This document specifies an information model within the field of Chinese materia medica processing. It defines a set of domain constraints of sanctioned characteristics, each composed of a relationship and an applicable information model. This model aims at representing the concepts applicable to Chinese materia medica processing in the making of decoction pieces. This document is not applicable to Japanese traditional Kampo medicine.

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This document specifies the whole manufacturing process of Chinese materia medica products by defining a set of domain constraints of sanctioned characteristics, each composed of a relationship and an applicable categorial structure. It includes three process categories: processing, extracting and preparation. This document is not applicable to Japanese traditional KAMPO medicinal products.

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This document aims to specify categorial structures in the field of decoction. This document describes a concept system detailing domain constraints of sanctioned characteristics, each composed of a semantic link and applicable characterizing categories. The following topics are out of scope of this document: — models of decoction pieces; — the specification of categorial structures for the representation of post or manufacturing processes of decoction such as packaging; — individual pharmaceutical, medicinal products or herbal substances. This document is applicable to terminological systems/resources.

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This document defines the classification rules and coding scheme for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) data sets. It is applicable for investigation and management of TCM data resources as well as the description, integration, publication, index and retrieval of the TCM data sets. This document excludes the Kampo medicine .

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This document specifies the information model within the subject field of combination of Chinese medicines. A set of domain constraints of sanctioned characteristics have been defined in the model. Domain constraints are achieved through a set of relationships. This document does not apply to Kampo medicine.

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ISO/TS 16843-3:2017 aims to specify categorial structure in the field of moxibustion by defining a set of domain constraints for use within terminological resources. ISO/TS 16843-3:2017 describes a concept system detailing domain constraints of sanctioned characteristics, each composed of a semantic link and applicable characterizing categories. Specification of categorial structures for representation of acupuncture points and other sites of the body, indications, prohibition and effect are out of the scope of this document. The potential uses for this document include: - supporting developers to provide new terminological systems concerning moxibustion; - supporting developers to provide new detailed content areas of existing terminological systems concerning the moxibustion process to ensure its conformance; - facilitating the representation of the moxibustion process using a standardized core model in a manner suitable for computer processing; - providing a conceptual framework for the generation of a compositional concept representation of moxibustion; - facilitating the mapping and improved semantic correspondence between different terminologies by proposing a core specification for moxibustion; - providing a core model to describe the structure of moxibustion, and facilitate improved semantic correspondence with information models; - providing a tool for moxibustion text mining, database construction, ancient document processing over a wide area of acupuncture information collection and processing; - providing a new method for researchers to conduct relevant research, and ideas for the development of acupuncture and moxibustion disciplines.

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ISO/TS 16843-4:2017 specifies the categorial structure within the subject field of meridian and collateral by defining a set of domain constraints of sanctioned characteristics, each composed of a semantic link and an applicable characterizing category in order to represent the concept of meridian and collateral.

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ISO/TS 16843-1:2016 specifies the categorial structure within the subject field of acupuncture by defining a set of domain constraints of sanctioned characteristics each composed of a semantic link and an applicable characterizing category in order to represent the concept of acupuncture point. ISO/TS 16843-1:2016 describes sanctioned characteristics with semantic links and characterizing categories for representation of acupuncture points. Concepts of acupuncture points are used in clinical practices for applying stimulation such as insertion, pricking, scratching, scrubbing, massaging or pressing with various kinds of needles, moxibustion, acupressure and cupping in various medical domains. The potential uses for this conceptual framework are the following: - provide a conceptual framework for the generation of compositional concept representation of acupuncture point; - provide a core model to describe the structure of acupuncture point, and facilitate improved semantic correspondence with information models; - facilitate the mapping and semantic correspondence between different terminological resources by proposing with a core specification of acupuncture point; - support developers of new terminological systems concerning acupuncture point; - support developers of new detailed content areas of existing terminological resources concerning acupuncture point to ensure conformance; - facilitate the representation of acupuncture point in a manner suitable for computer processing; - provide the monitoring system for adverse events and adverse reactions; - provide the characterization of clinical research related to acupuncture point. The target groups for this document are the following: - developers of terminology systems acupuncture point; - developers of information systems that require a structured framework of concepts to facilitate implementation and communication; - informaticians, analysts and epidemiologists who require common models of knowledge to facilitate analysis of current and legacy data from one or more information systems; - clinicians and coders to provide greater consistency in structure and organization when entering and retrieving data using one or more terminological resources; - managers and administrative personnel in providing a benchmark by which to judge terminology and information system solutions: as to whether the potential options will deliver compatibility with legacy data and future proofing to emerging terminology products. Topics considered outside the scope of this document include an exhaustive list of all possible characterizing concepts that could be used to describe acupuncture points.

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ISO/TS 17938:2014 defines the structure of the semantic network by describing the semantic types and semantic relations of TCM language system. ISO/TS 17938:2014 is intended to: a) support establishment of Unified Semantic Modelling TCM Language System; b) support develop of standardized TCM concepts and relationships of concepts; c) provide a conceptual framework for the concept representation of TCM Language; d) provide the minimal coding for the semantic network structure; e) support improvement in the processing of natural language by computer systems. ISO/TS 17938:2014 has been developed for the first time. The initial content described within it is intended to be used as a starting point for the application of the content in the information system.

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