Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks — Part 5: External electro-optical distance-ranging method

This part of ISO 7507 specifies a method for the calibration of non-insulated vertical cylindrical tanks having diameters greater than 5 m, by means of external measurement using an electro-optical distance-ranging method (EODR), and for the subsequent compilation of tank capacity tables. This part of ISO 7507 is applicable to tanks with cone-up or cone-down bottoms as well as to tanks with flat bottoms.

Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides — Jaugeage des réservoirs cylindriques verticaux — Partie 5: Méthode par mesurage électro-optique externe de la distance

La présente partie de l'ISO7507 spécifie une méthode pour le jaugeage de réservoirs cylindriques verticaux non calorifugés, ayant des diamètres supérieurs à 5 m, par une méthode de mesurage externe de la distance électrooptique (MEOD, ou EODR en anglais), ainsi que pour l'établissement ultérieur des barèmes de jaugeage. La présente partie de l'ISO 7507 est applicable aux réservoirs à fond convexe ou concave, ainsi qu'aux réservoirs à fond plat.

Nafta in tekoči naftni proizvodi – Umerjanje navpičnih valjastih rezervoarjev – 5. del: Zunanja električno-optično distančno meritvena metoda

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
05-Jul-2000
Current Stage
9093 - International Standard confirmed
Start Date
07-Oct-2008
Completion Date
30-Sep-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
01-februar-2006

Nafta in tekoči naftni proizvodi – Umerjanje navpičnih valjastih rezervoarjev – 5.

del: Zunanja električno-optično distančno meritvena metoda

Petroleum and liquid petroleum products -- Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks -- Part

5: External electro-optical distance-ranging method

Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides -- Jaugeage des réservoirs cylindriques verticaux --

Partie 5: Méthode par mesurage électro-optique externe de la distance
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO 7507-5:2000
ICS:
75.180.30 Oprema za merjenje Volumetric equipment and
prostornine in merjenje measurements
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 7507-5
First edition
2000-07-01
Petroleum and liquid petroleum products —
Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —
Part 5:
External electro-optical distance-ranging
method
Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides — Jaugeage des réservoirs
cylindriques verticaux —
Partie 5: Méthode par mesurage électro-optique externe de la distance
Reference number
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
ISO 2000
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but shall not

be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In downloading this

file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat accepts no liability in this

area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation parameters

were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In the unlikely event

that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

© ISO 2000

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic

or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body

in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 � CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.ch
Web www.iso.ch
Printed in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2000 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
Contents Page

Foreword.....................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction.................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ..............................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................................................1

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................................1

4 Principle..........................................................................................................................................................2

5 Precautions ....................................................................................................................................................3

6 Equipment ......................................................................................................................................................3

7 General considerations.................................................................................................................................3

8 Determination of the number of stations ....................................................................................................4

9 Target-point positioning ...............................................................................................................................4

10 Instrument set-up...........................................................................................................................................5

11 Calibration procedure ...................................................................................................................................5

12 Tolerances......................................................................................................................................................8

13 Other measurements.....................................................................................................................................8

14 Calculation and development of capacity tables .......................................................................................8

Annex A (informative) Computation of tank calibration tables ..............................................................................9

Bibliography..............................................................................................................................................................11

© ISO 2000 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO

member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical

committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has

the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in

liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical

Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 3.

Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting.

Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this part of ISO 7507 may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard ISO 7507-5 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 28, Petroleum products and

lubricants, Subcommittee SC 3, Static petroleum measurement.

ISO 7507 consists of the following parts, under the general title Petroleum and liquid petroleum products —

Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks:
— Part 1: Strapping method
— Part 2: Optical-reference-line method
— Part 3: Optical-triangulation method
— Part 4: Internal electro-optical distance-ranging method
— Part 5: External electro-optical distance-ranging method

— Part 6: Recommendations for monitoring, checking and verification of tank calibration and capacity table

Annex A of this part of ISO 7507 is for information only.
iv © ISO 2000 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
Introduction

This International Standard forms part of a series on tank calibration methods including the following:

a) ISO 4269-1, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Tank calibration by liquid measurement —

Part 1: Incremental method using volumetric meters.

b) ISO 7507-1, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —

Part 1: Strapping method.

c) ISO 7507-2, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —

Part 2: Optical-reference-line method.

d) ISO 7507-3, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —

Part 3: Optical-triangulation method.

e) ISO 7507-4, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —

Part 4: Internal electro-optical distance-ranging method.

f) ISO 8311, Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids — Calibration of membrane tanks and independent prismatic

tanks in ships — Physical measurement.

g) ISO 9091-1, Refrigerated light-hydrocarbon fluids — Calibration of spherical tanks in ships —

Part 1: Stereo-photogrammetry.

h) ISO 9091-2, Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids — Calibration of spherical tanks in ships —

Part 2: Triangulation measurement.

The method is an alternative to other calibration methods such as the strapping method (ISO 7507-1), the optical-

reference-line method (ISO 7507-2), the optical-triangulation method (ISO 7507-3), and the internal electro-optical

distance-ranging method (ISO 7507-4).
© ISO 2000 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical
cylindrical tanks —
Part 5:
External electro-optical distance-ranging method
1 Scope

This part of ISO 7507 specifies a method for the calibration of non-insulated vertical cylindrical tanks having

diameters greater than 5 m, by means of external measurement using an electro-optical distance-ranging method

(EODR), and for the subsequent compilation of tank capacity tables.

This part of ISO 7507 is applicable to tanks with cone-up or cone-down bottoms as well as to tanks with flat

bottoms.
2 Normative references

The following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of

this part of ISO 7507. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications

do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this part of ISO 7507 are encouraged to investigate the

possibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For undated

references, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of ISO and IEC maintain

registers of currently valid International Standards.

ISO 4512:— , Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Equipment for measurement of liquid levels in storage

tanks — Manual methods.

ISO 7507-1:1993, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks — Part 1:

Strapping method.

ISO 7507-4:1995, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks — Part 4:

Internal electro-optical distance-ranging method.

IEC 60079-10:1995, Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres — Part 10: Classification of hazardous

areas.

IEC 60825-1:1998, Safety of laser products — Part 1: Equipment classification, requirements and user's guide.

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this part of ISO 7507, the terms and definitions given in ISO 7507-1 and ISO 7507-4 and the

following apply.
To be published.
© ISO 2000 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
3.1
“at” station
station currently occupied by the EODR instrument
3.2
“back” station

station to the rear of the "at" station presently occupied by the EODR instrument

3.3
bisect
sighting of the centre of a target through the telescope of a EODR instrument
3.4
changing face

rotation of both horizontal and vertical circles of the EODR instrument by 200 gon

3.5
“forward” station
station forward of the "at" station presently occupied by the EODR instrument
3.6
misclosure

difference between the sum of the horizontal angles measured between the various stations of a complete traverse

of the tank and the sum of the theoretical angles for the same traverse
3.7
station
position from which measurements of angles and slope distance are made
3.8
tribrach

device, set on a tripod, which, by adjusting three or more foot screws, is set in a horizontal plane and upon which

surveying instruments are mounted
4Principle

The tank and its surrounds are visually inspected and, having calculated the number of stations required, the siting

of the measurement stations is chosen.

Tripods, together with their respective measuring equipment, are placed at the initial stations. To establish the

position of the "at" station, angular and distance measurements are made from the initial "at" station to the initial

"back" and "forward" stations. Angular and distance measurements to the top and base of the tank are then taken

together with tangential angular measurements bisecting (3.3) the tank shell to the right and left of the station.

These measurements are made at the required positions on each course. The tripods at the initial "back" and "at"

stations are left in position to enable closure of the traverse on completion of the calibration.

From each of the subsequent, predetermined stations, angular and distance measurements to the top and base of

the tank are then taken, together with tangential angular measurements bisecting (3.3) the tank shell to the right

and left of the station.

In moving to each new station, the old "forward" station becomes the new "at" station and the old "at" station the

new "back" station. The final measurements are made from an "at" station which was the initial "back" station; the

final "forward" station is the initial "at" station.

These measurements, after any adjustments for misclosure, allow the calculation of three dimensional coordinates

which are fitted into a matrix describing the tank mathematically. The circumferences at the various vertical

positions on the tank shell are calculated from this information and the capacity table developed in accordance with

ISO 7507-1.
2 © ISO 2000 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
5 Precautions

The general and safety precautions contained in ISO 7507-1 shall apply to this part of ISO 7507.

In addition, the laser emitted by the distance ranging unit shall conform to IEC 60825-1 for a Class 1 or Class 2

laser.

The EODR instrument and other electrical equipment shall have a level of electrical protection appropriate for the

area cl
...

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 7507-5
First edition
2000-07-01
Petroleum and liquid petroleum products —
Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —
Part 5:
External electro-optical distance-ranging
method
Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides — Jaugeage des réservoirs
cylindriques verticaux —
Partie 5: Méthode par mesurage électro-optique externe de la distance
Reference number
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
ISO 2000
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but shall not

be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In downloading this

file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat accepts no liability in this

area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation parameters

were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In the unlikely event

that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

© ISO 2000

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic

or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body

in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 � CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.ch
Web www.iso.ch
Printed in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2000 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
Contents Page

Foreword.....................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction.................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ..............................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................................................1

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................................1

4 Principle..........................................................................................................................................................2

5 Precautions ....................................................................................................................................................3

6 Equipment ......................................................................................................................................................3

7 General considerations.................................................................................................................................3

8 Determination of the number of stations ....................................................................................................4

9 Target-point positioning ...............................................................................................................................4

10 Instrument set-up...........................................................................................................................................5

11 Calibration procedure ...................................................................................................................................5

12 Tolerances......................................................................................................................................................8

13 Other measurements.....................................................................................................................................8

14 Calculation and development of capacity tables .......................................................................................8

Annex A (informative) Computation of tank calibration tables ..............................................................................9

Bibliography..............................................................................................................................................................11

© ISO 2000 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO

member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical

committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has

the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in

liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical

Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 3.

Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting.

Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this part of ISO 7507 may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard ISO 7507-5 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 28, Petroleum products and

lubricants, Subcommittee SC 3, Static petroleum measurement.

ISO 7507 consists of the following parts, under the general title Petroleum and liquid petroleum products —

Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks:
— Part 1: Strapping method
— Part 2: Optical-reference-line method
— Part 3: Optical-triangulation method
— Part 4: Internal electro-optical distance-ranging method
— Part 5: External electro-optical distance-ranging method

— Part 6: Recommendations for monitoring, checking and verification of tank calibration and capacity table

Annex A of this part of ISO 7507 is for information only.
iv © ISO 2000 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
Introduction

This International Standard forms part of a series on tank calibration methods including the following:

a) ISO 4269-1, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Tank calibration by liquid measurement —

Part 1: Incremental method using volumetric meters.

b) ISO 7507-1, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —

Part 1: Strapping method.

c) ISO 7507-2, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —

Part 2: Optical-reference-line method.

d) ISO 7507-3, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —

Part 3: Optical-triangulation method.

e) ISO 7507-4, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —

Part 4: Internal electro-optical distance-ranging method.

f) ISO 8311, Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids — Calibration of membrane tanks and independent prismatic

tanks in ships — Physical measurement.

g) ISO 9091-1, Refrigerated light-hydrocarbon fluids — Calibration of spherical tanks in ships —

Part 1: Stereo-photogrammetry.

h) ISO 9091-2, Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids — Calibration of spherical tanks in ships —

Part 2: Triangulation measurement.

The method is an alternative to other calibration methods such as the strapping method (ISO 7507-1), the optical-

reference-line method (ISO 7507-2), the optical-triangulation method (ISO 7507-3), and the internal electro-optical

distance-ranging method (ISO 7507-4).
© ISO 2000 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical
cylindrical tanks —
Part 5:
External electro-optical distance-ranging method
1 Scope

This part of ISO 7507 specifies a method for the calibration of non-insulated vertical cylindrical tanks having

diameters greater than 5 m, by means of external measurement using an electro-optical distance-ranging method

(EODR), and for the subsequent compilation of tank capacity tables.

This part of ISO 7507 is applicable to tanks with cone-up or cone-down bottoms as well as to tanks with flat

bottoms.
2 Normative references

The following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of

this part of ISO 7507. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications

do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this part of ISO 7507 are encouraged to investigate the

possibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For undated

references, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of ISO and IEC maintain

registers of currently valid International Standards.

ISO 4512:— , Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Equipment for measurement of liquid levels in storage

tanks — Manual methods.

ISO 7507-1:1993, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks — Part 1:

Strapping method.

ISO 7507-4:1995, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks — Part 4:

Internal electro-optical distance-ranging method.

IEC 60079-10:1995, Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres — Part 10: Classification of hazardous

areas.

IEC 60825-1:1998, Safety of laser products — Part 1: Equipment classification, requirements and user's guide.

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this part of ISO 7507, the terms and definitions given in ISO 7507-1 and ISO 7507-4 and the

following apply.
To be published.
© ISO 2000 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
3.1
“at” station
station currently occupied by the EODR instrument
3.2
“back” station

station to the rear of the "at" station presently occupied by the EODR instrument

3.3
bisect
sighting of the centre of a target through the telescope of a EODR instrument
3.4
changing face

rotation of both horizontal and vertical circles of the EODR instrument by 200 gon

3.5
“forward” station
station forward of the "at" station presently occupied by the EODR instrument
3.6
misclosure

difference between the sum of the horizontal angles measured between the various stations of a complete traverse

of the tank and the sum of the theoretical angles for the same traverse
3.7
station
position from which measurements of angles and slope distance are made
3.8
tribrach

device, set on a tripod, which, by adjusting three or more foot screws, is set in a horizontal plane and upon which

surveying instruments are mounted
4Principle

The tank and its surrounds are visually inspected and, having calculated the number of stations required, the siting

of the measurement stations is chosen.

Tripods, together with their respective measuring equipment, are placed at the initial stations. To establish the

position of the "at" station, angular and distance measurements are made from the initial "at" station to the initial

"back" and "forward" stations. Angular and distance measurements to the top and base of the tank are then taken

together with tangential angular measurements bisecting (3.3) the tank shell to the right and left of the station.

These measurements are made at the required positions on each course. The tripods at the initial "back" and "at"

stations are left in position to enable closure of the traverse on completion of the calibration.

From each of the subsequent, predetermined stations, angular and distance measurements to the top and base of

the tank are then taken, together with tangential angular measurements bisecting (3.3) the tank shell to the right

and left of the station.

In moving to each new station, the old "forward" station becomes the new "at" station and the old "at" station the

new "back" station. The final measurements are made from an "at" station which was the initial "back" station; the

final "forward" station is the initial "at" station.

These measurements, after any adjustments for misclosure, allow the calculation of three dimensional coordinates

which are fitted into a matrix describing the tank mathematically. The circumferences at the various vertical

positions on the tank shell are calculated from this information and the capacity table developed in accordance with

ISO 7507-1.
2 © ISO 2000 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
5 Precautions

The general and safety precautions contained in ISO 7507-1 shall apply to this part of ISO 7507.

In addition, the laser emitted by the distance ranging unit shall conform to IEC 60825-1 for a Class 1 or Class 2

laser.

The EODR instrument and other electrical equipment shall have a level of electrical protection appropriate for the

area classification of the location of the tank to be calibrated. (See IEC 60079-10.)

6 Equipment
6.1 Electro-optical distance-ranging instrument

The angular and distance-measuring parts of the instrument shall conform to 5.1 of ISO 7507-4:1995.

6.2 Single-corner cubic prisms, (for use as target prisms) mounted on a prism holder

NOTE The prism holder should be mounted on a ranging pole or a tribrach mounted on a tripod.

6.3 Tribrach
A minimum of five are required.
6.4 Tripod
A minimum of five are required.
6.5 Ranging pole
6.6 Self-adhesive retro-reflective tape
NOTE The externa
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
01-februar-2006

1DIWDLQWHNRþLQDIWQLSURL]YRGL±8PHUMDQMHQDYSLþQLKYDOMDVWLKUH]HUYRDUMHY±

GHO=XQDQMDHOHNWULþQRRSWLþQRGLVWDQþQRPHULWYHQDPHWRGD

Petroleum and liquid petroleum products -- Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks -- Part

5: External electro-optical distance-ranging method

Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides -- Jaugeage des réservoirs cylindriques verticaux --

Partie 5: Méthode par mesurage électro-optique externe de la distance
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO 7507-5:2000
ICS:
75.180.30 Oprema za merjenje Volumetric equipment and
prostornine in merjenje measurements
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 7507-5
First edition
2000-07-01
Petroleum and liquid petroleum products —
Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —
Part 5:
External electro-optical distance-ranging
method
Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides — Jaugeage des réservoirs
cylindriques verticaux —
Partie 5: Méthode par mesurage électro-optique externe de la distance
Reference number
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
ISO 2000
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but shall not

be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In downloading this

file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat accepts no liability in this

area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation parameters

were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In the unlikely event

that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

© ISO 2000

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic

or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body

in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 � CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.ch
Web www.iso.ch
Printed in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2000 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
Contents Page

Foreword.....................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction.................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ..............................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................................................1

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................................1

4 Principle..........................................................................................................................................................2

5 Precautions ....................................................................................................................................................3

6 Equipment ......................................................................................................................................................3

7 General considerations.................................................................................................................................3

8 Determination of the number of stations ....................................................................................................4

9 Target-point positioning ...............................................................................................................................4

10 Instrument set-up...........................................................................................................................................5

11 Calibration procedure ...................................................................................................................................5

12 Tolerances......................................................................................................................................................8

13 Other measurements.....................................................................................................................................8

14 Calculation and development of capacity tables .......................................................................................8

Annex A (informative) Computation of tank calibration tables ..............................................................................9

Bibliography..............................................................................................................................................................11

© ISO 2000 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO

member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical

committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has

the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in

liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical

Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 3.

Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting.

Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this part of ISO 7507 may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard ISO 7507-5 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 28, Petroleum products and

lubricants, Subcommittee SC 3, Static petroleum measurement.

ISO 7507 consists of the following parts, under the general title Petroleum and liquid petroleum products —

Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks:
— Part 1: Strapping method
— Part 2: Optical-reference-line method
— Part 3: Optical-triangulation method
— Part 4: Internal electro-optical distance-ranging method
— Part 5: External electro-optical distance-ranging method

— Part 6: Recommendations for monitoring, checking and verification of tank calibration and capacity table

Annex A of this part of ISO 7507 is for information only.
iv © ISO 2000 – All rights reserved
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SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
Introduction

This International Standard forms part of a series on tank calibration methods including the following:

a) ISO 4269-1, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Tank calibration by liquid measurement —

Part 1: Incremental method using volumetric meters.

b) ISO 7507-1, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —

Part 1: Strapping method.

c) ISO 7507-2, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —

Part 2: Optical-reference-line method.

d) ISO 7507-3, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —

Part 3: Optical-triangulation method.

e) ISO 7507-4, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks —

Part 4: Internal electro-optical distance-ranging method.

f) ISO 8311, Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids — Calibration of membrane tanks and independent prismatic

tanks in ships — Physical measurement.

g) ISO 9091-1, Refrigerated light-hydrocarbon fluids — Calibration of spherical tanks in ships —

Part 1: Stereo-photogrammetry.

h) ISO 9091-2, Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids — Calibration of spherical tanks in ships —

Part 2: Triangulation measurement.

The method is an alternative to other calibration methods such as the strapping method (ISO 7507-1), the optical-

reference-line method (ISO 7507-2), the optical-triangulation method (ISO 7507-3), and the internal electro-optical

distance-ranging method (ISO 7507-4).
© ISO 2000 – All rights reserved v
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SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
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SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical
cylindrical tanks —
Part 5:
External electro-optical distance-ranging method
1 Scope

This part of ISO 7507 specifies a method for the calibration of non-insulated vertical cylindrical tanks having

diameters greater than 5 m, by means of external measurement using an electro-optical distance-ranging method

(EODR), and for the subsequent compilation of tank capacity tables.

This part of ISO 7507 is applicable to tanks with cone-up or cone-down bottoms as well as to tanks with flat

bottoms.
2 Normative references

The following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of

this part of ISO 7507. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications

do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this part of ISO 7507 are encouraged to investigate the

possibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For undated

references, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of ISO and IEC maintain

registers of currently valid International Standards.

ISO 4512:— , Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Equipment for measurement of liquid levels in storage

tanks — Manual methods.

ISO 7507-1:1993, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks — Part 1:

Strapping method.

ISO 7507-4:1995, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical cylindrical tanks — Part 4:

Internal electro-optical distance-ranging method.

IEC 60079-10:1995, Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres — Part 10: Classification of hazardous

areas.

IEC 60825-1:1998, Safety of laser products — Part 1: Equipment classification, requirements and user's guide.

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this part of ISO 7507, the terms and definitions given in ISO 7507-1 and ISO 7507-4 and the

following apply.
To be published.
© ISO 2000 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
3.1
“at” station
station currently occupied by the EODR instrument
3.2
“back” station

station to the rear of the "at" station presently occupied by the EODR instrument

3.3
bisect
sighting of the centre of a target through the telescope of a EODR instrument
3.4
changing face

rotation of both horizontal and vertical circles of the EODR instrument by 200 gon

3.5
“forward” station
station forward of the "at" station presently occupied by the EODR instrument
3.6
misclosure

difference between the sum of the horizontal angles measured between the various stations of a complete traverse

of the tank and the sum of the theoretical angles for the same traverse
3.7
station
position from which measurements of angles and slope distance are made
3.8
tribrach

device, set on a tripod, which, by adjusting three or more foot screws, is set in a horizontal plane and upon which

surveying instruments are mounted
4Principle

The tank and its surrounds are visually inspected and, having calculated the number of stations required, the siting

of the measurement stations is chosen.

Tripods, together with their respective measuring equipment, are placed at the initial stations. To establish the

position of the "at" station, angular and distance measurements are made from the initial "at" station to the initial

"back" and "forward" stations. Angular and distance measurements to the top and base of the tank are then taken

together with tangential angular measurements bisecting (3.3) the tank shell to the right and left of the station.

These measurements are made at the required positions on each course. The tripods at the initial "back" and "at"

stations are left in position to enable closure of the traverse on completion of the calibration.

From each of the subsequent, predetermined stations, angular and distance measurements to the top and base of

the tank are then taken, together with tangential angular measurements bisecting (3.3) the tank shell to the right

and left of the station.

In moving to each new station, the old "forward" station becomes the new "at" station and the old "at" station the

new "back" station. The final measurements are made from an "at" station which was the initial "back" station; the

final "forward" station is the initial "at" station.

These measurements, after any adjustments for misclosure, allow the calculation of three dimensional coordinates

which are fitted into a matrix describing the tank mathematically. The circumferences at the various vertical

positions on the tank shell are calculated from this information and the capacity table developed in accordance with

ISO 7507-1.
2 © ISO 2000 – All rights reserved
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SIST ISO 7507-5:2006
ISO 7507-5:2000(E)
5 Precautions

The general and safety precautions contained in ISO 7507-1 shall apply to this part of ISO 7507.

In addition, the laser emitted by the distance ranging unit shall conform to IEC 60825-1 for a Class 1 or Class 2

laser.

The EODR instrument and other electrical equipment shall have a level of electrical protection appropriate for the

area cl
...

NORME ISO
INTERNATIONALE 7507-5
Première édition
2000-07-01
Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides —
Jaugeage des réservoirs cylindriques
verticaux —
Partie 5:
Méthode par mesurage électro-optique
externe de la distance
Petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Calibration of vertical
cylindrical tanks —
Part 5: External electro-optical distance-ranging method
Numéro de référence
ISO 7507-5:2000(F)
ISO 2000
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 7507-5:2000(F)
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ii © ISO 2000 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 7507-5:2000(F)
Sommaire Page

Avant-propos..............................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction.................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Domaine d'application...................................................................................................................................1

2Références normatives .................................................................................................................................1

3Termesetdéfinitions.....................................................................................................................................1

4 Principe...........................................................................................................................................................2

5 Mesuresdesécurité ......................................................................................................................................3

6 Appareillage ...................................................................................................................................................3

7Caractéristiques générales...........................................................................................................................4

8Détermination du nombre de points de station..........................................................................................4

9 Positionnement du point de visée ...............................................................................................................4

10 Installation des instruments.........................................................................................................................5

11 Procédure de jaugeage .................................................................................................................................6

12 Tolérances......................................................................................................................................................8

13 Autres mesurages..........................................................................................................................................8

14 Calcul et établissement des barèmes de jaugeage....................................................................................8

Annexe A (informative) Calcul des barèmes de jaugeage ......................................................................................9

Bibliographie .............................................................................................................................................................11

© ISO 2000 – Tous droits réservés iii
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ISO 7507-5:2000(F)
Avant-propos

L'ISO (Organisation internationale de normalisation) est une fédération mondiale d'organismes nationaux de

normalisation (comités membres de l'ISO). L'élaboration des Normes internationales est en général confiéeaux

comités techniques de l'ISO. Chaque comité membre intéressé par une étude aledroit de fairepartie ducomité

technique créé à cet effet. Les organisations internationales, gouvernementales et non gouvernementales, en

liaison avec l'ISO participent également aux travaux. L'ISO collabore étroitement avec la Commission

électrotechnique internationale (CEI) en ce qui concerne la normalisation électrotechnique.

Les Normes internationales sont rédigées conformément aux règles données dans les Directives ISO/CEI, Partie 3.

Les projets de Normes internationales adoptés par les comités techniques sont soumis aux comités membres pour

vote. Leur publication comme Normes internationales requiert l'approbation de 75 % au moins des comités

membres votants.

L’attention est appelée sur le fait que certains des éléments delaprésente partie de l’ISO 7507 peuvent faire

l’objet de droits de propriété intellectuelle ou de droits analogues. L’ISO ne saurait être tenue pour responsable de

ne pas avoir identifié de tels droits de propriété et averti de leur existence.

La Norme internationale ISO 7507-5 a étéélaboréepar le comité technique ISO/TC 28, Produits pétroliers et

lubrifiants, sous-comité SC 3, Mesurage statique du pétrole.

L'ISO 7507 comprend les parties suivantes, présentées sous le titre général Pétrole et produits pétroliers

liquides — Jaugeage des réservoirs cylindriques verticaux:
— Partie 1: Méthode par ceinturage
— Partie 2: Méthode par ligne de référence optique
— Partie 3: Méthode par triangulation optique
— Partie 4: Méthode par mesurage électro-optiqueinternedeladistance
— Partie5: Méthode par mesurage électro-optique externe de la distance

— Partie 6: Recommandations relatives à la surveillance, au contrôle et à la vérification du jaugeage des

réservoirs et des tables de jaugeage

L'annexe A de la présente partie de l’ISO 7507 est donnée uniquement à titre d’information.

iv © ISO 2000 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 7507-5:2000(F)
Introduction

La présente Norme internationale fait partie d’un ensemble de méthodes de jaugeage de réservoirs, qui comprend

la liste suivante:

a) ISO 4269-1, Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides — Jaugeage des réservoirs par épalement — Partie 1:

Méthode incrémentale utilisant des compteurs volumétriques.

b) ISO 7507-1, Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides — Jaugeage des réservoirs cylindriques verticaux —

Partie 1: Méthode par ceinturage.

c) ISO 7507-2, Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides — Jaugeage des réservoirs cylindriques verticaux —

Partie 2: Méthode par ligne de référence optique.

d) ISO 7507-3, Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides — Jaugeage des réservoirs cylindriques verticaux —

Partie 3: Méthode par triangulation optique.

e) ISO 7507-4, Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides — Jaugeage des réservoirs cylindriques verticaux —

Partie 4: Méthode par mesurage électro-optique interne de la distance.

f) ISO 8311, Hydrocarbures légers réfrigérés —Étalonnage des réservoirs à membrane et réservoirs

pyramidaux — Mesurage physique.

g) ISO 9091-1, Hydrocarbures légers réfrigérés — Jaugeage des réservoirs sphériques à bord des navires —

Partie 1: Stéréo-photogrammétrie.

h) ISO 9091-2, Hydrocarbures légers réfrigérés — Jaugeage des réservoirs sphériques à bord des navires —

Partie 2: Méthode par triangulation.

La présente méthode est une alternative à d’autres méthodes de jaugeage telles que la méthode par ceinturage

(ISO 7507-1), la méthode par ligne de référence optique (ISO 7507-2), la méthode par triangulation optique

(ISO 7507-3) et la méthode par mesurage électro-optique interne de la distance (ISO 7507-4).

© ISO 2000 – Tous droits réservés v
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NORME INTERNATIONALE ISO 7507-5:2000(F)
Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides — Jaugeage des réservoirs
cylindriques verticaux —
Partie 5:
Méthode par mesurage électro-optique externe de la distance
1 Domaine d'application

La présente partiedel'ISO7507spécifie une méthode pour le jaugeage de réservoirs cylindriques verticaux non

calorifugés, ayant des diamètres supérieurs à 5 m, par une méthode de mesurage externe de la distance électro-

optique (MEOD, ou EODR en anglais), ainsi que pour l'établissement ultérieur des barèmes de jaugeage.

La présente partie de l'ISO 7507 est applicable aux réservoirs à fond convexe ou concave, ainsi qu’aux réservoirs

à fond plat.
2Références normatives

Les documents normatifs suivants contiennent des dispositions qui, par suite de la référence qui y est faite,

constituent des dispositions valables pour la présente partie de l'ISO 7507. Pour les références datées, les

amendements ultérieurs ou les révisions de ces publications ne s’appliquent pas. Toutefois, les parties prenantes

aux accords fondés sur la présentepartiedel'ISO7507sont invitées à rechercher la possibilité d'appliquer les

éditions les plus récentes des documents normatifs indiqués ci-après. Pour les références non datées, la dernière

édition du document normatif en référence s’applique. Les membres de l'ISO et de la CEI possèdent le registre des

Normes internationales en vigueur.

ISO 4512:— , Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides — Appareils de mesurage de niveau des liquides dans les

citernes — Méthodes manuelles.

ISO 7507-1:1993, Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides — Jaugeage des réservoirs cylindriques verticaux —

Partie 1: Méthode par ceinturage.

ISO 7507-4:1995, Pétrole et produits pétroliers liquides — Jaugeage des réservoirs cylindriques verticaux —

Partie 4: Méthode par mesurage électro-optique interne de la distance.

CEI 60079-10:1995, Matériel électrique pour atmosphères explosives gazeuses — Partie 10: Classification des

régions dangereuses.

CEI 60825-1:1998, Sécurité des appareils à laser — Partie 1: Classification des matériels, prescriptions et guide de

l'utilisateur.
3 Termes et définitions

Pour les besoins de la présente partie de l'ISO 7507, les termes et définitions donnés dans l’ISO 7507-1 et

l’ISO 7507-4 ainsi que les suivants s'appliquent.
1) À publier.
© ISO 2000 – Tous droits réservés 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 7507-5:2000(F)
3.1
station en cours
station occupéepar l’instrument MEOD
3.2
station précédente

station précédent la station en cours qui est actuellement occupée par l’instrument MEOD

3.3
visée
visée d'une cible à travers la lunette d’un instrument MEOD
3.4
retournement
rotation de 200 gon des cercles horizontaux et verticaux de l’instrument MEOD
3.5
station suivante
station suivant la station en cours actuellement occupée par l’instrument MEOD
3.6
écart de fermeture

différence entre la somme des angles horizontaux mesurés entre les différents points de station lors d’un

cheminement complet autour du réservoir, et la somme des angles théoriques pour le même cheminement

3.7
station

position à partir de laquelle les mesures d’angles et de distances obliques sont effectuées

3.8
embase

dispositif, installé sur un trépied, placé sur un plan horizontal par ajustement de trois vis de réglageouplus, et sur

lequel les instruments de topographie sont montés
4Principe

Le réservoir et ses alentours sont inspectés visuellement, et aprèsavoir établi le nombre de points de station

nécessaires, l’emplacement des points de station est sélectionné.

Les trépieds et leur équipement respectif de mesurage sont placés aux points de station origines. Les mesures

d’angles et de distance sont effectuées à partir du point de station «stationencours» jusqu’aux points de station

«station précédente» et «station suivante»,afin d’établir la position de la «station en cours». Les mesurages des

angles et de la distance à la partie supérieure et à la base du réservoir sont effectués en une fois, ainsi que les

mesurages tangentiels d’angle de visée (3.3) de la paroi du réservoir à droite et à gauche du point de station. Ces

mesurages sont effectués pour chaque virole aux emplacements adéquats. Les trépieds aux points de «station

précédente» et «station en cours» sont laissés en place pour s’assurer que le cheminement aura été complet à la

fin du jaugeage.

À partir de chaque point de station ainsi déterminéà l’avance, le mesurage des angles et des distances au bord

supérieur et à la baseduréservoir est effectué,enmême temps que les mesurages angulaires qui visent

tangentiellement la paroi du réservoir à droite et à gauche du point de station.

En se déplaçant sur chaque nouvelle station, l’ancien point de station «arrière» devient la «station en cours»,et

l’ancien emplacement «station en cours» devient le point de «station avant». Le dernier mesurage à partir de la

«station en cours» qui était auparavant le point de «station précédente» est effectué, la dernière «station suivante»

est maintenant la «station en cours» initiale.
2 © ISO 2000 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 7507-5:2000(F)

Aprèsavoir été corrigésde l’écart de fermeture, les mesurages, qui permettent de calculer les coordonnées en

trois dimensions, sont inscrits dans un tableau qui est la description mathématique du réservoir. C’est à partir de

ces informations que les circonférences sont calculées à différents points verticaux de la robe du réservoir, et le

barème du réservoir est établi conformément à l'ISO 7507-1.
5 Mesuresdesécurité

L'ensemble des précautions, en particulier en matière de sécurité, qui est donné dans l'ISO 7507-1 doit s’appliquer

à la présente partie de l’ISO 7507.

En outre, le rayon laser émis par le dispositif de mesurage de la distance doit être conforme à la CEI 60825-1 pour

un laser de classe 1 ou un laser de classe 2.

L’instrument de MEOD et tout autre équipement électrique doivent avoir un niveau de protection électrique

approprié pour la classification de la zone correspondant à l’emplacement du réservoir à jauger. (Voir la

CEI 60079-10.)
6 Appareillage
6.1 Appareil de mesure de la distance électro-optique

Les parties de l’instrument dédiées au mesurage angulaire et au mesurage de la distance doivent être conformes

au paragraphe 5.1 de l’ISO 7507-4:1995.

6.2 Prismes cubiques à angle unique (utilisés en tant que prismes cibles) montés sur un

porte-prisme

NOTE Il est conseillé de monter le porte-prisme sur une embase ou sur une canne, elle-même montée sur un trépied.

6.3 Embase
Il en faut au moins cinq.
6.4 Trépied
Il en faut au moins cinq.
6.5 Canne
6.6 Ruban adhésif réfléchissant

NOTE Il convient que la surface soit revêtue de petits prismes ou de petites facettes.

6.7 Équipem
...

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