Building construction -- Accessibility and usability of the built environment

ISO 21542:2011 specifies a range of requirements and recommendations for many of the elements of construction, assemblies, components and fittings which comprise the built environment. These requirements relate to the constructional aspects of access to buildings, to circulation within buildings, to egress from buildings in the normal course of events and evacuation in the event of an emergency. It also deals with aspects of accessibility management in buildings. ISO 21542:2011 contains provisions with respect to features in the external environment directly concerned with access to a building or group of buildings from the edge of the relevant site boundary or between such groups of buildings within a common site. It does not deal with those elements of the external environment, such as public open spaces, whose function is self-contained and unrelated to the use of one specific building, nor does it deal with single family dwellings, other than those circulation spaces and fittings that are common to two or more such dwellings.

Gebäude - Barrierefreiheit von Gebäuden und sonstigen Bauwerken

Construction immobilière -- Accessibilité et facilité d'utilisation de l'environnement bâti

L'ISO 21542:2011 spécifie un certain nombre d'exigences et de recommandations concernant la plupart des éléments de construction, assemblages, composants et accessoires qui constituent l'environnement bâti. Ces exigences portent sur les aspects constructifs liés ŕ l'accčs aux bâtiments, sur la circulation ŕ l'intérieur des bâtiments, sur les moyens de sortie des bâtiments dans le cadre normal des événements et sur l'évacuation en cas d'urgence. Une annexe informative est également incluse. Elle aborde les aspects liés ŕ la gestion de l'accessibilité dans les bâtiments. L'ISO 21542:2011 comprend des dispositions relatives aux caractéristiques de l'environnement extérieur associées directement ŕ l'accčs ŕ un bâtiment ou ŕ un groupe de bâtiments depuis l'extrémité des limites correspondantes du site concerné ou entre les groupes de bâtiments d'un site commun. La présente Norme internationale ne traite cependant pas des éléments de l'environnement extérieur, tels que les espaces publics libres, dont la fonction est autonome et n'est pas liée ŕ l'utilisation d'un bâtiment spécifique, ni des logements individuels, autres que les espaces de circulation et les accessoires communs ŕ deux logements de ce type ou plus.

Gradnja stavb - Dostopnost in uporabnost grajenega okolja

Ta mednarodni standard določa zahteve in priporočila za številne elemente konstrukcij, sestave, komponente in priključke, ki obsegajo grajeno okolje. Te zahteve so povezane s konstrukcijskimi vidiki dostopa do stavb, kroženja znotraj stavb, izstopa iz stavb v običajnem poteku dogodkov in evakuacije v nujnem primeru. Priložena je tudi informativna priloga, ki se ukvarja z vidiki upravljanja dostopnosti v stavbah. Ta mednarodni standard vsebuje določila glede značilnosti v zunanjem okolju, ki so neposredno povezana z dostopom do stavbe ali skupine stavb z roba ustreznega mesta ali med takimi skupinami stavb znotraj skupnega mesta. Ta mednarodni standard se ne ukvarja z elementi zunanjega okolja, kot so javni odprti prostori, katerih funkcija je izolirana in nepovezana z uporabo ene posamezne stavbe, niti se ne ukvarja z enodružinskimi hišami, razen če imajo dve ali več takih hiš skupni komunikacijski prostor in priključke. Trenutno so v pripravi dodatni deli tega mednarodnega standarda, ki bodo opredelili zgoraj opisana zunanja okolja in enodružinske hiše. Za obstoječe stavbe so v nekaterih odstavkih vključene možnosti, navedene kot »izjemna obravnava obstoječih stavb v državah v razvoju« (glejte »Guidance on the Implications of the ISO Global Relevance Policy for CEN Standardization«, 2005) in kot „izjemna obravnava za obstoječe stavbe“, ki določajo, da je pri novih stavbah nižji standard od pričakovanj sprejemljiv samo v primeru posebnih tehničnih in gospodarskih okoliščin. Mere v tem mednarodnem standardu, ki se nanašajo na uporabo invalidskih vozičkov, veljajo za tloris najpogosteje uporabljanih velikosti invalidskih vozičkov in njihovih uporabnikov. Tloris invalidskega vozička v tem mednarodnem standardu temelji na standardih ISO 7176-5 in ISO/TR 13570-21) ter je širok 800 mm in dolg 1 300 mm. Za večje invalidske vozičke in skuterje je treba upoštevati ustrezne mere.

General Information

Status
Replaced
Publication Date
11-Dec-2011
Withdrawal Date
11-Dec-2011
Current Stage
9599 - Withdrawal of International Standard
Completion Date
12-Dec-2011

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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 21542
First edition
2011-12-15
Building construction — Accessibility
and usability of the built environment
Construction immobilière — Accessibilité et facilité d'utilisation de
l'environnement bâti
Reference number
ISO 21542:2011(E)
ISO 2011
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 21542:2011(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2011

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56  CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2011 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 21542:2011(E)
Contents Page

Foreword .......................................................................................................................................................... viii

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ ix

1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................ 1

3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 2

4 General design considerations ............................................................................................................ 9

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2 Design requirements according to human abilities ........................................................................... 9

4.3 Key accessibility issues ....................................................................................................................... 9

5 Approach to the building .................................................................................................................... 12

5.1 Arrival by motor vehicle ...................................................................................................................... 12

5.2 Principal entrance ............................................................................................................................... 12

6 Designated accessible parking space ............................................................................................... 13

6.1 Location ................................................................................................................................................ 13

6.2 Number of designated accessible parking spaces .......................................................................... 13

6.3 Car parking ........................................................................................................................................... 13

6.4 Van parking with auxiliary movable ramps....................................................................................... 14

6.5 Signage ................................................................................................................................................. 15

6.6 Surface.................................................................................................................................................. 15

6.7 Kerb ramp from parking space to an adjacent higher pedestrian path ......................................... 15

6.8 Indoor parking ..................................................................................................................................... 16

6.9 Parking control .................................................................................................................................... 16

7 Paths to the building ........................................................................................................................... 16

7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 16

7.2 Wayfinding, guided path and other physical support of information ............................................ 17

7.3 Path ....................................................................................................................................................... 18

7.4 Width of the path ................................................................................................................................. 19

7.5 Passing space for wheelchair users ................................................................................................. 19

7.6 Turning space for wheelchair users on landings ............................................................................ 20

7.7 Path construction ................................................................................................................................ 20

7.8 Stepped path and stair ........................................................................................................................ 20

7.9 Width of stepped path and stair ......................................................................................................... 21

7.10 Landing of stepped path and stair ..................................................................................................... 21

7.11 Landings of sloped paths ................................................................................................................... 21

7.12 Support and guidance by a handrail on paths ................................................................................. 21

7.13 Drainage of access routes .................................................................................................................. 21

7.14 Solitary obstacles in a path ................................................................................................................ 21

7.15 Guards against falling within a path .................................................................................................. 22

8 Ramps ................................................................................................................................................... 22

8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 22

8.2 Slope and length .................................................................................................................................. 24

8.3 Width of ramps .................................................................................................................................... 25

8.4 Landings of ramps .............................................................................................................................. 25

8.5 Support and guidance by handrail on ramps ................................................................................... 25

8.6 Drainage of ramp ................................................................................................................................. 25

8.7 Surface materials ................................................................................................................................. 25

9 Guarding along paths and ramps ...................................................................................................... 25

© ISO 2011 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 21542:2011(E)

10 Building entrances and final fire exits ...............................................................................................26

10.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................26

10.2 Identification .........................................................................................................................................27

10.3 Floor level at the entrance ..................................................................................................................27

10.4 Principal entrance doorway ................................................................................................................27

10.5 Doorway width .....................................................................................................................................27

10.6 Clear height of a doorway ...................................................................................................................28

10.7 Circulation space .................................................................................................................................28

10.8 Lobbies .................................................................................................................................................28

10.9 Visibility through an entrance door ...................................................................................................29

11 Horizontal circulation ..........................................................................................................................29

11.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................29

11.2 Internal passages .................................................................................................................................30

11.3 Turning space for 90° turn of a wheelchair in corridors ..................................................................31

11.4 Circulation space for 180° wheelchair turn .......................................................................................31

12 Vertical circulation ...............................................................................................................................32

12.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................32

12.2 Ramps in buildings ..............................................................................................................................32

13 Stairs .....................................................................................................................................................32

13.1 Rise and going of steps ......................................................................................................................32

13.2 Minimum width of stair flights ............................................................................................................33

13.3 Staircase landings ...............................................................................................................................34

13.4 Head clearance .....................................................................................................................................34

13.5 Visual and tactile warnings .................................................................................................................35

13.6 Guards along stairs .............................................................................................................................35

14 Handrails ...............................................................................................................................................36

14.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................36

14.2 Provision of handrails .........................................................................................................................36

14.3 Profile of a handrail .............................................................................................................................37

14.4 Continuity of a handrail .......................................................................................................................37

14.5 Height of a handrail .............................................................................................................................37

14.6 Horizontal extension of a handrail .....................................................................................................38

14.7 Visual and tactile information .............................................................................................................38

14.8 Mechanical resistance .........................................................................................................................38

15 Lifts (Elevators) ....................................................................................................................................38

15.1 General comments ..............................................................................................................................38

15.2 Inner dimensions of cars ....................................................................................................................39

15.3 Lift car entrance — Door opening ......................................................................................................40

15.4 Equipment in the car ...........................................................................................................................41

15.5 Control devices and signals ...............................................................................................................43

15.6 Use of lifts (elevators) for fire evacuation .........................................................................................45

16 Vertical and inclined lifting platforms................................................................................................46

16.1 General application .............................................................................................................................46

16.2 Platform dimensions ...........................................................................................................................46

16.3 Vertical lifting platforms ......................................................................................................................46

17 Escalators and moving walks .............................................................................................................46

18 Doors and windows .............................................................................................................................47

18.1 Doors and door furniture ....................................................................................................................47

18.2 Fire resisting doorsets ........................................................................................................................53

18.3 Windows and window hardware ........................................................................................................54

19 Reception areas, counters, desks and ticket offices .......................................................................55

19.1 Hearing and lip-reading .......................................................................................................................55

19.2 Location ................................................................................................................................................55

19.3 Space to manoeuvre ............................................................................................................................55

19.4 Height ....................................................................................................................................................55

iv © ISO 2011 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 21542:2011(E)

19.5 Lighting................................................................................................................................................. 56

19.6 Ticket systems ..................................................................................................................................... 56

20 Cloakroom ............................................................................................................................................ 56

21 Auditoriums, concert halls, sports arenas and similar seating ..................................................... 57

21.1 Hearing enhancement systems ......................................................................................................... 57

21.2 Lighting for sign language interpretation ......................................................................................... 57

21.3 Designated seating areas for wheelchair users ............................................................................... 57

21.4 Access to stage and backstage ......................................................................................................... 57

21.5 Row and seat numbers ....................................................................................................................... 57

21.6 Accessible changing rooms ............................................................................................................... 57

22 Conference rooms and meeting rooms ............................................................................................ 58

23 Viewing spaces in assembly areas .................................................................................................... 58

23.1 Floor area ............................................................................................................................................. 58

23.2 Sight lines ............................................................................................................................................ 59

24 Bars, pubs, restaurants, etc. .............................................................................................................. 59

25 Terraces, verandas and balconies ..................................................................................................... 59

26 Toilet rooms and sanitary rooms ....................................................................................................... 60

26.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 60

26.2 WC compartments for ambulant disabled people ........................................................................... 60

26.3 Wheelchair user accessible toilet rooms .......................................................................................... 61

26.4 Dimensions for wheelchair user accessible toilet rooms ............................................................... 61

26.5 Toilet room doors ................................................................................................................................ 66

26.6 Toilet seat ............................................................................................................................................. 66

26.7 Grab rails .............................................................................................................................................. 67

26.8 Toilet paper .......................................................................................................................................... 68

26.9 Washbasin ............................................................................................................................................ 69

26.10 Water supply ........................................................................................................................................ 70

26.11 Taps ...................................................................................................................................................... 71

26.12 Urinals................................................................................................................................................... 71

26.13 Other fittings ........................................................................................................................................ 71

26.14 Alarm ..................................................................................................................................................... 71

26.15 Emergency warning alarm .................................................................................................................. 72

26.16 Shower .................................................................................................................................................. 72

26.17 Individual shower room ...................................................................................................................... 73

26.18 Bathrooms ............................................................................................................................................ 74

27 Accessible bedrooms in non-domestic buildings ........................................................................... 77

28 Kitchen areas ....................................................................................................................................... 79

29 Storage areas ....................................................................................................................................... 79

30 Facilities for guide dogs and other assistance dogs ...................................................................... 79

30.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 79

30.2 Relief facilities for guide dogs and assistance dogs ....................................................................... 79

31 Floor and wall surfaces ....................................................................................................................... 80

32 Acoustic environment ......................................................................................................................... 80

32.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 80

32.2 Acoustic requirements ........................................................................................................................ 80

32.3 Hearing enhancement systems ......................................................................................................... 81

33 Lighting................................................................................................................................................. 82

33.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 82

33.2 External lighting .................................................................................................................................. 82

33.3 Natural lighting .................................................................................................................................... 82

33.4 Artificial lighting .................................................................................................................................. 82

33.5 Lighting to facilitate wayfinding ........................................................................................................ 82

33.6 Controllable and adjustable lighting ................................................................................................. 83

33.7 Light levels in different areas ............................................................................................................. 83

© ISO 2011 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 21542:2011(E)

33.8 Lighting in auditoriums .......................................................................................................................83

33.9 Glare and shadows ..............................................................................................................................83

34 Fire emergency warning systems, signals and information ...........................................................84

34.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................84

34.2 Light warning signals ..........................................................................................................................84

34.3 Acoustic warning systems .................................................................................................................84

35 Visual contrast .....................................................................................................................................84

35.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................84

35.2 Choice of colours and patterns ..........................................................................................................85

36 Equipment, controls and switches ....................................................................................................86

36.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................86

36.2 Location, heights and distances ........................................................................................................86

36.3 Location of controls from walls, corners and opening doors ........................................................88

36.4 Operation ..............................................................................................................................................89

36.5 Identification .........................................................................................................................................90

36.6 Usability ................................................................................................................................................90

36.7 Telephones ...........................................................................................................................................90

36.8 Card access, dispensing machines and automatic teller machines (ATMs), etc. ........................91

36.9 Security access systems ....................................................................................................................93

36.10 Drinking fountains ...............................................................................................................................93

36.11 Refuse bins ...........................................................................................................................................93

37 Furnishing ............................................................................................................................................93

37.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................93

37.2 Seating in waiting areas ......................................................................................................................93

37.3 Seating at desks, tables, etc. ..............................................................................................................94

38 Fire safety, protection and evacuation for all ...................................................................................95

38.1 Fire engineering design objectives....................................................................................................95

38.2 Principles of fire evacuation for all ....................................................................................................95

38.3 Assisted fire evacuation .....................................................................................................................96

38.4 Evacuation chairs ................................................................................................................................97

38.5 Emerging fire evacuation technologies ............................................................................................97

38.6 Fire defence plans ...............................................................................................................................97

39 Orientation and information ...............................................................................................................98

39.1 General ............................................................
...

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Gradnja stavb - Dostopnost in uporabnost grajenega okoljaConstruction immobilière - Accessibilité et facilité d'utilisation de l'environnement bâtiBuilding construction - Accessibility and usability of the built environment91.060.01Stavbni elementi na splošnoElements of buildings in general11.180.01VSORãQRAids for disabled and handicapped persons in generalICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:ISO 21542:2011SIST ISO 21542:2012en,fr01-november-2012SIST ISO 21542:2012SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST ISO/TR 9527:20021DGRPHãþD
SIST ISO 21542:2012
Reference numberISO 21542:2011(E)© ISO 2011

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO21542First edition2011-12-15Building construction — Accessibility and usability of the built environment Construction immobilière — Accessibilité et facilité d'utilisation de l'environnement bâti

SIST ISO 21542:2012
ISO 21542:2011(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT

ISO 2011 All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body in the country of the requester. ISO copyright office Case postale 56  CH-1211 Geneva 20 Tel.

+ 41 22 749 01 11 Fax
+ 41 22 749 09 47 E-mail
copyright@iso.org Web
www.iso.org Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2011 – All rights reserved
SIST ISO 21542:2012

ISO 21542:2011(E) © ISO 2011 – All rights reserved iii Contents Page Foreword .......................................................................................................................................................... viii Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ ix 1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................ 1 3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 2 4 General design considerations ............................................................................................................ 9 4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 9 4.2 Design requirements according to human abilities ........................................................................... 9 4.3 Key accessibility issues ....................................................................................................................... 9 5 Approach to the building .................................................................................................................... 12 5.1 Arrival by motor vehicle ...................................................................................................................... 12 5.2 Principal entrance ............................................................................................................................... 12 6 Designated accessible parking space ............................................................................................... 13 6.1 Location ................................................................................................................................................ 13 6.2 Number of designated accessible parking spaces .......................................................................... 13 6.3 Car parking ........................................................................................................................................... 13 6.4 Van parking with auxiliary movable ramps....................................................................................... 14 6.5 Signage ................................................................................................................................................. 15 6.6 Surface.................................................................................................................................................. 15 6.7 Kerb ramp from parking space to an adjacent higher pedestrian path ......................................... 15 6.8 Indoor parking ..................................................................................................................................... 16 6.9 Parking control .................................................................................................................................... 16 7 Paths to the building ........................................................................................................................... 16 7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 16 7.2 Wayfinding, guided path and other physical support of information ............................................ 17 7.3 Path ....................................................................................................................................................... 18 7.4 Width of the path ................................................................................................................................. 19 7.5 Passing space for wheelchair users ................................................................................................. 19 7.6 Turning space for wheelchair users on landings ............................................................................ 20 7.7 Path construction ................................................................................................................................ 20 7.8 Stepped path and stair ........................................................................................................................ 20 7.9 Width of stepped path and stair ......................................................................................................... 21 7.10 Landing of stepped path and stair ..................................................................................................... 21 7.11 Landings of sloped paths ................................................................................................................... 21 7.12 Support and guidance by a handrail on paths ................................................................................. 21 7.13 Drainage of access routes .................................................................................................................. 21 7.14 Solitary obstacles in a path ................................................................................................................ 21 7.15 Guards against falling within a path .................................................................................................. 22 8 Ramps ................................................................................................................................................... 22 8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 22 8.2 Slope and length .................................................................................................................................. 24 8.3 Width of ramps .................................................................................................................................... 25 8.4 Landings of ramps .............................................................................................................................. 25 8.5 Support and guidance by handrail on ramps ................................................................................... 25 8.6 Drainage of ramp ................................................................................................................................. 25 8.7 Surface materials ................................................................................................................................. 25 9 Guarding along paths and ramps ...................................................................................................... 25 SIST ISO 21542:2012

ISO 21542:2011(E) iv © ISO 2011 – All rights reserved 10 Building entrances and final fire exits ...............................................................................................26 10.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................26 10.2 Identification .........................................................................................................................................27 10.3 Floor level at the entrance ..................................................................................................................27 10.4 Principal entrance doorway ................................................................................................................27 10.5 Doorway width .....................................................................................................................................27 10.6 Clear height of a doorway ...................................................................................................................28 10.7 Circulation space .................................................................................................................................28 10.8 Lobbies .................................................................................................................................................28 10.9 Visibility through an entrance door ...................................................................................................29 11 Horizontal circulation ..........................................................................................................................29 11.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................29 11.2 Internal passages .................................................................................................................................30 11.3 Turning space for 90° turn of a wheelchair in corridors ..................................................................31 11.4 Circulation space for 180° wheelchair turn .......................................................................................31 12 Vertical circulation ...............................................................................................................................32 12.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................32 12.2 Ramps in buildings ..............................................................................................................................32 13 Stairs .....................................................................................................................................................32 13.1 Rise and going of steps ......................................................................................................................32 13.2 Minimum width of stair flights ............................................................................................................33 13.3 Staircase landings ...............................................................................................................................34 13.4 Head clearance .....................................................................................................................................34 13.5 Visual and tactile warnings .................................................................................................................35 13.6 Guards along stairs .............................................................................................................................35 14 Handrails ...............................................................................................................................................36 14.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................36 14.2 Provision of handrails .........................................................................................................................36 14.3 Profile of a handrail .............................................................................................................................37 14.4 Continuity of a handrail .......................................................................................................................37 14.5 Height of a handrail .............................................................................................................................37 14.6 Horizontal extension of a handrail .....................................................................................................38 14.7 Visual and tactile information .............................................................................................................38 14.8 Mechanical resistance .........................................................................................................................38 15 Lifts (Elevators) ....................................................................................................................................38 15.1 General comments ..............................................................................................................................38 15.2 Inner dimensions of cars ....................................................................................................................39 15.3 Lift car entrance — Door opening ......................................................................................................40 15.4 Equipment in the car ...........................................................................................................................41 15.5 Control devices and signals ...............................................................................................................43 15.6 Use of lifts (elevators) for fire evacuation .........................................................................................45 16 Vertical and inclined lifting platforms................................................................................................46 16.1 General application .............................................................................................................................46 16.2 Platform dimensions ...........................................................................................................................46 16.3 Vertical lifting platforms ......................................................................................................................46 17 Escalators and moving walks .............................................................................................................46 18 Doors and windows .............................................................................................................................47 18.1 Doors and door furniture ....................................................................................................................47 18.2 Fire resisting doorsets ........................................................................................................................53 18.3 Windows and window hardware ........................................................................................................54 19 Reception areas, counters, desks and ticket offices .......................................................................55 19.1 Hearing and lip-reading .......................................................................................................................55 19.2 Location ................................................................................................................................................55 19.3 Space to manoeuvre ............................................................................................................................55 19.4 Height ....................................................................................................................................................55 SIST ISO 21542:2012

ISO 21542:2011(E) © ISO 2011 – All rights reserved v 19.5 Lighting................................................................................................................................................. 56 19.6 Ticket systems ..................................................................................................................................... 56 20 Cloakroom ............................................................................................................................................ 56 21 Auditoriums, concert halls, sports arenas and similar seating ..................................................... 57 21.1 Hearing enhancement systems ......................................................................................................... 57 21.2 Lighting for sign language interpretation ......................................................................................... 57 21.3 Designated seating areas for wheelchair users ............................................................................... 57 21.4 Access to stage and backstage ......................................................................................................... 57 21.5 Row and seat numbers ....................................................................................................................... 57 21.6 Accessible changing rooms ............................................................................................................... 57 22 Conference rooms and meeting rooms ............................................................................................ 58 23 Viewing spaces in assembly areas .................................................................................................... 58 23.1 Floor area ............................................................................................................................................. 58 23.2 Sight lines ............................................................................................................................................ 59 24 Bars, pubs, restaurants, etc. .............................................................................................................. 59 25 Terraces, verandas and balconies ..................................................................................................... 59 26 Toilet rooms and sanitary rooms ....................................................................................................... 60 26.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 60 26.2 WC compartments for ambulant disabled people ........................................................................... 60 26.3 Wheelchair user accessible toilet rooms .......................................................................................... 61 26.4 Dimensions for wheelchair user accessible toilet rooms ............................................................... 61 26.5 Toilet room doors ................................................................................................................................ 66 26.6 Toilet seat ............................................................................................................................................. 66 26.7 Grab rails .............................................................................................................................................. 67 26.8 Toilet paper .......................................................................................................................................... 68 26.9 Washbasin ............................................................................................................................................ 69 26.10 Water supply ........................................................................................................................................ 70 26.11 Taps ...................................................................................................................................................... 71 26.12 Urinals................................................................................................................................................... 71 26.13 Other fittings ........................................................................................................................................ 71 26.14 Alarm ..................................................................................................................................................... 71 26.15 Emergency warning alarm .................................................................................................................. 72 26.16 Shower .................................................................................................................................................. 72 26.17 Individual shower room ...................................................................................................................... 73 26.18 Bathrooms ............................................................................................................................................ 74 27 Accessible bedrooms in non-domestic buildings ........................................................................... 77 28 Kitchen areas ....................................................................................................................................... 79 29 Storage areas ....................................................................................................................................... 79 30 Facilities for guide dogs and other assistance dogs ...................................................................... 79 30.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 79 30.2 Relief facilities for guide dogs and assistance dogs ....................................................................... 79 31 Floor and wall surfaces ....................................................................................................................... 80 32 Acoustic environment ......................................................................................................................... 80 32.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 80 32.2 Acoustic requirements ........................................................................................................................ 80 32.3 Hearing enhancement systems ......................................................................................................... 81 33 Lighting................................................................................................................................................. 82 33.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 82 33.2 External lighting .................................................................................................................................. 82 33.3 Natural lighting .................................................................................................................................... 82 33.4 Artificial lighting .................................................................................................................................. 82 33.5 Lighting to facilitate wayfinding ........................................................................................................ 82 33.6 Controllable and adjustable lighting ................................................................................................. 83 33.7 Light levels in different areas ............................................................................................................. 83 SIST ISO 21542:2012

ISO 21542:2011(E) vi © ISO 2011 – All rights reserved 33.8 Lighting in auditoriums .......................................................................................................................83 33.9 Glare and shadows ..............................................................................................................................83 34 Fire emergency warning systems, signals and information ...........................................................84 34.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................84 34.2 Light warning signals ..........................................................................................................................84 34.3 Acoustic warning systems .................................................................................................................84 35 Visual contrast .....................................................................................................................................84 35.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................84 35.2 Choice of colours and patterns ..........................................................................................................85 36 Equipment, controls and switches ....................................................................................................86 36.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................86 36.2 Location, heights and distances ........................................................................................................86 36.3 Location of controls from walls, corners and opening doors ........................................................88 36.4 Operation ..............................................................................................................................................89 36.5 Identification .........................................................................................................................................90 36.6 Usability ................................................................................................................................................90 36.7 Telephones ...........................................................................................................................................90 36.8 Card access, dispensing machines and automatic teller machines (ATMs), etc. ........................91 36.9 Security access systems ....................................................................................................................93 36.10 Drinking fountains ...............................................................................................................................93 36.11 Refuse bins ...........................................................................................................................................93 37 Furnishing ............................................................................................................................................93 37.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................93 37.2 Seating in waiting areas ......................................................................................................................93 37.3 Seating at desks, tables, etc. ..............................................................................................................94 38 Fire safety, protection and evacuation for all ...................................................................................95 38.1 Fire engineering design objectives....................................................................................................95 38.2 Principles of fire evacuation for all ....................................................................................................95 38.3 Assisted fire evacuation .....................................................................................................................96 38.4 Evacuation chairs ................................................................................................................................97 38.5 Emerging fire evacuation technologies ............................................................................................97 38.6 Fire defence plans ...............................................................................

...

NORME ISO
INTERNATIONALE 21542
Première édition
2011-12-15
Construction immobilière — Accessibilité
et facilité d'utilisation de l'environnement
bâti
Building construction — Accessibility and usability of the built
environment
Numéro de référence
ISO 21542:2011(F)
ISO 2011
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 21542:2011(F)
DOCUMENT PROTÉGÉ PAR COPYRIGHT
© ISO 2011

Droits de reproduction réservés. Sauf prescription différente, aucune partie de cette publication ne peut être reproduite ni utilisée sous

quelque forme que ce soit et par aucun procédé, électronique ou mécanique, y compris la photocopie et les microfilms, sans l'accord écrit

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Version française parue en 2012
Publié en Suisse
ii © ISO 2011 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 21542:2011(F)
Sommaire Page

Avant-propos ................................................................................................................................................... viii

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ ix

1  Domaine d'application .......................................................................................................................... 1

2  Références normatives ......................................................................................................................... 2

3  Termes et définitions ............................................................................................................................ 2

4  Considérations de conception générales ........................................................................................... 9

4.1  Généralités ............................................................................................................................................. 9

4.2  Exigences de conception selon les capacités humaines ................................................................. 9

4.3  Points clés de l'accessibilité .............................................................................................................. 10

5  Approche du bâtiment ........................................................................................................................ 13

5.1  Arrivée par véhicule à moteur ............................................................................................................ 13

5.2  Entrée principale ................................................................................................................................. 13

6  Places de stationnement adaptées dédiées ..................................................................................... 13

6.1  Emplacement ....................................................................................................................................... 13

6.2  Nombre de places de stationnement adaptées dédiées ................................................................. 14

6.3  Parc de stationnement ........................................................................................................................ 14

6.4  Stationnement des fourgons et fourgonnettes avec rampes mobiles auxiliaires ........................ 15

6.5  Signalisation ........................................................................................................................................ 15

6.6  Surface.................................................................................................................................................. 16

6.7  Rampe d’accès entre la place de stationnement et une voie piétonnière plus élevée

contiguë ................................................................................................................................................ 16

6.8  Stationnement intérieur ...................................................................................................................... 16

6.9  Parking à péage ................................................................................................................................... 17

7  Chemins d'accès au bâtiment ............................................................................................................ 17

7.1  Généralités ........................................................................................................................................... 17

7.2  Orientation, chemin/voie guidés et autre support d'information physique .................................. 18

7.3  Cheminement/voie d'accès ................................................................................................................ 19

7.4  Largeur du cheminement/de la voie .................................................................................................. 20

7.5  Évitement pour utilisateurs de fauteuils roulants ............................................................................ 21

7.6  Espace de manœuvre pour utilisateurs de fauteuils roulants sur des paliers ............................. 21

7.7  Construction du cheminement d'accès ............................................................................................ 21

7.8  Cheminement en gradins et escalier ................................................................................................. 21

7.9  Largeur du cheminement en gradins et d'un escalier ..................................................................... 22

7.10  Palier d'un cheminement en gradins et d'un escalier ..................................................................... 22

7.11  Paliers des cheminements en pente ................................................................................................. 22

7.12  Appui et guidage par une main courante sur des cheminements ................................................. 22

7.13  Drainage des voies d'accès ................................................................................................................ 22

7.14  Obstacles isolés sur un cheminement .............................................................................................. 23

7.15  Protections contre les chutes le long d'un cheminement............................................................... 24

8  Rampes ................................................................................................................................................. 24

8.1  Généralités ........................................................................................................................................... 24

8.2  Pente et longueur ................................................................................................................................ 25

8.3  Largeur des rampes ............................................................................................................................ 27

8.4  Paliers de rampes ................................................................................................................................ 27

8.5  Appui et guidage par une main courante installée sur les rampes ............................................... 27

8.6  Drainage de la rampe .......................................................................................................................... 27

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ISO 21542:2011(F)

8.7  Matériaux de surface ...........................................................................................................................27

9  Protections le long des cheminements et rampes ...........................................................................28

10  Entrées de bâtiment et sorties de secours sur l'extérieur ..............................................................29

10.1  Généralités ...........................................................................................................................................29

10.2  Identification .........................................................................................................................................29

10.3  Niveau du sol à l'entrée .......................................................................................................................29

10.4  Porte d'entrée principale .....................................................................................................................30

10.5  Largeur de porte ..................................................................................................................................30

10.6  Hauteur libre d'une porte ....................................................................................................................30

10.7  Espace de circulation ..........................................................................................................................30

10.8  Halls d'entrée .......................................................................................................................................31

10.9  Visibilité par une porte d'entrée .........................................................................................................32

11  Circulation horizontale ........................................................................................................................32

11.1  Généralités ...........................................................................................................................................32

11.2  Passages intérieurs .............................................................................................................................33

11.3  Espace de rotation selon un angle de 90° d'un fauteuil roulant dans les couloirs ......................34

11.4  Espace de circulation pour une rotation d'un fauteuil roulant selon un angle de 180° ...............35

12  Circulation verticale ............................................................................................................................36

12.1  Généralités ...........................................................................................................................................36

12.2  Rampes dans les bâtiments ...............................................................................................................36

13  Escaliers ...............................................................................................................................................36

13.1  Hauteur et giron des marches ............................................................................................................36

13.2  Largeur minimale des volées d'escaliers ..........................................................................................37

13.3  Paliers d'escaliers ................................................................................................................................37

13.4  Encombrement en hauteur .................................................................................................................38

13.5  Avertissements visuels et tactiles .....................................................................................................39

13.6  Protections le long des escaliers .......................................................................................................39

14  Mains courantes ...................................................................................................................................40

14.1  Généralités ...........................................................................................................................................40

14.2  Installation de mains courantes .........................................................................................................40

14.3  Profil d'une main courante ..................................................................................................................41

14.4  Continuité d'une main courante .........................................................................................................41

14.5  Hauteur d'une main courante .............................................................................................................41

14.6  Extension horizontale d'une main courante .....................................................................................42

14.7  Informations visuelles et tactiles .......................................................................................................42

14.8  Résistance mécanique ........................................................................................................................42

15  Ascenseurs (élévateurs) .....................................................................................................................42

15.1  Remarques générales .........................................................................................................................42

15.2  Dimensions intérieures des cabines .................................................................................................43

15.3  Entrée de cabine d'ascenseur — Ouverture de porte ......................................................................44

15.4  Équipement intérieur de la cabine .....................................................................................................45

15.5  Dispositifs de commande et signaux ................................................................................................47

15.6  Utilisation des ascenseurs pour évacuation en cas d'incendie .....................................................50

16  Plates-formes élévatrices verticales et plates-formes élévatrices sur un plan incliné ................51

16.1  Application générale ...........................................................................................................................51

16.2  Dimensions des plates-formes ...........................................................................................................51

16.3  Plates-formes élévatrices verticales ..................................................................................................51

17  Escaliers mécaniques et trottoirs roulants .......................................................................................51

18  Portes et fenêtres .................................................................................................................................52

18.1  Portes et serrurerie ..............................................................................................................................52

18.2  Portes coupe-feu ..................................................................................................................................59

18.3  Fenêtres et quincaillerie de fenêtres .................................................................................................59

iv © ISO 2011 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 21542:2011(F)

19  Zones d'accueil, guichets, réceptions et billetteries ....................................................................... 60

19.1  Audition et lecture labiale ................................................................................................................... 60

19.2  Emplacement ....................................................................................................................................... 61

19.3  Espace de manœuvre ......................................................................................................................... 61

19.4  Hauteur ................................................................................................................................................. 61

19.5  Éclairage ............................................................................................................................................... 62

19.6  Systèmes de billetterie ........................................................................................................................ 62

20  Vestiaire ................................................................................................................................................ 62

21  Auditoriums, salles de concert, stades et lieux similaires avec spectateurs assis ..................... 62

21.1  Dispositifs d'amélioration de l'écoute ............................................................................................... 62

21.2  Éclairage pour l'interprétation gestuelle ........................................................................................... 62

21.3  Nombre de sièges dédiés pour les utilisateurs de fauteuils roulants ........................................... 62

21.4  Accès à la scène et aux coulisses ..................................................................................................... 63

21.5  Numérotation des rangées et des sièges ......................................................................................... 63

21.6  Vestiaires accessibles ........................................................................................................................ 63

22  Salles de conférence et salles de réunion ........................................................................................ 64

23  Espaces d'observation dans les zones de rassemblement ............................................................ 64

23.1  Surface de plancher ............................................................................................................................ 64

23.2  Lignes de visibilité .............................................................................................................................. 65

24  Bars, pubs, restaurants, etc. .............................................................................................................. 65

25  Terrasses, vérandas et balcons ......................................................................................................... 65

26  Cabinets d'aisances et sanitaires ...................................................................................................... 65

26.1  Généralités ........................................................................................................................................... 65

26.2  Cabinets d'aisances pour personnes handicapées autonomes .................................................... 66

26.3  Cabinets d'aisances accessibles aux utilisateurs en fauteuils roulants ....................................... 67

26.4  Dimensions des cabinets d'aisances accessibles aux utilisateurs en fauteuils roulants ........... 67

26.5  Portes des cabinets d'aisances ......................................................................................................... 72

26.6  Siège de toilette ................................................................................................................................... 72

26.7  Barres d'appui ...................................................................................................................................... 73

26.8  Papier toilette ....................................................................................................................................... 74

26.9  Lavabo .................................................................................................................................................. 75

26.10  Alimentation en eau ............................................................................................................................ 76

26.11  Robinets ............................................................................................................................................... 76

26.12  Urinoirs ................................................................................................................................................. 76

26.13  Autres accessoires .............................................................................................................................. 77

26.14  Alarme................................................................................................................................................... 77

26.15  Alarme d'urgence ................................................................................................................................ 78

26.16  Douche.................................................................................................................................................. 78

26.17  Salle de douche individuelle .............................................................................................................. 80

26.18  Salles de bains ..................................................................................................................................... 80

27  Chambres accessibles dans les bâtiments à usage non résidentiel ............................................. 84

28  Coins cuisine ....................................................................................................................................... 86

29  Zones de stockage .............................................................................................................................. 86

30  Aménagements pour les chiens-guide et autres chiens d'assistance .......................................... 87

30.1  Généralités ........................................................................................................................................... 87

30.2  Zone aménagée pour les chiens-guide et chiens d'assistance ...................................................... 87

31  Surfaces au sol et surfaces murales ................................................................................................. 87

32  Environnement acoustique ................................................................................................................ 87

32.1  Généralités ........................................................................................................................................... 87

32.2  Exigences en termes d'acoustique .................................................................................................... 88

32.3  Systèmes d'amélioration de l'écoute ................................................................................................ 88

© ISO 2011 – Tous droits réservés v
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ISO 21542:2011(F)

33  Éclairage ...............................................................................................................................................89

33.1  Généralités ...........................................................................................................................................89

33.2  Éclairage extérieur ...............................................................................................................................89

33.3  Éclairage naturel ..................................................................................................................................90

33.4  Éclairage artificiel ................................................................................................................................90

33.5  Éclairage permettant de faciliter l'orientation ...................................................................................90

33.6  Éclairage contrôlable et réglable .......................................................................................................90

33.7  Niveaux d'éclairement dans les différentes zones ...........................................................................91

33.8  Éclairage dans les auditoriums ..........................................................................................................91

33.9  Éblouissement et ombres ...................................................................................................................91

34  Systèmes, signaux et information d'alarme de sécurité incendie ..................................................92

34.1  Généralités ...........................................................................................................................................92

34.2  Signaux d'alerte lumineux ..................................................................................................................92

34.3  Systèmes d'alerte sonore ...................................................................................................................92

35  Contraste visuel ...................................................................................................................................92

35.1  Généralités ...........................................................................................................................................92

35.2  Choix des couleurs et motifs ..............................................................................................................94

36  Appareils, commandes et interrupteurs ............................................................................................94

36.1  Généralités ...........................................................................................................................................94

36.2  Emplacement, hauteurs et distances ................................................................................................94

36.3  Emplacement des commandes par rapport aux parois, angles et ouverture de portes ..............96

36.4  Fonctionnement ...................................................................................................................................98

36.5  Identification .........................................................................................................................................99

36.6  Usage ....................................................................................................................................................99

36.7  Téléphones ...........................................................................................................................................99

36.8  Accès par carte, distributeurs et guichets automatiques bancaires, etc. .................................. 100

36.9  Systèmes d'accès sécurisé ............................................................................................................. 102

36.10  Fontaines à eau ................................................................................................................................. 102

36.11  Poubelles ........................................................................................................................................... 102

37  Mobilier .............................................................................................................................................. 103

37.1  Généralités ........................................................................................................................................ 103

37.2  Places assises dans les zones d'attente ........................................................................................ 103

37.3  Position assise devant des bureaux, tables, etc. .......................................................................... 104

38  Sécurité incendie, protection et évacuation pour tous................................................................. 104

38.1  Objectifs de conception technique de sécurité incendie ............................................................. 104

38.2  Principes d'évacuation pour tous en cas d'incendie .................................................................... 105

38.3  Évacuation assistée en cas d'incendie .......................................................................................... 105

38.4  Chaises d'évacuation ....................................................................................................................... 107

38.5  Technologies pour l'évacuation en cas d'incendie ....................................................................... 107

38.6  Plans de lutte contre l'incendie ....................................................................................................... 107

39  Orientation et information ................................................................................................................ 108

39.1  Généralités ........................................................................................................................................ 108

39.2  Principe de deux moyens sensoriels.............................................................................................. 109

39.3  Information sonore ........................................................................................................................... 109

39.4  Niveaux d'information ...................................................................................................................... 109

40  Signalisation ......................................................................

...

SLOVENSKI SIST ISO 21542
STANDARD
november 2012
Gradnja stavb – Dostopnost in uporabnost grajenega okolja
Building construction – Accessibility and usability of the built environment

Construction immobilière – Accessibilité et facilité d'utilisation de l'environnement

bâti
Gebäude – Barrierefreiheit von Gebäuden und sonstigen Bauwerken
Referenčna oznaka
ICS 11.180.01; 91.060.01 SIST ISO 21542:2012 (sl)
Nadaljevanje na straneh od 2 do 158

© 2016-06. Standard je založil in izdal Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST ISO 21542 : 2012
NACIONALNI UVOD

Standard SIST ISO 21542 (sl), Gradnja stavb – Dostopnost in uporabnost grajenega okolja, 2012, ima

status slovenskega standarda in je istoveten mednarodnemu standardu ISO 21542 (en, de, fr),

Building construction – Accessibility and usability of the built environment, 2011.

Ta standard nadomešča tehnično poročilo SIST ISO/TR 9527:2002
NACIONALNI PREDGOVOR

Mednarodni standard ISO 21542:2011 je pripravil tehnični odbor ISO/TC 59 Stavbe in gradbeni

inženirski objekti, pododbor SC 16 Dostopnost in uporabnost grajenega okolja. Slovenski standard

SIST ISO 21542:2012 je prevod mednarodnega standarda ISO 21542:2011. V primeru spora glede

besedila slovenskega prevoda v tem standardu je odločilen izvirni mednarodni standard v angleškem

jeziku.

Ker se talne taktilne oznake in metode za njihovo namestitev razlikujejo od države do države, so

podrobnejše informacije o uporabi v Republiki Sloveniji zbrane v nacionalnem standardu.

Odločitev za izdajo tega prevoda standarda je dne 12. julija 2012 sprejel Strokovni svet SIST za

splošno področje.
ZVEZE S STANDARDI

S privzemom tega mednarodnega standarda veljajo za omejeni namen referenčnih standardov vsi

standardi, navedeni v izvirniku, razen tistih, ki so že sprejeti v nacionalno standardizacijo:

SIST ISO 4190-1:2012 Dvigala (lifti) – 1. del: Dvigala razredov I, II, III in VI

SIST ISO 4190-5:2012 Dvigala (lifti) – 5. del: Krmilja, signali in pripadajoča oprema

OSNOVA ZA IZDAJO STANDARDA
– privzem standarda ISO 21542:2011
PREDHODNA IZDAJA

– SIST ISO/TR 9527:2002, Gradnja objektov – Potrebe invalidov in drugih funkcionalno oviranih

ljudi v stavbah – Smernice za projektiranje
OPOMBI

– Povsod, kjer se v besedilu standarda uporablja izraz "mednarodni standard", v SIST ISO 21542:2012

to pomeni "slovenski standard".
– Uvod in nacionalni predgovor nista sestavni del standarda.

POMEMBNO: Logotip "v barvah" na platnicah te publikacije opozarja, da vsebuje barve, ki so

potrebne za pravilno razumevanje njene vsebine. Uporabniki morajo zato tiskati ta dokument z

barvnim tiskalnikom.
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SIST ISO 21542 : 2012
VSEBINA Stran

Predgovor ................................................................................................................................................ 9

Uvod ...................................................................................................................................................... 10

1 Področje uporabe .............................................................................................................................. 12

2 Zveze s standardi .............................................................................................................................. 12

3 Izrazi in definicije ............................................................................................................................... 13

4 Splošne smernice za projektiranje .................................................................................................... 20

4.1 Splošno ........................................................................................................................................... 20

4.2 Zahteve za projektiranje glede na zmožnosti uporabnikov ............................................................ 20

4.3 Ključna vprašanja dostopnosti ....................................................................................................... 20

5 Dostop do stavbe .............................................................................................................................. 23

5.1 Dostop z motornim vozilom ............................................................................................................ 23

5.2 Glavni vhod .................................................................................................................................... 23

6 Označena dostopna parkirna mesta ................................................................................................. 24

6.1 Lokacija .......................................................................................................................................... 24

6.2 Število označenih dostopnih parkirnih mest ................................................................................... 24

6.3 Parkirno mesto za avto ................................................................................................................... 24

6.4 Parkirno mesto za kombinirano vozilo z dvižno ploščadjo za invalidski voziček ........................... 25

6.5 Označevanje .................................................................................................................................. 25

6.6 Površina.......................................................................................................................................... 25

6.7 Klančina za povezavo parkirnega mesta s pločnikom ................................................................... 26

6.8 Pokrita parkirišča ............................................................................................................................ 26

6.9 Parkirni avtomati ............................................................................................................................. 26

7 Poti do stavbe .................................................................................................................................... 27

7.1 Splošno........................................................................................................................................... 27

7.2 Pripomočki za vodilne poti, orientacijo in druge podporne informacije .......................................... 27

7.3 Pot ............................................................................................................................................... 28

7.4 Širina poti........................................................................................................................................ 29

7.5 Prostor za mimohod dveh uporabnikov invalidskega vozička ........................................................ 30

7.6 Prostor za obračanje na podestih za uporabnike invalidskih vozičkov .......................................... 30

7.7 Značilnosti gradnje poti .................................................................................................................. 30

7.8 Stopničaste poti in stopnišča .......................................................................................................... 30

7.9 Širina poti s stopnicami in stopnišča .............................................................................................. 31

7.10 Podesti na poteh s stopnicami in stopniščih ................................................................................ 31

7.11 Podesti na poševnih poteh ........................................................................................................... 31

7.12 Varovalne ograje in oprijemala ob poteh .................................................................................... 31

7.13 Odvodnjavanje dostopnih poti ..................................................................................................... 31

7.14 Nevarni predmeti na poti ............................................................................................................. 31

7.15 Zaščita pred padcem na poti ....................................................................................................... 32

8 Klančine ............................................................................................................................................. 32

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SIST ISO 21542 : 2012

8.1 Splošno........................................................................................................................................... 32

8.2 Naklon in dolžina ............................................................................................................................ 34

8.3 Širina klančine ................................................................................................................................ 35

8.4 Podesti na klančinah ...................................................................................................................... 35

8.5 Varovalne ograje in oprijemala na klančinah ................................................................................. 35

8.6 Odvodnjavanje klančine ................................................................................................................. 35

8.7 Materiali za površino ...................................................................................................................... 35

9 Ograje vzdolž poti in klančin.............................................................................................................. 35

10 Vhodi v stavbo in končni požarni izhodi .......................................................................................... 36

10.1 Splošno ........................................................................................................................................ 36

10.2 Identifikacija .................................................................................................................................. 36

10.3 Pritličje z vhodom ......................................................................................................................... 37

10.4 Glavna vhodna vrata .................................................................................................................... 37

10.5 Širina vhodnih vrat ........................................................................................................................ 37

10.6 Svetla višina vhodnih vrat............................................................................................................. 37

10.7 Gibalni prostor .............................................................................................................................. 37

10.8 Preddverje .................................................................................................................................... 38

10.9 Vidljivost skozi vhodna vrata ........................................................................................................ 39

11 Horizontalna komunikacija .............................................................................................................. 39

11.1 Splošno ......................................................................................................................................... 39

11.2 Notranji hodniki ............................................................................................................................. 39

11.3 Prostor za zavoj z invalidskim vozičkom za 90° v hodniku .......................................................... 41

11.4 Gibalni prostor za zavoj z invalidskim vozičkom za 180º v hodniku ............................................ 42

12 Vertikalna komunikacija ................................................................................................................... 43

12.1 Splošno ........................................................................................................................................ 43

12.2 Klančine v stavbah ....................................................................................................................... 43

13 Stopnice........................................................................................................................................... 43

13.1 Višina in globina stopnic ............................................................................................................... 43

13.2 Najmanjša širina stopniščne rame ............................................................................................... 44

13.3 Podesti na stopniščih ................................................................................................................... 44

13.4 Svetla višina ................................................................................................................................. 45

13.5 Vizualne in taktilne oznake ........................................................................................................... 46

13.6 Stopniščne ograje........................................................................................................................ 46

14 Oprijemala ....................................................................................................................................... 47

14.1 Splošno ........................................................................................................................................ 47

14.2 Opremljanje z oprijemali ............................................................................................................... 47

14.3 Profil oprijemala ............................................................................................................................ 47

14.4 Neprekinjenost oprijemala ............................................................................................................ 48

14.5 Višina oprijemala .......................................................................................................................... 48

14.6 Vodoravni podaljšek oprijemala ................................................................................................... 48

14.7 Vizualne in taktilne informacije ..................................................................................................... 48

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SIST ISO 21542 : 2012

14.8 Mehanska odpornost .................................................................................................................... 48

15 Dvigala ............................................................................................................................................. 48

15.1 Splošne opombe .......................................................................................................................... 48

15.2 Notranja velikost kabine dvigala ................................................................................................... 49

15.3 Vhod v dvigalo – vratna odprtina .................................................................................................. 50

15.4 Oprema v dvigalu ......................................................................................................................... 51

15.5 Naprave za upravljanje in signali ................................................................................................. 53

15.6 Uporaba dvigal za evakuacijo ob požaru ..................................................................................... 55

16 Navpične in poševne dvižne ploščadi ............................................................................................. 56

16.1 Splošna uporaba .......................................................................................................................... 56

16.2 Velikost ploščadi ........................................................................................................................... 56

16.3 Navpične dvižne ploščadi ............................................................................................................. 56

17 Tekoče stopnice in tekoče steze ..................................................................................................... 56

18 Vrata in okna ................................................................................................................................... 57

18.1 Vrata in oprema za vrata .............................................................................................................. 57

18.2 Požarno odporna vrata ................................................................................................................. 63

18.3 Okna in oprema za okna .............................................................................................................. 63

19 Sprejemni prostori, sprejemna okenca, informacijski pulti in mesta z upravljanjem čakanja ................ 64

19.1 Poslušanje in branje z ustnic ........................................................................................................ 64

19.2 Lokacija ........................................................................................................................................ 64

19.3 Manevrski prostor ......................................................................................................................... 64

19.4 Višina ............................................................................................................................................ 64

19.5 Razsvetljava ................................................................................................................................. 65

19.6 Sistemi za upravljanje čakanja ..................................................................................................... 65

20 Garderoba ....................................................................................................................................... 65

21 Avditoriji, koncertne dvorane, športne dvorane in podobni prostori ................................................ 66

21.1 Sistemi za lažje poslušanje .......................................................................................................... 66

21.2 Razsvetljava za tolmača znakovnega jezika ................................................................................ 66

21.3 Označena sedežna mesta za uporabnike invalidskih vozičkov ................................................... 66

21.4 Dostop do odra in zaodrja ............................................................................................................ 66

21.5 Številke vrst in sedežev ................................................................................................................ 66

21.6 Prostori za preoblačenje............................................................................................................... 66

22 Konferenčni in sejni prostori ............................................................................................................ 67

23 Sedežna mesta v konferenčnih prostorih ........................................................................................ 67

23.1 Talna površina .............................................................................................................................. 67

23.2 Vidni prostor ................................................................................................................................. 68

24 Bari, gostilne, restavracije itd. ......................................................................................................... 68

25 Terase, verande in balkoni .............................................................................................................. 68

26 Toaletni in sanitarni prostori ............................................................................................................ 69

26.1 Splošno ........................................................................................................................................ 69

26.2 Straniščni prostori za gibalno ovirane/invalidne ljudi ................................................................... 69

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26.3 Toaletni prostori, dostopni za uporabnike invalidskih vozičkov.................................................... 70

26.4 Dimenzije toaletnih prostorov, dostopnih za uporabnike invalidskih vozičkov ............................. 70

26.5 Vrata toaletnega prostora ............................................................................................................. 75

26.6 Straniščna školjka ........................................................................................................................ 75

26.7 Oprijemala .................................................................................................................................... 75

26.8 Toaletni papir ................................................................................................................................ 76

26.9 Umivalnik ...................................................................................................................................... 77

26.10 Oskrba z vodo ............................................................................................................................ 78

26.11 Pipe ............................................................................................................................................ 78

26.12 Pisoarji ........................................................................................................................................ 79

26.13 Druga oprema ............................................................................................................................ 79

26.14 Alarm .......................................................................................................................................... 79

26.15 Opozorilni alarm v izrednih razmerah ........................................................................................ 80

26.16 Tuši ............................................................................................................................................. 80

26.17 Individualni tuši ........................................................................................................................... 81

26.18 Kopalnice .................................................................................................................................... 82

27 Spalnice v nestanovanjskih objektih ............................................................................................... 85

28 Kuhinje ............................................................................................................................................. 87

29 Shrambe .......................................................................................................................................... 87

30 Prostor za pse vodiče in druge spremljevalne pse ......................................................................... 87

30.1 Splošno ........................................................................................................................................ 87

30.2 Prostor za olajšanje psov vodičev in spremljevalnih psov ........................................................... 88

31 Talne in stenske površine ................................................................................................................ 88

32 Akustično okolje .............................................................................................................................. 88

32.1 Splošno ........................................................................................................................................ 88

32.2 Akustične zahteve ........................................................................................................................ 88

32.3 Sistemi za lažje poslušanje .......................................................................................................... 89

33 Razsvetljava .................................................................................................................................... 90

33.1 Splošno ........................................................................................................................................ 90

33.2 Zunanja razsvetljava .................................................................................................................... 90

33.3 Naravna razsvetljava .................................................................................................................... 90

33.4 Umetna razsvetljava ..................................................................................................................... 90

33.5 Razsvetljava za lažje vodenje ...................................................................................................... 91

33.6 Krmiljena in nastavljiva razsvetljava ............................................................................................ 91

33.7 Nivo osvetljenosti različnih območij ............................................................................................. 91

33.8 Razsvetljava avditorijev ............................................................................................................... 91

33.9 Bleščanje in sence ...................................................................................................................... 92

34 Požarni opozorilni sistemi, oznake in informacije ........................................................................... 92

34.1 Splošno ........................................................................................................................................ 92

34.2 Svetlobne opozorilne oznake ....................................................................................................... 92

34.3 Zvočni opozorilni sistemi .............................................................................................................. 93

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35 Vizualni kontrast .............................................................................................................................. 93

35.1 Splošno ........................................................................................................................................ 93

35.2 Izbira barv in oznak ...................................................................................................................... 94

36 Oprema, naprave za upravljanje in stikala ...................................................................................... 94

36.1 Splošno ........................................................................................................................................ 94

36.2 Lokacije, višine in razdalje............................................................................................................ 95

36.3 Lokacija elementov za upravljanje glede na vogale sten in vrata ................................................ 97

36.4 Delovanje ..................................................................................................................................... 98

36.5 Identifikacija .................................................................................................................................. 99

36.6 Uporabnost ................................................................................................................................... 99

36.7 Telefoni ......................................................................................................................................... 99

36.8 Dostopanje s kartico, avtomati za izdajanje in bančni avtomati (bankomati) itd. ....................... 100

36.9 Varnostni sistemi za dostopanje ................................................................................................ 101

36.10 Fontane za pitje ........................................................................................................................ 101

36.11 Smetnjaki ................................................................................................................................... 102

37 Pohištvo ......................................................................................................................................... 102

37.1 Splošno ...................................................................................................................................... 102

37.2 Prostor za sedenje v čakalnicah ................................................................................................ 102

37.3 Sedenje ob pultih, mizah itd. ...................................................................................................... 103

38 Požarna varnost, zaščita in evakuacija za vse.............................................................................. 103

38.1 Cilji požarnega inženiringa ..........................
...

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