Digital Terrestrial TV Transmitters - Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum

REN/ERM-TG17-162

Digitalni prizemni TV-oddajniki - Harmonizirani standard za dostop do radijskega spektra

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Mar-2020
Publication Date
29-Jun-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
14-Jun-2021
Due Date
19-Aug-2021
Completion Date
30-Jun-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 302 296 V2.2.1:2021
01-september-2021
Digitalni prizemni TV-oddajniki - Harmonizirani standard za dostop do radijskega
spektra

Digital Terrestrial TV Transmitters - Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
ICS:
33.060.20 Sprejemna in oddajna Receiving and transmitting
oprema equipment
33.170 Televizijska in radijska Television and radio
difuzija broadcasting
SIST EN 302 296 V2.2.1:2021 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 296 V2.2.1:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 296 V2.2.1:2021
ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD
Digital Terrestrial TV Transmitters;
Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 296 V2.2.1:2021
2 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
Reference
REN/ERM-TG17-162
Keywords
broadcasting, digital, harmonised standard, radio,
regulation, terrestrial, transmitter, TV, video
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - APE 7112B
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° w061004871
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the prevailing version of an ETSI

deliverable is the one made publicly available in PDF format at www.etsi.org/deliver.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

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If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

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Notice of disclaimer & limitation of liability

The information provided in the present deliverable is directed solely to professionals who have the appropriate degree of

experience to understand and interpret its content in accordance with generally accepted engineering or

other professional standard and applicable regulations.

No recommendation as to products and services or vendors is made or should be implied.

In no event shall ETSI be held liable for loss of profits or any other incidental or consequential damages.

Any software contained in this deliverable is provided "AS IS" with no warranties, express or implied, including but not

limited to, the warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement of intellectual property

rights and ETSI shall not be held liable in any event for any damages whatsoever (including, without limitation, damages

for loss of profits, business interruption, loss of information, or any other pecuniary loss) arising out of or related to the use

of or inability to use the software.
Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and

microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2021.
All rights reserved.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 296 V2.2.1:2021
3 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 6

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 7

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 7

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 8

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 8

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 8

3.2 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 10

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4 Technical requirements specifications ................................................................................................... 10

4.1 Environmental profile ....................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2 Conformance requirements .............................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.2 Spurious emissions ..................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.2.1 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.2.2 Limits .................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.2.3 Conformance test .................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2.3 Out-of-band emissions ................................................................................................................................ 12

4.2.3.1 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2.3.2 Classification of transmitters ................................................................................................................. 13

4.2.3.3 Limits .................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.2.3.4 Conformance test .................................................................................................................................. 17

5 Testing for compliance with technical requirements .............................................................................. 17

5.1 Environmental conditions for testing ............................................................................................................... 17

5.2 Void .................................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.3 Test conditions ................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.3.1 Test frequency range ................................................................................................................................... 17

5.3.2 Test modulation signal ................................................................................................................................ 18

5.4 Essential radio test suites .................................................................................................................................. 18

5.4.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.4.2 Spurious emissions ..................................................................................................................................... 18

5.4.2.1 Measurement approaches ...................................................................................................................... 18

5.4.2.2 Initial conditions ................................................................................................................................... 18

5.4.2.3 Test procedure ....................................................................................................................................... 19

5.4.2.4 Test requirements .................................................................................................................................. 19

5.4.2.5 Test arrangement ................................................................................................................................... 19

5.4.3 Out-of-band emissions ................................................................................................................................ 20

5.4.3.1 Initial conditions ................................................................................................................................... 20

5.4.3.2 Test procedure ....................................................................................................................................... 20

5.4.3.3 Test requirements .................................................................................................................................. 20

5.4.3.4 Test arrangement ................................................................................................................................... 20

Annex A (informative): Relationship between the present document and the essential

requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU ......................................................... 21

Annex B (informative): Void ................................................................................................................. 22

Annex C (informative): Practical measurement of spurious domain emissions for broadcast

transmitters .................................................................................................... 23

C.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 23

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 296 V2.2.1:2021
4 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)

C.1 Directional coupler issues ...................................................................................................................... 23

C.2 Spectrum analyser settings ..................................................................................................................... 25

C.3 Composite measurement of spurious emissions ..................................................................................... 25

Annex D (informative): Practical Measurement of out-of-band Domain Emissions ........................ 26

D.1 Composite measurement of out-of-band emissions ............................................................................... 26

D.2 System considerations ............................................................................................................................ 27

D.3 Spectrum analyser settings for OOB measurements .............................................................................. 28

D.4 OOB domain emissions - typical spectrum analyser traces ................................................................... 28

D.5 ACLR measurement ............................................................................................................................... 29

Annex E (informative): Impact of ACLR of low power broadcast transmitters on adjacent

DVB-T/T2 services for co-sited networks .................................................... 30

E.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 30

E.1 Equipment Configuration ....................................................................................................................... 30

E.2 Results .................................................................................................................................................... 31

E.3 Theoretical impact of MER on END ...................................................................................................... 32

E.4 Conclusions ............................................................................................................................................ 32

Annex F (informative): Maximum measurement uncertainty ........................................................... 33

Annex G (informative): Bibliography ................................................................................................... 34

Annex H (informative): Change history ............................................................................................... 35

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 36

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 296 V2.2.1:2021
5 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The declarations

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, are publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be

found in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to

ETSI in respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the

ETSI Web server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI Directives including the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation regarding the essentiality of IPRs,

including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not

referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web server) which are, or may be, or may become,

essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

DECT™, PLUGTESTS™, UMTS™ and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its

Members. 3GPP™ and LTE™ are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP

Organizational Partners. oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the

oneM2M Partners. GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.

Foreword

This Harmonised European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Electromagnetic

compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM).

The present document has been prepared under the Commission's standardisation request C(2015) 5376 final [i.3] to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to the essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU on the harmonisation

of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing

Directive 1999/5/EC [i.2].

Once the present document is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive, compliance with

the normative clauses of the present document given in table A.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of the present

document, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that Directive and associated

EFTA regulations.
National transposition dates
Date of adoption of this EN: 18 May 2021
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 31 August 2021
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 28 February 2022
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 28 February 2023
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 296 V2.2.1:2021
6 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

Introduction

The present document has been produced to update the existing ETSI EN 302 296 in line with the requirements of

article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2].
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 296 V2.2.1:2021
7 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
1 Scope

The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for digital terrestrial television

transmitters as defined in table 1.1 and in table 1.2. The power classification (table 1.1) and emission classification

(table 1.2) are combined to define a transmitter category. For example, power classification H and emission

classification 0 denote a high power transmitter (category H0) whose OOB emissions comply with a non-critical mask.

Table 1.1: Transmitter power classification
Power Class Description Notes

H High power transmitter Transmitter with an output power ≥ 25 W operating in the

VHF band (174 MHz to 230 MHz) or UHF band (470 MHz to
694 MHz).
L Low power transmitter Transmitter with an output power < 25 W operating in the
VHF band (174 MHz to 230 MHz) or UHF band (470 MHz to
694 MHz).
Table 1.2: Transmitter emission classification
Emission
Conformance approach Notes
Classification
0 Non-critical mask For high power transmitters, the mask defines the level of
the OOB emissions relative to the channel power (dBc). For
low power transmitters the mask defines the absolute power
limit of the OOB emissions (dBm). The former approach is
mandated by RRC-06 (non-critical case) [i.4] for transmitters
subject to coordination.
1 Critical mask A similar but more stringent approach based on ITU RRC-06
(sensitive case) [i.4].
2 Non-critical ACLR A set of ACLR limits defining permitted relative emission
levels into adjacent channels.
3 Critical ACLR A set of more stringent ACLR limits defining permitted
relative emission levels into adjacent channels.

NOTE: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive

2014/53/EU [i.2] is given in annex A.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

Not applicable.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 296 V2.2.1:2021
8 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] ETSI TR 101 290 (V1.2.1) (05-2001): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Measurement

guidelines for DVB systems".

[i.2] Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on the

harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of

radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC.

[i.3] Commission Implementing Decision C(2015) 5376 final of 4.8.2015 on a standardisation request

to the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation and to the European

Telecommunications Standards Institute as regards radio equipment in support of Directive

2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council.

[i.4] ITU RRC-06: "Final Acts of the Regional Radiocommunication Conference for planning of the

digital terrestrial broadcasting service in parts of Regions 1 and 3, in the frequency bands

174-230 MHz and 470-862 MHz", Geneva, 15 May - 16 June 2006.

[i.5] ETSI EN 300 744 (V1.6.2) (10-2015): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Framing structure,

channel coding and modulation for digital terrestrial television".

[i.6] ETSI EN 302 755 (V1.4.1) (07-2015): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Frame structure

channel coding and modulation for a second generation digital terrestrial television broadcasting

system (DVB-T2)".

[i.7] ETSI TR 100 028 (all parts) (V1.4.1) (12-2001): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio

spectrum Matters (ERM); Uncertainties in the measurement of mobile radio equipment

characteristics".

[i.8] ETSI TR 100 028-2 (V1.4.1) (12-2001): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum

Matters (ERM); Uncertainties in the measurement of mobile radio equipment characteristics;

Part 2".

[i.9] EN 55016-4-2:2011/A1:2014: "Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring

apparatus and methods. Part 4-2: Uncertainties, statistics and limit modelling - Measurement

instrumentation uncertainty", produced by CENELEC.

[i.10] Recommendation ITU-R SM.329-12 (09/2012): "Unwanted emissions in the spurious domain".

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms

For the purposes of the present document, the terms given in Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2] and the following apply:

adjacent channel leakage ratio: ratio of the wanted mean power of the DVB-T/T2 signal to the unwanted mean power

measured in the receiver bandwidth of a given adjacent victim service

antenna port: port of an apparatus intended to be connected to an antenna using coaxial cable or coaxial line; typically

the output of the channel filter or combiner

carrier power: mean power supplied to the antenna port by a transmitter with COFDM

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 296 V2.2.1:2021
9 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
channel bandwidth: bandwidth supporting a single DVB-T or DVB-T2 signal
NOTE: There are two possible channel bandwidths: 7 MHz or 8 MHz.

composite approach: measurement method whereby the power amplifier emissions are measured separately to the

frequency response of subsequent frequency selective components and the overall emissions of the transmitter are

calculated by combining the two sets of measurements

co-sited: DVB-T/T2 transmitters which are located at the same physical site so minimizing the effects of adjacent

channel interference
critical mask: mask used for the sensitive case in ITU RRC-06 [i.4]
dBc: decibels relative to the mean power P of the emission

digital signal: discretely timed signal in which information is represented by a finite number of well-defined discrete

values that its characteristic quantities may take in time

digital television: television in which all information is represented by a digital signal

environmental profile: range of environmental conditions under which equipment is expected to operate within the

scope of the present document

harmonic: component of order greater than 1 of the Fourier series of a periodic quantity

high power transmitter: transmitter whose output power is greater than or equal to 25 W

NOTE: This category of transmitter also includes medium power category of transmitters as defined in ITU-R.

intermodulation products: unwanted frequencies resulting from intermodulation between carriers or harmonics of

emission, or between any oscillations generated to produce the carrier
low power transmitter: transmitter whose output power is less than 25 W

mean power: average power supplied to the antenna port by a transmitter during an interval of time sufficiently long

compared with the lowest frequency encountered in the modulation taken under normal operating conditions

moding: operation of a coaxial component in unwanted waveguide modes (e.g. Transverse Electric (TE) or Transverse

Magnetic (TM)) resulting in anomalous behaviour from that associated with the intended Transverse Electromagnetic

(TEM) mode

necessary bandwidth: for a given class of emission, the width of the frequency band which is sufficient to ensure the

transmission of information at the rate and with the quality required under specified conditions

non-critical mask: mask used for the non-critical case in ITU RRC-06 [i.4]

OOB emissions: unwanted emissions which fall at frequencies separated from the centre frequency of the wanted

emission by less than or equal to 250 % of the channel bandwidth

output power: conducted power delivered by a transmitter under specified conditions of operation

receiver bandwidth: bandwidth used for victim service ACLR measurements, i.e. 7,6 MHz for 8 MHz DVB-T,

6,7 MHz for 7 MHz DVB-T, 7,8 MHz for 8 MHz DVB-T2, 6,8 MHz for 7 MHz DVB-T2 and 9 MHz for LTE

reference bandwidth: bandwidth in which the emission level is specified

spurious domain emissions: unwanted emissions at frequencies separated by more than 250 % of the channel

bandwidth from the centre of the occupied spectrum
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 296 V2.2.1:2021
10 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
3.2 Symbols
For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
m milli
μ micro
n nano
" inch
3.3 Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in ETSI EN 300 744 [i.5], ETSI EN 302 755 [i.6] and

the following apply:
ACLR Adjacent Channel Leakage Ratio
COFDM Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
CSV Comma Separated Values
dB Logarithmic ratio (tenths of a "Bel")
dBm dB relative to one milliwatt
DIN Deutsches Institut fur Normung
DTT Digital Terrestrial Television
DVB Digital Video Broadcasting
DVB-T Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial
DVB-T2 Digital Video Broadcasting - Second Generation Terrestrial
EFTA European Free Trade Association
END Equivalent Noise Degradation
EUT Equipment Under Test
FFT Fast Fourier Transform
GHz GigaHertz
ITU International Telecommunication Union
ITU-R International Telecommunication Union - Radiocommunication
kHz kiloHertz
LTE Long Term Evolution
MER Modulation Error Ratio
MHz MegaHertz
OF Output Filter
OOB Out-Of-Band
PA Power Amplifier
QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
RBW Reference Bandwidth
RF Radio Frequency
RMS Root Mean Square
RRC Regional Radiocommunication Conference
TV TeleVision
UHF Ultra High Frequency
VBW Video Bandwidth
VHF Very High Frequency
W Watt
4 Technical requirements specifications
4.1 Environmental profile

The technical requirements of the present document apply under the environmental profile for operation of the

equipment, which shall be in accordance with its intended use. The equipment shall comply with all the technical

requirements of the present document at all times when operating within the boundary limits of the operational

environmental profile defined by its intended use.
...

ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD
Digital Terrestrial TV Transmitters;
Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
Reference
REN/ERM-TG17-162
Keywords
broadcasting, digital, harmonised standard, radio,
regulation, terrestrial, transmitter, TV, video
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - APE 7112B
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° w061004871
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the prevailing version of an ETSI

deliverable is the one made publicly available in PDF format at www.etsi.org/deliver.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

https://portal.etsi.org/TB/ETSIDeliverableStatus.aspx

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

https://portal.etsi.org/People/CommiteeSupportStaff.aspx
Notice of disclaimer & limitation of liability

The information provided in the present deliverable is directed solely to professionals who have the appropriate degree of

experience to understand and interpret its content in accordance with generally accepted engineering or

other professional standard and applicable regulations.

No recommendation as to products and services or vendors is made or should be implied.

In no event shall ETSI be held liable for loss of profits or any other incidental or consequential damages.

Any software contained in this deliverable is provided "AS IS" with no warranties, express or implied, including but not

limited to, the warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement of intellectual property

rights and ETSI shall not be held liable in any event for any damages whatsoever (including, without limitation, damages

for loss of profits, business interruption, loss of information, or any other pecuniary loss) arising out of or related to the use

of or inability to use the software.
Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and

microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2021.
All rights reserved.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 6

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 7

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 7

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 8

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 8

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 8

3.2 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 10

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4 Technical requirements specifications ................................................................................................... 10

4.1 Environmental profile ....................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2 Conformance requirements .............................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.2 Spurious emissions ..................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.2.1 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.2.2 Limits .................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.2.3 Conformance test .................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2.3 Out-of-band emissions ................................................................................................................................ 12

4.2.3.1 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2.3.2 Classification of transmitters ................................................................................................................. 13

4.2.3.3 Limits .................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.2.3.4 Conformance test .................................................................................................................................. 17

5 Testing for compliance with technical requirements .............................................................................. 17

5.1 Environmental conditions for testing ............................................................................................................... 17

5.2 Void .................................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.3 Test conditions ................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.3.1 Test frequency range ................................................................................................................................... 17

5.3.2 Test modulation signal ................................................................................................................................ 18

5.4 Essential radio test suites .................................................................................................................................. 18

5.4.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.4.2 Spurious emissions ..................................................................................................................................... 18

5.4.2.1 Measurement approaches ...................................................................................................................... 18

5.4.2.2 Initial conditions ................................................................................................................................... 18

5.4.2.3 Test procedure ....................................................................................................................................... 19

5.4.2.4 Test requirements .................................................................................................................................. 19

5.4.2.5 Test arrangement ................................................................................................................................... 19

5.4.3 Out-of-band emissions ................................................................................................................................ 20

5.4.3.1 Initial conditions ................................................................................................................................... 20

5.4.3.2 Test procedure ....................................................................................................................................... 20

5.4.3.3 Test requirements .................................................................................................................................. 20

5.4.3.4 Test arrangement ................................................................................................................................... 20

Annex A (informative): Relationship between the present document and the essential

requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU ......................................................... 21

Annex B (informative): Void ................................................................................................................. 22

Annex C (informative): Practical measurement of spurious domain emissions for broadcast

transmitters .................................................................................................... 23

C.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 23

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)

C.1 Directional coupler issues ...................................................................................................................... 23

C.2 Spectrum analyser settings ..................................................................................................................... 25

C.3 Composite measurement of spurious emissions ..................................................................................... 25

Annex D (informative): Practical Measurement of out-of-band Domain Emissions ........................ 26

D.1 Composite measurement of out-of-band emissions ............................................................................... 26

D.2 System considerations ............................................................................................................................ 27

D.3 Spectrum analyser settings for OOB measurements .............................................................................. 28

D.4 OOB domain emissions - typical spectrum analyser traces ................................................................... 28

D.5 ACLR measurement ............................................................................................................................... 29

Annex E (informative): Impact of ACLR of low power broadcast transmitters on adjacent

DVB-T/T2 services for co-sited networks .................................................... 30

E.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 30

E.1 Equipment Configuration ....................................................................................................................... 30

E.2 Results .................................................................................................................................................... 31

E.3 Theoretical impact of MER on END ...................................................................................................... 32

E.4 Conclusions ............................................................................................................................................ 32

Annex F (informative): Maximum measurement uncertainty ........................................................... 33

Annex G (informative): Bibliography ................................................................................................... 34

Annex H (informative): Change history ............................................................................................... 35

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 36

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The declarations

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, are publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be

found in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to

ETSI in respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the

ETSI Web server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI Directives including the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation regarding the essentiality of IPRs,

including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not

referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web server) which are, or may be, or may become,

essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

DECT™, PLUGTESTS™, UMTS™ and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its

Members. 3GPP™ and LTE™ are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP

Organizational Partners. oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the

oneM2M Partners. GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.

Foreword

This Harmonised European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Electromagnetic

compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM).

The present document has been prepared under the Commission's standardisation request C(2015) 5376 final [i.3] to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to the essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU on the harmonisation

of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing

Directive 1999/5/EC [i.2].

Once the present document is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive, compliance with

the normative clauses of the present document given in table A.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of the present

document, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that Directive and associated

EFTA regulations.
National transposition dates
Date of adoption of this EN: 18 May 2021
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 31 August 2021
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 28 February 2022
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 28 February 2023
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

Introduction

The present document has been produced to update the existing ETSI EN 302 296 in line with the requirements of

article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2].
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
7 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
1 Scope

The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for digital terrestrial television

transmitters as defined in table 1.1 and in table 1.2. The power classification (table 1.1) and emission classification

(table 1.2) are combined to define a transmitter category. For example, power classification H and emission

classification 0 denote a high power transmitter (category H0) whose OOB emissions comply with a non-critical mask.

Table 1.1: Transmitter power classification
Power Class Description Notes

H High power transmitter Transmitter with an output power ≥ 25 W operating in the

VHF band (174 MHz to 230 MHz) or UHF band (470 MHz to
694 MHz).
L Low power transmitter Transmitter with an output power < 25 W operating in the
VHF band (174 MHz to 230 MHz) or UHF band (470 MHz to
694 MHz).
Table 1.2: Transmitter emission classification
Emission
Conformance approach Notes
Classification
0 Non-critical mask For high power transmitters, the mask defines the level of
the OOB emissions relative to the channel power (dBc). For
low power transmitters the mask defines the absolute power
limit of the OOB emissions (dBm). The former approach is
mandated by RRC-06 (non-critical case) [i.4] for transmitters
subject to coordination.
1 Critical mask A similar but more stringent approach based on ITU RRC-06
(sensitive case) [i.4].
2 Non-critical ACLR A set of ACLR limits defining permitted relative emission
levels into adjacent channels.
3 Critical ACLR A set of more stringent ACLR limits defining permitted
relative emission levels into adjacent channels.

NOTE: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive

2014/53/EU [i.2] is given in annex A.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

Not applicable.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
8 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] ETSI TR 101 290 (V1.2.1) (05-2001): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Measurement

guidelines for DVB systems".

[i.2] Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on the

harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of

radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC.

[i.3] Commission Implementing Decision C(2015) 5376 final of 4.8.2015 on a standardisation request

to the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation and to the European

Telecommunications Standards Institute as regards radio equipment in support of Directive

2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council.

[i.4] ITU RRC-06: "Final Acts of the Regional Radiocommunication Conference for planning of the

digital terrestrial broadcasting service in parts of Regions 1 and 3, in the frequency bands

174-230 MHz and 470-862 MHz", Geneva, 15 May - 16 June 2006.

[i.5] ETSI EN 300 744 (V1.6.2) (10-2015): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Framing structure,

channel coding and modulation for digital terrestrial television".

[i.6] ETSI EN 302 755 (V1.4.1) (07-2015): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Frame structure

channel coding and modulation for a second generation digital terrestrial television broadcasting

system (DVB-T2)".

[i.7] ETSI TR 100 028 (all parts) (V1.4.1) (12-2001): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio

spectrum Matters (ERM); Uncertainties in the measurement of mobile radio equipment

characteristics".

[i.8] ETSI TR 100 028-2 (V1.4.1) (12-2001): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum

Matters (ERM); Uncertainties in the measurement of mobile radio equipment characteristics;

Part 2".

[i.9] EN 55016-4-2:2011/A1:2014: "Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring

apparatus and methods. Part 4-2: Uncertainties, statistics and limit modelling - Measurement

instrumentation uncertainty", produced by CENELEC.

[i.10] Recommendation ITU-R SM.329-12 (09/2012): "Unwanted emissions in the spurious domain".

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms

For the purposes of the present document, the terms given in Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2] and the following apply:

adjacent channel leakage ratio: ratio of the wanted mean power of the DVB-T/T2 signal to the unwanted mean power

measured in the receiver bandwidth of a given adjacent victim service

antenna port: port of an apparatus intended to be connected to an antenna using coaxial cable or coaxial line; typically

the output of the channel filter or combiner

carrier power: mean power supplied to the antenna port by a transmitter with COFDM

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
9 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
channel bandwidth: bandwidth supporting a single DVB-T or DVB-T2 signal
NOTE: There are two possible channel bandwidths: 7 MHz or 8 MHz.

composite approach: measurement method whereby the power amplifier emissions are measured separately to the

frequency response of subsequent frequency selective components and the overall emissions of the transmitter are

calculated by combining the two sets of measurements

co-sited: DVB-T/T2 transmitters which are located at the same physical site so minimizing the effects of adjacent

channel interference
critical mask: mask used for the sensitive case in ITU RRC-06 [i.4]
dBc: decibels relative to the mean power P of the emission

digital signal: discretely timed signal in which information is represented by a finite number of well-defined discrete

values that its characteristic quantities may take in time

digital television: television in which all information is represented by a digital signal

environmental profile: range of environmental conditions under which equipment is expected to operate within the

scope of the present document

harmonic: component of order greater than 1 of the Fourier series of a periodic quantity

high power transmitter: transmitter whose output power is greater than or equal to 25 W

NOTE: This category of transmitter also includes medium power category of transmitters as defined in ITU-R.

intermodulation products: unwanted frequencies resulting from intermodulation between carriers or harmonics of

emission, or between any oscillations generated to produce the carrier
low power transmitter: transmitter whose output power is less than 25 W

mean power: average power supplied to the antenna port by a transmitter during an interval of time sufficiently long

compared with the lowest frequency encountered in the modulation taken under normal operating conditions

moding: operation of a coaxial component in unwanted waveguide modes (e.g. Transverse Electric (TE) or Transverse

Magnetic (TM)) resulting in anomalous behaviour from that associated with the intended Transverse Electromagnetic

(TEM) mode

necessary bandwidth: for a given class of emission, the width of the frequency band which is sufficient to ensure the

transmission of information at the rate and with the quality required under specified conditions

non-critical mask: mask used for the non-critical case in ITU RRC-06 [i.4]

OOB emissions: unwanted emissions which fall at frequencies separated from the centre frequency of the wanted

emission by less than or equal to 250 % of the channel bandwidth

output power: conducted power delivered by a transmitter under specified conditions of operation

receiver bandwidth: bandwidth used for victim service ACLR measurements, i.e. 7,6 MHz for 8 MHz DVB-T,

6,7 MHz for 7 MHz DVB-T, 7,8 MHz for 8 MHz DVB-T2, 6,8 MHz for 7 MHz DVB-T2 and 9 MHz for LTE

reference bandwidth: bandwidth in which the emission level is specified

spurious domain emissions: unwanted emissions at frequencies separated by more than 250 % of the channel

bandwidth from the centre of the occupied spectrum
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
10 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
3.2 Symbols
For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
m milli
μ micro
n nano
" inch
3.3 Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in ETSI EN 300 744 [i.5], ETSI EN 302 755 [i.6] and

the following apply:
ACLR Adjacent Channel Leakage Ratio
COFDM Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
CSV Comma Separated Values
dB Logarithmic ratio (tenths of a "Bel")
dBm dB relative to one milliwatt
DIN Deutsches Institut fur Normung
DTT Digital Terrestrial Television
DVB Digital Video Broadcasting
DVB-T Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial
DVB-T2 Digital Video Broadcasting - Second Generation Terrestrial
EFTA European Free Trade Association
END Equivalent Noise Degradation
EUT Equipment Under Test
FFT Fast Fourier Transform
GHz GigaHertz
ITU International Telecommunication Union
ITU-R International Telecommunication Union - Radiocommunication
kHz kiloHertz
LTE Long Term Evolution
MER Modulation Error Ratio
MHz MegaHertz
OF Output Filter
OOB Out-Of-Band
PA Power Amplifier
QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
RBW Reference Bandwidth
RF Radio Frequency
RMS Root Mean Square
RRC Regional Radiocommunication Conference
TV TeleVision
UHF Ultra High Frequency
VBW Video Bandwidth
VHF Very High Frequency
W Watt
4 Technical requirements specifications
4.1 Environmental profile

The technical requirements of the present document apply under the environmental profile for operation of the

equipment, which shall be in accordance with its intended use. The equipment shall comply with all the technical

requirements of the present document at all times when operating within the boundary limits of the operational

environmental profile defined by its intended use.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
11 ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-06)
4.2 Conformance requirements
4.2.1 Introduction

The essential parameters and corresponding technical requirements aiming to meet the requirements of article 3.2 of

Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2] are shown in table 4.1. To fulfil this essential parameter the compliance with all the

corresponding technical requirements in table 4.1 shall be verified.
Table 4.1: Cross references
Essential parameter Corresponding technical requirements
4.2.2 Spurious emissions
Conducted emissions at the antenna port 4.2.3 Out-of-band emissions

Both spurious emission limits and OOB limits are defined in terms of output power at the antenna port.

The boundary between spurious domain emissions and out-of-band emissions is shown in figure 4.1.

Figure 4.1: Definition of out-of-band and Spurious Domains
4.2.2 Spurious emissions
4.2.2.1 Definition

Spurious emissions are unwanted emissions at frequencies separated by more than 250 % of the channel bandwidth

...

Final draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-03)
HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD
Digital Terrestrial TV Transmitters;
Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 Final draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-03)
Reference
REN/ERM-TG17-162
Keywords
broadcasting, digital, harmonised standard, radio,
regulation, terrestrial, transmitter, TV, video
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All rights reserved.

DECT™, PLUGTESTS™, UMTS™ and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP™ and LTE™ are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the oneM2M Partners.
GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 Final draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-03)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 5

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 7

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 7

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 8

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 8

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 8

3.2 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 10

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4 Technical requirements specifications ................................................................................................... 11

4.1 Environmental profile ....................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2 Conformance requirements .............................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.2 Spurious emissions ..................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.2.1 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.2.2 Limits .................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.2.2.3 Conformance test .................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2.3 Out-of-band emissions ................................................................................................................................ 12

4.2.3.1 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2.3.2 Classification of transmitters ................................................................................................................. 13

4.2.3.3 Limits .................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.2.3.4 Conformance test .................................................................................................................................. 17

5 Testing for compliance with technical requirements .............................................................................. 17

5.1 Environmental conditions for testing ............................................................................................................... 17

5.2 Void .................................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.3 Test conditions ................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.3.1 Test frequency range ................................................................................................................................... 17

5.3.2 Test modulation signal ................................................................................................................................ 18

5.4 Essential radio test suites .................................................................................................................................. 18

5.4.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.4.2 Spurious emissions ..................................................................................................................................... 18

5.4.2.1 Measurement approaches ...................................................................................................................... 18

5.4.2.2 Initial conditions ................................................................................................................................... 18

5.4.2.3 Test procedure ....................................................................................................................................... 19

5.4.2.4 Test requirements .................................................................................................................................. 19

5.4.2.5 Test arrangement ................................................................................................................................... 19

5.4.3 Out-of-band emissions ................................................................................................................................ 20

5.4.3.1 Initial conditions ................................................................................................................................... 20

5.4.3.2 Test procedure ....................................................................................................................................... 20

5.4.3.3 Test requirements .................................................................................................................................. 20

5.4.3.4 Test arrangement ................................................................................................................................... 20

Annex A (informative): Relationship between the present document and the essential

requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU ......................................................... 21

Annex B (informative): Void ................................................................................................................. 22

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 Final draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-03)

Annex C (informative): Practical measurement of spurious domain emissions for broadcast

transmitters .................................................................................................... 23

C.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 23

C.1 Directional coupler issues ...................................................................................................................... 23

C.2 Spectrum analyser settings ..................................................................................................................... 25

C.3 Composite measurement of spurious emissions ..................................................................................... 25

Annex D (informative): Practical Measurement of out-of-band Domain Emissions ........................ 26

D.1 Composite measurement of out-of-band emissions ............................................................................... 26

D.2 System considerations ............................................................................................................................ 27

D.3 Spectrum analyser settings for OOB measurements .............................................................................. 28

D.4 OOB domain emissions - typical spectrum analyser traces ................................................................... 28

D.5 ACLR measurement ............................................................................................................................... 29

Annex E (informative): Impact of ACLR of low power broadcast transmitters on adjacent

DVB-T/T2 services for co-sited networks .................................................... 30

E.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 30

E.1 Equipment Configuration ....................................................................................................................... 30

E.2 Results .................................................................................................................................................... 31

E.3 Theoretical impact of MER on END ...................................................................................................... 32

E.4 Conclusions ............................................................................................................................................ 32

Annex F (informative): Recommended maximum measurement uncertainty ................................. 33

Annex G (informative): Bibliography ................................................................................................... 34

Annex H (informative): Change history ............................................................................................... 35

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 36

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 Final draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-03)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

Foreword

This final draft Harmonised European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee

Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM), and is now submitted for the Vote phase of the

ETSI standards EN Approval Procedure.

The present document has been prepared under the Commission's standardisation request C(2015) 5376 final [i.3] to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to the essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU on the harmonisation

of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing

Directive 1999/5/EC [i.2].

Once the present document is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive, compliance with

the normative clauses of the present document given in table A.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of the present

document, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that Directive and associated

EFTA regulations.
Proposed national transposition dates
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 3 months after ETSI publication
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 6 months after doa

Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 18 months after doa

Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 Final draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-03)
Introduction

The present document has been produced to update the existing ETSI EN 302 296 in line with the requirements of

article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2].
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
7 Final draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-03)
1 Scope

The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for digital terrestrial television

transmitters as defined in table 1.1 and in table 1.2. The power classification (table 1.1) and emission classification

(table 1.2) are combined to define a transmitter category. For example, power classification H and emission

classification 0 denote a high power transmitter (category H0) whose OOB emissions comply with a non-critical mask.

Table 1.1: Transmitter power classification
Power Class Description Notes

H High power transmitter Transmitter with an output power ≥ 25 W operating in the

VHF band (174 MHz to 230 MHz) or UHF band (470 MHz to
694 MHz).
L Low power transmitter Transmitter with an output power < 25 W operating in the
VHF band (174 MHz to 230 MHz) or UHF band (470 MHz to
694 MHz).
Table 1.2: Transmitter emission classification
Emission
Conformance approach Notes
Classification
0 Non-critical mask For high power transmitters, the mask defines the level of
the OOB emissions relative to the channel power (dBc). For
low power transmitters the mask defines the absolute power
limit of the OOB emissions (dBm). The former approach is
mandated by RRC-06 (non-critical case) [i.4] for transmitters
subject to coordination.
1 Critical mask A similar but more stringent approach based on ITU RRC-06
(sensitive case) [i.4].
2 Non-critical ACLR A set of ACLR limits defining permitted relative emission
levels into adjacent channels.
3 Critical ACLR A set of more stringent ACLR limits defining permitted
relative emission levels into adjacent channels.

NOTE: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive

2014/53/EU [i.2] is given in annex A.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

Not applicable.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
8 Final draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-03)
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] ETSI TR 101 290 (V1.2.1) (05-2001): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Measurement

guidelines for DVB systems".

[i.2] Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on the

harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of

radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC.

[i.3] Commission Implementing Decision C(2015) 5376 final of 4.8.2015 on a standardisation request

to the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation and to the European

Telecommunications Standards Institute as regards radio equipment in support of Directive

2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council.

[i.4] ITU RRC-06: "Final Acts of the Regional Radiocommunication Conference for planning of the

digital terrestrial broadcasting service in parts of Regions 1 and 3, in the frequency bands

174-230 MHz and 470-862 MHz", Geneva, 15 May - 16 June 2006.

[i.5] ETSI EN 300 744 (V1.6.2) (10-2015): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Framing structure,

channel coding and modulation for digital terrestrial television".

[i.6] ETSI EN 302 755 (V1.4.1) (07-2015): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Frame structure

channel coding and modulation for a second generation digital terrestrial television broadcasting

system (DVB-T2)".

[i.7] ETSI TR 100 028 (all parts) (V1.4.1) (12-2001): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio

spectrum Matters (ERM); Uncertainties in the measurement of mobile radio equipment

characteristics".

[i.8] ETSI TR 100 028-2 (V1.4.1) (12-2001): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum

Matters (ERM); Uncertainties in the measurement of mobile radio equipment characteristics;

Part 2".

[i.9] EN 55016-4-2:2011/A1:2014: "Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring

apparatus and methods. Part 4-2: Uncertainties, statistics and limit modelling - Measurement

instrumentation uncertainty", produced by CENELEC.

[i.10] Recommendation ITU-R SM.329-12 (09/2012): "Unwanted emissions in the spurious domain".

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms

For the purposes of the present document, the terms given in Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2] and the following apply:

adjacent channel leakage ratio: ratio of the wanted mean power of the DVB-T/T2 signal to the unwanted mean power

measured in the receiver bandwidth of a given adjacent victim service

antenna port: port of an apparatus intended to be connected to an antenna using coaxial cable or coaxial line; typically

the output of the channel filter or combiner

carrier power: mean power supplied to the antenna port by a transmitter with COFDM

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
9 Final draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-03)
channel bandwidth: bandwidth supporting a single DVB-T or DVB-T2 signal
NOTE: There are two possible channel bandwidths: 7 MHz or 8 MHz.

composite approach: measurement method whereby the power amplifier emissions are measured separately to the

frequency response of subsequent frequency selective components and the overall emissions of the transmitter are

calculated by combining the two sets of measurements

co-sited: DVB-T/T2 transmitters which are located at the same physical site so minimizing the effects of adjacent

channel interference
critical mask: mask used for the sensitive case in ITU RRC-06 [i.4]
dBc: decibels relative to the mean power P of the emission

digital signal: discretely timed signal in which information is represented by a finite number of well-defined discrete

values that its characteristic quantities may take in time

digital television: television in which all information is represented by a digital signal

environmental profile: range of environmental conditions under which equipment is expected to operate within the

scope of the present document

harmonic: component of order greater than 1 of the Fourier series of a periodic quantity

high power transmitter: transmitter whose output power is greater than or equal to 25 W

NOTE: This category of transmitter also includes medium power category of transmitters as defined in ITU-R.

intermodulation products: unwanted frequencies resulting from intermodulation between carriers or harmonics of

emission, or between any oscillations generated to produce the carrier
low power transmitter: transmitter whose output power is less than 25 W

mean power: average power supplied to the antenna port by a transmitter during an interval of time sufficiently long

compared with the lowest frequency encountered in the modulation taken under normal operating conditions

moding: operation of a coaxial component in unwanted waveguide modes (e.g. Transverse Electric (TE) or Transverse

Magnetic (TM)) resulting in anomalous behaviour from that associated with the intended Transverse Electromagnetic

(TEM) mode

necessary bandwidth: for a given class of emission, the width of the frequency band which is sufficient to ensure the

transmission of information at the rate and with the quality required under specified conditions

non-critical mask: mask used for the non-critical case in ITU RRC-06 [i.4]

OOB emissions: unwanted emissions which fall at frequencies separated from the centre frequency of the wanted

emission by less than or equal to 250 % of the channel bandwidth

output power: conducted power delivered by a transmitter under specified conditions of operation

receiver bandwidth: bandwidth used for victim service ACLR measurements, i.e. 7,6 MHz for 8 MHz DVB-T,

6,7 MHz for 7 MHz DVB-T, 7,8 MHz for 8 MHz DVB-T2, 6,8 MHz for 7 MHz DVB-T2 and 9 MHz for LTE

reference bandwidth: bandwidth in which the emission level is specified

spurious domain emissions: unwanted emissions at frequencies separated by more than 250 % of the channel

bandwidth from the centre of the occupied spectrum
ETSI
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10 Final draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-03)
3.2 Symbols
For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
m milli
μ micro
n nano
" inch
3.3 Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in ETSI EN 300 744 [i.5], ETSI EN 302 755 [i.6] and

the following apply:
ACLR Adjacent Channel Leakage Ratio
COFDM Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
CSV Comma Separated Values
dB Logarithmic ratio (tenths of a "Bel")
dBm dB relative to one milliwatt
DIN Deutsches Institut fur Normung
DTT Digital Terrestrial Television
DVB Digital Video Broadcasting
DVB-T Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial
DVB-T2 Digital Video Broadcasting - Second Generation Terrestrial
EFTA European Free Trade Association
END Equivalent Noise Degradation
EUT Equipment Under Test
FFT Fast Fourier Transform
GHz GigaHertz
ITU International Telecommunication Union
ITU-R International Telecommunication Union - Radiocommunication
kHz kiloHertz
LTE Long Term Evolution
MER Modulation Error Ratio
MHz MegaHertz
OOB Out-Of-Band
PA Power Amplifier
QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
RBW Reference Bandwidth
RF Radio Frequency
RMS Root Mean Square
RRC Regional Radiocommunication Conference
TV TeleVision
UHF Ultra High Frequency
VBW Video Bandwidth
VHF Very High Frequency
W Watt
ETSI
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11 Final draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-03)
4 Technical requirements specifications
4.1 Environmental profile

The technical requirements of the present document apply under the environmental profile for operation of the

equipment, which shall be in accordance with its intended use. The equipment shall comply with all the technical

requirements of the present document at all times when operating within the boundary limits of the operational

environmental profile defined by its intended use.
4.2 Conformance requirements
4.2.1 Introduction

The essential parameters and corresponding technical requirements aiming to meet the requirements of article 3.2 of

Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2] are shown in table 4.1. To fulfil this essential parameter the compliance with all the

corresponding technical requirements in table 4.1 shall be verified.
Table 4.1: Cross references
Essential parameter Corresponding technical requirements
4.2.2 Spurious emissions
Conducted emissions at the antenna port
4.2.3 Out-of-band emissions

Both spurious emission limits and OOB limits are defined in terms of output power at the antenna port.

The boundary between spurious domain emissions and out-of-band emissions is shown in figure 4.1.

Figure 4.1: Definition of out-of-band and Spurious Domains
4.2.2 Spurious emissions
4.2.2.1 Definition

Spurious emissions are unwanted emissions at frequencies separated by more than 250 % of the channel bandwidth

from the centre of the occupied spectrum. These include harmonic emissions, parasitic emissions, intermodulation

products and frequency conversion products but exclude out-of-band emissions.

For the purposes of the present document spurious emissions are emissions at frequencies outside the frequency range

f ± 17,5 MHz for 7 MHz channels, f ± 20 MHz for 8 MHz channels, where f is the centre frequency of the channel,

0 0 0
irrespective of the number of carriers employed.
ETSI
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12 Final draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.1 (2021-03)
4.2.2.2 Limits

Spurious emissions shall not exceed the values set out in table 4.2 additionally shown in figure 4.2, for the frequency

range 9 kHz to 3 GHz.
Table 4.2: Spurious emission limits for DVB-T/T2 transmitters
Frequency range of the Limits of the spurious emission Reference
spurious emission bandwidth
9 kHz to 470 MHz 100 kHz
≤ -36 dBm (250
...

Draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.0 (2020-01)
HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD
Digital Terrestrial TV Transmitters;
Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 Draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.0 (2020-01)
Reference
REN/ERM-TG17-162
Keywords
broadcasting, digital, harmonised standard, radio,
regulation, terrestrial, transmitter, TV, video
ETSI
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No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying

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The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
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All rights reserved.

DECT™, PLUGTESTS™, UMTS™ and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP™ and LTE™ are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

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of the oneM2M Partners.
GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.
ETSI
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3 Draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.0 (2020-01)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 5

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 7

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 7

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 8

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 8

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 8

3.2 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 10

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4 Technical requirements specifications ................................................................................................... 11

4.1 Environmental profile ....................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2 Conformance requirements .............................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.2 Spurious emissions ..................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.2.1 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.2.2 Limits .................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.2.2.3 Conformance test .................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2.3 Out-of-band emissions ................................................................................................................................ 12

4.2.3.1 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2.3.2 Classification of transmitters ................................................................................................................. 13

4.2.3.3 Limits .................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.2.3.4 Conformance test .................................................................................................................................. 17

5 Testing for compliance with technical requirements .............................................................................. 18

5.1 Environmental conditions for testing ............................................................................................................... 18

5.2 Interpretation of the measurement results ........................................................................................................ 18

5.3 Test conditions ................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.3.1 Test frequency range ................................................................................................................................... 18

5.3.2 Test modulation signal ................................................................................................................................ 18

5.4 Essential radio test suites .................................................................................................................................. 19

5.4.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 19

5.4.2 Spurious emissions ..................................................................................................................................... 19

5.4.2.1 Measurement approaches ...................................................................................................................... 19

5.4.2.2 Initial conditions ................................................................................................................................... 19

5.4.2.3 Test procedure ....................................................................................................................................... 20

5.4.2.4 Test requirements .................................................................................................................................. 20

5.4.2.5 Test arrangement ................................................................................................................................... 20

5.4.3 Out-of-band emissions ................................................................................................................................ 20

5.4.3.1 Initial conditions ................................................................................................................................... 20

5.4.3.2 Test procedure ....................................................................................................................................... 21

5.4.3.3 Test requirements .................................................................................................................................. 21

5.4.3.4 Test arrangement ................................................................................................................................... 21

Annex A (informative): Relationship between the present document and the essential

requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU ......................................................... 22

Annex B (informative): Void ................................................................................................................. 23

ETSI
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4 Draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.0 (2020-01)

Annex C (informative): Practical measurement of spurious domain emissions for broadcast

transmitters .................................................................................................... 24

C.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 24

C.1 Directional coupler issues ...................................................................................................................... 24

C.2 Spectrum analyser settings ..................................................................................................................... 26

C.3 Composite measurement of spurious emissions ..................................................................................... 26

Annex D (informative): Practical Measurement of out-of-band Domain Emissions ........................ 27

D.1 Composite measurement of out-of-band emissions ............................................................................... 27

D.2 System considerations ............................................................................................................................ 28

D.3 Spectrum analyser settings for OOB measurements .............................................................................. 29

D.4 OOB domain emissions - typical spectrum analyser traces ................................................................... 29

D.5 ACLR measurement ............................................................................................................................... 30

Annex E (informative): Impact of ACLR of low power broadcast transmitters on adjacent

DVB-T/T2 services for co-sited networks .................................................... 31

E.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 31

E.1 Equipment Configuration ....................................................................................................................... 31

E.2 Results .................................................................................................................................................... 32

E.3 Theoretical impact of MER on END ...................................................................................................... 33

E.4 Conclusions ............................................................................................................................................ 33

Annex F (informative): Recommended maximum measurement uncertainty ................................. 34

Annex G (informative): Bibliography ................................................................................................... 35

Annex H (informative): Change history ............................................................................................... 36

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 37

ETSI
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5 Draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.0 (2020-01)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

Foreword

This draft Harmonised European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Electromagnetic

compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM), and is now submitted for the combined Public Enquiry and Vote

phase of the ETSI standards EN Approval Procedure.

The present document has been prepared under the Commission's standardisation request C(2015) 5376 final [i.3] to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to the essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU on the harmonisation

of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing

Directive 1999/5/EC [i.2].

Once the present document is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive, compliance with

the normative clauses of the present document given in table A.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of the present

document, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that Directive, and associated

EFTA regulations.
Proposed national transposition dates
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 3 months after ETSI publication
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 6 months after doa

Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 18 months after doa

Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
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6 Draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.0 (2020-01)
Introduction

The present document has been produced to update the existing ETSI EN 302 296 in line with the requirements of

article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2].
ETSI
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7 Draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.0 (2020-01)
1 Scope

The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for digital terrestrial television

transmitters as defined in table 1.1 and in table 1.2. The power classification (table 1.1) and emission classification

(table 1.2) are combined to define a transmitter category. For example, power classification H and emission

classification 0 denote a high power transmitter (category H0) whose OOB emissions comply with a non-critical mask.

Table 1.1: Transmitter power classification
Power Class Description Notes

H High power transmitter Transmitter with an output power ≥ 25 W operating in the

VHF band (174 MHz to 230 MHz) or UHF band (470 MHz to
694 MHz).
L Low power transmitter Transmitter with an output power < 25 W operating in the
VHF band (174 MHz to 230 MHz) or UHF band (470 MHz to
694 MHz).
Table 1.2: Transmitter emission classification
Emission
Conformance approach Notes
Classification
0 Non-critical mask For high power transmitters, the mask defines the level of
the OOB emissions relative to the channel power (dBc). For
low power transmitters the mask defines the absolute power
limit of the OOB emissions (dBm). The former approach is
mandated by RRC-06 (non-critical case) [i.4] for transmitters
subject to coordination.
1 Critical mask A similar but more stringent approach based on ITU RRC-06
(sensitive case) [i.4].
2 Non-critical ACLR A set of ACLR limits defining permitted relative emission
levels into adjacent channels.
3 Critical ACLR A set of more stringent ACLR limits defining permitted
relative emission levels into adjacent channels.

NOTE: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive

2014/53/EU [i.2] is given in annex A.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are specific, identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number. Only the cited

version applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

Not applicable.
ETSI
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8 Draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.0 (2020-01)
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] ETSI TR 101 290 (V1.2.1) (05-2001): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Measurement

guidelines for DVB systems".

[i.2] Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on the

harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of

radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC.

[i.3] Commission Implementing Decision C(2015) 5376 final of 4.8.2015 on a standardisation request

to the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation and to the European

Telecommunications Standards Institute as regards radio equipment in support of Directive

2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council.

[i.4] ITU RRC-06: "Final Acts of the Regional Radiocommunication Conference for planning of the

digital terrestrial broadcasting service in parts of Regions 1 and 3, in the frequency bands

174-230 MHz and 470-862 MHz", Geneva, 15 May - 16 June 2006.

[i.5] ETSI EN 300 744 (V1.6.2) (10-2015): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Framing structure,

channel coding and modulation for digital terrestrial television".

[i.6] ETSI EN 302 755 (V1.4.1) (07-2015): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Frame structure

channel coding and modulation for a second generation digital terrestrial television broadcasting

system (DVB-T2)".

[i.7] ETSI TR 100 028 (all parts) (V1.4.1) (12-2001): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio

spectrum Matters (ERM); Uncertainties in the measurement of mobile radio equipment

characteristics".

[i.8] ETSI TR 100 028-2 (V1.4.1) (12-2001): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum

Matters (ERM); Uncertainties in the measurement of mobile radio equipment characteristics;

Part 2".

[i.9] CENELEC EN 55016-4-2:2011/A1:2014: "Specification for radio disturbance and immunity

measuring apparatus and methods. Part 4-2: Uncertainties, statistics and limit modelling -

Measurement instrumentation uncertainty".

[i.10] Recommendation ITU-R SM.329-12 (09/2012): "Unwanted emissions in the spurious domain".

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms

For the purposes of the present document, the terms given in Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2] and the following apply:

adjacent channel leakage ratio: ratio of the wanted mean power of the DVB-T/T2 signal to the unwanted mean power

measured in the receiver bandwidth of a given adjacent victim service

antenna port: port of an apparatus intended to be connected to an antenna using coaxial cable or coaxial line; typically

the output of the channel filter or combiner

carrier power: mean power supplied to the antenna port by a transmitter with COFDM

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
9 Draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.0 (2020-01)

channel bandwidth: frequency band of defined width (as a multiple of the carrier grid) for operation on adjacent

channels, located symmetrically around carrier frequency in the carrier grid

composite approach: measurement method whereby the power amplifier emissions are measured separately to the

frequency response of subsequent frequency selective components and the overall emissions of the transmitter are

calculated by combining the two sets of measurements

co-sited: DVB-T/T2 transmitters which are located at the same physical site so minimizing the effects of adjacent

channel interference
critical mask: the mask used for the sensitive case in ITU RRC-06 [i.4]
dBc: decibels relative to the mean power P of the emission

digital signal: discretely timed signal in which information is represented by a finite number of well-defined discrete

values that its characteristic quantities may take in time

digital television: television in which all information is represented by a digital signal

environmental profile: range of environmental conditions under which equipment is expected to operate within the

scope of the present document

harmonic: component of order greater than 1 of the Fourier series of a periodic quantity

high power transmitter: transmitter whose output power is greater than or equal to 25 W

NOTE: This category of transmitter also includes medium power category of transmitters as defined in ITU-R.

intermodulation products: unwanted frequencies resulting from intermodulation between carriers or harmonics of

emission, or between any oscillations generated to produce the carrier
low power transmitter: transmitter whose output power is less than 25 W

mean power: average power supplied to the antenna port by a transmitter during an interval of time sufficiently long

compared with the lowest frequency encountered in the modulation taken under normal operating conditions

moding: operation of a coaxial component in unwanted waveguide modes (e.g. Transverse Electric (TE) or Transverse

Magnetic (TM)) resulting in anomalous behaviour from that associated with the intended Transverse Electromagnetic

(TEM) mode

necessary bandwidth: for a given class of emission, the width of the frequency band which is sufficient to ensure the

transmission of information at the rate and with the quality required under specified conditions

non-critical mask: the mask used for the non-critical case in ITU RRC-06 [i.4]

OOB emissions: unwanted emissions which fall at frequencies separated from the centre frequency of the wanted

emission by less than or equal to 250 % of the channel bandwidth

output power: conducted power delivered by a transmitter under specified conditions of operation

receiver bandwidth: bandwidth used for victim service ACLR measurements, i.e. 7,6 MHz for 8 MHz DVB-T,

6,7 MHz for 7 MHz DVB-T, 7,8 MHz for 8 MHz DVB-T2, 6,8 MHz for 7 MHz DVB-T2 and 9 MHz for LTE

reference bandwidth: bandwidth in which the emission level is specified

spurious domain emissions: unwanted emissions at frequencies separated by more than 250 % of the channel

bandwidth from the centre of the occupied spectrum
ETSI
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10 Draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.0 (2020-01)
3.2 Symbols
For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
m milli
μ micro
n nano
" inch
3.3 Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in ETSI EN 300 744 [i.5], ETSI EN 302 755 [i.6] and

the following apply:
ACLR Adjacent Channel Leakage Ratio
COFDM Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
CSV Comma Separated Values
dB Logarithmic ratio (tenths of a "Bel")
dBm dB relative to one milliwatt
DIN Deutsches Institut fur Normung
DTT Digital Terrestrial Television
DVB Digital Video Broadcasting
DVB-T Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial
EFTA European Free Trade Association
END Equivalent Noise Degradation
EUT Equipment Under Test
FFT Fast Fourier Transform
GHz GigaHertz
ITU International Telecommunication Union
ITU-R International Telecommunication Union - Radiocommunication
kHz kiloHertz
MER Modulation Error Ratio
MHz MegaHertz
OOB Out-Of-Band
PA Power Amplifier
QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
RBW Reference BandWidth
RF Radio Frequency
RMS Root Mean Square
RRC Regional Radiocommunication Conference
TV TeleVision
UHF Ultra High Frequency
VBW Video BandWidth
VHF Very High Frequency
W Watt
ETSI
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11 Draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.0 (2020-01)
4 Technical requirements specifications
4.1 Environmental profile

The technical requirements of the present document apply under the environmental profile for operation of the

equipment, which shall be declared by the manufacturer. The equipment shall comply with all the technical

requirements of the present document which are identified as applicable in annex A at all times when operating within

the boundary limits of the declared operational environmental profile.
4.2 Conformance requirements
4.2.1 Introduction

The essential parameters and corresponding technical requirements aiming to meet the requirements of article 3.2 of

Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2] are shown in table 4.1. To fulfil this essential parameter the compliance with all the

corresponding technical requirements in table 4.1 shall be verified.
Table 4.1: Cross references
Essential parameter Corresponding technical requirements
4.2.2 Spurious emissions
Conducted emissions at the antenna port
4.2.3 Out-of-band emissions (OOB)

Both spurious emission limits and OOB limits are defined in terms of output power at the antenna port.

The boundary between spurious domain emissions and out-of-band emissions is shown in figure 4.1.

Figure 4.1: Definition of out-of-band and Spurious Domains
4.2.2 Spurious emissions
4.2.2.1 Definition

Spurious emissions are unwanted emissions at frequencies separated by more than 250 % of the channel bandwidth

from the centre of the occupied spectrum. These include harmonic emissions, parasitic emissions, intermodulation

products and frequency conversion products but exclude out-of-band emissions.

For the purposes of the present document spurious emissions are emissions at frequencies outside the frequency range

f ± 17,5 MHz for 7 MHz channels, f ± 20 MHz for 8 MHz channels, where f is the centre frequency of the channel,

0 0 0
irrespective of the number of carriers employed.
ETSI
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12 Draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.0 (2020-01)
4.2.2.2 Limits

Spurious emissions shall not exceed the values set out in table 4.2 additionally shown in figure 4.2, for the frequency

range 9 kHz to 3 GHz.
Table 4.2: Spurious emission limits for DVB-T/T2 transmitters
Frequency range of the Limits of the spurious emission Reference
spurious emission bandwidth
9 kHz to 470 MHz 100 kHz
≤ -36 dBm (250 nW) for P ≤ 69 dBm
≥ 105 dBc for 69 dBm < P
> 470 MHz to 694 MHz 100 kHz
≤ -36 dBm for P ≤ 39 dBm
≥ 75 dBc for 39 dBm < P ≤ 50 dBm
≤ -25 dBm (3 µW) for 50 dBm < P
> 694 MHz ≤ -36 dBm (250 nW) for P ≤ 69 dBm 100 kHz
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 302 296 V2.2.0:2020
01-marec-2020
Digitalni prizemni TV-oddajniki - Harmonizirani standard za dostop do radijskega
spektra

Digital Terrestrial TV Transmitters - Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.0 (2020-01)
ICS:
33.060.20 Sprejemna in oddajna Receiving and transmitting
oprema equipment
33.170 Televizijska in radijska Television and radio
difuzija broadcasting
oSIST prEN 302 296 V2.2.0:2020 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 302 296 V2.2.0:2020
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oSIST prEN 302 296 V2.2.0:2020
Draft ETSI EN 302 296 V2.2.0 (2020-01)
HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD
Digital Terrestrial TV Transmitters;
Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum
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oSIST prEN 302 296 V2.2.0:2020
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Reference
REN/ERM-TG17-162
Keywords
broadcasting, digital, harmonised standard, radio,
regulation, terrestrial, transmitter, TV, video
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Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 5

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 7

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 7

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 8

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 8

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 8

3.2 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 10

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4 Technical requirements specifications ................................................................................................... 11

4.1 Environmental profile ....................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2 Conformance requirements .............................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.2 Spurious emissions ..................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.2.1 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.2.2 Limits .................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.2.2.3 Conformance test .................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2.3 Out-of-band emissions ................................................................................................................................ 12

4.2.3.1 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2.3.2 Classification of transmitters ................................................................................................................. 13

4.2.3.3 Limits .................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.2.3.4 Conformance test .................................................................................................................................. 17

5 Testing for compliance with technical requirements .............................................................................. 18

5.1 Environmental conditions for testing ............................................................................................................... 18

5.2 Interpretation of the measurement results ........................................................................................................ 18

5.3 Test conditions ................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.3.1 Test frequency range ................................................................................................................................... 18

5.3.2 Test modulation signal ................................................................................................................................ 18

5.4 Essential radio test suites .................................................................................................................................. 19

5.4.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 19

5.4.2 Spurious emissions ..................................................................................................................................... 19

5.4.2.1 Measurement approaches ...................................................................................................................... 19

5.4.2.2 Initial conditions ................................................................................................................................... 19

5.4.2.3 Test procedure ....................................................................................................................................... 20

5.4.2.4 Test requirements .................................................................................................................................. 20

5.4.2.5 Test arrangement ................................................................................................................................... 20

5.4.3 Out-of-band emissions ................................................................................................................................ 20

5.4.3.1 Initial conditions ................................................................................................................................... 20

5.4.3.2 Test procedure ....................................................................................................................................... 21

5.4.3.3 Test requirements .................................................................................................................................. 21

5.4.3.4 Test arrangement ................................................................................................................................... 21

Annex A (informative): Relationship between the present document and the essential

requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU ......................................................... 22

Annex B (informative): Void ................................................................................................................. 23

ETSI
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Annex C (informative): Practical measurement of spurious domain emissions for broadcast

transmitters .................................................................................................... 24

C.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 24

C.1 Directional coupler issues ...................................................................................................................... 24

C.2 Spectrum analyser settings ..................................................................................................................... 26

C.3 Composite measurement of spurious emissions ..................................................................................... 26

Annex D (informative): Practical Measurement of out-of-band Domain Emissions ........................ 27

D.1 Composite measurement of out-of-band emissions ............................................................................... 27

D.2 System considerations ............................................................................................................................ 28

D.3 Spectrum analyser settings for OOB measurements .............................................................................. 29

D.4 OOB domain emissions - typical spectrum analyser traces ................................................................... 29

D.5 ACLR measurement ............................................................................................................................... 30

Annex E (informative): Impact of ACLR of low power broadcast transmitters on adjacent

DVB-T/T2 services for co-sited networks .................................................... 31

E.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 31

E.1 Equipment Configuration ....................................................................................................................... 31

E.2 Results .................................................................................................................................................... 32

E.3 Theoretical impact of MER on END ...................................................................................................... 33

E.4 Conclusions ............................................................................................................................................ 33

Annex F (informative): Recommended maximum measurement uncertainty ................................. 34

Annex G (informative): Bibliography ................................................................................................... 35

Annex H (informative): Change history ............................................................................................... 36

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 37

ETSI
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Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Trademarks

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ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

Foreword

This draft Harmonised European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Electromagnetic

compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM), and is now submitted for the combined Public Enquiry and Vote

phase of the ETSI standards EN Approval Procedure.

The present document has been prepared under the Commission's standardisation request C(2015) 5376 final [i.3] to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to the essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU on the harmonisation

of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing

Directive 1999/5/EC [i.2].

Once the present document is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive, compliance with

the normative clauses of the present document given in table A.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of the present

document, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that Directive, and associated

EFTA regulations.
Proposed national transposition dates
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 3 months after ETSI publication
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 6 months after doa

Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 18 months after doa

Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
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Introduction

The present document has been produced to update the existing ETSI EN 302 296 in line with the requirements of

article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2].
ETSI
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1 Scope

The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for digital terrestrial television

transmitters as defined in table 1.1 and in table 1.2. The power classification (table 1.1) and emission classification

(table 1.2) are combined to define a transmitter category. For example, power classification H and emission

classification 0 denote a high power transmitter (category H0) whose OOB emissions comply with a non-critical mask.

Table 1.1: Transmitter power classification
Power Class Description Notes

H High power transmitter Transmitter with an output power ≥ 25 W operating in the

VHF band (174 MHz to 230 MHz) or UHF band (470 MHz to
694 MHz).
L Low power transmitter Transmitter with an output power < 25 W operating in the
VHF band (174 MHz to 230 MHz) or UHF band (470 MHz to
694 MHz).
Table 1.2: Transmitter emission classification
Emission
Conformance approach Notes
Classification
0 Non-critical mask For high power transmitters, the mask defines the level of
the OOB emissions relative to the channel power (dBc). For
low power transmitters the mask defines the absolute power
limit of the OOB emissions (dBm). The former approach is
mandated by RRC-06 (non-critical case) [i.4] for transmitters
subject to coordination.
1 Critical mask A similar but more stringent approach based on ITU RRC-06
(sensitive case) [i.4].
2 Non-critical ACLR A set of ACLR limits defining permitted relative emission
levels into adjacent channels.
3 Critical ACLR A set of more stringent ACLR limits defining permitted
relative emission levels into adjacent channels.

NOTE: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive

2014/53/EU [i.2] is given in annex A.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are specific, identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number. Only the cited

version applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

Not applicable.
ETSI
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2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] ETSI TR 101 290 (V1.2.1) (05-2001): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Measurement

guidelines for DVB systems".

[i.2] Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on the

harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of

radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC.

[i.3] Commission Implementing Decision C(2015) 5376 final of 4.8.2015 on a standardisation request

to the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation and to the European

Telecommunications Standards Institute as regards radio equipment in support of Directive

2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council.

[i.4] ITU RRC-06: "Final Acts of the Regional Radiocommunication Conference for planning of the

digital terrestrial broadcasting service in parts of Regions 1 and 3, in the frequency bands

174-230 MHz and 470-862 MHz", Geneva, 15 May - 16 June 2006.

[i.5] ETSI EN 300 744 (V1.6.2) (10-2015): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Framing structure,

channel coding and modulation for digital terrestrial television".

[i.6] ETSI EN 302 755 (V1.4.1) (07-2015): "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Frame structure

channel coding and modulation for a second generation digital terrestrial television broadcasting

system (DVB-T2)".

[i.7] ETSI TR 100 028 (all parts) (V1.4.1) (12-2001): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio

spectrum Matters (ERM); Uncertainties in the measurement of mobile radio equipment

characteristics".

[i.8] ETSI TR 100 028-2 (V1.4.1) (12-2001): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum

Matters (ERM); Uncertainties in the measurement of mobile radio equipment characteristics;

Part 2".

[i.9] CENELEC EN 55016-4-2:2011/A1:2014: "Specification for radio disturbance and immunity

measuring apparatus and methods. Part 4-2: Uncertainties, statistics and limit modelling -

Measurement instrumentation uncertainty".

[i.10] Recommendation ITU-R SM.329-12 (09/2012): "Unwanted emissions in the spurious domain".

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms

For the purposes of the present document, the terms given in Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2] and the following apply:

adjacent channel leakage ratio: ratio of the wanted mean power of the DVB-T/T2 signal to the unwanted mean power

measured in the receiver bandwidth of a given adjacent victim service

antenna port: port of an apparatus intended to be connected to an antenna using coaxial cable or coaxial line; typically

the output of the channel filter or combiner

carrier power: mean power supplied to the antenna port by a transmitter with COFDM

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channel bandwidth: frequency band of defined width (as a multiple of the carrier grid) for operation on adjacent

channels, located symmetrically around carrier frequency in the carrier grid

composite approach: measurement method whereby the power amplifier emissions are measured separately to the

frequency response of subsequent frequency selective components and the overall emissions of the transmitter are

calculated by combining the two sets of measurements

co-sited: DVB-T/T2 transmitters which are located at the same physical site so minimizing the effects of adjacent

channel interference
critical mask: the mask used for the sensitive case in ITU RRC-06 [i.4]
dBc: decibels relative to the mean power P of the emission

digital signal: discretely timed signal in which information is represented by a finite number of well-defined discrete

values that its characteristic quantities may take in time

digital television: television in which all information is represented by a digital signal

environmental profile: range of environmental conditions under which equipment is expected to operate within the

scope of the present document

harmonic: component of order greater than 1 of the Fourier series of a periodic quantity

high power transmitter: transmitter whose output power is greater than or equal to 25 W

NOTE: This category of transmitter also includes medium power category of transmitters as defined in ITU-R.

intermodulation products: unwanted frequencies resulting from intermodulation between carriers or harmonics of

emission, or between any oscillations generated to produce the carrier
low power transmitter: transmitter whose output power is less than 25 W

mean power: average power supplied to the antenna port by a transmitter during an interval of time sufficiently long

compared with the lowest frequency encountered in the modulation taken under normal operating conditions

moding: operation of a coaxial component in unwanted waveguide modes (e.g. Transverse Electric (TE) or Transverse

Magnetic (TM)) resulting in anomalous behaviour from that associated with the intended Transverse Electromagnetic

(TEM) mode

necessary bandwidth: for a given class of emission, the width of the frequency band which is sufficient to ensure the

transmission of information at the rate and with the quality required under specified conditions

non-critical mask: the mask used for the non-critical case in ITU RRC-06 [i.4]

OOB emissions: unwanted emissions which fall at frequencies separated from the centre frequency of the wanted

emission by less than or equal to 250 % of the channel bandwidth

output power: conducted power delivered by a transmitter under specified conditions of operation

receiver bandwidth: bandwidth used for victim service ACLR measurements, i.e. 7,6 MHz for 8 MHz DVB-T,

6,7 MHz for 7 MHz DVB-T, 7,8 MHz for 8 MHz DVB-T2, 6,8 MHz for 7 MHz DVB-T2 and 9 MHz for LTE

reference bandwidth: bandwidth in which the emission level is specified

spurious domain emissions: unwanted emissions at frequencies separated by more than 250 % of the channel

bandwidth from the centre of the occupied spectrum
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3.2 Symbols
For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
m milli
μ micro
n nano
" inch
3.3 Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in ETSI EN 300 744 [i.5], ETSI EN 302 755 [i.6] and

the following apply:
ACLR Adjacent Channel Leakage Ratio
COFDM Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
CSV Comma Separated Values
dB Logarithmic ratio (tenths of a "Bel")
dBm dB relative to one milliwatt
DIN Deutsches Institut fur Normung
DTT Digital Terrestrial Television
DVB Digital Video Broadcasting
DVB-T Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial
EFTA European Free Trade Association
END Equivalent Noise Degradation
EUT Equipment Under Test
FFT Fast Fourier Transform
GHz GigaHertz
ITU International Telecommunication Union
ITU-R International Telecommunication Union - Radiocommunication
kHz kiloHertz
MER Modulation Error Ratio
MHz MegaHertz
OOB Out-Of-Band
PA Power Amplifier
QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
RBW Reference BandWidth
RF Radio Frequency
RMS Root Mean Square
RRC Regional Radiocommunication Conference
TV TeleVision
UHF Ultra High Frequency
VBW Video BandWidth
VHF Very High Frequency
W Watt
ETSI
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4 Technical requirements specifications
4.1 Environmental profile

The technical requirements of the present document apply under the environmental profile for operation of the

equipment, which shall be declared by the manufacturer. The equipment shall comply with all the technical

requirements of the present document which are identified as applicable in annex A at all times when operating within

the boundary limits of the declared operational environmental profile.
4.2 Conformance requirements
4.2.1 Introduction

The essential parameters and corresponding technical requirements aiming to meet the requirements of article 3.2 of

Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2] are shown in table 4.1. To fulfil this essential parameter the compliance with all the

corresponding technical requirements in table 4.1 shall be verified.
Table 4.1: Cross references
Essential parameter Corresponding technical requirements
4.2.2 Spurious emissions
Conducted emissions at the antenna port
4.2.3 Out-of-band emissions (OOB)

Both spurious emission limits and OOB limits are defined in terms of output power at the antenna port.

The boundary between spurious domain emissions and out-of-band emissions is shown in figure 4.1.

Figure 4.1: Definition of out-of-band and Spurious Domains
4.2.2 Spurious emissions
4.2.2.1 Definition

Spurious emissions are unwanted emissions at frequencies separated by more than 250 % of the channel bandwidth

from the centre of the occupied spectrum. These include harmonic emiss
...

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