Water quality - Determination of orthophosphate and total phosphorus contents by flow analysis (FIA and CFA) - Part 2: Method by continuous flow analysis (CFA) (ISO 15681-2:2018)

This document specifies continuous flow analysis (CFA) methods for the determination of
orthophosphate in the mass concentration range from 0,01 mg/l to 1,00 mg/l P, and total phosphorus
in the mass concentration range from 0,10 mg/l to 10,0 mg/l P. The method includes the digestion of
organic phosphorus compounds and the hydrolysis of inorganic polyphosphate compounds, performed
either manually, as described in ISO 6878 and in References [4], [5] and [7], or with an integrated
ultraviolet (UV) digestion and hydrolysis unit.
This document is applicable to various types of water, such as ground, drinking, surface, leachate and
waste water. The range of application can be changed by varying the operating conditions.
This method is also applicable to the analysis of seawater, but with changes in sensitivity by adapting
the carrier and calibration solutions to the salinity of the samples.
It is also applicable to analysis using 10 mm to 50 mm cuvettes depending on the desired range. For
extreme sensitivity, 250 mm and 500 mm long way capillary flow cells (LCFCs) can be used. However,
the method is not validated for these two uses. Changes in sensitivity and calibration solutions could be
required.
Annex A provides examples of a CFA system. Annex B gives performance data from interlaboratory
trials. Annex C gives information of determining orthophosphate-P and total-P by CFA and tin(II)
chloride reduction.

Wasserbeschaffenheit - Bestimmung von Orthophosphat und Gesamtphosphor mittels Fließanalytik (FIA und CFA) - Teil 2: Verfahren mittels kontinuierlicher Durchflussanalyse (CFA) (ISO 15681-2:2018)

Dieses Dokument legt eine kontinuierliche Durchflussanalyse (CFA-Verfahren) für die Bestimmung von Orthophosphat in Massenkonzentrationen von 0,01 mg/l bis 1,00 mg/l P und von Gesamtphosphor für Massenkonzentrationen von 0,10 mg/l bis 10,0 mg/l P fest. Das Verfahren schließt den Aufschluss organischer Phosphorverbindungen und die Hydrolyse anorganischer Polyphosphat-Verbindungen ein, entweder manuell durchgeführt, wie in ISO 6878 und [4], [5] und [7] festgelegt oder mit einer integrierten UV Aufschluss- und Hydrolyseeinheit.
Dieses Dokument ist auf unterschiedliche Wässer anwendbar, wie Grund-, Trink-, Oberflächenwasser, Eluate und Abwasser. Der Anwendungsbereich kann durch Veränderung der Betriebsbedingungen variiert werden.
Das Verfahren ist auch auf Meerwasser anwendbar, jedoch unter Änderung der Empfindlichkeit; die Träger- und Bezugslösungen müssen an die Salinität der Probe angepasst werden.
Abhängig vom gewünschten Arbeitsbereich kann das Verfahren auch unter Verwendung von 10 mm  bis 50 mm Küvetten durchgeführt werden. Für extreme Empfindlichkeit können 250 mm  und 500 mm-Long Way Capillary Flow Cells (LCFCs) eingesetzt werden. Für diese beiden Anwendungen ist das Verfahren jedoch nicht validiert. Änderungen bei der Empfindlichkeit und bei den Bezugslösungen könnten dabei erforderlich werden.
Anhang A enthält Beispiele für ein CFA-System. Anhang B enthält Verfahrenskenndaten aus Ringversuchen. Anhang C enthält Informationen zur Bestimmung von Orthophosphat P und Gesamtphosphor mittels CFA und Zinn(II)chlorid-Reduktion.

Qualité de l'eau - Dosage des orthophosphates et du phosphore total par analyse en flux (FIA et CFA) - Partie 2: Méthode par analyse en flux continu (CFA) (ISO 15681-2:2018)

Le présent document spécifie des méthodes par analyse en flux continu (CFA) pour le dosage des orthophosphates dans le domaine de concentrations en masse allant de 0,01 mg/l à 1,00 mg/l (P), et pour le dosage du phosphore total dans le domaine de concentrations en masse allant de 0,10 mg/l à 10,0 mg/l (P). La méthode comprend la digestion des composés organiques du phosphore et l'hydrolyse des composés de polyphosphate inorganique, soit manuellement comme décrit dans l'ISO 6878 et dans les Références [4], [5] et [7], soit avec un dispositif de digestion intégrée à rayonnement ultraviolet (UV) et une unité d'hydrolyse.
Le présent document est applicable à différents types d'eau, tels que eau souterraine, eau de consommation, eau de surface, lixiviats et eaux usées. Il est possible de modifier le domaine d'application en faisant varier les conditions opératoires.
La présente méthode est également applicable à l'analyse de l'eau de mer moyennant une modification de la sensibilité et une adaptation des solutions vecteurs et des solutions d'étalonnage à la salinité des échantillons.
Elle est également applicable à l'analyse à l'aide de cuvettes de 10 mm à 50 mm selon le domaine souhaité. Pour une sensibilité extrême, il est également possible d'utiliser de longues cellules à flux capillaire (LCFC) de 250 mm et 500 mm. Toutefois, la méthode n'est pas validée pour ces deux usages. Il peut être nécessaire de modifier la sensibilité et les solutions d'étalonnage.
L'Annexe A donne des exemples de dispositif CFA. L'Annexe B donne des données de performance issues d'essais interlaboratoires. L'Annexe C fournit des informations sur le dosage des orthophosphates-P et du phosphore total par CFA, avec réduction par le chlorure d'étain(II).

Kakovost vode - Določevanje ortofosfata in celotnega fosforja s pretočno analizo (FIA in CFA) - 2. del: Metoda s kontinuirno pretočno analizo (CFA) (ISO 15681-2:2018)

Ta dokument določa metodo s kontinuirno pretočno analizo (CFA) za določevanje ortofosfata v območju masne koncentracije od 0,01 mg/l do 1,00 mg/l P in celotnega fosforja
v območju masne koncentracije od 0,10 mg/l do 10,0 mg/l P. Metoda vključuje razgradnjo organskih spojin iz fosforja in hidrolizo anorganskih spojin iz polifosfata, ki se izvajata bodisi ročno, kot je opisano v standardu ISO 6878 in v navedbah [4], [5] in [7], ali z vgrajeno ultravijolično (UV) enoto za izvajanje razgradnje in hidrolize.
Ta dokument se uporablja za različne vrste vod, kot so podtalnica, pitna voda, površinska voda ter izcedna in odpadna voda. Območje uporabe je mogoče spremeniti s spreminjanjem delovnih pogojev.
Ta metoda se uporablja tudi za analizo morske vode, vendar s spremembami v občutljivosti s prilagajanjem
nosilne in kalibracijske raztopine slanosti vzorcev.
Prav tako se uporablja za analizo z uporabo kivet velikosti od 10 mm do 50 mm, kar je odvisno od želenega območja. Pri
izjemni občutljivosti je mogoče uporabiti 250 mm in 500 mm dolge celice s kapilarnim tokom (LCFC). Metoda za ti dve vrsti uporabe ni potrjena. Morda bo treba spremeniti občutljivost in kalibracijske raztopine.
V dodatku A so podani primeri sistema kontinuirane pretočne analize (CFA). V dodatku B so podatki o zmogljivosti, pridobljeni z medlaboratorijskimi
poskusi. V dodatku C so informacije o določevanju ortofosfata in celotnega fosforja s kontinuirano pretočno analizo in redukcijo kositrovega(II)
klorida.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Sep-2017
Publication Date
11-Apr-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Feb-2019
Due Date
08-Apr-2019
Completion Date
12-Apr-2019

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Water quality - Determination of orthophosphate and total phosphorus contents by flow

analysis (FIA and CFA) - Part 2: Method by continuous flow analysis (CFA) (ISO 15681-

2:2018)
Wasserbeschaffenheit - Bestimmung von Orthophosphat und Gesamtphosphor mittels

Fließanalytik (FIA und CFA) - Teil 2: Verfahren mittels kontinuierlicher Durchflussanalyse

(CFA) (ISO 15681-2:2018)

Qualité de l'eau - Dosage des orthophosphates et du phosphore total par analyse en flux

(FIA et CFA) - Partie 2: Méthode par analyse en flux continu (CFA) (ISO 15681-2:2018)

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 15681-2:2018
ICS:
13.060.50 3UHLVNDYDYRGHQDNHPLþQH Examination of water for
VQRYL chemical substances
SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
EN ISO 15681-2
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.060.50 Supersedes EN ISO 15681-2:2004
English Version
Water quality - Determination of orthophosphate and total
phosphorus contents by flow analysis (FIA and CFA) - Part
2: Method by continuous flow analysis (CFA) (ISO 15681-
2:2018)

Qualité de l'eau - Dosage des orthophosphates et du Wasserbeschaffenheit - Bestimmung von

phosphore total par analyse en flux (FIA et CFA) - Orthophosphat und Gesamtphosphor mittels

Partie 2: Méthode par analyse en flux continu (CFA) Fließanalytik (FIA und CFA) - Teil 2: Verfahren mittels

(ISO 15681-2:2018) kontinuierlicher Durchflussanalyse (CFA) (ISO 15681-
2:2018)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 10 August 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 15681-2:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
EN ISO 15681-2:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
EN ISO 15681-2:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 15681-2:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 147 "Water

quality" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 230 “Water analysis” the secretariat of

which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 15681-2:2004.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 15681-2:2018 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 15681-2:2018 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 15681-2
Second edition
2018-10
Water quality — Determination
of orthophosphate and total
phosphorus contents by flow analysis
(FIA and CFA) —
Part 2:
Method by continuous flow analysis
(CFA)
Qualité de l'eau — Dosage des orthophosphates et du phosphore total
par analyse en flux (FIA et CFA) —
Partie 2: Méthode par analyse en flux continu (CFA)
Reference number
ISO 15681-2:2018(E)
ISO 2018
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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
ISO 15681-2:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
ISO 15681-2:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Interferences ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.1 General interferences ........................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.2 Interferences in the determination of total-P .............................................................................................................. 2

5 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

5.1 Determination of orthophosphate ......................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Total phosphorus with manual digestion ........................................................................................................................ 3

5.3 Total phosphorus with integral UV digestion and hydrolysis ........................................................................ 3

6 Reagents ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

7 Apparatus ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

8 Sampling and sample preparation .................................................................................................................................................... 9

9 Procedure..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

9.1 Preparation for analysis .................................................................................................................................................................. 9

9.2 Instrument performance check ................................................................................................................................................ 9

9.3 Reagent blank check ........................................................................................................................................................................... 9

9.4 Calibration ...............................................................................................................................................................................................10

9.5 Check of UV digestion and hydrolysis for total P determination (Figures A.2 and A.3) .......10

9.6 Measurement .........................................................................................................................................................................................10

9.7 Closing down the system .............................................................................................................................................................10

10 Calculation of results ....................................................................................................................................................................................11

11 Expression of results .....................................................................................................................................................................................11

12 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

Annex A (informative) Examples of a CFA system ................................................................................................................................12

Annex B (informative) Performance data ....................................................................................................................................................15

Annex C (informative) Determination of orthophosphate-P and total-P by CFA and tin(II)

chloride reduction ...........................................................................................................................................................................................17

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................18

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
ISO 15681-2:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 147, Water quality, Subcommittee SC 2,

Physical, chemical and biochemical methods.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 15681-2:2003), which has been technically

revised. The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

a) the reagents have been adjusted to decrease the pH to enhance the colour reaction;

b) the figures in Annex A have been revised.
A list of all parts in the ISO 15681 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
ISO 15681-2:2018(E)
Introduction

Methods of determining water quality using flow analysis automated wet chemical procedures are

particularly suitable for the processing of many analytes in water in large sample series at a high

analysis frequency.
[6][8] [9]

Analysis can be performed by flow injection analysis (FIA) or continuous flow analysis (CFA) .

Both methods share the feature of an automatic dosage of the sample into a flow system (manifold)

where the analyte in the sample reacts with the reagent solutions on its way through the manifold. The

sample preparation may be integrated in the manifold. The amount of reaction product is measured in a

flow detector (e.g. flow photometer). This document describes the CFA method.

The user should be aware that particular problems could require the specification of additional

marginal conditions.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 15681-2:2018(E)
Water quality — Determination of orthophosphate and
total phosphorus contents by flow analysis (FIA and CFA) —
Part 2:
Method by continuous flow analysis (CFA)

WARNING — Persons using this document should be familiar with normal laboratory practice.

This document does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its

use. It is the responsibility of the user to establish appropriate safety and health practices.

IMPORTANT — It is absolutely essential that tests conducted in accordance with this document

be carried out by suitably qualified staff.
1 Scope

This document specifies continuous flow analysis (CFA) methods for the determination of

orthophosphate in the mass concentration range from 0,01 mg/l to 1,00 mg/l P, and total phosphorus

in the mass concentration range from 0,10 mg/l to 10,0 mg/l P. The method includes the digestion of

organic phosphorus compounds and the hydrolysis of inorganic polyphosphate compounds, performed

either manually, as described in ISO 6878 and in References [4], [5] and [7], or with an integrated

ultraviolet (UV) digestion and hydrolysis unit.

This document is applicable to various types of water, such as ground, drinking, surface, leachate and

waste water. The range of application can be changed by varying the operating conditions.

This method is also applicable to the analysis of seawater, but with changes in sensitivity by adapting

the carrier and calibration solutions to the salinity of the samples.

It is also applicable to analysis using 10 mm to 50 mm cuvettes depending on the desired range. For

extreme sensitivity, 250 mm and 500 mm long way capillary flow cells (LCFCs) can be used. However,

the method is not validated for these two uses. Changes in sensitivity and calibration solutions could be

required.

Annex A provides examples of a CFA system. Annex B gives performance data from interlaboratory

trials. Annex C gives information of determining orthophosphate-P and total-P by CFA and tin(II)

chloride reduction.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 3696, Water for analytical laboratory use — Specification and test methods

ISO 5667-1, Water quality — Sampling — Part 1: Guidance on the design of sampling programmes and

sampling techniques

ISO 5667-3:2018, Water quality — Sampling — Part 3: Preservation and handling of water samples

ISO 6878:2004, Water quality — Determination of phosphorus — Ammonium molybdate spectrometric

method
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
ISO 15681-2:2018(E)

ISO 8466-1, Water quality — Calibration and evaluation of analytical methods and estimation of

performance characteristics — Part 1: Statistical evaluation of the linear calibration function

ISO 8466-2, Water quality — Calibration and evaluation of analytical methods and estimation of

performance characteristics — Part 2: Calibration strategy for non-linear second-order calibration

functions
3 Terms and definitions
No terms and definitions are listed in this document.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
4 Interferences
4.1 General interferences

Refer to ISO 6878:2004, Annex A for a list of general interferences. In addition, or contrary to the cited

standard, the following applies:

a) arsenate causes serious interference: 100 µg/l As, present as arsenate, results in a response

comparable to approximately 30 µg/l P;

b) if the silicate concentration in samples is not greater than 60 times the phosphorus concentration,

interferences by silicate can be neglected;
c) fluoride interference is significant above 50 mg/l;

d) nitrite interference is significant above 5 mg/l; the interference can be eliminated by acidifying

samples after collection;

e) for samples containing high concentrations of oxidizing agents, the amount of added reduction

reagent can be insufficient; in this case, remove the oxidizing material prior to digestion;

f) the self-absorption of the sample can be compensated for by measuring, in addition to the sample

signal (9.6), the signal of the sample without the admixture of the reagents; in this case, the

difference of the two responses is used for the evaluation (Clause 10).
4.2 Interferences in the determination of total-P

Samples containing solids or suspended particles can show low values when analysed by the UV

method, if the particles are not completely transported into the UV unit. The error can be minimized

by stirring the sample immediately before or during sampling, in order to ensure that a representative

sample is delivered into the analyser, and by reducing the particle size.

The interferences from silicate, nitrite, fluoride and iron described for the orthophosphate

determination are generally not observed in the UV method, due to the pre-digestion and the higher

analytical range.

The efficiency of the UV digestion can be affected for water samples with chemical oxygen demand

(COD) values of more than 10 times the highest concentrations of the calibration solutions (6.22). In this

case, the sample should be diluted.
2 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
ISO 15681-2:2018(E)
5 Principle
5.1 Determination of orthophosphate

The sample is mixed with a surfactant solution, followed by an acidic solution containing molybdate

and antimony ions. The resulting phospho-antimony-molybdate complex is reduced by ascorbic acid to

[4][7] [3]

molybdenum blue . The pH of the reaction mixture shall be between pH 0,6 and pH 0,9 .

5.2 Total phosphorus with manual digestion

Phosphorus compounds in the sample are oxidized manually with a potassium peroxodisulfate

solution, in accordance with ISO 6878 or with an equivalent procedure. The resulting orthophosphate

is determined by the molybdenum blue reaction using the colour reaction described in 5.1. The samples

can be neutralized manually in accordance with ISO 6878 or by taking into account the amount of acid

used in this procedure when calculating the acid to be used in the molybdenum reagent.

5.3 Total phosphorus with integral UV digestion and hydrolysis

The sample is mixed with potassium peroxodisulfate and passed through a UV digester, followed by

acid digestion to hydrolyse polyphosphates. The resulting orthophosphate is measured using the colour

[3]

reaction described in 5.1. The pH of the reaction mixture shall be between pH 0,6 and pH 0,9 . The pH

of the reaction mixture is critical to avoid interferences from silicate.
6 Reagents

Use analytical grade chemicals unless otherwise specified. Molybdate and antimony waste solutions

should be disposed properly.
6.1 Water, conforming to grade 1 of ISO 3696.
The phosphate blank value shall be checked (see 9.3).
6.2 Sulfuric acid, H SO .
2 4
6.2.1 Sulfuric acid I, ρ = 1,84 g/ml; 95 % to 98 %.
6.2.2 Sulfuric acid II, c(H SO ) = 2,45 mol/l.
2 4

To approximately 800 ml of water (6.1), carefully add 136 ml of sulfuric acid I (6.2.1) while stirring. Cool

and dilute to 1 000 ml with water (6.1).
6.2.3 Sulfuric acid III, c(H SO ) = 2,45 mol/l.
2 4

To 1 000 ml of sulfuric acid II (6.2.2), add 1 g of sodium dodecyl sulfate (6.7) and mix.

6.3 Sodium hydroxide, NaOH.
6.4 Ammonium heptamolybdate tetrahydrate, (NH ) Mo O ⋅4H O.
4 6 7 24 2
6.5 Antimony potassium tartrate trihydrate, K (SbO) C H O ⋅3H O.
2 2 8 4 10 2
6.6 Ascorbic acid, C H O .
6 8 6
6.7 Sodium dodecyl sulfate, NaC H SO .
12 25 4
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
ISO 15681-2:2018(E)
6.8 Potassium peroxodisulfate, K S O .
2 2 8

6.9 Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, KH PO , dried at 105 °C ± 5 °C to constant mass.

2 4
6.10 Potassium pyrophosphate, K P O .
4 2 7
6.11 Organophosphorus compounds, to check the UV digestion.
6.11.1 Pyridoxal-5-phosphate monohydrate, C H NO P⋅H O.
8 10 6 2
6.11.2 Disodium phenylphosphate, C H Na PO .
6 5 2 4
6.12 Surfactant solutions.
6.12.1 Surfactant solution I, see (A) or (B) in Figure A.1.

Dissolve 1 g of sodium dodecyl sulfate (6.7) in about 800 ml of water (6.1) and dilute to 1 000 ml with

water (6.1).
The solution is stable for six months if stored at room temperature.
6.12.2 Surfactant solution II, see (A) or (B) in Figure A.1.

Dissolve 10 g of sodium dodecyl sulfate (6.7) in about 800 ml of water (6.1) and dilute to 1 000 ml with

water (6.1).
The solution is stable for six months if stored at room temperature.
6.13 Molybdate solution.

Dissolve 40 g of ammonium heptamolybdate tetrahydrate (6.4) in about 800 ml of water (6.1) and dilute

to 1 000 ml with water (6.1).

Do not use a metal spatula when weighing the ammonium heptamolybdate tetrahydrate (6.4). The

solution is stable for three months if stored at room temperature. Avoid any contact between metal and

the ammonium heptamolybdate.
6.14 Antimony potassium tartrate solution.

Dissolve 2,5 g of antimony potassium tartrate trihydrate (6.5) in about 800 ml of water (6.1) and dilute

to 1 000 ml with water (6.1).
The solution is stable for three months if stored at room temperature.
6.15 Antimony tartrate molybdate reagents.

6.15.1 Antimony tartrate molybdate reagent I, for determination of orthophosphate and total P after

manual digestion (R1 in Figure A.1).

Mix 500 ml of sulfuric acid II (6.2.2), 150 ml of molybdate solution (6.13) and 50 ml of antimony

potassium tartrate solution (6.14).
The solution is stable for two weeks if stored at room temperature.
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6.15.2 Antimony tartrate molybdate reagent II, for total phosphorus determination after integrated

UV digestion (R5 in Figure A.2).

Add to 440 ml sulfuric acid solution II (6.2.2), 150 ml molybdate solution (6.13) and 90 ml of antimony

potassium tartrate trihydrate solution (6.14) and dilute with water (6.1) to 1 000 ml.

The solution is stable for two weeks if stored in a polyethylene bottle at room temperature.

6.15.3 Antimony tartrate molybdate reagent III, for total phosphorus determination after integrated

UV digestion (R4 in Figure A.3).

Add to 220 ml sulfuric acid solution II (6.2.2), 150 ml molybdate solution (6.13) and 90 ml of antimony

potassium tartrate trihydrate solution (6.14) and dilute with water (6.1) to 1 000 ml.

The solution is stable for two weeks if stored in a polyethylene bottle at room temperature.

6.16 Ascorbic acid solution I, (R2 in Figure A.1).

Dissolve 1 g of ascorbic acid (6.6) in about 80 ml of water (6.1) and bring to a volume of 100 ml with

water (6.1). Store in the dark. Prepare the solution daily before use.
6.17 Ascorbic acid solution II, (R6 in Figure A.2 and R5 in Figure A.3).

Dissolve 1,1 g of ascorbic acid (6.6) in about 80 ml of water (6.1), add 0,1 g of sodium dodecyl sulfate (6.7)

and dilute with water (6.1) to 100 ml. Store in the dark. Prepare the solution daily before use.

6.18 Digestion reagent, for the determination of total phosphorus after integrated UV digestion, (R1 in

Figures A.2 and A.3).

Dissolve 5 g of potassium peroxodisulfate (6.8) in about 900 ml of water (6.1). Adjust the pH to 1,1 to 1,2

with sulfuric acid II (6.2.2), cool and dilute with water (6.1) to 1 000 ml.
The solution is stable for two weeks if stored at room temperature.
6.19 Orthophosphate stock solution I, ρ = 50,0 mg/l orthophosphate-P.

Dissolve 220 mg ± 1 mg of potassium dihydrogenphosphate (6.9) in water (6.1) and dilute with

water (6.1) to 1 000 ml. Store in a tightly closed glass bottle.
The solution is stable for two months if stored at 3 °C ± 2 °C.
6.20 Orthophosphate stock solution II, ρ = 10,0 mg/l P.

Dilute 20 ml of solution (6.19) to 100 ml with water (6.1). Prepare the solution daily before use.

6.21 Orthophosphate stock solution III, ρ = 1,00 mg/l P.

Dilute 2 ml of solution (6.19) to 100 ml with water (6.1). Prepare the solution daily before use.

6.22 Calibration solutions.

Prepare at least five calibration solutions by diluting solutions 6.19 to 6.21 according to the range

required.
Ranges:
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SIST EN ISO 15681-2:2019
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For orthophosphate-P: range II: 0,01 mg/l to 0,10 mg/l P
range I: 0,10 mg/l to 1,00 mg/l P
For total-P: range II: 0,10 mg/l to 1,00 mg/l P
range I: 1,00 mg/l to 10,0 mg/l P

This range is used for very clean water samples like surface- or drinking waters.

Tables 1 to 3 give examples
...

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