Information technology -- Underwater acoustic sensor network (UWASN)

ISO/IEC 30140-4:2018 The ISO/IEC 30140 series provides general requirements, reference architecture and high-level interface guidelines supporting interoperability among underwater acoustic sensor networks (UWASNs). Part 4 provides information on interoperability requirements among entities within a UWASN and among various UWASNs.

Technologies de l'information -- Réseau de capteurs acoustiques sous-marins

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Published
Publication Date
25-Jul-2018
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6000 - International Standard under publication
Start Date
26-Jul-2018
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ISO/IEC 30140-4:2018 - Information technology -- Underwater acoustic sensor network (UWASN)
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ISO/IEC 30140-4
Edition 1.0 2018-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
Information technology – Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network (UWASN) –
Part 4: Interoperability
ISO/IEC 30140-4:2018-07(en)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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ISO/IEC 30140-4
Edition 1.0 2018-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
Information technology – Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network (UWASN) –
Part 4: Interoperability
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 35.110 ISBN 978-2-8322-5913-9

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – ISO/IEC 30140-4:2018 © ISO/IEC 2018
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 3

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 5

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 5

4 Abbreviated terms ........................................................................................................... 5

5 Interoperability in UWASN ............................................................................................... 6

5.1 Overview................................................................................................................. 6

5.1.1 Interoperability definition ................................................................................. 6

5.1.2 Achieving interoperability ................................................................................. 6

5.1.3 The need for interoperability ............................................................................ 6

5.1.4 UWASN interoperability ................................................................................... 6

5.2 Interoperability between the user and the UWA-GW ................................................ 9

5.3 Interoperability between the UWA-GW and the UWA-FN ......................................... 9

5.4 Interoperability between UWA-FNs ....................................................................... 10

5.5 Interoperability between UWA-GWs ...................................................................... 11

6 UWASN communication technology interoperability architecture point of view ............... 11

7 UWASN communication technology interoperability architecture from service point

of view ........................................................................................................................... 12

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 12

7.2 Example: Interoperability between heterogeneous networks ................................. 14

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 16

Figure 1 – Interoperability in UWASN ...................................................................................... 8

Figure 2 – Graphical representation of interoperable UWASN ................................................. 8

Figure 3 – Interoperability of UWASN ..................................................................................... 9

Figure 4 – Generic standardized interface for interoperability in UWASNs .............................. 9

Figure 5 – Multiple interfaces on a UWA-GW to provide interoperability in UWASN ............... 10

Figure 6 – Interoperability between fundamental networks .................................................... 11

Figure 7 – Interoperability between UWA-GWs ..................................................................... 11

Figure 8 – UWASN communication technology interoperability architecture point of

view ...................................................................................................................................... 12

Figure 9 – UWASN communication technology interoperability architecture a from

service point of view ............................................................................................................. 13

Figure 10 – Interoperability between heterogeneous networks .............................................. 15

Table 1 – UWASN CTI-AP Entities ........................................................................................ 14

Table 2 – UWASN CTI-AP interoperability ............................................................................ 14

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ISO/IEC 30140-4:2018 © ISO/IEC 2018 – 3 –
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY –
UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC SENSOR NETWORK (UWASN) –
Part 4: Interoperability
FOREWORD

1) ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical Commission)

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International Standard ISO/IEC 30140-4 was prepared by subcommittee 41: Internet of Things

and related technologies, of ISO/IEC joint technical committee 1: Information technology.

The list of all currently available parts of the ISO/IEC 30140 series, under the general title

Information technology – Underwater acoustic sensor network (UWASN), can be found on the

IEC and ISO websites.

This International Standard has been approved by vote of the member bodies, and the voting

results may be obtained from the address given on the second title page.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A bilingual version of this publication may be issued at a later date.
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– 4 – ISO/IEC 30140-4:2018 © ISO/IEC 2018
INTRODUCTION

Water covers approximately 71 % of the surface of the Earth. Modern technologies introduce

new methods to monitor the body of water, for example pollution monitoring and detection.

Underwater data gathering techniques require exploring the water environment, which can be

most effectively performed by underwater acoustic sensor networks (UWASNs). Applications

developed for the UWASNs can record underwater climate, detect and control water pollution,

monitor marine biology, discover natural resources, detect pipeline leakages, monitor and

locate underwater intruders, perform strategic surveillance, and so on.

The ISO/IEC 30140 series provides general requirements, reference architecture (RA)

including the entity models and high-level interface guidelines supporting interoperability

among UWASNs in order to provide the essential UWASN construction information to help

and guide architects, developers and implementers of UWASNs.

Additionally, the ISO/IEC 30140 series provides high-level functional models related to

underwater sensor nodes and relationships among the nodes to construct architectural

perspective of UWASNs. However, the ISO/IEC 30140 series is an application agnostic

standard. Thus, the ISO/IEC 30140 series specifies neither any type of communication

waveforms for use in UWASNs nor any underwater acoustic communication frequencies.

Specifying communication waveforms and/or frequencies are the responsibility of architects,

developers and implementers .

Acoustical data communication in sensor networks necessitates the introduction of acoustical

signals that overlap biologically important frequency bands into the subject environment.

These signals can conflict with regional, national, or international noise exposure regulations.

Implementers of acoustical communication networks should consult the relevant regulatory

agencies prior to designing and deployment of these systems to ensure compliance with

regulations and avoid conflicts with the agencies.

The purpose of the ISO/IEC 30140 series is to provide general requirements, guidance and

facilitation in order for the users of the ISO/IEC 30140 series to design and develop the target

UWASNs for their applications and services.
The ISO/IEC 30140 series comprises four parts as shown below.
• Part 1 provides a general overview and requirements of the UWASN reference
architecture.
• Part 2 provides reference architecture models for UWASN.

• Part 3 provides descriptions for the entities and interfaces of the UWASN reference

architecture.

• Part 4 provides information on interoperability requirements among the entities within a

UWASN and among various UWASNs.
___________

Architects, developers, and implementers need to be aware of the submarine emergency frequency band, near

and below 12 kHz, and it is recommended to provide a provision for such submarine emergency band in their

UWASN design and applications.
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ISO/IEC 30140-4:2018 © ISO/IEC 2018 – 5 –
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY –
UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC SENSOR NETWORK (UWASN) –
Part 4: Interoperability
1 Scope

This part of ISO/IEC 30140 specifies interoperability between the selected physical entities of

UWASN.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their

content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition

cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including

any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 29182-2, Information technology – Sensor networks: Sensor Network Reference

Architecture (SNRA) – Part 2: Vocabulary and terminology
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 29182-2 apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
4 Abbreviated terms
ad-hoc UWA-SNode ad-hoc underwater acoustic sensor node
CTI-AP communication technology interoperability architecture point of view
CTI-SP communication technology interoperability architecture fr
...

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