Fine bubble technology -- Cleaning applications

This document specifies a test method for the cleaning of hard flooring surfaces. It can be used to demonstrate the comparative cleaning performance of a fine bubble solution to an alternate cleaning solution to remove contaminant from a soiled surface. This alternate cleaning solution can be another fine bubble solution, municipal tap water or a commercially available cleaning solution blended to the manufacturer’s specifications. This method is not suitable for differentiating between cleaning solutions when the contaminant is excessively applied on the surface as the mechanism of cleaning changes.

Technologie des fines bulles -- Applications de nettoyage

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
29-Jul-2021
Current Stage
5060 - Close of voting Proof returned by Secretariat
Start Date
29-Jun-2021
Completion Date
29-Jun-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 21256-3
First edition
2021-07
Fine bubble technology — Cleaning
applications —
Part 3:
Test method for cleaning hard flooring
surfaces
Reference number
ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 1

5 Apparatus ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.1 Test equipment ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.2 Determination of soil removal ................................................................................................................................................... 3

6 Preparation of test pieces ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.1 Test pieces ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2 Test soil .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.3 Method of depositing test soil on the test pieces ...................................................................................................... 4

7 Procedure..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

7.1 Condition of the cleaning test..................................................................................................................................................... 4

7.2 Measurement of the test soil on test piece...................................................................................................................... 5

8 Calculation of the cleaning index of the soil ............................................................................................................................ 5

9 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

Annex A (informative) Method of depositing soil on the test pieces ................................................................................... 6

Annex B (informative) Operation of the test apparatus ................................................................................................................10

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................12

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 281, Fine bubble technology.

A list of all parts in the ISO 21256 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
Introduction

Fine bubble technology has a number of applications across industries such as cleaning, transport,

maintenance, agriculture, aquaculture, food and drink, cosmetics as well as biomedical. This list is

expected to expand as fine bubble technology matures and becomes even more commonplace.

This document fills a gap in standards development in not only addressing a fine bubble cleaning

application but also providing an international hard flooring surfaces cleaning test method standard,

which also does not presently exist. Hard flooring surfaces cleaning and its standardization is important

to society as there is a public understanding that clean interior spaces, including flooring, also signifies

a safer and healthier environment, which provides peace of mind.

This document provides a detailed method, equipment specifics, an applicable soil formulation, analysis

of the results, and applicability.

United Nations Sustainable Development Goals – ISO Standards Contributions, Fine Bubble

Technology, Cleaning

Fine bubble technology (FBT) contributes positively toward the United Nations Sustainable

Development Goals (SDGs) to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. Depending on the

application, FBT can directly support one or more of the SDGs, including Goal 6: Clean Water and

Sanitation, Goal 12: Responsible Production and Consumption, and Goal 13: Climate Action.

FBT solutions can be a substitute for chemical cleaning. The reduction in cleaning chemical use may be

directly measured and totalled in support of Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation. Eliminating the use of

cleaning chemicals reduces waste generation and also provides for the sound management of chemicals

and waste during their life cycle, which supports Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production.

Goal 13: Climate Action is supported through the reduced energy needs of FBT as compared to chemical

cleaners. The reduction in carbon dioxide emissions is primarily associated with the elimination of

recurring manufacturing and distribution of these chemical cleaners.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
Fine bubble technology — Cleaning applications —
Part 3:
Test method for cleaning hard flooring surfaces
1 Scope

This document specifies a test method for the cleaning of hard flooring surfaces. It can be used to

demonstrate the comparative cleaning performance of a fine bubble solution to an alternate cleaning

solution to remove contaminant from a soiled surface. This alternate cleaning solution can be another

fine bubble solution, municipal tap water or a commercially available cleaning solution blended to the

manufacturer’s specifications.

This method is not suitable for differentiating between cleaning solutions when the contaminant is

excessively applied on the surface as the mechanism of cleaning changes.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 20480-1, Fine bubble technology — General principles for usage and measurement of fine bubbles —

Part 1: Terminology
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 20480-1 and the following

apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
contaminant

foreign matter, undesired substances of organic and inorganic origin, undesired matter

3.2
test soil
hard flooring contaminant (3.1) standardized for testing purposes
3.3
test piece
hard flooring surface standardized for testing purposes
4 Principle

The principle is to evaluate the performance of contaminant removal by each cleaning solution by

measuring the mass of residual contaminate after exposure to the cleaning solutions.

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
5 Apparatus
5.1 Test equipment
The test equipment shall be as specified below.

Figure 1 shows a typical example of equipment for testing the fine bubble supply system, where the

difference in the result under the operation with the fine bubble generator on and off is to be compared.

a) The test apparatus uses a modified reciprocating scrub testing machine.

1) Replace the brush of the apparatus with a spray nozzle, which provides a light spray of the

cleaning solution as the nozzle repeatedly moves back and forth across the soil surface.

2) The nozzle type should be a hydraulic atomizing nozzle providing a hollow cone fine spray with

an approximate spray angle of 70° with a nominal diameter orifice of 1 mm.
b) Municipal tap water should be supplied with a flow rate of 0,45 ± 0,05 l/min.
NOTE This flow rate is typical for walk-behind hard floor cleaning equipment.

c) The diameter of the hollow cone spray at the contaminant surface should be 70 mm to 80 mm.

d) The nozzle tip should be approximately 45 mm above the test piece, creating a spay cone wider

than the soil pattern on the substrate.

e) The centre of the soil pattern of the test piece shall be placed under the path of the nozzle travel

...

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 21256-3
First edition
Fine bubble technology — Cleaning
applications —
Part 3:
Test method for cleaning hard flooring
surfaces
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 1

5 Apparatus ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.1 Test equipment ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.2 Determination of soil removal ................................................................................................................................................... 3

6 Preparation of test pieces ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.1 Test pieces ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2 Test soil .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.3 Method of depositing test soil on the test pieces ...................................................................................................... 4

7 Procedure..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

7.1 Condition of the cleaning test..................................................................................................................................................... 4

7.2 Measurement of the test soil on test piece...................................................................................................................... 5

8 Calculation of the cleaning index of the soil ............................................................................................................................ 5

9 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

Annex A (informative) Method of depositing soil on the test pieces ................................................................................... 6

Annex B (informative) Operation of the test apparatus ................................................................................................................11

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................13

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 281, Fine bubble technology.

A list of all parts in the ISO 21256 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
Introduction

Fine bubble technology has a number of applications across industries such as cleaning, transport,

maintenance, agriculture, aquaculture, food and drink, cosmetics as well as biomedical. This list is

expected to expand as fine bubble technology matures and becomes even more commonplace.

This document fills a gap in standards development in not only addressing a fine bubble cleaning

application but also providing an international hard flooring surfaces cleaning test method standard,

which also does not presently exist. Hard flooring surfaces cleaning and its standardization is important

to society as there is a public understanding that clean interior spaces, including flooring, also signifies

a safer and healthier environment, which provides peace of mind.

This document provides a detailed method, equipment specifics, and applicable soil formulation,

analysis of the results, and applicability.

United Nations Sustainable Development Goals – ISO Standards Contributions, Fine Bubble

Technology, Cleaning

Fine bubble technology (FBT) contributes positively toward the United Nations Sustainable

Development Goals (SDGs) to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. Depending on the

application, FBT can directly support one or more of the SDGs, including Goal 6: Clean Water and

Sanitation, Goal 12: Responsible Production and Consumption, and Goal 13: Climate Action.

FBT solutions can be a substitute for chemical cleaning. The reduction in cleaning chemical use may be

directly measured and totalled in support of Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation. Eliminating the use of

cleaning chemicals reduces waste generation and also provides for the sound management of chemicals

and waste during their life cycle, which supports Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production.

Goal 13: Climate Action is supported through the reduced energy needs of FBT as compared to chemical

cleaners. The reduction in carbon dioxide emissions is primarily associated with the elimination of

recurring manufacturing and distribution of these chemical cleaners.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
Fine bubble technology — Cleaning applications —
Part 3:
Test method for cleaning hard flooring surfaces
1 Scope

This document specifies a test method for the cleaning of hard flooring surfaces. It can be used to

demonstrate the comparative cleaning performance of a fine bubble solution to an alternate cleaning

solution to remove contaminant from a soiled surface. This alternate cleaning solution can be another

fine bubble solution, municipal tap water or a commercially available cleaning solution blended to the

manufacturer’s specifications.

This method is not suitable for differentiating between cleaning solutions when the contaminate is

excessively applied on the surface as the mechanism of cleaning changes.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 20480-1, Fine bubble technology — General principles for usage and measurement of fine bubbles —

Part 1: Terminology
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 20480-1 and the following

apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
contaminate

foreign matter, undesired substances of organic and inorganic origin, undesired matter

3.2
test soil
hard flooring contaminate (3.1) standardized for testing purposes
3.3
test piece
hard flooring surface standardized for testing purposes
4 Principle

The principle is to evaluate the performance of contaminate removal by each cleaning solution by

measuring the mass of residual contaminate after exposure to the cleaning solutions.

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
5 Apparatus
5.1 Test equipment
The test equipment shall be as specified below.

Figure 1 shows a typical example of equipment for testing the fine bubble supply system, where the

difference in the result under the operation with the fine bubble generator on and off is to be compared.

a) The test apparatus uses a modified reciprocating scrub testing machine.

1) Replace the brush of the apparatus with a spray nozzle, which provides a light spray of the

cleaning solution as the nozzle repeatedly moves back and forth across the soil surface.

2) The nozzle type should be a hydraulic atomizing nozzle providing a hollow cone fine spray with

an approximate spray angle of 70° with a nominal diameter orifice of 1 mm.
b) Municipal tap water should be supplied with a flow rate of 0,45 ± 0,05 l/min.
NOTE This flow rate is a typical for walk-behind hard floor cleaning equipment.

c) The diameter of the hollow cone spray at the contaminate surface should 70 mm to 80 mm.

d) The nozzle tip should approximately 45 mm above the test piece, creating a spay cone wider than

the soil pattern on the substrate.

e) The centre of the soil pattern of the test piece shall placed under the path of the nozzle travel.

f) The fluid nozzle of the cleaning stream shall be normal, perpendicular, to the surface of the test

piece.
2 PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 21256-3:2021(E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 test sample
2 nozzle
3 cleaning fluid spray
4 fine bubble generator
5 fine bub
...

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