Telecommunications and exchange between information technology systems — Requirements for local and metropolitan area networks — Part 11: Wireless LAN medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications

The scope of this standard is to define one medium access control (MAC) and several physical layer (PHY) specifications for wireless connectivity for fixed, portable, and moving stations (STAs) within a local area.

Télécommunications et échange entre systèmes informatiques — Exigences pour les réseaux locaux et métropolitains — Partie 11: Spécifications du contrôle d'accès du milieu sans fil (MAC) et de la couche physique (PHY)

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Second edition
Information technology —
Telecommunications and information
exchange between systems — Local
and metropolitan area networks —
Specific requirements —
Part 11:
Wireless LAN medium access control
(MAC) and physical layer (PHY)
Technologies de l'information — Télécommunications et échange
d'information entre systèmes — Réseaux locaux et métropolitains —
Exigences spécifiques —
Partie 11: Spécifications du contrôle d'accès du milieu sans fil (MAC)
et de la couche physique (PHY)
Reference number
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-11:2018(E)
IEEE 2016
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-11:2018(E)
© IEEE 2016

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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© IEEE 2016 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-11:2018(E)

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are members of

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and IEC have established a joint technical committee, ISO/IEC JTC 1.

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ISO documents should be noted.

IEEE Standards documents are developed within the IEEE Societies and the Standards

Coordinating Committees of the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE‐SA) Standards Board. The IEEE

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ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802‐11 was prepared by the LAN/MAN of the IEEE Computer Society (as IEEE Std 802.11‐

2016) and drafted in accordance with its editorial rules. It was adopted, under the “fast-track procedure”

defined in the Partner Standards Development Organization cooperation agreement between ISO and IEEE,

by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology, Subcommittee SC 6,

Telecommunications and information exchange between systems.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802‐11:2012), which has been

technically revised.

A list of all parts in the ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802 series can be found on the ISO website.

© IEEE 2016 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
IEEE Std 802.11™-2016
(Revision of
IEEE Std 802.11-2012)
IEEE Standard for Information technology—
Telecommunications and information exchange between systems
Local and metropolitan area networks—
Specific requirements
Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control
(MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications
Prepared by the 802.11 Working Group of the
LAN/MAN Standards Committee
of the
IEEE Computer Society
Approved 7 December 2016
IEEE-SA Standards Board
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-11:2018(E)

Abstract: Technical corrections and clarifications to IEEE Std 802.11 for wireless local area

networks (WLANs) as well as enhancements to the existing medium access control (MAC) and

physical layer (PHY) functions are specified in this revision. Amendments 1 to 5 published in 2012

and 2013 have also been incorporated into this revision.
Keywords: 2.4 GHz, 256-QAM, 3650 MHz, 4.9 GHz, 5 GHz, 5.9 GHz, 60 GHz, advanced

encryption standard, AES, audio, beamforming, carrier sense multiple access/collision avoidance,

CCMP, channel switching, clustering, contention based access period, Counter mode with Cipher-

block chaining Message authentication code Protocol, confidentiality, CSMA/CA, DFS, direct link,

directional multi-gigabit, dynamic allocation of service period, dynamic extension of service period,

dynamic frequency selection, dynamic truncation of service period, E911, EDCA, emergency alert

system, emergency services, fast session transfer, forwarding, GCMP, generic advertisement

service, high throughput, IEEE 802.11™, international roaming, interworking, interworking with

external networks, LAN, local area network, MAC, management, measurement, medium access

control, media-independent handover, medium access controller, mesh, MIH, millimeter-wave,

MIMO, MIMO-OFDM, multi-band operation, multi-hop, multi-user MIMO, multiple input multiple

output, network advertisement, network discovery, network management, network selection,

noncontiguous frequency segments, OCB, path-selection, personal basic service set, PHY,

physical layer, power saving, QoS, quality of service, quality-of-service management frame, radio,

radio frequency, RF, radio resource, radio management, relay operation, spatial sharing, SSPN,

subscriber service provider, television white spaces, TPC, transmit power control, video, wireless

access in vehicular environments, wireless LAN, wireless local area network, WLAN, wireless

network management, zero-knowledge proof
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-11:2018(E)
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-11:2018(E)
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-11:2018(E)
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---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-11:2018(E)

At the time this revision was sent to sponsor ballot, the IEEE 802.11 Working Group (WG) had the

following officers:
Adrian P. Stephens, Chair
Jon W. Rosdahl, 1 Vice Chair
Dorothy V. Stanley, 2 Vice Chair
Stephen McCann, Secretary

The officers of the WG Task Group mc and the members of the WG ballot group for this revision are as

Dorothy V. Stanley, Chair
Mark A. Hamilton, Vice Chair
Jon W. Rosdahl, Secretary
Adrian P. Stephens, Technical Editor
Osama S. Aboulmagd Rojan Chitrakar Hiroshi Harada
Jinsoo Choi
Santosh P. Abraham Daniel N. Harkins
Sangsung Choi Brian D. Hart
Roberto Aiello
Li Chia Chia Choo Ahmadreza Hedayat
Thomas Alexander
Peiman Amini Sayantan Choudhury Robert F. Heile
Jerome Henry
Sirikiat Lek Ariyavisitakul Liwen Chu
Chin Keong Ho
Lee R. Armstrong Jinyoung Chun
Anh Tuan Hoang
Yusuke Asai John Coffey
Dien Hoang
Alex Ashley Kenneth Coop
Wei Hong
Kwok Shum Au Carlos Cordeiro
Ying-Chuan Hsiao
Vijay Auluck Neiyer Correal
Jing-Rong Hsieh
Subir Das
Stefan Aust
David Hunter
Hendricus De Ruijter
David Bagby
Yasuhiko Inoue
Eugene Baik Rolf J. de Vegt
Mitsuru Iwaoka
Gabor Bajko Yohannes Demessie
Wuncheol Jeong
Raja Banerjea Michael Denson
Yangseok Jeong
Phillip Barber Ting Dong
Sunggeun Jin
Anuj Batra Xiandong Dong
ZhongYi Jin
Tuncer Baykas Klaus Doppler
Nihar Jindal
Alan Berkema Roger P. Durand
V. K. Jones
Nehru Bhandaru Donald E. Eastlake
Jari Junell
Peter Ecclesine
Philippe Boucachard
Padam Kafle
Richard Edgar
Andre Bourdoux
Carl W. Kain
John Buffington Amal Ekbal
Hyunduk Kang
Lin Cai Marc Emmelmann
Mika Kasslin
George Calcev Vinko Erceg
Richard H. Kennedy
Chris Calvert Ping Fang
Stuart J. Kerry
Radhakrishna Canchi Yonggang Fang
Eunkyung Kim
Laurent Cariou Qin Fei
Jeongki Kim
William Carney Stanislav Filin
Jinho Kim
Jaesun Cha Norman Finn
Joo Young Kim
Matthew J. Fischer
Romana Challans
Joonsuk Kim
Kim Chang George Flammer
Suhwook Kim
Kuor-Hsin Chang Chittabrata Ghosh
Taejoon Kim
Xin Chang James P. K. Gilb
Youhan Kim
Clint F. Chaplin Reinhard Gloger
Youngsoo Kim
Bin Chen Daning Gong
Shoichi Kitazawa
Jiamin Chen David Goodall
Jarkko Kneckt
Jixin Chen Elad Gottlib
Gwangzeen Ko
Lidong Chen Sudheer A. Grandhi
Fumihide Kojima
Stephen Grau
Qian Chen
Tom Kolze
Xi Chen Michael Grigat
Timo Koskela
Minho Cheong David Halasz
Bruce P. Kraemer
George Cherian Christopher J. Hansen
Jin-Sam Kwak
Francois Chin Peng Hao
Joseph Kwak
Copyright © 2016 IEEE. All rights reserved.
© IEEE 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-11:2018(E)
Hyoungjin Kwon Sandhya Patil Tong Tian
Young Hoon Kwon Xiaoming Peng Jens Tingleff
Eldad Perahia Fei Tong
Paul Lambert
James E. Petranovich Ha Nguyen Tran
Zhou Lan
Leonardo Lanante Albert Petrick Kazuyoshi Tsukada
John Petro
James Lansford Masahiro Umehira
Xu Ping Richard D. J. Van Nee
Jean-Pierre Le Rouzic
Anseok Lee Juho Pirskanen Allert Van Zelst
Donghun Lee Khiam Boon Png Prabodh Varshney
Vishakan Ponnampalam
Jae Seung Lee Sameer Vermani
Ron Porat Dalton T. Victor
Wookbong Lee
Zhongding Lei Henry S. Ptasinski Gabriel Villardi
Wai Kong Leung Rethnakaran Pulikkoonattu George A. Vlantis
Chang-Woo Chang Pyo
Joseph Levy Chao Chun Wang
Emily H. Qi Haiguang Wang
Feng Li
Huan-Bang Li Huyu Qu Haiming Wang
Liang Li Harish Ramamurthy James June Wang
Jayaram Ramasastry Lei Wang
Lingjie Li
Ivan Reede Lin Wang
Yunbo Li
Yunzhou Li Edward Reuss Qi Wang
Zhiqiang Li Maximilian Riegel Xiang Wang
Mark Rison Xuehuan Wang
Erik Lindskog
Jianhan Liu Zhigang Rong Lisa Ward
Pei Liu Cheol Ryu Zou Wei-Xia
Kiseon Ryu
Yong Liu Lei Wen
Kazuyuki Sakoda Menzo M. Wentink
Zongru Liu
Peter Loc Ruben E. Salazar Cardozo Harya Wicaksana
Su Lu Hemanth Sampath Eric Wong
Sigurd Schelstraete Harry R. Worstell
Long Luo
Jean Schwoerer Tianyu Wu
Yi Luo
Zhendong Luo Jonathan Segev Zhanji Wu
Kaiying Lv Cristina Seibert Zhenyu Xiao
Yongho Seok Dongmei Xu
Michael Lynch
Jouni K. Malinen Kunal Shah Quanping Xu
Hiroshi Mano Huairong Shao Guang-Qi Yang
Simone Merlin Zhenhai Shao Lin Yang
Stephen J. Shellhammer Xun Yang
James Miller
Keiichi Mizutani Ian Sherlock Yunsong Yang
Apurva Mody Wei Shi Fan Ye
Michael Montemurro Nobuhiko Shibagaki James Yee
Shusaku Shimada Peter Yee
Kenichi Mori
Hitoshi Morioka Chang Sub Shin Wai-Leong Yeow
Ronald Murias Thomas M. Siep Kaoru Yokoo
Michael Sim Su Khiong Khiong Yong
Andrew Myles
Yukimasa Nagai Dwight Smith Christopher Young
Yuhei Nagao Graham Kenneth Smith Heejung Yu
Hiroki Nakano Myung Sun Song Zhan Yu
Sudhir Srinivasa Tevfik Yucek
Chiu Ngo
Paul Nikolich Robert Stacey Guangrong Yue
Hiroyo Ogawa Lawrence Stefani Katsuo D. A. Yunoki
Minseok Oh Rene Struik Hongyuan Zhang
Jung Hoon Suh Hui Zhang
Min-Seok Oh
David Olson Chin-Sean Sum Junjian Zhang
Satoshi Oyama Bo Sun Nianzu Zhang
Xin Zhang
Michael J. Paljug Chen Sun
Santos Ghanshyam Pandey Sheng Sun Mu Zhao
Anna Pantelidou Kazuaki Takahashi Jun Zheng
Giwon Park Mineo Takai Shoukang Zheng
Mingtuo Zhou
Minyoung Park Sagar Tamhane
Seung-Hoon Park Joseph Teo Yan Zhuang
Jaya Shankar Pathmasuntharam Thomas Tetzlaff Lan Zhuo
Jerry Thrasher
Copyright © 2016 IEEE. All rights reserved.
© IEEE 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-11:2018(E)
Major contributions were received from the following individuals:
Carlos Aldana Mitsuru Iwaoka Kazuyuki Sakoda
Yaron Alpert Assaf Kasher Amichai Sanderovich
Edward Au Peter Khoury Sigurd Schelstraete
Gabor Bajko Youhan Kim Yongho Seok
Sean Coffey Wookbong Lee Graham Kenneth Smith
Erik Lindskog
Daniel Cohn Dorothy V. Stanley
Carlos Cordeiro Jouni K. Malinen Adrian P. Stephens
Peter Ecclesine Stephen McCann Bo Sun
Vinko Erceg Michael Montemurro Fei Tong
Matthew J. Fischer Hiroyuki Motozuka Payam Torab
Michael Fischer Andrew Myles Solomon Trainin
Mark A. Hamilton Eldad Perahia Ganesh Venkatesan
Daniel N. Harkins Emily H. Qi Qi Wang
Brian D. Hart Mark Rison Gaius Wee
Guido R. Hiertz Jon W. Rosdahl Menzo M. Wentink
Wei Hong Dick Roy Mingguang Xu
Chen Yanming
David Hunter

The following members of the individual balloting committee voted on this revision. Balloters may have

voted for approval, disapproval, or abstention.
Osama S. Aboulmagd David Evans Assaf Kasher
Tomoko Adachi Zhong Fan Ruediger Kays
Iwan Adhicandra Liu Fangfang Stuart J. Kerry
Yongbum Kim
Thomas Alexander Matthew J. Fischer
Youhan Kim
Richard Alfvin Michael Fischer
Patrick Kinney
Nobumitsu Amachi Avraham Freedman
Bruce P. Kraemer
Carol Ansley Dan Gal
Yasushi Kudoh
Butch Anton Devon Gayle
Thomas Kurihara
Yusuke Asai James P. K. Gilb
Paul Lambert
Alfred Asterjadhi Tim Godfrey
Jeremy Landt
Joel Goergen
Stefan Aust
Mark Laubach
Randall Groves
Michael Bahr
Hyeong Ho Lee
Robert Grow
Gabor Bajko
Wookbong Lee
Michael Gundlach
Phillip Barber
James Lepp
Tuncer Baykas Chris Guy
Joseph Levy
Mathilde Benveniste Gloria Gwynne
Arthur H. Light
Harry Bims Rainer Hach
William Lumpkins
Gennaro Boggia Russell Haines
Chris Lyttle
Nancy Bravin Mark A. Hamilton
Elvis Maculuba
Theodore Brillhart Christopher J. Hansen
Jouni K. Malinen
John Buffington Jerome Henry
James Marin
William Byrd Marco Hernandez
Roger Marks
Brent Cain Guido Hiertz
Jeffery Masters
Radhakrishna Canchi Ronald Hochnadel
Stephen McCann
Fengming Cao Werner Hoelzl
Michael McInnis
William Carney David Hunter
Filip Mestanov
Juan Carreon Tetsushi Ikegami
Apurva Mody
Minho Cheong Noriyuki Ikeuchi
Jose Morales
Yasuhiko Inoue
Keith Chow
Ronald Murias
Sergiu Iordanescu
Jinyoung Chun
Rick Murphy
Akio Iso
Charles Cook
Andrew Myles
Todor Cooklev Atsushi Ito
Juichi Nakada
Carlos Cordeiro Raj Jain
Nabil Nasser
Steven Crowley Michael Johas Teener
Michael Newman
Yezid Donoso Adri Jovin
Chiu Ngo
Sourav Dutta Joe Natharoj Juisai
Nicks Nikjoo
Donald E. Eastlake Naveen Kakani
Paul Nikolich
Peter Ecclesine Shinkyo Kaku
Satoshi Obara
Richard Edgar Hyunjeong Kang
Robert O’Hara
Marc Emmelmann Piotr Karocki
Yoshihiro Ohba
Copyright © 2016 IEEE. All rights reserved.
© IEEE 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-11:2018(E)
Satoshi Oyama Andy Scott Keat Beng Toh
Stephen Palm Yongho Seok Payam Torab
Solomon Trainin
Glenn Parsons Kunal Shah
Ha Nguyen Tran
Arumugam Paventhan Ian Sherlock
Kazuyoshi Tsukada
Shusaku Shimada
Brian Phelps
Mark-Rene Uchida
Walter Pienciak Robert Slater
Lorenzo Vangelista
Subburajan Ponnuswamy Di Dieter Smely
Allert Van Zelst
Clinton Powell Graham Kenneth Smith
Dmitri Varsanofiev
Venkatesha Prasad Daniel Smolinski
Prabodh Varshney
Emily H. Qi Kapil Sood
Ganesh Venkatesan
R. K. Rannow Robert Stacey
George A. Vlantis
Dorothy V. Stanley
Maximilian Riegel
Khurram Waheed
Mark Rison Thomas Starai
Haiming Wang
Robert Robinson Adrian P. Stephens
Lei Wang
Benjamin Rolfe Rene Struik
Stephen Webb
Jon W. Rosdahl Walter Struppler
Hung-Yu Wei
Kazuyuki Sakoda Mark Sturza
Menzo M. Wentink
Osman Sakr Rakesh Taori
Chun Yu Charles Wong
Amichai Sanderovich David Tepen
Forrest Wright
John Santhoff Patricia Thaler
James Yee
Naotaka Sato David Thompson
Oren Yuen
Bartien Sayogo Edward Tiedemann
Daidi Zhong
Sigurd Schelstraete Jens Tingleff
Zhen Zhou

When the IEEE-SA Standards Board approved this revision on 7 December 2016, it had the following

Jean-Philippe Faure, Chair
Ted Burse, Vice Chair
John D. Kulick, Past Chair
Konstantinos Karachalios, Secretary
Chuck Adams
Ronald W. Hotchkiss Mehmet Ulema
Masayuki Ariyoshi Michael Janezic Yingli Wen
Stephen Dukes Joseph L. Koepfinger* Howard Wolfman
Don Wright
Jianbin Fan Hung Ling
Yu Yuan
J. Travis Griffith Kevin Lu
Daidi Zhong
Gary Hoffman Annette D. Reilly
Gary Robinson
*Member Emeritus
Copyright © 2016 IEEE. All rights reserved.
© IEEE 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-11:2018(E)

This introduction is not part of IEEE Std 802.11-2016, IEEE Standard for Information technology—

Telecommunications and information exchange between systems—Local and metropolitan area network—Specific

requirements—Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications.

This revision gives users, in one document, the IEEE 802.11 standard for wire

Questions, Comments and Discussion

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