Aggregates for concrete

This European Standard specifies requirements for normal and heavy weight natural aggregates, artificial aggregates and recycled aggregates and mixtures of these aggregates for use in concrete. It covers aggregates for all concrete, including concrete in conformity with prEN 206-1 and concrete used in roads and other pavements and for use in precast concrete products. It also specifies requirements for evaluation of conformity and a quality control system for use in factory production control.

Gesteinskörnungen für Beton

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen für normale und schwere natürliche, künstliche oder recycelte Gesteinskörnungen und Mischungen daraus für die Verwendung als Betonzuschlag fest. Eingeschlossen sind Gesteinskörnungen für alle Betonarten, einschließlich Beton nach prEN 206-1, und Beton zur Verwendung in Straßen und anderen Deckschichten und für die Verwendung in Betonfertigteilen. Sie legt auch Anforderungen für den Konformitätsnachweis und ein System zur Qualitätssicherung zur Anwendung in der werkseigenen Produktionskontrolle fest.

Granulats pour bétons

La présente norme européenne spécifie les caractéristiques des granulats naturels, courants et lourds, des granulats artificiels, des granulats recyclés et des mélanges de ces granulats qui sont utilisés dans la fabrication du béton. Elle s'applique aux granulats pour tous bétons, y compris les bétons conformes au prEN 206-1 et aux bétons utilisés dans la fabrication des routes et chaussées ainsi qu'aux granulats entrant dans la composition des produits préfabriqués en béton.

Agregati za beton

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
30-Nov-2002
Withdrawal Date
14-Jul-2008
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
10-Jul-2008
Due Date
02-Aug-2008
Completion Date
15-Jul-2008

RELATIONS

Effective Date
22-Dec-2008
Effective Date
01-Sep-2008

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Aggregates for concreteAgregati za betonGranulats pour bétonsGesteinskörnungen für Beton91.100.30Beton in betonski izdelkiConcrete and concrete products91.100.15Mineralni materiali in izdelkiMineral materials and productsICS:SIST EN 12620:2002enTa slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12620:200201-december-2002SIST EN 12620:2002SLOVENSKI

STANDARD

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 12620September 2002ICS 91.100.15; 91.100.30English versionAggregates for concreteGranulats pour bétonsGesteinskörnungen für BetonThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 1 August 2002.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2002 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 12620:2002 E

EN 12620:2002 (E)2ContentspageForeword......................................................................................................................................................................31Scope..............................................................................................................................................................42Normative references....................................................................................................................................43Terms and definitions....................................................................................................................................54Geometrical requirements............................................................................................................................65Physical requirements.................................................................................................................................136Chemical requirements...............................................................................................................................177Evaluation of conformity.............................................................................................................................188Designation...................................................................................................................................................199Marking and labelling..................................................................................................................................19Annex A (informative)

Illustration of grading requirements for most commonly used sizes for gradedcoarse aggregates.......................................................................................................................................20Annex B (informative)

Guidance on the description of coarseness/fineness of fine aggregates...................22Annex C (normative)

Reduced grading tolerances on producer’s declared typical grading for fineaggregate......................................................................................................................................................23Annex D (normative)

Assessment of fines............................................................................................................24Annex E (informative)

Guidance on the use of aggregates in concrete.............................................................25Annex F (informative)

Notes for guidance on the freezing and thawing resistance of aggregates................26Annex G (informative)

Guidance on the effects of some chemical constituents of aggregates on thedurability of concrete in which they are incorporated.............................................................................28Annex H (normative)

Factory production control.................................................................................................30Annex ZA (informative)

Clauses of this European Standard addressing essential requirements orother provisions of EU Directives..............................................................................................................37Bibliography..............................................................................................................................................................47

EN 12620:2002 (E)3ForewordThis document EN 12620:2002 has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 154 "Aggregates", thesecretariat of which is held by BSI.This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text orby endorsement, at the latest by March 2003, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest byJune 2004.This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the EuropeanFree Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.Annexes A, B, E, F and G are informative. Annexes C, D and H are normative.This standard includes a Bibliography.Requirements for other end uses of aggregates will be specified in the following European Standards:EN 13043Aggregates for bituminous mixtures and surface treatments for roads, airfields andother trafficked areasEN 13055-1Lightweight aggregates - Part 1 : Lightweight aggregates for concrete, mortar and groutprEN 13055-2Lightweight aggregates - Part 2 : Lightweight aggregates for unbound and bound applicationsEN 13139Aggregates for mortarprEN 13242Aggregates for unbound and hydraulically bound materials for use in civil engineeringwork and road constructionEN 13383-1Armourstone - Part 1: SpecificationprEN 13450Aggregates for railway ballastAccording to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the followingcountries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland,France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain,Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

EN 12620:2002 (E)41 ScopeThis European Standard specifies the properties of aggregates and filler aggregates obtained by processing natural,manufactured or recycled materials and mixtures of these aggregates for use in concrete.

It covers aggregateshaving an oven dried particle density greater than 2,00 Mg/m3 (2 000 kg/m3) for all concrete, including concrete inconformity with EN 206-1 and concrete used in roads and other pavements and for use in precast concrete products.It also specifies that a quality control system is in place for use in factory production control and it provides for theevaluation of conformity of the products to this European Standard.This standard does not cover filler aggregates to be used as a constituent in cement or as other than inert filleraggregates for concrete.NOTE 1The requirements in this European Standard are based upon experience with aggregate types with an establishedpattern of use.

Care should be taken when considering the use of aggregates from sources with no such pattern of use, e.g.,recycled aggregates and aggregates arising from certain industrial by-products.

Such aggregates, which should comply with allthe requirements of this European Standard, could have other characteristics not included in Mandate M 125 that do not applyto the generality of aggregates types with an established pattern of use and when required, provisions valid at the place of usecan be used to assess their suitability.NOTE 2Properties for lightweight aggregates are specified in prEN 13055-1:1997.2 Normative referencesThis European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications.

Thesenormative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text, and the publications are listed hereafter.

Fordated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this EuropeanStandard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision.

For undated references, the latest edition of thepublication referred to applies (including amendments).EN 196-21:1989, Methods of testing cement — Part 21: Determination of the chloride, carbon dioxide and alkalicontent of cement.EN 932-3, Tests for general properties of aggregates — Part 3: Procedure and terminology for simplified petrographicdescription.EN 932-5, Tests for general properties of aggregates — Part 5: Common equipment and calibration.EN 933-1, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates — Part 1: Determination of particle size distribution - Sievingmethod.EN 933-3, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates — Part 3: Determination of particle shape —Flakiness index.EN 933-4, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates — Part 4: Determination of particle shape — Shape index.EN 933-7, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates — Part 7: Determination of shell content — Percentage ofshells in coarse aggregates.EN 933-8, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates — Part 8: Assessment of fines — Sand equivalent test.EN 933-9, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates — Part 9: Assessment of fines — Methylene blue test.EN 933-10, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates — Part 10: Assessment of fines — Grading of fillers (air jetsieving).EN 1097-1, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates — Part 1: Determination of the resistance towear (micro-Deval).

EN 12620:2002 (E)5EN 1097-2:1998, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates — Part 2: Methods for thedetermination of resistance to fragmentation.EN 1097-3, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates — Part 3: Determination of loose bulk densityand voids.EN 1097-6, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates — Part 6: Determination of particle densityand water absorption.EN 1097-8:1999, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates — Part 8: Determination of the polishedstone value.EN 1097-9, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates — Part 9: Determination of the resistance towear by abrasion from studded tyres — Nordic test.EN 1367-1:1999, Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates — Part 1: Determination of resistanceto freezing and thawing.EN 1367-2, Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates — Part 2: Magnesium sulfate test.EN 1367-4, Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates — Part 4: Determination of drying shrinkage.EN 1744-1:1998, Tests for chemical properties of aggregates — Part 1: Chemical analysis.ISO 565:1990, Test sieves — Metal wire cloth, perforated metal plate and electroformed sheet — Nominal sizes ofopenings.3 Terms and definitionsFor the purposes of this European Standard, the following terms and definitions apply.3.1aggregategranular material used in construction. Aggregate may be natural, manufactured or re-cycled3.2natural aggregateaggregate from mineral sources which has been subjected to nothing more than mechanical processing3.3all-in aggregateaggregate consisting of a mixture of coarse and fine aggregatesNOTEIt can be produced without separating into coarse and fine fractions or it may be produced by combining coarse andfine aggregate.3.4manufactured aggregateaggregate of mineral origin resulting from an industrial process involving thermal or other modification3.5recycled aggregateaggregate resulting from the processing of inorganic material previously used in construction3.6filler aggregateaggregate, most of which passes a 0,063 mm sieve, which can be added to construction materials to provide certainpropertiesNOTESee 3.12 for the definition of "fines".

EN 12620:2002 (E)63.7aggregate sizedesignation of aggregate in terms of lower (d) and upper (D) sieve sizes expressed as d/DNOTEThis designation accepts the presence of some particles which are retained on the upper sieve (oversize) and somewhich pass the lower sieve (undersize).3.8fine aggregatedesignation given to the smaller aggregate sizes with D less than or equal to 4 mmNOTEFine aggregate can be produced from natural disintegration of rock or gravel and/or by the crushing of rock or gravelor processing of manufactured aggregate.3.9coarse aggregatedesignation given to the larger aggregate sizes with D greater than or equal to 4 mm and d greater than or equal to2 mm3.10natural graded 0/8 mm aggregatedesignation given to natural aggregate of glacial and/or fluvial origin with D less than or equal to 8 mmNOTEThis aggregate can also be produced by blending processed aggregate.3.11batchproduction quantity, a delivery quantity, a partial delivery quantity (railway wagon-load, lorry-load, ship's cargo) or astockpile produced at one time under conditions that are presumed uniformNOTEWith a continuous process the quantity produced during a specified period should be treated as a batch.3.12finesparticle size fraction of an aggregate which passes the 0,063 mm sieve3.13categorylevel of a property of an aggregate expressed as a range of values or a limiting valueNOTEThere is no relationship between the categories of different properties.3.14gradingparticle size distribution expressed as the percentages by mass passing a specified set of sieves4 Geometrical requirements4.1 GeneralThe necessity for testing and declaring all properties specified in this clause shall be limited according to theparticular application at end use or origin of the aggregate.

When required, the tests specified in clause 4 shall becarried out to determine appropriate geometrical properties.NOTE 1When the value of a property is required but not defined by specified limits the value should be declared by theproducer as an XXDeclared category, e.g., in Table 8 a value of say 55 for the flakiness index corresponds to FI55 (Declared value).NOTE 2When a property is not required, a “No requirement” category can be used.NOTE 3Guidance on selection of approriate categories for specific applications can be found in national provisions in theplace of use of the aggregate.

EN 12620:2002 (E)74.2 Aggregate sizesAll aggregates shall be described in terms of aggregate sizes using the designations d/D except for aggregates addedas fillers which shall be specified as filler aggregate and shall comply with the grading requirements specified in 4.3.Aggregate sizes shall be specified using a pair of sieve sizes selected from the basic set, or the basic set plus set 1,or the basic set plus set 2 in Table 1.

A combination of sizes from set 1 and set 2 is not permissible.Aggregate sizes shall have D/d not less than 1,4.Table 1 — Sieve sizes for specifying aggregate sizesBasic setmmBasic set plus set 1mmBasic set plus set 2mm0124––8––––16––31,5 (32)––6301245,6 (5)–8–11,2 (11)––16–22,4 (22)31,5 (32)–45630124–6,3 (6)810–12,5 (12)141620–31,5 (32)40–63NOTE

Rounded sizes shown in parentheses can be used as simplified descriptions ofaggregate sizes.4.3 Grading4.3.1 GeneralThe grading of the aggregate, when determined in accordance with EN 933-1, shall comply with the requirements of4.3.1 to 4.3.6 as appropriate to its aggregate size d/D.NOTEWhen aggregates of significantly different density are blended caution is necessary to avoid segregation.When assessing aggregates within a system of factory production control at least 90 % of gradings, taken ondifferent batches within a maximum period of 6 months, shall fall within the limits specified in 4.3.2 to 4.3.6 fortolerances on producers’ declared typical gradings.

EN 12620:2002 (E)84.3.2 Coarse aggregatesAll coarse aggregates shall comply with the general grading requirements specified in Table 2 appropriate to theirsize designation d/D and the selected categories from Table 2.Table 2 — General grading requirementsPercentage passing by massCategoryG dAggregateSize2 D1,4 D a & bD cd bd/2 a & bCoarseD/d

2 or D

11,2 mm10010098 to 10098 to 10085 to 9980 to 990 to 200 to 200 to 50 to 5GC85/20GC80/20D/d > 2 and D > 11,2 mm10098 to 10090 to 990 to 150 to 5GC90/15FineD

4 mm and d = 010095 to 10085 to 99––GF85Naturalgraded 0/8D = 8 mm and d = 010098 to 10090 to 99––GNG90All-inD

45 mm and d = 010010098 to 10098 to 10090 to 9985 to 99––GA90GA85a

Where the sieves calculated are not exact sieve numbers in the ISO 565:1990 R 20 series then the next

nearest sieve size shall be adopted.b

For gap graded concrete or other special uses additional requirements may be specified.c

The percentage passing D may be greater than 99 % by mass but in such cases the producer shall

document and declare the typical grading including the sieves D, d, d/2 and sieves in the basic set plus set

1 or basic set plus set 2 intermediate between d and D.
Sieves with a ratio less than 1,4 times the next
lower sieve may be excluded.d

Other aggregate product standards have different requirements for categories.For graded coarse aggregates where:a) D > 11,2 mm and D/d > 2; orb) D

11,2 mm and D/d

> 4,the following additional requirements (i) and (ii) shall apply for the percentage passing the mid-size sieve:i) all gradings shall comply with the overall limits given in Table 3;ii) the producer shall document and, on request, declare the typical grading passing the mid-size sieve and

tolerances selected from the categories in Table 3.

EN 12620:2002 (E)9Table 3 — Overall limits and tolerances for coarse aggregate grading at mid-size sievesD/dMid-sizesieve mmOverall limits and tolerances at mid-size sieves(percentage passing by mass)CategoryGTOverall limitsTolerances on producer'sdeclared typical grading< 4D/1,425 to 70± 15GT15 4D/225 to 70

± 17,5

GT17,5Where the mid-size sieve calculated as above is not an exact sieve size in the ISO 565:1990/R20series then the nearest sieve in the series shall be used.NOTE

Overall limits and tolerances for the most common product sizes are illustrated in annex A.For single size coarse aggregates where:a) D > 11,2 mm and D/d

2; orb) D
11,2 mm and D/d

4,there shall be no requirements additional to those specified in Table 2.4.3.3 Fine aggregateFine aggregates shall comply with the general grading requirements specified in Table 2 appropriate to their uppersieve size D.The following additional requirements shall be applied to control the variability of the fine aggregate.The producer shall document and, on request, declare the typical grading for each fine aggregate size produced.Typical grading is expressed as the percentage by mass of aggregate passing through the sieve sizes specified inTable 4.NOTERecommendations for the classification of coarseness of the fine aggregate are given in annex B (Tables B.1and B.2)Fine aggregates in regular satisfactory use for most applications shall comply with the requirements specified inTable 4.

When specified for special uses and cases where the variability of grading is reduced, the gradingtolerances shall be applied in accordance with annex C.Table 4 — Tolerances on producer's declared typical grading for general use fine aggregatesSieve sizeTolerances in percentages passing by massmm0/40/20/14± 5 a––2–± 5 a–1± 20± 20± 5 a0,250± 20± 25± 250,063 b± 3± 5± 5a

Tolerances of ± 5 are further limited by the requirements for the
percentage passing D in Table 2.b
In addition to the tolerances stated the maximum value of the fines
content for the category selected from Table 11 applies for
the percentage passing the 0,063 mm sieve.

EN 12620:2002 (E)104.3.4 Natural graded 0/8 mm aggregateNatural graded 0/8 mm aggregate shall comply with the general grading requirements specified in Table 2.The following additional requirements shall be applied to control the variability of natural graded 0/8 mm aggregate:a) the producer shall document and, on request, declare the typical grading for each aggregate produced;b) gradings shall comply with the tolerances given in Table 5.Table 5 — Tolerances on producer's declared typical grading for natural graded 0/8 mm aggregateSieve sizemmTolerancesPercentages passing by mass8210,2500,1250,063± 5

± 10
± 10

± 10± 3± 24.3.5 All-in aggregateAll-in aggregate shall be supplied as a mixture of coarse and fine aggregate with D

45 mm and d = 0 and shallcomply with the general grading requirements for the category selected from Table 2.All-in aggregates shall also comply with the requirements for the percentage passing the two intermediate sievesspecified in Table 6 appropriate to their aggregate size.Table 6 — Grading requirements for all-in aggregatesAggregate sizemmOverall limits of the sievesindicated below(Percentage passing by mass)40 ± 2070 ± 20Basic set plus set 1Basic set plus set 2For the sievemm-0/8-0/11,2 (11)--0/16-0/22,4 (22)0/31,5 (32)-0/450/6,30/80/10-0/12,5 (12)0/140/160/20-0/31,5 (32)0/40-1112222224444445,6 (5)6,3 (6)881011,2 (11)162022,4 (22)NOTE

Figures in parentheses can be used to provide simplified descriptions of aggregatesizes.

EN 12620:2002 (E)114.3.6 Filler aggregateThe grading of filler aggregate determined in accordance with EN 933-10 shall conform to the limits specified inTable 7.Table 7 — Grading requirements for filler aggregateSieve sizemmPercentage passing by massOverall range forindividual resultsProducer's maximumdeclared range a20,1250,06310085 to 10070 to 100–1010a Declared grading range on the basis of the last 20 values (see Table H.1, line 1).

90 % of

the results shall be within this range, but all the results shall be within the overall grading

range (see column 2 above).4.3.7 Special use aggregateWhen special aggregate gradings are required for a particular end use of the concrete, special grading envelopesshall be defined using the R 20 series of sieves specified in ISO 565:1990 and incorporating the appropriate sievesfrom 0,063 mm; 0,125 mm; 0,250 mm; 0,500 mm; 1 mm; 2 mm; 4 mm; 8 mm; 16 mm; 31,5 mm and 63 mm.4.4 Shape of coarse aggregateWhen required the shape of coarse aggregates shall be determined in terms of the flakiness index, as specified inEN 933-3.

The flakiness index shall be the reference test for the determination of the shape of coarse aggregates.The flakiness index shall be declared in accordance with the relevant category specified in Table 8 according to theparticular application or end use.Table 8 — Categories for maximum values of flakiness indexFlakiness IndexCategoryFI 15 20 35 50> 50FI15FI20FI35FI50

FIDeclaredNo requirementFINRWhere required, the shape index determined in accordance with EN 933-4, shall be declared in accordance withthe relevant category specified in Table 9 according to the particular application or end use.Table 9 — Categories for maximum values of shape indexShape IndexCategorySI 15 20 40 55> 55SI15SI20SI40SI55

SIDeclaredNo requirementSINR

EN 12620:2002 (E)124.5 Shell content of coarse aggregateWhen required, the shell content of coarse aggregate, determined in accordance with EN 933-7, shall be declaredin accordance with the relevant category specified in Table 10 according to the particular application or end use.Table 10 — Category for maximum value of shell content of coarse aggregatesShell content%CategorySC 10> 10SC10

SCDeclaredNo requirement

SCNR4.6 Fines contentThe fines content, determined in accordance with EN 933-1, shall be declared in accordance with the relevantcategory specified in Table 11. The fines content of filler aggregate shall comply with the requirements of Table 7.Table 11 — Categories for maximum values of fines contentAggregate0,063 mm sievePercentage passing bymassCategoryf

1,5 4> 4
f1,5f4
fDeclaredCoarse aggregateNo requirement
fNR 3
> 16f3 f10 f16
fDeclaredNatural graded 0/8 mmaggregateNo requirementfNR 3
> 11f3 f11
fDeclaredAll-in aggregateNo requirementfNR 3
> 22f3 f10 f16 f22

fDeclaredFine aggregateNo requirementfNR4.7 Fines qualityThe harmfulness of the fines in fine aggregate, including filler aggregate, shall be assessed in accordance withannex D.

EN 12620:2002 (E)135 Physical requirements5.1 GeneralThe necessity for testing and declaring all properties specified in this clause shall be limited according to theparticular application at end use or origin of the aggregate.

When required, the tests specified in clause 5 shall becarried out to determine appropriate physical properties.NOTE 1When the value of a property is required but not defined by specified limits the value should be declared by theproducer as an XXDeclared category, e.g., in Table 12 a value of say 60 for the Los Angeles coefficient corresponds toLA60 (Declared value).NOTE 2When a property is not required, a “No requirement” category can be used.NOTE 3Guidance on selection of approriate categories for specific applications can be found in national provisions in theplace of use of the aggregate.5.2 Resistance to fragmentation of coarse aggregateWhen required the resistance to fragmentation shall be determined in terms of the Los Angeles coefficient, asspecified in EN 1097-2:1998, clause 5.

The Los Angeles test method shall be the reference test for thedetermination of resistance to fragmentation.

The Los Angeles coefficient shall be declared in accordance with therelevant category specified in Table 12 according to the particular application or end use.Table 12 — Categories for maximum values of Los Angeles coefficientsLos Angeles coefficientCategoryLA 15£ 20£ 25£ 30£ 35£ 40£ 50> 50LA15LA20LA25LA30LA35LA40LA50

LADeclaredNo requirementLANRWhere required, the impact value determined in accordance with EN 1097-2:1998, clause 6, shall be declared inaccordance with the relevant category specified in Table 13 according to the particular application or end use.

EN 12620:2002 (E)14Table 13 — Categories for maximum values of resistance to impactImpact value%CategorySZ 18 22 26 32> 32SZ18SZ22SZ26SZ32

SZDeclaredNo requirementSZNR5.3 Resistance to wear of coarse aggregateWhen required the resistance to wear of coarse aggregate (micro-Deval coefficient, MDE) shall be determined inaccordance with EN 1097-1.

The micro-Deval coefficient shall be declared in accordance with the relevantcategory specified in Table 14 according to the particular application or end use.Table 14 — Categories for maximum values of resistance to wearmicro-Deval coefficientCategoryMDE 10 15 20 25 35> 35MDE10MDE15MDE20MDE25MDE35

MDEDeclaredNo requirementMDENR5.4 Resistance to polishing and abrasion of coarse aggregate to be used for surface courses5.4.1 Resistance to polishing (polished stone value - PSV)When required the resistance to polishing of coarse aggregate to be used for surface courses (polished stonevalue – PSV) shall be determined in accordance with EN 1097-8.The resistance to polishing shall be declared in accordance with the relevant category specified in Table 15.Table 15 — Categories for minimum values of resistance to polishingPolished stone valueCategoryPSVIntermediate values and those < 44PSV68PSV62PSV56PSV50PSV44

PSV DeclaredNo requirementPSVNR

EN 12620:2002 (E)155.4.2Resistance to surface abrasion (aggregate abrasion value - AAV)When required the resistance to surface abrasion (aggregate abrasion value - AAV), shall be determined inaccordance with EN 1097-8:1999, annex A.The resistance to surface abrasion shall be declared in accordance with the relevant category specified inTable 16.Table 16 — Categories for maximum values of resistance to surface abrasionAggregate abrasion valueCategoryAAV 10 15 20Intermediate values and those > 20AAV10AAV15AAV20

AAVDeclaredNo requirementAAVNR5.4.2 Resistance to abrasion from studded tyresWhen required the resistance to abrasion from studded tyres (Nordic abrasion value - AN), shall be determined inaccordance with EN 1097-9.

Resistance to abrasion from studded tyres, shall be declared in accordance with therelevant category specified in Table 17.Table 17 — Categories for maximum values of resistance to abrasion from studded tyresNordic abrasion valueCategoryAN

7 10 14 19 30Intermediate values and those > 30AN7 AN10 AN14 AN19 AN30

ANDeclaredNo requirement ANNR5.5 Particle density and water absorptionWhen required the particle density and water absorption shall be determined in accordance with EN 1097-6 andthe results declared on request stating the means of determination and the calculations used.5.6 Bulk densityWhen required the bulk density shall be determined in accordance with EN 1097-3 and the results declared onrequest.

EN 12620:2002 (E)165.7 Durability5.7.1 Freeze/thaw resistance of coarse aggregateIf frost resistant aggregates are required for concrete used in an environment subject to freezing and thawing, theresistance to freezing determined in accordance with EN 1367-1 or EN 1367-2 shall be declared in accordance withthe relevant category specified in Table 18 or Table 19.NOTEGuidance on the use of aggregates in an environment that is subject to freezing and thawing is given in annex F.Advice on the use of the water absorption value as a screening test for freeze/thaw resistance is given in F.2.3.Table 18 — Categories for maximum values of freeze-thaw resistan

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