Information technology — Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information — Part 1: Systems

This Recommendation | International Standard specifies the system layer of the coding. It was developed principally to support the combination of the video and audio coding methods defined in Parts 2 and 3 of ISO/IEC 13818. The system layer supports six basic functions: 1) the synchronization of multiple compressed streams on decoding; 2) the interleaving of multiple compressed streams into a single stream; 3) the initialization of buffering for decoding start up; 4) continuous buffer management; 5) time identification; 6) multiplexing and signalling of various components in a system stream. A Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1 multiplexed bit stream is either a transport stream or a program stream. Both streams are constructed from PES packets and packets containing other necessary information. Both stream types support multiplexing of video and audio compressed streams from one program with a common time base. The transport stream additionally supports the multiplexing of video and audio compressed streams from multiple programs with independent time bases. For almost error-free environments the program stream is generally more appropriate, supporting software processing of program information. The transport stream is more suitable for use in environments where errors are likely. A Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1 multiplexed bit stream, whether a transport stream or a program stream, is constructed in two layers: the outermost layer is the system layer, and the innermost is the compression layer. The system layer provides the functions necessary for using one or more compressed data streams in a system. The video and audio parts of this Specification define the compression coding layer for audio and video data. Coding of other types of data is not defined by this Specification, but is supported by the system layer provided that the other types of data adhere to the constraints defined in 2.7.

Technologies de l'information — Codage générique des images animées et du son associé — Partie 1: Systèmes

Informacijska tehnologija - Splošno kodiranje gibljivih slik in pripadajočih zvočnih informacij - 1. del: Sistemi

Ta dokument določa sistemsko plast kodiranja. Razvit je bil predvsem za podporo kombinacije metod kodiranja videa in avdia, opredeljenih v delih 2 in 3 standarda ISO/IEC 13818. Sistemska plast podpira šest osnovnih funkcij: 1) sinhronizacijo več stisnjenih pretokov ob dekodiranju; 2) prepletanje več stisnjenih pretokov v en pretok; 3) inicializacijo shranjevanja v medpomnilnik za zagon dekodiranja; 4) stalno upravljanje medpomnilnika; 5) časovno identifikacijo; 6) multipleksiranje in signaliziranje različnih komponent v sistemskem pretoku. A Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1: multipleksirani bitni pretok je bodisi transportni pretok ali programski pretok. Oba pretoka sta konstruirana iz paketov programirljivih elektronskih sistemov (PES) in paketov, ki vsebujejo druge potrebne informacije. Obe vrsti pretoka podpirata multipleksiranje stisnjenih pretokov avdia in videa iz enega programa s skupno časovno osnovo. Transportni pretok dodatno podpira multipleksiranje stisnjenih pretokov avdia in videa iz več programov z neodvisnimi časovnimi osnovami. Za okolja skoraj brez napak je na splošno ustreznejši programski pretok, ki podpira obdelavo programskih informacij s programsko opremo. Transportni pretok je primernejši za uporabo v okoljih, kjer so verjetne napake. A Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1: multipleksirani bitni pretok, bodisi transportni pretok ali programski pretok, je konstruiran iz dveh plasti: skrajno zunanja plast je sistemska plast in skrajno notranja plast je stisljiva plast. Sistemska plast zagotavlja funkcije, potrebne za uporabo enega ali več stisnjenih podatkovnih pretokov v sistemu. Deli za avdio in video v tej specifikaciji določajo stisljivo kodirno plast za avdio in video podatke. Ta specifikacija ne določa kodiranja drugih vrst podatkov, vendar ga sistemska plast podpira, če so druge vrste podatkov skladne z omejitvami, opredeljenimi v točki 2.7.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
26-May-2019
Current Stage
9599 - Withdrawal of International Standard
Completion Date
30-Sep-2022

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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 13818-1
Seventh edition
2019-06
Information technology — Generic
coding of moving pictures and
associated audio information —
Part 1:
Systems
Technologies de l'information — Codage générique des images
animées et du son associé —
Partie 1: Systèmes
Reference number
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
ISO/IEC 2019
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity.

ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of document should be noted (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details

of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions

related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the World Trade

Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT),
see www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by ITU-T as Rec. ITU-T H.220.0 (03/2017) and drafted in accordance with

its editorial rules. It was assigned to Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information

technology, Subcommittee SC 29, Coding of audio, picture, multimedia and hypermedia information.

This seventh edition cancels and replaces the sixth edition (ISO/IEC 13818-1:2018), which has

been technically revised. It also incorporates ISO/IEC 13818-1:2018/Amd.1:2018.
A list of all parts in the ISO/IEC 13818 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 13818-1
RECOMMENDATION ITU-T H.222.0
Information technology – Generic coding of moving pictures and associated
audio information: Systems
Summary

This Recommendation | International Standard specifies the system layer of the coding. It was developed in 1994 to

principally support the combination and synchronization of video and audio coding methods defined in ISO/IEC 13818

Part 2 (ITU-T H.262) and Part 3. Since 1994, this standard has been extended to support additional video coding

specifications (e.g., ISO/IEC 14496-2, ITU-T H.264 | ISO/IEC 14496-10, ITU-T H.265 | ISO/IEC 23008-2 and

ITU-T T.800 | ISO/IEC 15444-1 Annex M JPEG 2000 video), audio coding specifications (e.g., ISO/IEC 13818-7 and

ISO/IEC 14496-3), system streams (e.g., ISO/IEC 14496-1 and ISO/IEC 15938-1), ISO/IEC 23009-1 dynamic adaptive

streaming over HTTP (DASH), ISO/IEC 13818-11 intellectual property management and protection (IPMP) as well as

generic metadata. The system layer supports six basic functions:
1) the synchronization of multiple compressed streams on decoding;
2) the interleaving of multiple compressed streams into a single stream;
3) the initialization of buffering for decoding start up;
4) continuous buffer management;
5) time identification; and
6) multiplexing and signalling of various components in a system stream.

Recommendation ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1 multiplexed bit stream is either a transport stream or a program

stream. Both streams are constructed from packetized elementary stream (PES) packets and packets containing other

necessary information. Both stream types support multiplexing of video and audio compressed streams from one program

with a common time base. The transport stream additionally supports the multiplexing of video and audio compressed

streams from multiple programs with independent time bases. For almost error-free environments the program stream is

generally more appropriate, supporting software processing of program information. The transport stream is more suitable

for use in environments where errors are likely.

Recommendation ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1 multiplexed bit stream, whether a transport stream or a program

stream, is constructed in two layers: the outermost layer is the system layer, and the innermost is the compression layer.

The system layer provides the functions necessary for using one or more compressed data streams in a system. The video

and audio parts of this Specification define the compression coding layer for audio and video data. Coding of other types

of data is not defined by this Recommendation | International Standard, but is supported by the system layer provided that

the other types of data adhere to the constraints defined in this Recommendation | International Standard.

History
Edition Recommendation Approval Study Group Unique ID
1.0 ITU-T H.222.0 1995-07-10 15 11.1002/1000/1071
1.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 1 1996-11-11 16 11.1002/1000/3834
1.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 2 1996-11-11 16 11.1002/1000/4096
1.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Technical Cor. 1 1998-02-06 16 11.1002/1000/4532
1.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 3 1998-02-06 16 11.1002/1000/4228
1.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 4 1998-02-06 16 11.1002/1000/4229
1.6 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 5 1999-05-27 16 11.1002/1000/4498
1.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 6 1999-05-27 16 11.1002/1000/4671
2.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2000-02-17 16 11.1002/1000/5142
2.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 1 2001-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/5419
2.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 2 2002-03-29 16 11.1002/1000/5675
____________________

To access the Recommendation, type the URL http://handle.itu.int/ in the address field of your web browser, followed by the

Recommendation's unique ID. For example, http://handle.itu.int/11.1002/1000/11830-en.

© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2018) i
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
2.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 1 2002-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/6190
2.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 1/Cor. 1 2003-06-29 16 11.1002/1000/6449
2.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 2 2003-06-29 16 11.1002/1000/6363
2.6 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 3 2004-03-15 16 11.1002/1000/7208
2.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 3 2005-01-08 16 11.1002/1000/7435
2.8 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 4 2005-01-08 16 11.1002/1000/7436
2.9 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 5 2005-01-08 16 11.1002/1000/7437
2.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 4 2005-09-13 16 11.1002/1000/8560
3.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2006-05-29 16 11.1002/1000/8802
3.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 1 2007-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/9024
3.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 2 2007-08-29 16 11.1002/1000/9214
3.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 1 2008-06-13 16 11.1002/1000/9471
3.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 2 2009-03-16 16 11.1002/1000/9692
3.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 3 2009-03-16 16 11.1002/1000/9691
3.6 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 3 2009-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/10621
3.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 4 2009-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/10622
3.8 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 4 2009-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/10623
3.9 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 5 2011-05-14 16 11.1002/1000/11287
3.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 6 2011-05-14 16 11.1002/1000/11288
4.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2012-06-29 16 11.1002/1000/11655
4.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 1 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12054
4.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 2 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12055
4.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 3 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12056
4.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 4 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12057
4.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 5 2014-10-14 16 11.1002/1000/12306
5.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2014-10-14 16 11.1002/1000/12359
5.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 1 2015-04-29 16 11.1002/1000/12452
5.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 1 Cor. 1 2015-11-29 16 11.1002/1000/12625
5.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 2 2015-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/12632
5.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 3 2015-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/12633
5.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 1 Cor. 2 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12899
5.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Cor. 1 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12903
5.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 4 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12900
5.8 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 5 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12901
5.9 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 6 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12902
5.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 3 Cor. 1 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13184
5.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Cor. 2 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13188
5.12 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 7 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13186
5.13 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 8 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13187
6.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13269
6.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2017) Amd. 1 2017-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/13431
7.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2018-08-29 16 11.1002/1000/13664
Keywords

Audiovisual content, multimedia multiplexing, MPEG-2 system, multiplexed bit stream, program stream, transport stream.

© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
ii Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2018)
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
FOREWORD

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is the United Nations specialized agency in the field of

telecommunications, information and communication technologies (ICTs). The ITU Telecommunication

Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is a permanent organ of ITU. ITU-T is responsible for studying technical,

operating and tariff questions and issuing Recommendations on them with a view to standardizing

telecommunications on a worldwide basis.

The World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA), which meets every four years, establishes

the topics for study by the ITU-T study groups which, in turn, produce Recommendations on these topics.

The approval of ITU-T Recommendations is covered by the procedure laid down in WTSA Resolution 1.

In some areas of information technology which fall within ITU-T's purview, the necessary standards are

prepared on a collaborative basis with ISO and IEC.
NOTE

In this Recommendation, the expression "Administration" is used for conciseness to indicate both a

telecommunication administration and a recognized operating agency.

Compliance with this Recommendation is voluntary. However, the Recommendation may contain certain

mandatory provisions (to ensure, e.g., interoperability or applicability) and compliance with the

Recommendation is achieved when all of these mandatory provisions are met. The words "shall" or some other

obligatory language such as "must" and the negative equivalents are used to express requirements. The use of

such words does not suggest that compliance with the Recommendation is required of any party.

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS

ITU draws attention to the possibility that the practice or implementation of this Recommendation may involve

the use of a claimed Intellectual Property Right. ITU takes no position concerning the evidence, validity or

applicability of claimed Intellectual Property Rights, whether asserted by ITU members or others outside of

the Recommendation development process.

As of the date of approval of this Recommendation, ITU had received notice of intellectual property, protected

by patents, which may be required to implement this Recommendation. However, implementers are cautioned

that this may not represent the latest information and are therefore strongly urged to consult the TSB patent

database at http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/ipr/.
 ITU 2019

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, by any means whatsoever, without the prior

written permission of ITU.
Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2018) iii
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
Table of Contents
Page

SECTION 1 – GENERAL .................................................................................................................................................. 1

1.1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................................ 1

1.2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................... 1

SECTION 2 – TECHNICAL ELEMENTS ........................................................................................................................ 4

2.1 Definitions .................................................................................................................................................... 4

2.2 Symbols and abbreviations ......................................................................................................................... 11

2.3 Method of describing bit stream syntax ..................................................................................................... 13

2.4 Transport stream bitstream requirements ................................................................................................... 14

2.5 Program stream bitstream requirements ..................................................................................................... 60

2.6 Program and program element descriptors ................................................................................................. 74

2.7 Restrictions on the multiplexed stream semantics .................................................................................... 143

2.8 Compatibility with ISO/IEC 11172 .......................................................................................................... 148

2.9 Registration of copyright identifiers ......................................................................................................... 148

2.10 Registration of private data format ........................................................................................................... 148

2.11 Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496 data .............................................................................................................. 149

2.12 Carriage of metadata ................................................................................................................................ 160

2.13 Carriage of ISO 15938 data ...................................................................................................................... 169

2.14 Carriage of Rec. ITU-T H.264 | ISO/IEC 14496-10 video ....................................................................... 169

2.15 Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496-17 text streams ............................................................................................ 185

2.16 Carriage of auxiliary video streams .......................................................................................................... 187

2.17 Carriage of HEVC .................................................................................................................................... 187

2.18 Carriage of green access units .................................................................................................................. 201

2.19 Carriage of ISO/IEC 23008-3 MPEG-H 3D audio data ........................................................................... 203

2.20 Carriage of Quality Access Units in MPEG-2 sections ............................................................................ 205

2.21 Carriage of Sample Variants .................................................................................................................... 206

2.22 Carriage of Media Orchestration Access Units ........................................................................................ 207

Annex A – CRC decoder model ..................................................................................................................................... 208

A.1 CRC decoder model ................................................................................................................................. 208

Annex B – Digital storage medium command and control (DSM-CC) .......................................................................... 209

B.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 209

B.2 General elements ...................................................................................................................................... 210

B.3 Technical elements ................................................................................................................................... 212

Annex C – Program-specific information ....................................................................................................................... 218

C.1 Explanation of program-specific information in transport streams .......................................................... 218

C.2 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 218

C.3 Functional mechanism.............................................................................................................................. 218

C.4 The mapping of sections into transport stream packets ............................................................................ 219

C.5 Repetition rates and random access .......................................................................................................... 219

C.6 What is a program? .................................................................................................................................. 220

C.7 Allocation of program_number ................................................................................................................ 220

C.8 Usage of PSI in a typical system .............................................................................................................. 220

C.9 The relationships of PSI structures ........................................................................................................... 221

C.10 Bandwidth utilization and signal acquisition time ................................................................................... 223

Annex D – Systems timing model and application implications of this Recommendation | International Standard ...... 226

D.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 226

Annex E – Data transmission applications ..................................................................................................................... 235

E.1 General considerations ............................................................................................................................. 235

E.2 Suggestion ................................................................................................................................................ 235

Annex F – Graphics of syntax for this Recommendation | International Standard ......................................................... 236

F.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 236

Annex G – General information ..................................................................................................................................... 240

G.1 General information ................................................................................................................................. 240

iv Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2018)
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)

Annex H – Private data ................................................................................................................................................... 241

H.1 Private data ............................................................................................................................................... 241

Annex I – Systems conformance and real-time interface ............................................................................................... 242

I.1 Systems conformance and real-time interface .......................................................................................... 242

Annex J – Interfacing jitter-inducing networks to MPEG-2 decoders ............................................................................ 243

J.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 243

J.2 Network compliance models .................................................................................................................... 243

J.3 Network specification for jitter smoothing............................................................................................... 244

J.4 Example decoder implementations .......................................................................................................... 245

Annex K – Splicing transport streams ............................................................................................................................ 246

K.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 246

K.2 The different types of splicing point ........................................................................................................ 246

K.3 Decoder behaviour on splices................................................................................................................... 247

Annex L – Registration procedure (see 2.9) ................................................................................................................... 249

L.1 Procedure for the request of a Registered Identifier (RID) ...................................................................... 249

L.2 Responsibilities of the Registration Authority ......................................................................................... 249

L.3 Responsibilities of parties requesting an RID .......................................................................................... 249

L.4 Appeal procedure for denied applications ................................................................................................ 250

Annex M – Registration application form (see 2.9) ........................................................................................................ 251

M.1 Contact information of organization requesting a Registered Identifier (RID) ........................................ 251

M.2 Statement of an intention to apply the assigned RID ............................................................................... 251

M.3 Date of intended implementation of the RID ........................................................................................... 251

M.4 Authorized representative ........................................................................................................................ 251

M.5 For official use only of the Registration Authority .................................................................................. 251

Annex N – Registration Authority Diagram of administration structure (see 2.9) ......................................................... 252

Annex O – Registration procedure (see 2.10) ................................................................................................................. 253

O.1 Procedure for the request of an RID ......................................................................................................... 253

O.2 Responsibilities of the Registration Authority ......................................................................................... 253

O.3 Contact information for the Registration Authority ................................................................................. 253

O.4 Responsibilities of parties requesting an RID .......................................................................................... 253

O.5 Appeal procedure for denied applications ................................................................................................ 253

Annex P – Registration application form ........................................................................................................................ 255

P.1 Contact information of organization requesting an RID .......................................................................... 255

P.2 Request for a specific RID ....................................................................................................................... 255

P.3 Short description of RID that is in use and date system that was implemented ....................................... 255

P.4 Statement of an intention to apply the assigned RID ............................................................................... 255

P.5 Date of intended implementation of the RID ........................................................................................... 255

P.6 Authorized representative ........................................................................................................................ 255

P.7 For official use of the Registration Authority .......................................................................................... 255

Annex Q – T-STD and P-STD buffer models for ISO/IEC 13818-7 ADTS .................................................................. 256

Q.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 256

Q.2 Leak rate from transport buffer ................................................................................................................ 256

Q.3 Buffer size ................................................................................................................................................ 256

Q.4 Conclusion ............................................................................................................................................... 257

Annex R – Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496 scenes in Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1........................................... 259

R.1 Content access procedure for ISO/IEC 14496 program components within a program stream ............... 259

R.2 Content access procedure for ISO/IEC 14496 program components within a transport stream .............. 260

Annex S – Carriage of JPEG 2000 part 1 video over MPEG-2 transport streams .......................................................... 264

S.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 264

S.2 J2K video access unit, J2K video elementary stream, J2K video sequence and J2K still picture ............ 264

S.3 Optional J2K block mode for high resolution support ............................................................................. 264

S.4 Optional J2K stripe mode for Ultra-Low Latency.................................................................................... 265

S.5 Elementary stream header (elsm) and mapping to PES packets ............................................................... 265

Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2018) v
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)

S.6 J2K transport constraints .......................................................................................................................... 268

S.7 Interpretation of flags in adaptation and PES headers for J2K video elementary streams ....................... 269

S.8 T-STD extension for J2K video elem
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
01-november-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2018
SIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2018/Amd 1:2018

Informacijska tehnologija - Splošno kodiranje gibljivih slik in pripadajočih zvočnih

informacij - 1. del: Sistemi
Information technology -- Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio
information -- Part 1: Systems
Technologies de l'information -- Codage générique des images animées et du son
associé -- Partie 1: Systèmes
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
ICS:
35.040.40 Kodiranje avdio, video, Coding of audio, video,
multimedijskih in multimedia and hypermedia
hipermedijskih informacij information
SIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
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SIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 13818-1
Seventh edition
2019-06
Information technology — Generic
coding of moving pictures and
associated audio information —
Part 1:
Systems
Technologies de l'information — Codage générique des images
animées et du son associé —
Partie 1: Systèmes
Reference number
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
ISO/IEC 2019
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SIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity.

ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of document should be noted (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details

of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions

related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the World Trade

Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT),
see www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by ITU-T as Rec. ITU-T H.220.0 (03/2017) and drafted in accordance with

its editorial rules. It was assigned to Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information

technology, Subcommittee SC 29, Coding of audio, picture, multimedia and hypermedia information.

This seventh edition cancels and replaces the sixth edition (ISO/IEC 13818-1:2018), which has

been technically revised. It also incorporates ISO/IEC 13818-1:2018/Amd.1:2018.
A list of all parts in the ISO/IEC 13818 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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SIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
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SIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 13818-1
RECOMMENDATION ITU-T H.222.0
Information technology – Generic coding of moving pictures and associated
audio information: Systems
Summary

This Recommendation | International Standard specifies the system layer of the coding. It was developed in 1994 to

principally support the combination and synchronization of video and audio coding methods defined in ISO/IEC 13818

Part 2 (ITU-T H.262) and Part 3. Since 1994, this standard has been extended to support additional video coding

specifications (e.g., ISO/IEC 14496-2, ITU-T H.264 | ISO/IEC 14496-10, ITU-T H.265 | ISO/IEC 23008-2 and

ITU-T T.800 | ISO/IEC 15444-1 Annex M JPEG 2000 video), audio coding specifications (e.g., ISO/IEC 13818-7 and

ISO/IEC 14496-3), system streams (e.g., ISO/IEC 14496-1 and ISO/IEC 15938-1), ISO/IEC 23009-1 dynamic adaptive

streaming over HTTP (DASH), ISO/IEC 13818-11 intellectual property management and protection (IPMP) as well as

generic metadata. The system layer supports six basic functions:
1) the synchronization of multiple compressed streams on decoding;
2) the interleaving of multiple compressed streams into a single stream;
3) the initialization of buffering for decoding start up;
4) continuous buffer management;
5) time identification; and
6) multiplexing and signalling of various components in a system stream.

Recommendation ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1 multiplexed bit stream is either a transport stream or a program

stream. Both streams are constructed from packetized elementary stream (PES) packets and packets containing other

necessary information. Both stream types support multiplexing of video and audio compressed streams from one program

with a common time base. The transport stream additionally supports the multiplexing of video and audio compressed

streams from multiple programs with independent time bases. For almost error-free environments the program stream is

generally more appropriate, supporting software processing of program information. The transport stream is more suitable

for use in environments where errors are likely.

Recommendation ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1 multiplexed bit stream, whether a transport stream or a program

stream, is constructed in two layers: the outermost layer is the system layer, and the innermost is the compression layer.

The system layer provides the functions necessary for using one or more compressed data streams in a system. The video

and audio parts of this Specification define the compression coding layer for audio and video data. Coding of other types

of data is not defined by this Recommendation | International Standard, but is supported by the system layer provided that

the other types of data adhere to the constraints defined in this Recommendation | International Standard.

History
Edition Recommendation Approval Study Group Unique ID
1.0 ITU-T H.222.0 1995-07-10 15 11.1002/1000/1071
1.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 1 1996-11-11 16 11.1002/1000/3834
1.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 2 1996-11-11 16 11.1002/1000/4096
1.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Technical Cor. 1 1998-02-06 16 11.1002/1000/4532
1.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 3 1998-02-06 16 11.1002/1000/4228
1.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 4 1998-02-06 16 11.1002/1000/4229
1.6 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 5 1999-05-27 16 11.1002/1000/4498
1.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 6 1999-05-27 16 11.1002/1000/4671
2.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2000-02-17 16 11.1002/1000/5142
2.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 1 2001-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/5419
2.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 2 2002-03-29 16 11.1002/1000/5675
____________________

To access the Recommendation, type the URL http://handle.itu.int/ in the address field of your web browser, followed by the

Recommendation's unique ID. For example, http://handle.itu.int/11.1002/1000/11830-en.

© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2018) i
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SIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
2.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 1 2002-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/6190
2.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 1/Cor. 1 2003-06-29 16 11.1002/1000/6449
2.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 2 2003-06-29 16 11.1002/1000/6363
2.6 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 3 2004-03-15 16 11.1002/1000/7208
2.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 3 2005-01-08 16 11.1002/1000/7435
2.8 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 4 2005-01-08 16 11.1002/1000/7436
2.9 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 5 2005-01-08 16 11.1002/1000/7437
2.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 4 2005-09-13 16 11.1002/1000/8560
3.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2006-05-29 16 11.1002/1000/8802
3.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 1 2007-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/9024
3.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 2 2007-08-29 16 11.1002/1000/9214
3.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 1 2008-06-13 16 11.1002/1000/9471
3.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 2 2009-03-16 16 11.1002/1000/9692
3.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 3 2009-03-16 16 11.1002/1000/9691
3.6 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 3 2009-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/10621
3.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 4 2009-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/10622
3.8 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 4 2009-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/10623
3.9 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 5 2011-05-14 16 11.1002/1000/11287
3.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 6 2011-05-14 16 11.1002/1000/11288
4.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2012-06-29 16 11.1002/1000/11655
4.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 1 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12054
4.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 2 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12055
4.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 3 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12056
4.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 4 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12057
4.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 5 2014-10-14 16 11.1002/1000/12306
5.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2014-10-14 16 11.1002/1000/12359
5.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 1 2015-04-29 16 11.1002/1000/12452
5.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 1 Cor. 1 2015-11-29 16 11.1002/1000/12625
5.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 2 2015-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/12632
5.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 3 2015-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/12633
5.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 1 Cor. 2 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12899
5.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Cor. 1 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12903
5.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 4 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12900
5.8 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 5 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12901
5.9 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 6 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12902
5.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 3 Cor. 1 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13184
5.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Cor. 2 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13188
5.12 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 7 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13186
5.13 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 8 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13187
6.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13269
6.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2017) Amd. 1 2017-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/13431
7.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2018-08-29 16 11.1002/1000/13664
Keywords

Audiovisual content, multimedia multiplexing, MPEG-2 system, multiplexed bit stream, program stream, transport stream.

© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
ii Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2018)
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SIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
FOREWORD

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is the United Nations specialized agency in the field of

telecommunications, information and communication technologies (ICTs). The ITU Telecommunication

Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is a permanent organ of ITU. ITU-T is responsible for studying technical,

operating and tariff questions and issuing Recommendations on them with a view to standardizing

telecommunications on a worldwide basis.

The World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA), which meets every four years, establishes

the topics for study by the ITU-T study groups which, in turn, produce Recommendations on these topics.

The approval of ITU-T Recommendations is covered by the procedure laid down in WTSA Resolution 1.

In some areas of information technology which fall within ITU-T's purview, the necessary standards are

prepared on a collaborative basis with ISO and IEC.
NOTE

In this Recommendation, the expression "Administration" is used for conciseness to indicate both a

telecommunication administration and a recognized operating agency.

Compliance with this Recommendation is voluntary. However, the Recommendation may contain certain

mandatory provisions (to ensure, e.g., interoperability or applicability) and compliance with the

Recommendation is achieved when all of these mandatory provisions are met. The words "shall" or some other

obligatory language such as "must" and the negative equivalents are used to express requirements. The use of

such words does not suggest that compliance with the Recommendation is required of any party.

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS

ITU draws attention to the possibility that the practice or implementation of this Recommendation may involve

the use of a claimed Intellectual Property Right. ITU takes no position concerning the evidence, validity or

applicability of claimed Intellectual Property Rights, whether asserted by ITU members or others outside of

the Recommendation development process.

As of the date of approval of this Recommendation, ITU had received notice of intellectual property, protected

by patents, which may be required to implement this Recommendation. However, implementers are cautioned

that this may not represent the latest information and are therefore strongly urged to consult the TSB patent

database at http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/ipr/.
 ITU 2019

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, by any means whatsoever, without the prior

written permission of ITU.
Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2018) iii
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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SIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
Table of Contents
Page

SECTION 1 – GENERAL .................................................................................................................................................. 1

1.1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................................ 1

1.2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................... 1

SECTION 2 – TECHNICAL ELEMENTS ........................................................................................................................ 4

2.1 Definitions .................................................................................................................................................... 4

2.2 Symbols and abbreviations ......................................................................................................................... 11

2.3 Method of describing bit stream syntax ..................................................................................................... 13

2.4 Transport stream bitstream requirements ................................................................................................... 14

2.5 Program stream bitstream requirements ..................................................................................................... 60

2.6 Program and program element descriptors ................................................................................................. 74

2.7 Restrictions on the multiplexed stream semantics .................................................................................... 143

2.8 Compatibility with ISO/IEC 11172 .......................................................................................................... 148

2.9 Registration of copyright identifiers ......................................................................................................... 148

2.10 Registration of private data format ........................................................................................................... 148

2.11 Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496 data .............................................................................................................. 149

2.12 Carriage of metadata ................................................................................................................................ 160

2.13 Carriage of ISO 15938 data ...................................................................................................................... 169

2.14 Carriage of Rec. ITU-T H.264 | ISO/IEC 14496-10 video ....................................................................... 169

2.15 Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496-17 text streams ............................................................................................ 185

2.16 Carriage of auxiliary video streams .......................................................................................................... 187

2.17 Carriage of HEVC .................................................................................................................................... 187

2.18 Carriage of green access units .................................................................................................................. 201

2.19 Carriage of ISO/IEC 23008-3 MPEG-H 3D audio data ........................................................................... 203

2.20 Carriage of Quality Access Units in MPEG-2 sections ............................................................................ 205

2.21 Carriage of Sample Variants .................................................................................................................... 206

2.22 Carriage of Media Orchestration Access Units ........................................................................................ 207

Annex A – CRC decoder model ..................................................................................................................................... 208

A.1 CRC decoder model ................................................................................................................................. 208

Annex B – Digital storage medium command and control (DSM-CC) .......................................................................... 209

B.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 209

B.2 General elements ...................................................................................................................................... 210

B.3 Technical elements ................................................................................................................................... 212

Annex C – Program-specific information ....................................................................................................................... 218

C.1 Explanation of program-specific information in transport streams .......................................................... 218

C.2 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 218

C.3 Functional mechanism.............................................................................................................................. 218

C.4 The mapping of sections into transport stream packets ............................................................................ 219

C.5 Repetition rates and random access .......................................................................................................... 219

C.6 What is a program? .................................................................................................................................. 220

C.7 Allocation of program_number ................................................................................................................ 220

C.8 Usage of PSI in a typical system .............................................................................................................. 220

C.9 The relationships of PSI structures ........................................................................................................... 221

C.10 Bandwidth utilization and signal acquisition time ................................................................................... 223

Annex D – Systems timing model and application implications of this Recommendation | International Standard ...... 226

D.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 226

Annex E – Data transmission applications ..................................................................................................................... 235

E.1 General considerations ............................................................................................................................. 235

E.2 Suggestion ................................................................................................................................................ 235

Annex F – Graphics of syntax for this Recommendation | International Standard ......................................................... 236

F.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 236

Annex G – General information ..................................................................................................................................... 240

G.1 General information ................................................................................................................................. 240

iv Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2018)
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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SIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)

Annex H – Private data ................................................................................................................................................... 241

H.1 Private data ............................................................................................................................................... 241

Annex I – Systems conformance and real-time interface ............................................................................................... 242

I.1 Systems conformance and real-time interface .......................................................................................... 242

Annex J – Interfacing jitter-inducing networks to MPEG-2 decoders ............................................................................ 243

J.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 243

J.2 Network compliance models .................................................................................................................... 243

J.3 Network specification for jitter smoothing............................................................................................... 244

J.4 Example decoder implementations .......................................................................................................... 245

Annex K – Splicing transport streams ............................................................................................................................ 246

K.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 246

K.2 The different types of splicing point ........................................................................................................ 246

K.3 Decoder behaviour on splices................................................................................................................... 247

Annex L – Registration procedure (see 2.9) ................................................................................................................... 249

L.1 Procedure for the request of a Registered Identifier (RID) ...................................................................... 249

L.2 Responsibilities of the Registration Authority ......................................................................................... 249

L.3 Responsibilities of parties requesting an RID .......................................................................................... 249

L.4 Appeal procedure for denied applications ................................................................................................ 250

Annex M – Registration application form (see 2.9) ........................................................................................................ 251

M.1 Contact information of organization requesting a Registered Identifier (RID) ........................................ 251

M.2 Statement of an intention to apply the assigned RID ............................................................................... 251

M.3 Date of intended implementation of the RID ........................................................................................... 251

M.4 Authorized representative ........................................................................................................................ 251

M.5 For official use only of the Registration Authority .................................................................................. 251

Annex N – Registration Authority Diagram of administration structure (see 2.9) ......................................................... 252

Annex O – Registration procedure (see 2.10) ................................................................................................................. 253

O.1 Procedure for the request of an RID ......................................................................................................... 253

O.2 Responsibilities of the Registration Authority ......................................................................................... 253

O.3 Contact information for the Registration Authority ................................................................................. 253

O.4 Responsibilities of parties requesting an RID .......................................................................................... 253

O.5 Appeal procedure for denied applications ................................................................................................ 253

Annex P – Registration application form ........................................................................................................................ 255

P.1 Contact information of organization requesting an RID .......................................................................... 255

P.2 Request for a specific RID ....................................................................................................................... 255

P.3 Short description of RID that is in use and date system that was implemented ....................................... 255

P.4 Statement of an intention to apply the assigned RID ............................................................................... 255

P.5 Date of intended implementation of the RID ........................................................................................... 255

P.6 Authorized representative ........................................................................................................................ 255

P.7 For official use of the Registration Authority .......................................................................................... 255

Annex Q – T-STD and P-STD buffer models for ISO/IEC 13818-7 ADTS .................................................................. 256

Q.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 256

Q.2 Leak rate from transport buffer ................................................................................................................ 256

Q.3 Buffer size ................................................................................................................................................ 256

Q.4 Conclusion ............................................................................................................................................... 257

Annex R – Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496 scenes in Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1........................................... 259

R.1 Content access procedure for ISO/IEC 14496 program components within a program stream ............... 259

R.2 Content access procedure for ISO/IEC 14496 program components within a transport stream .............. 260

Annex S – Carriage of JPEG 2000 part 1 vi
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
01-september-2019

Informacijska tehnologija - Splošno kodiranje gibljivih slik in pripadajočih zvočnih

informacij - 1. del: Sistemi
Information technology -- Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio
information -- Part 1: Systems
Technologies de l'information -- Codage générique des images animées et du son
associé -- Partie 1: Systèmes
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
ICS:
35.040.40 Kodiranje avdio, video, Coding of audio, video,
multimedijskih in multimedia and hypermedia
hipermedijskih informacij information
oSIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 13818-1
Seventh edition
2019-06
Information technology — Generic
coding of moving pictures and
associated audio information —
Part 1:
Systems
Technologies de l'information — Codage générique des images
animées et du son associé —
Partie 1: Systèmes
Reference number
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
ISO/IEC 2019
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity.

ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of document should be noted (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details

of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions

related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the World Trade

Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT),
see www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by ITU-T as Rec. ITU-T H.220.0 (03/2017) and drafted in accordance with

its editorial rules. It was assigned to Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information

technology, Subcommittee SC 29, Coding of audio, picture, multimedia and hypermedia information.

This seventh edition cancels and replaces the sixth edition (ISO/IEC 13818-1:2018), which has

been technically revised. It also incorporates ISO/IEC 13818-1:2018/Amd.1:2018.
A list of all parts in the ISO/IEC 13818 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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oSIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 13818-1
RECOMMENDATION ITU-T H.222.0
Information technology – Generic coding of moving pictures and associated
audio information: Systems
Summary

This Recommendation | International Standard specifies the system layer of the coding. It was developed in 1994 to

principally support the combination and synchronization of video and audio coding methods defined in ISO/IEC 13818

Part 2 (ITU-T H.262) and Part 3. Since 1994, this standard has been extended to support additional video coding

specifications (e.g., ISO/IEC 14496-2, ITU-T H.264 | ISO/IEC 14496-10, ITU-T H.265 | ISO/IEC 23008-2 and

ITU-T T.800 | ISO/IEC 15444-1 Annex M JPEG 2000 video), audio coding specifications (e.g., ISO/IEC 13818-7 and

ISO/IEC 14496-3), system streams (e.g., ISO/IEC 14496-1 and ISO/IEC 15938-1), ISO/IEC 23009-1 dynamic adaptive

streaming over HTTP (DASH), ISO/IEC 13818-11 intellectual property management and protection (IPMP) as well as

generic metadata. The system layer supports six basic functions:
1) the synchronization of multiple compressed streams on decoding;
2) the interleaving of multiple compressed streams into a single stream;
3) the initialization of buffering for decoding start up;
4) continuous buffer management;
5) time identification; and
6) multiplexing and signalling of various components in a system stream.

Recommendation ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1 multiplexed bit stream is either a transport stream or a program

stream. Both streams are constructed from packetized elementary stream (PES) packets and packets containing other

necessary information. Both stream types support multiplexing of video and audio compressed streams from one program

with a common time base. The transport stream additionally supports the multiplexing of video and audio compressed

streams from multiple programs with independent time bases. For almost error-free environments the program stream is

generally more appropriate, supporting software processing of program information. The transport stream is more suitable

for use in environments where errors are likely.

Recommendation ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1 multiplexed bit stream, whether a transport stream or a program

stream, is constructed in two layers: the outermost layer is the system layer, and the innermost is the compression layer.

The system layer provides the functions necessary for using one or more compressed data streams in a system. The video

and audio parts of this Specification define the compression coding layer for audio and video data. Coding of other types

of data is not defined by this Recommendation | International Standard, but is supported by the system layer provided that

the other types of data adhere to the constraints defined in this Recommendation | International Standard.

History
Edition Recommendation Approval Study Group Unique ID
1.0 ITU-T H.222.0 1995-07-10 15 11.1002/1000/1071
1.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 1 1996-11-11 16 11.1002/1000/3834
1.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 2 1996-11-11 16 11.1002/1000/4096
1.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Technical Cor. 1 1998-02-06 16 11.1002/1000/4532
1.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 3 1998-02-06 16 11.1002/1000/4228
1.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 4 1998-02-06 16 11.1002/1000/4229
1.6 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 5 1999-05-27 16 11.1002/1000/4498
1.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 6 1999-05-27 16 11.1002/1000/4671
2.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2000-02-17 16 11.1002/1000/5142
2.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 1 2001-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/5419
2.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 2 2002-03-29 16 11.1002/1000/5675
____________________

To access the Recommendation, type the URL http://handle.itu.int/ in the address field of your web browser, followed by the

Recommendation's unique ID. For example, http://handle.itu.int/11.1002/1000/11830-en.

© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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2.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 1 2002-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/6190
2.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 1/Cor. 1 2003-06-29 16 11.1002/1000/6449
2.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 2 2003-06-29 16 11.1002/1000/6363
2.6 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 3 2004-03-15 16 11.1002/1000/7208
2.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 3 2005-01-08 16 11.1002/1000/7435
2.8 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 4 2005-01-08 16 11.1002/1000/7436
2.9 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 5 2005-01-08 16 11.1002/1000/7437
2.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 4 2005-09-13 16 11.1002/1000/8560
3.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2006-05-29 16 11.1002/1000/8802
3.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 1 2007-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/9024
3.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 2 2007-08-29 16 11.1002/1000/9214
3.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 1 2008-06-13 16 11.1002/1000/9471
3.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 2 2009-03-16 16 11.1002/1000/9692
3.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 3 2009-03-16 16 11.1002/1000/9691
3.6 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 3 2009-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/10621
3.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 4 2009-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/10622
3.8 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 4 2009-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/10623
3.9 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 5 2011-05-14 16 11.1002/1000/11287
3.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 6 2011-05-14 16 11.1002/1000/11288
4.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2012-06-29 16 11.1002/1000/11655
4.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 1 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12054
4.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 2 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12055
4.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 3 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12056
4.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 4 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12057
4.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 5 2014-10-14 16 11.1002/1000/12306
5.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2014-10-14 16 11.1002/1000/12359
5.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 1 2015-04-29 16 11.1002/1000/12452
5.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 1 Cor. 1 2015-11-29 16 11.1002/1000/12625
5.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 2 2015-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/12632
5.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 3 2015-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/12633
5.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 1 Cor. 2 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12899
5.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Cor. 1 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12903
5.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 4 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12900
5.8 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 5 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12901
5.9 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 6 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12902
5.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 3 Cor. 1 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13184
5.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Cor. 2 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13188
5.12 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 7 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13186
5.13 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 8 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13187
6.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13269
6.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2017) Amd. 1 2017-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/13431
7.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2018-08-29 16 11.1002/1000/13664
Keywords

Audiovisual content, multimedia multiplexing, MPEG-2 system, multiplexed bit stream, program stream, transport stream.

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ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019(E)
FOREWORD

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is the United Nations specialized agency in the field of

telecommunications, information and communication technologies (ICTs). The ITU Telecommunication

Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is a permanent organ of ITU. ITU-T is responsible for studying technical,

operating and tariff questions and issuing Recommendations on them with a view to standardizing

telecommunications on a worldwide basis.

The World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA), which meets every four years, establishes

the topics for study by the ITU-T study groups which, in turn, produce Recommendations on these topics.

The approval of ITU-T Recommendations is covered by the procedure laid down in WTSA Resolution 1.

In some areas of information technology which fall within ITU-T's purview, the necessary standards are

prepared on a collaborative basis with ISO and IEC.
NOTE

In this Recommendation, the expression "Administration" is used for conciseness to indicate both a

telecommunication administration and a recognized operating agency.

Compliance with this Recommendation is voluntary. However, the Recommendation may contain certain

mandatory provisions (to ensure, e.g., interoperability or applicability) and compliance with the

Recommendation is achieved when all of these mandatory provisions are met. The words "shall" or some other

obligatory language such as "must" and the negative equivalents are used to express requirements. The use of

such words does not suggest that compliance with the Recommendation is required of any party.

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS 

ITU draws attention to the possibility that the practice or implementation of this Recommendation may involve

the use of a claimed Intellectual Property Right. ITU takes no position concerning the evidence, validity or

applicability of claimed Intellectual Property Rights, whether asserted by ITU members or others outside of

the Recommendation development process.

As of the date of approval of this Recommendation, ITU had received notice of intellectual property, protected

by patents, which may be required to implement this Recommendation. However, implementers are cautioned

that this may not represent the latest information and are therefore strongly urged to consult the TSB patent

database at http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/ipr/.
 ITU 2019

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, by any means whatsoever, without the prior

written permission of ITU.
Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2018) iii
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Table of Contents
Page

SECTION 1 – GENERAL .................................................................................................................................................. 1

1.1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................................ 1

1.2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................... 1

SECTION 2 – TECHNICAL ELEMENTS ........................................................................................................................ 4

2.1 Definitions .................................................................................................................................................... 4

2.2 Symbols and abbreviations ......................................................................................................................... 11

2.3 Method of describing bit stream syntax ..................................................................................................... 13

2.4 Transport stream bitstream requirements ................................................................................................... 14

2.5 Program stream bitstream requirements ..................................................................................................... 60

2.6 Program and program element descriptors ................................................................................................. 74

2.7 Restrictions on the multiplexed stream semantics .................................................................................... 143

2.8 Compatibility with ISO/IEC 11172 .......................................................................................................... 148

2.9 Registration of copyright identifiers ......................................................................................................... 148

2.10 Registration of private data format ........................................................................................................... 148

2.11 Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496 data .............................................................................................................. 149

2.12 Carriage of metadata ................................................................................................................................ 160

2.13 Carriage of ISO 15938 data ...................................................................................................................... 169

2.14 Carriage of Rec. ITU-T H.264 | ISO/IEC 14496-10 video ....................................................................... 169

2.15 Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496-17 text streams ............................................................................................ 185

2.16 Carriage of auxiliary video streams .......................................................................................................... 187

2.17 Carriage of HEVC .................................................................................................................................... 187

2.18 Carriage of green access units .................................................................................................................. 201

2.19 Carriage of ISO/IEC 23008-3 MPEG-H 3D audio data ........................................................................... 203

2.20 Carriage of Quality Access Units in MPEG-2 sections ............................................................................ 205

2.21 Carriage of Sample Variants .................................................................................................................... 206

2.22 Carriage of Media Orchestration Access Units ........................................................................................ 207

Annex A – CRC decoder model ..................................................................................................................................... 208

A.1 CRC decoder model ................................................................................................................................. 208

Annex B – Digital storage medium command and control (DSM-CC) .......................................................................... 209

B.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 209

B.2 General elements ...................................................................................................................................... 210

B.3 Technical elements ................................................................................................................................... 212

Annex C – Program-specific information ....................................................................................................................... 218

C.1 Explanation of program-specific information in transport streams .......................................................... 218

C.2 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 218

C.3 Functional mechanism.............................................................................................................................. 218

C.4 The mapping of sections into transport stream packets ............................................................................ 219

C.5 Repetition rates and random access .......................................................................................................... 219

C.6 What is a program? .................................................................................................................................. 220

C.7 Allocation of program_number ................................................................................................................ 220

C.8 Usage of PSI in a typical system .............................................................................................................. 220

C.9 The relationships of PSI structures ........................................................................................................... 221

C.10 Bandwidth utilization and signal acquisition time ................................................................................... 223

Annex D – Systems timing model and application implications of this Recommendation | International Standard ...... 226

D.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 226

Annex E – Data transmission applications ..................................................................................................................... 235

E.1 General considerations ............................................................................................................................. 235

E.2 Suggestion ................................................................................................................................................ 235

Annex F – Graphics of syntax for this Recommendation | International Standard ......................................................... 236

F.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 236

Annex G – General information ..................................................................................................................................... 240

G.1 General information ................................................................................................................................. 240

iv Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2018)
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Annex H – Private data ................................................................................................................................................... 241

H.1 Private data ............................................................................................................................................... 241

Annex I – Systems conformance and real-time interface ............................................................................................... 242

I.1 Systems conformance and real-time interface .......................................................................................... 242

Annex J – Interfacing jitter-inducing networks to MPEG-2 decoders ............................................................................ 243

J.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 243

J.2 Network compliance models .................................................................................................................... 243

J.3 Network specification for jitter smoothing............................................................................................... 244

J.4 Example decoder implementations .......................................................................................................... 245

Annex K – Splicing transport streams ............................................................................................................................ 246

K.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 246

K.2 The different types of splicing point ........................................................................................................ 246

K.3 Decoder behaviour on splices................................................................................................................... 247

Annex L – Registration procedure (see 2.9) ................................................................................................................... 249

L.1 Procedure for the request of a Registered Identifier (RID) ...................................................................... 249

L.2 Responsibilities of the Registration Authority ......................................................................................... 249

L.3 Responsibilities of parties requesting an RID .......................................................................................... 249

L.4 Appeal procedure for denied applications ................................................................................................ 250

Annex M – Registration application form (see 2.9) ........................................................................................................ 251

M.1 Contact information of organization requesting a Registered Identifier (RID) ........................................ 251

M.2 Statement of an intention to apply the assigned RID ............................................................................... 251

M.3 Date of intended implementation of the RID ........................................................................................... 251

M.4 Authorized representative ........................................................................................................................ 251

M.5 For official use only of the Registration Authority .................................................................................. 251

Annex N – Registration Authority Diagram of administration structure (see 2.9) ......................................................... 252

Annex O – Registration procedure (see 2.10) ................................................................................................................. 253

O.1 Procedure for the request of an RID ......................................................................................................... 253

O.2 Responsibilities of the Registration Authority ......................................................................................... 253

O.3 Contact information for the Registration Authority ................................................................................. 253

O.4 Responsibilities of parties requesting an RID .......................................................................................... 253

O.5 Appeal procedure for denied applications ................................................................................................ 253

Annex P – Registration application form ........................................................................................................................ 255

P.1 Contact information of organization requesting an RID .......................................................................... 255

P.2 Request for a specific RID ....................................................................................................................... 255

P.3 Short description of RID that is in use and date system that was implemented ....................................... 255

P.4 Statement of an intention to apply the assigned RID ............................................................................... 255

P.5 Date of intended implementation of the RID ........................................................................................... 255

P.6 Authorized representative ........................................................................................................................ 255

P.7 For official use of the Registration Authority .......................................................................................... 255

Annex Q – T-STD and P-STD buffer models for ISO/IEC 13818-7 ADTS .................................................................. 256

Q.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 256

Q.2 Leak rate from transport buffer ................................................................................................................ 256

Q.3 Buffer size ................................................................................................................................................ 256

Q.4 Conclusion ............................................................................................................................................... 257

Annex R – Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496 scenes in Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1........................................... 259

R.1 Content access procedure for ISO/IEC 14496 program components within a program stream ............... 259

R.2 Content access procedure for ISO/IEC 14496 program components within a transport stream .............. 260

Annex S – Carriage of JPEG 2000 part 1 video over MPEG-2 transport streams ......

...

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