Fertilizers and liming materials - Vocabulary - Part 3: Terms relating to liming materials

This European Standard defines terms relating to liming materials.
An index of all terms defined in this part of EN 12944, with their French and German equivalents; is given in Annex A.
A general index of all terms defined in all three parts of EN 12944, with their French and German equivalents, is given in Annex B.

Düngemittel und Kalkdünger - Vokabular - Teil 3: Begriffe für Kalkdünger

Dieses Dokument definiert Begriffe, die sich auf Kalkdünger beziehen.
Anhang A enthält eine alphabetische Liste aller in diesem Teil von EN 12944 definierten Begriffe einschlie߬lich der äqui¬valenten englischen und französischen Benennungen.
Ein alle drei Teile von EN 12944 umfassender Gesamtindex einschließlich der äquivalenten englischen und französischen Benennungen ist in Anhang B enthalten.

Engrais et amendements minéraux basiques - Vocabulaire - Partie 3 : Termes relatifs aux amendements minéraux basiques

Le présent document définit les termes ayant trait aux amendements minéraux basiques.
Un index de tous les termes définis dans la présente partie de l’EN 12944, avec leurs équivalents français et allemands, est donné dans l’Annexe A.
Un index général de tous les termes définis dans les trois parties de l’EN 12944, avec leurs équivalents français et allemands, est donné dans l’Annexe B.

Gnojila in sredstva za apnjenje - Slovar - 3. del: Izrazi v zvezi s sredstvi za apnjenje

Ta evropski standard določa izraze v povezavi s sredstvi za apnjenje.
Kazalo vseh izrazov, opredeljenih v tem delu standarda EN 12944, z njihovimi francoskimi in nemškimi ustreznicami, je podano v dodatku A.
Splošno kazalo vseh izrazov, opredeljenih v vseh treh delih standarda EN 12944, z njihovimi francoskimi in nemškimi ustreznicami, je podano v dodatku B.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
14-May-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
15-May-2019
Completion Date
15-May-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 12944-3:2019
01-julij-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 12944-3:2002

Gnojila in sredstva za apnjenje - Slovar - 3. del: Izrazi v zvezi s sredstvi za apnjenje

Fertilizers and liming materials - Vocabulary - Part 3: Terms relating to liming materials

Düngemittel und Kalkdünger - Vokabular - Teil 3: Begriffe für Kalkdünger

Engrais et amendements calciques et/ou magnésiens - Vocabulaire - Partie 3 : Termes

relatifs aux amendements calciques et/ou magnésiens
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 12944-3:2019
ICS:
01.040.65 Kmetijstvo (Slovarji) Agriculture (Vocabularies)
65.080 Gnojila Fertilizers
SIST EN 12944-3:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 12944-3:2019
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SIST EN 12944-3:2019
EN 12944-3
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
May 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 01.040.65; 65.080 Supersedes EN 12944-3:2001
English Version
Fertilizers and liming materials - Vocabulary - Part 3:
Terms relating to liming materials

Engrais et amendements minéraux basiques - Düngemittel und Kalkdünger - Vokabular - Teil 3:

Vocabulaire - Partie 3 : Termes relatifs aux Begriffe für Kalkdünger
amendements minéraux basiques
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 December 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 12944-3:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 12944-3:2019
EN 12944-3:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 4

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 4

3.1 Terms relating to products of production ............................................................................................. 4

3.2 Terms relating to physical or physico-chemical properties ............................................................ 7

3.3 Terms relating to agricultural and environment liming purposes and use .............................. 9

3.4 Terms relating to liming effect ................................................................................................................... 9

Annex A (informative) Index ................................................................................................................................. 10

Annex B (informative) General index ................................................................................................................ 13

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 22

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SIST EN 12944-3:2019
EN 12944-3:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 12944-3:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 260 “Fertilizers and

liming materials”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn

at the latest by August 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 12944-3:2001.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

The following changes have been made to the former edition:
a) terminological entry 3.1.20 “liming material” revised;
b) definition of 3.2.5 “acidification” revised;
c) terminological entry 3.2.13 “neutralizing value” revised;
d) definition of 3.2.14 “reactivity” harmonized with ISO 8157:2015;
e) former terminological entry 2.2.15 “specific area” deleted;
f) new terminological entry 3.2.15 “base saturation rate” added;
g) definition of 3.4.2 “liming effect” harmonized with ISO 8157:2015;

EN 12944, Fertilizers and liming materials — Vocabulary, is currently composed of the following parts:

— Part 1: General terms.
— Part 2: Terms relating to fertilizers.
— Part 3: Terms relating to liming materials.

These definitions may not necessarily correspond with those used in national legislation.

NOTE A classification scheme for fertilizers and liming materials is given in EN 13535 [1].

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SIST EN 12944-3:2019
EN 12944-3:2019 (E)
1 Scope
This document defines terms relating to liming materials.

An index of all terms defined in this part of EN 12944, with their French and German equivalents, is given in

Annex A.

A general index of all terms defined in all three parts of EN 12944, with their French and German

equivalents, is given in Annex B.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1 Terms relating to products of production
3.1.1
calcination

burning or heating of a material, usually in order to remove volatile components or in order to change the

crystal structure
3.1.2
carbonation
conversion of slaked lime to carbonate by uptake of carbon dioxide
3.1.3
chalk

form of calcium carbonate derived from the skeletons of microscopic marine organisms

3.1.4
wet grinding
grinding of material in the presence of water
3.1.5
degree of burning

degree to which carbon dioxide has been removed during the production of quicklime or burnt dolomite

3.1.6
lime-burnt dolomite

dolomitic limestone calcined to the same carbon dioxide level as normally burnt limestone

3.1.7
burnt dolomite

liming material mainly consisting of calcium oxide and magnesium oxide obtained by calcination of

dolomitic limestone
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SIST EN 12944-3:2019
EN 12944-3:2019 (E)
3.1.8
burnt magnesium lime

liming material mainly consisting of calcium oxide and magnesium oxide obtained by calcination of

magnesian limestone
3.1.9
free lime

< products and production > the calcium oxides and/or hydroxides which have not reacted with the liming

material they are included in
Note 1 to entry: A definition of free lime relating to soils is given in 3.4.4.
3.1.10
kiln
general term for the equipment used for lime burning
3.1.11
rotary kiln
rotary tubular counter-current kiln
3.1.12
shaft kiln
kiln constructed as a vertical combustion shaft
3.1.13
lime
general term for burnt lime and hydrated lime
3.1.14
burnt lime
quick lime

liming material consisting mainly of calcium oxide, or a mixture of calcium oxide and possibly magnesium

oxide, produced by the calcination of limestone, magnesian limestone or dolomitic limestone

3.1.15
filter lime

liming material in the form of dust, obtained from flue gases during lime burning

3.1.16
slaked lime
hydrated lime

liming material consisting mainly of calcium hydroxide, or a mixture of calcium hydroxide and possibly

magnesium hydroxide, produced by a controlled reaction between burnt lime and water

Note 1 to entry: The reaction between burnt lime and water is referred to as “slaking”.

3.1.17
limestone

natural rock consisting mainly of varying amounts of calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate,

containing less than a mass fraction of 2 % of magnesium expressed as Mg
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SIST EN 12944-3:2019
EN 12944-3:2019 (E)
3.1.18
magnesian limestone

natural rock consisting mainly of varying amounts of calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate,

containing a mass fraction of at least 2 % and less than 10 % of magnesium expressed as Mg

3.1.19
dolomitic limestone

natural rock consisting mainly of varying amounts of calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate,

containing a mass fraction of at least 10 % of magnesium expressed as Mg
3.1.20
liming material
agricultural lime

mineral substances and mixtures whose main function is to correct soil acidity improving physical, chemical

and biological soil properties and which contains either oxides, hydroxides, carbonates, or silicates of the

nutrients calcium and/or magnesium

Note 1 to entry: The terms “lime” and “liming soil amendment” are also used, but “liming material” or “agricultural

lime” are preferred.
3.1.21
silicate liming material
basic slag from metallurgical processes such as blast furnaces or converters
3.1.22
blast furnace lime
blast furnace slag

product from ironmaking consisting mainly of calcium silicates and magnesium silicates

3.1.23
converter lime
converter slag
product from steelmaking consisting mainly of calcium silicates
3.1.24
sludge liming material

product from industry consisting of calcium carbonate and/or calcium hydroxide and a substantial amount

of water
3.1.25
sugar factory lime

product from the sugar industry obtained by carbonation and containing calcium carbonate

3.1.26
marl

soft, natural deposit containing varying amounts of calcium carbonate mixed with clay

3.1.27
carbonate rock
natural rock with a carbonate mineral as its main constituent

Note 1 to entry: Limestone, chalk, dolomitic limestone and magnesite are examples of carbonate rocks.

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SIST EN 12944-3:2019
EN 12944-3:2019 (E)
3.1.28
calcite
trigonal crystalline form of calcium carbonate
3.1.29
aragonite
orthorhombic crystalline form of calcium carbonate
3.1.30
magnesite

crystalline mineral with the chemical composition magnesium carbonate isomorphic with calcite

3.1.31
slag

general term for a liming material from metallurgical processes consisting mainly of calcium silicates and

magnesium silicates
3.1.32
dry slaking

slaking of burnt lime with least possible amount of water resulting in a powdery slaked lime

3.1.33
wet slaking

slaking of burnt lime with surplus water resulting in slaked lime in the form of milk-of-lime, slurry or paste

3.1.34
liming material of natural origin

calcium or calcium and magnesium carbonates, oxides and hydroxides produced from naturally occurring

geological deposits
3.2 Terms relating to physical or physico-chemical properties
3.2.1
acid insoluble residue

matter remaining after the liming material has been dissolved in hydrochloric acid (HCl)

Note 1 to entry: For the English term “acid insoluble residue” AIR is commonly used as an abbreviation.

3.2.2
alkaline solution
basic solution
solution with a pH higher than 7
3.2.3
alkalinity
capacity to neutralize acids, i.e. absorbing hydrogen ions (H+)
3.2.4
acid solution
solution with a pH lower than 7
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SIST EN 12944-3:2019
EN 12944-3:2019 (E)
3.2.5
acidification

natural or imposed process due to accumulation of H or other acid compounds resulting in lowering pH

values in soils, watercourses and lakes
3.2.6
buffer capacity
capacity to resist a change in pH value when acid or alkali is added
3.2.7
basicity
ratio between alkaline oxides and acidic oxides
3.2.8
neutralization
+ -

reaction when a surplus of H or OH is eliminated through addition of alkali or acid respectively

Note 1 to entry: Liming materials are used to eliminate surplus of H .
3.2.9
carbon dioxide residue
residual carbonate content measured as carbon dioxide (CO ) in burnt lime
3.2.10
loss on ignition
mass loss by heating a dried sample to constant mass at a specified temperature

Note 1 to entry: For the English term “loss on ignition”, "LOI" is commonly used as an abbreviation.

3.2.11
neutralizing effect
ability of a liming material to neutralize soil acidity or water acidity
3.2.12
pH value
10-logarithm for the inverted value of the hydrogen ion activity in a solution
3.2.13
neutralizing value

number which represents the amount in kilograms of calcium oxide (CaO) or corresponding unit which has

the same neutralizing effect as 100 kg of the product under consideration

Note 1 to entry: Several units can be used (CaO equivalent, CaCO equivalent, or HO equivalent).

3.2.14
reactivity

rate of reaction of a liming material with acid under specified conditions measured with a specific standard

[SOURCE: ISO 8157:2015, 2.4.16]
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SIST EN 12944-3:2019
EN 12944-3:2019 (E)
3.2.15
“base” saturation rate

proportion of exchangeable calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium of the total cation exchange

capacity (CEC) of the soil
Note 1 to entry: All expressed as equivalents.
 
Ca+ Mg++K Na x 100
 

Note 2 to entry: The ratio is expressed as percentage. The saturation rate is calculated by .

CEC

Note 3 to entry: These elements are not bases, but act in an acid base soil colloid system.

3.3 Terms relating to agricultural and environment liming purposes and use
3.3.1
liming for preservation purposes

periodic liming of soils or water to correct and maintain the pH value appropriate for the habitat in question

3.3.2
liming for rehabilitation purposes
...

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