Cranes — Bridge and gantry cranes — International Standards for design and manufacturing requirements and recommendations

ISO TR 16880:2004 collects the design and manufacturing requirements and recommendations for bridge and gantry cranes in ISO and IEC International Standards.

Appareils de levage à charge suspendue — Ponts roulants et ponts portiques — Normes Internationales sur les exigences de conception et de fabrication

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
16-Mar-2004
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
17-Mar-2004
Completion Date
17-Mar-2004
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ISO/TR 16880:2004 - Cranes -- Bridge and gantry cranes -- International Standards for design and manufacturing requirements and recommendations
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TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 16880
First edition
2004-04-01
Cranes — Bridge and gantry cranes —
International Standards for design and
manufacturing requirements and
recommendations
Appareils de levage à charge suspendue — Ponts roulants et ponts
portiques — Normes Internationales sur les exigences de conception et
de fabrication
Reference number
ISO/TR 16880:2004(E)
ISO 2004
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TR 16880:2004(E)
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ii © ISO 2004 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 16880:2004(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

In exceptional circumstances, when a technical committee has collected data of a different kind from that

which is normally published as an International Standard (“state of the art”, for example), it may decide by a

simple majority vote of its participating members to publish a Technical Report. A Technical Report is entirely

informative in nature and does not have to be reviewed until the data it provides are considered to be no

longer valid or useful.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO/TR 16880 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 96, Cranes, Subcommittee SC 9, Bridge and

gantry cranes.
© ISO 2004 – All rights reserved iii
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TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 16880:2004(E)
Cranes — Bridge and gantry cranes — International Standards
for design and manufacturing requirements and
recommendations
1 Scope

This Technical Report collects the design and manufacturing requirements and recommendations for bridge

and gantry cranes in ISO and IEC International Standards.
2 Requirements
2.1 Particular ISO International Standards for bridge and gantry cranes

The International Standards marked with an x are also applicable for cranes in use. Units and symbols can be

found in ISO 31 (all parts).
ISO 4301-1 Cranes and lifting appliances — Classification — Part 1: General
Abstract: Establishes a general classification of cranes based on the number of

operating cycles to be carried out during the expected life of the crane and a load

spectrum factor which represents a nominal state of loading. Classification

considers only the operating conditions which are independent of the type of crane

and the way it is driven.

ISO 4301-5 Cranes — Classification — Part 5: Overhead travelling and portal bridge cranes

Abstract: Establishes the classification of cranes based on the number of

operating cycles to be carried out during the expected life of the appliance and its

mechanisms, and a load spectrum factor which represents the nominal state of
loading.
ISO 4302 Cranes — Wind load assessment
Abstract: Gives a simplified method of calculation and assumes that the wind

blows horizontally from any direction, that the wind blows at a constant velocity

and that there is a static reaction to the loadings applying to the crane structure. It

includes built-in allowances for the effects of gusting (rapid changes in wind
velocity) and for dynamic response.
1) ISO 31, Quantities and units
© ISO 2004 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO/TR 16880:2004(E)

ISO 4304 Cranes other than mobile and floating cranes — General requirements for stability

Abstract: Specifies the conditions to be met when verifying, by calculation, the

stability of all crane types defined in ISO 4306-1 that are subject to tilting. It

assumes that they are standing on a firm, level supporting surface or track. The
sliding of cranes on their tracks is not covered.
ISO 4306-1 Cranes — Vocabulary — Part 1: General
Abstract: Defines terms concerning the main types of cranes, parameters, general
concepts and component parts in English, French and Russian.
ISO 4306-5 Cranes — Vocabulary — Part 5: Bridge and gantry cranes
Abstract: Establishes a vocabulary and defines the terms relating to bridge and
gantry cranes.

ISO 4308-1 x Cranes and lifting appliances — Selection of wire ropes — Part 1: General

Abstract: Specifies two methods for the selection of wire rope to be used on lifting

appliances as designated in ISO 4306-1, one based on the value of the rope

selection factor C and the other based on the value of the coefficient of utilization

Z ISO 4308-1 establishes the minimum requirements for acceptable strength and
performance levels of wire ropes with respect to the design, application and
maintenance of the lifting appliance. ISO 4308-1 establishes the minimum
requirements for the diameters of drums and sheaves that are to be associated
with the selected wire rope.

ISO 4309 x Cranes — Wire ropes — Care, maintenance (including installation), inspection

Abstract: Details the essential guidelines for examination of wire ropes in service

on a lifting appliance, and enumerates discard criteria relating to wire breaks,
wear, corrosion and deformation which are to be applied to ensure the efficient
and safe usage of the equipment.
ISO 4310 Cranes — Test code and procedures

Abstract: Specifies the tests and procedures to be followed in order to verify that a

crane conforms to its operational specifications and is capable of lifting rated
loads. Where rated loads are determined by stability, a test procedure and test

load are specified that permit stability margins to be easily verified. Defines test

procedures such as conformity tests, visual inspection and load lifting competence

testing.
ISO 7296-1 plus Cranes — Graphic symbols — Part 1: General
ISO 7296-1:1991/
Amd.1:1996 Cranes — Graphic symbols — Part 1: General — Amendment 1
Abstract: Gives 67 symbols and defines the various colours to be used with
cranes. Contains the alphabetical indexes in English, French and Russian.
2 © ISO 2004 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 16880:2004(E)

ISO 7363 Cranes and lifting appliances — Technical characteristics and acceptance

documents

Abstract: Establishes the form of presentation and content of the documents which

a manufacturer should provide with the equipment. Documents give technical
information and include acceptance documents for the equipment to facilitate its
installation, testing and use. Specimen acceptance documents are given in the
annex. Applies to all types defined in ISO 4306-1.
ISO 7595 Socketing procedures for wire ropes — Molten metal socketing
Abstract: Provides guidance on recommended practices for metal socketing.
When socketing ropes have wire tensile grades greater than 1 960 MPa, special
precautions may be necessary and the rope supplier should be consulted. Rope
terminations specified in ISO 7595 may be used for determining the breaking load
of wire ropes in accordance with ISO 3108.

ISO 7752-1 Lifting appliances — Controls — Layout and characteristics — Part 1: General

principles
Abstract: Deals with the arrangement of those crane controls which are used in
positioning loads and serves as a general basis for the elaboration of detailed

International Standards for particular types. It defines basic requirements of these

controls, safe crane operation conditions and criteria for the layout of control
levers and pedals.

ISO 7752-5 Lifting appliances — Controls — Layout and characteristics — Part 5: Overhead

travelling cranes and portal bridge cranes
Abstract: Establishes the arrangement, requirements and direction of movement

of the basic crane controls for travelling, traversing, slewing, cab driving, lifting,

hoisting and lowering operations for these cranes as defined in ISO 4306-1.

ISO 8306 Cranes — Overhead travelling cranes and portal bridge cranes — Tolerances for

cranes and tracks
Abstract: Specifies the manufacturing tolerances for cranes and trucks at a
standard temperature of 20 °C. These tolerances apply to a lifting appliance
loaded solely by its own mass. Tolerances take no account of elastic deformation
during operation.
ISO 8566-1 Cranes — Cabins — Part 1: General
Abstract: Establishes the general requirements for cabin construction, driver's

seat, visibility, control elements, information, noise, vibration, heating and air-

conditioning for cranes as defined in ISO 4306-1.

ISO 8566-5 Cranes — Cabins — Part 5: Overhead travelling and portal bridge cranes

Abstract: Establishes the requirements for cabin construction, driver's seat, control

elements, heating and cooling for cranes as defined in ISO 4306-1.
© ISO 2004 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO/TR 16880:2004(E)

ISO 8686-1 Cranes — Design principles for loads and load combinations — Part 1: General

Abstract: Establishes general methods for calculating loads and principles to be
used to select load combinations for proof of competence for the structural and
mechanical components for cranes as defined in ISO 4306-1. It is based on rigid-
body kinetic analysis and elasto-static analysis. It provides the general form,
content and range of parameter values for more specific standards and also a
framework for agreement on loads and load combinations between manufacturer
and purchaser.
ISO 8686-5
...

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