Domestic swimming pools - Part 1: General requirements including safety and test methods

This European Standard specifies the general safety and quality requirements and test methods for domestic swimming pools. These requirements and test methods are applicable to inground, aboveground or recessed swimming pool structures, including their installation and means of access.
This standard does not apply to:
-   pools for public use covered by EN 15288-1;
-   spas for domestic or public use;
-   paddling pools according to EN 71-8.

Schwimmbäder für private Nutzung - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen einschließlich sicherheitstechnischer Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Dieses Dokument legt die allgemeinen sicherheitstechnischen Anforderungen und Anforderungen an die Qualität sowie Prüfverfahren für Schwimmbäder für private Nutzung fest. Diese Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren gelten für in den Boden eingelassene, auf dem Boden aufgestellte oder versenkte Schwimmbeckenkonstruktionen, einschließlich deren Montage und Zugangseinrichtungen.
Diese Norm gilt nicht für:
   öffentliche genutzte Schwimmbäder, die in EN 15288 1 behandelt sind;
   Warmsprudelbecken für private oder öffentliche Nutzung;
   Planschbecken nach EN 71 8.

Piscines privées à usage familial - Partie 1 : Exigences générales et de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences générales de sécurité et de qualité ainsi que les méthodes d'essai relatives aux piscines privées à usage familial. Ces exigences et méthodes d'essai sont applicables aux structures des piscines à enterrer, à poser sur le sol ou à encastrer, y compris leur installation et leurs moyens d'accès.
La présente norme ne s’applique pas :
-   aux piscines à usage collectif couvertes par l'EN 15288-1 ;
-   aux spas à usage privé familial ou à usage collectif ;
-   aux pataugettes selon l'EN 71-8.

Plavalni bazeni za domačo uporabo - 1. del: Splošne zahteve, vključno z varnostjo in preskusnimi metodami

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
23-May-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
20-May-2021
Due Date
25-Jul-2021
Completion Date
24-May-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
01-julij-2021

Plavalni bazeni za domačo uporabo - 1. del: Splošne zahteve, vključno z varnostjo

in preskusnimi metodami
Domestic swimming pools - Part 1: General requirements including safety and test
methods

Schwimmbäder für private Nutzung - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen einschließlich

sicherheitstechnischer Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Piscines privées à usage familial - Partie 1 : Exigences générales et de sécurité et

méthodes d'essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
ICS:
97.220.10 Športni objekti Sports facilities
SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
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SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
EN 16582-1:2015+A1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
May 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.220.10 Supersedes EN 16582-1:2015
English Version
Domestic swimming pools - Part 1: General requirements
including safety and test methods

Piscines privées à usage familial - Partie 1 : Exigences Schwimmbäder für private Nutzung - Teil 1:

générales et de sécurité et méthodes d'essai Allgemeine Anforderungen einschließlich

sicherheitstechnischer Anforderungen und
Prüfverfahren

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 20 June 2015 and includes Amendment approved by CEN on 11 December

2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 General requirements and test methods ............................................................................................. 12

4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2 Tolerances ...................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.3 Water leakage ................................................................................................................................................ 12

4.4 Minimum performance requirements for structural materials ................................................. 13

4.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

4.4.2 Specific requirements and testing for corrosion resistance ........................................................ 14

4.4.3 Osmosis resistance of composites and polymers ............................................................................. 15

4.4.4 Wood ................................................................................................................................................................. 16

4.5 Injury risks ..................................................................................................................................................... 16

4.5.1 Small elements, edges and corners ........................................................................................................ 16

4.5.2 Permissible openings ................................................................................................................................. 17

4.6 Accessibility ................................................................................................................................................... 19

4.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

4.6.2 Secure access to the swimming pool ..................................................................................................... 19

5 Requirements and test methods for means of access ..................................................................... 20

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20

5.2 Slip resistance ............................................................................................................................................... 20

5.3 Crushing and entrapment hazards ........................................................................................................ 21

5.4 Ladders ............................................................................................................................................................ 21

5.4.1 Dimensions ..................................................................................................................................................... 21

5.4.2 Load-bearing strength ................................................................................................................................ 25

5.4.3 Test for lateral stability of removable ladders .................................................................................. 26

5.4.4 Specific requirements for secured access points to enter the pool ........................................... 26

5.4.5 Other requirements .................................................................................................................................... 27

5.5 Bearing points ............................................................................................................................................... 27

5.5.1 Recessed bearing points ............................................................................................................................ 27

5.5.2 Raised bearing points ................................................................................................................................. 28

5.6 Submerged stairs.......................................................................................................................................... 30

5.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 30

5.6.2 Built-in stairs ................................................................................................................................................. 32

5.6.3 Fitted stairs .................................................................................................................................................... 32

5.7 Handrails ......................................................................................................................................................... 32

6 Instructions for the consumer ................................................................................................................. 32

6.1 General principles ........................................................................................................................................ 32

6.2 Self-built/installed pools ........................................................................................................................... 33

6.2.1 Point-of-purchase information ............................................................................................................... 33

6.2.2 Installation and commissioning manual ............................................................................................. 34

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SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021 (E)

6.2.3 Operating and maintenance manual ..................................................................................................... 34

6.3 Constructed / installed pools by professionals ................................................................................. 34

6.3.1 Point-of-purchase information ................................................................................................................ 34

6.3.2 Operating and maintenance manual ..................................................................................................... 35

6.4 Means of access .............................................................................................................................................. 35

6.4.1 Point-of-purchase information ................................................................................................................ 35

6.4.2 Operating and maintenance manual ..................................................................................................... 36

6.5 Examples illustrating pool sizes .............................................................................................................. 37

7 Safety signage ................................................................................................................................................. 39

Annex A (informative) Swimming pool structures .......................................................................................... 41

Annex B (informative) Safety information in the owner’s manual and instruction sheets

accompanying the swimming pool ......................................................................................................... 43

Annex C (normative) Methods of test for entrapment .................................................................................. 46

C.1 Head and neck entrapment ....................................................................................................................... 46

C.1.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 46

C.1.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 47

C.2 Finger and toe entrapment ....................................................................................................................... 47

C.2.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 47

C.2.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 47

C.3 Foot and hand entrapment ........................................................................................................................ 47

C.3.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 47

C.3.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 48

Annex D (informative) Aesthetic aspects on composite shells .................................................................... 49

D.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 49

D.2 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 49

D.3 Operating requirements and maintenance ......................................................................................... 49

D.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 49

D.3.2 Operating requirements ............................................................................................................................ 50

D.3.3 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 50

D.3.4 Influence of water quality .......................................................................................................................... 50

D.4 Discolourations and possible origins .................................................................................................... 51

D.5 Stains and possible origins ........................................................................................................................ 52

D.6 Repair of the aesthetic coating ................................................................................................................ 54

D.7 Mechanical disorders affecting only the aesthetic layer ................................................................ 54

D.7.1 Aesthetic cracks ............................................................................................................................................ 54

D.7.2 Surface protuberances ................................................................................................................................ 55

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 56

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SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 402

“Domestic pools and spas”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2021 and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 11 December 2020.
This document supersedes EN 16582-1:2015.

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !".

This document is part of a series of standards dealing with domestic swimming pools which consists of:

— Part 1: General requirements including safety and test methods;

— Part 2: Specific requirements including safety and test methods for inground pools;

— Part 3: Specific requirements including safety and test methods for aboveground pools.

This European Standard has to be read in conjunction with local and national regulations if they exist.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021 (E)
Introduction

This part of EN 16582 specifies requirements including safety and test methods that are generally

applicable to domestic swimming pools. For specific types of pools these requirements are

supplemented or modified by the requirements of specific standards which have been issued as

additional parts of this European Standard.
As specific standards exist, this general standard should not be used alone.

The users of this standard could be either in a Business to consumer (B to C) relationship, such as

constructors, installers, retailers, etc. or in a Business to business (B to B) relationship, such as

manufacturers, suppliers, distributors, etc. Safe products are the basis of the consumers' safety and

therefore, this European Standard should take into account the following topics:
— product safety and performance requirements;
— safe construction and installation,

— safe use, which could include information and red flags for consumers (e.g. “Don’t leave your child

unattended in the pool”).

Special attention should also be paid to environmental aspects, according to CEN Guide 4 (e.g.

minimizing water being wasted, etc.).
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SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the general safety and quality requirements and test methods for

domestic swimming pools. These requirements and test methods are applicable to inground,

aboveground or recessed swimming pool structures, including their installation and means of access.

This standard does not apply to:
— pools for public use covered by EN 15288-1;
— spas for domestic or public use;
— paddling pools according to EN 71-8.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 350-2, Durability of wood and wood-based products - Natural durability of solid wood - Part 2: Guide

to natural durability and treatability of selected wood species of importance in Europe

EN 351-1, Durability of wood and wood-based products - Preservative-treated solid wood - Part 1:

Classification of preservative penetration and retention

EN 335, Durability of wood and wood-based products - Use classes: definitions, application to solid wood

and wood-based products

EN 460, Durability of wood and wood-based products - Natural durability of solid wood - Guide to the

durability requirements for wood to be used in hazard classes
EN 1990:2002, Eurocode - Basis of structural design
!deleted text"
EN 14843:2007, Precast concrete products - Stairs

HD 60364-7-702, Low-voltage electrical installations - Part 7-702: Requirements for special installations

or locations - Swimming pools and fountains

EN ISO 1461, Hot dip galvanized coatings on fabricated iron and steel articles - Specifications and test

methods (ISO 1461)

EN ISO 4628-2, Paints and varnishes - Evaluation of degradation of coatings - Designation of quantity and

size of defects, and of intensity of uniform changes in appearance - Part 2: Assessment of degree of

blistering (ISO 4628-2)

EN ISO 4628-3, Paints and varnishes - Evaluation of degradation of coatings - Designation of quantity and

size of defects, and of intensity of uniform changes in appearance - Part 3: Assessment of degree of rusting

(ISO 4628-3)

EN ISO 9227, Corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres - Salt spray tests (ISO 9227)

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SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021 (E)

CEN/TS 16165, Determination of slip resistance of pedestrian surfaces - Methods of evaluation

ISO 20712-1, Water safety signs and beach safety flags - Part 1: Specifications for water safety signs used

in workplaces and public areas

!EN 16713-3", Domestic swimming pools - Water systems - Part 3: Treatment - Requirements

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
basin
specific water tank where water-related activities are carried out
3.2
usage class 4 wood

situation where the wood or wood-based product is in contact with the ground or fresh water and

therefore permanently exposed to wetting
3.3
point-of-purchase information

information given to consumer prior to purchase so that they can make informed choices

3.4
swimming pool kit

set of compatible and consistent elements of a swimming pool comprising of the pool or the structure,

the means of access, the filtration and skimming system with hydraulic connections necessary for its

operation, installation and commissioning manual, and the operating and maintenance manual

3.5
inground swimming pool kit

swimming pool kit, designed to be installed in the ground, with structural elements that ensure intrinsic

resistance to internal and external pressures
3.6
aboveground swimming pool kit

swimming pool kit, designed to be placed on the ground or any suitable flat horizontal surface, with

structural elements that ensures intrinsic resistance to internal pressures
3.7
recessed swimming pool kit

swimming pool kit, designed to be installed in the ground, in a masonry structure or equivalent that

ensures resistance to internal and external pressures, if required
3.8
watertightness
degree to which water is prevented from leaking from the pool shell
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SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021 (E)
3.9
liner

removable independent pocket, factory-made from flexible, expandable, plasticized poly(vinyl chloride)

(PVC-P) membranes, capable of achieving a certain level of watertightness

Note 1 to entry: The liner contributes to the watertightness of a swimming pool in the same way as the parts to

be sealed and the pipework.
3.10
coping

independent add-on feature, which forms the total or partial edge of a pool, on its periphery, on the

upper part of the wall

Note 1 to entry: Add-on features with a width greater than or equal to 50 mm are considered as copings.

Note 2 to entry: On some swimming pools, the top coping also functions as the liner lock.

3.11
reinforced membrane

composite made of various thermoplastic sheets, applied on a layer comprising a reinforcement

3.12
membrane

sheet made of calendered or extruded, waterproof and gas-pervious, plasticized poly(vinyl chloride)

(PVC-P), packaged in rolls, for use in the manufacture of swimming pool liners
3.13
operating and maintenance manual
operating guide and common recommendations on use for safety and maintenance
3.14
installation and commissioning manual
document indicating the various installation and commissioning operations
3.15
frame work

all of the resistant parts that support and/or reinforce the wall in view of forming the peripheral

structure
3.16
tool

hand held device that can be used to secure, perform or facilitate mechanical operations

Note 1 to entry: A screw driver, key or coin are considered as tools.
3.17
pool wall

generally upright structure serving to enclose or divide water, or to protect an area

3.18
parts to be embedded

equipment, fixed firmly into the surrounding structure, mainly in the pool that have the specific

functions such as water circulation/filtration, lighting, counter-current swimming devices, sound

system, air injection, alarm sensors, cameras, portholes, etc.
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SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021 (E)
3.19
swimming pool (pool)

artificial basin, where water is filtered being disinfected and retains continuous residual disinfection

properties, renewed and recycled, as well as all of the equipment strictly necessary for its operation

capable of achieving a certain level of watertightness
3.20
structure

part, or assembly of parts, designed to support loads and provide a sufficient degree of rigidity

[SOURCE: EN 1990:2002, modified]
Note 1 to entry: The structure guarantees the stability and cohesion of a pool.

Note 2 to entry: The "coping" is considered only if it contributes to the strength of the structure.

3.21
effective volume of water

capacity of the pool tank guaranteed by the manufacturer and determined from the water depth

recommended by the manufacturer
3.22
means of access
design feature to facilitate entry to and/or exit from the basin
3.23
tread
horizontal component or upper surface of a step
3.24
step
part of the stairs, or of a ladder, consisting of a tread and possibly a riser
[SOURCE: EN 14843:2007, modified]
3.25
platform
upper, horizontal tread, connecting the two legs of a ladder
3.26
ladder

structure used for entering and exiting the water, formed from rails connected by steps or treads,

and/or platform(s)
3.27
stair

succession of horizontal stages (steps or landings) which makes it possible to pass on foot to other

levels
[SOURCE: EN 14843:2007, modified]
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SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021 (E)
3.28
pool handrail

design feature to be gripped or grasped intended to assist the user to balance, to enter, to move around

and/or to get out of the water
3.29
grip
holding of the hand around the entire circumference of a support
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
Note 2 to entry: See Table 6.
[SOURCE: !EN 1176-1:2017, 3.16", modified - Note to entry has been added.]
Figure 1 — Grip
3.30
grasp
holding of the hand around part of the circumference of a support
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 2.
Note 2 to entry: See Table 6.
[SOURCE: !EN 1176-1:2017, 3.17", modified - Note to entry has been added.]
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SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021 (E)
Figure 2 — Grasp
3.31
thermosetting polymer shell

main element of the prefabricated swimming pool (generally a polyester shell), that is a homogeneous

structure, which is watertight and whose function is to contain the water
3.32
entrapment

hazard presented by the situation in which a body, or part of a body, or clothing can become trapped

Note 1 to entry: Entrapment is only considered where the user is not able to free himself/herself.

3.33
laminated polyester or composite materials

polymeric materials jointly implemented to form a shell structure serving as pool, coating and

watertightness
3.34
chemical barrier layer
technical resin layer immediately under the aesthetic layer, reinforced or not
3.35
aesthetic layer (coating)
surface in contact with water, generally a resin

Note 1 to entry: Its use is limited to pools whose temperature is lower or equal to 28 °C unless otherwise

specified by the manufacturer.
3.36
aesthetic disorders

staining, stain rings, discoloration due to an aggressive chemical water treatment product or

physicochemical parameters of water
3.37
water treatment

use of chemical products and / or processes associated with filtration ensuring clean and healthy water

Note 1 to entry: The water treatment ensures water quality suitable for swimming according to the series

!EN 16713".
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SIST EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021
EN 16582-1:2015+A1:2021 (E)
3.38
adult supervisor(s)
parent or responsible adult appointed by a parent
3.39
deck
fitted surface, contiguous to pool

Note 1 to entry: The loose ground (grass, sand, etc.) is not considered as part of the deck.

4 General requirements and test methods
4.1 General

In use, installed according to the installation and commissioning manual, the swimming

...

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