Safety of toys — Part 1: Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties — Amendment 2: Impaction and impalement hazards

Sécurité des jouets — Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et physiques — Amendement 2: Risques de blocage liés à l'ingestion

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FINAL
ISO
AMENDMENT
DRAFT
8124-1:2012
FDAM 2
ISO/TC 181
Safety of toys —
Secretariat: DS
Voting begins on:
Part 1:
2014-03-04
Safety aspects related to mechanical
Voting terminates on:
and physical properties
2014-05-05
AMENDMENT 2: Impaction and
impalement hazards
Sécurité des jouets —
Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et
physiques
AMENDEMENT 2: Risques de blocage liés à l’ingestion
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO 8124-1:2012/FDAM 2:2014(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2014
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2012/FDAM 2:2014(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2014

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2012/FDAM 2:2014(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information
The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 181, Safety of toys.
© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2012/FDAM 2:2014(E)
Safety of toys —
Part 1:
Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical
properties
AMENDMENT 2: Impaction and impalement hazards
Replace the existing 4.5.1 with the text below:

4.5.1 Squeeze toys, rattles, fasteners, and certain other toys and components of toys

4.5.1.1 General

Soft-filled (stuffed) toys or soft-filled parts of toys or parts made entirely of fabric are exempted from

the requirements of 4.5.1.
4.5.1.2 Squeeze toys, rattles, and certain other toys and components of toys
The requirements of 4.5.1.2 apply to the following types of toys:
— squeeze toys intended for children under 18 mo.;
— rattles;
— teethers and teething toys intended for children under 18 mo.;
— legs of baby gyms intended for children under 18 mo.;

— the following toys if they have a mass less than 0,5 kg and are intended for children too young to sit

up unaided:

— removable components of toys intended to be strung across a crib, playpen, or perambulator;

— removable components of baby gyms.

The toys and components of toys listed above shall be designed so that no part of the toy protrudes past

the base of test template A when tested in accordance with 5.3.

The toys and components of toys listed above shall, if they have nearly spherical, hemispherical, or

circular flared ends, be designed so that such ends do not protrude past the base of the supplemental

test template B when tested in accordance with 5.3.

4.5.1.3 Other toys or components of toys with nearly spherical, hemispherical, circular flared, or

dome-shaped ends of toys having a mass less than 0,5 kg and intended for children under 18 mo.

See E.7.

The requirements of 4.5.1.3 apply only to toys or components of toys where the nearly spherical,

hemispherical, circular flared, or dome-shaped end adjoins a shaft, handle, or support that has a smaller

cross section.

Nearly spherical, hemispherical, circular flared, or dome-shaped ends of toys or components of toys

shall be designed so that such ends do not protrude past the base of the supplemental test template B

when tested in accordance with 5.3.
© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2012/FDAM 2:2014(E)

4.5.1.4 Toy fasteners (e.g. nails, bolts, screws, and pegs) with nearly spherical, hemispherical, or

dome-shaped ends intended for children 18 mo. and over but under 48 mo.
See E.7.

The requirements of 4.5.1.4 apply only to toy fasteners that meet all of the following criteria (see

Figures 1 and 2):

— The nearly spherical, hemispherical, or dome-shaped end has a diameter of 15 mm or more.

— The distance from the apex of the toy fastener to the undercut is 44,4 mm or less.

— The overall length is 57,1 mm or more.
Key
a diameter of nearly spherical, hemispherical, or dome-shaped end, ≥15 mm
b distance from the apex of the toy fastener to the undercut, ≤44,4 mm
c overall length, ≥57,1 mm
Figure 7 — Dimensions of toy fasteners
2 © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2012/FDAM 2:2014(E)
Figure 8 — Examples of toy fasteners
The requirements of 4.5.1.4 do not apply to toy fasteners
— with non-rigid ends or

— that are tethered to a toy where the weight of the combined toy/fastener is more than 0,5 kg and the

length of the tether is less than 300 mm.

Nearly spherical, hemispherical, or dome-shaped ends of toy fasteners (e.g. nails, bolts, screws, and pegs)

shall be designed so that such ends do not protrude past the base of the supplemental test template B

when tested in accordance with 5.3.
Replace the existing 4.8 with the following:
4.8 Projections
4.8.1 Projections other than bath toy projections
See E.13.
© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2012/FDAM 2:2014(E)

These requirements are intended to address the hazards associated with the users of toys falling on

projections or on rigid components possibly causing skin puncture or internal injury.

If a projection presents a skin puncture hazard, the projection shall be protected by suitable means,

such as turning back the end of a wire or by affixing a smoothly finished protective cap or cover, which

effectively increases the surface area for potential contact with the skin. The protective cap or cover

shall not become detached when tested in accordance with 5.24.

If a rigid handlebar presents a potential internal injury hazard or a skin puncture hazard, it shall be

equipped with handle-grips with enlarged ends. Ends of tubes that present a potential internal injury

hazard or a skin puncture hazard shall be equipped with end-plugs or other means of protection at the

end of the tube.

Handle-grips, end-plugs, and other protective devices shall not become detached when subjected to a

removal force of 70 N.

Since this requirement relates to hazards arising from a child falling on a toy, only vertical or nearly

vertical projections shall be evaluated. However, the toy and its projection shall be tested in the most

onerous position.

Toys intended to be repeatedly assembled and taken apart shall have the individual pieces and fully

assembled articles, as shown on packaging graphics, instructions, or other advertising, evaluated

separately.

The requirements for the assembled toy do not apply to toys for which the assembling makes up a

significant part of the play value of the toy.
4.8.2 Bath toy projections

Rigid projections on toys designed primarily for use in the bath tub pose a specific hazard that can

result in serious penetration and impalement injuries. Design guidelines are presented in Annex F that

intend to minimize penetration and impalement hazards.

As there are no objective means for determining conformance with these guidelines, they are not to be

used to judge compliance with this International Standard.
Replace the existing E.7 with the text below:
E.7 Shape, size, and strength of certain toys
See 4.5, 4.5.1.3, and 4.5.1.4.

The purpose of the requirements in 4.5 is to identify certain toys which can present impaction, choking,

and/or suffocation hazards because their design or construction permits them to enter an infant’s

mouth and potentially become lodged in the throat.

In determining which toys are intended for children who are unable to sit up unaided or intended for

children under 18 mo., the following factors are relevant: the manufacturer’s stated intent (such as

on a label) if it is reasonable, the advertising, the promotion, the marketing, and whether the toys are

generally considered as suitable for the age group in question.

It is recognized that children start to sit up unaided between five mo. and 10 mo. of age.

The requirements in 4.5.1.2 are intended to address choking, suffocation, and impaction hazards

associated with rattles, teethers, teething toys, and squeeze toys intended for children under 18 mo.

The requirements apply to toys having a mass less than 0,5 kg and intended for children too young to sit

up unaided, including toy components that are removable from toys intended to be strung across a crib,

playpen, or perambulator; the requirements do not apply to the fasteners of such products intended for

attaching the toy to the crib, playpen, or perambulator.

NOTE The term “nearly” is used below, consistent with the long standing and successful squeeze toy

requirement.
4 © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2012/FDAM 2:2014(E)

The requirements in 4.5.1.3 (nearly spherical, hemispherical, circular flared, or dome-shaped ends of

toys or components of toys) are intended to address several deaths and incidents reported through the

U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), involving young children (under 18 mo.) playing with

various toys featuring spherical ends attached to a handle or shaft. The deaths or incidents resulted

from the spherical end of a toy becoming lodged in the child’s throat causing asphyxiation. The incidents

were similar to those previously addressed by use of the supplemental gauge. The European standard

EN 71 was also used as reference as it addresses similar situations. The exclusion for toys weighing over

0,5 kg (1,1 lbs) was incorporated to differentiate the subject toys from other toys as also referenced

from the European EN 71 standard.
The requirements
...

DRAFT AMENDMENT ISO 8124-1:2012/DAM 2
ISO/TC 181 Secretariat: DS
Voting begins on Voting terminates on
2013-04-02 2013-07-02

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION • МЕЖДУНАРОДНАЯ ОРГАНИЗАЦИЯ ПО СТАНДАРТИЗАЦИИ • ORGANISATION INTERNATIONALE DE NORMALISATION

Safety of toys —
Part 1:
Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties
AMENDMENT 2: Impaction and impalement hazards
Sécurité des jouets —
Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et physiques
AMENDEMENT 2: Risques de blocage liés à l'ingestion
ICS 97.200.50

To expedite distribution, this document is circulated as received from the committee

secretariat. ISO Central Secretariat work of editing and text composition will be undertaken at

publication stage.

Pour accélérer la distribution, le présent document est distribué tel qu'il est parvenu du

secrétariat du comité. Le travail de rédaction et de composition de texte sera effectué au

Secrétariat central de l'ISO au stade de publication.

THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY NOT BE

REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.

IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES, DRAFT

INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO

WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN NATIONAL REGULATIONS.

RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH

THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION.
© International Organization for Standardization, 2013
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2012/DAM 2
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2013

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any

means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission.

Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.

ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2012/DAM 2
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................ iv

4.5.1 Squeeze toys, rattles, fasteners and certain other toys and components of toys ............................. 1

4.8 Projections .................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.8.1 Projections other than bath toy projections ........................................................................................... 3

4.8.2 Bath toy projections .................................................................................................................................. 4

E.7 Shape, size and strength of certain toys ................................................................................................... 4

E.9 Pre-school play figures ............................................................................................................................... 7

E.13 Projections .................................................................................................................................................. 7

Annex F (informative) Bath toy projection design guidelines ......................................................................... 9

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2012/DAM 2
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Amendment 2 to ISO 8124-1:2012 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 181, Safety of toys.

iv © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
DRAFT AMENDMENT ISO 8124-1:2012/DAM 2
Safety of toys — — Part 1: Safety aspects related to
mechanical and physical properties - Amendment 2: Impaction
and impalement hazards
Replace the existing clause 4.5.1 with the text below:

4.5.1 Squeeze toys, rattles, fasteners and certain other toys and components of toys

4.5.1.1 General

Soft-filled (stuffed) toys or soft-filled parts of toys or parts made entirely of fabric are exempted from the

requirements of 4.5.1.
4.5.1.2 Squeeze toys, rattles and certain other toys and components of toys
The requirements of 4.5.1.2 apply to the following types of toys:
 squeeze toys intended for children under 18 months;
 rattles;
 teethers and teething toys intended for children under 18 months;;
 legs of baby gyms intended for children under 18 months;

 the following toys if they have a mass less than 0,5 kg and are intended for children too young to sit up

unaided:

 removable components of toys intended to be strung across a crib, playpen or perambulator;

 removable components of baby gyms.

The toys and components of toys listed above shall be designed so that no part of the toy protrudes past the

base of test template A, when tested in accordance with 5.3 (Test for shape and size of certain toys).

The toys and components of toys listed above shall, if they have nearly spherical, hemispherical, or circular

flared ends, be designed so that such ends do not protrude past the base of the supplemental test template B

when tested in accordance with 5.3.

4.5.1.3 Other toys or components of toys with nearly spherical, hemispherical, circular flared or dome

shaped ends of toys having a mass less than 0,5 kg and intended for children under 18 months

See Clause E.7

The requirements of 4.5.1.3 apply only to toys or components of toys where the nearly spherical,

hemispherical, circular flared or dome shaped end adjoins a shaft, handle or support that has a smaller cross

section.
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2012/DAM 2

Nearly spherical, hemispherical, circular flared or dome shaped ends of toys or components of toys shall be

designed so that such ends do not protrude past the base of the supplemental test template B when tested in

accordance with 5.3.

4.5.1.4 Toy fasteners (e.g. nails, bolts, screws and pegs) with nearly spherical, hemispherical or dome

shaped ends intended for children 18 months and over but under 48 months
See Clause E.7

The requirements of 4.5.1.4 apply only to toy fasteners that meet all of the following criteria (see figures X and

Y):

 The nearly spherical, hemispherical or dome shaped end has a diameter of 15 mm or more

 The distance from the apex of the toy fastener to the undercut is 44,4 mm or less

 The overall length is 57,1 mm or more
Key
a) Diameter of nearly spherical, hemispherical or dome shaped end ≥ 15 mm
b) Distance from the apex of the toy fastener to the undercut ≤ 44,4 mm
c) Overall length ≥ 57,1 mm
Figure X – Dimensions of toy fasteners
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2012/DAM 2
Figure Y – Examples of toy fasteners
The requirements of 4.5.1.4 do not apply to toy fasteners:
 with non-rigid ends, or

 that are tethered to a toy where the weight of the combined toy/fastener is more than 0,5 kg and the

length of the tether is less than 300 mm.

Nearly spherical, hemispherical or domed shaped ends of toy fasteners (e.g. nails, bolts, screws and pegs)

shall be designed so that such ends do not protrude past the base of the supplemental test template B when

tested in accordance with 5.3.
Replace the existing clause 4.8 with the following
4.8 Projections
4.8.1 Projections other than bath toy projections
See Clause E.13.

These requirements are intended to address the hazards associated with the users of toys falling on

projections or on rigid components possibly causing skin puncture or internal injury.

If a projection presents a skin puncture hazard, the projection shall be protected by suitable means, such as

turning back the end of a wire, or by affixing a smoothly finished protective cap or cover, which effectively

increases the surface area for potential contact with the skin. The protective cap or cover shall not become

detached when tested in accordance with 5.24 (Reasonably foreseeable abuse tests).

Toys intended to be repeatedly assembled and taken apart shall have the individual pieces and fully

assembled articles, as shown on packaging graphics, instructions or other advertising, evaluated separately.

If a rigid handlebar presents a potential internal injury hazard or a skin puncture hazard, it shall be equipped

with handle-grips with enlarged ends. Ends of tubes that present a potential internal injury hazard or a skin

puncture hazard, shall be equipped with end-plugs or other means of protection at the end of the tube.

Handle-grips, end-plugs and other protective devices shall not become detached when subjected to a removal

force of 70 N.
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2012/DAM 2

The requirements for the assembled toy do not apply to toys for which the assembling makes up a significant

part of the play value of the toy.

Since this requirement relates to hazards arising from a child falling on a toy, only vertical or nearly vertical

projections shall be evaluated. However, the toy and its projection shall be tested in the most onerous position.

4.8.2 Bath toy projections

Rigid projections on toys designed primarily for use in the bath tub pose a specific hazard that can result in

serious penetration and impalement injuries. Design guidelines are presented in Annex F that intend to

minimize penetration and impalement hazards.

As there are no objective means for determining conformance with these guidelines, they are not to be used

to judge compliance with this standard.
Replace the existing clause E.7 with the text below.
E.7 Shape, size and strength of certain toys
See 4.5, 4.5.1.3 and 4.5.1.4.

The purpose of the requirements in 4.5 is to identify certain toys which may present impaction, choking and/or

suffocation hazards because their design or construction permits them to enter an infant's mouth and

potentially become lodged in the throat.

In determining which toys are intended for children who are unable to sit up unaided, or intended for children

up to and including 18 months, the following factors are relevant: the manufacturer's stated intent (such as on

a label) if it is reasonable, the advertising, the promotion, the marketing and whether the toys are generally

considered as suitable for the age group in question.

It is recognised that children start to sit up unaided between 5 months and 10 months of age.

The requirements in 4.5.1.2 are intended to address choking, suffocation and impaction hazards associated

with e.g. rattles, teethers, teething toys and squeeze toys intended for children under 18 months.

NOTE The term “nearly” is used below, consistent with the long standing and successful squeeze toy requirement.

The requirements in section 4.5.1.3 (Nearly spherical, hemispherical, circular flared or dome shaped ends of

toys or components of toys) are intended to add
...

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