Plastics - Controlled loop recycling of PVC-U profiles from windows and doors

This document defines quality and test methodologies for recycled PVC to be used in PVC window profile systems.
It contains a description of the controlled loop as such, the definition of those material transformation steps which are relevant for product quality, in particular recycling input and output and profile manufacturing input and output.
Traceability tools are specified to characterize this loop as a controlled loop.
With regard to PVC waste treatment, the present standard relates to existing standards such as EN 15343, EN 15346 and EN 15347
With regard to semifinished and/or finished products, it refers to the European Standard for un-plasticized PVC window profiles (see EN 12608-1) and to the European harmonized standard for windows and doors (see EN 14351-1).

Kunststoffe - Geregeltes Verfahren für das Recycling von gebrauchten PVC-U-Fenstern und Türen

Das vorliegende Dokument legt die Qualität und Prüfverfahren für rezykliertes PVC fest, das in PVC-Fensterprofilsystemen zu verwenden ist.
Es enthält eine Beschreibung des geregelten Kreislaufs als solchen, die Definition der für die Produktqualität relevanten Materialumwandlungsschritte, insbesondere des Recycling Inputs und  Outputs sowie des Inputs und des Outputs der Profilherstellung.
Es werden Instrumente zur Rückverfolgbarkeit festgelegt, um diesen Kreislauf als geregelten Kreislauf zu charakterisieren.
In Bezug auf die Behandlung von PVC Abfällen bezieht sich das vorliegende Dokument auf bestehende Normen, wie z. B. EN 15343, EN 15346 und EN 15347.
In Bezug auf Halbzeuge und/oder Endprodukte bezieht es sich auf die Europäische Norm für Fensterprofile aus weichmacherfreiem PVC (siehe EN 12608 1) und die harmonisierte Europäische Norm für Fenster und Türen (siehe EN 14351 1).

Plastiques - Recyclage en boucle contrôlée de profilés de fenêtres et portes en PVC-U

Le présent document définit des méthodologies de qualité et d’essai pour le PVC recyclé destiné à être utilisé dans les systèmes de profilés de fenêtres en PVC.
Il contient une description de la boucle contrôlée proprement dite, la définition des étapes de transformation des matériaux qui sont pertinentes pour la qualité du produit, en particulier les flux entrants et sortants de recyclage et les flux entrants et sortants de fabrication des profilés.
Des outils de traçabilité sont spécifiés pour caractériser cette boucle en tant que boucle contrôlée.
En ce qui concerne le traitement des déchets de PVC, le présent document se base sur des normes existantes, telles que l’EN 15343, l’EN 15346 et l’EN 15347.
Pour les produits semi-finis et/ou finis, il se réfère à la Norme européenne portant sur les profilés de fenêtres en PVC non plastifié (voir l’EN 12608 1) et à la Norme européenne harmonisée portant sur les fenêtres et les portes (voir l’EN 14351 1).

Polimerni materiali - Nadzorovano krožno recikliranje oken in vrat iz profilov PVC-U

General Information

Status
Not Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Jul-2020
Current Stage
5020 - Formal vote (FV) (Adopted Project)
Start Date
20-May-2021
Due Date
08-Jul-2021
Completion Date
21-May-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
01-julij-2020

Polimerni materiali - Nadzorovano krožno recikliranje oken in vrat iz profilov PVC-

Plastics - Controlled loop recycling of PVC-U profiles from windows and doors

Kunststoffe - Geregeltes Verfahren für das Recycling von gebrauchten PVC-U-Fenstern

und Türen

Plastiques - Recyclage en boucle contrôlée de profilés de fenêtres et portes en PVC-U

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 17410
ICS:
13.030.50 Recikliranje Recycling
83.140.01 Izdelki iz gume in polimernih Rubber and plastics products
materialov na splošno in general
91.060.50 Vrata in okna Doors and windows
oSIST prEN 17410:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 17410
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
May 2020
ICS 13.030.50; 83.140.99; 91.060.50
English Version
Plastics - Controlled loop recycling of PVC-U profiles from
windows and doors

Plastiques - Recyclage en boucle contrôlée de profilés Kunststoffe - Geregeltes Verfahren für das Recycling

de fenêtres et portes en PVC-U von gebrauchten PVC-U-Fenstern und Türen

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for second enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical

Committee CEN/TC 249.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 17410:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
prEN 17410:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Methodology, Procedures and Requirements ................................................................................... 10

4.1 Controlled Loop Model and Life Cycle Stages ..................................................................................... 10

4.2 Material Flow along the loop .................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.1 Product stage A1 – A3 (stage I) ................................................................................................................ 10

4.2.2 Construction stage A4 – A5 ....................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.3 Use stage B1 – B7 .......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.4 End of life stage C1 – C4 .............................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.5 Recycling/ Reuse/ Reprocess stage D ................................................................................................... 11

4.3 Definition of quality relevant stages in the controlled loop ......................................................... 12

4.4 Requirements, material characteristics and related test methodologies ............................... 12

4.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12

4.4.2 Recycling Input Material – Stage II (C1/C4 → D) ............................................................................... 14

4.4.3 Recycling Output Material (= Profile Manufacturer’s Incoming Material) (Stage

III/D→ A3) ....................................................................................................................................................... 14

4.4.4 Extrusion incoming material (PVC compound/dryblend ready to use) (Stage I/A→) ........ 15

4.5 End of Waste status ..................................................................................................................................... 15

4.6 Definition of traceability instruments .................................................................................................. 15

4.7 Quality assurance ......................................................................................................................................... 15

4.7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15

4.7.2 Manufacturing control at the recycler .................................................................................................. 15

4.7.3 Manufacturing control in the extrusion process at the profile manufacturer ....................... 16

4.7.4 rPVC-U characterization ............................................................................................................................ 16

4.8 Design for recycling ..................................................................................................................................... 16

4.8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

4.8.2 Material properties - recyclability ......................................................................................................... 16

4.8.3 Separability .................................................................................................................................................... 16

4.8.4 Traceability .................................................................................................................................................... 16

Annex A (informative) PVC window profiles and window fabrication — Visualization of PVC

material stream (virgin, internally re-used material and recycled material) in a

controlled loop .............................................................................................................................................. 17

Annex B (informative) PVC window profiles fabrication — Visualization of PVC material

stream (virgin, internally re-used material and recycled material) in the profile

production ...................................................................................................................................................... 18

Annex C (informative) Characterization of PVC Recyclates for PVC Profiles....................................... 19

Annex D (informative) Traceability characteristics of PVC Recyclates for PVC Profiles................. 20

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 21

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
prEN 17410:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (prEN 17410:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 249 “Plastics”,

the secretariat of which is held by NBN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
prEN 17410:2020 (E)
Introduction

Recycling of plastics pre and post consumer waste is a material recovery process aiming to save

resources such as raw materials, water and energy, thus minimizing emissions into air, water and soil

and hence contributing to human health and environmental protection.

For a huge number of plastic products, individual recycling schemes have been established. Regarding

PVC windows and doors made of un-plasticized PVC, they are subject to an advanced recycling scheme,

i.e. a so-called controlled loop. In this particular case, the used windows and doors are collected, the

PVC frame separated, shredded and treated. The recyclate obtained therefrom then goes back to the

manufacturing of new window and door profiles. To ensure a high quality level of both plastic recycling

and finished products in a single market, the control of the recycling process is recommended to be

standardized, with regard to (i) process steps such as collection, identification, sorting, cleaning and (ii)

sub-process steps such as testing, quality assurance, and traceability.

In that respect, this document forms, together with EN 12608-1, and EN 14351-1, EN 14351-2 and

EN 16034 a unique and consistent standardization framework enabling the value chain to act in a

circular manner.

NOTE In this document, only EN 12608-1 will be mentioned. However, whenever this is the case

reference is made to all subsequent parts of EN 12608, once published as well.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
prEN 17410:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document references existing quality and test methodologies for recycled PVC to be used in PVC-U

profiles for windows and doors.

It contains a description of the controlled loop as such, the definition of those material transformation

steps which are relevant for product quality, in particular recycling input and output and profile

manufacturing input and output.
Traceability tools are specified to characterize this loop as a controlled loop.

With regard to PVC waste treatment, the present document relates to existing standards such as

EN 15343, EN 15346 and EN 15347.

With regard to semifinished and/or finished products, it refers to the European Standard PVC-U

window profiles (see EN 12608-1) and to the European Standards for windows and doors (see

EN 14351-1, EN 14351-2 and EN 16034).

The controlled loop treatment of PVC profiles will be aligned to the general understanding of life cycles

as outlined in EN 15804.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 12608-1, Unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U) profiles for the fabrication of windows and doors -

Classification, requirements and test methods - Part 1: Non-coated PVC-U profiles with light coloured

surfaces

EN 15343, Plastics - Recycled Plastics - Plastics recycling traceability and assessment of conformity and

recycled content

EN 15346:2014, Plastics - Recycled plastics - Characterization of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) recyclates

EN 15347, Plastics - Recycled Plastics - Characterisation of plastics wastes

EN 17213, Windows and doors - Environmental Product Declarations - Product category rules for

windows and pedestrian doorsets
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
prEN 17410:2020 (E)
3.1
material

PVC-U compound in a form of granules or powder for the production of PVC-U profiles intended to be

used for the fabrication of a window or door
[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
3.2
defined formulation
formulation which is a specified composition of polymer, additives and pigments
[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
3.3
virgin unplasticized polyvinylchloride
PVC-U

material of a defined formulation, which has not been used or processed other than required for its

manufacture and to which no rPVC-U (3.6) has been added.
Note 1 to entry: Material can be UV, non-UV or reduced UV-resistant.
[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
3.3.1
UV resistant material
UVM
material which fulfills weathering resistance

Note 1 to entry: Weathering resistance shall be defined in the referring standard.

[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
3.3.2
reduced UV resistant material
RUVM
material which fulfills reduced weathering resistance

Note 1 to entry: Weathering resistance shall be defined in the referring standard.

[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
3.3.3
non-UV resistant material
NUVM

material which does not necessarily satisfy the requirements of the resistance to weathering

Note 1 to entry: Weathering resistance shall be defined in the referring standard.

[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
1) Under preparation. Stage at the time of publication: prEN 17508:2020.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
prEN 17410:2020 (E)
3.4
internally reused material
IRM

internal material to be reused which includes mismeasured, unused products and offcuts from

internally extruded, virgin material
Note 1 to entry Different defined formulations cannot be mixed.
Note 2 to entry: Material can be UV, non-UV or reduced UV-resistant.

Note 3 to entry: "Internally" refers to the same profile manufacturing company group even if located at different

sites.
[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
3.5
PVC-U Waste
any PVC-U profile which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard
3.5.1
PVC-U pre-consumer waste

descriptive term covering material diverted during a manufacturing process of profiles and/or

windows

Note 1 to entry: The term post-industrial material is sometimes used synonymously.

[SOURCE: EN ISO 472:2013, 2.1701 - modified]
3.5.2
PVC-U post-consumer waste

descriptive term covering material, generated by the end-users of products, that has fulfilled its

intended purpose or can no longer be used (including material returned from within the distribution

chain)
[SOURCE: EN ISO 472:2013, 2.1700 - modified]
3.6
recycled unplasticized polyvinylchloride
PVC-U Recyclate
rPVC-U
recycled, unplasticized polyvinylchloride

Note 1 to entry: Table 2 lists products commonly recycled into rPVC-U of a quality for use in the end

applications as outlined.
Note 2 to entry: Material can be UV, non-UV or reduced UV-resistant.
[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
3.7
components

material from window parts such as hardware, glass and gaskets, including profiles.

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
prEN 17410:2020 (E)
3.8 Life cycle stages of PVC windows and doors
[SOURCE: EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, 7 and Figure 1]
Figure 1 — Life cycle stages and modules for the building assessment
3.8.1
product stage
stage including:

— A1, the forming of raw material, virgin and recycled material into PVC window profiles;

— A2, raw material, profiles and components are transported in the course of the production process

— A3, the assembling of components such as profiles, panes and hardware to windows and doors

Note 1 to entry: Included is the provision of all materials, products and energy, as well as the waste processing

up to the end-of waste state, or disposal of final residues during the product stage as well as the re-use, recovery

and/or recycling potentials.
3.8.2
construction stage
stage including:
— A4, the transport of windows and doors to the building site;
— A5, the installation of windows and doors into the building

Note 1 to entry: Included is the provision of all materials, products and energy, as well as waste processing up

to the end-of-waste state or disposal of final residues during the construction stage. These modules also include all

impacts and aspects related to any losses during this construction stage (i.e. production, transport, waste

processing and disposal of the lost products and materials).
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
prEN 17410:2020 (E)
3.8.3
use stage
stage including:
— B1, the use of windows and doors;
— B2, their maintenance;
— B3, repair;
— B4, replacement; or
— B5, refurbishment

Note 1 to entry: Included is the provision and transport of all materials, products and related energy and water

use, as well as waste processing up to the end-of-waste state or disposal of final residues during this part of the

use stage. These modules also include all impacts and aspects related to the losses during this part of the use stage

(i.e. production, transport and waste processing and disposal of the lost products and materials).

3.8.4
use stage
stage including:

— B6, the operational energy use (e.g. operation of heating system and other building related installed

services);
— B7, the operational water use

Note 1 to entry: These modules include provision and transport of all materials, products, as well as energy and

water provisions, waste processing up to the end-of-waste state or disposal of final residues during this part of the

use stage.
3.8.5
end of life stage
stage including:
— C1, de-construction, demolition;
— C2, transport to waste processing;
— C3, waste processing for reuse, recovery and/or recycling;
— C4, disposal

Note 1 to entry: Transportation, provision of materials, products, related energy and water use are also

included.
3.8.6
benefits and loads beyond the system boundary

module D includes reuse, recovery and/or recycling potentials, expressed as net impacts and benefits

---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
prEN 17410:2020 (E)
4 Methodology, Procedures and Requirements
4.1 Controlled Loop Model and Life Cycle Stages

Life cycle stages as described in Terms and Definitions, Figure 1 refers to a linear model. Conceptually,

when using recycled PVC from stage D for the manufacturing of new PVC window profiles, the linear

model turns into a circular one and forms a controlled loop, as described in Figure 2.

Figure 2 — Controlled Loop, Life Cycle Stages and material input (schematic)
4.2 Material Flow along the loop
4.2.1 Product stage A1 – A3 (stage I)

The loop shall start with product stage (A1 → A3), where raw materials are converted into finished

products. The product stage outlined here comprises first the manufacturing of PVC window profiles

and then their assembly to PVC windows and doors, respectively PVC doors.

According to EN 12608-1, the raw material used for the profile production (extrusion) can be

characterized as follows:
— For visible surfaces:
— UV resistant virgin PVC-U compound respectively dryblend,
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 17410:2019
01-september-2019

Polimerni materiali - Nadzorovano krožno recikliranje izrabljenih oken in vrat iz

PVC-U materialov

Plastics - Controlled loop recycling of post-consumer (or post-use) PVC-U windows and

doors

Kunststoffe - Geregeltes Verfahren für das Recycling von gebrauchten PVC-U-Fenstern

und Türen

Plastiques - Recyclage en boucle contrôlée de fenêtres et portes post-consommation (ou

post-utilisation) en PVC-U
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 17410
ICS:
13.030.50 Recikliranje Recycling
83.140.01 Izdelki iz gume in polimernih Rubber and plastics products
materialov na splošno in general
91.060.50 Vrata in okna Doors and windows
oSIST prEN 17410:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2019
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2019
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 17410
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
June 2019
ICS 13.030.50; 83.140.99; 91.060.50
English Version
Plastics - Controlled loop recycling of post-consumer (or
post-use) PVC-U windows and doors

Plastiques - Recyclage en boucle contrôlée de fenêtres Kunststoffe - Geregeltes Verfahren für das Recycling

et portes post-consommation (ou post-utilisation) en von gebrauchten PVC-U-Fenstern und Türen

PVC-U

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 249.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 17410:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2019
prEN 17410:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Methodology, Procedures and Requirements ...................................................................................... 9

4.1 Controlled Loop Model and Life Cycle Stages ........................................................................................ 9

4.2 Material Flow along the loop ....................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.1 Product stage A1 – A3 (stage I) ................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.2 Construction stage A4 – A5 ....................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.3 Use stage B1 – B7 .......................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.4 End of life stage C1 – C4 .............................................................................................................................. 10

4.2.5 Recycling/ Reuse/ Reprocess stage D ................................................................................................... 10

4.3 Definition of quality relevant stages in the controlled loop ......................................................... 11

4.4 Requirements, material characteristics and related test methodologies ............................... 11

4.4.1 Recycling Input Material – Stage II (C1/C4 → D) ............................................................................... 11

4.4.2 Recycling Output Material (= Converter Incoming Material) (Stage III/D) ............................ 11

4.4.3 Extrusion incoming material (PVC compound/dryblend ready to use) (Stage I/A) ............ 12

4.5 End of Waste ................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.6 Definition of traceability instruments .................................................................................................. 14

4.7 Quality Assurance ........................................................................................................................................ 15

4.7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15

4.7.2 Manufacturing control in the forming process at the converter ................................................ 16

4.7.3 Manufacturing control at the recycler .................................................................................................. 16

4.7.4 Plastic recyclates characterization ........................................................................................................ 16

4.8 Design for recycling ..................................................................................................................................... 17

4.8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

4.8.2 Material properties - recyclability ......................................................................................................... 17

4.8.3 Modularity ...................................................................................................................................................... 17

4.8.4 Traceability .................................................................................................................................................... 17

Annex A (informative) PVC window profiles and window fabrication — Visualization of PVC

material stream (virgin, reprocessed and recycled material) in a controlled loop ............ 18

Annex B (informative) PVC window profiles and window fabrication — Visualization of PVC

material stream (virgin, reprocessed and recycled material) in the profile

production ...................................................................................................................................................... 19

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 20

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2019
prEN 17410:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (prEN 17410:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 249 “Plastics”,

the secretariat of which is held by NBN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2019
prEN 17410:2019 (E)
Introduction

Recycling of plastics waste and scrap is a material recovery process aiming to save resources such as

raw materials, water and energy and thus minimizing emissions into air, water and soil and hence

contributing to human health and environmental protection.

For a huge number of plastic products, individual recycling schemes have been established. Regarding

PVC windows and doors made of un-plasticized PVC, they are subject to an advanced recycling scheme,

i.e. a so-called controlled loop. In this particular case, the used windows are collected, the PVC frame

separated, shredded and treated. The recyclate obtained therefrom then goes back to the

manufacturing of new window profiles. To ensure a high quality level of both plastic recycling and

finished products in a single market, the control of the recycling process is recommended to be

standardized, with regard to (i) process steps such as collection, identification, sorting, cleaning and (ii)

sub-process steps such as testing quality assurance, and traceability.

In that respect, this standard forms, together with EN 12608-1 and EN 14351-1, a unique and consistent

standardization framework enabling the value chain to act in a circular manner.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2019
prEN 17410:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document defines quality and test methodologies for recycled PVC to be used in PVC window

profile systems.

It contains a description of the controlled loop as such, the definition of those material transformation

steps which are relevant for product quality, in particular recycling input and output and profile

manufacturing input and output.
Traceability tools are specified to characterize this loop as a controlled loop.

With regard to PVC waste treatment, the present document relates to existing standards such as

EN 15343, EN 15346 and EN 15347

With regard to semifinished and/or finished products, it refers to the European Standard for un-

plasticized PVC window profiles (see EN 12608-1) and to the European harmonized standard for

windows and doors (see EN 14351-1).
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 12608-1:2016, Unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U) profiles for the fabrication of windows and

doors — Classification, requirements and test methods — Part 1: Non-coated PVC-U profiles with light

coloured surfaces

EN 15343, Plastics — Recycled Plastics — Plastics recycling traceability and assessment of conformity and

recycled content

EN 15346:2014, Plastics — Recycled plastics — Characterization of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) recyclates

EN 15347, Plastics — Recycled Plastics — Characterisation of plastics wastes

prEN 17213, Windows and doors — Environmental Product Declarations— Product category rules for

windows and pedestrian doorsets
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
controlled loop
controlled loop of post-consumer PVC-U windows recycling

controlled process where end-user wastes, such as from windows and doors, are collected and recycled

Note 1 to entry: The controlled loop comprises the collection of the PVC windows, its treatment, the recycling of

PVC frames and finally, its use in new profiles used for the manufacturing of windows and doors and related

building products.
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3.2 Virgin unplasticised poly(vinyl chloride), PVC-U
3.2.1
virgin material

material of a defined formulation, which has not been used or processed other than as required for its

manufacture, and to which to which no rPVC-U has been added
Note 1 to entry: Material can be UV, non-UV or reduced UV-resistant
3.2.2
own reprocessed material
ORM

reprocessed scrap, mismeasured, unused products and offcuts from internally monoextruded virgin

material
Note 1 to entry: Differently defined formulations cannot be mixed.
3.3
recycled un-plasticised poly (vinyl chloride)
rPVC
recycled, un-plasticized polymer of poly(vinyl chloride)

Note 1 to entry: Table 1 lists products commonly recycled into rPVCU for the end applications as outlined. Non-

listed products with the same quality PVC may likewise be used.
3.4
pre-consumer
descriptive term covering material diverted during a manufacturing process
[SOURCE: EN ISO 472:2013, 3.X]
3.5
post-consumer

descriptive term covering material, generated by the end-users of products, that has fulfilled its

intended purpose or can no longer be used (including material returned from within the distribution

chain)
[SOURCE: EN ISO 472:2013, 3.X]
3.6
components
non-PVC material from window parts such as hardware, panes, and gaskets
3.7
waste

any substance or object which the holder discards or intends to or is required to discard

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3.8 Life cycle stages of PVC windows and doors
[SOURCE: EN 15804:2012, 6.2 and Figure 1]
Figure 1 —Life cycle stages and modules for the building assessment
3.8.1
product stage
stage including:

— A1, the forming of raw material, virgin and secondary material into PVC window profiles;

— A2, the transport to the window manufacturer;

— A3, the assembling of components such as profiles, panes and hardware to windows and doors

Note 1 to entry: Included is the provision of all materials, products and energy, as well as the scrap processing

up to the end-of waste state, or disposal of final residues during the product stage.

3.8.2
construction process stage
stage including:
— A4, the transport of windows and doors to the building site;
— A5, the installation of windows and doors into the building

Note 1 to entry: Included is the provision of all materials, products and energy, as well as waste processing up

to the end-of-waste state or disposal of final residues during the construction process stage. These information

modules also include all impacts and aspects related to any losses during this construction process stage (i.e.

production, transport, and scrap processing and disposal of the lost products and materials).

Note 2 to entry: See Figure 1.
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3.8.3
use stage related to the building fabric
stage including:
— B1, the use of windows and doors;
— B2, their maintenance;
— B3, repair;
— B4, replacement; or
— B5, refurbishment

Note 1 to entry: Included is the provision and transport of all materials, products and related energy and water

use, as well as scrap and waste processing up to the end-of-waste state or disposal of final residues during this

part of the use stage. These information modules also include all impacts and aspects related to the losses during

this part of the use stage (i.e. production, transport, scrap and waste processing and disposal of the lost products

and materials).
Note 2 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.8.4
use stage related to the operation of the building
stage including:

— B6, the operational energy use (e.g. operation of heating system and other building related installed

services);
— B7, the operational water use

Note 1 to entry: These information modules include provision and transport of all materials, products, as well

as energy and water provisions, scrap and waste processing up to the end-of-waste state or disposal of final

residues during this part of the use stage.
Note 2 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.8.5
end of life stage
stage including:
— C1, de-construction, demolition;
— C2, transport to waste processing;
— C3, waste processing for reuse, recovery and/or recycling;
— C4, disposal

Note 1 to entry: Transportation, provision of materials, products, related energy and water use are also

included.
Note 2 to entry: See Figure 1.
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3.8.6
benefits and loads beyond the system boundary

module D includes reuse, recovery and/or recycling potentials, expressed as net impacts and benefits

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
4 Methodology, Procedures and Requirements
4.1 Controlled Loop Model and Life Cycle Stages

Life cycle stages as described in Introduction, Figure 1 refer to a linear model. Conceptually, when using

recycled PVC from stage D for the manufacturing of new PVC window profiles, the linear model turns

into a circular one and forms a controlled loop, as described in Figure 2.
Figure 2 — Controlled Loop, Life Cycle Stages and raw material input
4.2 Material Flow along the loop
4.2.1 Product stage A1 – A3 (stage I)

The loop shall start with product stage (A1 → A3), where raw materials are converted into finished

products. The product stage outlined here comprises first the manufacturing of PVC window profiles

and then their assembly to PVC windows, respectively PVC doors.

According to EN 12608-1, the raw material used for the profile production (extrusion) can be

characterized as follows:
— For visible surfaces:
— UV resistant virgin PVC-U compound respectively dryblend,
— Own re-processed PVC material, and
— For the non-visible surfaces:
— rPVC-U.

NOTE While incoming virgin PVC-U compound usually is ready to use, rPVC might have to be mixed with

additives such as fillers, pigments, stabilizers etc. to prepare a compound ready for extrusion.

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PVC-U window profiles can be seen as semi-finished products. T
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