Buoyant aids for swimming instruction - Part 2: Safety requirements and test methods for buoyant aids to be held

This European Standard specifies safety requirements for construction, performance, sizing and marking for swimming devices intended to assist users with movement through the water in the early stages of water awareness, while learning to swim or while learning part of a swimming stroke. It also gives methods of test for verification of these requirements.
This part 2 of EN 13138 applies only to class C devices that are designed to be held in the hands or by the body. Typical devices include kick boards and pull/kick boards. These devices are used to assist in learning to swim or to assist with swimming strokes and improving specific elements of the stroke, which have either inherent buoyancy or can be inflated.
It does not apply to pull buoys, swim rings, lifebuoys, buoyancy aids, lifejackets or aquatic toys.

Auftriebshilfen für das Schwimmenlernen - Teil 2: Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Auftriebshilfen, die gehalten werden

Diese Europäische Norm legt sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen an Konstruktion, Gebrauchs-tauglichkeit, Größen und Kennzeichnung von Auftriebshilfen fest, die dazu vorgesehen sind, Benutzer bei der Bewegung im Wasser in den frühen Phasen der Wasserwahrnehmung, beim Schwimmenlernen oder beim Erlernen eines Teils einer Schwimmbewegung zu unterstützen. Weiterhin werden Prüfverfahren zur Verifizierung dieser Anforderungen angegeben.
Dieser Teil 2 der EN 13138 gilt nur für Auftriebshilfen der Klasse C, die dafür ausgelegt sind, in den Händen oder mit dem Körper gehalten zu werden. Typische Auftriebshilfen sind Schwimmbretter für Arme und Beine. Diese Auftriebshilfen, die entweder über Feststoffauftrieb verfügen oder aufgeblasen werden können, werden verwendet, um das Schwimmenlernen oder Schwimmbewegungen zu unterstützen und einzelne Elemente der Schwimmbewegungen zu verbessern.
Sie gilt nicht für Armzug-Trainingsgeräte, Schwimmringe, Rettungsringe, Schwimmhilfen, Rettungswesten oder Wasserspielzeuge.

Aides à la flottabilité pour l'apprentissage de la natation - Partie 2 : Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai pour les aides à la flottabilité à tenir

Le présent document spécifie les exigences de sécurité relatives à la construction, aux performances, à la taille et au marquage des dispositifs de natation conçus pour aider les débutants à effectuer des mouvements dans l'eau aux premiers stades de leur sensibilisation à l'eau, lorsqu'ils apprennent à nager ou à effectuer une partie d'un mouvement de natation. Il fournit également des méthodes d'essai pour la vérification du respect de ces exigences.
La présente Partie 2 de l'EN 13138 s'applique uniquement aux dispositifs de natation de classe C, qui sont conçus pour être tenus par les mains ou par le corps. Des dispositifs de natation typiques de ce style comprennent les planches de natation et les planches tenues entre les jambes ou par les mains (« kick/pull boards »). Ces dispositifs de natation sont utilisés pour aider à l'apprentissage de la natation ou pour faciliter les mouvements de natation et pour améliorer des éléments spécifiques des mouvements de nage. Ils présentent une flottabilité inhérente ou sont gonflables.
Le présent document ne s'applique pas aux bouées de traction, aux bouées de natation, aux bouées de sauvetage, aux aides à la flottabilité, aux gilets de sauvetage ou aux jouets aquatiques.

Plavajoči pripomočki za učenje plavanja - 2. del: Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za plavajoče pripomočke, ki se držijo z rokami

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
24-Apr-2018
Publication Date
14-Nov-2021
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
03-Nov-2021
Due Date
08-Jan-2022
Completion Date
15-Nov-2021

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN 13138-2:2021 - BARVE na PDF-str 17,22,23,24,25
English language
27 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day
Draft
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018 - BARVE na PDF-str 16,21,22,24
English language
26 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 13138-2:2021
01-december-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 13138-2:2015
Plavajoči pripomočki za učenje plavanja - 2. del: Varnostne zahteve in preskusne
metode za plavajoče pripomočke, ki se držijo z rokami

Buoyant aids for swimming instruction - Part 2: Safety requirements and test methods for

buoyant aids to be held

Auftriebshilfen für das Schwimmenlernen - Teil 2: Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen

und Prüfverfahren für Auftriebshilfen, die gehalten werden

Aides à la flottabilité pour l'apprentissage de la natation - Partie 2 : Exigences de

sécurité et méthodes d'essai pour les aides à la flottabilité à tenir
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 13138-2:2021
ICS:
13.340.70 Rešilni jopiči, vzgonska Lifejackets, buoyancy aids
pomagala in plavajoči and floating devices
pripomočki
97.220.40 Oprema za športe na Outdoor and water sports
prostem in vodne športe equipment
SIST EN 13138-2:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 13138-2:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 13138-2:2021
EN 13138-2
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.220.40; 13.340.70 Supersedes EN 13138-2:2014
English Version
Buoyant aids for swimming instruction - Part 2: Safety
requirements and test methods for buoyant aids to be held

Aides à la flottabilité pour l'apprentissage de la Auftriebshilfen für das Schwimmenlernen - Teil 2:

natation - Partie 2 : Exigences de sécurité et méthodes Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und

d'essai pour les aides à la flottabilité à tenir Prüfverfahren für Auftriebshilfen, die gehalten werden

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 4 July 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13138-2:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 13138-2:2021
EN 13138-2:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Classification..................................................................................................................................................... 8

5 Safety requirements concerning design and material ...................................................................... 9

5.1 General................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.2 Buoyancy characteristics of the complete swimming device ......................................................... 9

5.3 Health and comfort ...................................................................................................................................... 10

5.4 Entire assembly and components .......................................................................................................... 10

5.5 Materials — Mechanical properties ...................................................................................................... 11

5.6 Markings on swimming devices.............................................................................................................. 12

6 Test methods ................................................................................................................................................. 13

6.1 Conditioning .................................................................................................................................................. 13

6.2 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 13

7 Warnings and markings ............................................................................................................................ 13

7.1 General............................................................................................................................................................. 13

7.2 Warnings and markings on the product .............................................................................................. 14

7.3 Information supplied by the manufacturer ....................................................................................... 14

7.4 Consumer information at the point of sale ......................................................................................... 14

Annex A (normative) Procedures for testing efficiency of valves of inflatable swimming

devices ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

Annex B (normative) Procedures for testing seam strength and durability of inflatable

swimming devices ....................................................................................................................................... 17

Annex C (normative) Procedures for determining the puncture resistance of inflatable

swimming devices ....................................................................................................................................... 18

Annex D (normative) Procedures for testing resistance of markings to saliva ................................. 19

Annex E (normative) Detailed illustrations regarding the layout of information symbols,

general safety signs and their arrangement on the product ........................................................ 20

Annex F (normative) Procedure for testing entanglement on protruding parts ............................... 25

Annex G (informative) Significant changes between this document and the previous edition.... 26

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................ 27

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 13138-2:2021
EN 13138-2:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 13138-2:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 162 “Protective

clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2022 and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 13138-2:2014.

Annex G provides details of significant technical changes between this European Standard and the

previous edition EN 13138-2:2014.

EN 13138, Buoyant aids for swimming instruction consists of the following parts dealing with buoyant

swimming devices for swimming instructions for the various stages of the learning process:

— Part 1: Safety requirements and test methods for buoyant aids to be worn
— Part 2: Safety requirements and test methods for buoyant aids to be held

— Part 3: Safety requirements and test methods for swim seats into which a user is positioned

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 13138-2:2021
EN 13138-2:2021 (E)
Introduction
The entire process of learning to swim is considered to include two stages:
— getting familiar with the water environment and movements in it, and
— acquiring skills in standard swimming strokes.

Buoyant aids for swimming instruction (in brief: swimming device(s)) are intended to assist users (in

particular children) to learn to swim. The design and purpose of the swimming devices are related to the

above stages.

Swimming devices are intended to give the user positive buoyancy in the water while maintaining the

correct body position for swimming. However, it should not be assumed that standard conformity of the

swimming devices will by itself eliminate the risk of drowning as this depends also on the behaviour of

the user and any supervision.

Although this document sets performance requirements to ensure that swimming devices perform

appropriately, it is essential that the swimming devices are used correctly and under constant and close

supervision. It is important to ensure that they are securely fitted to the appropriate size of user and that

when correctly fitted, they cannot become displaced. Swim seats however should allow immediate escape

in case of capsizing. Therefore, the use of these swimming devices is recommended to be restricted to

water out of standing depth of the user.

The highest degree of protection against drowning can only be achieved by using lifejackets. It is essential

that there is a clear distinction between rescue intended to preserve life and those which are intended

only to assist buoyancy for the user when learning to swim. As swimming devices are not life preservers,

they should only be used in swimming pools and other situations free from current, tides and waves.

The bulk storage of some types of swimming devices could, under certain conditions, result in a potential

fire hazard. The perceived risk of such a hazard was evaluated against the actual risk to the user from

materials treated with certain known toxic fire-retardant chemicals. However, the fire hazard is less of a

problem to the user than the risk associated with the swimming devices being put in the mouth, especially

by children. For this reason, flammability requirements are not included in this document.

For the above reasons and to differentiate these swimming devices from aquatic toys, advisory safety

measures, including marking, warning notices and user instructions are included in this document.

The range both of the design and function of buoyant aids for swimming instruction varies considerably

and for this reason, the standard for swimming devices has been prepared in three parts, namely

swimming devices that are intended to allow the user to become familiar with water (passive user),

swimming devices that are worn (active user) and those devices that are held by the user to improve

swimming strokes.

— Part 1 of this series is only for products that are securely attached to the body (Class B swimming

devices = for an active user). They are intended to introduce the user to the range of swimming

strokes.

— Part 2 of this series is for products that are held either in the hands or by the body (class C

devices = for an active user) and are intended to assist with improving specific elements of the

swimming stroke. For adult beginners or more advanced users they can also be used for further

stages of the process to learn to swim.

— Part 3 of this series deals only with products (swim seats) to assist children up to 36 months in their

first attempts to learn to swim (i.e. to get familiar with the ―in-water-environment) and moving

through it. The child is positioned inside the buoyant structure, which provides buoyancy and lateral

support to the body, thereby keeping the child’s head above water level (Class A swimming

devices = for a passive user).
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 13138-2:2021
EN 13138-2:2021 (E)

Swim seats allow young children to experience the water environment and being moved through it.

Movements of lower limbs and arms are possible. The use of swim seats does however not replicate any

form of a correct swimming stroke.

Swim seats complying with this document provide a stable, floating position for a child sitting in the swim

seat and avoid entrapment in case of capsizing. Children in swim seats do however require very close

parental supervision. Overload beyond specified body mass, breaking waves and violent external forces

are remaining risks that can cause capsizing. Use of these swimming devices in water that is of the child’s

standing depth will increase the risk of capsizing and will hinder or block the escape from the seat in case

of emergency.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 13138-2:2021
EN 13138-2:2021 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies safety requirements for construction, performance, sizing and marking for

swimming devices intended to assist users with movement through the water in the early stages of water

awareness, while learning to swim or while learning part of a swimming stroke. It also gives methods of

test for verification of these requirements.

This part 2 of EN 13138 applies only to class C swimming devices that are designed to be held in the hands

or by the body. Typical swimming devices include kick boards and pull/kick boards. These swimming

devices are used to assist in learning to swim or to assist with swimming strokes and improving specific

elements of the stroke, which have either inherent buoyancy or can be inflated.

It does not apply to pull buoys, swim rings, lifebuoys, buoyancy aids, lifejackets or aquatic toys.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, Safety of toys — Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties

EN 20105-A02:1994, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part A02: Grey scale for assessing change in

colour (ISO 105-A02:1993)

EN ISO 105-E03:2010, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part E03: Colour fastness to chlorinated

water (swimming-pool water) (ISO 105-E03:2010)

EN ISO 105-E04:2013, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part E04: Colour fastness to perspiration

(ISO 105-E04:2013)

EN ISO 105-X12:2016, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part X12: Colour fastness to rubbing

(ISO 105-X12:2016)

EN ISO 3696:1995, Water for analytical laboratory use — Specification and test methods (ISO 3696:1987)

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at https://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
buoyancy

resultant upthrust of a swimming device when totally submerged in fresh water with its uppermost part

just below the water surface
3.2
inherent buoyancy

upthrust provided by material which is less dense than water or by sealed chambers that are not

inflatable and are filled with air or gas
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 13138-2:2021
EN 13138-2:2021 (E)
3.3
buoyant aid for swimming instruction

garment or swimming device which when worn or held correctly will provide the buoyancy required to

become familiar with movement through the water, assist with learning to swim or to improve swimming

strokes
Note 1 to entry: In brief: swimming device.
3.4
minimum buoyancy
least buoyancy required by the standard
3.5
original buoyancy
buoyancy (3.1) provided by a complete swimming device when first tested
3.6
class A swimming device

swimming device for children up to 36 months of age in which the child is in contact with the water

positioned inside the buoyant structure so that it will keep the passive user in a stable floating position

where the base of the chin is at or above the surface of the water

Note 1 to entry: This swimming device is intended to allow the user to become familiar with the water

environment.

Note 2 to entry: For swimming devices class A for children above 36 months see EN ISO 25649-4.

3.7
class B swimming device

swimming device intended to be worn, to be securely attached to the body and to introduce the active

user to the range of swimming strokes
3.8
class C swimming device

swimming device intended to be held either in the hands or by the body and to assist with swimming

strokes and/or improving specific elements of the strokes
3.9
conditioning

process to which the complete swimming device is submitted that includes immersion in chlorinated

swimming pool water and storage in cold and hot conditions and comprising a number of cycles, to

simulate the conditions to which the swimming device is likely to be subjected in normal use and storage

3.10
component

sub-group of the entire swimming device which contributes to either buoyancy, function or safety

3.11
swim seat

buoyant swimming device intended to introduce the user to the aquatic environment and to build water

confidence as a pre-requisite to learning to swim

Note 1 to entry: Swim seats provide safety for the user but do not guarantee protection against drowning.

Note 2 to entry: Swim seats are learning aids and not aquatic toys as defined in EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018.

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 13138-2:2021
EN 13138-2:2021 (E)
3.12
swim seat system

all integrated components (parts) of a swim seat which contribute to stable floating conditions and to

safety during normal use or after a capsizing emergency
3.13
escape

complete separation between the test dummy and the swim seat in case of a deliberate capsizing of the

swim seat or swim seat system
3.14
assessment panel

group of three people, all of whom are experienced in assessing buoyant swimming devices appointed to

witness and assess the swimming device
3.15
kick board

buoyant swimming device designed to be held in the hands or by the arms in order to support the body

in the water to assist the user to improve swimming strokes
3.16
sinking angle

angle to which a test manikin is intentionally calibrated when hung on its centre of gravity and completely

immersed under water
3.17
passive user

user who does not need to make conscious efforts to keep their airway above water level since this is

achieved by the swimming device
3.18
active user

user who needs to make conscious efforts to keep their airway above water level since this is not achieved

by the swimming device
3.19
swimming device intended to be worn

swimming device having either inherent buoyancy or may be inflated to provide buoyancy and which is

securely attached to the body in such a way that it cannot be accidentally be removed and so as to provide

the user with buoyancy
3.20
swimming device intended to be held

device held either in the hands or by the body and which provides buoyancy whilst it is being held by the

user
4 Classification
Buoyant swimming devices shall be classified according to Table 1.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 13138-2:2021
EN 13138-2:2021 (E)
Table 1 — Classification of buoyant aids for swimming instruction
Class Description

A Buoyant swimming device in which the child is in contact with the water positioned

inside the buoyant structure. This swimming device is intended to allow the user to

become familiar with the water environment and movements through it. The swimming

device will keep the passive user in a stable floating position so that the base of the chin

is at or above the surface of the water

B Buoyant swimming device intended to be worn, to be securely attached to the body and

to introduce the active user to the range of swimming strokes.

C Swimming device intended to be held either in the hands or by the body and to assist

with swimming strokes and/or improving specific elements of the strokes
5 Safety requirements concerning design and material
5.1 General

Construction of a buoyant swimming device shall be such that it corresponds in terms of design,

dimensions, safety, strength and durability for its intended use. The requirements set out were chosen to

ensure compliance with these considerations. Where buoyant swimming devices are provided in several

components, the requirements apply to each of the components as specified in the relevant paragraphs

below.

Where buoyancy is not inherent, components shall have a minimum of two independent chambers

safeguarding function and safety if one chamber fails. A swimming device shall be only class A or class B

or class C.

Hand-held swimming devices shall be assessed by the assessment panel to determine whether they

comply with the ergonomic requirements of the intended user group.
There are no colour requirements for these swimming devices.
5.2 Buoyancy characteristics of the complete swimming device
5.2.1 General

When tested in accordance with the procedures 5.2.2, the swimming device shall, with all of its buoyant

components, have a minimum buoyancy of 15 N.
NOTE For illustration of class of swimming device, see Figure 1.
5.2.2 Measurement of buoyancy of complete swimming device
5.2.2.1 Apparatus

The standard equipment required consists of a weighted cage, whose submerged weight is greater than

1,1 times the expected buoyancy value of the swimming device, and a tank of fresh water, deep enough

to accommodate the swimming device horizontally with its upper surface at a depth of 100 mm to

150 mm below the water surface without contacting the sides of the tank or the bottom and with a

calibrated load cell of balance supporting it.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 13138-2:2021
EN 13138-2:2021 (E)
5.2.2.2 Procedure

The cage with the swimming device (fully inflated, if inflatable) shall be suspended in fresh water at a

temperature of (20 ± 5) °C from the load cell so that the upper surface of the horizontally positioned

sample is submerged at 100 mm to 150 mm below the surface. The immersed combined weight shall be

recorded as A.
It should be taken care that entrapped air has escaped before measuring.

The sample shall be removed from the cage. The weighted cage shall again be immersed and the result

recorded as B.
The buoyancy is obtained by deducting A from B.
5.3 Health and comfort
5.3.1 Innocuousness

Class C swimming devices shall not adversely affect the health or hygiene of the user. The materials shall

not, in the foreseeable conditions of normal use, release substances generally known to be toxic,

carcinogenic, mutagenic, allergenic, toxic to reproduction or otherwise harmful.
Testing shall be carried out verifying:
— Materials specifications,
— Safety data sheets relating to the materials,

— Information relating to the suitability of the materials for use with food, in medical devices, or other

relevant applications,

— Information relating to toxicological, allergenic, carcinogenic, toxic to reproduction or mutagenic

investigations on the materials,

— Information relating to ecotoxicological and other environmental investigations on the materials.

5.3.2 Edges, corners and points

Edges and corners of hard and rigid materials shall be chamfered or rounded. Round edges or corners

shall have a minimum radius of 1 mm and where a chamfer is part of the design, it shall be of (45 ± 5)°

and at least 1 mm in width. There shall be no barbs or other sharp points or features.

Testing shall be carried out by measurement and tactile assessment.
5.3.3 Attached small parts

Attached small parts on the swimming device shall withstand a pull of (90 ± 2) N in the direction most

likely to cause failure without becoming detached from the swimming device. Parts which are detached,

including those that may accidentally come away or be torn off the swimming device, shall not fit wholly

into the small parts cylinder, the specifications for which shall be in accordance with

EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, 8.2.
5.4 Entire assembly and components
5.4.1 Thread

To sew load bearing components, only threads manufactured from synthetic materials whose properties

correspond to polyester or polyamide fibres shall be used.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 13138-2:2021
EN 13138-2:2021 (E)

Thread shall be tested using a simple burn test. When tested by a flame, fibres shall not leave an ash but

should melt or burn to leave a black pellet like residue.
5.4.2 Valves and stoppers

Inflatable class C swimming devices shall be fitted with valves ensuring sealing even when the stopper is

entirely removed. Stoppers shall be connected to the body of the valve. When orally inflated and when

tested in accordance with Annex A, all valves shall ensure that inflatable swimming devices, with an

opened stopper, retain at least 90 % of their original buoyancy after a period of 2 min.

5.4.3 Protruding parts

The protrusion of the valve/stopper or of any other protruding part shall not catch a test rope when

tested in accordance with Annex F.
5.5 Materials — Mechanical properties
5.5.1 Seam strength and durability of inflatable swimming devices

The swimming device shall remain airtight after being submitted to a cyclic pressure test when tested in

accordance with the procedures in Annex B.
5.5.2 Resistance to puncturing

Where swimming devices have air filled buoyancy chambers, the chambers shall remain airtight when

tested in accordance with the procedures in Annex C.
5.5.3 Resistance of foam and other inherent buoyant material to water absorption
5.5.3.1 General

After 24 h water immersion a sample of foam or other inherent buoyant material taken from the

swimming device shall lose no more than 10 % of its original buoyancy. Due to the small dimensions and

the shape of learn to swim devices the sample may consist of a complete component or shall provide

sample dimensions as near as possible to 10 cm x 10 cm.
5.5.3.2 Testing

The foam or other inherently buoyant sample shall be tested after conditioning according to 6.1.

Test procedure:
a) The sample is put into a net of appropriate size just to hold it;

b) the net with the sample inside is loaded with an amount of ballast weight so that it sinks to about

30 cm below the water surface;
c) buoyancy is measured by appropriate means;
d) afterwards the net without sample is measured.
The difference is the initial buoyancy A.
e) Immerse the sample in water for a period of 24 h;
f) repeat a) to d) determine buoyancy B of the sample.

The difference between the A and B is the loss of buoyancy due to water absorption.

---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN 13138-2:2021
EN 13138-2:2021 (E)
5.6 Markings on swimming devices
5.6.1 General

The tests 5.6.3 to 5.6.5 shall not apply where the markings are debossed onto or moulded into the

swimming device. Guidance on the design features for debossed and embossed markings is shown in

Figure 1.
Letter Letter Letter Letter Letter printed Label glued
embossed debossed embossed and debossed and directly onto onto bottom of
moulded into moulded into bottom of moulded area
the structure the structure moulded area
Figure 1 — Illustrations of embossed and debosse
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
01-april-2018
3ODYDMRþLSULSRPRþNL]DXþHQMHSODYDQMDGHO9DUQRVWQH]DKWHYHLQSUHVNXVQH
PHWRGH]DSODYDMRþHSULSRPRþNHNLVHGUåLMR]URNDPL

Buoyant aids for swimming instruction - Part 2: Safety requirements and test methods for

buoyant aids to be held

Auftriebshilfen für das Schwimmenlernen - Teil 2: Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen

und Prüfverfahren für Auftriebshilfen, die gehalten werden

Aides à la flottabilité pour l'apprentissage de la natation - Partie 2: Exigences de sécurité

et méthodes d'essai pour les aides à la flottabilité à tenir
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 13138-2
ICS:
13.340.70 5HãLOQLMRSLþLY]JRQVND Lifejackets, buoyancy aids
SRPDJDODLQSODYDMRþL and floating devices
SULSRPRþNL
97.220.40 Oprema za športe na Outdoor and water sports
prostem in vodne športe equipment
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 13138-2
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
February 2018
ICS 13.340.70; 97.220.40 Will supersede EN 13138-2:2014
English Version
Buoyant aids for swimming instruction - Part 2: Safety
requirements and test methods for buoyant aids to be held

Aides à la flottabilité pour l'apprentissage de la Auftriebshilfen für das Schwimmenlernen - Teil 2:

natation - Partie 2: Exigences de sécurité et méthodes Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und

d'essai pour les aides à la flottabilité à tenir Prüfverfahren für Auftriebshilfen, die gehalten werden

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 162.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 13138-2:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
prEN 13138-2:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Classification ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

5 Safety Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 9

6 Test methods ................................................................................................................................................. 11

7 Warnings and markings ............................................................................................................................. 12

Annex A (normative) Procedures for testing efficiency of valves of inflatable devices .................. 15

Annex B (informative) Test procedures for seam strength and durability of inflatable

devices .............................................................................................................................................................. 16

Annex C (normative) Test procedures for determining the puncture resistance of inflatable

devices .............................................................................................................................................................. 17

Annex D (normative) Procedures for testing resistance of marking to saliva .................................... 18

Annex E (normative) Detailed illustrations regarding the layout of Safety information

symbols, general safety signs and their arrangement on the product. .................................... 19

E.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

E.2 Product safety information symbols ..................................................................................................... 19

E.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

E.2.2 Graphical Symbols characterising the category of information and heading arrayed

groups of symbols ........................................................................................................................................ 19

E.2.3 Graphical Symbols expressing warnings ............................................................................................. 19

E.2.4 Graphical Symbols expressing prohibitions ...................................................................................... 20

E.2.5 Graphical Symbols expressing instructions ....................................................................................... 20

E.2.6 Safety information symbol ........................................................................................................................ 21

E.2.6.1 Size of graphical symbols .......................................................................................................................... 21

E.2.6.2 Colour of graphical symbols ..................................................................................................................... 21

E.2.6.3 Arrangement of graphical symbols ....................................................................................................... 21

Annex F (informative) Significant changes between this document and the previous edition .... 24

Annex G (normative) Test procedure for entanglement on protruding parts .................................... 25

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 26

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
prEN 13138-2:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (prEN 13138-2:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 162

“Protective clothing including hand and arm protection and liefjackets”, the secretariat of which is held

by DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 13138-2:2014.

Annex F provides details of significant technical changes between this European Standard and the

previous edition EN 13138-2:2014.

EN 13138, Buoyant aids for swimming instruction, consists of the following parts dealing with buoyant

devices for swimming instructions for the various stages of the learning process:

— Part 1: Safety requirements and test methods for buoyant aids to be worn
— Part 2: Safety requirements and test methods for buoyant aids to be held
— Part 3: Safety requirements and test methods for swim seats
— Part 4: In-water performance testing of buoyant aids to be worn
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
prEN 13138-2:2018 (E)
Introduction
The entire process of learning to swim is considered to include two stages:
— getting familiar with the water environment and movements in it;
— acquiring skills in standard swimming strokes.

Buoyant aids for swimming instructions (in brief: swimming device(s)) are intended to assist persons

(in particular children) to learn to swim. The design and purpose of the devices are related to the above

stages.

Swimming devices are intended to give the user positive buoyancy in the water while maintaining the

correct body position for swimming. However, it should not be assumed that standard conformity of the

devices will by itself eliminate the risk of drowning as this depends also on the behaviour of the user

and any supervision.

Although this European Standard sets performance requirements to ensure that swimming devices

perform appropriately, it is essential that the devices are used correctly and under constant and close

supervision. It is important to ensure that they are securely fitted to the appropriate size of user and

that when correctly fitted, they cannot become displaced. Swim seats however should allow immediate

escape in case of capsizing. Therefore the use of these devices is recommended to be restricted to water

out of standing depth of the user.

The highest degree of protection against drowning can only be achieved by using lifejackets. It is

essential that there is a clear distinction between devices intended to preserve life and those which are

intended only to assist buoyancy for the user when learning to swim. As swimming devices are not life

preservers, they should only be used in swimming pools and other situations free from current, tides

and waves.

The bulk storage of some sorts of swimming devices could, under certain conditions, result in a

potential fire hazard. The perceived risk of such a hazard was evaluated against the actual risk to the

user from materials treated with certain known toxic fire retardant chemicals. However, the fire hazard

is less of a problem to the user than the risk associated with the swimming devices being put in the

mouth, especially by children. For this reason, flammability requirements are not included in this

European Standard.

For the above reasons and to differentiate these devices from aquatic toys, advisory safety measures,

including marking, warning notices and user instructions are included in this standard.

The range both of the design and function of buoyant aids for swimming instruction varies considerably

and for this reason, the standard for swimming devices has been prepared in three parts, namely

devices that are intended to allow the user to become familiar with water (passive user), devices that

are worn (active user) and those devices that are held by the user to improve swimming strokes.

— Part 1 of this European Standard is only for devices that are securely attached to the body (class B

devices = for an active user). They are intended to introduce the user to the range of swimming

strokes.

— Part 2 of this European Standard is for devices that are held either in the hands or by the body

(class C = devices for an active user) and are intended to assist with improving specific elements of

the swimming stroke. For adult beginners or more advanced users they can also be used for further

stages of the process to learn to swim.

— Part 3 of this European Standard deals only with swim seats to assist children up to 36 months in

their first attempts to learn to swim i.e. to get familiar with the "in-water-environment" and moving

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
prEN 13138-2:2018 (E)

through it. The child is positioned inside the buoyant structure, which provides buoyancy and

lateral support to the body, thereby keeping the child's head above water level (class A

devices = for a passive user).

Swim seats allow young children to experience the water environment and being moved through it.

Movements of lower limbs and arms are possible. The use of swim seats does however not replicate

any form of a correct swimming stroke.

— Part 4 of this European Standard deals with in-water performance testing for class B devices and

provides objective methods of measuring the lifting and turning capacity of a swimming device by

applying test manikins of various sizes. It is applicable only in connection with part 1.

Swim seats complying with this standard provide a stable, floating position for a child sitting in the

swim seat and avoids entrapment in case of capsizing. Children in swim seats do however require

very close parental supervision. Overload beyond specified body weight, breaking waves and

violent external forces are remaining risks that can cause capsizing. Use of these devices in water

that is of the child‘s standing depth will increase the risk of capsizing and will hinder or block the

escape from the seat in case of emergency.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
prEN 13138-2:2018 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies safety requirements for construction, performance, sizing and

marking for swimming devices intended to assist users with movement through the water in the early

stages of water awareness, while learning to swim or while learning part of a swimming stroke. It also

gives methods of test for verification of these requirements.

This part 2 of EN 13138 applies only to class C devices that are designed to be held in the hands or by

the body. Typical devices include kick boards and pull/kick boards. These devices are used to assist in

learning to swim or to assist with swimming strokes and improving specific elements of the stroke,

which have either inherent buoyancy or can be inflated.

It does not apply to pull buoys, swim rings, lifebuoys, buoyancy aids, lifejackets or aquatic toys.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 71-1, Safety of toys — Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties

EN 20105-A02, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part A02: Grey scale for assessing change in colour

(ISO 105-A02)

EN ISO 105-E03:2010, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part E03: Colour fastness to chlorinated

water (swimming-pool water) (ISO 105-E03:2010)

EN ISO 105-E04, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part E04: Colour fastness to perspiration (ISO

105-E04)

EN ISO 105-X12, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part X12: Colour fastness to rubbing (ISO 105-

X12)

EN ISO 3696:1995, Water for analytical laboratory use — Specification and test methods (ISO 3696:1987)

EN ISO 12402-9:2006, Personal flotation devices — Part 9: Test methods (ISO 12402-9:2006)

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
buoyancy

resultant upthrust of a swimming device when totally submerged in fresh water with its uppermost

part just below the water surface
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
prEN 13138-2:2018 (E)
3.2
inherent buoyancy

upthrust provided by material which is less dense than water or by sealed chambers that are not

inflatable and are filled with air or gas
3.3
buoyant aid for swimming instruction (in brief ‘swimming device’)

garment or device which when worn or held correctly will provide the buoyancy required to become

familiar with movement through the water, assist with learning to swim or to improve swimming

stroke
3.4
minimum buoyancy
least buoyancy required by the standard
3.5
original buoyancy
buoyancy provided by the complete device when first tested
3.6
class A device

buoyant device in which the child is in contact with the water positioned inside the buoyant structure

so that it will keep the passive user in a stable floating position where the base of the chin is at or above

the surface of the water.

Note 1 to entry: This device is intended to allow the user to become familiar with the water environment.

3.7
class B device

buoyant swimming device intended to be worn, to be securely attached to the body and to introduce the

active user to the range of swimming strokes
3.8
class C device

device intended to be held either in the hands or, by the body and to assist with swimming strokes

and/or improving specific elements of the strokes
3.9
device to be worn

device having either inherent buoyancy or may be inflated to provide buoyancy and which is securely

attached to the body in such a way that it cannot be accidentally removed and so as to provide the user

with buoyancy
3.10
device to be held

device held either in the hands or by the body and provides buoyancy whilst it is being held by the user

3.11
conditioning

process to which the complete device shall be submitted that includes immersion in chlorinated salt

swimming pool water and storage in cold and hot conditions and comprising a number of cycles, to

simulate the conditions to which the device is likely to be subjected in normal use and storage

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
prEN 13138-2:2018 (E)
3.12
component

sub group of the entire device which contributes to either buoyancy, function or safety

3.13
swim seat

buoyant device intended to introduce the user to the aquatic environment and to build water

confidence as a pre-requisite to learning to swim.

Note 1 to entry: Swim seats provide safety for the user but do not guarantee protection against drowning.

3.14
swim seat system

all integrated components (parts) of a swim seat which contribute to stable floating conditions and to

safety during normal use or after an emergency capsizing
3.15
escape

complete separation between the test dummy and the swim seat in case of a deliberate capsizing of the

swim seat or swim seat system
3.16
assessment panel

group of three people who are appointed by a test house, all of whom are experienced in assessing

buoyant aids for swimming instruction
3.17
kick board

buoyant device designed to be held in the hands or by the arms in order to support the body in the

water to assist the user to improve swimming strokes
3.18
Turning-Lifting-Capacity
TLC

Turning Lifting Capacity of a swimming device is its capability to turn the user’s body into a specified

floating angle and to lift him to a level where the body floats at least just on equal level with the water

surface or above

Note 1 to entry: It is expressed as angle x between calibrated sinking angle and floating angle achieved by the

device.
3.19
sinking angle

sinking angle is the angle to which a test manikin is intentionally calibrated when hung on its center of

gravity and completely immersed under water
4 Classification
Buoyant swimming devices shall be classified by design according to Table 1.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
prEN 13138-2:2018 (E)
Table 1 — Classification of buoyant devices
Class Description

A Buoyant device in which the child is in contact with the water positioned inside the buoyant

structure. This device is intended to allow the user to become familiar with the water

environment. The device will keep the passive user in a stable floating position so that the base of

the chin is at or above the surface of the water.

B Buoyant swimming device intended to be worn, to be securely attached to the body and to

introduce the active user to
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.