Masonry cement - Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria

This document specifies the definition and composition of masonry cements as commonly used in Europe for the production of mortar for bricklaying and blocklaying and for rendering and plastering. It includes physical, mechanical and chemical requirements and defines strength classes. EN 413-1 also states the conformity criteria and the related rules. Necessary durability requirements are also given.
NOTE   For normal applications the information given in EN 413-1, in EN 998-1 and in EN 998-2 is generally sufficient. However, in special cases, an exchange of additional information between the masonry cement producer and user can be helpful. The details of such an exchange are not within the scope of EN 413-1 but should be dealt with in accordance with national standards or other regulations or can be agreed between the parties concerned.

Putz- und Mauerbinder - Teil 1: Zusammensetzung, Anforderungen und Konformitätskriterien

Dieses Dokument legt die Definition und die Zusammensetzung von Putz- und Mauerbindern, die üblicherweise in Europa für Putz- und Mauerarbeiten verwendet werden, fest. Sie enthält physikalische, mechanische und chemische Anforderungen und definiert Festigkeitsklassen. Darüber hinaus enthält EN 413-1 die Konformitätskriterien und die damit verbundenen Regeln sowie notwendige Anforderungen an die Dauerhaftigkeit.
ANMERKUNG   In der Regel sind die in EN 413-1, EN 998-1 und EN 998-2 enthaltenen Angaben für die übliche Anwendung ausreichend. In besonderen Fällen kann jedoch ein Austausch von zusätzlichen Informationen zwischen dem Hersteller von Putz- und Mauerbindern und dem Abnehmer hilfreich sein. Die Einzelheiten eines solchen Informationsaustauschs sind nicht Gegenstand von EN 413-1; sie sollten in Übereinstimmung mit nationalen Normen oder mit anderen Regelungen festgelegt werden oder können zwischen den betreffenden Parteien vereinbart werden.

Ciment à maçonner - Partie 1 : Composition, spécifications et critères de conformité

La présente Norme européenne spécifie la définition et la composition des ciments à maçonner généralement utilisés en Europe pour la production de mortier destiné au montage de briques et de blocs, ainsi qu’aux enduits intérieurs et extérieurs. Elle inclut les exigences relatives à leurs propriétés physiques, mécaniques et chimiques, et définit les classes de résistance. L’EN 413-1 stipule également les critères de conformité et les règles associées. Elle donne également les exigences de durabilité nécessaires.
NOTE   Pour des applications normales, les informations données dans l’EN 413-1, l’EN 998-1 et l’EN 998-2 sont généralement suffisantes. Toutefois, dans des cas spéciaux, un échange d’informations supplémentaires entre le producteur de ciment à maçonner et l’utilisateur peut se révéler utile. Les détails d’un tel échange ne relèvent pas du domaine d’application de l’EN 413-1, mais il convient de les traiter conformément aux normes nationales ou autres règlements nationaux ; ils peuvent également faire l’objet d’un accord entre les parties concernées.

Zidarski cement - 1. del: Sestava, zahteve in merila skladnosti

General Information

Status
Not Published
Current Stage
4098 - Decision to abandon - Enquiry
Completion Date
11-Feb-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 413-1:2018
01-oktober-2018
Zidarski cement - 1. del: Sestava, zahteve in merila skladnosti
Masonry cement - Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria
Putz- und Mauerbinder - Teil 1: Zusammensetzung, Anforderungen und
Konformitätskriterien

Ciment à maçonner - Partie 1 : Composition, spécifications et critères de conformité

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 413-1
ICS:
91.100.10 Cement. Mavec. Apno. Malta Cement. Gypsum. Lime.
Mortar
oSIST prEN 413-1:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 413-1:2018
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oSIST prEN 413-1:2018
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 413-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
July 2018
ICS 91.100.10 Will supersede EN 413-1:2011
English Version
Masonry cement - Part 1: Composition, specifications and
conformity criteria

Ciment à maçonner - Partie 1 : Composition, Putz- und Mauerbinder - Teil 1: Zusammensetzung,

spécifications et critères de conformité Anforderungen und Konformitätskriterien

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 51.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 413-1:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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oSIST prEN 413-1:2018
prEN 413-1:2018 (E)
Contents page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Notation .............................................................................................................................................................. 8

5 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.2 Constituents and composition .................................................................................................................... 8

5.3 Physical and mechanical requirements .................................................................................................. 9

5.3.1 Fineness (sieve residue) ............................................................................................................................... 9

5.3.2 Initial setting time ........................................................................................................................................... 9

5.3.3 Final setting time ............................................................................................................................................. 9

5.3.4 Soundness .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.3.5 Fresh mortar requirements ........................................................................................................................ 9

5.3.6 Compressive strength ................................................................................................................................. 10

5.4 Chemical requirements .............................................................................................................................. 10

5.5 Durability requirements ........................................................................................................................... 11

6 Standard designation .................................................................................................................................. 11

7 Conformity criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 11

7.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 11

7.2 Conformity criteria for physical, mechanical and chemical properties and

evaluation procedure ................................................................................................................................. 12

7.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12

7.2.2 Statistical conformity criteria .................................................................................................................. 12

7.2.3 Single result conformity criteria ............................................................................................................ 16

7.3 Conformity criteria for masonry cement composition ................................................................... 18

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship of this European Standard with Regulation (EU)

No. 305/2011 ................................................................................................................................................. 19

ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics ........................................................................................................ 19

ZA.2 System of Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance (AVCP) ...................... 21

ZA.3 Assignment of AVCP tasks ......................................................................................................................... 21

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 23

Tables

Table 1 — Composition of masonry cements ...................................................................................................... 9

Table 2 — Fresh mortar requirements given as characteristic values ................................................... 10

Table 3 — Compressive strength requirements given as characteristic values .................................. 10

Table 4 — Chemical requirements given as characteristic values ........................................................... 11

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oSIST prEN 413-1:2018
prEN 413-1:2018 (E)
Table 5 — Properties, test methods and minimum testing frequencies for the
autocontrol testing by the manufacturer, and the statistical assessment

procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 12

Table 6 — Required values of P and CR ............................................................................................................ 14

Table 7 — Acceptability constant ......................................................................................................................... 15

Table 8 — Values of c ............................................................................................................................................... 16

Table 9 — Limit values for single results ........................................................................................................... 16

Table ZA.1 — Relevant clauses for product Masonry cement and intended use:
Preparation of mortar for bricklaying and blocklaying and rendering and

plastering ........................................................................................................................................................ 19

Table ZA.3 — Assignment of AVCP tasks for Masonry cements under system 1+ .............................. 22

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oSIST prEN 413-1:2018
prEN 413-1:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (prEN 413-1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 51

“Cement and building limes”, the secretariat of which is held by NBN.
This document will supersede EN 413-1:2011.
The European standard, EN 413, Masonry cement, consists of the following parts:
— Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria;
— Part 2: Test methods.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU

Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

EN 413-1 has been prepared to provide a range of materials from which users of EN 998-1,

EN 998-2 and EN 1996-1-1 (Eurocode 6) can select with confidence to achieve the level of

strength and durability required of masonry and rendering.
The main changes from EN 413-1:2011 are as follows:

— a new Annex ZA addressing the provisions of the EU Construction Products Regulation (EU)

No: 305/2011.
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oSIST prEN 413-1:2018
prEN 413-1:2018 (E)
Introduction

Masonry cement should be defined and specified precisely with sufficiently stringent

requirements to satisfy those who are responsible for the design and construction of buildings

and other structures for maximum safety and durability.

This European standard is a carefully balanced document that has been thoroughly discussed,

taking into account the need to provide clear definitions and specifications and to arrive at a

usable standard.

The requirements of this European standard are, where appropriate, based on the results from

tests on masonry cement in accordance with EN 196 Methods of testing cement. Strength is

measured on a standard mortar prepared in accordance with EN 196-1 with a fixed

water/cement ratio and compacted using the equipment described in EN 196-1. However, some

additional tests have been found necessary and these tests are described in EN 413-2.

CEN/TC 51 recognizes the importance of workability (cohesivity at standard consistence) of

mortars prepared from masonry cements. A test method is available in CR 13933, and in which

results of a test programme are also given. This test method was not found valid for standard

requirement purposes due to its lack of reproducibility, however it provides valuable

information for the manufacturers and users on the property in use of masonry cements.

The properties of bond and durability (resistance to frost and/or chemical attack) of mortars

are very important and appropriate mortar tests are being developed by CEN/TC 125, Masonry.

In many applications, particularly in severe environmental conditions, the choice of the

type/class of masonry cement from EN 413-1 can influence the durability of mortar, e.g. in

respect of frost and chemical resistance.
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oSIST prEN 413-1:2018
prEN 413-1:2018 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies the definition and composition of masonry cements as commonly used

in Europe for the production of mortar for bricklaying and blocklaying and for rendering and

plastering. It includes physical, mechanical and chemical requirements and defines strength

classes. EN 413-1 also states the conformity criteria and the related rules. Necessary durability

requirements are also given.

NOTE For normal applications the information given in EN 413-1, in EN 998-1 and in EN 998-2 is

generally sufficient. However, in special cases, an exchange of additional information between the

masonry cement producer and user can be helpful. The details of such an exchange are not within the

scope of EN 413-1 but should be dealt with in accordance with national standards or other regulations or

can be agreed between the parties concerned.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their

content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited

applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any

amendments) applies.
EN 196-1, Methods of testing cement — Part 1: Determination of strength
EN 196-2, Method of testing cement — Part 2: Chemical analysis of cement

EN 196-3, Methods of testing cement — Part 3: Determination of setting times and soundness

EN 196-6, Methods of testing cement — Part 6: Determination of fineness

EN 196-7, Methods of testing cement — Part 7: Methods of taking and preparing samples of

cement

EN 197-1, Cement — Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for common

cements
EN 413-2, Masonry cement — Part 2: Test methods

EN 459-1, Building lime — Part 1: Definitions, specifications and conformity criteria

EN 12878, Pigments for the colouring of building materials based on cement and/or lime —

Specifications and methods of test
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
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oSIST prEN 413-1:2018
prEN 413-1:2018 (E)
3.1
masonry cement

factory made finely powdered hydraulic binder which relies essentially upon the presence of

Portland cement clinker to develop strength

Note to entry1: When mixed with sand and water only and without the addition of further materials it

produces a workable mortar suitable for use in rendering, plastering and masonry work.

3.2
additives

constituents which are added to improve the manufacture or the properties of the masonry

cement, e.g. grinding aids, air-entraining agents
3.3
autocontrol testing

continual testing by the manufacturer, of masonry cement spot samples taken at the point(s) of

release from the factory/depot
3.4
control period

period of production and despatch identified for the evaluation of the autocontrol test results

3.5
characteristic value

value of a required property outside of which lies a specified percentage, the percentile P , of all

the values of the population
3.6
specified characteristic value

characteristic value of a mechanical, physical or chemical property which in the case of an upper

limit is not to be exceeded or, in the case of a lower limit is, as a minimum, to be reached

3.7
single result limit value

value of a mechanical, physical or chemical property which, for any single test result as in the

case of an upper limit is not to be exceeded or, in the case of a lower limit is, as a minimum, to be

reached
3.8
allowable probability of acceptance CR

for a given sampling plan, the allowed probability of acceptance of masonry cement with a

characteristic value outside the specified characteristic value
3.9
sampling plan

specific plan which states the (statistical) sample size(s) to be used, the percentile P and the

allowable probability of acceptance CR
3.10
spot sample

sample taken at the same time and from one and the same place, relating to the intended tests

Note to entry 1: It can be obtained by combining one or more immediately consecutive increments (see

EN 196-7).
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oSIST prEN 413-1:2018
prEN 413-1:2018 (E)
4 Notation
Masonry cement is designated by the term 'MC'.
There are three strength classes of masonry cement, 5, 12,5 and 22,5.

The term 'X' designates masonry cements in which an air entraining agent is not incorporated.

5 Requirements
5.1 General

The physical, mechanical and chemical properties of masonry cements shall be measured by the

test methods described in EN 413-2 and in the relevant parts of EN 196. These European

standards give alternative test methods for some properties but in the event of a dispute only

the reference methods shall be used. Where allowed in the relevant part of EN 196, different

methods may be used provided they give correlated and equivalent values to those obtained

using the reference method.

The CEN standard sand (see EN 196-1) used to make the mortars for the tests required by 5.3.5

and 5.3.6 shall have a silica content (as quartz) of not less than 93 %.

NOTE EN 196-1 permits the use of CEN standard sands that have been assessed against the CEN

reference sand in respect of their strength characteristics. According to this standard the CEN standard

sand is used in mortar for tests other than that for strength. These tests have only been evaluated using

CEN standard sand based essentially on silica.

All requirements are specified as characteristic values. They serve to define the performance

level and classification of the masonry cements.
5.2 Constituents and composition

Masonry cement shall comprise Portland cement clinker, inorganic constituents and where

appropriate additive(s) as given in Table 1. Calcium sulfate is added in small quantities to the

other constituents of masonry cement during its manufacture to control setting.

The inorganic constituents of masonry cements conforming to EN 413-1 shall be materials

selected from:
— natural mineral materials;
— mineral materials used for or derived from the clinker production process;
— hydrated and/or hydraulic building limes conforming to EN 459-1;
— constituents specified in EN 197-1;

— inorganic pigments (except those containing carbon black) conforming to EN 12878.

NOTE Carbon black has a detrimental effect upon the air entrainment.

Additives shall not promote corrosion of embedded metal such as reinforcement and wall ties

or impair the properties, including behaviour in fire, of the mortar made from the masonry

cement. Organic pigments are not permitted.
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oSIST prEN 413-1:2018
prEN 413-1:2018 (E)
Table 1 — Composition of masonry cements
Type Content
% by mass
Portland cement clinker Additives
MC 5 ≥ 25 ≤ 1
MC 12,5; MC 12,5 X ≥ 40
MC 22,5; MC 22,5 X

The quantity of organic additives on a dry basis shall not exceed 0,5 % by mass of the

masonry cement.

The manufacturing process and its control shall ensure that the composition of masonry cement

is kept within the limits fixed in EN 413-1. Masonry cements consist ultimately of individual

small grains of different materials and are statistically homogeneous in composition resulting

from quality ensured production and material handling processes.
A high degree of uniformi
...

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