Safety of toys — Part 1: Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties — Amendment 2: Magnets

Sécurité des jouets — Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et physiques — Amendement 2: Aimants

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
08-Mar-2012
Withdrawal Date
08-Mar-2012
Current Stage
9599 - Withdrawal of International Standard
Start Date
24-Sep-2012
Completion Date
24-Sep-2012
Ref Project

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
ISO 8124-1:2009/Amd 2:2012 - Magnets
English language
7 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 8124-1
Second edition
2009-03-15
AMENDMENT 2
2012-03-15
Safety of toys —
Part 1:
Safety aspects related to mechanical and
physical properties
AMENDMENT 2: Magnets
Sécurité des jouets —
Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et
physiques
AMENDEMENT 2: Aimants
Reference number
ISO 8124-1:2009/Amd.2:2012(E)
ISO 2012
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2009/Amd.2:2012(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2012

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s

member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2009/Amd.2:2012(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International

Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Amendment 2 to ISO 8124-1:2009 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 181, Safety of toys.

© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2009/Amd.2:2012(E)
Safety of toys —
Part 1:
Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties
AMENDMENT 2: Magnets
Page 3, Terms and definitions
Add the following definitions:
3.23
functional magnet in electrical or electronic components of toys

any magnet necessary for the function of motors, relays, speakers and other electrical or electronic

components in a toy where the magnetic properties are not part of the play pattern of the toy

Renumber subsequent definitions accordingly.
3.38
magnetic component

any part of a toy which contains an attached or fully or partially enclosed magnet

3.39
magnetic/electrical experimental set

toy containing one or more magnets intended for carrying out educational experiments involving both

magnetism and electricity
Renumber subsequent definitions accordingly.
Page 36, Clause 4
Add the following requirements:
4.30 Magnets and magnetic components
See Clause E.44.

The requirements in 4.30.1 and 4.30.2 do not apply to functional magnets in electrical or electronic

components of toys.

4.30.1 Magnetic/electrical experimental sets intended for children 8 years and over

Magnetic/electrical experimental sets intended for children 8 years and over that contain magnetic

components shall carry a warning (see B.2.21 for guidance) if they both:
2 2 2 2

— have a magnetic flux index greater than 50 kG mm (0,5 T mm ) when tested according to 5.32

(magnetic flux index), and
— fit entirely in the cylinder when tested according to 5.2 (small parts test).

NOTE Requirements for magnetic/electrical experimental sets intended for children under 8 years are given in 4.30.2.

4.30.2 All other toys with magnets and magnetic components
© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2009/Amd.2:2012(E)

a) Any loose-as-received magnet(s) and magnetic component(s) either shall have a magnetic flux index less

2 2 2 2

than 50 kG mm (0,5 T mm ) when tested in accordance with 5.32 (magnetic flux index), or shall not fit

entirely in the cylinder when tested in accordance with 5.2 (small parts test).

b) Wooden toys, toys intended to be used in water and mouth pieces of mouth-actuated toys with magnets

or magnetic components shall be tested in accordance with 5.34 (soaking test for magnets) before being

tested in accordance with 4.30.2 c).

c) The following tests shall be carried out in the prescribed order on all unique magnetic component(s). The

components used for this testing shall not have been previously subjected to normal use and reasonably

foreseeable abuse tests. Any magnet(s) and magnetic component(s) that become liberated from a toy, or

from a loose-as-received magnetic component either shall, when tested according to the subclauses listed

2 2 2 2

below, have a magnetic flux index less than 50 kG mm (0,5 T mm ) when tested in accordance with 5.32

(magnetic flux index), or shall not fit entirely in the cylinder when tested according to 5.2 (small parts test).

— 5.31 (tension test for magnets);

— 5.24.2 (drop test) or, if applicable, 5.24.3 (tip over test for large and bulky toys);

— 5.24.5 (torque test);
— 5.24.6.1 (tension test, general procedure);

— 5.24.6.2 [tension test for seams in soft-filled (stuffed) toys, beanbag-type toys and other similar filled

toys], if applicable;
— 5.33 (impact test for magnets);

— 5.24.7 (compression test), for magnets that are accessible but cannot be grasped [as specified in

5.24.6.1 (general procedure)];
— 5.31 (tension test for magnets).

NOTE 1 Examples of unique magnetic components are rods of different sizes or shapes containing magnets.

NOTE 2 If the toy contains one magnet, the component holding the magnet is considered to be a unique component.

NOTE 3 An example of a magnet that is accessible but cannot be grasped is a magnet that is recessed.

Page 49, 5.14
Replace the third paragraph with the following:

Drop a steel ball with a diameter of (16 ± 0,15) mm and mass of (16,9 ± 0,7) g from a height of (130 ± 0,5) cm

onto the horizontal upper surface of the toy in the area that would cover the eyes in normal use.

Page 54, 5.24.1
Add the following note at the end of the subclause:

NOTE The tests specified in 4.30.2 are carried out in the order specified in 4.30.2 on a toy, or part of a toy, that

has not been previously tested according to this subclause (5.24).
Page 71, Clause 5
Add the following test methods:
2 © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2009/Amd.2:2012(E)
5.31 Tension test for magnets
See 4.30.2 c).
5.31.1 Principle

These tests simulate the intended or reasonably foreseeable play pattern. It is recognized that toys may

contain a single magnet or a combination of magnets, magnetic components and/or metal mating parts;

the tests are designed to simulate a reasonably foreseeable play pattern using these components to

attach and detach the magnetic parts.

For toys that contain more than one magnet/magnetic component, the test specified in 5.31.2 shall be

carried out unless it is not possible to perform the test without damaging the toy. In the latter case, the test

shall be carried out using the reference disc, as described in 5.31.4.

NOTE An example of a case where it is not possible to perform the test in 5.31.2 with magnet(s) or magnetic

component(s) without damaging the toy, is a toy figurine with one accessible but non-graspable magnet in each foot.

Toys that contain one magnet only and a mating metal component shall be tested according to 5.31.3.

Toys that contain one magnet only and no mating metal component, shall be tested according to 5.31.4,

since this simulates a play pattern where the toy is attached and detached to a surface that is not delivered

with the toy.
5.31.2 Toys with magnets or magnetic components

Identify the magnet or magnetic component in the toy that is most likely to be able to detach. The identified

magnet or magnetic component shall be subjected to the tension test for magnets.

If it is not possible to determine which magnet or magnetic component(s) in the toy is most likely to be

able to detach the magnet under test, it is permissible to repeat the test with another magnet or magnetic

component from the toy.

Without damaging the toy, place the magnet or magnetic component in the orientation of attraction, as

close as possible, making contact if possible, to the magnet to be tested. Gradually apply a pulling force to

the magnet/magnetic component until it separates from the magnet under test. Perform the test 10 times

or until the magnet under test is detached from the toy, whichever occurs first.

Repeat the procedure for any other magnet that, in accordance with 4.30.2, shall be subjected to the

tension test for magnets.
5.31.3 Toys that contain one magnet only and a mating metal component

Without damaging the toy, place the metal components as close as possible, making contact if possible,

to the magnet to be tested. Gradually apply a pulling force to the metal component until it separates from

the magnet under test. Perform the test 10 times or until the magnet under test is detached from the toy,

whichever occurs first.
5.31.4 Toys that contain one magnet only and no mating metal component
5.31.4.1 Apparatus

5.31.4.1.2 Nickel disc with a minimum nickel content of 99 %, a diameter of (30 ± 0,5) mm and thickness

of (10 ± 0,5) mm.
5.31.4.2 Procedure

Without damaging the toy, place the flat part of the disc as close as possible to the magnet to be tested,

making contact if possible. Gradually apply a pulling force to the disc until it separates from the magnet

© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2009/Amd.2:2012(E)

under test. Perform the test 10 times or until the magnet under test is detached from the toy, whichever

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.