Health informatics -- Information model of combination of decoction pieces in Chinese medicines

This document specifies the information model within the subject field of combination of Chinese medicines. A set of domain constraints of sanctioned characteristics have been defined in the model. Domain constraints are achieved through a set of relationships. This document does not apply to Kampo medicine.

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Published
Publication Date
27-Nov-2018
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6060 - International Standard published
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01-Nov-2018
Completion Date
28-Nov-2018
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ISO/TS 22835:2018 - Health informatics -- Information model of combination of decoction pieces in Chinese medicines
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TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 22835
First edition
2018-11
Health informatics — Information
model of combination of decoction
pieces in Chinese medicines
Reference number
ISO/TS 22835:2018(E)
ISO 2018
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TS 22835:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TS 22835:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 List of authorized representation of relationships for the combination of decoction

pieces in Chinese medicines ..................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5 Information model for representation of combination of Chinese medicines ....................................4

5.1 Conformance principles .................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.2 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/TS 22835:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

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ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

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expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 215, Health informatics.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TS 22835:2018(E)
Introduction

Principles, methods, formulas and medicinals are four important parts of traditional Chinese medicine

therapy, in which the importance of formulas cannot be underestimated.

As the fundamental rule to construct multi-herb prescriptions of Chinese Materia Medica (CMM),

combination is the key to study the principles of CMM prescriptions. The key point in enhancing clinical

efficacy is how to better achieve the combination of formulas.

However, the information on formulas in clinical reports tends to be insufficient for interpretation

of heterogeneity, often causing difficulties for data synthesis in meta-analyses. This is due to three

reasons: firstly, because an appropriate information model of formulas of Chinese medicines is not

used, secondly, because some of the concepts in the traditional medicine practice in the western pacific-

rim region originated from China and are not mentioned, and thirdly because semantic associations

between concepts of formula combination of Chinese medicines need to be explicitly identified.

This document defines the information model within combination in order to address these problems.

Chinese medicines means substance or combination of substances used under the guidance of Traditional

Chinese Medicine (TCM) theory for medical care and the prevention and treatment of disease, which is

different from TCM. TCM is the parent concept which includes Chinese medical treatment and Chinese

medicines.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 22835:2018(E)
Health informatics — Information model of combination of
decoction pieces in Chinese medicines
1 Scope

This document specifies the information model within the subject field of combination of Chinese

medicines. A set of domain constraints of sanctioned characteristics have been defined in the model.

Domain constraints are achieved through a set of relationships.
This document does not apply to Kampo medicine.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 17115, Health informatics — Vocabulary of compositional terminological systems

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
Chinese medicines

substance or combination (3.2) of substances used under the guidance of traditional Chinese medicine

theory for medical care and the prevention and treatment of disease
3.2
combination

use of various medicinals jointly in a formula or prescription for producing the desired therapeutic

effect and reducing toxic or side effects
Note 1 to entry: This definition is taken from Reference [12].
3.3
mutual reinforcement

two medicinals with similar properties used in combination (3.2) to reinforce each other’s action

EXAMPLE Lonicera (LONICERAE JAPONICAE FLOS, Jin yin hua) and forsythia fruit (FORSYTHIAE FRUCTUS,

Lian qiao) used together in a formula can release the exterior more effectively after decocting.

Note 1 to entry: This definition is taken from Reference [12].
3.4
mutual restraint

toxicity (3.6) or side effects of a medicinal being counteracted by another medicinal

EXAMPLE Pinellia tuber (PINELLIAE RHIZOMA, Ban xia) restraint fresh ginger rhizome

...

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