Safety of toys — Part 1: Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties — Amendment 2

Sécurité des jouets — Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et physiques — Amendement 2

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
30-May-2007
Withdrawal Date
30-May-2007
Technical Committee
Drafting Committee
Current Stage
9599 - Withdrawal of International Standard
Start Date
11-Mar-2009
Completion Date
11-Mar-2009
Ref Project

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ISO 8124-1:2000/Amd 2:2007
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 8124-1
First edition
2000-04-01
AMENDMENT 2
2007-06-01
Safety of toys —
Part 1:
Safety aspects related to mechanical and
physical properties
AMENDMENT 2
Sécurité des jouets —
Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et
physiques
AMENDEMENT 2
Reference number
ISO 8124-1:2000/Amd.2:2007(E)
ISO 2007
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ISO 8124-1:2000/Amd.2:2007(E)
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ii © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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ISO 8124-1:2000/Amd.2:2007(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Amendment 2 to ISO 8124-1 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 181, Safety of toys.

ISO 8124 consists of the following parts, under the general title Safety of toys:

⎯ Part 1: Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties
⎯ Part 2: Flammability
⎯ Part 3: Migration of certain elements
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 8124-1:2000/Amd.2:2007(E)
Safety of toys —
Part 1:
Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties
AMENDMENT 2
2 Normative references
Add the following normative references:

ISO 3746:1995, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound pressure —

Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting plane

ISO 11201, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Measurement of emission sound

pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions — Engineering method in an essentially free

field over a reflecting plane

ISO 11202, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Measurement of emission sound

pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions — Survey method in situ

ISO 11204, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Measurement of emission sound

pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions — Method requiring environmental

corrections
IEC 61672-1:2002, Electroacoustics — Sound level meters — Part 1: Specifications

IEC 61672-2:2003, Electroacoustics — Sound level meters — Part 2: Pattern evaluation tests

3 Terms and definitions
Add the following terms and definitions:
3.57
close-to-the-ear toy

toy that is intended to be used close to the ear, i.e. the sound-emitting part of such a toy is normally put

against the ear of a child
EXAMPLES: Toy cellphones or toy telephones that emit sounds from the handpiece.
3.58
continuous sound

any steady-state sound or group of variable sounds greater than one second in duration

3.59
C-weighted peak sound pressure level (L )
pCpeak
the peak sound pressure level obtained when using standardized C-weighting
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ISO 8124-1:2000/Amd.2:2007(E)
3.60
equivalent sound pressure level
pAeq

level of a steady-state sound which, in a stated time period and at a stated location, has the same A-weighted

sound energy as the time-varying sound
3.61
explosive action

the sudden release of energy characterized by the rapid expansion or bursting of a material

3.62
hand-held toy
toy that is intended to be used or operated while being held in the hand

EXAMPLES: Toy tools, small electronic games, stuffed animals, dolls, musical toys and cap-firing toys.

3.63
impulsive sound

any sound that is characterized by a brief excursion of sound pressure significantly exceeding the ambient

noise, typically less than one second in duration
3.64
maximum A-weighted sound pressure level
pAmax
maximum sound pressure level obtained when using standardized A-weighting
3.65
rattle

toy that is clearly designed to emit sound when shaken, typically intended for children that are too young to sit

up unaided
3.66
squeeze toy

hand-held pliable toy, usually incorporating a noise-making feature activated by forcing air through an opening

when flexed or squeezed and which usually recovers its original shape when released

3.67
table-top, floor and crib toy

toys intended to be played with while attached to or resting on a table top, floor or crib

EXAMPLES: Toy vehicles, stacking toys, large and bulky toys, games and activity toys that attach to crib rails.

Add the following subclauses:
4.28 Acoustic requirements (see E.41)
The requirements in this subclause do not apply to:

⎯ mouth-actuated toys, i.e toys the noise level of which is determined by the blowing action of the child

(e.g. whistles and imitation musical instruments such as trumpets, flutes);

⎯ child-actuated toys, i.e. toys the noise level of which is determined by the muscular action of the child

(e.g. xylophones, bells, drums, squeeze toys). The continuous sound pressure requirements do not apply

to rattles; however, rattles are covered by impulsive sound pressure requirements;

⎯ radios, tape players, CD-players and other similar electronic toys;

⎯ toys that are connected to or interfaced with external devices (e.g. televisions, computers) where the

sound pressure level is determined by the external device;
⎯ sound emitted from earphones/headphones.
2 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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ISO 8124-1:2000/Amd.2:2007(E)

When tested in accordance with 5.25 (determination of sound pressure levels), toys that are designed to emit

sound shall conform to the following requirements:

a) The A-weighted equivalent sound pressure level, L , of continuous sounds produced by

pAeq
close to the-ear toys shall not exceed 65 dB.

b) The A-weighted equivalent sound pressure level, L (maximum A-weighted sound pressure level,

pAeq

L , for pass-by tests), of continuous sounds produced by all other toys except close-to-the-ear toys

pAmax
shall not exceed 85 dB.

c) The C-weighted peak sound pressure level, L , of impulsive sounds produced by close-to-the-ear

pCpeak
toys shall not exceed 95 dB.

d) The C-weighted peak sound pressure level, L , of impulsive sounds produced by any type of toy

pCpeak

excluding toys using explosive action (e.g. percussion caps) shall not exceed 115 dB.

e) The C-weighted peak sound pressure level, L , of impulsive sounds produced by a toy using

pCpeak
percussion caps or other explosive action shall not exceed 125 dB.

f) If the C-weighted peak sound pressure level, L , of impulsive sounds produced by a toy using

pCpeak

percussion caps or other explosive action exceeds 115 dB, the potential danger to hearing shall be

drawn to the attention of the user (see B.2.19).
5.25 Determination of sound pressure levels (see 4.28)
5.25.1 Installation and mounting conditions
5.25.1.1 General

Carry out the measurements on a new toy not already subjected to testing. Test battery toys using new

primary batteries or fully charged secondary batteries.

External power supplies should not be used as they will, in many cases, affect the performance of the toy.

5.25.1.2 Test environment

Test environments shall meet the qualification requirements of ISO 3746:1995, Annex A.

NOTE 1 In practice this means that most normally furnished rooms with a volume exceeding 30 m will qualify at

measurement distances of 50 cm provided that the largest dimension of the toy does not exceed 50 cm. For distances

shorter than 25 cm almost any environment will qualify.

NOTE 2 If the more accurate ISO 11201 is used, the test environment should meet the requirements of ISO 3744.

5.25.1.3 Mounting

Test rigs used for the mounting of toys and/or the operator of the toy shall not affect the sound emission of the

toy under test nor cause sound reflections which will increase the sound pressure levels at the measuring

points.

NOTE 1 It is often convenient to be able to rotate the test object instead of moving the microphone.

⎯ Mount close-to-the-ear toys and hand-held toys in a proper test rig at least 100 cm above the reflecting

plane or have them operated by an adult operator with the arm outstretched.

NOTE 2 If an operator is used, hearing protectors should be used when testing very loud toys.

⎯ Place stationary table-top, floor and crib toys on a standard test table such as described in ISO 11201.

The table top should be large enough such that, with the toy resting on and fully over the table top, the

side of the measurement box from which the measurement is being made is also above the table top

(see 5.25.2.3.6).
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ISO 8124-1:2000/Amd.2:2007(E)

⎯ Mount self-propelled table-top and floor toys on the standard test table as described above in a test rig so

that they can be operated with full power, but are prevented from moving around.

⎯ Place pull and push toys on the reflecting plane (e.g. concrete, tile or other hard surface) and fix them in a

test rig which enables them to be moved with varying speed along a direct line which passes the

measuring microphones (“passing-by” test). Make sure that the friction of the reflecting plane prevents

wheels from skidding.

⎯ Place hand-actuated wind-up toys, with the wind-up spring fully loaded, on the reflecting plane

(e.g. concrete, tile, or other hard surface) so that the front of the toy is 40 cm ± 1 cm along the x-axis from

the microphones of the “passing-by” test (see Figure D).
⎯ Mo
...

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