Traditional Chinese medicine -- Ginseng seeds and seedlings

ISO 17217-1:2014 specifies minimum requirements and test methods for ginseng seeds and seedlings, Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer. It is suitable for marketing of cultivated ginseng seeds and seedlings, P. ginseng C.A. Meyer. It is also suitable for quality assurance for ginseng cultivators.

Médecine traditionnelle chinoise -- Graines de ginseng et semis

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
21-Apr-2014
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
27-Feb-2014
Completion Date
22-Apr-2014
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ISO 17217-1:2014 - Traditional Chinese medicine -- Ginseng seeds and seedlings
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 17217-1
First edition
2014-04-15
Traditional Chinese medicine —
Ginseng seeds and seedlings —
Part 1:
Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer
Médecine traditionnelle chinoise — Graines de ginseng et semis —
Partie 1: Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer
Reference number
ISO 17217-1:2014(E)
ISO 2014
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 17217-1:2014(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2014

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 17217-1:2014(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Descriptions .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 General characteristics ..................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2 Ginseng seed ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.3 Ginseng seedling .................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6 Sampling ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

7 Test methods ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

7.1 Moisture content ................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

7.2 Seed width .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

7.3 Plumpness ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

7.4 Maturity ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

7.5 Purity ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.6 Seed viability............................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.7 100-seed weight..................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.8 Fungus testing ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.9 Nematode testing .................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

7.10 Seedling weight ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

8 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

9 Packaging, storage and transportation ......................................................................................................................................... 9

10 Marking .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 17217-1:2014(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 249, Traditional Chinese medicine.

ISO 17217 consists of the following parts, under the general title Traditional Chinese medicine — Ginseng

seeds and seedlings:
— Part 1: Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer
iv © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 17217-1:2014(E)
Traditional Chinese medicine — Ginseng seeds and
seedlings —
Part 1:
Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer
1 Scope

This part of ISO 17217 specifies minimum requirements and test methods for ginseng seeds and

seedlings, Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer. It is suitable for marketing of cultivated ginseng seeds and seedlings,

P. ginseng C.A. Meyer. It is also suitable for quality assurance for ginseng cultivators.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

International Seed Testing Association (ISTA), International Rules for Seed Testing

International Seed Testing Association (ISTA), Working Sheets on Tetrazolium testing

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
seed lot
specified quantity of seed that is physically and uniquely identifiable
[SOURCE: ISTA, International Rules for Seed Testing, definition 2.2.1]
3.2
primary sample
portion taken from the seed lot during one single sampling action
[SOURCE: ISTA, International Rules for Seed Testing, definition 2.2.2]
3.3
composite sample
formed by combining and mixing all the primary samples taken from the seed lot
[SOURCE: ISTA, International Rules for Seed Testing, definition 2.2.3]
3.4
subsample
portion of primary a sample obtained by reducing a sample
[SOURCE: ISTA, International Rules for Seed Testing, definition 2.2.4]
© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 17217-1:2014(E)
3.5
submitted sample

sample to be submitted to the testing laboratory that comprises either the whole of the composite

sample or a subsample

Note 1 to entry: The submitted sample can be divided into subsamples, packed in different materials meeting

conditions, for specific tests (e.g. moisture or health).
[SOURCE: ISTA, International Rules for Seed Testing, definition 2.2.5]
3.6
working sample

entire submitted sample or subsample to which one of the quality tests described in the ISTA Rules is

applied and which has at least the weight prescribed by the ISTA Rules for the particular test

[SOURCE: ISTA, International Rules for Seed Testing, definition 2.2.7]
3.7
sealed

condition whereby a container which contains seeds is closed in such a way that it cannot be opened

to get access to the seed and be closed again without either destroying the seal or leaving evidence of

tampering

Note 1 to entry: This definition refers to the sealing of seed lots, as well as of seed samples.

[SOURCE: ISTA, International Rules for Seed Testing, definition 2.2.8]
3.8
purity

weight percentage of pure seed fraction over the total weight of the working sample, in percent

Note 1 to entry: The pure seed refers to the species stated by the applicant, or found to predominate in the test,

and includes all botanical varieties and cultivars of that species.
[SOURCE: ISTA, International Rules for Seed Testing, definition 3.2.1]
3.9
seed width

largest distance(see Figure 1) from the side of raphe to its opposite, in millimetre

3.10
plump seed
seeds with a kernel to cavity ratio of not less than 3:4

Note 1 to entry: The plumpness of a single seed in this standard is estimated with its area ratio of the kernel to the

cavity in the cross section when the seed is cut longitudinally through the raphe (see Figure 1).

3.11
plumpness
index to show the development of kernels of seeds in a seed lot

Note 1 to entry: It is expressed as the percentage of the plump seeds, determined by number, in the working

sample.
3.12
mature seed
seed with an embryo that is pyriform or saddle in the shape
3.13
maturity
...

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