Lifts for the transport of persons and goods — Part 1: Safety rules for the construction and installation of passenger and goods passenger lifts

1.1 This document specifies the safety rules for permanently installed new passenger or goods passenger lifts, with traction, positive or hydraulic drive, serving defined landing levels, having a car designed for the transportation of persons or persons and goods, suspended by ropes, chains or jacks and moving between guide rails inclined not more than 15° to the vertical. 1.2 In addition to the requirements of this document, supplementary requirements need to be considered in special cases (use of lifts by persons with disabilities, in case of fire, potentially explosive atmosphere, extreme climate conditions, seismic conditions, transporting dangerous goods, etc.). 1.3 This document does not cover: a) lifts with: drive systems other than those stated in 1.1; rated speed less than or equal to 0,15 m/s; b) hydraulic lifts: with a rated speed exceeding 1 m/s; where the setting of the pressure relief valve ( exceeds 50 MPa; c) new passenger or goods passenger lifts in existing buildings[1] where, in some circumstances due to limitations enforced by building constraints, some requirements of this document cannot be met and local requirements, e.g., EN 81-21 need to be considered; d) lifting appliances, such as paternosters, mine lifts, theatrical lifts, appliances with automatic caging, skips, lifts and hoists for building and public works sites, ships' hoists, platforms for exploration or drilling at sea, construction and maintenance appliances or lifts in wind turbines; e) important modifications (see Annex C) to a lift installed before this document is brought into application; f) safety during operations of transport, erection, repairs, and dismantling of lifts. However, this document can usefully be taken as a basis. Noise and vibrations are not dealt with in this document as they are not found at levels which could be considered harmful with regard to the safe use and maintenance of the lift (see also 0.4.2). 1.4 This document is not applicable to passenger and goods passenger lifts, which are installed before the date of its publication. [1] An existing building is a building which is used or was already used before the order for the lift was placed. A building whose internal structure is completely renewed is considered a new building.

Elévateurs pour le transport de personnes et d'objets — Partie 1: Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l'installation d'ascenseurs et d'ascenseurs de charge

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ISO 8100-1:2019 - Lifts for the transport of persons and goods
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First edition
Corrected version
Lifts for the transport of persons and
goods —
Part 1:
Safety rules for the construction and
installation of passenger and goods
passenger lifts
Elévateurs pour le transport de personnes et d'objets —
Partie 1: Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l'installation
d'ascenseurs et d'ascenseurs de charge
Reference number
ISO 8100-1:2019(E)
ISO 2019

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ISO 8100-1:2019(E)

© ISO 2019
All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved

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ISO 8100-1:2019(E)

Contents Page
Foreword .vi
Introduction .vii
1 Scope . 1
2 Normative references . 2
3 Terms and definitions . 3
4 List of significant hazards . 9
5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .11
5.1 General .11
5.2 Well, machinery spaces and pulley rooms .11
5.2.1 General provisions.11
5.2.2 Access to well and to machinery spaces and pulley rooms .16
5.2.3 Access and emergency doors — Access trap doors — Inspection doors .17
5.2.4 Notices .18
5.2.5 Well .18
5.2.6 Machinery spaces and pulley rooms . .30
5.3 Landing doors and car doors .37
5.3.1 General provisions.37
5.3.2 Height and width of entrances .38
5.3.3 Sills, guides, door suspension .38
5.3.4 Horizontal door clearances .38
5.3.5 Strength of landings and car doors .40
5.3.6 Protection in relation to door operation .44
5.3.7 Local landing lighting and “car here” signal lights .46
5.3.8 Locking and closed landing door check .47
5.3.9 Locking and emergency unlocking of landing and car doors .47
5.3.10 Requirements common to devices for proving the locked condition and
the closed condition of the landing door .50
5.3.11 Sliding landing doors with multiple, mechanically linked panels .50
5.3.12 Closing of automatically operated landing doors .51
5.3.13 Electric safety device for proving the car doors closed .51
5.3.14 Sliding or folding car doors with multiple, mechanically linked panels .51
5.3.15 Opening the car door . .51
5.4 Car, counterweight and balancing weight .52
5.4.1 Height of car .52
5.4.2 Available car area, rated load, number of passengers .52
5.4.3 Walls, floor and roof of the car .57
5.4.4 Car door, floor, wall, ceiling and decorative materials .58
5.4.5 Apron .58
5.4.6 Emergency trap doors and emergency doors .59
5.4.7 Car roof .60
5.4.8 Equipment on top of the car .63
5.4.9 Ventilation .63
5.4.10 Lighting .64
5.4.11 Counterweight and balancing weight .64
5.5 Suspension means, compensation means and related protection means .64
5.5.1 Suspension means .64
5.5.2 Sheave, pulley, drum and rope diameter ratios, rope/chain terminations .65
5.5.3 Rope traction .65
5.5.4 Winding up of ropes for positive drive lifts .66
5.5.5 Distribution of load between the ropes or the chains .66
5.5.6 Compensation means . . .67
5.5.7 Protection for sheaves, pulleys and sprockets .67
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ISO 8100-1:2019(E)

5.5.8 Traction sheaves, pulleys and sprockets in the well .69
5.6 Precautions against free fall, excessive speed, unintended car movement and
creeping of the car.69
5.6.1 General provisions.69
5.6.2 Safety gear and its tripping means .70
5.6.3 Rupture valve .76
5.6.4 Restrictors .77
5.6.5 Pawl device .78
5.6.6 Ascending car overspeed protection means .79
5.6.7 Protection against unintended car movement .81
5.7 Guide rails .84
5.7.1 Guiding of the car, counterweight or balancing weight .84
5.7.2 Permissible stresses and deflections.84
5.7.3 Combination of loads and forces .87
5.7.4 Impact factors .87
5.8 Buffers .89
5.8.1 Car and counterweight buffers .89
5.8.2 Stroke of car and counterweight buffers .90
5.9 Lift machinery and associated equipment .91
5.9.1 General provision .91
5.9.2 Lift machine for traction lifts and positive drive lifts .92
5.9.3 Lift machine for hydraulic lifts .97
5.10 Electric installations and appliances .106
5.10.1 General provisions.106
5.10.2 Incoming supply conductor terminations .108
5.10.3 Contactors, contactor relays, components of safety circuits .108
5.10.4 Protection of electrical equipment .109
5.10.5 Main switches .110
5.10.6 Electric wiring .111
5.10.7 Lighting and socket outlets .112
5.10.8 Control of the supply for lighting and socket outlets .112
5.10.9 Protective earthing . .113
5.10.10 Electrical identification .113
5.11 Protection against electric faults; failure analysis; electric safety devices.113
5.11.1 Protection against electric faults; failure analysis .113
5.11.2 Electric safety devices .114
5.12 Controls — Final limit switches — Priorities .119
5.12.1 Control of lift operations .119
5.12.2 Final limit switches .126
5.12.3 Emergency alarm device and intercom system.127
5.12.4 Priorities and signals.128
6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures .128
6.1 Technical compliance documentation .128
6.2 Verification of design .128
6.3 Examinations and tests before putting into service .132
6.3.1 Braking system ( .132
6.3.2 Electric installation .133
6.3.3 Checking of the traction (5.5.3) . .133
6.3.4 Car safety gear (5.6.2) .133
6.3.5 Counterweight or balancing weight safety gear (5.6.2) .134
6.3.6 Pawl device (5.6.5) .135
6.3.7 Buffers (5.8.1, 5.8.2) .135
6.3.8 Rupture valve (5.6.3) .135
6.3.9 Restrictor/one-way restrictor (5.6.4) .135
6.3.10 Pressure test .136
6.3.11 Ascending car overspeed protection means (5.6.6) .136
6.3.12 Stopping of the car at landings and levelling accuracy ( .136
6.3.13 Protection against unintended car movement (5.6.7).136
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ISO 8100-1:2019(E)

6.3.14 Protection against falling/shearing ( .137
7 Information for use .137
7.1 General .137
7.2 Instruction manual .137
7.2.1 General.137
7.2.2 Normal use .137
7.2.3 Maintenance .137
7.2.4 Examinations and tests .138
7.3 Logbook .138
8 Use of ISO/TS 8100-3 .139
Annex A (normative) List of the electric safety devices .140
Annex B (informative) Technical compliance documentation .142
Annex C (informative) Periodic examinations and tests, examinations and tests after an
important modification or after an accident .143
Annex D (informative) Machinery spaces — Access .145
Annex E (informative) Building interfaces .146
Annex F (normative) Pit access ladder .149
Annex G (informative) Relationship between this document and ISO 8100-20 .152
Bibliography .153
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ISO 8100-1:2019(E)

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards
bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out
through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical
committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International
organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.
ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of
electrotechnical standardization.
The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are
described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the
different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the
editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of
any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or
on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).
Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not
constitute an endorsement.
For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and
expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the
World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso
.org/iso/foreword .html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 178, Lifts, escalators, passenger conveyors.
Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A
complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
A list of all parts in the ISO 8100 series can be found on the ISO website.
In this corrected version of ISO 8100:2019, the title has been changed.
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ISO 8100-1:2019(E)

0.1  General
The content of this document was already published in EN 81-20:2014. This document contains only
editorial changes and update of references.
This document is a type C standard as stated in ISO 12100.
The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events
are covered are indicated in the scope of this document.
When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B
standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other
standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C
0.2  General remarks
0.2.1  The object of this document is to define safety rules related to passenger and goods passenger
lifts with a view to safeguarding persons and objects against the risk of accidents associated with the
normal use, maintenance and emergency operation of lifts.
0.2.2  A study has been made of the various possible hazards with lifts, see Clause 4.  Persons to be safeguarded:
a) users, including passengers and competent and authorized persons, e.g. maintenance and
inspection personnel (see EN 13015);
b) persons in the surrounding area of the well, or any machine room and pulley room, who can be
effected by the lift.  Property to be safeguarded:
a) loads in car;
b) components of the lift installation;
c) building in which the lift is installed;
d) immediate surrounding area of the lift installation.
NOTE EN 81-71 gives additional requirements covering lifts resistant to acts of vandalism and EN 81-77
gives additional requirements covering lifts in seismic conditions.
0.2.3  When the weight, size and/or shape of components prevent them from being moved by hand,
they are:
a) fitted with attachments for lifting gear; or
b) designed so that they can be fitted with such attachments (e.g. by means of threaded holes); or
c) shaped in such a way that standard lifting gear can easily be attached.
0.3  Principles
0.3.1  General
In drawing up this document, the following principles have been used:
0.3.2  This document does not repeat all the general technical rules applicable to every electrical,
mechanical, or building construction including the protection of building elements against fire.
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ISO 8100-1:2019(E)

However, it has been necessary to establish certain requirements for good construction, either because
they are peculiar to lift manufacture or because, in the case of lift utilization, the requirements can be
more stringent than elsewhere.
0.3.3  This document states minimum rules for the installation of lifts into buildings/constructions.
There can be regulations for the construction of buildings in some countries which cannot be ignored.
Typical clauses affected by this are those defining minimum values for the height of the machine and
pulley rooms and for the dimensions of their access doors.
0.3.4  As far as possible, this document sets out only the requirements that materials and equipment
should meet in the interests of safe operation of lifts.
0.3.5  Risk analysis, terminology and technical solutions have been considered, taking into account the
methods of ISO 12100, ISO 14798 and the IEC 61508 series of standards.
0.3.6  In order for this document to be a widely applicable standard, the average weight of a person has
been determined to be 75 kg.
This document defines the maximum car area related to a specified design load in the car (rated load)
and the minimum car area to transport a corresponding number of persons, based on 75 kg per person,
in order to detect and discourage overloading.
0.4  Assumptions
0.4.1  General
In drawing up this document, the following assumptions have been made:
0.4.2  Negotiations have been made between the customer and the supplier, and an agreement was
reached about:
a) the intended use of the lift;
b) the type and mass of the handling devices intended to be used to load and unload the car, in the
case of goods passenger lifts;
c) environmental conditions such as temperature, humidity, exposure to sun or wind, snow, corrosive
d) civil engineering problems (for example, building regulations);
e) other aspects related to the place of installation;
f) the dissipation of heat from the components/equipment of the lift which would require ventilation
of the well and/or the machinery space/location of equipment;
g) information about the aspects relating to noise and vibrations emitted by the equipment.
0.4.3  Relevant risks have been considered for each component that can be incorporated in a complete
lift installation and rules have been drawn up accordingly.

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