Nanotechnologies - Vocabulary - Part 4: Nanostructured materials (ISO/TS 80004-4:2011)

This Technical Specification gives terms and definitions for materials in the field of nanotechnologies where one or more components are nanoscale regions and the materials exhibit properties attributable to the presence of those nanoscale regions. It is intended to facilitate communications between organizations and individuals in industry and those who interact with them.
Materials have topographical or compositional features at the nanoscale, but this is not sufficient to classify the material as nanostructured. Materials classified as nanostructured have an internal or surface structure with a significant fraction of features, grains, voids or precipitates in the nanoscale. Articles that contain nano-objects or nanostructured materials are not necessarily nanostructured materials themselves.
This Technical Specification includes nanodispersion.

Nanotechnologien - Fachwörterverzeichnis - Teil 4: Nanostrukturierte Materialien (ISO/TS 80004-4:2011)

In dieser Technischen Spezifikation sind Begriffe für Materialien auf dem Gebiet der Nanotechnologie angeführt, wobei einer Komponente oder mehreren Komponenten nanoskalige Bereiche zugeordnet sind; die Materialien zeigen Eigenschaften, die auf das Vorhandensein dieser Bereiche im Nanomaßstab zurückzuführen sind. Diese Spezifikation ist dafür vorgesehen, die Kommunikation zwischen Organisationen und Einzelpersonen in der Industrie und den Partnern, die mit ihnen zusammenarbeiten, zu vereinfachen.
Die Materialien haben topographische oder kompositorische Merkmale im Nanomaßstab, was jedoch nicht ausreicht, das Material als nanostrukturiert zu klassifizieren. Materialien, die als nanostrukturiert bezeichnet werden, haben in ihrer inneren Struktur oder in ihrer Oberflächenstruktur einen signifikanten Anteil an nanoskaligen Merkmalen, Körnern, Hohlräumen oder Ausscheidungen. Erzeugnisse, die herstellungsbedingt Nanoobjekte oder nanostrukturierte Materialien enthalten, müssen nicht selber nanostrukturierte Materialien sein.
Diese Technische Spezifikation schließt Nanodispersion ein.

Nanotechnologies - Vocabulaire - Partie 4: Matériaux nanostructurés (ISO/TS 80004-4:2011)

L'ISO/TS 80004-4:2011 établit les termes et définitions relatifs aux matériaux du domaine des nanotechnologies, c'est-à-dire les matériaux qui comprennent une ou plusieurs régions à l'échelle nanométrique et qui présentent des propriétés imputables à la présence de ces régions à l'échelle nanométrique. Elle est destinée à faciliter la communication entre les organismes et les individus du secteur industriel et leurs interlocuteurs.
Les matériaux possèdent des caractéristiques topographiques et de composition à l'échelle nanométrique, mais ce critère n'est pas suffisant pour qu'ils soient classés parmi les matériaux nanostructurés. Les articles qui contiennent des nano-objets ou des matériaux nanostructurés ne sont pas nécessairement eux-mêmes des matériaux nanostructurés.
L'ISO/TS 80004-4:2011 inclut la nanodispersion.

Nanotehnologije - Slovar - 4. del: Nanostrukturirani materiali (ISO/TS 80004-4:2011)

Ta tehnična specifikacija podaja izraze in definicije za materiale na področju nanotehnologij, pri čemer je ena ali več komponent nanovelikosti, materiali pa kažejo lastnosti, ki jih je mogoče pripisati prisotnosti teh predelov v nanovelikosti. Namenjena je lajšanju komuniciranja med organizacijami in posamezniki v industriji ter osebami, ki stopajo v stike z njimi.
Materiali imajo topografske ali kompozicijske lastnosti v nanomerilu, a to ni dovolj, da se material razvrsti kot nanostrukturiran. Materiali, ki so razvrščeni kot nanostrukturirani, imajo notranjo ali površinsko strukturo z velikim deležem lastnosti, zrn, praznin ali izločkov v nanomerilu. Izdelki, ki vsebujejo nanogradnike ali nanostrukturirane materiale, niso nujno tudi sami nanostrukturirani materiali.
Ta tehnična specifikacija zajema nanorazpršenost.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
06-Nov-2014
Publication Date
18-Jan-2015
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
06-Jan-2015
Due Date
13-Mar-2015
Completion Date
19-Jan-2015

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-4:2015
01-februar-2015

Nanotehnologije - Slovar - 4. del: Nanostrukturirani materiali (ISO/TS 80004-4:2011)

Nanotechnologies - Vocabulary - Part 4: Nanostructured materials (ISO/TS 80004-
4:2011)
Nanotechnologien - Fachwörterverzeichnis - Teil 4: Nanostrukturierte Materialien
(ISO/TS 80004-4:2011)

Nanotechnologies - Vocabulaire - Partie 4: Matériaux nanostructurés (ISO/TS 80004-

4:2011)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN ISO/TS 80004-4:2014
ICS:
01.040.07 Naravoslovne in uporabne Natural and applied sciences
vede (Slovarji) (Vocabularies)
07.120 Nanotehnologije Nanotechnologies
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-4:2015 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-4:2015
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
CEN ISO/TS 80004-4
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
December 2014
ICS 07.030; 01.040.07
English Version
Nanotechnologies - Vocabulary - Part 4: Nanostructured
materials (ISO/TS 80004-4:2011)

Nanotechnologies - Vocabulaire - Partie 4: Matériaux Nanotechnologien - Fachwörterverzeichnis - Teil 4:

nanostructurés (ISO/TS 80004-4:2011) Nanostrukturierte Materialien (ISO/TS 80004-4:2011)

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 8 December 2014 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to submit their

comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS available

promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in parallel to the CEN/TS)

until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN ISO/TS 80004-4:2014 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-4:2015
CEN ISO/TS 80004-4:2014 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

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CEN ISO/TS 80004-4:2014 (E)
Foreword

The text of ISO/TS 80004-4:2011 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 229

“Nanotechnologies” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as

CEN ISO/TS 80004-4:2014 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 352 “Nanotechnologies” the secretariat of which

is held by AFNOR.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to announce this Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,

Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany,

Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO/TS 80004-4:2011 has been approved by CEN as CEN ISO/TS 80004-4:2014 without any

modification.
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-4:2015
TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 80004-4
First edition
2011-12-01
Nanotechnologies — Vocabulary —
Part 4:
Nanostructured materials
Nanotechnologies — Vocabulaire —
Partie 4: Matériaux nanostructurés
Reference number
ISO/TS 80004-4:2011(E)
ISO 2011
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-4:2015
ISO/TS 80004-4:2011(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2011

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56  CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2011 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TS 80004-4:2011(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

In other circumstances, particularly when there is an urgent market requirement for such documents, a

technical committee may decide to publish other types of document:

 an ISO Publicly Available Specification (ISO/PAS) represents an agreement between technical experts in

an ISO working group and is accepted for publication if it is approved by more than 50 % of the members

of the parent committee casting a vote;

 an ISO Technical Specification (ISO/TS) represents an agreement between the members of a technical

committee and is accepted for publication if it is approved by 2/3 of the members of the committee casting

a vote.

An ISO/PAS or ISO/TS is reviewed after three years in order to decide whether it will be confirmed for a

further three years, revised to become an International Standard, or withdrawn. If the ISO/PAS or ISO/TS is

confirmed, it is reviewed again after a further three years, at which time it must either be transformed into an

International Standard or be withdrawn.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO/TS 80004-4 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 229, Nanotechnologies.

ISO/TS 80004 consists of the following parts, under the general title Nanotechnologies — Vocabulary:

 Part 1: Core terms
 Part 3: Carbon nano-objects
 Part 4: Nanostructured materials
 Part 5: Nano/bio interface
 Part 7: Diagnostics and therapeutics for healthcare
© ISO 2011 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/TS 80004-4:2011(E)
The following parts are under preparation:
 Part 2: Nano-objects: Nanoparticle, nanofibre and nanoplate
 Part 6: Nanoscale measurement and instrumentation
 Part 8: Nanomanufacturing processes

1) ISO/TS 27687:2008, Nanotechnologies — Terminology and definitions for nano-objects — Nanoparticle, nanofibre

and nanoplate, will be revised as ISO 80004-2.
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ISO/TS 80004-4:2011(E)
Introduction

With increasing scientific knowledge and a growing number of technical terms in this field, the purpose of this

Technical Specification is to define important terms for nanostructured materials.

Nanostructured materials are characterized by internal structures or surface structures at the nanoscale.

Nano-objects (material with one, two or three external dimensions in the nanoscale) can be nanostructured.

A material should not be classified as nanostructured based solely on its crystalline properties

(three-dimensional arrangements of atoms or molecules forming a crystallite, short range order of atoms in

amorphous or quasi-amorphous phases, grain boundaries, intragranular interfaces, dislocations, etc.). In

contrast, materials with a grain size distribution having a significant fraction of grains in the nanoscale

(nanocrystalline), voids and pores in the nanoscale, or precipitations in the nanoscale (i.e. nano-objects in a

solid matrix) are sufficient features for materials to be classified as “nanostructured” (see

ISO/TS 80004-1:2010, 2.4, nanomaterial). Similarly, almost all materials always have surfaces with

morphological and chemical heterogeneities in the nanoscale. Only surfaces that have been intentionally

modified or textured to have morphological or chemical heterogeneities in the nanoscale identify materials as

“nanostructured”.

Five categories of nanostructured materials are covered in this Technical Specification (see Figure 1):

1) nanostructured powder;
2) nanocomposite;
3) solid nanofoam;
4) nanoporous material;
5) fluid nanodispersion.

For some of these five categories, a number of subcategory terms are also defined. The category and

subcategory terms are not comprehensive; additional categories and subcategories will be added in later

revisions of this Technical Specification.
General terms Nanostructured material
nanostructured
nanophase
nanopore
nanodispersion
nanofoam
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5
nanostructured nanocomposite solid nanofoam nanoporous fluid
powder material nanodispersion

Figure 1 — Categories of nanostructured materials defined in this Technical Specification

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ISO/TS 80004-4:2011(E)

In both nanopowders and fluid nanodispersions, the nano-objects (or their aggregates or agglomerates) are

arranged in a non-random distribution (generating a short-range order, i.e. a structure). Also, it is recognized

that in many cases the nano-objects (or their aggregates or agglomerates) will interact with the molecules of

the liquid (particularly in polar liquids) in a thin boundary layer on the surface of each particle. The

homogeneity of properties in the liquid is modified in terms of a “nanostructure”. The effects can be revealed

by physico-chemical measurements.

If, on the other hand, the liquid medium serves as a background and there is no particular interrelation among

the nano-objects contained within it, then such a nanosuspension is not considered “nanostructured” as a

whole but rather just as an ensemble of nano-objects. In this sense, the term “nanosuspension” as defined

here recognizes a grey zone between nanostructured material and a material consisting of nano-objects.

Overall, the conclusion was that the term “nanosuspension” should be included in this Technical Specification

because of its current and expanding usage to describe materials in the field.
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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 80004-4:2011(E)
Nanotechnologies — Vocabulary —
Part 4:
Nanostructured materials
1 Scope

This Technical Specification gives terms and definitions for materials in the field of nanotechnologies where

one or more components are nanoscale regions and the materials exhibit properties attributable to the

presence of those nanoscale regions. It is intended to facilitate communications between organizations and

individuals in industry and those who interact with them.

Materials have topographical or compositional features at the nanoscale, but this is not sufficient to classify

the material as nanostructured. Materials classified as nanostructured have an internal or surface structure

with a significant fraction of features, grains, voids or precipitates in the nanoscale. Articles that contain nano-

objects or nanostructured materials are not necessarily nanostructured materials themselves.

This Technical Specification includes nanodispersion.
2 Basic terms used in the description of nanostructured material
2.1
nanoscale
size range from approximately 1 nm to 100 nm

NOTE 1 Properties that are not extrapolations from a larger size will typically, but not exclusively, be exhibited in this

size range. For such properties the size limits are considered approximate.

NOTE 2 The lower limit in this definition (approximately 1 nm) is introduced to avoid single and small groups of atoms

from being designated as nano-objects or elements of nanostructures, which might be implied by the absence of a lower

limit.
[ISO/TS 80004-1:2010, definition 2.1]
2.2
nano-object
material with one, two or three external dimensions in the nanoscale (2.1)
NOTE Generic term for all discrete nanoscale objects.
[ISO/TS 80004-1:2010, definition 2.5]
2.3
nanomaterial

material with any external dimension in the nanoscale (2.1) or having internal structure or surface structure in

the nanoscale
NOTE This ge
...

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