Guidelines for contactless delivery services

This document provides general guidance on issues to be considered in standards related to contactless delivery services. It covers general principles, roles and responsibilities, delivery methods, service processes, quality control and improvements to be put in place to execute contactless delivery services. This document applies to — instant delivery, which generally applies to the retail, catering and medical sectors (including online food delivery, grocery delivery and medical supplies delivery); and — last-mile delivery with intermediate transfer, which generally applies to express and e-commerce fields (referring to the last-mile delivery of parcels). This document does not apply to cold chain logistics.

Lignes directrices relatives aux services de livraison sans contact

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
09-May-2022
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
10-May-2022
Due Date
04-Jun-2022
Completion Date
10-May-2022
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INTERNATIONAL IWA
WORKSHOP 36
AGREEMENT
First edition
2022-05
Guidelines for contactless delivery
services
Lignes directrices relatives aux services de livraison sans contact
Reference number
IWA 36:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
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IWA 36:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
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Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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IWA 36:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 General principles .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.1 Avoidance of physical contact ................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Integrity ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.3 Capability..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.4 Health, safety and environment .............................................................................................................................................. 3

4.5 Confidentiality and privacy ........................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.6 Visualization and traceability ................................................................................................................................................... 3

5 Role and responsibility ................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.1 Delivery service platform operator ..................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Merchant ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.3 Courier ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.4 Related delivery equipment operator ................................................................................................................................ 4

6 Delivery methods ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2 Courier delivery ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.3 Autonomous last-mile delivery ................................................................................................................................................ 5

7 Service process ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.1 Instant delivery ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.1.1 Courier delivery .................................................................................................................................................................. 5

7.1.2 Autonomous last-mile delivery .............................................................................................................................. 7

7.2 Last-mile delivery with intermediate transfer .......................................................................................................... 7

7.2.1 Courier delivery .................................................................................................................................................................. 7

7.2.2 Autonomous last-mile delivery .............................................................................................................................. 7

8 Quality control and improvement ..................................................................................................................................................... 7

8.1 Delivery platform ................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

8.1.1 Quality control system .................................................................................................................................................. 7

8.1.2 Information service and protection .................................................................................................................. 8

8.1.3 Intelligent devices ............................................................................................................................................................. 8

8.1.4 Ongoing evaluation and improvement ............................................................................................................ 8

8.1.5 Exception handling ........................................................................................................................................... ................ 8

8.1.6 Visualization and traceability ................................................................................................................................ 8

8.2 Couriers ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

8.2.1 Service specification ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

8.2.2 Service method .................................................................................................................................................................... 9

8.2.3 Emergency response ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

Annex A (informative) Examples of contactless delivery service processes .........................................................10

Annex B (informative) Workshop contributors ....................................................................................................................................12

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................14

iii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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IWA 36:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

International Workshop Agreement IWA 36 was approved at a series of workshops hosted by the

Standardization Administration of China (SAC), in association with China Council for the Promotion

of International Trade Commercial Sub-Council (CCPIT-CSC), held virtually between March 2021 and

January 2022.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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IWA 36:2022(E)
Introduction

Faced with the impact of the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, related delivery platforms (including

food delivery and grocery delivery) launched a "contactless delivery" service. Contactless delivery

services have made a substantial contribution to the health and safety of consumers and couriers

during the pandemic.

This document aims to improve transparency and understanding between consumers and delivery

service providers and to promote the transformation of service standards and operation models. This

document aims to enable couriers provide better value for consumers and reduce risk in the delivery

service process. This document aims to help enhance the effectiveness of the delivery industry and

accelerate the development of the profession by proposing ways to improve quality, professionalism

and ethical behaviour, as well as the introduction of new techniques in delivery service.

This document is based on good practices from the delivery industry. It includes recommendations to

use contactless delivery services, based on research and the experience of a wide range of delivery

platforms, merchants, couriers, other service providers and their consumers.

This guidance in this document is written from the perspective of couriers. It applies to all couriers,

whoever they are employed by, including delivery platforms, retailers and restaurants.

This document focuses only on the delivery service for material objects. It applies to couriers, consumers

and merchants, not to the delivery platform internal management.

This document supports the implementation of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

SDG3 (Good Health and Well-Being), SDG8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth), SDG11 (Sustainable

Cities and Communities) and SDG12 (Responsible Consumption and Production).
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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International Workshop Agreement IWA 36:2022(E)
Guidelines for contactless delivery services
1 Scope

This document provides general guidance on issues to be considered in standards related to contactless

delivery services. It covers general principles, roles and responsibilities, delivery methods, service

processes, quality control and improvements to be put in place to execute contactless delivery services.

This document applies to

— instant delivery, which generally applies to the retail, catering and medical sectors (including online

food delivery, grocery delivery and medical supplies delivery); and

— last-mile delivery with intermediate transfer, which generally applies to express and e-commerce

fields (referring to the last-mile delivery of parcels).
This document does not apply to cold chain logistics.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
courier

member of the service personnel who accepts and checks consumer (3.10) orders (3.4) through the

delivery platform or the merchant (3.7) and who deposits the ordered goods (3.8) in the designated

location

Note 1 to entry: The courier is a delivery person who works for the delivery service platform or the merchant.

3.2
contactless delivery

delivery of goods (3.8) to the consumer (3.10) or recipient without direct contact or human involvement

throughout the delivery process, in order to reduce the risk of occupational exposure of the courier

(3.1) and to ensure the safety of the consumer and the courier

Note 1 to entry: Delivery without direct contact generally refers to courier delivery.

Note 2 to entry: Delivery without human involvement generally refers to autonomous last-mile delivery (3.11).

3.3
instant messaging

communication between two or more people on the internet by means of real-time text messages, files,

voice, call and video
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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IWA 36:2022(E)
3.4
order

transaction information or delivery service demand information for online-purchased goods (3.8)

3.5
delivery service provider
company or organization that provides delivery services

EXAMPLE Delivery service platform operator (3.6); merchant (3.7) on the delivery service platform; related

delivery equipment operator.
3.6
delivery service platform operator
organization or legal entity that operates a delivery service platform
3.7
merchant

individual or organization that supplies goods (3.8) for consumers (3.10) online in the instant delivery

sector

Note 1 to entry: The merchant can use the delivery service of the platform to deliver the goods to the consumers.

It can also deliver the goods to the consumers itself.

Note 2 to entry: For example, the online food delivery segment includes the categories "merchant-to-consumer

delivery" and "platform-to-consumer delivery". Merchant-to-consumer delivery means that the merchant will

pick up the goods and directly deliver them to the consumer. Platform-to-consumer delivery means that the

platform will pick up the goods from the merchant and deliver them to the consumer.

3.8
goods

items or materials that, upon the placement of a purchase order (3.4), are being manufactured,

processed, handled or transported within the supply chain for delivery to a consumer (3.10)

[SOURCE: ISO 28001:2007, 3.11, modified]
3.9
smart locker

self-service equipment located in a publicly accessible area, used by the delivery service provider (3.5) to

deposit goods (3.8) or parcels (3.12) and accessible to the consumer (3.10) to take collection of the goods

or parcels

Note 1 to entry: Smart lockers generally include smart parcel lockers and smart food lockers.

Note 2 to entry: A smart food locker is an intelligent service facility that provides short-term access services for

food and catering in the context of online food delivery.
3.10
consumer

person who initiates the delivery service order (3.4) request to the platform or the merchant (3.7) and

who receives the order
3.11
last-mile delivery

final step in the journey of goods (3.8) from the distribution location (3.13) to the consumer (3.10)

3.12
parcel
physical package that is mailed or shipped
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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IWA 36:2022(E)
3.13
distribution location

last-mile delivery (3.11) hub that integrates the functions of receiving, temporary storage, distribution

and special operations and that ships goods (3.8) out to the final destination
4 General principles
4.1 Avoidance of physical contact

Physical contact is avoided between couriers and consumers or people who have potential contact

opportunities with couriers when picking up goods from the merchants or in the distribution locations.

4.2 Integrity

Delivery services are conducted in an honest, respectful and courteous manner, taking into account the

interests of consumers, and are communicated accurately.
4.3 Capability

Couriers should have received special training for contactless delivery services and should have passed

the corresponding assessments.
4.4 Health, safety and environment

The health and safety of consumers and couriers and their environmental expectations are given

priority at the operational level.
4.5 Confidentiality and privacy
Personal information should be treated in a confidential manner, respecting
...

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