Geographic information - Data product specifications (ISO 19131:2022)

This document describes requirements for the specification of geographic data products, based upon the concepts of other International Standards in the ISO 19100 family of standards. It also provides guidance in the creation of data product specifications, so that they can be easily understood and fit for their intended purpose.
This document specifies XML encoding of data product specifications.
This document provides OWL representation of the underlying UML model. See Annex F.
This document is intended for use by data producers, data providers, service providers and potential users of data products.

Geoinformation - Produktspezifikationen für Geodaten (ISO 19131:2022)

Information géographique - Spécifications de contenu informationnel (ISO 19131:2022)

Le présent document décrit les exigences relatives à la spécification de contenu informationnel géographique, en s'appuyant sur les concepts présentés dans les autres Normes internationales de la série de normes ISO 19100. Il fournit également des recommandations en matière de création de spécifications de contenu informationnel, de sorte que ces contenus puissent être compris et utilisés dans le cadre pour lequel ils ont été prévus.
Le présent document spécifie le codage XML des spécifications de contenu informationnel.
Le présent document fournit une représentation OWL du modèle UML sous-jacent. Voir Annexe F.
Le présent document est destiné aux producteurs de données, aux fournisseurs de données, aux prestataires de services et aux utilisateurs potentiels de contenu informationnel.

Geografske informacije - Opredelitev podatkovnih proizvodov (ISO 19131:2022)

Standard ISO 19131:2007 določa zahteve za specifikacijo geografskih podatkovnih izdelkov na podlagi konceptov drugih mednarodnih standardov ISO 19100. Prav tako zagotavlja pomoč pri ustvarjanju specifikacije za podatkovne izdelke za lažje razumevanje in ustreznost z njihovim predvidenim namenom.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
06-Dec-2022
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Start Date
07-Dec-2022
Completion Date
07-Dec-2022

Relations

Buy Standard

Standard
EN ISO 19131:2023
English language
96 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day
Draft
prEN ISO 19131:2022
English language
93 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (Sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023
01-maj-2023
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 19131:2008
SIST EN ISO 19131:2008/A1:2011
Geografske informacije - Opredelitev podatkovnih proizvodov (ISO 19131:2022)
Geographic information - Data product specifications (ISO 19131:2022)
Geoinformation - Produktspezifikationen für Geodaten (ISO 19131:2022)
Information géographique - Spécifications de contenu informationnel (ISO 19131:2022)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 19131:2022
ICS:
07.040 Astronomija. Geodezija. Astronomy. Geodesy.
Geografija Geography
35.240.70 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in science
znanosti
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023

---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023


EN ISO 19131
EUROPEAN STANDARD

NORME EUROPÉENNE

December 2022
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 35.240.70 Supersedes EN ISO 19131:2008,
EN ISO 19131:2008/A1:2011
English Version

Geographic information - Data product specifications (ISO
19131:2022)
Information géographique - Spécifications de contenu Geoinformation - Produktspezifikationen für Geodaten
informationnel (ISO 19131:2022) (ISO 19131:2022)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 27 October 2022.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this
European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references
concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN
member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by
translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management
Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Türkiye and
United Kingdom.





EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIO N

EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUN G

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels
© 2022 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 19131:2022 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023
EN ISO 19131:2022 (E)
Contents Page
European foreword . 3

2

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023
EN ISO 19131:2022 (E)
European foreword
This document (EN ISO 19131:2022) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 211
"Geographic information/Geomatics" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 287
“Geographic Information” the secretariat of which is held by BSI.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an
identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2023, and conflicting national standards shall be
withdrawn at the latest by June 2023.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
This document supersedes EN ISO 19131:2008, EN ISO 19131:2008/A1:2011.
Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards
body/national committee. A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.
According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the
following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,
Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,
Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of
North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Türkiye and the
United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice
The text of ISO 19131:2022 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 19131:2022 without any modification.


3

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19131
Second edition
2022-11
Geographic information — Data
product specifications
Information géographique — Spécifications de contenu
informationnel
Reference number
ISO 19131:2022(E)
© ISO 2022

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023
ISO 19131:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022
All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may
be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on
the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below
or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii
  © ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023
ISO 19131:2022(E)
Contents Page
Foreword .v
Introduction .vii
1 Scope . 1
2 Normative references . 1
3 Terms and definitions . 1
4 Symbols and abbreviated terms.4
4.1 Abbreviated terms . 4
4.2 Unified Modeling Language . 4
4.3 Externally defined classes . 4
5 Conformance . 5
5.1 General . 5
5.2 Content of a data product specification . 5
5.3 XML encoding of a data product specification . 6
6 Requirements for data product specifications . 6
6.1 General . 6
6.2 Structure and content of a data product specification . 8
6.2.1 Data product specifications and data products . 8
6.2.2 Sections . . 8
6.2.3 Specification scopes . 9
6.2.4 Specification overview and description . 9
6.2.5 Dependency on other standards . 9
6.2.6 Requirements . 10
6.2.7 Class DataProductSpecification.12
6.2.8 Class TermEntry .15
6.2.9 Class AbbreviationEntry . 16
6.3 Identification section . 16
6.3.1 Requirements . 16
6.3.2 Class IdentificationSection . 19
6.3.3 Class Purpose . 20
6.3.4 Class UseCase . 21
6.4 Scope section . 22
6.4.1 Requirements . 22
6.4.2 Class ScopeSection. 24
6.4.3 Class SpecificationScope . 25
6.5 Data content and structure section . 26
6.5.1 General . 26
6.5.2 Requirements . 27
6.5.3 Class DataContentAndStructureSection .30
6.5.4 Class DataContentAndStructure . 31
6.6 Reference systems section . 31
6.6.1 Requirements . 31
6.6.2 Class ReferenceSystemSection . 32
6.6.3 Class ReferenceSystem .33
6.7 Data quality section . 33
6.7.1 Requirements .33
6.7.2 Class DataQualitySection .34
6.7.3 Class DataQuality . 35
6.7.4 Class ConformanceQualityLevel . . 35
6.8 Data capture and production section . 35
6.8.1 Requirements . 35
6.8.2 Class DataCaptureAndProductionSection . 37
6.8.3 Class DataCaptureAndProduction . . 37
iii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023
ISO 19131:2022(E)
6.8.4 Class DataAcquisitionAndProcessing .38
6.9 Maintenance section . .39
6.9.1 Requirements .39
6.9.2 Class MaintenanceSection .40
6.9.3 Class Maintenance.40
6.9.4 Class MaintenanceAndUpdateFrequency . 41
6.10 Portrayal section . 41
6.10.1 Requirements . 41
6.10.2 Class PortrayalSection . 42
6.10.3 Class Portrayal . 43
6.11 Delivery section . 43
6.11.1 Requirements . 43
6.11.2 Class DeliverySection . 45
6.11.3 Class Delivery . 45
6.11.4 Class DeliveryFormat .46
6.11.5 Class DeliveryMedium . 47
6.11.6 Class DeliveryService . 47
6.11.7 Class ServiceProperty .48
6.12 Metadata section .48
6.12.1 Requirements .48
6.12.2 Class MetadataSection .50
6.12.3 Class Metadata .50
6.12.4 Class MetadataElement .50
6.13 Additional information section . 51
6.13.1 Requirements . 51
6.13.2 Class AdditionalInformationSection . 52
6.13.3 Class AdditionalInformation . 52
6.14 Recommended layout of a data product specification . 52
7 Requirements for XML encoding .53
Annex A (normative) Abstract test suite .55
Annex B (informative) Backward compatibility .56
Annex C (informative) Documentation of elements in the UML model .59
Annex D (informative) Example of a data product specification (text) .71
Annex E (normative) XML encoding description .82
Annex F (informative) OWL encoding description .84
Bibliography .85
iv
  © ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023
ISO 19131:2022(E)
Foreword
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards
bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out
through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical
committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International
organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.
ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of
electrotechnical standardization.
The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are
described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the
different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the
editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of
any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or
on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).
Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not
constitute an endorsement.
For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and
expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to
the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see
www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 211, Geographic information/Geomatics,
in collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/
TC 287, Geographic Information, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between
ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 19131:2007), which has been technically
revised. It also incorporates ISO 19131:2007/Amd 1:2011.
The main changes are as follows:
— XML encoding has been added;
— mandatory sections working as place holders have been introduced;
— the UML model has been restructured, introducing new/renamed attributes and elements, and
ISO 19115-1 datatypes have been used where possible;
— new attributes and elements have been introduced to separate information in the overview (6.2.7.2).
— in subclause 6.2.7, "Class IdentificationSection,":
— the description and identification of the data product has been clearly separated from the
description and identification of the specification,
— the data type for attribute purpose has been changed to allow explanation of the purpose of the
data product using use cases,
— the attribute extent has been changed to allow specification of temporal and vertical extent, in
addition to the geographical extent, and
v
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023
ISO 19131:2022(E)
— a new attribute restriction has been introduced, used to describe handling restrictions of the
data product;
— in the Scope:
— relations between scopes have been removed (the concept of super- and sub-scopes), and
— a provision has been introduced requiring that at least one of the attributes level, levelName, or
extent be used for each scope;
— the Data content and structure section (6.5) has been restructured using elements from ISO 19115-1;
— in the Reference systems section (6.6), the data type of the attribute temporalReferenceSystem has
been changed;
— in the Data quality section (6.7):
— the requirement to list data quality elements that have no defined quality requirements has
been removed, and
— a new attribute requirementId has been introduced, to be able to reference a specific data quality
requirement in other contexts;
— in the Data capture and production section (6.8), new elements and attributes have been introduced,
to contain information previously located in the attribute dataCaptureStatement;
— in the Maintenance section (6.9), information about maintenance has been made mandatory, and
the data type of the attribute maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency has been changed, with a new
mandatory attribute introduced;
— in the Delivery section (6.11), a new attribute deliveryService has been introduced;
— the Metadata section (6.12) has been restructured and new attributes introduced to specify
the metadata standard and encoding to be used, as well as a possibility to describe how specific
metadata elements should be used;
— a recommended layout has been introduced;
— a detailed overview regarding changes and backwards compatibility can be found in Annex B.
Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A
complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
vi
  © ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023
ISO 19131:2022(E)
Introduction
A data product specification is a specification of a dataset or dataset series together with additional
information that will enable it to be created, supplied to and used by another party. In this context of
creating, supplying and using data products, the specification thereof is of essence in a controlled and
standardized process leading to interoperability. The data product specification is the final product
in a process that describes the conceptual formalization of semantics and data structure related to
specific requirements or use cases. It is a precise and full description of the data product in terms of the
requirements that it will or may fulfil. A data product specification is primarily a technical document
that may contain non-technical elements such as narrative descriptions of some aspects, like the
overview or data capture statements. However, for various reasons compromises can need to be made
in the implementation.
The purpose of this document is to provide requirements on the content of data product specifications,
in conformance with other existing International Standards for geographic information. This
conformance is at different levels. Firstly, there is the aspect of a dataset and its metadata conforming
to a data product specification, and secondly that the data product specification conforms to this
document. Some of the items used to specify the data product in a data product specification can also
be used as metadata for a data product that conforms to the data product specification. Figure 1 shows
how a data product specification relates to datasets and their metadata.
Figure 1 — Relations between this document (ISO 19131), the data product specification and
the datasets
A data product specification may be created and used on different occasions, by different parties and
for different reasons. It may, for example, be used for the original process of collecting data as well as
vii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19131:2023
ISO 19131:2022(E)
for products derived from already existing data. It may be created by producers to specify their product
or by users
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 19131:2022
01-september-2022
Geografske informacije - Opredelitev podatkovnih proizvodov (ISO/FDIS
19131:2022)
Geographic information - Data product specifications (ISO/FDIS 19131:2022)
Geoinformation - Produktspezifikationen für Geodaten (ISO/FDIS 19131:2022)
Information géographique - Spécifications de contenu informationnel (ISO/FDIS
19131:2022)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 19131
ICS:
07.040 Astronomija. Geodezija. Astronomy. Geodesy.
Geografija Geography
35.240.70 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in science
znanosti
oSIST prEN ISO 19131:2022 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 19131:2022

---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 19131:2022
FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 19131
ISO/TC 211
Geographic information — Data
Secretariat: SIS
product specifications
Voting begins on:
2022-08-01
Information géographique — Spécifications de contenu
informationnel
Voting terminates on:
2022-09-26
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/FDIS 19131:2022(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. © ISO 2022

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 19131:2022
ISO/FDIS 19131:2022(E)
FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 19131
ISO/TC 211
Geographic information — Data
Secretariat: SIS
product specifications
Voting begins on:
Information géographique — Spécifications de contenu
informationnel
Voting terminates on:
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may
be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on
the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below
or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
ISO copyright office
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
DOCUMENTATION.
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
Email: copyright@iso.org
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO­
ISO/FDIS 19131:2022(E)
Website: www.iso.org
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
Published in Switzerland
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN­
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
ii
  © ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. © ISO 2022

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 19131:2022
ISO/FDIS 19131:2022(E)
Contents Page
Foreword .v
Introduction .vii
1 Scope . 1
2 Normative references . 1
3 Terms and definitions . 1
4 Symbols and abbreviated terms.4
4.1 Abbreviated terms . 4
4.2 Unified Modeling Language . 4
4.3 Externally defined classes . 4
5 Conformance . 5
5.1 General . 5
5.2 Content of a data product specification . 5
5.3 XML encoding of a data product specification . 6
6 Requirements for data product specifications . 6
6.1 General . 6
6.2 Structure and content of a data product specification . 8
6.2.1 Data product specifications and data products . 8
6.2.2 Sections . . 8
6.2.3 Specification scopes . 9
6.2.4 Specification overview and description . 9
6.2.5 Dependency on other standards . 9
6.2.6 Requirements . 10
6.2.7 Class DataProductSpecification.12
6.2.8 Class TermEntry .15
6.2.9 Class AbbreviationEntry . 16
6.3 Identification section . 16
6.3.1 Requirements . 16
6.3.2 Class IdentificationSection . 19
6.3.3 Class Purpose . 20
6.3.4 Class UseCase . 21
6.4 Scope section . 22
6.4.1 Requirements . 22
6.4.2 Class ScopeSection. 24
6.4.3 Class SpecificationScope . 25
6.5 Data content and structure section . 26
6.5.1 General . 26
6.5.2 Requirements . 27
6.5.3 Class DataContentAndStructureSection .30
6.5.4 Class DataContentAndStructure . 31
6.6 Reference systems section . 31
6.6.1 Requirements . 31
6.6.2 Class ReferenceSystemSection . 32
6.6.3 Class ReferenceSystem .33
6.7 Data quality section . 33
6.7.1 Requirements .33
6.7.2 Class DataQualitySection .34
6.7.3 Class DataQuality . 35
6.7.4 Class ConformanceQualityLevel . . 35
6.8 Data capture and production section . 35
6.8.1 Requirements . 35
6.8.2 Class DataCaptureAndProductionSection . 37
6.8.3 Class DataCaptureAndProduction . . 37
iii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 19131:2022
ISO/FDIS 19131:2022(E)
6.8.4 Class DataAcquisitionAndProcessing .38
6.9 Maintenance section . .39
6.9.1 Requirements .39
6.9.2 Class MaintenanceSection .40
6.9.3 Class Maintenance.40
6.9.4 Class MaintenanceAndUpdateFrequency . 41
6.10 Portrayal section . 41
6.10.1 Requirements . 41
6.10.2 Class PortrayalSection . 42
6.10.3 Class Portrayal . 43
6.11 Delivery section . 43
6.11.1 Requirements . 43
6.11.2 Class DeliverySection . 45
6.11.3 Class Delivery . 45
6.11.4 Class DeliveryFormat .46
6.11.5 Class DeliveryMedium . 47
6.11.6 Class DeliveryService . 47
6.11.7 Class ServiceProperty .48
6.12 Metadata section .48
6.12.1 Requirements .48
6.12.2 Class MetadataSection .50
6.12.3 Class Metadata .50
6.12.4 Class MetadataElement .50
6.13 Additional information section . 51
6.13.1 Requirements . 51
6.13.2 Class AdditionalInformationSection . 52
6.13.3 Class AdditionalInformation . 52
6.14 Recommended layout of a data product specification . 52
7 Requirements for XML encoding .53
Annex A (normative) Abstract test suite .55
Annex B (informative) Backward compatibility .56
Annex C (informative) Documentation of elements in the UML model .59
Annex D (informative) Example of a data product specification (text) .71
Annex E (normative) XML encoding description .82
Annex F (informative) OWL encoding description .84
Bibliography .85
iv
  © ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 19131:2022
ISO/FDIS 19131:2022(E)
Foreword
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards
bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out
through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical
committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International
organizations, governmental and non­governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.
ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of
electrotechnical standardization.
The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are
described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the
different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the
editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of
any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or
on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).
Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not
constitute an endorsement.
For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and
expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the
World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www.iso.org/
iso/foreword.html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 211, Geographic information/Geomatics,
in collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/
TC 287, Geographic Information, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between
ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 19131:2007), which has been technically
revised. It also incorporates ISO 19131:2007/Amd 1:2011.
The main changes are as follows:
— XML encoding has been added;
— mandatory sections working as place holders have been introduced;
— the UML model has been restructured, introducing new/renamed attributes and elements, and
ISO 19115-1 datatypes have been used where possible;
— new attributes and elements have been introduced to separate information in the overview (6.2.7.2).
— in subclause 6.2.7, "Class IdentificationSection,":
— the description and identification of the data product has been clearly separated from the
description and identification of the specification,
— the data type for attribute purpose has been changed to allow explanation of the purpose of the
data product using use cases,
— the attribute extent has been changed to allow specification of temporal and vertical extent, in
addition to the geographical extent; and
v
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 19131:2022
ISO/FDIS 19131:2022(E)
— a new attribute restriction has been introduced, used to describe handling restrictions of the
data product;
— in the Scope:
— relations between scopes have been removed (the concept of super­ and sub­scopes), and
— a requirement has been introduced that at least one of the attributes level, levelName, or extent
shall be used for each scope;
— the Data content and structure section (6.5) has been restructured using elements from ISO 19115­1;
— in the Reference systems section (6.6), the data type of the attribute temporalReferenceSystem has
been changed;
— in the Data quality section (6.7):
— the requirement to list data quality elements that have no defined quality requirements has
been removed, and
— a new attribute requirementId has been introduced, to be able to reference a specific data quality
requirement in other contexts;
— in the Data capture and production section (6.8), new elements and attributes have been introduced,
to contain information previously located in the attribute dataCaptureStatement;
— in the Maintenance section (6.9), information about maintenance has been made mandatory, and
the data type of the attribute maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency has been changed, with a new
mandatory attribute introduced;
— in the Delivery section (6.11), a new attribute deliveryService has been introduced;
— the Metadata section (6.12) has been restructured and new attributes introduced to specify
the metadata standard and encoding to be used, as well as a possibility to describe how specific
metadata elements should be used;
— a recommended layout has been introduced;
— a detailed overview regarding changes and backwards compatibility can be found in Annex B.
Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A
complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
vi
  © ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 19131:2022
ISO/FDIS 19131:2022(E)
Introduction
A data product specification is a specification of a dataset or dataset series together with additional
information that will enable it to be created, supplied to and used by another party. In this context of
creating, supplying and using data products, the specification thereof is of essence in a controlled and
standardized process leading to interoperability. The data product specification is the final product
in a process that describes the conceptual formalization of semantics and data structure related to
specific requirements or use cases. It is a precise and full description of the data product in terms of the
requirements that it will or may fulfil. A data product specification is primarily a technical document
that may contain non-technical elements such as narrative descriptions of some aspects, like the
overview or data capture statements. However, for various reasons compromises can need to be made
in the implementation.
The purpose of this document is to provide requirements on the content of data product specifications,
in conformance with other existing International Standards for geographic information. This
conformance is at different levels. Firstly, there is the aspect of a dataset and its metadata conforming
to a data product specification, and secondly that the data product specification conforms to this
document. Some of the items used to specify the data product in a data product specification can also
be used as metadata for a data product that conforms to the data product specification. Figure 1 shows
how a data product specification relates to datasets and their metadata.
Figure 1 — Relations between this document (ISO 19131), the data product specification and
the datasets
A data product specification may be created and used on different occasions, by different parties and
for different reasons. It may, for example, be used for the original process of collecting data as well as
vii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 19131:2022
ISO/FDIS 19131:2022(E)
for products derived from already existing data. It may be created by producers to specify their product
or by users to state their requirements.
This document describes the content, structure and encoding of a data product specification.
This document contains URIs for normative statements, conformance classes, conformance tests and
requirements classes. Other International Standards are also referenced with URIs. URIs to normative
statements within this document are a combination of the namespace https://standards.isotc211.
org/19131/-/2 and the local identifier. The description of elements in the local identifiers can be found
at https://committee.iso.org/sites/tc211/home/resolutions/isotc­211­good­practices/­­structure­of­
uris­in­isotc­211.html.
The name and contact information of the maintenance agency for this document can be found at www.
iso.org/maintenance_agencies.
viii
  © ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 19131:2022
FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 19131:2022(E)
Geographic information — Data product specifications
1 Scope
This document describes requirements for the specification of geographic data products, based upon
the concepts of other International Standards in the ISO 19100 family of standards. It also provides
guidance in the creation of data product specifications, so that they can be easily understood and fit for
their intended purpose.
This document specifies XML encoding of data product specifications.
This document provides OWL representation of the underlying UML model. See Annex F.
This document is intended for use by data producers, data providers, service providers and potential
users of data products.
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content
constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 639­2, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code
ISO 19103, Geographic information — Conceptual schema language
ISO 19108, Geographic information — Temporal schema
ISO 19115­1, Geographic information — Metadata — Part 1: Fundamentals
ISO 19157, Geographic information — Data quality
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
application
manipulation and processing
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.