Primary batteries - Part 1: General

IEC 60086-1:2021 is available as IEC 60086-1:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60086-1:2021 is intended to standardize primary batteries with respect to dimensions, nomenclature, terminal configurations, markings, test methods, typical performance, safety and environmental aspects. This document on one side specifies requirements for primary cells and batteries. On the other side, this document also specifies procedures of how requirements for these batteries are to be standardised. As a classification tool for primary batteries, this document specifies system letters, electrodes, electrolytes, and nominal as well as maximum open circuit voltage of electrochemical systems. The object of this part of IEC 60086 is to benefit primary battery users, device designers and battery manufacturers by ensuring that batteries from different manufacturers are interchangeable according to standard form, fit and function. Furthermore, to ensure compliance with the above, this part specifies standard test methods for testing primary cells and batteries.

Piles électriques - Partie 1: Généralités

IEC 60086-1:2021 est disponible sous forme de IEC 60086-1:2021 RLV qui contient la Norme internationale et sa version Redline, illustrant les modifications du contenu technique depuis l'édition précédente.L’IEC 60086-1:2021 est destinée à normaliser les piles électriques en ce qui concerne les dimensions, la nomenclature, les configurations des bornes, les marquages, les méthodes d’essai, les caractéristiques types de fonctionnement, la sécurité et les aspects environnementaux. Le présent document spécifie d’une part les exigences pour les piles électriques. D’autre part, le présent document spécifie également des procédures de normalisation des exigences relatives à ces piles. En tant qu’outil de classification des piles électriques, le présent document spécifie les lettres des systèmes, les électrodes, les électrolytes et les tensions nominales, ainsi que maximales en circuit ouvert des systèmes électrochimiques. L’objectif de la présente partie de l’IEC 60086 est d’assurer aux utilisateurs, aux concepteurs de dispositifs et aux fabricants de piles que les piles de différents fabricants sont interchangeables par leur forme, leur montage et leur fonction. De plus, pour assurer la conformité à ce qui précède, la présente partie spécifie des méthodes d’essai normalisées pour les piles électriques.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
26-Apr-2021
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
27-Apr-2021
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IEC 60086-1
Edition 13.0 2021-04
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Primary batteries –
Part 1: General
Piles electriques –
Partie 1: Généralités
IEC 60086-1:2021-04(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 60086-1
Edition 13.0 2021-04
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Primary batteries –
Part 1: General
Piles electriques –
Partie 1: Généralités
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 29.220.10 ISBN 978-2-8322-9672-1

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 60086-1:2021 © IEC 2021
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 8

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 8

4 Requirements ................................................................................................................ 11

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.1 Design ........................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2 Battery dimensions ........................................................................................ 11

4.1.3 Terminals ...................................................................................................... 11

4.1.4 Classification (electrochemical system) ......................................................... 13

4.1.5 Designation ................................................................................................... 14

4.1.6 Marking ......................................................................................................... 14

4.1.7 Interchangeability: battery voltage ................................................................. 15

4.2 Performance ......................................................................................................... 16

4.2.1 Discharge performance .................................................................................. 16

4.2.2 Dimensional stability ...................................................................................... 16

4.2.3 Leakage ........................................................................................................ 16

4.2.4 Open-circuit voltage limits ............................................................................. 16

4.2.5 Service output ............................................................................................... 16

4.2.6 Safety ............................................................................................................ 16

4.2.7 Validity of testing ........................................................................................... 17

5 Performance – Testing .................................................................................................. 17

5.1 Capacity testing versus application and service output testing .............................. 17

5.2 Discharge testing .................................................................................................. 17

5.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 17

5.2.2 Application tests ............................................................................................ 18

5.2.3 Service output tests ....................................................................................... 18

5.3 Conformance check to a specified minimum average duration .............................. 19

5.4 Guidance for considering proposed value of minimum average duration ............... 19

5.5 OCV testing .......................................................................................................... 19

5.6 Insulation resistance ............................................................................................. 19

5.7 Battery dimensions ............................................................................................... 19

5.8 Leakage and deformation ...................................................................................... 19

6 Performance – Test conditions ...................................................................................... 20

6.1 Storage and discharge conditions ......................................................................... 20

6.2 Commencement of discharge tests after storage ................................................... 20

6.3 Discharge test conditions ...................................................................................... 20

6.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 20

6.3.2 Compliance ................................................................................................... 20

6.4 Load resistance .................................................................................................... 21

6.5 Time periods ......................................................................................................... 21

6.6 Test condition tolerances ...................................................................................... 21

6.7 Activation of ‘P’-system batteries .......................................................................... 21

6.8 Measuring equipment ............................................................................................ 22

6.8.1 Voltage measurement .................................................................................... 22

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IEC 60086-1:2021 © IEC 2021 – 3 –

6.8.2 Mechanical measurement .............................................................................. 22

7 Sampling and quality assurance .................................................................................... 22

8 Battery packaging .......................................................................................................... 22

Annex A (normative) Criteria for the standardization of batteries .......................................... 23

Annex B (informative) Recommendations for equipment design ........................................... 24

B.1 Technical liaison ................................................................................................... 24

B.2 Battery compartment ............................................................................................. 24

B.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 24

B.2.2 Limiting access by children ............................................................................ 25

B.3 Voltage cut-off ...................................................................................................... 25

Annex C (normative) Designation system (nomenclature) .................................................... 26

C.1 General ................................................................................................................. 26

C.2 Designation system in use up to October 1990...................................................... 26

C.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 26

C.2.2 Cells .............................................................................................................. 26

C.2.3 Electrochemical system ................................................................................. 28

C.2.4 Batteries ........................................................................................................ 28

C.2.5 Modifiers ....................................................................................................... 29

C.2.6 Examples....................................................................................................... 29

C.3 Designation system in use since October 1990 ..................................................... 29

C.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 29

C.3.2 Round batteries ............................................................................................. 29

C.3.3 Non-round batteries ....................................................................................... 33

C.3.4 Ambiguity ...................................................................................................... 36

Annex D (informative) Standard discharge voltage U – Definition and method of

determination ........................................................................................................................ 38

D.1 Definition .............................................................................................................. 38

D.2 Determination ....................................................................................................... 38

D.2.1 General considerations: the C/R-plot .............................................................. 38

D.2.2 Determination of the standard discharge resistor R ...................................... 39

D.2.3 Determination of the standard discharge capacity C and standard

discharge time t ........................................................................................... 40

D.3 Experimental conditions to be observed and test results ....................................... 41

Annex E (informative) Preparation of standard methods of measuring performance

(SMMP) of consumer goods .................................................................................................. 42

E.1 General ................................................................................................................. 42

E.2 Performance characteristics .................................................................................. 42

E.3 Criteria for the development of test methods ......................................................... 42

Annex F (informative) Guidance for proposing value of minimum average duration .............. 43

F.1 General ................................................................................................................. 43

F.2 Sampling............................................................................................................... 43

F.3 Calculation method ............................................................................................... 43

Annex G (normative) Code of practice for packaging, shipment, storage, use and

disposal of primary batteries ................................................................................................. 44

G.1 General ................................................................................................................. 44

G.2 Packaging ............................................................................................................. 44

G.3 Transport and handling ......................................................................................... 44

G.4 Storage and stock rotation .................................................................................... 44

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– 4 – IEC 60086-1:2021 © IEC 2021

G.5 Displays at sales points ........................................................................................ 45

G.6 Selection, use and disposal .................................................................................. 45

G.6.1 Purchase ....................................................................................................... 45

G.6.2 Installation ..................................................................................................... 45

G.6.3 Use ................................................................................................................ 45

G.6.4 Replacement ................................................................................................. 46

G.6.5 Disposal ........................................................................................................ 46

Annex H (informative) Compliance checklist ........................................................................ 47

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 48

Figure C.1 – Designation system for round batteries: d < 100 mm;

height h < 100 mm .............................................................................................................. 30

Figure C.2 – Diameter code for non-recommended diameters ............................................... 31

Figure C.3 – Height code for denoting the hundredths of a millimetre of height ..................... 32

Figure C.4 – Designation system for round batteries: d ≥ 100 mm; height h ≥ 100 mm ...... 33

1 1

Figure C.5 – Designation system for non-round batteries, dimensions < 100 mm .................. 34

Figure C.6 – Designation system for non-round batteries, dimensions ≥ 100 mm .................. 35

Figure C.7 – Height code for discrimination per tenth of a millimetre ..................................... 35

Figure D.1 – Normalized C/R-plot (schematic) ....................................................................... 39

Figure D.2 – Standard discharge voltage (schematic) ........................................................... 40

Table 1 – Standardized electrochemical systems .................................................................. 13

Table 2 – Marking requirements ............................................................................................ 15

Table 3 – Conditions for storage before and during discharge testing ................................... 20

Table 4 – Resistive loads for tests ........................................................................................ 21

Table 5 – Time periods for tests ............................................................................................ 21

Table 6 – Test condition tolerances ...................................................................................... 21

Table A.1 – Items necessary to standardize .......................................................................... 23

Table C.1 – Physical designation and dimensions of round cells and batteries ...................... 27

Table C.2 – Physical designation and nominal overall dimensions of flat cells ...................... 28

Table C.3 – Physical designation and dimensions of square cells and batteries .................... 28

Table C.4 – Diameter code for recommended diameter ......................................................... 31

Table C.5 – Physical designation and dimensions of round cells and batteries

based on Clause C.2 ............................................................................................................ 36

Table C.6 – Physical designation and dimensions of non-round batteries

based on Clause C.2 ............................................................................................................ 37

Table D.1 – Standard discharge voltage by system ............................................................... 41

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 60086-1:2021 © IEC 2021 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
PRIMARY BATTERIES –
Part 1: General
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote international

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Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by agreement between the two organizations.

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rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 60086-1 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 35: Primary

cells and batteries.

This thirteenth edition cancels and replaces the twelfth edition published in 2015. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:
a) a compliance checklist was added as an Annex H;
b) definitions were harmonized with the other 60086 series documents;

c) the nominal voltage of the zinc air system is now listed as either 1,4 V or 1,45 V;

d) Annex F for calculation of MAD values was simplified;
e) a validity period for testing was added;
f) the accelerated aging test at 45 °C was changed from 13 to 4 weeks;
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 60086-1:2021 © IEC 2021
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
35/1465/FDIS 35/1469/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in the

report on voting indicated in the above table.
The language used for the development of this International Standard is English.

This document was drafted in accordance with ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2, and developed in

accordance with ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1 and ISO/IEC Directives, IEC Supplement, available

at www.iec.ch/members_experts/refdocs. The main document types developed by IEC are

described in greater detail at www.iec.ch/standardsdev/publications.

A list of all parts in the IEC 60086 series, under the general title Primary batteries, can be found

on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC 60086-1:2021 © IEC 2021 – 7 –
INTRODUCTION

The technical content of this part of IEC 60086 provides fundamental requirements and

information on primary cells and batteries. All batteries within the IEC 60086 series are

considered dry cell batteries. In this sense, IEC 60086-1 is the main component of the

IEC 60086 series and forms the basis for the subsequent parts. For example, this part includes

elementary information on definitions, nomenclature, dimensions and marking. While specific

requirements are included, the content of this part tends to explain methodology (how) and

justification (why).

Over the years, this part has been changed to improve its content and remains under continual

scrutiny to ensure that the publication is kept up to date with the advances in both battery and

battery-powered device technologies.

Safety requirements and recommendations are available in IEC 60086-4, IEC 60086-5 and

IEC 62281. Specifications are available in IEC 60086-2 and IEC 60086-3. Environmental

aspects are dealt with in IEC 60086-6.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC 60086-1:2021 © IEC 2021
PRIMARY BATTERIES –
Part 1: General
1 Scope

This part of IEC 60086 is intended to standardize primary batteries with respect to dimensions,

nomenclature, terminal configurations, markings, test methods, typical performance, safety and

environmental aspects.

This document on one side specifies requirements for primary cells and batteries. On the other

side, this document also specifies procedures of how requirements for these batteries are to be

standardised.

As a classification tool for primary batteries, this document specifies system letters, electrodes,

electrolytes, and nominal as well as maximum open circuit voltage of electrochemical systems.

The object of this part of IEC 60086 is to benefit primary battery users, device designers and

battery manufacturers by ensuring that batteries from different manufacturers are

interchangeable according to standard form, fit and function. Furthermore, to ensure

compliance with the above, this part specifies standard test methods for testing primary cells

and batteries.

This document also contains requirements in Annex A justifying the inclusion or the ongoing

retention of batteries in the IEC 60086 series.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies.

For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any

amendments) applies.

IEC 60086-2:2015, Primary batteries – Part 2: Physical and electrical specifications

IEC 60086-3, Primary batteries – Part 3: Watch batteries
IEC 60086-4, Primary batteries – Part 4: Safety of lithium batteries

IEC 60086-5, Primary batteries – Part 5: Safety of batteries with aqueous electrolyte

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso
...

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