Personal flotation devices - Part 8: Accessories - Safety requirements and test methods (ISO 12402-8:2006)

This part of prEN ISO 12402 specifies the safety requirements and test methods for accessories used for personal flotation devices ( hereafter referred to as PFD).

Persönliche Auftriebsmittel - Teil 8: Zubehörteile - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren (ISO 12402-8:2006)

Dieser Teil der ISO 12402 legt die sicherheitstechnischen Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Zubehörteile für persönliche Auftriebsmittel fest.

Equipements individuels de flottabilité - Partie 8: Accessoires - Exigences de securité et méthodes d'essai (ISO 12402-8:2006)

La présente norme spécifie les exigences de sécurité, fabrication, fiabilité, performances, dimensions, marquage et méthodes d'essai des équipements individuels de flottabilité (désignés ci-apres par EIF). Cette partie de l'EN ISO 12402 spécifie les exigences de sécurité et les méthodes d'essai pour les accessoires des EIF.

Osebna plavalna oprema – 8. del: Dodatki – Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode (ISO 12402-8:2006)

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
30-Apr-2006
Withdrawal Date
11-Oct-2020
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
12-Oct-2020
Due Date
04-Nov-2020
Completion Date
12-Oct-2020

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN ISO 12402-8:2006
English language
19 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Personal flotation devices - Part 8: Accessories - Safety requirements and test methods (ISO 12402-8:2006)Osebna plavalna oprema – 8. del: Dodatki – Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode (ISO 12402-8:2006)Equipements individuels de flottabilité - Partie 8: Accessoires - Exigences de securité et méthodes d'essai (ISO 12402-8:2006)Persönliche Auftriebsmittel - Teil 8: Zubehörteile - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren (ISO 12402-8:2006)13.340.70SULSRPRþNLLifejackets, buoyancy aids and floating devicesICS:SIST EN ISO 12402-8:2006enTa slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN ISO 12402-8:200601-maj-2006SIST EN ISO 12402-8:2006SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 394:19961DGRPHãþD
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN ISO 12402-8
February 2006 ICS 13.340.70 Supersedes EN 394:1993 English Version

Personal flotation devices - Part 8: Accessories - Safety requirements and test methods (ISO 12402-8:2006)

Equipements individuels de flottabilité - Partie 8: Accessoires - Exigences de securité et méthodes d'essai (ISO 12402-8:2006)

Persönliche Auftriebsmittel - Teil 8: Zubehörteile - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren (ISO 12402-8:2006) This European Standard was approved by CEN on 23 January 2006.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels © 2006 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN ISO 12402-8:2006: E

EN ISO 12402-8:2006 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 12402-8:2006) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 162 "Protective clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets", the secretariat of which is held by DIN, in collaboration with Technical Committee ISO/TC 188 "Small craft".

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2006, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2006.

This document supersedes EN 394:1993.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EN ISO 12402-8:2006 (E)
3 ANNEX ZA (informative)

Relationship between this Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 89/686 EEC

This Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association to provide a means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the New Approach Directive 89/686/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to personal protective equipment.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Communities under that Directive and has been implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding Essential Requirements of that Directive and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this Standard and Directive 89/686/EEC

Clause(s)/sub-clause(s) of this standard Essential requirements (ERs) of Directive 89/686/EEC Qualifying remarks/Notes 5.1; 5.5.1; 5.6 1.2.1

Absence of risks and other “inherent” nuisance factors
5.6 1.3.2
Lightness and design strength
5.5 2.3
PPE for the face, eyes and respiratory tracts
5.2; 5.6; 5.7 3.4
Prevention of drowning (lifejackets and lifesaving suits)

WARNING: Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the products falling within the scope of this standard.

Reference numberISO 12402-8:2006(E)© ISO 2006

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO12402-8First edition2006-02-01Personal flotation devices — Part 8: Accessories — Safety requirements and test methods Équipements individuels de flottabilité — Partie 8: Accessoires — Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

ISO 12402-8:2006(E) PDF disclaimer This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat accepts no liability in this area. Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated. Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

ISO 2006 All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body in the country of the requester. ISO copyright office Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20 Tel.

+ 41 22 749 01 11 Fax
+ 41 22 749 09 47 E-mail
copyright@iso.org Web
www.iso.org Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved

ISO 12402-8:2006(E) © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved iiiContents Page Foreword............................................................................................................................................................iv Introduction........................................................................................................................................................v 1 Scope.....................................................................................................................................................1 2 Normative references...........................................................................................................................1 3 Terms and definitions...........................................................................................................................2 4 Classification of personal flotation devices......................................................................................3 5 Specifications and test methods.........................................................................................................3 5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................3 5.2 Whistles.................................................................................................................................................4 5.3 Deck safety harness and safety lines.................................................................................................4 5.4 Buddy lines............................................................................................................................................4 5.5 Sprayhood.............................................................................................................................................5 5.6 Protective covers..................................................................................................................................6 5.7 Multi-chamber buoyancy systems......................................................................................................7 Annex A (informative)

Classification of personal flotation devices............................................................8 Bibliography.....................................................................................................................................................10

ISO 12402-8:2006(E) iv © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved Foreword ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization. International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. ISO 12402-8 was prepared by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC 162, Protective clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets, in collaboration with Technical Committee ISO/TC 188, Small craft, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement). ISO 12402 consists of the following parts, under the general title Personal flotation devices: — Part 1: Lifejackets for seagoing ships — Safety requirements — Part 2: Lifejackets, performance level 275 — Safety requirements — Part 3: Lifejackets, performance level 150 — Safety requirements — Part 4: Lifejackets, performance level 100 — Safety requirements — Part 5: Buoyancy aids (level 50) — Safety requirements — Part 6: Special purpose lifejackets and buoyancy aids — Safety requirements and additional test methods — Part 7: Materials and components — Safety requirements and test methods — Part 8: Accessories — Safety requirements and test methods — Part 9: Test methods — Part 10: Selection and application of personal flotation devices and other relevant devices

ISO 12402-8:2006(E) © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved vIntroduction ISO 12402 has been prepared to give guidance on the design and application of personal flotation devices (hereafter referred to as PFDs) for persons engaged in activities, whether in relation to their work or their leisure, in or near water. PFDs manufactured, selected, and maintained to this standard should give a reasonable assurance of safety from drowning to a person who is immersed in water. Requirements for lifejackets on large, commercial seagoing ships are regulated by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) under the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS). ISO 12402-1 addresses lifejackets for seagoing ships. ISO 12402 allows for the buoyancy of a PFD to be provided by a wide variety of materials or designs, some of which may require preparation before entering the water (e.g. inflation of chambers by gas from a cylinder or blown in orally). However, PFDs can be divided into the following two main classes: ⎯ those which provide face up in-water support to the user regardless of physical conditions (lifejackets), and ⎯ those which require the user to make swimming and other postural movements to position the user with the face out of the water (buoyancy aids). Within these main two classes there are a number of levels of support, types of buoyancy, activation methods for inflatable devices, and auxiliary items (such as location aids), all of which will affect the user‘s probability of survival. Within the different types of buoyancy allowed, inflatable PFDs either provide full buoyancy without any user intervention other than arming (i.e. PFDs inflated by a fully automatic method) or require the user to initiate the inflation. Hybrid PFDs always provide some buoyancy but rely on these same methods as inflatable PFDs to achieve full buoyancy. With inherently buoyant PFDs, the user only needs to put the PFD on to achieve the performance of its class. PFDs that do not require intervention (automatically operating PFDs) are suited to activities where persons are likely to enter the water unexpectedly; whereas PFDs requiring intervention (e.g. manually inflated PFDs) are only suitable for use if the user believes there will be sufficient time to produce full buoyancy, or help is close at hand. In every circumstance, the user should ensure that the operation of the PFD is suited to the specific application. The conformity of a PFD to this part of ISO 12402 does not imply that it is suitable for all circumstances. The relative amount of required inspection and maintenance is another factor of paramount importance in the choice and application of specific PFDs. ISO 12402 is intended to serve as a guide to manufacturers, purchasers, and users of such safety equipment in ensuring that the equipment provides an effective standard of performance in use. Equally essential is the need for the designer to encourage the wearing of the equipment by making it comfortable and attractive for continuous wear on or near water, rather than for it to be stored in a locker for emergency use. Throwable devices and flotation cushions are not covered by this part of ISO 12402. The primary function of a PFD is to support the user in reasonable safety in the water. Within the two classes, alternative attributes make some PFDs better suited to some circumstances than others or make them easier to use and care for than others. Important alternatives allowed by ISO 12402 are the following: ⎯ to provide higher levels of support (levels 100, 150, or 275) that generally float the user with greater water clearance, enabling the user’s efforts to be expended in recovery rather than avoiding waves; or to provide lighter or less bulky PFDs (levels 50 to 100); ⎯ to provide the kinds of flotation (inherently buoyant foam, hybrid, and inflatable) that will accommodate the sometimes conflicting needs of reliability and durability, in-water performance, and continuous wear;

ISO 12402-8:2006(E) vi © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved ⎯ to provide automatically operating (inherently buoyant or automatically inflated) PFDs that float users without any intervention on their part, except in initially donning the PFD (and regular inspection and rearming of inflatable types), or to provide user control of the inflatable PFDs buoyancy by manual and oral operation; and ⎯ to assist in detection (location aids) and recovery of the user. PFDs provide various degrees of buoyancy in garments that are light in weight and only as bulky and restrictive as needed for their intended use. They will need to be secure when worn, in order to provide positive support in the water and to allow the user to swim or actively assist herself/himself or others. The PFD selected shall ensure that the user is supported with the mouth and nose clear of the water under the expected conditions of use and the user’s ability to assist. Under certain conditions (such as rough water and waves), the use of watertight and multilayer clothing, which provide (intentionally or otherwise) additional buoyancy, or the use of equipment with additional weight (such as tool belts) will likely alter the performance of the PFD. Users, owners and employers need to ensure that this is taken into account when selecting a PFD. Similarly, PFDs may not perform as well in extremes of temperature, although fully approved under this part of ISO 12402. PFDs may also be affected by other conditions of use, such as chemical exposure and welding, and may require additional protection to meet the specific requirements of use. If the user intends taking a PFD into such conditions, she/he has to be assumed that the PFD will not be adversely affected. This part of ISO 12402 also allows a PFD to be an integral part of a safety harness designed to conform to ISO 12401, or an integral part of a garment with other uses, for example to provide thermal protection during immersion, in which case the complete assembly as used is required to conform to this part of ISO 12402. In compiling the attributes required of a PFD, consideration has also been given to the potential length of service that the user might expect. Whilst a PFD which needs to be of substantial construction and material, its potential length of service often depends on the conditions of use and storage which are the responsibility of the owner, user and/or employer. Furthermore, whilst the performance tests included are believed to assess relevant aspects of performance in real life use, they do not accurately simulate all conditions of this. For example, the fact that a device passes the self-righting tests in swimming attire, as described herein, does not guarantee that it will self-right an unconscious user wearing waterproof clothing, neither can it be expected to completely protect the airway of an unconscious person in rough water. Waterproof clothing can trap air and further impede the self-righting action of a lifejacket. It is essential that owners, users and employers choose those PFDs that meet the correct standards for the circumstances in which they will be used. Manufacturers and those selling PFDs have to make clear to prospective purchasers the product properties and alternative choices and the limitations to normal use, prior to the purchase. Similarly, those framing legislation regarding the use of these garments should consider carefully which class and performance levels are most appropriate for the foreseeable conditions of use, allowing for the more higher risk circumstances. These higher risk circumstances should account for the highest probabilities of occurence of accidental immersion and the expected consequences in such emergencies. More information for the selection and application is given in ISO 12402-10.

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 12402-8:2006(E) © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 1Personal flotation devices — Part 8: Accessories — Safety requirements and test methods 1 Scope This part of ISO 12402 specifies the safety requirements and test methods for accessories used for personal flotation devices (PFDs). 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.