Information technology - Automatic identification and data capture techniques - Electronic identification plate

This document defines a concept for building data structures (including data elements, syntax and semantics) for type plates with a RFID transponder (including HF, UHF, NFC), 2D symbol (including DataMatrix, QR-Code) and human readable text in a consistent way.
This document also defines a minimum set of consistent data that are needed on the data carriers when multiple data carrier techniques are used on the same item.
This document also gives guidance for creating specific applications standards, to support interoperability and backward compatibility.
The processes related to the usage of type plates are not in scope of this document.

Informationstechnik - Automatische Identifikation und Datenerfassungsverfahren - Elektronisches Typenschild

Dieses Dokument legt ein Konzept für den einheitlichen Aufbau von Datenstrukturen (einschließlich Datenelementen, Syntax und Semantik) für Typenschilder mit RFID-Transponder (einschließlich HF, UHF, NFC), 2D-Symbol (einschließlich DataMatrix und QR-Code) und Klartext fest.
Außerdem legt dieses Dokument ein Minimum einheitlicher Daten fest, die auf den Datenträgern erforderlich sind, wenn für dieselben Gegenstände mehrere Datenträgertechnologien eingesetzt werden.
Darüber hinaus stellt dieses Dokument einen Leitfaden zur Erstellung spezifischer Anwendungsnormen dar, um die Interoperabilität und Abwärtskompatibilität zu verbessern.
Die Verfahren im Zusammenhang mit der Verwendung von Typenschildern fallen nicht in den Anwendungs¬bereich dieses Dokuments.

Technologies de l'information - Techniques automatiques d'identification et de saisie de données - Plaque signalétique électronique

Le présent document définit un concept d’élaboration cohérente de structures des données (incluant les éléments de données, la syntaxe et la sémantique) pour les plaques signalétiques munies d’un transpondeur RFID (incluant HF, UHF, NFC), les symboles 2D (incluant les codes DataMatrix, QR Code) et les textes en clair.
Le présent document définit également un ensemble minimal de données cohérentes dont la présence est indispensable sur les supports de données lorsque des techniques multiples de support de données sont utilisées pour le même article.
Le présent document fournit également des lignes directrices en matière de création de normes d’application spécifiques pour favoriser l’interopérabilité et la rétrocompatibilité.
Les processus associés à l’utilisation des plaques signalétiques ne relèvent pas du domaine d’application du présent document.

Informacijska tehnologija - Tehnike za samodejno razpoznavanje in zajem podatkov - Elektronska identifikacijska tablica

Ta standard določa koncept za dosledno izgradnjo podatkovnih struktur (vključno s podatkovnimi elementi, skladnjo in semantiko) za tipske ploščice s transponderjem RFID (vključno s HF, UHF, NFC), 2D-simbolom (vključno s podatkovno matrico, kodo QR) in čitljivim besedilom.
Ta standard določa tudi minimalni nabor doslednih podatkov, ki so potrebni na podatkovnih nosilcih, kadar se za isti element uporablja več tehnik za podatkovne nosilce.
Ta standard podaja tudi smernice za oblikovanje standardov za posebne načine uporabe, ki zagotavljajo podporo za interoperabilnost in povratno združljivost.
Postopki, povezani z uporabo tipskih ploščic, ne spadajo na področje uporabe tega standarda.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
26-Feb-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
27-Feb-2019
Completion Date
27-Feb-2019

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Informacijska tehnologija - Tehnike za samodejno razpoznavanje in zajem podatkov - Elektronska identifikacijska tablicaInformationstechnik - Automatische Identifikation und Datenerfassungsverfahren - Elektronisches TypenschildTechnologies d'information - Techniques d'identification automatique et de saisie de données - Plaque signalétique électroniqueInformation technology - Automatic identification and data capture techniques - Electronic identification plate35.040.50Tehnike za samodejno razpoznavanje in zajem podatkovAutomatic identification and data capture techniquesICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 17071:2019SIST EN 17071:2019en,fr,de01-maj-2019SIST EN 17071:2019SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 17071:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 17071
February
t r s { ICS
u wä r v rä w r English Version

Information technology æ Automatic identification and data capture techniques æ Electronic identification plate Technologies de l 5information æ Techniques automatiques d 5identification et de saisie de données æ Plaque signalétique électronique

Informationstechnik æ Automatische Identifikation und Datenerfassungsverfahren æ Elektronisches Typenschild This European Standard was approved by CEN on

t w June
t r s zä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s { CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s y r y sã t r s { ESIST EN 17071:2019

EN 17071:2019 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7 4 Concepts ............................................................................................................................................................. 7 4.1 Principles ........................................................................................................................................................... 7 4.2 Type plate format ............................................................................................................................................ 7 4.3 Interoperability on Data Level ................................................................................................................... 7 4.4 Unique Identification ..................................................................................................................................... 8 4.5 Data Attributes ................................................................................................................................................. 8 4.6 Data Carriers ..................................................................................................................................................... 8 4.7 Data Structures ................................................................................................................................................ 9 4.8 Detailed Application Standards ................................................................................................................. 9 5 Data ...................................................................................................................................................................... 9 5.1 General aspects ................................................................................................................................................ 9 5.2 Data Quality Dimensions .............................................................................................................................. 9 5.3 Data Protection ............................................................................................................................................. 10 5.4 Data Security .................................................................................................................................................. 10 5.5 Privacy.............................................................................................................................................................. 10 5.6 Digital Signature ........................................................................................................................................... 11 5.7 Reference based Data Access ................................................................................................................... 11 5.7.1 Data Access Concepts .................................................................................................................................. 11 5.7.2 Requirements for Reference-Only Data Access ................................................................................. 11 5.8 Unique Identification .................................................................................................................................. 11 5.8.1 Monomorphic and Combined Unique Identification ....................................................................... 11 5.8.2 Unique ID with Application Identifiers ................................................................................................ 12 5.8.3 Unique ID with Data Identifiers .............................................................................................................. 15 5.9 Data on Object ............................................................................................................................................... 15 5.9.1 Mandatory Data ............................................................................................................................................ 15 5.9.2 Basic Data ........................................................................................................................................................ 15 5.9.3 Additional Data ............................................................................................................................................. 17 5.9.4 Variable Data ................................................................................................................................................. 17 5.9.5 Order of the Data Elements ...................................................................................................................... 17 5.9.6 Access to Data via the Internet ................................................................................................................ 18 6 Data Carriers .................................................................................................................................................. 18 6.1 Overview ......................................................................................................................................................... 18 6.2 Human Readable Text ................................................................................................................................ 20 6.2.1 Physical ............................................................................................................................................................ 20 6.2.2 Semantical....................................................................................................................................................... 20 6.3 Optical Readable Symbols ......................................................................................................................... 20 6.3.1 Common Aspects .......................................................................................................................................... 20 6.3.2 GS1 DataMatrix ............................................................................................................................................. 20 6.3.3 DataMatrix with Data Identifiers............................................................................................................ 21 6.3.4 GS1 QR Code ................................................................................................................................................... 22 6.3.5 QR Code with Data Identifiers ................................................................................................................. 23 6.4 RFID ................................................................................................................................................................... 24 SIST EN 17071:2019

EN 17071:2019 (E) 3 6.4.1 Common Aspects ........................................................................................................................................... 24 6.4.2 GS1 HF with ISO/IEC 18000-3 Mode 3 ................................................................................................... 24 6.4.3 HF with Data Identifiers with ISO/IEC 18000-3 Mode 3 ................................................................. 25 6.4.4 HF with Data Identifiers in ISO/IEC 18000-3 Mode 1 ...................................................................... 25 6.4.5 NFC with NDEF records ............................................................................................................................... 25 6.4.6 UHF with GS1 Compliant Content............................................................................................................ 26 6.4.7 UHF with Data Identifiers .......................................................................................................................... 26 7 Layout of Electronic Type Plates ............................................................................................................. 27 8 Detailed Application Standards ............................................................................................................... 29 Annex A (informative)

Example with simple data and several compression methods .................... 30 Annex B (informative)

Data Identifier “F” for Hierarchical Structure .................................................... 35 Annex C (informative)

Data Extensions for Events ........................................................................................ 36 C.1 Data Extensions for Events ........................................................................................................................ 36 C.2 Tree structure for events ........................................................................................................................... 36 Annex D (informative)

Access to External Data Records via Internet .................................................... 40 D.1 Use Cases .......................................................................................................................................................... 40 D.2 With Data Identifiers ................................................................................................................................... 40 D.3 Example for Internet Access via P2P Data Identifier “34L” ........................................................... 40 D.4 With Application Identifiers ..................................................................................................................... 41 D.5 Example for Internet Access ..................................................................................................................... 41 Annex E (informative)

Logic to Parse Out the Unique Identification When Data Identifiers are used ............................................................................................................................................................ 42 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 43

SIST EN 17071:2019

EN 17071:2019 (E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 17071:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 225 “AIDC technologies”, the secretariat of which is held by TSE. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2019. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 17071:2019

EN 17071:2019 (E) 5 Introduction Many items are equipped with a type plate, which contains the most relevant data for the identification of the item and to fulfil legal requirements. These type plates are widely manufacturer and user specific. This causes problems as the data construction for machine readable processing is done in different ways. The data on type plates is among others required for the installation, maintenance and inventory management of items. Machine readable data carriers are used more and more to support reading the data in higher efficiency and with fewer errors. In order to rationalize the related activities, the data constructs used in type plates needs to be in a consistent way to allow use of both human readable and machine readable information on the type plate. RFID can give access to the data without that the type plate should be directly visible to the reader and may offer the possibility for rewriting part of the content or add content. Depending on the memory size of the transponder more data can be stored. SIST EN 17071:2019

EN 17071:2019 (E) 6 1 Scope This document defines a concept for building data structures (including data elements, syntax and semantics) for type plates with a RFID transponder (including HF, UHF, NFC), 2D symbol (including DataMatrix, QR-Code) and human readable text in a consistent way. This document also defines a minimum set of consistent data that are needed on the data carriers when multiple data carrier techniques are used on the same item. This document also gives guidance for creating specific applications standards, to support interoperability and backward compatibility. The processes related to the usage of type plates are not in scope of this document. 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 16571:2014, Information technology — RFID privacy impact assessment process EN 16656, Information technology — Radio frequency identification for item management — RFID Emblem (ISO/IEC 29160:2012, modified) ISO/IEC 15418, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — GS1 Application Identifiers and ASC MH10 Data Identifiers and maintenance ISO/IEC 15424, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Data Carrier Identifiers (including Symbology Identifiers) ISO/IEC 15434, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Syntax for high-capacity ADC media ISO/IEC 15459-2, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Unique identification — Part 2: Registration procedures ISO/IEC 15459-4, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Unique identification — Part 4: Individual products and product packages ISO/IEC 15962:2013, Information technology — Radio frequency identification (RFID) for item management — Data protocol: data encoding rules and logical memory functions ISO/IEC 16022, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Data Matrix bar code symbology specification ISO/IEC 18000-3, Information technology — Radio frequency identification for item management — Part 3: Parameters for air interface communications at 13,56 MHz ISO/IEC 18000-63, Information technology — Radio frequency identification for item management — Part 63: Parameters for air interface communications at 860 MHz to 960 MHz Type C ISO/IEC 18004, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — QR Code bar code symbology specification SIST EN 17071:2019

EN 17071:2019 (E) 7 ISO/IEC 19762, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) techniques — Harmonized vocabulary EPC Tag Data Standard 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 19762 apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses: http://www.electropedia.org/ http://www.iso.org/obp 4 Concepts 4.1 Principles Type plates are typically attached physically to the item to provide basic information about the item. Shape and content of type plates vary depending on sector and type of equipment. For some sectors / equipment types, regulations mandate specific format and content. This standard defines general rules for machine readable type plates, and how to implement sectors / equipment specific additional requirements in machine readable form. 4.2 Type plate format This standard specifies the machine readable representation of data in barcodes and/or RFID, including the barcode symbology standards and the RFID radio protocols standards to be used for type labels. This standard also specifies some aspects for human readable data to ease consistent processing with machine readable data. Item specific type plate format aspects such as a minimum or maximum size or shapes are not restricted by this standard. 4.3 Interoperability on Data Level The physical, syntactical and semantical representations in the different media depend on the media / data carrier. Capturing and pre-processing the data from the type labels requires different equipment and tools, depending on used media. However once captured and pre-processed the encoded data map –as far as possible- to a technology independent set of data elements. Figure 1 shows how interoperable data encoded and transmitted with different technologies can be provided for applications and services for technology-independent further processing. SIST EN 17071:2019

EN 17071:2019 (E) 8

Figure 1 — Interoperability on data level Once the data are made available in a target application the further processing, e.g. access additional data via the internet- should not depend on the data carrier used for the type label. 2D symbols and human readable text should be easy to use as backup for RFID media, and vice versa, when possible. 4.4 Unique Identification The identifier/identification relate to the object to which the type plate is attached, not to the type plate itself. Each individual instance of serialized objects marked with a type plate is uniquely identified. The unique identification can be within one “monomorphic” data element, or can be splitted in several data elements. 4.5 Data Attributes Unique identification of items is the minimum mandatory information in this standard. Data attributes vary greatly depending on the type of items and the sector of use. Many regulations are mandating the use -especially of human readable- data attributes. Typical data attributes related to identification and approvals are: product code, product version or revision, serial number, lot number, country of origin, production date, company name, company ID Examples of technical data attributes are: operating voltage, power, weight, pressure, length, width, maximum temperature, etc. Data Attributes can be marked on the type label, or can be referred via the type label. 4.6 Data Carriers Data carriers in scope are human readable text, 2D symbols and RFID tags. For human readable text this standard has some requirements, but does not define specific headers or fonts. For 2D symbols this standard allows DataMatrix and QR-Code. SIST EN 17071:2019

EN 17071:2019 (E) 9 For RFID type plates this standard allows HF (13,56 MHz, ISO/IEC 18000-3 Mode 1 and Mode 3), NFC (13,56 MHz, NFC Forum Types 1,2,3,4 and 5) and UHF (860…960 MHz, ISO/IEC 18000-63). Table 1 gives an overview of data carrier technology specific aspects of the interoperable data. Table 1 —data carrier specific aspects with interoperable data content

Human Readable 2D Symbol RFID HF and UHF RFID NFC Type of information Heading DI/AI EPC, AFI, DI/AI, Relative OID NDEF Value of information Data Data Data Data Format of information Font Syntax Syntax Syntax Communication of information Visual Symbology Air interface protocol Air interface protocol 4.7 Data Structures Human readable text is structured in headers and data. 2D symbols and RFID content is structured with ISO/IEC 15434 Data Transfer Syntax –if more than one element-, and semantics according to ISO/IEC 15418. ISO/IEC 15418 is referring to ANS MH 10.8.2 and GS1 General Specifications. The semantics of data elements is indicated either with ANS MH 10.8.2 Data Identifiers or GS1 Application Identifiers. When RFID (including NFC) is used, then the ISO/IEC 15962 applies in addition. NOTE When NFC is used, the data (according to ISO/IEC 15962, ISO/IEC 15434 and ISO/IEC 15418) is encoded in the “payload” of an NDEF record. 4.8 Detailed Application Standards When more specific application standards do apply in addition to this standard, they can be referred to with the dedicated data element identified with “10N”, when Data Identifiers are used. 5 Data 5.1 General aspects For any machine readable media –RFID or 2D symbol- the content shall contain an ISO/IEC 15459 conform unique identification of the marked item. The tag identification (TID) is not sufficient for the purpose of unique identification of the marked item, as the TID does not directly refer to the object to be identified, but provides “only” the unique identification of the transponder. The TID is used by some anti-collision-protocols for simultaneous reading of several transponders (bulk reading). 5.2 Data Quality Dimensions The data quality is based to the requirements of the users and their situation where the data are used. Data quality is always made dependent on the requirements of the product information. The data and the quality of this data shall always comply with the requirements. The basis for the information are data, thus the data quality affects the quality of the information obtained from the data. The statements regarding to the quality of information refer to how accurately this describes the reality or how reliable it is. However, to measure the quality of data, all possible applications and requests for data shall be understood. The generic data quality issues in conjunction with the specific requirements of the SIST EN 17071:2019

EN 17071:2019 (E) 10 business processes and the actual product information determines the specific data quality requirements. The following data quality dimensions are to consider: - accuracy - objectivity - believability - reputation - accessibility - access security - value-added - timeliness - completeness - amount of information - interpretability - ease of understanding - ease of manipulation - concise representation - consistent representation 5.3 Data Protection The data protection is not described in this standard, because the memory structures and their protection mechanisms (write protection, read protection) depend on the transponder chips and are not uniform. The memories are segmented in blocks of e.g. 2, 4, 8, or 16 byte length. Each block can be protected individually. Hereby it depends on the chips, which protection mechanisms are available. It can be a write protection only or a protection mechanism that prevents reading of the data too. It is up to the user, how the respective mechanisms are implemented. 5.4 Data Security Data security aspects are not described in this standard. Requirements from other relevant standards and from regulations and legislations for the specific items and applications are to fulfil. 5.5 Privacy Privacy aspects are not described in this standard. Requirements from other relevant standards and from regulations and legislations for the specific items and applications are to fulfil. Attention is drawn to the RFID Privacy Impact Analysis techniques contained in EN 16571:2014 as amended. SIST EN 17071:2019

EN 17071:2019 (E) 11 5.6 Digital Signature Digital Signatures, respective references to digital signatures, are not required by this standard, but can be used optionally. If digital signatures are used, then this shall not complicate the access of the basic data, and shall be done compliant to relevant ISO standards. NOTE Attention is drawn to ISO/IEC 20248 . 5.7 Reference based Data Access 5.7.1 Data Access Concepts For machine readable identification two concepts are established, both supported by this standard: a) “reference-only data access” concept: only a unique reference to a repository is marked machine readable, and the product data can be accessed via this reference b) “data on item” concept: The most relevant attributes of the item -including unique identification- are marked on the item in machine readable format 5.7.2 Requirements for Reference-Only Data Access The reference shall be conforming to ISO/IEC 15459-4. The reference shall lead to the data required. The reference shall be valid longer than:

the maximum lifetime of the item.

the maximum time some party may have obligations to provide data related to this item. E.g. as part of fiscal audits covering some years of the past.

the maximum time the reference may be needed for some user process, e.g. for checks in customer databases. The data shall be easily accessible for parties with justified interest. 5.8 Unique Identification 5.8.1 Monomorphic and Combined Unique Identification The unique identification of the item shall conform to ISO/IEC 15459-4 that specifies two methods: 1) Unique identification by class of items / combined unique identification: The unique ID comprises a company identification number (CIN) followed by an identifier of the item class and a serial number. In this case the unique identification results from a combination of several data elements. The first data element shall be globally unique, and the other data element(s) shall be unique within the domain of the first data element. 2) Unique identification by company / monomorphic unique ID. The unique ID comprises a company identification number (CIN) followed by a serial number of the individual item. In this case the unique identification is provided by one data element alone, sometimes described as a “monomorphic” data element for unique identification. Furthermore, ISO/IEC 15459-4 specifies 3 methods to encode data in AIDC carriers: GS1 Application Identifiers, ASC MH 10 Data Identifiers and objet identifiers according ISO/IEC 15962. SIST EN 17071:2019

EN 17071:2019 (E) 12 Table 2 shows the unique identification methods for GS1 Application Identifiers, ASC MH 10 Data Identifiers and objet identifiers, and the mapping from object identifiers to application identifiers and data identifiers. Table 2 — Item unique identification methods, with representative AIs, DIs and object identifiers

GS1 Application Identifiers Object identifiers mapping to Application Identifiers ASC MH 10 Data Identifiers Object identifiers mapping to Data Identifiers Unique ID by item class / combined unique ID “01” plus “21” 1 0 15459 4 3 “25P” plus “S” 1 0 15459 4 6 Unique ID by item class / combined unique ID with company

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