This document specifies the general principles and basic requirements of design for small hydropower (SHP) projects up to 30 MWe, mainly including hydrology, geology, energy calculations, project layout, hydraulics, electromechanical equipment selection, construction planning, project cost estimates, economic appraisal, social and environmental assessments. Application of this document is intended to be site specific, with the principles and requirements of design applied in accordance with the needs of proposed hydropower plant.

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This document establishes a set of common definitions related to women's entrepreneurship, such as those for women-owned business and women-led business. This document also defines women-led cooperatives and women-led informal enterprises. These definitions can be used, for example, in women's economic empowerment programmes (such as procurement and trade programmes) and for the collection of internationally comparable data on women's entrepreneurship (including the impact on local and national economies). This document also provides criteria for evaluating important factors related to these definitions, such as ownership, management, and control, as well as how to handle dilution by investment. NOTE If an enterprise cannot be categorized according to the definitions given in this document, it does not necessarily mean that the enterprise is male-owned or male-led. This document does not provide recommendations on how to initiate programmes based on the definitions and criteria, for example on public procurement. In addition, this document does not address issues such as how to promote conformity assessment.

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This document provides guidance on developing and using a measurement model and also covers the assessment of the adequacy of a measurement model. The document is of particular interest to developers of measurement procedures, working instructions and documentary standards. The model describes the relationship between the output quantity (the measurand) and the input quantities known to be involved in the measurement. The model is used to obtain a value for the measurand and an associated uncertainty. Measurement models are also used in, for example, design studies, simulation of processes, and in engineering, research and development. This document explains how to accommodate in a measurement model the quantities involved. These quantities relate i) to the phenomenon or phenomena on which the measurement is based, that is, the measurement principle, ii) to effects arising in the specific measurement, and iii) to the interaction with the artefact or sample subject to measurement. The guidance provided is organised in accordance with a work flow that could be contemplated when developing a measurement model from the beginning. This work flow starts with the specification of the measurand (clause 6). Then the measurement principle is modelled (clause 7) and an appropriate form of the model is chosen (clause 8). The basic model thus obtained is extended by identifying (clause 9) and adding (clause 10) effects arising from the measurement and the artefact or sample subject to measurement. Guidance on assessing the adequacy of the resulting measurement model is given in clause 12. The distinction between the basic model and the (complete) measurement model in the work flow should be helpful to those readers who already have a substantial part of the measurement model in place, but would like to verify that it contains all effects arising from the measurement so that it is fit for purpose. Guidance on the assignment of probability distributions to the quantities appearing in the measurement model is given in JCGM 100:2008 and JCGM 101:2008. In clause 11, this guidance is supplemented by describing how statistical models can be developed and used for this purpose. When using a measurement model, numerical problems can arise including computational effects such as rounding and numerical overflow. It is demonstrated how such problems can often be alleviated by expressing a model differently so that it performs well in calculations. It is also shown how a reformulation of the model can sometimes be used to eliminate some correlation effects among the input quantities when such dependencies exist. Examples from a number of metrology disciplines illustrate the guidance provided in this document.

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This document specifies requirements for operational practices in care settings when a provider wishes to demonstrate its ability to consistently provide and improve healthcare education or training that meets the learning requirements of educational organizations. All the requirements in this document are intended to be applicable to any provider, regardless of its type, size or the healthcare services it offers.

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This document specifies requirements and test methods to ensure performance, safety, operability and maintainability of community-scale resource recovery faecal sludge treatment units (herein addressed as treatment units) that serve approximately, but not limited to, 1 000 to 100 000 people. This document applies to treatment units that: a) primarily treat faecal sludge, b) are able to operate in non-sewered and off-grid environments, c) are prefabricated, d) exhibit resource recovery capability (e.g. recovering energy, reusable water, soil amendment products), and are capable of being energy neutral or energy net positive. This document does not apply to treatment units requiring major sewer infrastructure. Inputs are primarily faecal sludge derived from human excreta and can include additional substances at the discretion of the manufacturer. This document does not specify the characteristics of the faecal sludge (e.g. COD, BOD, moisture content, etc.) and which forms of the additional inputs (e.g. food waste) are treated within the unit. These inputs are defined by the manufacturer as well as the input characteristics which meet the requirements specified in this document. This document addresses: — the performance, safety, operability, and maintainability of the treatment unit, — the protection of human health and the environment, — safety aspects of the treatment unit's solid, liquid, and gaseous outputs, — noise and odour outputs of the treatment unit. This document specifies minimum requirements of all types of outputs from the treatment unit. It does not specify or mandate the quality of resources recovered as these are highly dependent on the local (e.g. economic, social) context. Any resources produced and consumed internally to the process itself are outside the scope of this document. Similarly, with the exception of pathogen requirements, the quality and value of any resource recovery and reuse products derived from the treatment unit are outside the scope of this document. Apart from the requirement for energy independence under manufacturer specified input conditions during steady-state operation, this document does not set performance targets with respect to the amount or type of energy or resources to recover and/or use locally. This document does not address transportation and any intermediary processes required to supply the treatment unit with the defined inputs. Provisions of this document apply to the treatment unit according to its unit boundaries, i.e. within the process chain beginning with its specified inputs and ending with its outputs. Some of the considerations on sustainability of the treatment unit are highlighted in Annex B.

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This document provides guidance to standards developers on how to take account of climate change in the planning, drafting, revision and updating of ISO standards and other deliverables. It outlines a framework and general principles that standards developers can use to develop their own approach to addressing climate change on a subject-specific basis. It aims to enable standards developers to include adaptation to climate change (ACC) and climate change mitigation (CCM) considerations in their standardization work. Considerations related to ACC are intended to contribute to increasing preparedness and disaster reduction as well as impacting the resilience of organizations and their technologies, activities or products (TAPs). Considerations related to CCM consist primarily of approaches that seek to avoid, reduce or limit the release of GHG emissions and/or increase GHG removals.

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This document specifies the form and content of warranties/guarantees that a manufacturer and/or supplier can use to address reasonable expectations of products by consumers. This document is applicable to transactions between businesses and consumers of new and used products, including online transactions. This document is also applicable to products associated with services to complete a transaction (such as, buying clothes that need alteration).

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This document establishes requirements for the use of the glass designations "clear glass" and "ultra-clear glass" for non-coloured glass items according to their clarity and iron content. It specifies a procedure for measuring the clarity of glass items by means of a spectrophotometer. This document is applicable to — mineral glasses, and — glass items where a part is not covered by coating or decoration, and is therefore available for sampling. This document is applicable to the use of glass as tableware, giftware, jewellery and luminaries. It is not applicable to the use of glass in the context of building, watches, containers, medicine and laboratories, and to other technical uses of glass.

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This document specifies the general principles of site selection planning for small hydropower (SHP) projects, and the methodologies, procedures and outcome requirements of SHP plant site selection.

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This document defines the professional technical terms and definitions commonly used for small hydropower (SHP) plants.

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This document provides guidance to standards developers on how to take account of sustainability in the drafting, revision and updating of ISO standards and similar deliverables. It outlines a methodology that ISO standards developers can use to develop their own approach to addressing sustainability on a subject-specific basis.

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This document specifies the competence, consisting of knowledge, skills and attributes, needed to perform the tasks of standards professionals. This document is applicable to all personnel involved in some aspect of standardization in companies.

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This document specifies the competence, consisting of knowledge, skills and attributes, needed to perform the tasks of standards professionals. This document is applicable to all personnel involved in some aspect of standardization in an organization performing standardization activities.

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This document provides recommended standardization practices that are intended to support the application of the following: — the WTO TBT Committee decision on principles for the development of international standards, guides and recommendations (G/TBT/9, 13 November 2000); — the WTO TBT Agreement's Code of Good Practice for the Preparation, Adoption and Application of Standards (Annex 3 of the 1995 WTO TBT Agreement). This document is intended to be used by the national members of ISO and IEC, hereafter referred to as national bodies.

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This document provides requirements and recommendations to writers of medical device standards on the inclusion of aspects related to safety in International Standards, based on well-established risk management concepts and methodology. This document is applicable to any aspect related to the safety of people, property, the environment, or a combination of these. In this document, the term "product" includes a medical device or a system consisting of one or more medical devices, possibly combined with non-medical devices.

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This document provides guidelines for the characteristics of a professional farmer organization. It is intended to be relevant for large and small professional farmer organizations, without regard to the specific crop or product. The implementation and interpretation of this document can be adapted for very small or nascent organizations, for specific or differentiated products, or for markets with special requirements.

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This document gives principles and best practice guidelines for unit pricing displayed by written, printed or electronic means. It includes guidance on — the provision of unit price, — units of measure used to express unit price including: weight, length, volume, count, area and other forms of measure, — the display of unit price, and — implementation, communication and education of consumers. This document is applicable to any retailer, including supermarkets, hardware stores, pharmacies, convenience stores, automotive parts suppliers and pet product suppliers. It is applicable to packaged and non-packaged food and consumer products where the price is displayed, including — at point of sale, including in-store and online, and — when relevant communications about the product are released (including advertising by electronic and printed formats). This document excludes services and merchandise, such as clothing and electronic goods sold as a single item.

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This document specifies general safety and performance requirements for design and testing as well as sustainability considerations for non-sewered sanitation systems (NSSS). A NSSS, for the purposes of this document, is a prefabricated integrated treatment unit, comprising frontend (toilet facility) and backend (treatment facility) components that a) collects, conveys, and fully treats the specific input within the system, to allow for safe reuse or disposal of the generated solid, liquid, and gaseous output, and b) is not connected to a networked sewer or networked drainage systems. This document is applicable to sanitation systems that are either manufactured as one package, or manufactured as a set of prefabricated elements designed to be assembled in one location without further fabrication or modification that influences the system function. The plane or surface (e.g. flooring, concrete pad) upon which a fully assembled NSSS is situated is beyond the scope of this document. This document is not applicable to sanitation systems constructed in situ. This document also covers NSSS backend components that are designed to be integrated with one or more specified frontends. Although this document is primarily applicable to the development of sanitation systems that are not connected to water and electricity networks, it can also be applied to systems that can utilize water mains and/or electricity. This document defines the basic treatable input as primarily human excreta and gives options for extending the range of input substances. Requirements for the quality of the outputs from the sanitation system are given for solid and liquid discharges as well as odour, air, and noise emissions. It contains criteria for the safety, functionality, usability, reliability, and maintainability of the system, as well as its compatibility with environmental protection goals. This document does not encompass the following aspects: — guidelines for selection, installation, operation and maintenance, and management of sanitation systems; — transportation of treated output outside of the sanitation system (e.g. manual transport, transportation by truck or trunk pipes) for further processing, reuse, or disposal; — treatment processes taking place at another location separate from that of the frontend and backend components; — reuse and disposal of sanitation system output.

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This document provides guidance on auditing management systems, including the principles of auditing, managing an audit programme and conducting management system audits, as well as guidance on the evaluation of competence of individuals involved in the audit process. These activities include the individual(s) managing the audit programme, auditors and audit teams. It is applicable to all organizations that need to plan and conduct internal or external audits of management systems or manage an audit programme. The application of this document to other types of audits is possible, provided that special consideration is given to the specific competence needed.

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    46 pages
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    49 pages
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IWA 28:2018 specifies requirements and test methods to ensure safety, performance and sustainability of community-scale resource-oriented faecal sludge treatment units that serve approximately 1 000 to 100 000 people. IWA 28:2018 applies to treatment units that: · primarily treat faecal sludge; · are able to operate in non-sewered and off-grid environments; · are prefabricated. IWA 28:2018 does not apply to sanitation treatment units requiring sewer infrastructure, or to those requiring electric grid access during steady state operation. Treatment units to which IWA 28:2018 applies exhibit resource recovery capability (e.g. recovering energy, reusable water, soil amendment) and are capable of being energy neutral or energy net positive.

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ISO 20245:2017 establishes minimum screening criteria for second-hand goods that are traded, sold, offered for sale, donated or exchanged between countries. ISO 20245:2017 is intended to help protect health, safety and the environment in which second-hand goods interact, when used by consumers. ISO 20245:2017 is applicable to second-hand goods that are shipped across at least one international border, and where the intended end user is a consumer. ISO 20245:2017 does not apply to goods that are remanufactured, rebuilt or refurbished.

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IWA27:2017 provides guiding principles and a framework for decision making and action to address key social, environmental, and economic impacts and opportunities of the sharing economy.

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IWA 26:2017 provides guidance on using ISO 26000:2010 to organizations that have implemented one or more ISO management system standards (MSS). It also provides guidance on how to apply a management system approach when using ISO 26000:2010. It can be used in full or in part by an organization that has implemented a management system and/or that is using ISO 26000:2010.

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ISO 18295-1:2017 specifies service requirements for customer contact centres (CCC). It specifies a framework for any CCC that aims to assist in providing clients and customers with services that continuously and proactively meet or exceed their needs. ISO 18295-1:2017 is applicable to both in-house (captive) and outsourced (third party operator) CCCs of all sizes, across all sectors and all interaction channels, including inbound and outbound. It specifies performance metrics (KPIs) as and where required.

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ISO 18295-2:2017 specifies requirements for organizations using the services of customer contact centres (CCC). It aims to ensure that customer expectations are consistently met through the provision and management of appropriate arrangements with CCCs meeting the requirements of ISO 18295‑1. ISO 18295-2:2017 is applicable to clients using CCCs of all sizes, across all sectors including in-house (captive) centres and outsourced (third party operator) centres, across multiple contact channels, including voice and non-voice media.

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ISO 20700:2017 provides guidelines for the effective delivery of management consultancy services.

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ISO 20400:2017 provides guidance to organizations, independent of their activity or size, on integrating sustainability within procurement, as described in ISO 26000. It is intended for stakeholders involved in, or impacted by, procurement decisions and processes.

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IWA 19:2017 provides a global framework for the sustainable management of secondary metals. The framework includes sustainability and traceability requirements for metals recovered. IWA 19:2017 guides economic operators of secondary metals value chains, including those engaged in the informal sector, in the efficient and credible implementation of improved recycling practices, in particular in emerging and developing economies.

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IWA 20:2017 reviews drip irrigation in comparison to major irrigation methods available and practiced today by farmers worldwide. IWA 20:2017 reviews the benefits of drip irrigation, such as increased yield, reduced water consumption, reduced energy consumption, lower environmental impact, reduced contamination of groundwater and surface water, reduced greenhouse gas emissions and reduced labour. IWA 20:2017 also reviews some of the limitations of drip irrigation. IWA 20:2017 does not provide a technical specification for the implementation of drip irrigation. The qualities of drip irrigation referred to in IWA 20:2017 apply to systems manufactured in accordance with ISO 9261 or equivalent standard. IWA 20:2017 is intended to be used by agricultural policymakers, infrastructure providers, water supply regulatory bodies and authorities, and food chain and farmer cooperatives interested in developing agricultural policies to preserve natural resources and funds. IWA 20:2017 is also intended to be used by farmers and smallholders interested in applying an economic agricultural method.

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ISO 16923:2016 covers the design, construction, operation, inspection and maintenance of stations for fuelling compressed natural gas (CNG) to vehicles, including equipment, safety and control devices. ISO 16923:2016 also applies to portions of a fuelling station where natural gas is in a gaseous state and dispensing CNG derived from liquefied natural gas (LCNG) according to ISO 16924. ISO 16923:2016 applies to fuelling stations supplied with natural gas as defined in local applicable gas composition regulations or ISO 13686. It also applies to other gases meeting these requirements including biomethane, upgraded coal-bed methane (CBM) and gas supplies coming from LNG vaporization (on-site or off-site). ISO 16923:2016 includes all equipment for downstream gas supply connection (i.e. point of separation between the CNG fuelling station piping and the pipeline network). Fuelling station nozzles are not defined in this document. ISO 16923:2016 covers fuelling stations with the following characteristics: - slow fill; - fast fill; - private access; - public access (self-service or assisted); - fuelling stations with fixed storage; - fuelling stations with mobile storage (daughter station); - multi-fuel stations. ISO 16923:2016 is not applicable to domestic CNG fuelling devices without buffer storage. NOTE ISO 16923:2016 is based on the condition that the gas entering the fuelling station is odorized. For unodorized gas fuelling stations, additional safety requirements are included in Clause 10.

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ISO 16924:2016 specifies the design, construction, operation, maintenance and inspection of stations for fuelling liquefied natural gas (LNG) to vehicles, including equipment, safety and control devices. ISO 16924:2016 also specifies the design, construction, operation, maintenance and inspection of fuelling stations for using LNG as an onsite source for fuelling CNG to vehicles (LCNG fuelling stations), including safety and control devices of the station and specific LCNG fuelling station equipment. NOTE Specific CNG equipment is dealt with in ISO 16923. ISO 16924:2016 is applicable to fuelling stations receiving LNG and other liquefied methane-rich gases that comply with local applicable gas composition regulation or with the gas quality requirements of ISO 13686. ISO 16924:2016 includes all equipment from the LNG storage tank filling connection up to the fuelling nozzle on the vehicle. The LNG storage tank filling connection itself and the vehicle fuelling nozzle are not covered in this document. ISO 16924:2016 includes fuelling stations having the following characteristics: - private access; - public access (self-service or assisted); - metered dispensing and non metered dispensing; - fuelling stations with fixed LNG storage; - fuelling stations with mobile LNG storage; - movable fuelling stations; - mobile fuelling stations; - multi-fuel stations.

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IWA 23:2016 is a consensus document developed by the workshop participants and observers in response to the need for standardization and harmonization of pitch spacing dimension, initial device classification and terminology of relevance. IWA 23:2016 will serve as a guideline and is applicable to various interested parties and stakeholders in the microfluidics community. IWA 23:2016: - specifies geometrical standards in relation to pitch connector dimensions of microfluidic devices, - specifies an initial device classification rules, and - defines terms of relevance.

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IWA 18:2016 provides guidelines for addressing challenges faced by societies that have been unable to adapt to an ageing population. It can also be used by stakeholders as a useful reference at regional or global level. IWA 18:2016 addresses health, care and social challenges (including health care needs, daily living tasks, well-being, combating isolation and keeping safe) to ensure that the needs of individuals continue to be met as they grow older. It also outlines principles related to ethics, community-based solutions, integration, person-centred solutions and innovation.

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ISO/IEC Guide 17:2016 provides guidance and recommendations to writers of standards on the needs of micro, small and medium‐ sized enterprises (SMEs) in order to avoid the exclusion of SMEs from the market and the distortion of fair competition. ISO/IEC Guide 17:2016 is relevant to all stakeholders involved in standardization, i.e. standards writers in working groups (WGs), technical committees (TCs), project committees (PCs), or subcommittees (SCs) as well as members of national mirror committees. Not all principles presented in this Guide necessarily have to apply to all standards. Furthermore, sector-specific questions might not be covered. TCs, PCs, SCs and WGs are best placed to evaluate how to address the specific needs of SMEs in their standards. ISO/IEC Guide 17:2016 contains: a) considerations for the development of standards that are best adapted to SMEs' needs; b) techniques for identifying and assessing provisions in standards that may especially impact SMEs; c) ways to reduce negative impacts on SMEs resulting from some provisions in standards; d) guidelines for writing SME‐friendly standards; e) a checklist; f) information on the impact that new standards can have on micro‐enterprises. NOTE In this Guide, the term "standard" includes all ISO/IEC deliverables.

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IWA 15:2015 specifies methods for testing the volumetric performance of air-displacement, system-liquid filled and positive displacement automated liquid handling systems (ALHS), including an estimation of measurement uncertainties and established traceability to reference standards (preferably, traceability to SI Units). The testing methods specified in this document may also be used to measure the volumetric performance of automated liquid delivery systems which do not aspirate the test liquid. IWA 15:2015 also specifies statistical methods for the determination of random and systematic errors (including intra-plate and inter-plate comparisons), analysis of measured results when using multichannel dispensing heads, and analysis depending on dispense patterns. It further defines terms and formulae to be used for summarizing test results. IWA 15:2015 also specifies the information to be provided to users of ALHS, including the display of summary results and performance claims. IWA 15:2015 is applicable to all ALHS with complete, installed liquid handling devices, including tips and other essential parts needed for delivering a specified volume, which perform liquid handling tasks without human intervention into microplates. Manipulation of the microplates on the deck of the automated liquid handling system may be achieved automatically, semi-automatically, or manually. IWA 15:2015 addresses the needs of: - suppliers of ALHS, as a basis for quality control including, where appropriate, the issuance of supplier's declarations; - test houses and other bodies, as a basis for independent certification and calibration; - users of the equipment, to enable calibration, verification, validation, and routine testing of trueness and precision. The tests established in this IWA should be carried out by trained personnel.

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ISO 13065:2015 specifies principles, criteria and indicators for the bioenergy supply chain to facilitate assessment of environmental, social and economic aspects of sustainability. ISO 13065:2015 is applicable to the whole supply chain, parts of a supply chain or a single process in the supply chain. ISO 13065:2015 applies to all forms of bioenergy, irrespective of raw material, geographical location, technology or end use. ISO 13065:2015 does not establish thresholds or limits and does not describe specific bioenergy processes and production methods. Compliance with ISO 13065:2015 does not determine the sustainability of processes or products. ISO 13065:2015 is intended to facilitate comparability of various bioenergy processes or products. It can also be used to facilitate comparability of bioenergy and other energy options.

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IWA 16:2015 defines the framework for methods for coherent quantification of CO2e emissions of freight transport (total and intensity) on the following three levels: 1) Level of operation of transport chain element (TCE). 2) Level of network including company level. 3) Level of cargo. IWA 16:2015 provides a gap analysis identifying starting points and recommending further specification and possible alignment on mode specific and intermodal levels, including transhipment centres and warehouses. Consideration needs to be given to the practicality of the methods and the intended use of the outputs to the potential user groups, particularly providers of freight transport and logistic services as well as their customers.

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IWA 17:2014 covers all types of lottery and gaming organizations, including commercial enterprises, government agencies and non-profit organizations. IWA 17:2014 specifies the requirements for establishing, implementing, operating, monitoring, reviewing, maintaining and improving a documented security and integrity system within the context of the organization's overall risks. It specifies the requirements for the implementation of security and integrity controls applicable to the needs of individual organizations, so that the security and integrity management systems can be designed to ensure the selection of adequate and proportionate security and integrity controls that protect assets and give confidence to interested parties. The requirements set out in IWA 17:2014 are generic and are intended to be applicable to all organizations, regardless of type, size and nature.

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ISO/IEC Guide 71:2014 provides guidance to standards developers on addressing accessibility requirements and recommendations in standards that focus, whether directly or indirectly, on systems (i.e. products, services and built environments) used by people. To assist standards developers to define accessibility requirements and recommendations, it presents a summary of current terminology relating to accessibility, issues to consider in support of accessibility in the standards development process, a set of accessibility goals (used to identify user accessibility needs), descriptions of (and design considerations for) human abilities and characteristics, and strategies for addressing user accessibility needs and design considerations in standards.

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IWA 13:2014 serves as the basis for a multiple-resource productivity analysis, providing a means to identify and evaluate scalable resource solutions that can be categorized as multiple-resource productivity (MRP) solutions. MRP solutions are defined as solutions that can produce at least two MRP resources (water, energy, food/cropland) without consuming the other resources. This standardized framework includes a guideline for the creation of a quantitative evaluation method for assessing a solution's feasibility and conducting economic cost-benefits analysis of various MRP solutions.

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IWA 14-1:2013 specifies the essential impact performance requirement for a vehicle security barrier (VSB) and a test method for rating its performance when subjected to a single impact by a test vehicle not driven by a human being.

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IWA 14-2:2013 provides guidance for the selection, installation and use of vehicle security barriers (VSBs) and describes the process of producing operational requirements (ORs). It also gives guidance on a design method for assessing the performance of a VSB.

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ISO 10377:2013 provides practical guidance to suppliers on assessing and managing the safety of consumer products, including effective documentation of risk assessment and risk management to meet applicable requirements. ISO 10377:2013 describes how to: identify, assess, reduce or eliminate hazards; manage risks by reducing them to tolerable levels; provide consumers with hazard warnings or instructions essential to the safe use or disposal of consumer products. ISO 10377:2013 is intended to apply to consumer products, but might also be applicable to decisions concerning safety in other product sectors.

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ISO 10393:2013 provides practical guidance to suppliers on consumer product recalls and other corrective actions after the product has left the manufacturing facility. Other corrective actions include, but are not limited to, refunds, retrofit, repair, replacement, disposal and public notification. ISO 10393:2013 is intended to apply to consumer products, but might also be applicable to other sectors.

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ISO/IEC Guide 98-4:2012 provides guidance and procedures for assessing the conformity of an item (entity, object or system) with specified requirements. The item might be, for example, a gauge block, a grocery scale or a blood sample. The procedures can be applied where the following conditions exist: the item is distinguished by a single scalar quantity (a measurable property) defined to a level of detail sufficient to be reasonably represented by an essentially unique true value; an interval of permissible values of the property is specified by one or two tolerance limits; the property can be measured and the measurement result expressed in a manner consistent with the principles of the GUM, so that knowledge of the value of the property can be reasonably described by (a) a probability density function, (b) a distribution function, (c) numerical approximations to such functions, or (d) a best estimate, together with a coverage interval and an associated coverage probability. The procedures developed in this document can be used to realize an interval, called an acceptance interval, of permissible measured values of the property of interest. Acceptance limits can be chosen so as to balance the risks associated with accepting non-conforming items (consumer's risk) or rejecting conforming items (producer's risk). Two types of conformity assessment problems are addressed. The first is the setting of acceptance limits that will assure that a desired conformance probability for a single measured item is achieved. The second is the setting of acceptance limits to assure an acceptable level of confidence on average as a number of (nominally identical) items are measured. Guidance is given for their solution. This document contains examples to illustrate the guidance provided. The concepts presented can be extended to more general conformity assessment problems based on measurements of a set of scalar measurands. The audience of this document includes quality managers, members of standards development organizations, accreditation authorities and the staffs of testing and measuring laboratories, inspection bodies, certification bodies, regulatory agencies, academics and researchers.

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This International Standard specifies the minimum requirements for billing of all consumption-based utility network services to domestic customers. It covers the processes required to produce the bill and to deal with issues that arise after the bill has been sent, as well as the content of the billing document or statement. This International Standard is applicable to utility network services that are unmetered, metered at the point of delivery or metered remotely (e.g. on the supplier's own premises), and it covers any unmetered or unmeasured charges appearing on the same bill as metered or measured charges, as well as flat rate charges. NOTE 1 Utility network services include electricity supply, water, sanitation, gas supply, district heating and communications. NOTE 2 The requirements given in this International Standard are also applicable to other consumers who are legally entitled to use the service provided by the supplier, except where in order to comply with privacy or data protection requirements, it is necessary for the supplier to obtain the authority of the registered customer before dealing with another consumer on billing matters. This International Standard does not cover pricing, except for a requirement to provide information to customers. It is only applicable to billing for consumption-based utility network services and it applies to all bills or statements for utility network services where there is an ongoing account relationship between the customer and the supplier, regardless of the payment method used. NOTE 3 This includes bills for metered consumption, bills where a formula is used to estimate consumption (e.g. water bills based on the number of persons per household or the size of the house), or where a flat rate fee is charged regardless of consumption (e.g. telephony or internet bills where the tariff allows unlimited usage). It also applies to prepayment customers, where a bill or account from the supplier is necessary to enable the customer to reconcile the amount paid in advance with the cost of consumption, or where the customer expects to receive a bill based on point of sale or other advertising (e.g. mobile telephony and energy metering) where codes, keys, electronic dongles or electronic cards are used to load and reload the service and to indicate what was purchased. NOTE 4 Services that are not billed [e.g. mobile telephony paid for by pre-purchased SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) cards that are unmetered] and services that are funded directly by the taxpayer without bills being issued are not covered by this International Standard. NOTE 5 Many of the key principles in this International Standard also apply to all forms of billing, and suppliers are therefore encouraged to adopt the relevant requirements in this International Standard for billing of other services.

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ISO 20121:2012 specifies requirements for an event sustainability management system for any type of event or event-related activity, and provides guidance on conforming to those requirements. ISO 20121:2012 is applicable to any organization that wishes to: establish, implement, maintain and improve an event sustainability management system; ensure that it is in conformity with its stated sustainable development policy; demonstrate voluntary conformity with ISO 20121:2012 by first party (self-determination and self-declaration), second party (confirmation of conformance by parties having an interest in the organization, such as clients, or by other persons on their behalf), or an independent third party (e.g. a certification body). ISO 20121:2012 has been designed to address the management of improved sustainability throughout the entire event management cycle.

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ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008/Suppl.2:2011 is concerned with measurement models having any number of input quantities and any number of output quantities. The quantities involved might be real or complex. Two approaches are considered for treating such models. The first approach is a generalization of the GUM uncertainty framework. The second is a Monte Carlo method as an implementation of the propagation of distributions. Appropriate use of the Monte Carol method would be expected to provide valid results when the applicability of the GUM uncertainty framework is questionable. For a prescribed coverage probability, ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008/Suppl.2:2011 can be used to provide a coverage region for the output quantities of a multivariate model, the counterpart of a coverage interval for a single scalar output quantiy. The provision of coverage regions includes those taking the form of a hyper-ellipsoid or a hyper-rectangle. These coverage regions are produced from the results of the two approaches described here. A procedure for providing an approximation to the smallest coverage region, obtained from results provided by the Monte Carol method, is also given. Detailed examples to illustrate the guidance are provided.

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ISO 26000:2010 provides guidance to all types of organizations, regardless of their size or location, on: concepts, terms and definitions related to social responsibility; the background, trends and characteristics of social responsibility; principles and practices relating to social responsibility; the core subjects and issues of social responsibility; integrating, implementing and promoting socially responsible behaviour throughout the organization and, through its policies and practices, within its sphere of influence; identifying and engaging with stakeholders; and communicating commitments, performance and other information related to social responsibility. ISO 26000:2010 is intended to assist organizations in contributing to sustainable development. It is intended to encourage them to go beyond legal compliance, recognizing that compliance with law is a fundamental duty of any organization and an essential part of their social responsibility. It is intended to promote common understanding in the field of social responsibility, and to complement other instruments and initiatives for social responsibility, not to replace them. In applying ISO 26000:2010, it is advisable that an organization take into consideration societal, environmental, legal, cultural, political and organizational diversity, as well as differences in economic conditions, while being consistent with international norms of behaviour. ISO 26000:2010 is not a management system standard. It is not intended or appropriate for certification purposes or regulatory or contractual use. Any offer to certify, or claims to be certified, to ISO 26000 would be a misrepresentation of the intent and purpose and a misuse of ISO 26000:2010. As ISO 26000:2010 does not contain requirements, any such certification would not be a demonstration of conformity with ISO 26000:2010. ISO 26000:2010 is intended to provide organizations with guidance concerning social responsibility and can be used as part of public policy activities. However, for the purposes of the Marrakech Agreement establishing the World Trade Organization (WTO), it is not intended to be interpreted as an “international standard”, “guideline” or “recommendation”, nor is it intended to provide a basis for any presumption or finding that a measure is consistent with WTO obligations. Further, it is not intended to provide a basis for legal actions, complaints, defences or other claims in any international, domestic or other proceeding, nor is it intended to be cited as evidence of the evolution of customary international law. ISO 26000:2010 is not intended to prevent the development of national standards that are more specific, more demanding, or of a different type.

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ISO/IEC Guide 98-1:2009 provides a brief introduction to the “Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement” (GUM) in order to indicate the relevance of that fundamental guide and promote its use. It also outlines documents related to the GUM that are intended to extend the application of that guide to broader categories and fields of practical problems. ISO/IEC Guide 98-1:2009 addresses measurement science at a level that is suitable for those readers who have received training at least to the second year of a science- or engineering-based degree course containing some teaching of probability theory and statistics. It also considers various concepts used in measurement science. In particular, it covers the need to characterize the quality of a measurement through appropriate statements of measurement uncertainty. This introductory document also outlines the recent evolution of thinking regarding measurement uncertainty.

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