Cranes — Competency requirements for crane drivers (operators), slingers, signallers and assessors

This International Standard gives competency requirements applicable for the selection, training, assessment and verification of crane drivers (operators), slingers, signallers and their assessors. This International Standard does not cover additional competency requirements needed for special operations, e.g. man-lifting, pile-driving or pile-pulling. NOTE 1 Responsibilities for the performance of tasks are given in ISO 12480-1. However, personnel need to be aware of the responsibilities of others; inclusion in the training programme should not infer any changes in responsibilities. NOTE 2 For training of drivers (operators), see ISO 9926.

Appareils de levage à charge suspendue — Compétences requises pour les conducteurs (opérateurs), les élingueurs, les signaleurs et les contrôleurs

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Published
Publication Date
03-May-2000
Current Stage
9020 - International Standard under periodical review
Start Date
15-Jan-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 15513
First edition
2000-05-01
Cranes — Competency requirements for
crane drivers (operators), slingers,
signallers and assessors
Appareils de levage à charge suspendue — Compétences requises pour
les conducteurs (opérateurs), les élingueurs, les signaleurs et les
contrôleurs
Reference number
ISO 15513:2000(E)
ISO 2000
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ISO 15513:2000(E)
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© ISO 2000

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ii © ISO 2000 – All rights reserved
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ISO 15513:2000(E)
Contents Page

Foreword.....................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction.................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ..............................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................................................1

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................................1

4 Assessment.....................................................................................................................................................3

4.1 General............................................................................................................................................................3

4.2 Written assessment.......................................................................................................................................4

4.3 Oral assessment ............................................................................................................................................4

4.4 Results ............................................................................................................................................................4

4.5 Reassessment................................................................................................................................................4

5 Competency requirements..............................................................................................................................4

5.1 General............................................................................................................................................................4

5.2 Competency requirements for the crane driver (operator) .......................................................................4

5.3 Competence requirements for the slinger ................................................................................................11

5.4 Competency requirements for the signaller .............................................................................................14

5.5 Evidence of assessments ...........................................................................................................................16

6 Assessors, accreditation body and verification of assessment.............................................................17

6.1 Assessors.....................................................................................................................................................17

6.2 Accreditation body ......................................................................................................................................18

6.3 Verification of assessment .........................................................................................................................19

6.4 Requirements of assessors........................................................................................................................19

Annex A (informative) Assessment summary for slinger certificate...................................................................22

Annex B (informative) Assessment summary for jib crane operator ..................................................................23

Annex C (informative) Assessment of crane drivers (operators), slingers and signallers ...............................24

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ISO 15513:2000(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO

member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical

committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has

the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in

liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical

Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 3.

Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting.

Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this International Standard may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard ISO 15513 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 96, Cranes, Subcommittee SC 5,

Use, operation and maintenance.
Annexes A, B and C of this International Standard are for information only.
iv © ISO 2000 – All rights reserved
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ISO 15513:2000(E)
Introduction

The objective of this International Standard is to achieve uniform competency standards for work involving crane

drivers (operator) slingers, signallers and their assessors.
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 15513:2000(E)
Cranes — Competency requirements for crane drivers (operators),
slingers, signallers and assessors
1 Scope

This International Standard gives competency requirements applicable for the selection, training, assessment and

verification of crane drivers (operators), slingers, signallers and their assessors.

This International Standard does not cover additional competency requirements needed for special operations, e.g.

man-lifting, pile-driving or pile-pulling.

NOTE 1 Responsibilities for the performance of tasks are given in ISO 12480-1. However, personnel need to be aware of the

responsibilities of others; inclusion in the training programme should not infer any changes in responsibilities.

NOTE 2 For training of drivers (operators), see ISO 9926.
2 Normative references

The following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of

this International Standard. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these

publications do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this International Standard are encouraged to

investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For

undated references, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of ISO and IEC

maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.
ISO 4306-1:1990, Cranes — Vocabulary — Part 1: General.
ISO 4306-2: 1994, Cranes — Vocabulary — Part 2: Mobile cranes.
ISO 4306-3:1991, Cranes — Vocabulary — Part 3: Tower cranes.
ISO 9926 (all parts), Cranes — Training of drivers.
ISO 12480-1:1997, Cranes — Safe use — Part 1: General.
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this International Standard, the definitions of crane types given in ISO 4306-1, ISO 4306-2,

ISO 4306-3 and ISO 12480-1 apply, together with the following definitions. For definitions of crane personnel see

also ISO 12480-1.
3.1
accreditation

process of granting official formal recognition to assessors and other successful candidates of competency

assessments

NOTE Accreditation normally involves the provision of a statement of competency, an award or some other formal credit

arrangement by a training authority, a vocational educational institution or an accreditation body.

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ISO 15513:2000(E)
3.2
accreditation body

organization which oversees the assessment of candidates to prescribed competency standards

3.3
assessment
process of judging competency against prescribed standards of performance
3.4
assessor

person who makes judgements of skills and knowledge of a crane driver (operator), slinger and/or signaller

NOTE The assessment process ensures that the outcome of the training and educational programmes presented to

trainees provides the required standard of competency. The accreditation body manages the assessment system and ongoing

accreditation.
3.5
competency

ability to perform the activities within an occupation or function to the standard expected in the task

NOTE Competent use and operation of industrial equipment is defined in terms of core knowledge and skills and

applications required for particular types of work associated with the use and application of different classes of equipment. It

covers demonstrated knowledge and skills in identifying hazards and eliminating or minimizing risks arising from hazards, safe

and healthy work practices, and employer and employee responsibilities as defined in the general duties of care, occupational

health and safety legislation.
3.5.1
competency standard

standard which reflects the specification of knowledge and skill, and the application of that knowledge and skill to

the standard of performance required in the task

NOTE Competency standards are developed by the interested parties, based upon the organization of work, expressed in

terms of workplace results, and should be regularly reviewed to ensure their continuing relevance to the workplace.

3.5.2
element of competency

basic building block of the unit of competency which describes an action or outcome which is demonstrable and

assessable
3.5.3
unit of competency

discrete product comprising a title, a short description of purpose where appropriate, and the elements of

competency, together with their associated performance criteria

NOTE Elements of competency describe the lowest logical, identifiable and discrete subgrouping of actions and knowledge

whichcontributetoand buildaunitofcompetency.
3.6
crane driver [operator]

person who operates the crane for the purpose of positioning loads or erecting the crane

NOTE 1 Adapted from ISO 12480-1.

NOTE 2 For mobile cranes, the term “operator’’ is often used instead of “driver’’, and the term “driver” is then used to refer to

that person who operates only those controls which move the crane from place to place.

3.7
crane shut-down
preparation for leaving the crane unattended
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ISO 15513:2000(E)
3.8
performance criterion

evaluative statement which specifies what is to be assessed and the required level of performance

NOTE The performance criteria specify the activities, skills, knowledge and understanding which are evidenced by

competent performance.
3.9
signaller
person responsible for relaying the signal from the slinger to the crane driver

NOTE The signaller may be given the responsibility for directing movements of the crane and load instead of the slinger,

provided that only one person has the responsibility at any one time. For further information on signallers' duties, etc. see 5.5.1

and 5.5.2 in ISO 12480-1:1997.
3.10
slinger

person responsible for attaching and detaching the load to and from the crane load-lifting attachment and for the

use of the correct lifting gear and equipment in accordance with the operating plan for proper positioning of loads

NOTE According to 5.4.1 in ISO 12480-1:1997, the slinger is responsible for initiating the planned movement of the crane

and load. If there is more than one slinger, only one of them should have this responsibility at any one time, depending on their

positions relative to the crane. For further information on slingers' duties, etc. see 5.4.1 and 5.4.2 in ISO 12480-1:1997.

4 Assessment
4.1 General
4.1.1 An assessment shall be made of the following persons:
a) assessor;
b) operator/driver;
c) slinger;
d) signaller.

4.1.2 The competencies which an assessor shall possess before being authorized as an assessor for the

purposes of this International Standard are:

a) technical knowledge relating to the operation and management of the particular type of crane or slinging

techniques for which the person is to be authorized to assess applicants; and
b) ability to judge competencies against prescribed standards.

4.1.3 The competencies which an operator/driver shall possess before being authorized to operate a crane or

hoist are a technical knowledge and practical capability relating to the correct and safe operation of the particular

type of crane (see 5.3.1 in ISO 12480-1:1997).

4.1.4 The competencies which a slinger shall possess before being authorized as a slinger are:

a) the application of slinging techniques and
b) the capability to direct the crane driver (operator).

4.1.5 The competency which a signaller shall possess before being authorized as a signaller is the application of

signalling methods.
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ISO 15513:2000(E)
4.2 Written assessment

Where the assessment process includes a written assessment paper, the following criteria shall be observed.

a) The written assessment should be constructed to not exceed a duration of 60 min.

b) Sufficient time shall be given to a candidate to complete the test.

NOTE If the assessor becomes aware the candidate has a written-language deficiency, additional time may be permitted to

complete the paper.

c) Assistance may be given to the candidate with a written-language deficiency. Any person rendering such

assistance shall not prompt the candidate nor help the candidate in any other way. If the candidate has limited

literacy skills, the answers may be accepted orally. In this case the assessor shall record all answers. In some

certificate classes, specific literacy skills are required to meet the competencies, i.e. estimation or calculation

of loads or reading of a load chart. In these situations, oral assistance shall not be rendered.

d) The candidate shall be suitably proficient in the language to be able to read the questions set in the

assessment without assistance.

e) The candidate shall express the technical requirements for the assessment in a manner in which they can be

correctly interpreted. Incorrect spelling or grammar shall not prejudice the result of the assessment.

f) If additional time or assistance has been permitted, this shall be clearly stated, with the reason, on the

Assessment Report.
4.3 Oral assessment

Where the candidate has limited spoken ability of the language of the assessment, the assessor should provide

additional explanation, without compromising the assessment, at a level appropriate to the work and equipment.

4.4 Results

In order to be considered “Competent”, the candidates shall achieve sufficient marks in every area and section to

demonstrate competence. A candidate who does not attain such a result shall be considered “Not Yet Competent”

and marked accordingly.
4.5 Reassessment

Where an assessment indicates “Not Yet Competent” in an area or section of the paper, the candidate may be

reassessed for that area or section only after additional training in that area or section.

5 Competency requirements
5.1 General

Subclauses 5.2, 5.3 and 5.4 detail the parameters for assessing the skills and knowledge of the crane driver

(operator), slinger and signaller.
5.2 Competency requirements for the crane driver (operator)
5.2.1 General
The requirements are subdivided into the following competency units:
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ISO 15513:2000(E)
a) Competency unit 1 — Access and secure equipment and work area
� Plan work,
� conduct routine checks and inspections,
� test controls and safety devices,
� shut down the crane.
b) Competency unit 2 — Secure and transfer load
� Secure load,
� conduct trial lift,
� transfer load.

c) Competency unit 3 — Set-up, assembly and disassembly of cranes where such operations are carried

out by the crane driver
� Plan assembly/disassembly,
� set up crane,
� disassemble crane.
d) Competency unit 4 — Carry out special operations
� Displace crane,
� carry out multiple-crane lift.
5.2.2 Competency unit 1 — Assess and secure equipment and work area
5.2.2.1 Element of competence — Plan work
Performance criteria:

a) a workplace operations plan is developed in consultation with the relevant authorized workplace personnel.

The plan takes into account job requirements, priorities, workplace rules and procedures, identified hazards

and hazard control measures;

b) site hazards, such as those listed below, are identified and correct hazard control strategies developed in

accordance with the appropriate standard:
� overhead power lines;
� trees;
� overhead service lines such as steam, gas, water, telephone;
� underground services;
� uneven and/or unstable ground;
� allowable floor loading as appropriate;
� presence of other workers and persons;
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ISO 15513:2000(E)
� surrounding buildings/vessels/structures/equipment;
� hazardous materials;
� corrosive substances;
� barricades;
� inadequate lighting;
� radio interference;
� inclement weather;
� other equipment

c) emergency procedures are planned to take into account the location of first-aid and fire-fighting equipment,

amenities and access/exit points in the workplace for emergency vehicles and emergency personnel. This

includes, where necessary, deciding to abort crane operations where levels of illumination are inadequate;

d) precautions are taken to accommodate the effects of weather conditions in accordance with the appropriate

standard. This includes, where necessary, deciding to abort crane operations where weather conditions

exceed acceptable limits;

e) the operations plan ensures that the work area is correctly illuminated and restricted to authorized personnel

only;

f) the crane load chart is located and information on permissible loads, radii, weights, boom and jib

configurations noted and taken into account in operational plans;

g) the signals and signalling systems to be used are confirmed with associated personnel, in accordance with the

appropriate standard;

h) the use of safety tags on electrical switches/isolators (where relevant) is noted and correct hazard control

procedures developed in consultation with authorized personnel.
5.2.2.2 Element of competence — Conduct routine checks and inspections
Performance criteria:

a) routine pre-operational equipment checks are carried out in accordance with the checklist provided for the

crane and all lifting attachments fitted to the crane;

b) the service log book for the cranes is checked to ensure all service requirements have been met and action

taken as required;

c) prior to operation, equipment and site area are visually checked for any evidence of damage, structural

weakness or interference, and any faults reported to an authorized person for corrective action. All defects

shall be correctly recorded in the relevant log book.
5.2.2.3 Element of competence — Test controls and safety devices
Performance criteria:

a) the crane is started in accordance with equipment procedures and checks made for any abnormal noise or

movement. Any abnormal operation is reported to an authorized person for corrective action;

b) the operating and emergency controls and safety devices are located and identified, and their correct

operation tested in accordance with prescribed procedures;
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ISO 15513:2000(E)

c) all communication equipment, lighting and alarm systems are checked for correct operation;

d) damaged or inoperative controls, communication equipment, safety devices, guards, lighting or alarms, etc.

are reported to authorized personnel for corrective action, and all defects entered into the crane´s service log

book;

e) the operation radii of the crane for intended operations is/are verified and measured, taking into account the

estimated increase in radius due to boom deflection. The boom is slewed at the planned radii to check that

there are no unanticipated complications or obstructions of boom/load or tail-swing equipment.

5.2.2.4 Element of competence — Shut down crane
Performance criteria:

a) the crane is shut down using the correct sequence of procedures in accordance with manufacturer´s

instructions;

b) routine post-operational equipment checks are carried out in accordance with the checklist provided for the

crane;
c) the relevant motion locks and brakes are applied;

d) all lifting equipment is checked in consultation with associated personnel for any signs of wear or damage in

accordance with the appropriate standard. All defects shall be correctly recorded in the relevant log book;

e) all damaged equipment is segregated and reported to an authorized person for corrective action or

replacement. All defects shall be correctly recorded in the relevant log book;

f) the crane and equipment are correctly stowed and secured in accordance with manufacturer´s instructions and

the appropriate standard.
5.2.3 Competency unit 2 — Secure and transfer load
5.2.3.1 Element of competence — Secure load
Performance criteria:

a) the mass of the load and rigging in use is correctly assessed in consultation with associated personnel;

b) the sling configuration and choice of lifting gear are checked, in consultation with associated personnel, to

ensure:
� they are appropriate for safe operation,
� they will not damage the load,
� they satisfy the requirements of the appropriate standard,
� corrective action is taken when required,
� all defects are correctly recorded in the relevant log book.

c) the use of packing or dunnage to protect the load or to facilitate the connection of lifting gear is checked for

correct application in consultation with associated personnel. Corrective action is taken if required;

d) cranes fitted with lifting attachments (e.g. grabs, forks, clamps) shall be operated in accordance with the

instructions of the lifting attachment manufacturer.
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ISO 15513:2000(E)
5.2.3.2 Element of competence — Conduct trial lift
Performance criteria:

a) a trial lift, particularly for near-capacity loads or loads of unusual weight distribution or shape, is carried out

according to workplace procedures;

b) with the load just suspended off the lifting plane, checks are made in consultation with associated personnel

that:
� the load is correctly slung,
� all crane equipment is functioning properly,

� hydraulic or pneumatic systems (where relevant) are at the required operating pressure;

c) where a trial lift reveals an unacceptable operational situation, the load is lowered and appropriate corrective

action taken;

d) where load-measuring devices are fitted, the assessed weight is verified and load/radius calculations are

revised as required;
e) planned hazard control strategies are implemented.
5.2.3.3 Element of competence — Transfer load
Performance criteria:

a) load is hoisted and lowered into position using all relevant crane movements in accordance with the

appropriate standard. The necessary movements may include:
� luffing;
� slewing;
� hoisting (raising and lowering);
� telescoping boom;
� travelling.
b) jib is positioned to ensure load to be lifted is vertically under hook;

c) each load is assessed in consultation with associated personnel for the need for a tag handline. Where control

of the load is critical, a decision is made to attach a suitable tagline;

d) all required signals are correctly given and interpreted in accordance with the appropriate standard;

e) planned hazard-control strategies are implemented.
5.2.3.4 Range statement for competency units 5.2.2 and 5.2.3
This range statement applies to competency units 5.2.2 and 5.2.3.

All elements are to be satisfied in the normal workplace environment(s) or equivalent.

The performance criteria for these units of competence is applicable to all configurations of the following cranes:

� tower cranes;
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ISO 15513:2000(E)
� derrick cranes;
� slewing cranes;
� bridge or gantry cranes;
� loader cranes;
� non-slewing mobile cranes;
� slewing mobile cranes.

5.2.4 Competency unit 3 — Set-up, assembly and disassembly where such operations are carried out by

the crane driver
5.2.4.1 Element of competence — Plan assembly/disassembly
Performance criteria:

a) a suitable unobstructed level workplace site is selected for the assembly of the boom or jib;

b) a suitable firm and level standing is correctly chosen and prepared for the location of the crane;

c) the qualification of person(s) authorized to supervise the crane erection/dismantling are checked to verify they

hold the required certificates/experience;

d) planned procedures for both the assembly and disassembly of the crane are developed in accordance with the

appropriate standard and other statutory regulations.
5.2.4.2 Element of competence — Set up crane
Performance criteria:

a) the planned procedures for the assembly of the boom/jib are carried out in accordance with the manufacturer´s

instructions and the requirements of the appropriate standard and other relevant statutory regulations;

b) the outriggers and stabilizers are correctly deployed in accordance with manufacturer´s instructions and the

appropriate standard and other relevant statutory regulations;

c) plate packing is correctly used under the footplates to adequately distribute the load to ensure that the load

capacity of the standing crane is not exceeded;

d) the block is reeved and the boom raised in accordance with the manufacturer´s instructions;

e) set operator's aids and confirm that they complement the crane configuration.
5.2.4.3 Element of competence — Disassemble crane
Performance criteria:

a) the planned procedure for the disassembling of the boom/jib are carried out in accordance with manufacturer´s

instructions and the requirements of the appropriate standard and other relevant statutory regulations;

b) the outriggers and stabilizer are secured and stowed in accordance with manufacturer´s instructions;

c) planned hazard control measures are implemented.
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ISO 15513:2000(E)
5.2.4.4 Range statement for elements 5.2.4.1 to 5.2.4.3
This range statement applies to elements 5.2.4.1 to 5.2.4.3.

All elements shall be satisfied in the normal workplace environment(s) or equivalent.

The performance criteria for these elements of competence are applicable to all configurations of crane for which

assembly/disassembly is performed or normally supervised by the crane driver/operator.

5.2.4.5 Element of competence — Erect and disassemble tower crane
Performance criteria:

a) plans are developed and/or interpreted for the erection, climbing and disassembly of tower cranes, in

conjunction with associated personnel, in accordance with the appropriate standard;

b) certification/experience of associated personnel for the erection of tower cranes is confirmed;

c) planned procedures for the erection, climbing and disassembly of tower cranes are carried out in cooperation

with associated personnel and in accordance with manufacturer's instructions and relevant requirements;

d) planned hazard control measures are implemented.
5.2.4.6 Range statement for element 5.2.4.5
This range statement applies to element 5.2.4.5.
...

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