Safety of primary and secondary lithium cells and batteries during transport

This International Standard specifies test methods and requirements for primary and secondary (rechargeable) lithium cells and batteries to ensure their safety during transport other than for recycling or disposal. Requirements specified in this standard do not apply in those cases where special provisions given in the relevant regulations, listed in 7.3, provide exemptions.

Sicherheit von Primär- und Sekundär-Lithiumbatterien beim Transport

Sécurité des piles et des accumulateurs au lithium pendant le transport

L'IEC 62281:2012 spécifie les méthodes d'essai et les exigences pour les éléments et les batteries de piles et d'accumulateurs au lithium afin de s'assurer de leur sécurité pendant les opérations de transport autres que celles relatives à leur recyclage ou leur mise au rebut. Les exigences spécifiées dans cette norme ne s'appliquent pas aux cas pour lesquels des dispositions spéciales prévues dans les réglementations appropriées, énumérées en 7.3, accordent des exemptions. Cette deuxième édition annule et remplace la première édition parue en 2004, et constitue une révision technique. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente: - distinction entre petit et grand élément ou petite et grande batterie faite par la masse brute plutôt que par le contenu de lithium ou la valeur assignée en wattheure (énergie "nominale"); - regroupement des critères "pas de perte de masse" (NM) et "pas de fuite" (NF) en un seul critère (NL); - extension d'une perte de masse acceptable de 0,2 % d'une masse de 5 g à 75 g d'un élément ou d'une batterie; - réduction du nombre d'échantillons passant de 4 à 2 pour les grandes batteries à soumettre aux essais T-1 à T-5 et T-8; - réduction du nombre d'échantillons d'essai requis pour les assemblages de petites batteries (5.2.2); - réduction de l'amplitude de vibration à 2 g pour les grandes batteries dans la méthode d'essai de vibration T-3; - remplacement de l'essai d'impact par l'essai d'écrasement pour les éléments parallélépipédiques, éléments en sachet et éléments bouton ainsi que pour les éléments cylindriques de diamètre inférieur à 20 mm. Mots clés: la sécurité pendant les opérations de transport, piles et d'accumulateurs au lithium penchant

Varnost primarnih in sekundarnih litijevih členov in baterij med transportom

Ta mednarodni standard določa preskusne metode ter zahteve za primarne in sekundarne (polnilne) litijeve člene in baterije za zagotovitev njihove varnosti med transportom, ne vključuje pa recikliranja oziroma odlaganja. Zahteve, opredeljene v tem standardu, ne veljajo za primere, v katerih posebne določbe, podane v ustreznih predpisih, navedenih v točki 7.3, določajo izjeme.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
09-May-2013
Withdrawal Date
26-Jan-2020
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
27-Jan-2020
Due Date
19-Feb-2020
Completion Date
27-Jan-2020

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN 62281:2013
English language
28 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 62281:2013
01-junij-2013
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 62281:2004
9DUQRVWSULPDUQLKLQVHNXQGDUQLKOLWLMHYLKþOHQRYLQEDWHULMPHGWUDQVSRUWRP
Safety of primary and secondary lithium cells and batteries during transport
Sicherheit von Primär- und Sekundär-Lithiumbatterien beim Transport
Sécurité des piles et des accumulateurs au lithium pendant le transport
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 62281:2013
ICS:
29.220.10 3ULPDUQLþOHQLLQEDWHULMH Primary cells and batteries
SIST EN 62281:2013 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 62281:2013
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 62281:2013
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 62281
NORME EUROPÉENNE
March 2013
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 29.220.10 Supersedes EN 62281:2004
English version
Safety of primary and secondary lithium cells and batteries
during transport
(IEC 62281:2012)
Sécurité des piles et des accumulateurs Sicherheit von Primär- und Sekundär-
au lithium pendant le transport Lithiumbatterien beim Transport
(CEI 62281:2012) (IEC 62281:2012)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2013-01-09. CENELEC members are bound to comply

with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard

the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on

application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified

to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,

the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany,

Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels

© 2013 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 62281:2013 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 62281:2013
EN 62281:2013 - 2 -
Foreword

The text of document 35/1303/FDIS, future edition 2 of IEC 62281, prepared by IEC TC 35 "Primary cells

and batteries" and SC 21A, "Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid

electrolytes", of IEC TC 21, "Secondary cells and batteries" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel

vote and approved by CENELEC as EN 62281:2013.
The following dates are fixed:
• latest date by which the document has (dop) 2013-10-09
to be implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
• latest date by which the national (dow) 2016-01-09
standards conflicting with the
document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 62281:2004.

EN 62281:2013 includes the following significant technical changes with respect to EN 62281:2004:

a) distinction between small and large cell or battery by gross mass rather than by lithium content or Watt-

hour rating (“nominal” energy);

b) combination of the no mass loss (NM) and no leakage (NL) criteria into one criteria (NL);

c) extension of an acceptable mass loss of 0,2 % from 5 g to 75 g mass of a cell or battery;

d) reduction of large batteries to be tested under tests T-1 to T-5 and T-8 from 4 to 2 samples;

e) reduction of test samples required for small battery assemblies (5.2.2);

f) reduction of the vibration amplitude to 2 g for large batteries in T-3 vibration test method;

g) replacement of the impact test by the crush test for prismatic, pouch, button, and coin cells as well as

cylindrical cells with no more than 20 mm in diameter.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62281:2012 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 60086-4 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60086-4.
IEC 60068-2-6 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60068-2-6.
IEC 60068-2-27 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60068-2-27.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 62281:2013
- 3 - EN 62281:2013
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD

applies.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 61960 - Secondary cells and batteries containing EN 61960 -
alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes -
Secondary lithium cells and batteries for
portable applications
IEC 62133 - Secondary cells and batteries containing EN 62133 -
alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Safety
requirements for portable sealed secondary
cells, and for batteries made from them, for
use in portable applications
IEC 62660-1 - Secondary lithium-ion cells for the propulsion EN 62660-1 -
of electric road vehicles -
Part 1: Performance testing
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 62281:2013
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 62281:2013
IEC 62281
Edition 2.0 2012-12
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
colour
inside
Safety of primary and secondary lithium cells and batteries during transport
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
PRICE CODE
ICS 29.220.10 ISBN 978-2-83220-489-4

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 62281:2013
– 2 – 62281 © IEC:2012(E)
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 4

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................... 7

4 Requirements for safety.................................................................................................. 10

4.1 General considerations .......................................................................................... 10

4.2 Quality plan ........................................................................................................... 11

4.3 Packaging ............................................................................................................. 11

5 Type testing, sampling and re-testing ............................................................................. 11

5.1 Type testing .......................................................................................................... 11

5.2 Battery assemblies ................................................................................................ 12

5.2.1 Secondary batteries for use in battery assemblies ..................................... 12

5.2.2 Small battery assemblies ........................................................................... 12

5.2.3 Large battery assemblies ........................................................................... 12

5.3 Sampling ............................................................................................................... 12

5.4 Re-testing ............................................................................................................. 13

6 Test methods and requirements...................................................................................... 13

6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 13

6.1.1 Safety notice ............................................................................................. 13

6.1.2 Ambient temperature ................................................................................. 14

6.1.3 Parameter measurement tolerances .......................................................... 14

6.1.4 Pre-discharge and pre-cycling ................................................................... 14

6.2 Evaluation of test criteria ....................................................................................... 14

6.2.1 Shifting ...................................................................................................... 14

6.2.2 Distortion ................................................................................................... 14

6.2.3 Short-circuit ............................................................................................... 14

6.2.4 Excessive temperature rise ........................................................................ 14

6.2.5 Leakage .................................................................................................... 14

6.2.6 Venting ...................................................................................................... 15

6.2.7 Fire............................................................................................................ 15

6.2.8 Rupture ..................................................................................................... 15

6.2.9 Explosion................................................................................................... 15

6.3 Tests and requirements – Overview ....................................................................... 15

6.4 Transport tests ...................................................................................................... 16

6.4.1 Test T-1: Altitude ....................................................................................... 16

6.4.2 Test T-2: Thermal cycling .......................................................................... 16

6.4.3 Test T-3: Vibration ..................................................................................... 17

6.4.4 Test T-4: Shock ......................................................................................... 17

6.4.5 Test T-5: External short-circuit................................................................... 18

6.4.6 Test T-6: Impact/crush ............................................................................... 18

6.5 Misuse tests .......................................................................................................... 20

6.5.1 Test T-7: Overcharge................................................................................. 20

6.5.2 Test T-8: Forced discharge ........................................................................ 20

6.6 Packaging test ....................................................................................................... 20

Test P-1: Drop test ................................................................................................ 20

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 62281:2013
62281 © IEC:2012(E) – 3 –

6.7 Information to be given in the relevant specification .............................................. 21

6.8 Evaluation and report ............................................................................................ 21

7 Information for safety ...................................................................................................... 22

7.1 Packaging ............................................................................................................. 22

7.2 Handling of battery cartons .................................................................................... 22

7.3 Transport .............................................................................................................. 22

7.3.1 General ..................................................................................................... 22

7.3.2 Air transport .............................................................................................. 22

7.3.3 Sea transport ............................................................................................. 22

7.3.4 Land transport ........................................................................................... 22

7.3.5 Classification ............................................................................................. 22

7.4 Display and storage ............................................................................................... 22

8 Instructions for packaging and handling during transport – Quarantine ........................... 23

9 Marking .......................................................................................................................... 23

9.1 Marking of primary and secondary (rechargeable) cells and batteries .................... 23

9.2 Marking of the packaging and shipping documents ................................................ 23

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 25

Figure 1 – Example of a test set-up for the impact test.......................................................... 19

Figure 2 – Example for the marking of packages with primary or secondary

(rechargeable) lithium cells or batteries ................................................................................ 24

Table 1 – Number of primary test cells and batteries for type testing .................................... 12

Table 2 – Number of secondary test cells and batteries for type testing ................................ 13

Table 3 – Number of packages with primary or secondary test cells and batteries................. 13

Table 4 – Mass loss limits ..................................................................................................... 15

Table 5 – Transport and packaging tests and requirements .................................................. 16

Table 6 – Vibration profile (sinusoidal) .................................................................................. 17

Table 7 – Shock parameters ................................................................................................. 18

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 62281:2013
– 4 – 62281 © IEC:2012(E)
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
SAFETY OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY LITHIUM CELLS
AND BATTERIES DURING TRANSPORT
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 62281 has been prepared jointly by IEC technical committee 35:

Primary cells and batteries and by subcommittee 21A: Secondary cells and batteries

containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes, of IEC technical committee 21: Secondary

cells and batteries.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition, published in 2004, and constitutes

a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:

a) distinction between small and large cell or battery by gross mass rather than by lithium

content or Watt-hour rating (“nominal” energy);

b) combination of the no mass loss (NM) and no leakage (NL) criteria into one criteria (NL);

c) extension of an acceptable mass loss of 0,2 % from 5 g to 75 g mass of a cell or battery;

d) reduction of large batteries to be tested under tests T-1 to T-5 and T-8 from 4 to 2

samples;
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 62281:2013
62281 © IEC:2012(E) – 5 –
e) reduction of test samples required for small battery assemblies (5.2.2);

f) reduction of the vibration amplitude to 2 g for large batteries in T-3 vibration test method;

g) replacement of the impact test by the crush test for prismatic, pouch, button, and coin

cells as well as cylindrical cells with no more than 20 mm in diameter.
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
35/1303/FDIS 35/1307/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
A bilingual version of this standard may be issued at a later date.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct

understanding of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a

colour printer.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 62281:2013
– 6 – 62281 © IEC:2012(E)
INTRODUCTION

Primary lithium cells and batteries were first introduced in military applications in the 1970s.

At that time, little commercial interest and no industrial standards existed. Consequently, the

United Nations (UN) Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, although

usually referring to industrial standards for testing and criteria, introduced a sub-section in the

Manual of tests and criteria concerning safety tests relevant to transport of primary lithium

cells and batteries. Meanwhile, commercial interest in primary and secondary (rechargeable)

lithium cells and batteries has grown and several industrial standards exist. However, the

existing IEC standards are manifold, not completely harmonized, and not necessarily relevant

to transport. They are not suitable to be used as a source of reference in the UN Model

Regulations. Therefore this group safety standard has been prepared to harmonize the tests

and requirements relevant to transport.

This International Standard applies to primary and secondary (rechargeable) lithium cells and

batteries containing lithium in any chemical form: lithium metal, lithium alloy or lithium-ion.

Lithium-metal and lithium alloy primary electrochemical systems use metallic lithium and

lithium alloy, respectively, as the negative electrode. Lithium-ion secondary electrochemical

systems use intercalation compounds (intercalated lithium exists in an ionic or quasi-atomic

form within the lattice of the electrode material) in the positive and in the negative electrodes.

This International Standard also applies to lithium polymer cells and batteries, which are

considered either as primary lithium-metal cells and batteries or as secondary lithium-ion cells

and batteries, depending on the nature of the material used in the negative electrode.

The history of transporting primary and secondary lithium cells and batteries is worth noting.

Since the 1970s, over ten billion primary lithium cells and batteries have been transported,

and since the early 1990s, over one billion secondary (rechargeable) lithium cells and

batteries utilizing a lithium-ion system have been transported. As the number of primary and

secondary lithium cells and batteries to be transported is increasing, it is appropriate to also

include in this standard the safety testing of packaging used for the transportation of these

products.

This International Standard specifically addresses the safety of primary and secondary lithium

cells and batteries during transport and also the safety of the packaging used.

The UN Manual of Tests and Criteria [1] distinguishes between lithium metal and lithium alloy

cells and batteries on the one hand, and lithium ion and lithium polymer cells and batteries on

the other hand. While it defines that lithium metal and lithium alloy cells and batteries can be

either primary (non-rechargeable) or rechargeable, it always considers lithium ion cells and

batteries as rechargeable. However, test methods in the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria are

the same for both secondary lithium metal and lithium alloy cells and batteries and lithium ion

and lithium polymer cells and batteries. The concept is only needed to distinguish between

small and large battery assemblies. Battery assemblies assembled from (primary or

secondary) lithium metal and lithium alloy batteries are distinguished by the aggregate lithium

content of all anodes (measured in grams), while battery assemblies assembled from lithium

ion or lithium polymer batteries are distinguished by their “nominal” energy (measured in

Watt-hours).
___________
Numbers in square brackets refer to the Bibliography
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 62281:2013
62281 © IEC:2012(E) – 7 –
SAFETY OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY LITHIUM CELLS
AND BATTERIES DURING TRANSPORT
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies test methods and requirements for primary and

secondary (rechargeable) lithium cells and batteries to ensure their safety during transport

other than for recycling or disposal. Requirements specified in this standard do not apply in

those cases where special provisions given in the relevant regulations, listed in 7.3, provide

exemptions.

NOTE Different standards may apply for lithium-ion traction battery systems used for electrically propelled road

vehicles.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and

are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.

IEC 61960, Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes –

Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications

IEC 62133, Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes –

Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them,

for use in portable applications

IEC 62660-1, Secondary lithium-ion cells for the propulsion of electric road vehicles – Part 1:

Performance testing
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
aggregate lithium content
total lithium content of the cells comprising a battery
3.2
battery

one or more cells electrically connected and fitted in a case, with terminals, markings and

protective devices etc., as necessary for use

Note 1 to entry: This definition is different from the definition used in the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria [1]. The

standard was, however, carefully prepared so that the test set-up for each test is harmonized with the UN Manual.

[SOURCE: IEC 60050-482:2004 [2], 482-01-04, modified – reference to "electrically

connected" has been added]
3.3
battery assembly
battery comprising two or more batteries
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN 62281:2013
– 8 – 62281 © IEC:2012(E)
3.4
button (cell or battery)
coin (cell or battery)

small round cell or battery where the overall height is less than the diameter, e.g. in the shape

of a button or a coin

[SOURCE: IEC 60050-482:2004, 482-02-40, modified – the term "small round cell or battery"

replaces the original "cell with a cylindrical shape""]
3.5
cell

basic functional unit, consisting of an assembly of electrodes, electrolyte, container, terminals

and, usually, separators that is a source of electric energy obtained by direct conversion of

chemical energy
[SOURCE: IEC 60050-482:2004, 482-01-01]
3.6
component cell
cell contained in a battery
3.7
cycle (of a secondary (rechargeable) cell or battery)

set of operations that is carried out on a secondary (rechargeable) cell or battery and is

repeated regularly in the same sequence

Note 1 to entry: These operations may consist of a sequence of a discharge followed by a charge or a charge

followed by a discharge under specified conditions. This sequence may include rest periods.

[SOURCE: IEC 60050-482:2004, 482-05-28, modified – the words "secondary (rechargeable"

have been added]
3.8
cylindrical (cell or battery)

round cell or battery in which the overall height is equal to or greater than the diameter

[SOURCE: IEC 60050-482:2004, 482-02-39, modified – the words "round cell or battery"

replace the original "cell with a cylindrical shape"]
3.9
depth of discharge
DOD
percentage of rated capacity discharged from a battery
3.10
first cycle

initial cycle of a secondary (rechargeable) cell or battery following completion of all

manufacturing, formation and quality control processes
3.11
fully charged

state of charge of a secondary (rechargeable) cell or battery corresponding to 0 % depth of

discharge
3.12
fully discharged
state of charge of a cell or battery corresponding to 100 % dep
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.