This European Standard defines the activities related to work on or near the railway track and the associated competence profiles of persons who carry out these activities and defines procedures for assessing the competence.

  • Standard
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This European Standard provides requirements and measures to deal with the significant and specific railway risks during works on or in proximity of the track and with common principles for the protection of fixed and mobile work sites with trains and/or machines circulating on the working track and trains circulating on the adjacent track(s). Railway risks and protection measures for access and egress to/from the work site are considered in the same way as railway risks and protection measures for work itself.
This European Standard is applicable to all operations related to work activities on rail guided systems. Infrastructure of metro, tram and other light rail systems is excluded from the scope ).
The following specific railway risks are taken into consideration:
—   Risk 1: Personnel being struck by a train or injured due to wind drag  from a train on open working track (safety of the worker);
NOTE 1   Risk 1 includes injuring of a worker by machines, material or equipment being struck by a train on the working track.
—   Risk 2: Personnel being struck by a train or injured due to wind drag from train on adjacent track (safety of the worker);
—   Risk 3: Personnel being struck by machine or train on blocked track (safety of the worker);
—   Risk 4: Machines, material or equipment being struck by a train on the adjacent track (safety of the operation/safety of the worker);
—   Risk 5: Personnel being electrified or electrocuted by fixed electrical equipment (safety of the worker).
NOTE 2   Risk 5 includes hazards caused by pantographs of passing trains.
This European Standard also provides requirements to the process of installing basic preventive measures when planning new infrastructure or installing corrective measures when adapting existing infrastructure.
This European Standard may be extended to third parties when it is considered appropriate and reasonable by the infrastructure manager, if one or more of the five significant risks described inside this standard, arise as a result of their activities in proximity of the track.

  • Standard
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Este documento proporciona directrices para la gestión del riesgo psicosocial dentro de un sistema de gestión de la seguridad y salud en el trabajo (SST) basado en la Norma ISO 45001. Permite a las organizaciones prevenir las lesiones y el deterioro de la salud relacionadas con el trabajo en sus trabajadores y otras partes interesadas, y promover el bienestar en el trabajo. Es aplicable a organizaciones de todos los tamaños y en todos los sectores, para el desarrollo, la implementación, el mantenimiento y la mejora continua de lugares de trabajo seguros y saludables. NOTA        Cuando en este documento se utiliza el término "trabajador", los representantes de los trabajadores, cuando existan, siempre se encuentran implícitos.

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  • Draft
    23 pages
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This document applies for new steel converter and its associated equipment (hereinafter referred to as converter plant) used in the process of carbon or stainless steel making as defined in 3.1 and illustrated in Annex B. This document deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the converter plant. It covers the intended use and foreseeable misuse. This document specifies the safety requirements to be met during design, pre-assembly, transport, site-assembly, commissioning, operation, maintenance (as described in Clause 5) and decommissioning/dis­assembly of the equipment. Assembly does not include erection because national regulations, e.g. national civil engineering laws and regulations or occupational health and safety regulations contain such information. This document applies to: Steel converter and its associated equipment (see Annex B, Figure B.1 for the oxygen steelmaking process —   from charging hot metal/liquid steel and scrap; —   via oxygen refining and stirring; —   temperature measurement and sampling equipment; —   up to tapping including slag retaining device; —   cooling systems; —   maintenance devices (e.g. relining device, tap hole repair device, device for cleaning the converter mouth); —   process related interfaces/interactions (e.g. according to design, controls) to —   process media, —   primary and secondary gas cleaning plant, —   material feeding systems and ladle alloying systems, —   transfer cars for steel ladle and slag pot, and —   charging/tapping equipment, e.g. crane, scrap chute, ladles and slag pots. This document does not cover safety requirements for: —   usage of process media other than oxygen, nitrogen, argon and compressed air; —   primary and secondary gas cleaning plants; —   measuring devices with radioactive sources; —   material feeding systems and ladle alloying systems; —   transfer cars for steel ladle and slag pot; —   charging/tapping and de-slagging equipment, e.g. crane, scrap chutes, ladles and slag pots; —   auxiliary winches and hoists. For variations of converter process where other gases and process media, e.g. hydrocarbons, fuels, steam, etc. are used, additional safety measures shall be considered which are not covered in this safety standard. NOTE     In case of revamping, this document can be used as a guideline for the specific parts to be revamped. This document is not applicable to steel converter and associated equipment manufactured before the date of its publication.

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Este documento proporciona directrices a las organizaciones sobre cómo gestionar los riesgos derivados de la COVID-19, para proteger la seguridad, la salud y el bienestar relacionados con el trabajo. Este documento es aplicable a las organizaciones de todos los tamaños y sectores, incluidas aquellas que: a) hayan estado operando durante la pandemia; b) estén reanudando o estén planeando reanudar sus operaciones tras un cierre total o parcial; c) están retornando a lugares de trabajo que han sido cerrados total o parcialmente; d) son nuevas y planean operar por primera vez. Este documento también proporciona orientaciones relativas a la protección de los trabajadores de todo tipo, (por ejemplo, trabajadores empleados por la organización, trabajadores de proveedores externos, contratistas, personas que trabajan por cuenta propia, trabajadores de agencias, trabajadores mayores, trabajadores con discapacidad y el personal de primera respuesta) y otras partes interesadas pertinentes (por ejemplo, los visitantes de un lugar de trabajo, incluidos los miembros del público). Este documento no pretende proporcionar orientación sobre cómo implementar protocolos específicos de control de infecciones en áreas clínicas, sanitarias y otras. NOTA          Gobiernos, reguladores y autoridades de salud proveen orientaciones y legislación aplicable para los trabajadores de esas áreas, o de funciones relacionadas.

  • Technical specification
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EN-ISO 21904-4 specifies two methods for establishing the minimum air volume flow rate. One method is dedicated for use with captor hoods, nozzles and slot nozzles with a ratio of slot length to hose diameter of 8:1 or less. The other method is dedicated for use with on-gun extraction devices.These methods are not applicable to down draught tables.

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EN-ISO 21904-2 specifies a method for testing equipment for the separation of welding fume in order to determine whether its separation efficiency meets specified requirements.The method specified does not apply to testing of filter cartridges independent of the equipment in which they are intended to be used.This document applies to equipment that is manufactured after its publication.

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ISO 21904-1 defines the general requirements for ventilation equipment used to capture and separate fumes generated by welding and allied processes, e.g. arc welding and thermal cutting.This document also specifies the test data to be marked on the capture devices.It applies to the design and manufacture of parts of the equipment including hoods for welding, ducting, filter units, air movers, systems that inform of unsafe operation and workplace practices to ensure safe working with regard to exposure.Significant hazards are listed in Clause 4. It does not cover electrical, mechanical and pneumatic hazards.This document is applicable to:- local exhaust ventilation systems (LEV) excluding draught tables;- mobile and stationary equipment;- separation equipment used for welding and allied processes;This document is not applicable to:- general ventilation, air make up or air movement systems;- air conditioning systems;- grinding dust.This document applies to systems designed and manufactured after its publication.

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This document specifies a method for testing equipment for the separation of welding fume in order to determine whether its separation efficiency meets specified requirements.
The method specified does not apply to testing of filter cartridges independent of the equipment in which they are intended to be used.
This document applies to equipment that is manufactured after its publication.
NOTE General ventilation systems are excluded from the Scope of ISO 21904-1.

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This document defines the general requirements for ventilation equipment used to capture and separate fumes generated by welding and allied processes, e.g. arc welding and thermal cutting.
This document also specifies the test data to be marked on the capture devices.
It applies to the design and manufacture of parts of the equipment including hoods for welding, ducting, filter units, air movers, systems that inform of unsafe operation and workplace practices to ensure safe working with regard to exposure.
Significant hazards are listed in Clause 4. It does not cover electrical, mechanical and pneumatic hazards.
This document is applicable to:
— local exhaust ventilation systems (LEV) excluding draught tables;
— mobile and stationary equipment;
— separation equipment used for welding and allied processes;
This document is not applicable to:
— general ventilation, air make up or air movement systems;
— air conditioning systems;
— grinding dust.
This document applies to systems designed and manufactured after its publication.
NOTE Specific safety requirements for thermal cutting machines are defined in ISO 17916.

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This document specifies two methods for establishing the minimum air volume flow rate. One method is dedicated for use with captor hoods, nozzles and slot nozzles with a ratio of slot length to hose diameter of 8:1 or less. The other method is dedicated for use with on-gun extraction devices.
These methods are not applicable to down draught tables.

  • Standard
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This document specifies a method for testing equipment for the separation of welding fume in order to determine whether its separation efficiency meets specified requirements. The method specified does not apply to testing of filter cartridges independent of the equipment in which they are intended to be used. This document applies to equipment that is manufactured after its publication. NOTE General ventilation systems are excluded from the Scope of ISO 21904-1.

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    14 pages
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  • Standard
    15 pages
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This document defines the general requirements for ventilation equipment used to capture and separate fumes generated by welding and allied processes, e.g. arc welding and thermal cutting. This document also specifies the test data to be marked on the capture devices. It applies to the design and manufacture of parts of the equipment including hoods for welding, ducting, filter units, air movers, systems that inform of unsafe operation and workplace practices to ensure safe working with regard to exposure. Significant hazards are listed in Clause 4. It does not cover electrical, mechanical and pneumatic hazards. This document is applicable to: — local exhaust ventilation systems (LEV) excluding draught tables; — mobile and stationary equipment; — separation equipment used for welding and allied processes; This document is not applicable to: — general ventilation, air make up or air movement systems; — air conditioning systems; — grinding dust. This document applies to systems designed and manufactured after its publication. NOTE Specific safety requirements for thermal cutting machines are defined in ISO 17916.

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    25 pages
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  • Standard
    27 pages
    French language
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This document specifies two methods for establishing the minimum air volume flow rate. One method is dedicated for use with captor hoods, nozzles and slot nozzles with a ratio of slot length to hose diameter of 8:1 or less. The other method is dedicated for use with on-gun extraction devices. These methods are not applicable to down draught tables.

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    10 pages
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  • Standard
    11 pages
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This document specifies requirements for single-use sharps containers intended to hold potentially
hazardous sharps medical waste with or without sharps protection features, e.g. scalpel blades, trocars,
hypodermic needles and syringes.
It is applicable to single-use sharps containers that are supplied complete by the manufacturer and to
those that are supplied as components intended to be assembled by the user.
It is not applicable to reusable sharps containers or to the outer containers used in the transportation
of filled single-use sharps containers.

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This document describes health and safety practices in occupational settings relevant to nanotechnologies. This document focuses on the occupational manufacture and use of manufactured nano-objects, and their aggregates and agglomerates greater than 100 nm (NOAAs). It does not address health and safety issues or practices associated with NOAAs generated by natural processes, hot processes and other standard operations which unintentionally generate NOAAs, or potential consumer exposures or uses, though some of the information in this document can be relevant to those areas.

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    125 pages
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The assessment of human exposure to vibration, to both the hand-arm system and the whole body, at the workplace relies on the combined evaluation of both vibration magnitudes and exposure times. Determining these values can employ various instrumentation types and data sources. ISO/TR 19664:2017 provides guidance and explanation of concepts used for the following:
- measurement processes;
- instrumentation types;
- vibration magnitude source.

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This Standard defines a laboratory method for measuring the welding fume capture efficiency
of on-torch extraction systems. It is applicable to integrated on-torch systems and to systems where a
discrete extraction system is attached to the welding torch close to the arc area. The methodology is
suitable for use with all continuous wire welding processes, all material types and all welding
parameters.
The method can be used to evaluate the effects of variables such as extraction flow rate, extract nozzle
position, shielding gas flow rate, welding geometry, welding torch angle, fume emission rate etc. on
capture efficiency.

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This document covers health and safety in welding and allied processes. It specifies requirements for
determination of the emission rate and chemical composition of welding fume in order to prepare fume
data sheets.
It applies to all filler materials used for joining or surfacing by arc welding using a manual, partly
mechanized or fully automatic process, depositing unalloyed steel, alloyed steel and non‑ferrous
alloys. Manual metal arc welding, gas‑shielded metal arc welding with solid wires, metal‑cored and
flux‑cored wires and arc welding with self‑shielded flux‑cored wires are included within the scope of
this document.

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This document specifies additional competence requirements for personnel involved in the audit
and certification process for an occupational health and safety (OH&S) management system and
complements the existing requirements of ISO/IEC 17021-1.
Three types of personnel and certification functions are defined:
— auditors;
— personnel reviewing audit reports and making certification decisions;
— other personnel.
NOTE This document is applicable for auditing and certification of an OH&S management system based on
ISO 45001. It can also be used for other OH&S applications.

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This document specifies requirements for an occupational health and safety (OH&S) management
system, and gives guidance for its use, to enable organizations to provide safe and healthy workplaces
by preventing work-related injury and ill health, as well as by proactively improving its OH&S
performance.
This document is applicable to any organization that wishes to establish, implement and maintain an
OH&S management system to improve occupational health and safety, eliminate hazards and minimize
OH&S risks (including system deficiencies), take advantage of OH&S opportunities, and address OH&S
management system nonconformities associated with its activities.
This document helps an organization to achieve the intended outcomes of its OH&S management system.
Consistent with the organization’s OH&S policy, the intended outcomes of an OH&S management system
include:
a) continual improvement of OH&S performance;
b) fulfilment of legal requirements and other requirements;
c) achievement of OH&S objectives.
This document is applicable to any organization regardless of its size, type and activities. It is applicable
to the OH&S risks under the organization’s control, taking into account factors such as the context in
which the organization operates and the needs and expectations of its workers and other interested
parties.
This document does not state specific criteria for OH&S performance, nor is it prescriptive about the
design of an OH&S management system.
This document enables an organization, through its OH&S management system, to integrate other
aspects of health and safety, such as worker wellness/wellbeing.
This document does not address issues such as product safety, property damage or environmental
impacts, beyond the risks to workers and other relevant interested parties.
This document can be used in whole or in part to systematically improve occupational health and
safety management. However, claims of conformity to this document are not acceptable unless all its
requirements are incorporated into an organization’s OH&S management system and fulfilled without
exclusion.

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    45 pages
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  • Standard – translation
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ISO 21904-3:2018 defines a laboratory method for measuring the welding fume capture efficiency of on-torch extraction systems. The procedure only prescribes a methodology, leaving selection of the test parameters to the user, so that the effect of different variables can be evaluated.
ISO 21904-3:2018 is applicable to integrated on-torch systems and to systems where a discrete extraction system is attached to the welding torch close to the arc area. The methodology is suitable for use with all continuous wire welding processes, all material types and all welding parameters.
The method can be used to evaluate the effects of variables such as extraction flow rate, extract nozzle position, shielding gas flow rate, welding geometry, welding torch angle, fume emission rate, etc., on capture efficiency.

  • Standard
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ISO 45001:2018 specifies requirements for an occupational health and safety (OH&S) management system, and gives guidance for its use, to enable organizations to provide safe and healthy workplaces by preventing work-related injury and ill health, as well as by proactively improving its OH&S performance. ISO 45001:2018 is applicable to any organization that wishes to establish, implement and maintain an OH&S management system to improve occupational health and safety, eliminate hazards and minimize OH&S risks (including system deficiencies), take advantage of OH&S opportunities, and address OH&S management system nonconformities associated with its activities. ISO 45001:2018 helps an organization to achieve the intended outcomes of its OH&S management system. Consistent with the organization's OH&S policy, the intended outcomes of an OH&S management system include: a) continual improvement of OH&S performance; b) fulfilment of legal requirements and other requirements; c) achievement of OH&S objectives. ISO 45001:2018 is applicable to any organization regardless of its size, type and activities. It is applicable to the OH&S risks under the organization's control, taking into account factors such as the context in which the organization operates and the needs and expectations of its workers and other interested parties. ISO 45001:2018 does not state specific criteria for OH&S performance, nor is it prescriptive about the design of an OH&S management system. ISO 45001:2018 enables an organization, through its OH&S management system, to integrate other aspects of health and safety, such as worker wellness/wellbeing. ISO 45001:2018 does not address issues such as product safety, property damage or environmental impacts, beyond the risks to workers and other relevant interested parties. ISO 45001:2018 can be used in whole or in part to systematically improve occupational health and safety management. However, claims of conformity to this document are not acceptable unless all its requirements are incorporated into an organization's OH&S management system and fulfilled without exclusion.

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    45 pages
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  • Standard – translation
    73 pages
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ISO 21904-3:2018 defines a laboratory method for measuring the welding fume capture efficiency of on-torch extraction systems. The procedure only prescribes a methodology, leaving selection of the test parameters to the user, so that the effect of different variables can be evaluated. ISO 21904-3:2018 is applicable to integrated on-torch systems and to systems where a discrete extraction system is attached to the welding torch close to the arc area. The methodology is suitable for use with all continuous wire welding processes, all material types and all welding parameters. The method can be used to evaluate the effects of variables such as extraction flow rate, extract nozzle position, shielding gas flow rate, welding geometry, welding torch angle, fume emission rate, etc., on capture efficiency.

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    21 pages
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ISO 15011-4:2017 covers health and safety in welding and allied processes. It specifies requirements for determination of the emission rate and chemical composition of welding fume in order to prepare fume data sheets.
ISO 15011-4:2017 applies to all filler materials used for joining or surfacing by arc welding using a manual, partly mechanized or fully automatic process, depositing unalloyed steel, alloyed steel and non‑ferrous alloys. Manual metal arc welding, gas‑shielded metal arc welding with solid wires, metal‑cored and flux‑cored wires and arc welding with self‑shielded flux‑cored wires are included within the scope of this document.

  • Standard
    32 pages
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ISO 15011-4:2017 covers health and safety in welding and allied processes. It specifies requirements for determination of the emission rate and chemical composition of welding fume in order to prepare fume data sheets. ISO 15011-4:2017 applies to all filler materials used for joining or surfacing by arc welding using a manual, partly mechanized or fully automatic process, depositing unalloyed steel, alloyed steel and non‑ferrous alloys. Manual metal arc welding, gas‑shielded metal arc welding with solid wires, metal‑cored and flux‑cored wires and arc welding with self‑shielded flux‑cored wires are included within the scope of this document.

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    24 pages
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  • Standard
    26 pages
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ISO 20553:2006 specifies the minimum requirements for the design of professional programmes to monitor workers exposed to the risk of internal contamination by radioactive substances and establishes principles for the development of compatible goals and requirements for monitoring programmes.

  • Standard
    30 pages
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ISO 13578:2017 specifies the general safety requirements for electric arc furnaces (EAF) to melt steel not containing radioactive material. NOTE Radioactive material is considered to be detected in front of the steel plant entrance. ISO 13578:2017 deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations and events as listed in Table 1 pertinent to EAF, when used as intended and under conditions foreseen by the manufacturer, and also includes foreseeable faults and malfunctions in case of misuse. ISO 13578:2017 also specifies criteria for the plant and equipment integrated in the production process. ISO 13578:2017 specifies the requirements to be followed during design to ensure the safety of persons, which are to be met during transport, assembly, commissioning, operation, maintenance and decommissioning of the equipment. ISO 13578:2017 assumes that installations are operated and maintained by adequately trained personnel. Manual intervention for setting, adjustment and maintenance is accepted as part of the normal use of the equipment. ISO 13578:2017 covers the following equipment (see Annex B, Tables B.1 and B.2, and Annex C, Figures C.1 and C.2): - EAF with alternating current (AC) technology; - EAF with direct current (DC) technology; - scrap preheating technology; - associated equipment/devices (e.g. inert gas stirring, carbon and oxygen injection systems). The following equipment is not covered by ISO 13578:2017: - induction furnace; - resistance-arc furnace (e.g. submerged arc furnace); - electron beam furnace; - plasma furnace; - other electrical furnaces used in secondary steelmaking, e.g. ladle furnace. ISO 13578:2017 does not specify safety requirements for the following equipment, which can be an integral or complementary part of the equipment covered by the scope: - cranes; - shell lifting cross beam; - scrap basket, steel ladle and slag pot; - transport cars for scrap baskets, steel ladles and slag pots; - dedusting system; - "dog house" and "elephant house" (furnace enclosures for environmental reasons); - alloying system; - separate scrap drying equipment; - furnace transformer and high-voltage system; - robots/manipulators (e.g. for temperature measurement and sampling).

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    36 pages
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ISO 7243:2017 presents a screening method for evaluating the heat stress to which a person is exposed and for establishing the presence or absence of heat stress.
It applies to the evaluation of the effect of heat on a person during his or her total exposure over the working day (up to 8 h).
It does not apply for very short exposures to heat.
It applies to the assessment of indoor and outdoor occupational environments as well as to other types of environment, and to male and female adults who are fit for work.

  • Standard
    26 pages
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This European Standard provides a general procedure to assess workers’ exposure to electric and magnetic fields (EMF) in work places associated with the production, transmission and distribution of electric energy, and to demonstrate compliance with exposure limit values and action levels as stated in the Council and European Parliament “EMF” Directive 2013/35/EU [10].
It has the role of a specific workplace standard. It takes into account the non-binding application guide for implementing the EMF Directive [9] and it defines the assessment procedures and compliance criteria applicable to the electric industry.
The frequency range of this standard covers from DC to 20 kHz, which is sufficient to include the power frequency used for electric power supply systems throughout Europe (50 Hz) and the various harmonics and inter-harmonics occurring in the supply system. In this extremely low frequency range, electric and magnetic fields are independent and, therefore, they both have to be addressed in the exposure assessment.
NOTE 1   Electrical companies also use radio frequency transmissions to operate and maintain their networks and power plants. Similarly, other exposures to EMF may occur during maintenance operations, for instance, due to the use of hand-held electrical tools. All these EMF sources are outside the scope of this standard.
NOTE 2   Regarding EMF in the low frequency range, the scientific basis of the EMF directive is the ICNIRP health guidelines published in 2010 [12]. Reference is made to this scientific basis when necessary for justifying or clarifying some of the technical statements of the present document.

  • Standard
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This European Standard provides the procedure for the specific assessment required in EN 50527-1:2016,
Annex A, for workers with implanted pacemakers. It offers different approaches for doing the risk
assessment. The most suitable one will be used. If the worker has other Active Implantable Medical Devices
(AIMDs) implanted additionally, they need to be assessed separately.
The purpose of the specific assessment is to determine the risk for workers with implanted pacemakers
arising from exposure to electromagnetic fields at the workplace. The assessment includes the likelihood of
clinically significant effects and takes account of both transient and long-term exposure within specific areas
of the workplace.
NOTE 1 This standard does not address risks from contact currents.
The techniques described in the different approaches may also be used for the assessment of publicly
accessible areas.
The frequency range to be observed is from 0 Hz to 3 GHz. Above 3 GHz no interference with the
pacemaker occurs when the exposure limits are not exceeded.
NOTE 2 The rationale for limiting the observation range to 3 GHz can be found in ISO 14117:2012, Clause 5.

  • Standard
    70 pages
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This European Standard provides a procedure to assess the risk to workers bearing one or more active
implantable medical devices from exposure to electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields at a workplace. It
describes how a general risk assessment should be performed and determines whether it is necessary to
carry out a detailed risk assessment.
NOTE 1 This European Standard does not cover indirect effects caused by non active implants.
NOTE 2 The risk of human exposure to EMF considered is only due to malfunctioning of AIMD. Possibilities of AIMD
contribution to the risk, e.g. local modification of the distribution of EMF produced by external source or production of
own EMF, are covered by the respective product standards for the AIMD.
Based on specific workplace standards it can be determined whether preventive measures/actions need to
be taken to comply with the provisions of Directive 2013/35/EU. The work situation covered is considered to
be under normal working conditions including normal operation, maintenance, cleaning and other situations
being part of the normal work.
The frequencies covered are from 0 Hz to 300 GHz.
The European Parliament and Council Directive 2013/35/EU will be transposed into national legislation in all
the EU member countries. It is recommended that users of this standard consult the national legislation
related to this transposition in order to identify the national regulations and requirements. These national
regulations and requirements may have additional requirements that are not covered by this standard and
take precedence.
NOTE 3 Performance requirements with respect to active implantable medical devices are excluded from the Scope
of this standard. These are defined in the relevant particular standards for active implantable medical devices.
The risk assessment described in this standard is only required if an AIMD-Employee is present.
Active Implantable Medical Devices (AIMDs) are regulated by Directive 90/385/EEC and the amendments to
it.
NOTE 4 Product standards EN 45502–1 and of the EN 45502–2-X series describe the product requirements for
different kinds of AIMDs. Different kinds of AIMDs are e.g. pacemaker (EN 45502–2–1), implantable cardioverter
defibrillators (EN 45502–2–2), cochlear implants (EN 45502–2–3), implantable neurostimulators (ISO 14708-3),
implantable infusion pumps (ISO 14708-4).
In situations where the risk assessment following this standard does not lead to a conclusion,
complementary provisions for the assessment of workers exposure for different kinds of AIMDs are given in
particular standards for these specific AIMDs (see Figure 1).

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This document defines minimum functional and non-functional requirements for developing a Track Warning Systems (TWS) to warn persons during their work on or nearby the track about the approaching of trains or rail vehicles using acoustical and visual TWS-Signals. These systems may also be able to influence the approaching of trains and rail vehicles by stoppage function.
This European Standard is applicable:
- to systems, sub-systems and components within TWS, including those containing software; in particular;
- to new TWS;
- to new integrations of systems, sub-systems and components into existing TWS;
- to modifications of TWS developed according to this standard.
For single warning units (e.g. simple electrical horns) it is recommended to use this standard, too.
This document does not deal with:
- hazards during the installation of the TWS caused by trains or rail vehicles on the lines;
- hazards caused by the improper use of TWS;
- hazards caused by the improper behaviour of persons working on or nearby the track;
- CO2-tyfone, human operated pressure signal horns, flags, detonators or machine warning systems according to UIC 644;
- national safety regulations to plan and operate TWS in track.

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This European Standard deals with requirements for barriers to give users the possibility to prevent workers from entering the danger zone unintentionally by the use of such barriers.
This standard defines minimum requirements and test procedures for these barriers concerning the dimensions, the stability and electrical properties.
This standard also gives recommendations for the marking (visual demarcation line) where a person would enter the danger zone.
For combinations of barriers and TWS see also WI 00256403.
This standard contains remarks for electrical hazards by a third rail.
This standard does not deal with:
- risk assessment for safety protection on the track during work;
- hierarchy of safety measure for safety protection on the track during work;
- safety measure to provide safe working and safe train operation in the area of a work site;
- national safety regulations to plan and operate barriers in track;
- safety regulations and additional requirements e.g. due to national or operational rules or negotiation between the user and the manufacturer;
- electrical hazards by different potential of different electrified circuits.

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This European Standard provides a procedure to assess the risk to workers bearing one or more active implantable medical devices from exposure to electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields at a workplace. It describes how a general risk assessment should be performed and determines whether it is necessary to carry out a detailed risk assessment. NOTE 1 This European Standard does not cover indirect effects caused by non active implants. NOTE 2 The risk of human exposure to EMF considered is only due to malfunctioning of AIMD. Possibilities of AIMD contribution to the risk, e.g. local modification of the distribution of EMF produced by external source or production of own EMF, are covered by the respective product standards for the AIMD. Based on specific workplace standards it can be determined whether preventive measures/actions need to be taken to comply with the provisions of Directive 2013/35/EU. The work situation covered is considered to be under normal working conditions including normal operation, maintenance, cleaning and other situations being part of the normal work. The frequencies covered are from 0 Hz to 300 GHz. The European Parliament and Council Directive 2013/35/EU will be transposed into national legislation in all the EU member countries. It is recommended that users of this standard consult the national legislation related to this transposition in order to identify the national regulations and requirements. These national regulations and requirements may have additional requirements that are not covered by this standard and take precedence. NOTE 3 Performance requirements with respect to active implantable medical devices are excluded from the Scope of this standard. These are defined in the relevant particular standards for active implantable medical devices. The risk assessment described in this standard is only required if an AIMD-Employee is present. Active Implantable Medical Devices (AIMDs) are regulated by Directive 90/385/EEC and the amendments to it. NOTE 4 Product standards EN 45502-1 and of the EN 45502-2-X series describe the product requirements for different kinds of AIMDs. Different kinds of AIMDs are e.g. pacemaker (EN 45502-2-1), implantable cardioverter defibrillators (EN 45502-2-2), cochlear implants (EN 45502-2-3), implantable neurostimulators (ISO 14708-3), implantable infusion pumps (ISO 14708-4). In situations where the risk assessment following this standard does not lead to a conclusion, complementary provisions for the assessment of workers exposure for different kinds of AIMDs are given in particular standards for these specific AIMDs (see Figure 1). (...) Figure 1 - Structure of the EN 50527 family of standards

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This part of ISO 14122 gives general requirements for access to stationary machines and guidance about
the correct choice of means of access when necessary access to the stationary machine is not possible
directly from the ground level or from a floor.
It is applicable to permanent means of access which are a part of a stationary machine, and also to nonpowered
adjustable parts (e.g. foldable, slidable) and movable parts of fixed means of access.
NOTE 1 “Fixed” means of access are those mounted in such a manner (for example, by screws, nuts, welding)
that they can only be removed by the use of tools.
This part of ISO 14122 specifies minimum requirements that also apply when the same means of access
is required as the part of the building or civil construction (e.g. working platforms, walkways, ladders)
where the machine is installed, on condition that the main function of that part of the construction is to
provide a means of access to the machine.
NOTE 2 Where no local regulation or standards exist, this part of ISO 14122 can be used for means of access
which are outside the scope of the standard.
It is intended that this part of ISO 14122 be used with a relevant access-specific part of ISO 14122.
The ISO 14122 series as a whole is applicable to both stationary and mobile machinery where fixed
means of access are necessary. It is not applicable to powered means of access such as lifts, escalators,
or other devices specially designed to lift persons between two levels.
This part of ISO 14122 is not applicable to machinery manufactured before the date of its publication.
For the significant hazards covered by this part of ISO 14122, see Clause 4.

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This part of ISO 14122 gives requirements for non-powered stairs, stepladders and guard-rails which
are a part of a stationary machine, and to the non-powered adjustable parts (e.g. foldable, slidable) and
movable parts of those fixed means of access.
NOTE 1 “Fixed” means of access are those mounted in such a manner (for example, by screws, nuts, welding)
that they can only be removed by the use of tools.
This part of ISO 14122 specifies minimum requirements that also apply when the same means of access
is required as the part of the building or civil construction (e.g. stairs, stepladders, guard-rails) where
the machine is installed, on condition that the main function of that part of the construction is to
provide a means of access to the machine.
NOTE 2 Where no local regulation or standards exists, this part of ISO 14122 may be used also for means of
access which are outside the scope of the standard.
It is intended that this part of ISO 14122 be used with ISO 14122-1 to give the requirements for steps,
stepladders and guard-rails.
The ISO 14122 series as a whole is applicable to both stationary and mobile machinery where fixed
means of access are necessary. It is not applicable to powered means of access such as lifts, escalators,
or other devices specially designed to lift persons between two levels.
This part of ISO 14122 is not applicable to machinery manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This part of ISO 14122 gives requirements for fixed ladders which are a part of a stationary machine,
and to the non-powered adjustable parts (e.g. foldable, slidable) and movable parts of fixed ladder
systems.
NOTE 1 “Fixed” means of access are those mounted in such a manner (for example, by screws, nuts, welding)
that they can only be removed by the use of tools.
This part of ISO 14122 specifies minimum requirements that also apply when the same means of access
is required as the part of the building or civil construction (e.g. fixed ladders) where the machine is
installed, on condition that the main function of that part of the construction is to provide a means of
access to the machine.
NOTE 2 Where no local regulation or standards exists, this part of ISO 14122 may be used also for means of
access which are outside the scope of the standard.
It is intended that this part of ISO 14122 be used with ISO 14122-1 to give the requirements for fixed
ladder systems.
The ISO 14122 series as a whole is applicable to both stationary and mobile machinery where fixed
means of access are necessary. It is not applicable to powered means of access such as lifts, escalators,
or other devices specially designed to lift persons between two levels.
This part of ISO 14122 is not applicable to machinery manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This part of ISO 14122 gives requirements for non-powered working platforms and walkways which
are a part of a stationary machine, and to the non-powered adjustable parts (e.g. foldable, sliding) and
movable parts of those fixed means of access.
NOTE 1 “Fixed” means of access are those mounted in such a manner (for example, by screws, nuts, welding)
that they can only be removed by the use of tools.
This part of ISO 14122 specifies minimum requirements that also apply when the same means of access
is required as the part of the building or civil construction (e.g. working platforms, walkways) where
the machine is installed, on condition that the main function of that part of the construction is to
provide a means of access to the machine.
NOTE 2 Where no local regulation or standards exist, this part of ISO 14122 can be used for means of access
which are outside the scope of the standard.
It is intended that this part of ISO 14122 be used with ISO 14122-1 to give the requirements for walking
platforms and walkways.
The ISO 14122 series as a whole is applicable to both stationary and mobile machinery where fixed
means of access are necessary. It is not applicable to powered means of access such as lifts, escalators,
or other devices specially designed to lift persons between two levels.
This part of ISO 14122 is not applicable to machinery manufactured before the date of its publication.

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ISO 13577-3:2016 specifies safety requirements for generation and use of protective and reactive atmosphere gases that are part of industrial thermo-processing equipment (TPE). NOTE The general safety requirements common to TPE are provided in ISO 13577‑1 (see Introduction). ISO 13577-3:2016 deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the generation and use of protective and reactive atmosphere gases created by thermochemical reactions and their use in TPE that are part of TPE as listed in Clause 4 and Clause 5, when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. It covers - pipework downstream of and including the manual isolating valve, - equipment for the generation of atmosphere gases, - additional equipment for the use of atmosphere gases in TPE, - safety devices, and - functional requirements for safety related control system for the generation and use of protective and reactive atmosphere gases. It applies to the supply of atmosphere gas, source gas, inert gas and process liquids to TPE and their removal from TPE, confined to equipment integrated in the TPE. ISO 13577-3:2016 also details the anticipated significant hazards associated with atmosphere gas systems and their use in TPE and specifies the appropriate preventative measures for the reduction or elimination of these hazards. The pressure hazard of the piping and components covered by this standard is within the maximum pressure/size relationship of group I as described in Annex C. It - specifies the requirements to be met to ensure the safety of persons and property during installation, commissioning, start up, operation, shutdown and maintenance, - does not cover the relevant risks involved in the flue gas ducting system when it is not considered a part of TPE, - is not applicable to utility supply upstream of the TPE main disconnects, - does not apply to TPE for semi-conductor devices, - does not apply to TPE with atmosphere, such as air and flue gas from an over stoichiometric combustion, - does not cover the decommissioning of the TPE, - does not cover vacuum furnaces, - does not deal with the hazard of noise which is covered in ISO 13577‑1, - is not applicable to generation and use of atmosphere gas in TPE and associated plant which is manufactured before the date of its publication, and - gives the necessary requirements for the information for use. A TPE designed according to ISO 13577-3:2016 does not create any potentially explosive atmosphere in the area around the TPE and is not designed to be located in an area with a potentially explosive or hazardous atmosphere. A table of typical protective and reactive gases is given in Annex B.

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ISO 13577-1:2016 the general safety requirements common to industrial furnaces and associated processing equipment (TPE). ISO 13577-1:2016 deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events relevant to TPE, as listed in Annex A, when TPE is used as intended and also under conditions of misuse that are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer. Annex B provides a list of common industrial furnaces and associated processing equipment. This document specifies the requirements intended to be met by the manufacturer to ensure the safety of persons and property during commissioning, start-up, operation, shut-down, maintenance periods and dismantling, as well as in the event of foreseeable faults or malfunctions that can occur in the equipment. These general safety requirements apply to all TPE, unless an exception is given in other parts of ISO 13577 dealing with specific equipment. The provisions of other parts of ISO 13577 that directly apply to specific types of TPE take precedence over the provisions of this document. ISO 13577-1:2016 is not applicable to blast furnaces, converters (in steel plants), boilers or equipment not covered under ISO 12100.

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This European Standard deals with principles for the control of risks to health due to hazardous substances from machinery.
This European Standard is not applicable to substances which are a hazard to health solely because of their explosive, flammable or radioactive properties or their behaviour at extremes of temperature or pressure.

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This standard defines the requirements for a training programme to train risk assessors to be competent to assess the health risks posed by chemical substances.

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This Standard specifies safety requirements for transparent welding curtains, strips and screens to be used for shielding of work places from their surroundings where arc welding processes are used. They are designed to protect people who are not involved in the welding process from hazardous radiant emissions from welding arcs and spatter. Welding curtains, strips and screens specified in this standard are not intended to replace welding filters. For intentional viewing of welding arcs other means of protection shall be used. The present standard is not applicable for welding processes where laser radiation is used.

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ISO 25980:2014 specifies safety requirements for transparent welding curtains, strips, and screens to be used for shielding of work places from their surroundings where arc welding processes are used. They are designed to protect people who are not involved in the welding process from hazardous radiant emissions from welding arcs and spatter.
Welding curtains, strips, and screens it specifies are not intended to replace welding filters. For intentional viewing of welding arcs other means of protection are used.
It is not applicable for welding processes where laser radiation is used.
NOTE Darker welding curtains or screens are advisable for mutual separation of adjacent work places for reasons of comfort.

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ISO 25980:2014 specifies safety requirements for transparent welding curtains, strips, and screens to be used for shielding of work places from their surroundings where arc welding processes are used. They are designed to protect people who are not involved in the welding process from hazardous radiant emissions from welding arcs and spatter. Welding curtains, strips, and screens it specifies are not intended to replace welding filters. For intentional viewing of welding arcs other means of protection are used. It is not applicable for welding processes where laser radiation is used. NOTE Darker welding curtains or screens are advisable for mutual separation of adjacent work places for reasons of comfort.

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ISO 13577-2:2014 specifies the safety requirements for combustion and fuel handling systems that are part of industrial furnaces and associated processing equipment (TPE). It deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to combustion and fuel handling systems, when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. ISO 13577-2:2014 covers: fuel pipework downstream of and including the manual isolating valve; combustion air supply (including oxygen and oxygen enriched combustion air) and flue gas system; burner(s), burner system and ignition device; functional requirements for safety related control system. It applies to any oxidation with air or other gases containing free oxygen of gaseous and liquid fuels or any combustion of them to release thermal energy in TPE. For thermal or catalytic post combustion and waste incineration, ISO 13577-2:2014 applies only to auxiliary burners designed to start-up and/or support the process. ISO 13577-2:2014 also gives the necessary requirements regarding information for use.

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ISO/TR 18786:2014 provides guidance for the assessment of the health and safety aspects of welding fabrication of metallic materials, including on-site and repair work. It applies to welding and allied processes which are covered by the following processes in accordance with ISO 4063: arc welding (process number 1); gas welding (process number 3); cutting and gouging [process number 8 (excluding 84 laser cutting)]. For its purposes, allied processes includes joint preparation and grinding. Other processes, such as the following, might have similar health and safety aspects but are not directly addressed: soldering and brazing; thermal spraying; pre-heating and post weld heat treatments; flame straightening and mechanical straightening. ISO/TR 18786:2014 includes a list of hazards, harms and damages with reference to assessment procedures and a guide for possible preventive actions.

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ISO/TR 13392:2014 provides guidance, based on the experiences of experts, on the components of fume emitted from a range of arc welding processes and consumable types.

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ISO 13577-4:2014 specifies the requirements for protective systems used in industrial furnaces and associated processing equipment (TPE). The functional requirements to which the protective systems apply are specified in the other parts of ISO 13577.

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