European digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2); Multiplexing and multiple access on the radio path (GSM 05.02)

....

Evropski digitalni celični telekomunikacijski sistem (faza 2) – Multipleksiranje in sodostop na radijski poti (GSM 05.02)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Nov-2003
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Dec-2003
Due Date
01-Dec-2003
Completion Date
01-Dec-2003

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ETS 300 574 E1:2003
01-december-2003

(YURSVNLGLJLWDOQLFHOLþQLWHOHNRPXQLNDFLMVNLVLVWHP ID]D ±0XOWLSOHNVLUDQMHLQ

VRGRVWRSQDUDGLMVNLSRWL *60

European digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2); Multiplexing and multiple

access on the radio path (GSM 05.02)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ETS 300 574 Edition 1
ICS:
33.040.20 Prenosni sistem Transmission systems
33.070.50 Globalni sistem za mobilno Global System for Mobile
telekomunikacijo (GSM) Communication (GSM)
SIST ETS 300 574 E1:2003 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST ETS 300 574 E1:2003
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SIST ETS 300 574 E1:2003
EUROPEAN ETS 300 574
TELECOMMUNICATION September 1994
STANDARD
Source: ETSI TC-SMG Reference: GSM 05.02
ICS: 33.060.30

European digital cellular telecommunications system, Global System for Mobile communications

Key words:
(GSM)
European digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2);
Multiplexing and multiple access on the radio path
(GSM 05.02)
ETSI
European Telecommunications Standards Institute
ETSI Secretariat
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis CEDEX - FRANCE
Postal address:
650 Route des Lucioles - Sophia Antipolis - Valbonne - FRANCE
Office address:
c=fr, a=atlas, p=etsi, s=secretariat - secretariat@etsi.fr
X.400: Internet:
Tel.: +33 92 94 42 00 - Fax: +33 93 65 47 16

Copyright Notification: No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission. The copyright and the

foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 1995. All rights reserved.
New presentation - see History box
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ETS 300 574: September 1994 (GSM 05.02 version 4.4.2)

Whilst every care has been taken in the preparation and publication of this document, errors in content,

typographical or otherwise, may occur. If you have comments concerning its accuracy, please write to

"ETSI Editing and Committee Support Dept." at the address shown on the title page.

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ETS 300 574: September 1994 (GSM 05.02 version 4.4.2)
Contents

Foreword .......................................................................................................................................................5

1.1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................7

1.2 Normative references..........................................................................................................................7

1.3 Definitions and abbreviations ..............................................................................................................7

2. General................................................................................................................................................7

3. Logical channels..................................................................................................................................8

3.1 General ................................................................................................................................8

3.2 Traffic channels ...................................................................................................................8

3.2.1 General............................................................................................................8

3.2.2 Speech traffic channels...................................................................................8

3.2.3 Data traffic channels........................................................................................8

3.3 Control channels..................................................................................................................8

3.3.1 General............................................................................................................8

3.3.2 Broadcast channels.........................................................................................8

3.3.2.1 Frequency correction channel (FCCH)..................................8

3.3.2.2 Synchronization channel (SCH).............................................9

3.3.2.3 Broadcast control channel (BCCH) .......................................9

3.3.3 Common control type channels, known when combined as a common

control channel (CCCH): .................................................................................9

3.3.4 Dedicated control channels...........................................................................10

3.3.5 Cell Broadcast Channel (CBCH)...................................................................10

3.4 Combination of channels ...................................................................................................10

4. The physical resource .......................................................................................................................10

4.1 General ..............................................................................................................................10

4.2 Radio frequency channels .................................................................................................10

4.2.1 Cell allocation and mobile allocation .............................................................10

4.2.2 Downlink and uplink ......................................................................................10

4.3 Timeslots and TDMA frames.............................................................................................11

4.3.1 General..........................................................................................................11

4.3.2 Timeslot number ...........................................................................................11

4.3.3 TDMA frame number.....................................................................................11

5. Physical channels..............................................................................................................................11

5.1 General ..............................................................................................................................11

5.2 Bursts.................................................................................................................................11

5.2.1 General..........................................................................................................11

5.2.2 Types of burst and burst timing.....................................................................12

5.2.3 Normal burst (NB) .........................................................................................12

5.2.4 Frequency correction burst (FB)....................................................................13

5.2.5 Synchronization burst (SB)............................................................................13

5.2.6 Dummy burst.................................................................................................14

5.2.7 Access burst (AB)..........................................................................................14

5.2.8 Guard period .................................................................................................14

5.3 Physical channels and bursts ............................................................................................15

5.4 Radio frequency channel sequence...................................................................................15

5.5 Timeslot and TDMA frame sequence................................................................................15

5.6 Parameters for channel definition and assignment ...........................................................15

5.6.1 General..........................................................................................................15

5.6.2 General parameters ......................................................................................15

5.6.3 Specific parameters ......................................................................................16

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ETS 300 574: September 1994 (GSM 05.02 version 4.4.2)

6. Mapping of logical channels onto physical channels ........................................................................ 16

6.1 General.............................................................................................................................. 16

6.2 Mapping in frequency of logical channels onto physical channels .................................... 16

6.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 16

6.2.2 Parameters ................................................................................................... 16

6.2.3 Hopping sequence generation...................................................................... 16

6.2.4 Specific cases............................................................................................... 17

6.2.5 Change in the frequency allocation of a base transceiver station ................ 18

6.3 Mapping in time of logical channels onto physical channels............................................. 18

6.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 18

6.3.2 Key to the mapping table of section 7........................................................... 18

6.3.3 Mapping of TCH/F9.6, TCH/F4.8, TCH/H4.8 and TCH/H2.4 ....................... 18

6.3.4 Mapping of BCCH data................................................................................. 19

6.3.5 Mapping of SID Frames................................................................................ 19

6.4 Permitted channel combinations....................................................................................... 19

6.5 Operation of channels and channel combinations ............................................................ 20

6.5.1 General ......................................................................................................... 20

6.5.2 Determination of CCCH_GROUP and PAGING_GROUP ........................... 21

6.5.3 Determination of specific paging multiframe and paging block index........... 21

6.5.4 Short Message Service Cell Broadcast (SMSCB)........................................ 21

History......................................................................................................................................................... 35

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ETS 300 574: September 1994 (GSM 05.02 version 4.4.2)
Foreword

This European Telecommunication Standard (ETS) has been produced by the Special Mobile Group

(SMG) Technical Committee (TC) of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI).

This ETS defines the physical channels of the radio sub-system required to support the logical channels

used within the European digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2).
This ETS correspond to GSM technical specification, GSM 05.02 version 4.4.2.

The specification from which this ETS has been derived was originally based on CEPT documentation,

hence the presentation of this ETS may not be entirely in accordance with the ETSI/PNE rules.

Reference is made within this ETS to GSM Technical Specifications (GSM-TSs) (NOTE).

NOTE: TC-SMG has produced documents which give the technical specifications for the

implementation of the European digital cellular telecommunications system.

Historically, these documents have been identified as GSM Technical Specifications

(GSM-TSs). These TSs may have subsequently become I-ETSs (Phase 1), or ETSs
(Phase 2), whilst others may become ETSI Technical Reports (ETRs). GSM-TSs are,
for editorial reasons, still referred to in GSM ETSs.
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ETS 300 574: September 1994 (GSM 05.02 version 4.4.2)
Blank page
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ETS 300 574: September 1994 (GSM 05.02 version 4.4.2)
1.1 Scope

This technical specification defines the physical channels of the radio sub-system required to support the

logical channels. It includes a description of the logical channels and the definition of frequency hopping,

TDMA frames, timeslots and bursts.
1.2 Normative references

This ETS incorporates by dated and undated reference, provisions from other publications. These

normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed

hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications

apply to this ETS only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references, the

latest edition of the publication referred to applies.
[1] GSM 01.04 (ETR 100): "European digital cellular telecommunication system
(Phase 2); Definitions, abbreviations and acronyms".
[2] GSM 03.03 (ETS 300 523): "European digital cellular telecommunication system
(Phase 2); Numbering, addressing and identification".
[3] GSM 04.03 (ETS 300 552): "European digital cellular telecommunication system
(Phase 2); Mobile Station - Base Station System (MS - BSS) interface Channel
structures and access capabilities".
[4] GSM 04.06 (ETS 300 555): "European digital cellular telecommunication system
(Phase 2); Mobile Station - Base Station System (MS - BSS) interface Data Link
(DL) layer specification".
[5] GSM 04.08 (ETS 300 557): "European digital cellular telecommunication system
(Phase 2); Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification".
[6] GSM 05.03 (ETS 300 575): "European digital cellular telecommunication system
(Phase 2); Channel coding".
[7] GSM 05.04 (ETS 300 576): "European digital cellular telecommunication system
(Phase 2); Modulation".
[8] GSM 05.05 (ETS 300 577): "European digital cellular telecommunication system
(Phase 2); Radio transmission and reception".
[9] GSM 05.08 (ETS 300 578): "European digital cellular telecommunication system
(Phase 2); Radio subsystem link control".

[10] GSM 05.10 (ETS 300 579): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Radio subsystem synchronisation".
1.3 Definitions and abbreviations

Definitions and abbreviations used in this specification are listed in GSM 01.04.

2. General

The radio subsystem is required to support a certain number of logical channels that can be separated

into two overall categories as defined in GSM 04.03:
i) The traffic channels (TCH's).
ii) The control channels.
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More information is given about these logical channels in section 3 which also defines a number of special

channels used by the radio sub-system.

Section 4 of this document describes the physical resource available to the radio sub-system, section 5

defines physical channels based on that resource and section 6 specifies how the logical channels shall

be mapped onto physical channels. Figure 1 depicts this process.
3. Logical channels
3.1 General

This section describes the logical channels that are supported by the radio subsystem.

3.2 Traffic channels
3.2.1 General

Traffic channels (TCH's) are intended to carry either encoded speech or user data. Two general forms of

traffic channel are defined:

i) Full rate traffic channel (TCH/F). This channel carries information at a gross rate of 22.8

kbits/s.

ii) Half rate traffic channel (TCH/H). This channel carries information at a gross rate of 11.4

kbit/s.

The specific traffic channels available in the categories of speech and user data are defined in the

sections following.
3.2.2 Speech traffic channels
The following traffic channels are defined to carry encoded speech:
i) Full rate traffic channel for speech (TCH/FS).
ii) Half rate traffic channel for speech (TCH/HS).
3.2.3 Data traffic channels
The following traffic channels are defined to carry user data:
i) Full rate traffic channel for 9.6 kbit/s user data (TCH/F9.6).
ii) Full rate traffic channel for 4.8 kbit/s user data (TCH/F4.8).
iii) Half rate traffic channel for 4.8 kbit/s user data (TCH/H4.8).
iv) Half rate traffic channel for μ 2.4 kbit/s user data (TCH/H2.4).
v) Full rate traffic channel for μ 2.4 kbit/s user data (TCH/F2.4)
3.3 Control channels
3.3.1 General

Control channels are intended to carry signalling or synchronization data. Three categories of control

channel are defined: broadcast, common and dedicated. Specific channels within these categories are

defined in the sections following.
3.3.2 Broadcast channels
3.3.2.1 Frequency correction channel (FCCH)

The frequency correction channel carries information for frequency correction of the mobile station. It is

required only for the operation of the radio sub-system.
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3.3.2.2 Synchronization channel (SCH)

The synchronization channel carries information for frame synchronization of the mobile station and

identification of a base transceiver station. It is required only for the operation of the radio sub-system.

Specifically the synchronization channel shall contain two encoded parameters:

a) Base transceiver station identity code (BSIC): 6 bits (before channel coding) consists of 3 bits

of PLMN colour code with range 0 to 7 and 3 bits of BS colour code with range 0 to 7 as

defined in GSM 03.03.
b) Reduced TDMA frame number (RFN): 19 bits (before channel coding) =
T1 (11 bits) range 0 to 2047 = FN div ( 26 x 51)
T2 (5 bits) range 0 to 25 = FN mod 26
T3' (3 bits) range 0 to 4 = (T3 - 1) div 10
where
T3 (6 bits) range 0 to 50 = FN mod 51
and
FN = TDMA frame number as defined in section 4.3.3.

GSM 04.06 and GSM 04.08 specify the precise bit ordering, GSM 05.03 the channel coding of the above

parameters and GSM 05.10 defines how the TDMA frame number can be calculated from T1, T2, and

T3'.
3.3.2.3 Broadcast control channel (BCCH)

The broadcast control channel broadcasts general information on a base transceiver station per base

transceiver station basis. Of the many parameters contained in the BCCH, the use of the following

parameters, as defined in GSM 04.08 are referred to in section 6.5:
a) CCCH_CONF which indicates the organization of the common control channels:
From this parameter, the number of common control channels (BS_CC_CHANS) and
whether or not CCCH or SDCCH are combined (BS_CCCH_SDCCH_COMB = true or false)
are derived as follows:
CCCH_CONF BS_CC_CHANS BS_CCCH_SDCCH_COMB
000 1 false
001 1 true
010 2 false
100 3 false
110 4 false

b) BS_AG_BLKS_RES which indicates the number of blocks on each common control channel

reserved for access grant messages:
3 bits (before channel coding) range 0 to 7.
c) BS_PA_MFRMS which indicates the number of 51 TDMA frame multiframes between
transmission of paging messages to mobiles of the same paging group:
3 bits (before channel coding) range 2 to 9.

3.3.3 Common control type channels, known when combined as a common control channel

(CCCH):
i) Paging channel (PCH): Downlink only, used to page mobiles.

ii) Random access channel (RACH): Uplink only, used to request allocation of a SDCCH.

iii) Access grant channel (AGCH): Downlink only, used to allocate a SDCCH or directly a TCH.

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3.3.4 Dedicated control channels
i) Slow, TCH/F associated, control channel (SACCH/TF)
ii) Fast, TCH/F associated, control channel (FACCH/F)
iii) Slow, TCH/H associated, control channel (SACCH/TH)
iv) Fast, TCH/H associated, control channel (FACCH/H)
v) Stand alone dedicated control channel (SDCCH/8)
vi) Slow, SDCCH/8 associated, control channel (SACCH/C8)
vii) Stand alone dedicated control channel, combined with CCCH (SDCCH/4)
viii) Slow, SDCCH/4 associated, control channel (SACCH/C4)
3.3.5 Cell Broadcast Channel (CBCH)

The CBCH, downlink only, is used to carry the short message service cell broadcast (SMSCB). The

CBCH uses the same physical channel as the SDCCH.
3.4 Combination of channels

Only certain combinations of channels are allowed as defined in GSM 04.03. Section 6.4 lists the

combinations in relation to basic physical channels.
4. The physical resource
4.1 General

The physical resource available to the radio sub-system is an allocation of part of the radio spectrum. This

resource is partitioned both in frequency and time. Frequency is partitioned by radio frequency channels

(RFCHs) divided into bands as defined in GSM 05.05. Time is partitioned by timeslots and TDMA frames

as defined in section 4.3 of this document.
4.2 Radio frequency channels
4.2.1 Cell allocation and mobile allocation

GSM 05.05 defines radio frequency channels (RFCHs), and allocates numbers to all the radio frequency

channels available to the system. Each cell is allocated a subset of these channels, defined as the cell

allocation (CA). One radio frequency channel of the cell allocation shall be used to carry synchronization

information and the BCCH, this shall be known as BCCH carrier. The subset of the cell allocation,

allocated to a particular mobile, shall be known as the mobile allocation (MA).
4.2.2 Downlink and uplink

The downlink comprises radio frequency channels used in the base transceiver station to mobile station

direction.

The uplink comprises radio frequency channels used in the mobile station to base transceiver station

direction.
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4.3 Timeslots and TDMA frames
4.3.1 General

A timeslot shall have a duration of 3/5200 seconds (~ 577 μs). Eight timeslots shall form a TDMA frame (~

4.62 ms in duration).

At the base transceiver station the TDMA frames on all of the radio frequency channels in the downlink

shall be aligned. The same shall apply to the uplink (see GSM 05.10).

At the base transceiver station the start of a TDMA frame on the uplink is delayed by the fixed period of 3

timeslots from the start of the TDMA frame on the downlink (see Figure 2).

At the mobile station this delay will be variable to allow adjustment for signal propagation delay. The

process of adjusting this advance is known as adaptive frame alignment and is detailed in GSM 05.10.

The staggering of TDMA frames used in the downlink and uplink is in order to allow the same timeslot

number to be used in the downlink and uplink whilst avoiding the requirement for the mobile station to

transmit and receive simultaneously. The period includes time for adaptive frame alignment, transceiver

tuning and receive/transmit switching (see Figure 4).
4.3.2 Timeslot number

The timeslots within a TDMA frame shall be numbered from 0 to 7 and a particular timeslot shall be

referred to by its timeslot number (TN).
4.3.3 TDMA frame number

TDMA frames shall be numbered by a frame number (FN). The frame number shall be cyclic and shall

have a range of 0 to FN_MAX where FN_MAX = (26 x 51 x 2048) -1 = 2715647 as defined in GSM 05.10.

The frame number shall be incremented at the end of each TDMA frame.

The complete cycle of TDMA frame numbers from 0 to FN_MAX is defined as a hyperframe. A

hyperframe consists of 2048 superframes where a superframe is defined as 26 x 51 TDMA frames. A 26

TDMA frame multiframe is used to support traffic and associated control channels and a 51 TDMA frame

multiframe is used to support broadcast, common control and stand alone dedicated control (and their

associated control) channels. Hence a superframe may be considered as 51 traffic/associated control

multiframes or 26 broadcast/common control multiframes.

The need for a hyperframe of a substantially longer period than a superframe arises from the

requirements of the encryption process which uses FN as an input parameter.
5. Physical channels
5.1 General

A physical channel uses a combination of frequency and time division multiplexing and is defined as a

sequence of radio frequency channels and time slots. The complete definition of a particular physical

channel consists of a description in the frequency domain, and a description in the time domain.

The description in the frequency domain is addressed in section 5.4, the description in the time domain is

addressed in section 5.5.
5.2 Bursts
5.2.1 General

A burst is a period of R.F. carrier which is modulated by a data stream. A burst therefore represents the

physical content of a timeslot.
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5.2.2 Types of burst and burst timing

A timeslot is divided into 156.25 bit periods. A particular bit period within a timeslot is referenced by a bit

number (BN), with the first bit period being numbered 0, and the last (1/4) bit period being numbered 156.

In the sections following the transmission timing of a burst within a timeslot is defined in terms of bit

number. The bit with the lowest bit number is transmitted first.

Different types of burst exist in the system. One characteristic of a burst is its useful duration. This

document, in the sections following, defines four full bursts of 147 bits useful duration, and one short burst

of 87 bits useful duration. The useful part of a burst is defined as beginning from half way through bit

number 0. The definition of the useful part of a burst needs to be considered in conjunction with the

requirements placed on the phase and amplitude characteristics of a burst as specified in GSM 05.04 and

05.05.

The period between bursts appearing in successive timeslots is termed the guard period. Section 5.2.8

details constraints which relate to the guard period.
5.2.3 Normal burst (NB)
Bit Number Length Contents Definition
(BN) of field of field
0 - 2 3 tail bits (below)
3 - 60 58 encrypted bits (e0 .. e57) 05.03
61 - 86 26 training sequence bits (below)
87 - 144 58 encrypted bits (e58 .. e115) 05.03
145 - 147 3 tail bits (below)
(148 - 156 8,25 guard period (bits) section 5.2.8)
- where the 'tail bits' are defined as modulating bits with states as follows:
(BN0, BN1, BN2) = (0, 0, 0) and
(BN145, BN146, BN147) = (0, 0, 0)

- where the 'training sequence bits' are defined as modulating bits with states as given in the following

table according to the training sequence code, TSC. For broadcast and common control channels,

the TSC must be equal to the BCC, as defined in GSM 03.03 and as described in this technical

specification in section 3.3.2.
Training Training sequence bits
Sequence (BN61, BN62 ... BN86)
Code (TSC)
0 (0,0,1,0,0,1,0,1,1,1,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,1,0,0,1,0,1,1,1)
1 (0,0,1,0,1,1,0,1,1,1,0,1,1,1,1,0,0,0,1,0,1,1,0,1,1,1)
2 (0,1,0,0,0,0,1,1,1,0,1,1,1,0,1,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,1,1,1,0)
3 (0,1,0,0,0,1,1,1,1,0,1,1,0,1,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,1,1,1,1,0)
4 (0,0,0,1,1,0,1,0,1,1,1,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,0,1,0,1,1)
5 (0,1,0,0,1,1,1,0,1,0,1,1,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,1,1,1,0,1,0)
6 (1,0,1,0,0,1,1,1,1,1,0,1,1,0,0,0,1,0,1,0,0,1,1,1,1,1)
7 (1,1,1,0,1,1,1,1,0,0,0,1,0,0,1,0,1,1,1,0,1,1,1,1,0,0)

Under certain circumstances (e.g. DTX operation) only half of the encrypted bits present in a normal burst

will contain useful information. In such cases the binary state of the remaining bits is not specified.

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5.2.4 Frequency correction burst (FB)
Bit Number length Contents Definition
(BN) of field of field
0 - 2 3 tail bits (below)
3 - 144 142 fixed bits (below)
145 - 147 3 tail bits (below)
(148 - 156 8,25 guard period (bits) section 5.2.8)
- where the 'tail bits' are defined as modulating bits with states as follows:
(BN0, BN1, BN2) = (0, 0, 0) and
(BN145, BN146, BN147) = (0, 0, 0)
- where the 'fixed bits' are defined as modulating bits with states as follows:
(BN3, BN4 ... BN144) = (0, 0 ... 0)

NOTE: This burst is equivalent to unmodulated carrier with a +1625/24 kHz frequency offset,

above the nominal carrier frequency.
5.2.5 Synchronization burst (SB)
Bit Number Length Contents Definition
(BN) of field of field
0 - 2 3 tail bits (below)
3 - 41 39 encrypted bits (e0 .. e38) 05.03
42 - 105 64 extended training sequence bits (below)
106 - 144 39 encrypted bits (e39 ... e77) 05.03
145 - 147 3 tail bits (below)
(148 - 156 8,25 guard period (bits) section 5.2.8)
- where the 'tail bits' are defined as modulating bits with states as follows:
(BN0, BN1, BN2) = (0, 0, 0) and
(BN145, BN146, BN147) = (0, 0, 0)

- where the 'extended training sequence bits' are defined as modulating bits with states as follows:

(BN42, BN43 ... BN105) = (1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0,

0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0,
1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1)
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5.2.6 Dummy burst
Bit Number Length Contents Definition
(BN) of field of field
0 - 2 3 tail bits (below)
3 - 60 58 mixed bits (below)
61 - 86 26 training sequence bits (below)
87 - 144 58 mixed bits (below)
145 - 147 3 tail bits (below)
(148 - 156 8,25 guard period (bits) section 5.2.8)
- where the 'tail bits' are defined as modulating bits with st
...

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