Information technology -- Sensor networks: Sensor Network Reference Architecture (SNRA)

ISO/IEC 29182-7:2015 provides a general overview and guidelines for achieving interoperability between sensor network services and related entities in a heterogeneous sensor network.

Technologies de l'information -- Réseaux de capteurs: Architecture de référence pour réseaux de capteurs

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Status
Published
Publication Date
08-Feb-2015
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
29-Aug-2014
Completion Date
09-Feb-2015
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ISO/IEC 29182-7:2015 - Information technology -- Sensor networks: Sensor Network Reference Architecture (SNRA)
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 29182-7
First edition
2015-02-15
Information technology — Sensor
networks: Sensor Network Reference
Architecture (SNRA) —
Part 7:
Interoperability guidelines
Technologies de l’information — Réseaux de capteurs: Architecture de
référence pour réseaux de capteurs —
Partie 7: Lignes directrices pour l’interopérabilité
Reference number
ISO/IEC 29182-7:2015(E)
ISO/IEC 2015
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 29182-7:2015(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2015

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 29182-7:2015(E)

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Symbols (and abbreviated terms) ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

5 Overview of interoperability between heterogeneous sensor networks ..................................................2

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.2 Interoperability in sensor network service framework ...................................................................................... 2

6 Guidelines for interoperability between heterogeneous sensor networks ............................................4

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2 Interoperability between the user and the service provider (Interface 1) ......................................... 5

6.3 Interoperability between the gateway and the service provider (Interface 3) ............................... 5

6.4 Interoperability between the sensor network and the gateway (Interface 4) ................................. 7

6.5 Interoperability between sensor nodes (Interface 5) ........................................................................................... 7

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

© ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/IEC 29182-7:2015(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical

activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the

work. In the field of information technology, ISO and IEC have established a joint technical committee,

ISO/IEC JTC 1.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of the joint technical committee is to prepare International Standards. Draft International

Standards adopted by the joint technical committee are circulated to national bodies for voting.

Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the national bodies

casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO/IEC 29182-7 was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology.

ISO/IEC 29182 consists of the following parts, under the general title Information technology — Sensor

networks: Sensor Network Reference Architecture (SNRA):
— Part 1: General overview and requirements
— Part 2: Vocabulary and terminology
— Part 3: Reference architecture views
— Part 4: Entity models
— Part 5: Interface definitions
— Part 6: Applications
— Part 7: Interoperability guidelines
iv © ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 29182-7:2015(E)
Introduction

A wide range of applications has been proposed for sensor networks. In practice, however, sensor

networks have been built and deployed for a relatively small number of applications. This is partly

due to the lack of a business case for certain applications and partly due to technical challenges in

building a non-trivial sensor network of reasonable complexity. The main reason for this impediment

is multi-disciplinary expertise — such as sensors, communications and networking, signal processing,

electronics, computing, and cyber security is required to design a sensor network. Presently, the design

process is so complex that one can leverage little from one sensor network design to another. It appears as

if one has to start from almost scratch every time one wishes to design and deploy a sensor network. Yet,

upon closer inspection, there are many commonalities in instantiations of sensor networks that realize

various applications. These commonalities include similarities in the choice of network architecture and

the entities/functional blocks that are used in the architecture.
The purpose of the ISO/IEC 29182 series is to
— provide guidance to facilitate the design and development of sensor networks,
— improve interoperability of sensor networks, and

— make sensor networks plug-and-play, so that it becomes fairly easy to add/remove sensor nodes

to/from an existing sensor network.

The ISO/IEC 29182 series can be used by sensor network designers, software developers, and service

providers to meet customer requirements, including any applicable interoperability requirements.

The ISO/IEC 29182 series is comprised of seven parts. Brief descriptions of these parts are given next.

ISO/IEC 29182-1 provides a general overview and the requirements for the sensor network reference

architecture.

ISO/IEC 29182-2 provides definitions for the terminology and vocabulary used in the reference

architecture.

ISO/IEC 29182-3 presents the reference architecture from various viewpoints, such as business,

operational, system, technical, functional, and logical views.

ISO/IEC 29182-4 categorizes the entities comprising the reference architecture into two classes of

physical and functional entities and presents models for the entities.

ISO/IEC 29182-5:2013 provides detailed information on the interfaces among various entities in the

reference architecture.

ISO/IEC 29182-6 provides detailed information on the development of International Standardized Profiles.

ISO/IEC 29182-7 provides design principles for the reference architecture that take the interoperability

requirements into account.

There are no requirements for compliance in ISO/IEC 29182-1 to ISO/IEC 29182-7. Users are to ensure

that the sensor nodes and the related sensor network are compliant with the application or deployment

governing body.
© ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 29182-7:2015(E)
Information technology — Sensor networks: Sensor
Network Reference Architecture (SNRA) —
Part 7:
Interoperability guidelines
1 Scope

This part of ISO/IEC 29182 provides a general overview and guidelines for achieving interoperability

between sensor network services and related entities in a heterogeneous sensor network.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 29182-1, Information technology — Sensor networks: Sensor Network Reference Architecture

(SNRA) — Part 1: General overview and requirements

ISO/IEC 29182-2, Information technology — Sensor networks: Sensor Network Reference Architecture

(SNRA) — Part 2: Vocabulary and terminology

ISO/IEC 29182-5:2013, Information technology — Sensor networks: Sensor Network Reference Architecture

(SNRA) — Part 5: Interface definitions
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 29182-2 apply.

4 Symbols (and abbreviated terms)
This part of ISO/IEC 29182 uses the following abbreviations and acronyms.
ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
API Application Programming Interface
GSM Global System for Mobile Communication
ICT Information and Communication Technologies
SNRA Sensor Network Reference Architecture
TCP/IP Transfer Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
UWB Ultra Wideband
WCDMA Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
© ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO/IEC 29182-7:2015(E)
5 Overview of interoperability between heterogeneous sensor networks
5.1 General

A sensor network is a system of spatially distributed sensor nodes interacting with each other and,

depending on applications, with ICT infrastructures, in order to acquire, process, and provide information

about the physical world and optionally react to such information [ISO/IEC 29182-1].

There are many different sensor network applications in a variety of domains such as environment

monitoring, logistics management, industrial automation, intelligent highway system, and perimeter

protection. From one sensor network service domain to another, significant differences exist in service

requirements, service types, processing functions, interfaces, operational attributes, data formats, and

so on. These differences influence the interoperability of sensor networks.

Due to these differences, a sensor network may be classified into two different types of sensor network,

a homogeneous sensor network and a heterogeneous sensor network.

The differentiation of the homogeneous and heterogeneous sensor networks can be viewed from sensor

type perspective and from communication protocol perspective. From the sensor type perspective,

the homogeneous sensor networks can be classified as having the same type or functionally identical

sensor nodes while the heterogeneous sensor networks can be classified as having different types or

functionally different sensor nodes. From the communication protocol perspective, the homogeneous

sensor networks can be classified as having the same or interoperable protocols while the heterogeneous

sensor networks can be classified as having different or not interoperable types of protocols. In this

standard, the communication protocol perspective is used to differentiate the types of sensor networks.

The typical difference is the communication protocol. There are various communication protocols for

sensor networks, such as IEEE 802.15.4x series, IETF 6LoWPAN, ZigBee, Bluetooth, and UWB.

From the communication protocol perspective, homogeneous sensor networks are by definition

interoperable with each other, because they use the same communication protocol between entities

of their service domains. On the other hand, heterogeneous sensor networks are not able to interwork

with each other due to the differentiation of the communication protocols they use.

...

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