Safety of toys — Part 1: Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties — Amendment 2
Sécurité des jouets — Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et physiques — Amendement 2
Standards Content (sample)
Safety of toys —
Safety aspects related to mechanical and
Sécurité des jouets —
Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et
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Amendment 2 to ISO 8124-1 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 181, Safety of toys.
ISO 8124 consists of the following parts, under the general title Safety of toys:⎯ Part 1: Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties
⎯ Part 2: Flammability
⎯ Part 3: Migration of certain elements
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Safety of toys —
Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties
2 Normative references
Add the following normative references:
ISO 3746:1995, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound pressure —Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting plane
ISO 11201, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Measurement of emission sound
pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions — Engineering method in an essentially freefield over a reflecting plane
ISO 11202, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Measurement of emission sound
pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions — Survey method in situ
ISO 11204, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Measurement of emission sound
pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions — Method requiring environmentalcorrections
IEC 61672-1:2002, Electroacoustics — Sound level meters — Part 1: Specifications
IEC 61672-2:2003, Electroacoustics — Sound level meters — Part 2: Pattern evaluation tests3 Terms and definitions
Add the following terms and definitions:
toy that is intended to be used close to the ear, i.e. the sound-emitting part of such a toy is normally putagainst the ear of a child
EXAMPLES: Toy cellphones or toy telephones that emit sounds from the handpiece.
any steady-state sound or group of variable sounds greater than one second in duration3.59
C-weighted peak sound pressure level (L )
the peak sound pressure level obtained when using standardized C-weighting
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equivalent sound pressure level
level of a steady-state sound which, in a stated time period and at a stated location, has the same A-weightedsound energy as the time-varying sound
the sudden release of energy characterized by the rapid expansion or bursting of a material3.62
toy that is intended to be used or operated while being held in the hand
EXAMPLES: Toy tools, small electronic games, stuffed animals, dolls, musical toys and cap-firing toys.3.63
any sound that is characterized by a brief excursion of sound pressure significantly exceeding the ambientnoise, typically less than one second in duration
maximum A-weighted sound pressure level
maximum sound pressure level obtained when using standardized A-weighting
toy that is clearly designed to emit sound when shaken, typically intended for children that are too young to situp unaided
hand-held pliable toy, usually incorporating a noise-making feature activated by forcing air through an opening
when flexed or squeezed and which usually recovers its original shape when released3.67
table-top, floor and crib toy
toys intended to be played with while attached to or resting on a table top, floor or crib
EXAMPLES: Toy vehicles, stacking toys, large and bulky toys, games and activity toys that attach to crib rails.Add the following subclauses:
4.28 Acoustic requirements (see E.41)
The requirements in this subclause do not apply to:
⎯ mouth-actuated toys, i.e toys the noise level of which is determined by the blowing action of the child(e.g. whistles and imitation musical instruments such as trumpets, flutes);
⎯ child-actuated toys, i.e. toys the noise level of which is determined by the muscular action of the child
(e.g. xylophones, bells, drums, squeeze toys). The continuous sound pressure requirements do not apply
to rattles; however, rattles are covered by impulsive sound pressure requirements;⎯ radios, tape players, CD-players and other similar electronic toys;
⎯ toys that are connected to or interfaced with external devices (e.g. televisions, computers) where thesound pressure level is determined by the external device;
⎯ sound emitted from earphones/headphones.
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When tested in accordance with 5.25 (determination of sound pressure levels), toys that are designed to emitsound shall conform to the following requirements:
a) The A-weighted equivalent sound pressure level, L , of continuous sounds produced bypAeq
close to the-ear toys shall not exceed 65 dB.
b) The A-weighted equivalent sound pressure level, L (maximum A-weighted sound pressure level,pAeq
L , for pass-by tests), of continuous sounds produced by all other toys except close-to-the-ear toyspAmax
shall not exceed 85 dB.
c) The C-weighted peak sound pressure level, L , of impulsive sounds produced by close-to-the-earpCpeak
toys shall not exceed 95 dB.
d) The C-weighted peak sound pressure level, L , of impulsive sounds produced by any type of toypCpeak
excluding toys using explosive action (e.g. percussion caps) shall not exceed 115 dB.
e) The C-weighted peak sound pressure level, L , of impulsive sounds produced by a toy usingpCpeak
percussion caps or other explosive action shall not exceed 125 dB.
f) If the C-weighted peak sound pressure level, L , of impulsive sounds produced by a toy usingpCpeak
percussion caps or other explosive action exceeds 115 dB, the potential danger to hearing shall bedrawn to the attention of the user (see B.2.19).
5.25 Determination of sound pressure levels (see 4.28)
5.25.1 Installation and mounting conditions
Carry out the measurements on a new toy not already subjected to testing. Test battery toys using newprimary batteries or fully charged secondary batteries.
External power supplies should not be used as they will, in many cases, affect the performance of the toy.184.108.40.206 Test environment
Test environments shall meet the qualification requirements of ISO 3746:1995, Annex A.
NOTE 1 In practice this means that most normally furnished rooms with a volume exceeding 30 m will qualify at
measurement distances of 50 cm provided that the largest dimension of the toy does not exceed 50 cm. For distancesshorter than 25 cm almost any environment will qualify.
NOTE 2 If the more accurate ISO 11201 is used, the test environment should meet the requirements of ISO 37220.127.116.11.3 Mounting
Test rigs used for the mounting of toys and/or the operator of the toy shall not affect the sound emission of the
toy under test nor cause sound reflections which will increase the sound pressure levels at the measuringpoints.
NOTE 1 It is often convenient to be able to rotate the test object instead of moving the microphone.
⎯ Mount close-to-the-ear toys and hand-held toys in a proper test rig at least 100 cm above the reflectingplane or have them operated by an adult operator with the arm outstretched.
NOTE 2 If an operator is used, hearing protectors should be used when testing very loud toys.
⎯ Place stationary table-top, floor and crib toys on a standard test table such as described in ISO 11201.
The table top should be large enough such that, with the toy resting on and fully over the table top, the
side of the measurement box from which the measurement is being made is also above the table top(see 18.104.22.168.6).
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⎯ Mount self-propelled table-top and floor toys on the standard test table as described above in a test rig sothat they can be operated with full power, but are prevented from moving around.
⎯ Place pull and push toys on the reflecting plane (e.g. concrete, tile or other hard surface) and fix them in a
test rig which enables them to be moved with varying speed along a direct line which passes the
measuring microphones (“passing-by” test). Make sure that the friction of the reflecting plane preventswheels from skidding.
⎯ Place hand-actuated wind-up toys, with the wind-up spring fully loaded, on the reflecting plane
(e.g. concrete, tile, or other hard surface) so that the front of the toy is 40 cm ± 1 cm along the x-axis fromthe microphones of the “passing-by” test (see Figure D).