Intelligent transport systems - EU-ICIP - ITS standards deliverables (2022)

EU-ICIP will explain to and enable urban administrations, road authorities and EU Member states to understand the mesh of standards needed to attain their goals for Urban –ITS, and ITS in general, and provide guidelines to move from abstract
architectural concepts to effective instantiation. EUICIP will support a family of open (existent) standards, referencing both common and CITS communications protocols and related data definitions, that in combinations enable UrbanITS/ITS to function and be managed, and will reference application standards where appropriate/ available. EUICIP will provide guidance, information and consistency for agencies implementing and operating UrbanITS/ ITS. EUICIP will assist interagency coordination and allows equipment of different types and different manufacturers to be mixed within the same communicating systems; informing potential users of the compatibilities and incompatibility issues of various options, and provide the opportunity for training, and guidance to universities to assist training programmes for ITS experts. The work required is proposed in 2 parts a) identification and description of standardised ITS protocols and standards required to support ITS,
by the production of a ‘Guide’ to explain how aspects of UrbanITS can be achieved through combinations/clusters
EI ICIP achieves this by summarising the key requirements in each its work area and providing direct reference to/and summaries of, the standards deliveries available in that work area

Intelligente Verkehrssysteme - EU-ICIP - ITS-Standards (2022)

Systèmes de transport intelligents - EU-ICIP - Livrables des normes ITS (2022)

Inteligentni transportni sistemi - EU-ICIP - Standardi ITS (2022)

EU-ICIP bo urbanim upravnim organom, cestnim organom in državam članicam EU pojasnil in jim pomagal razumeti splet standardov, potrebnih za doseganje njihovih ciljev za urbane – inteligentne transportne sisteme in ITS na splošno, ter zagotovil smernice za prehod od abstraktnih
arhitekturnih konceptov k njihovi učinkoviti vzpostavitvi. EU-ICIP bo podpiral družino odprtih (obstoječih) standardov, ki se navezujejo na skupne komunikacijske protokole in protokole CITS ter sorodne definicije podatkov, ki v kombinacijah omogočajo delovanje in upravljanje urbanih ITS/ITS, in se bodo sklicevali na standarde aplikacij, kjer je to primerno/na voljo. EU-ICIP bo agencijam, ki izvajajo in upravljajo urbane ITS/ITS, zagotavljal smernice, informacije in skladnost delovanja. EU-ICIP bo pomagal pri medagencijskem usklajevanju in omogočil kombiniranje opreme različnih vrst ter različnih proizvajalcev znotraj istih komunikacijskih sistemov; morebitne uporabnike bo obveščal o težavah z združljivostjo in nezdružljivostjo različnih možnosti ter zagotavljal priložnosti za usposabljanje in smernice univerzam za pomoč pri programih usposabljanja za strokovnjake ITS. Zahtevano delo je predlagano v dveh delih: a) identifikacija in opis standardiziranih protokolov ITS in standardov, potrebnih za podporo ITS,
s pripravo »Vodnika«, ki pojasnjuje, kako je mogoče s kombinacijami/gručami doseči vidike urbanega ITS.
Tako EU-ICIP povzema ključne zahteve na posameznih delovnih področjih in zagotavlja neposredno sklicevanje na/in povzetke dobav standardov, ki so na voljo na posameznem delovnem področju.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
05-Oct-2022
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
19-Sep-2022
Due Date
24-Nov-2022
Completion Date
06-Oct-2022

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TP CEN/TR 17868:2022
01-november-2022
Inteligentni transportni sistemi - EU-ICIP - Standardi ITS (2022)
Intelligent transport systems - EU-ICIP - ITS standards deliverables (2022)
Intelligente Verkehrssysteme - EU-ICIP - ITS-Standards (2022)
Systèmes de transport intelligents - EU-ICIP - Livrables des normes ITS (2022)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TR 17868:2022
ICS:
35.240.60 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in transport
prometu
SIST-TP CEN/TR 17868:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TP CEN/TR 17868:2022
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SIST-TP CEN/TR 17868:2022
CEN/TR 17868
TECHNICAL REPORT
RAPPORT TECHNIQUE
August 2022
TECHNISCHER REPORT
ICS 35.240.60
English Version
Intelligent transport systems - EU-ICIP - ITS standards
deliverables (2022)

Systèmes de transport intelligents - EU-ICIP - Livrables Intelligente Verkehrssysteme - EU-ICIP - ITS-Standards

des normes ITS (2022) (2022)

This Technical Report was approved by CEN on 24 July 2022. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 278.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Türkiye and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2022 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TR 17868:2022 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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CEN/TR 17868:2022 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ................................................................................................................. 31

Introduction .............................................................................................................................. 32

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................... 33

2 References ..................................................................................................................... 33

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................. 33

4 Abbreviations and acronyms .................................................................................... 33

5 About ITS ....................................................................................................................... 45

6 About EU-ICIP ............................................................................................................... 46

6.0 Background ................................................................................................................... 46

6.1 Context ........................................................................................................................... 46

6.2 Understanding EU-ICIP ............................................................................................... 47

6.3 EU-ICIP and the US NTCIP ........................................................................................... 48

6.4 Designing ITS systems ................................................................................................ 49

6.5 How to Use EU-ICIP (generic) .................................................................................... 49

6.5.1 First identify your ITS Subject area and define its scope clearly ....................... 49

6.5.2 Stakeholder and sponsor identification and analysis .......................................... 50

6.5.3 Identify and resource the project team ................................................................... 50

6.5.4 Identify and characterise your project plan ........................................................... 51

6.5.5 Create a work content analysis / project schedule ............................................... 51

6.5.6 Review ............................................................................................................................ 51

6.5.7 Keeping track ................................................................................................................ 51

6.5.8 Review the critical path .............................................................................................. 51

6.6 Procurement for ITS projects .................................................................................... 52

6.6.1 General procurement principles .............................................................................. 52

6.6.2 Situations to avoid in ITS project procurement .................................................... 52

6.7 Implementing ITS systems ......................................................................................... 53

6.8 Strategic level aspects ................................................................................................. 53

6.8.1 Strategic level aspects of ITS Systems...................................................................... 53

6.8.2 Relative impact of ITS Projects ................................................................................. 58

6.9 Information level aspects ........................................................................................... 58

6.10 Application level aspects ............................................................................................ 59

6.11 Communications aspects ............................................................................................ 60

6.12 Testing ............................................................................................................................ 60

6.13 EU-ICIP Maintenance ................................................................................................... 61

6.14 EU-ICIP : About The Team .......................................................................................... 62

7 ITS Architecture ........................................................................................................... 64

7.0 Introduction and scope ............................................................................................... 64

7.1 Actors in ITS Architecture .......................................................................................... 64

7.1.1 Architectures for ITS systems ................................................................................... 64

7.1.2 Use of architecture models ........................................................................................ 64

7.1.3 More than one architecture for the same system ................................................. 65

7.1.4 Views of an ITS system and related architectures ................................................ 66

7.1.5 General frameworks ................................................................................................... 67

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7.1.6 An architecture for each view? ................................................................................. 69

7.2 ITS architecture tools ................................................................................................. 69

7.2.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................. 69

7.3 Viewpoint specific architecture standards ............................................................ 74

7.3.1 Information structures and data architectures .................................................... 74

7.4 Roles and responsibilities in ITS systems .............................................................. 75

7.4.1 Context ........................................................................................................................... 75

7.5 ITS Services architecture ........................................................................................... 76

7.5.1 Context ........................................................................................................................... 76

7.6 Design and implementation architectures ............................................................ 77

7.6.1 Context ........................................................................................................................... 77

7.7 The ITS architecture standards ................................................................................ 78

7.8 Cyber security .............................................................................................................. 79

7.9 Identification ................................................................................................................ 79

7.9.1 Architectural frameworks ......................................................................................... 79

7.9.2 System specifications (EN ISO 14815)..................................................................... 80

7.9.3 Numbering and data structure (EN ISO 14816) .................................................... 80

7.9.4 Numbering and data structures for intermodal goods transport (EN ISO

17262) ........................................................................................................................... 80

7.9.5 System parameters for intermodal goods transport (EN ISO 17263) .............. 80

7.9.6 Automatic vehicle and equipment identification — Interfaces EN ISO 17264 80

8 ITS Communications ................................................................................................... 81

8.0 General considerations on communications for EU-ICIP compliant systems . 81

8.0.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................. 81

8.0.2 General guidelines ...................................................................................................... 82

8.0.3 Communication profiles and station architectures.............................................. 82

8.0.4 Basic principles of communications ........................................................................ 83

8.0.5 Communication needs of ITS applications ............................................................. 84

8.0.6 Geo-fencing ................................................................................................................... 85

8.0.7 Cyber security .............................................................................................................. 86

8.0.8 Facilities ........................................................................................................................ 86

8.0.9 Service initiation: pre-defined or negotiated communications ......................... 87

8.0.10 Hybrid communications ............................................................................................. 88

8.0.11 Station management of communications ............................................................... 88

8.1 Legacy communication technologies ...................................................................... 91

8.1.1 General .......................................................................................................................... 91

8.1.2 IP suites of protocols .................................................................................................. 91

8.1.3 Cellular technologies (WANs) ................................................................................... 92

8.1.4 Identified communication profiles .......................................................................... 97

Table 8.1 - Communication protocols ..................................................................................... 97

Table 8.2 - Communication protocol stacks ............................................................................ 99

Table 8.3 - Communication profiles ...................................................................................... 100

Table 8.4 - Further communication protocols ...................................................................... 100

Table 8.5 - Further communication protocol stacks ............................................................ 101

Table 8.6 - Further communication profiles ......................................................................... 101

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8.2 Communications for EU-ICIP use-case domains .................................................. 101

8.2.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................ 101

8.2.2 Automatic vehicle identification............................................................................. 102

8.2.3 Cooperative connected and automated mobility & connected vehicles ......... 102

8.2.4 eSafety/ eCall .............................................................................................................. 102

8.2.5 Electronic fee collection / road tolling .................................................................. 102

8.2.6 Freight and Fleet ........................................................................................................ 102

8.2.7 Kerbside/Automated Mobility ................................................................................ 102

8.2.8 Parking ......................................................................................................................... 102

8.2.9 Public Transport ........................................................................................................ 102

8.2.10 Railway traffic information ..................................................................................... 102

8.2.11 Recovery of stolen vehicles ...................................................................................... 103

8.2.12 Road Traffic Data, Spatial Data/TN-ITS ................................................................. 103

8.2.13 Traffic Control & Management ................................................................................ 103

8.2.14 Traffic and Traveller Information .......................................................................... 103

8.2.15 Mobility Integration .................................................................................................. 103

8.2.16 Urban ITS ..................................................................................................................... 103

8.3 Communications Standards used in ITS ................................................................ 103

8.3.1 ISO Standards.............................................................................................................. 103

8.3.2 CEN Standards ............................................................................................................ 138

8.3.3 ETSI standards ............................................................................................................ 145

8.3.4 IEEE standards ............................................................................................................ 159

8.3.5 ITU recommendations .............................................................................................. 162

8.3.6 SAE specifications ...................................................................................................... 162

8.3.7 Conformance test specifications ............................................................................. 163

8.4 Regulations and Directives ...................................................................................... 174

8.5 S8 Bibliography .......................................................................................................... 175

9 CCAM/’Connected Vehicle’/C-ITS ........................................................................... 176

9.0.1 Background ................................................................................................................. 176

9.0.2 Overview of service ................................................................................................... 176

9.0.3 CCAM & Connected vehicles context ...................................................................... 177

9.0.4 Scope of this Section .................................................................................................. 179

9.0.5 Overview of stakeholders/actors ........................................................................... 180

9.0.6 Links to other ITS services ....................................................................................... 181

9.1 Digital Platforms ........................................................................................................ 181

9.1.1 Purpose ........................................................................................................................ 181

9.1.2 Actors ........................................................................................................................... 183

9.1.3 System context ............................................................................................................ 183

9.1.4 Relevant standards .................................................................................................... 184

9.1.5 Legislation ................................................................................................................... 184

9.2 Digital road infrastructure ...................................................................................... 185

9.2.1 Purpose ........................................................................................................................ 185

9.2.2 Actors ........................................................................................................................... 189

9.2.3 System context ............................................................................................................ 190

9.2.4 Relevant standards .................................................................................................... 190

9.2.5 Legislation ................................................................................................................... 191

9.3 Operational road infrastructure ............................................................................. 192

9.3.1 Purpose ........................................................................................................................ 192

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9.3.2 Actors ........................................................................................................................... 193

9.3.3 System context ........................................................................................................... 193

9.3.4 Relevant standards ................................................................................................... 193

9.3.5 Legislation ................................................................................................................... 193

9.4 Physical road infrastructure ................................................................................... 194

9.4.1 Purpose ........................................................................................................................ 194

9.4.2 Actors ........................................................................................................................... 195

9.4.3 System context ........................................................................................................... 195

9.4.4 Relevant standards ................................................................................................... 196

9.4.5 Legislation ................................................................................................................... 196

9.5 Vehicle technologies ................................................................................................. 196

9.5.1 Purpose ........................................................................................................................ 196

9.5.2 Actors ........................................................................................................................... 198

9.5.3 System context ........................................................................................................... 198

9.5.4 Relevant standards ................................................................................................... 198

9.5.5 Legislation ................................................................................................................... 199

9.6 Cybersecurity & Privacy ........................................................................................... 199

9.6.1 Purpose ........................................................................................................................ 199

9.6.2 Actors ........................................................................................................................... 201

9.6.3 System context ........................................................................................................... 202

9.6.4 Relevant standards ................................................................................................... 202

9.6.5 Legislation ................................................................................................................... 205

9.7 Bibliography Section 9 ............................................................................................ 205

10 EFC/ Tolling ................................................................................................................ 208

10.1 Overview of the EFC community............................................................................. 208

10.2 Roles internal to the EFC domain ........................................................................... 209

10.2.1 Overview ..................................................................................................................... 209

10.2.2 Interoperability Manager ........................................................................................ 209

10.2.3 Toll Service Provider ................................................................................................ 210

10.2.4 User of the service ..................................................................................................... 211

10.2.5 Toll Charger ................................................................................................................ 211

10.2.6 EFC functional roles and responsibilities ............................................................. 212

10.3 Use cases and linking to standards ........................................................................ 213

10.3.1 General ........................................................................................................................ 213

10.3.2 Providing EFC contract ............................................................................................. 214

10.3.3 Collecting transit and transit information ........................................................... 215

10.3.4 Providing payment information ............................................................................. 218

10.3.5 Detecting exceptions................................................................................................. 219

10.3.6 Handling exceptions ................................................................................................. 221

10.3.7 Providing local information .................................................................................... 222

10.3.8 User billing .................................................................................................................. 222

10.4 European electronic toll service legislation ........................................................ 224

10.5 EETS legal provisions and standards .................................................................... 225

10.5.0 How standards underpin the EETS legislation .................................................... 225

10.5.1 Correspondence between EN ISO 14906:2018 and the EETS legislation ....... 225

10.5.2 Correspondence between EN 15509 and the EETS legislation ........................ 225

10.5.3 Correspondence between EN ISO 12183 and the EETS legislation ................. 226

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10.5.4 Correspondence between EN ISO 13141:2015 and the EETS legislation ....... 226

10.5.5 Correspondence between CEN TS 16986:2016/AC:2017 and the EETS

legislation .................................................................................................................... 227

10.5.6 Other relevant EU laws and supporting standards ............................................. 228

10.6 Key recent EFC Standards ........................................................................................ 229

10.6.1 CEN ISO TS 17573-3:2021 ........................................................................................ 229

10.6.2 CEN TR 17546:2020 ................................................................................................... 230

10.6.3 FprCEN ISO DTR 6026:2021 ..................................................................................... 232

10.7 Bibliography S.10 EFC .............................................................................................. 233

11 eSafety/ eCall .............................................................................................................. 237

11.0 Overview of the eCall service .................................................................................. 237

11.1 Benefits ........................................................................................................................ 237

11.2 ‘Types’ of eCall ............................................................................................................ 238

11.3 ECall for cars and small vans (Mandatory) ........................................................... 238

11.4 Co-existence of 112-eCall and ‘third-party’ assistance provider eCall ........... 239

11.5 eCall for other categories of vehicle ....................................................................... 239

11.6 eCall for powered two-wheeled vehicles and other vehicle categories ......... 240

11.7 eCall for commercial vehicles.................................................................................. 240

11.8 eCall for coaches and buses ..................................................................................... 240

11.9 eCall for agricultural vehicles ................................................................................. 240

11.10 Aftermarket 112-eCall .............................................................................................. 240

11.11 eCall for C-ITS Equipped vehicles ........................................................................... 241

11.12 eCall for automated and autonomous vehicles .................................................... 241

11.13 Migrating to new wireless communications technologies ................................ 241

11.14 eCall via Satellite communications ........................................................................ 241

11.15 Links to other ITS services ....................................................................................... 242

11.16 ECall architecture ...................................................................................................... 242

11.16.1 Purpose & Scope .................................................................................................. 242

11.17 Actors and elements .................................................................................................. 244

11.17.1 eCall PSAP.............................................................................................................. 244

11.17.2 eCall transaction .................................................................................................. 244

11.17.3 Emergency responder ........................................................................................ 244

11.17.4 in-vehicle equipment/ in-vehicle system or ‘IVS’ ......................................... 244

11.17.5 Minimum set of data or ‘MSD’ ........................................................................... 244

11.17.6 Most appropriate PSAP ...................................................................................... 244

11.17.7 Optional additional data .................................................................................... 244

11.17.8 Public mobile wireless communications network ....................................... 244

11.17.9 Public safety answering poi
...

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