Telecommunications and exchange between information technology systems — Requirements for local and metropolitan area networks — Part 1AX: Link aggregation

Télécommunications et échange entre systèmes informatiques — Exigences pour les réseaux locaux et métropolitains — Partie 1AX: Agrégation de lien

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Published
Publication Date
12-Sep-2021
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
13-Sep-2021
Completion Date
13-Sep-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC/
STANDARD IEEE
8802-1AX
Second edition
2021-09
Telecommunications and exchange
between information technology
systems — Requirements for local and
metropolitan area networks —
Part 1AX:
Link aggregation
Télécommunications et échange entre systèmes informatiques —
Exigences pour les réseaux locaux et métropolitains —
Partie 1AX: Agrégation de lien
Reference number
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)
IEEE 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© IEEE 2020

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Published in Switzerland
ii © IEEE 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE FDIS 8802-1AX:2021(E)
Foreword

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IEEE Standards documents are developed within the IEEE Societies and the Standards Coordinating

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ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX was prepared by the LAN/MAN of the IEEE Computer Society (as IEEE Std

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© IEEE 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
IEEE Std 802.1AX™-2020
(Revision of IEEE Std 802.1AX-2014)
IEEE Standard for
Local and Metropolitan Area Networks—
Link Aggregation
Developed by the
LAN/MAN Standards Committee
of the
IEEE Computer Society
Approved 30 January 2020
IEEE SA Standards Board
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)

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---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)
Participants

At the time this revision was submitted to the IEEE SA for approval, the IEEE P802.1 Working Group had

the following membership:
Glenn Parsons, Chair
John Messenger, Vice Chair
János Farkas, Chair, Time-Sensitive Networking Task Group
Stephen Haddock and Jessy Rouyer, Co-Editors
Astrit Ademaj Yoshihiro Ito
Maximilian Riegel
Ralf Assmann Michael Karl Atsushi Sato
Jens Bierschenk Stephan Kehrer Frank Schewe
Christian Boiger Randy Kelsey Michael Seaman
Paul Bottorff Hajime Koto Maik Seewald
James Lawlis
Radhakrishna Canchi Johannes Specht
Feng Chen Christophe Mangin Marius Stanica
Weiying Cheng Scott Mansfield Guenter Steindl
Paul Congdon Kenichi Maruhashi Karim Traore
Rodney Cummings David McCall
Hao Wang
Josef Dorr Larry McMillan Tongtong Wang
Hesham Elbakoury Tero Mustala Xinyuan Wang
Thomas Enzinger Roy Myers Karl Weber
Donald Fedyk Hiroki Nakano Brian Weis
Bob Noseworthy
Norman Finn Ludwig Winkel
Geoffrey Garner Tomoki Ohsawa Jordon Woods
Craig Gunther Hiroshi Ohue Takahiro Yamaura
Marina Gutierrez Donald R. Pannell Nader Zein
Mark Hantel Michael Potts
William Zhao
Marc Holness Dieter Proell Helge Zinner
Satoko Itaya Wei Qiu Harald Zweck
Karen Randall
Copyright © 2020 IEEE. All rights reserved.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)

The following members of the balloting committee voted on this standard. Balloters may have voted for

approval, disapproval, or abstention.
Raj Jain Bansi Patel
Thomas Alexander
Sangkwon Jeong
Richard Alfvin Brian Petry
Butch Anton Pranav Jha David Piehler
Lokesh Kabra Walter Pienciak
Stefan Aust
Srinivas Kandala
Harry Bims Rick Pimpinella
Kenneth Bow Piotr Karocki Clinton Powell
Stuart Kerry R. K. Rannow
Rich Boyer
Evgeny Khorov
Nancy Bravin Maximilian Riegel
Vern Brethour Yongbum Kim Robert Robinson
Robert Landman
Demetrio Bucaneg Jessy Rouyer
Hyeong Ho Lee
William Byrd John Sargent
Radhakrishna Canchi John Lemon Frank Schewe
James Lepp
Paul Cardinal Michael Seaman
Michael Lynch
Juan Carreon Thomas Starai
Pin Chang John Mackay Walter Struppler
Roger Marks
János Farkas Michael Thompson
Arthur Marris
John Fletcher Mark-Rene Uchida
Avraham Freedman Jeffery Masters James Van De Ligt
Brett Mcclellan
Devon Gayle Dmitri Varsanofiev
Zhigang Gong Richard Mellitz George Vlantis
Randall Groves Jose Morales Stephen Webb
Ronald Murias
Stephen Haddock Karl Weber
Marek Hajduczenia Bruce Muschlitz Hung-Yu Wei
Marco Hernandez Nick S. A. Nikjoo Scott Willy
Satoshi Obara
Werner Hoelzl Peter Wu
Yasuhiro Hyakutake Carlos Pardo Oren Yuen
Satoko Itaya Nader Zein

When the IEEE-SA Standards Board approved this standard on 30 January 2020, it had the following

membership:
Gary Hoffman, Chair
Vacant Position, Vice Chair
Jean-Philippe Faure, Past Chair
Konstantinos Karachalios, Secretary
Ted Burse Howard Li Dorothy Stanley
J. Travis Griffith Dong Liu Mehmet Ulema
Grace Gu Kevin Lu Lei Wang
Guido R. Hiertz Paul Nikolich
Sha Wei
Joseph L. Koepfinger* Damir Novosel Philip B. Winston
John D. Kulick Jon Walter Rosdahl Daidi Zhong
David J. Law Jingyi Zhou
*Member Emeritus
Copyright © 2020 IEEE. All rights reserved.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)
Introduction

(This introduction is not part of IEEE Std 802.1AX-2020, IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area

Networks—Link Aggregation.)

Link Aggregation allows one or more links to be aggregated together to form a Link Aggregation Group

(LAG) so that the Link Aggregation Client can treat the LAG as if it were a single link. Link Aggregation

was originally published as IEEE Std 802.3ad™-2000 and subsequently incorporated into the

IEEE Std 802.3™, 2000 Edition. In 2008 Link Aggregation was removed from IEEE Std 802.3 and

published as IEEE Std 802.1AX-2008. These standards specified the aggregation of full-duplex point-to-

point links using IEEE Std 802.3 media of the same speed.

An amendment, IEEE Std 802.1AXbk™-2012, specified changes to the addressing used by the link

aggregation control and marker protocols to allow a LAG to span Two-Port Media Access Control (MAC)

Relays (TPMRs) and to span Provider Bridged Networks and Provider Backbone Bridge Networks.

A revision, IEEE Std 802.1AX-2014, extended Link Aggregation in three areas. First, it explicitly allowed

the aggregation of point-to-point links of any speed using any physical media or logical connection capable

of supporting the Internal Sublayer Service specified in IEEE Std 802.1AC™. Second, it specified

Conversation-Sensitive Collection and Distribution (CSCD) that provides a mechanism to identify the

distribution algorithm in use to map data frames to individual links in the LAG and to convey that

information to the Link Aggregation Partner via Link Aggregation Control Protocol Data Units (LACPDUs)

containing version 2 type/length/values (TLVs). Third, it specified Distributed Resilient Network

Interconnect (DRNI) that allows a LAG to terminate at two or three cooperating Systems so that the LAG

provides resiliency to System-level failures as well as link level failures. A corrigendum, IEEE Std

802.1AX-2014/Cor 1-2017, provided technical and editorial corrections to CSCD.

This revision, IEEE Std 802.1AX-2020, makes significant refinements and simplifications to the Link

Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) as well as to CSCD and DRNI. In LACP, the Periodic state machine

and Transmit state machine are combined to a single machine, and the Mux machine is optimized to reduce

the likelihood of excessive Link Aggregation Control Protocol Data Unit (LACPDU) transmissions. CSCD

is refined to eliminate the TLVs that led to LACPDUs greater than 128 bytes in length. DRNI is significantly

revised and simplified to support a LAG terminating at just two (not three) cooperating Systems.

Every effort has been made to maintain interoperability, without prior configuration, with LACP

implementations conforming to IEEE Std 802.3ad-2000, IEEE Std 802.1AX-2008, or IEEE Std 802.1AX-

2014 and with CSCD implementations conforming to IEEE Std 802.1AX-2014. The changes to DRNI, and

in particular the Distributed Relay Control Protocol (DRCP), are such that an implementation conforming to

this standard will not interoperate with a DRCP implementation conforming to IEEE Std 802.1AX-2014.

The DRCP version number in this standard has been changed to version 2, and care has been taken so that a

DRCP implementation conformant to IEEE Std 802.1AX-2014 will discard version 2 DRCPDUs as invalid

and that implementations of this standard will discard version 1 DRCPDUs.

This standard contains state-of-the-art material. The area covered by this standard is undergoing evolution.

Revisions are anticipated within the next few years to clarify existing material, to correct possible errors, and

to incorporate new related material. Information on the current revision state of this and other IEEE 802

standards may be obtained from
Secretary, IEEE-SA Standards Board
445 Hoes Lane
Piscataway, NJ 08854
USA
Copyright © 2020 IEEE. All rights reserved.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)
Contents

1. Overview............................................................................................................................................ 18

1.1 Scope...................................................................................................................................... 18

1.2 Purpose................................................................................................................................... 18

1.3 State diagram conventions ..................................................................................................... 19

2. Normative references......................................................................................................................... 20

3. Definitions ......................................................................................................................................... 21

4. Acronyms and abbreviations ............................................................................................................. 24

5. Conformance...................................................................................................................................... 25

5.1 Requirements terminology..................................................................................................... 25

5.2 Protocol implementation conformance statement.................................................................. 25

5.3 Link Aggregation................................................................................................................... 25

5.3.2 Link Aggregation options ...................................................................................... 26

5.4 Distributed Resilient Network Interconnect (DRNI)............................................................. 26

5.4.2 DRNI options......................................................................................................... 27

6. Link Aggregation............................................................................................................................... 28

6.1 Overview................................................................................................................................ 28

6.1.1 Goals and objectives .............................................................................................. 28

6.1.2 Positioning of Link Aggregation within the IEEE 802 architecture...................... 29

6.1.3 Protocol Parser/Multiplexer................................................................................... 29

6.1.3.1 Protocol Parser state diagram ................................................................ 30

6.2 Link Aggregation operation................................................................................................... 31

6.2.1 Principles of Link Aggregation.............................................................................. 33

6.2.2 Service interfaces................................................................................................... 34

6.2.3 Frame Collector ..................................................................................................... 34

6.2.3.1 Frame Collector state diagram............................................................... 35

6.2.4 Frame Distributor................................................................................................... 36

6.2.4.1 Frame Distributor state diagram ............................................................ 36

6.2.5 Marker Generator/Receiver (optional)................................................................... 37

6.2.6 Marker Responder.................................................................................................. 38

6.2.7 Aggregator Parser/Multiplexer .............................................................................. 38

6.2.7.1 Aggregator Parser/Multiplexer state diagrams ...................................... 38

6.2.8 Aggregator ............................................................................................................. 42

6.2.9 LACP Parser/Multiplexer ...................................................................................... 43

6.2.10 Addressing ............................................................................................................. 43

6.2.10.1 Source address (SA)............................................................................... 43

6.2.10.2 Destination address (DA)....................................................................... 43

6.3 Link Aggregation Control..............................................................................................

...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC/
DRAFT
STANDARD IEEE/FDIS
8802-1AX
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 6
Telecommunications and exchange
Secretariat: KATS
between information technology
Voting begins on:
2021-03-11 systems — Requirements for local
and metropolitan area networks —
Voting terminates on:
2021-07-29
Part 1AX:
Link aggregation
Télécommunications et échange entre systèmes informatiques
— Exigences pour les réseaux locaux et métropolitains —
Partie 1AX: Agrégation de lien
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/IEC/IEEE FDIS 8802-1AX:2021(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. IEEE 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE FDIS 8802-1AX:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© IEEE 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

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Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc
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NY 10016-5997, USA
Email: stds.ipr@ieee.org
Website: www.ieee.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © IEEE 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE FDIS 8802-1AX:2021(E)
Foreword

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Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

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© IEEE 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
IEEE Std 802.1AX™-2020
(Revision of IEEE Std 802.1AX-2014)
IEEE Standard for
Local and Metropolitan Area Networks—
Link Aggregation
Developed by the
LAN/MAN Standards Committee
of the
IEEE Computer Society
Approved 30 January 2020
IEEE SA Standards Board
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)

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---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)
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---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)
Participants

At the time this revision was submitted to the IEEE SA for approval, the IEEE P802.1 Working Group had

the following membership:
Glenn Parsons, Chair
John Messenger, Vice Chair
János Farkas, Chair, Time-Sensitive Networking Task Group
Stephen Haddock and Jessy Rouyer, Co-Editors
Astrit Ademaj Yoshihiro Ito
Maximilian Riegel
Ralf Assmann Michael Karl Atsushi Sato
Jens Bierschenk Stephan Kehrer Frank Schewe
Christian Boiger Randy Kelsey Michael Seaman
Paul Bottorff Hajime Koto Maik Seewald
James Lawlis
Radhakrishna Canchi Johannes Specht
Feng Chen Christophe Mangin Marius Stanica
Weiying Cheng Scott Mansfield Guenter Steindl
Paul Congdon Kenichi Maruhashi Karim Traore
Rodney Cummings David McCall
Hao Wang
Josef Dorr Larry McMillan Tongtong Wang
Hesham Elbakoury Tero Mustala Xinyuan Wang
Thomas Enzinger Roy Myers Karl Weber
Donald Fedyk Hiroki Nakano Brian Weis
Bob Noseworthy
Norman Finn Ludwig Winkel
Geoffrey Garner Tomoki Ohsawa Jordon Woods
Craig Gunther Hiroshi Ohue Takahiro Yamaura
Marina Gutierrez Donald R. Pannell Nader Zein
Mark Hantel Michael Potts
William Zhao
Marc Holness Dieter Proell Helge Zinner
Satoko Itaya Wei Qiu Harald Zweck
Karen Randall
Copyright © 2020 IEEE. All rights reserved.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)

The following members of the balloting committee voted on this standard. Balloters may have voted for

approval, disapproval, or abstention.
Raj Jain Bansi Patel
Thomas Alexander
Sangkwon Jeong
Richard Alfvin Brian Petry
Butch Anton Pranav Jha David Piehler
Lokesh Kabra Walter Pienciak
Stefan Aust
Srinivas Kandala
Harry Bims Rick Pimpinella
Kenneth Bow Piotr Karocki Clinton Powell
Stuart Kerry R. K. Rannow
Rich Boyer
Evgeny Khorov
Nancy Bravin Maximilian Riegel
Vern Brethour Yongbum Kim Robert Robinson
Robert Landman
Demetrio Bucaneg Jessy Rouyer
Hyeong Ho Lee
William Byrd John Sargent
Radhakrishna Canchi John Lemon Frank Schewe
James Lepp
Paul Cardinal Michael Seaman
Michael Lynch
Juan Carreon Thomas Starai
Pin Chang John Mackay Walter Struppler
Roger Marks
János Farkas Michael Thompson
Arthur Marris
John Fletcher Mark-Rene Uchida
Avraham Freedman Jeffery Masters James Van De Ligt
Brett Mcclellan
Devon Gayle Dmitri Varsanofiev
Zhigang Gong Richard Mellitz George Vlantis
Randall Groves Jose Morales Stephen Webb
Ronald Murias
Stephen Haddock Karl Weber
Marek Hajduczenia Bruce Muschlitz Hung-Yu Wei
Marco Hernandez Nick S. A. Nikjoo Scott Willy
Satoshi Obara
Werner Hoelzl Peter Wu
Yasuhiro Hyakutake Carlos Pardo Oren Yuen
Satoko Itaya Nader Zein

When the IEEE-SA Standards Board approved this standard on 30 January 2020, it had the following

membership:
Gary Hoffman, Chair
Vacant Position, Vice Chair
Jean-Philippe Faure, Past Chair
Konstantinos Karachalios, Secretary
Ted Burse Howard Li Dorothy Stanley
J. Travis Griffith Dong Liu Mehmet Ulema
Grace Gu Kevin Lu Lei Wang
Guido R. Hiertz Paul Nikolich
Sha Wei
Joseph L. Koepfinger* Damir Novosel Philip B. Winston
John D. Kulick Jon Walter Rosdahl Daidi Zhong
David J. Law Jingyi Zhou
*Member Emeritus
Copyright © 2020 IEEE. All rights reserved.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)
Introduction

(This introduction is not part of IEEE Std 802.1AX-2020, IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area

Networks—Link Aggregation.)

Link Aggregation allows one or more links to be aggregated together to form a Link Aggregation Group

(LAG) so that the Link Aggregation Client can treat the LAG as if it were a single link. Link Aggregation

was originally published as IEEE Std 802.3ad™-2000 and subsequently incorporated into the

IEEE Std 802.3™, 2000 Edition. In 2008 Link Aggregation was removed from IEEE Std 802.3 and

published as IEEE Std 802.1AX-2008. These standards specified the aggregation of full-duplex point-to-

point links using IEEE Std 802.3 media of the same speed.

An amendment, IEEE Std 802.1AXbk™-2012, specified changes to the addressing used by the link

aggregation control and marker protocols to allow a LAG to span Two-Port Media Access Control (MAC)

Relays (TPMRs) and to span Provider Bridged Networks and Provider Backbone Bridge Networks.

A revision, IEEE Std 802.1AX-2014, extended Link Aggregation in three areas. First, it explicitly allowed

the aggregation of point-to-point links of any speed using any physical media or logical connection capable

of supporting the Internal Sublayer Service specified in IEEE Std 802.1AC™. Second, it specified

Conversation-Sensitive Collection and Distribution (CSCD) that provides a mechanism to identify the

distribution algorithm in use to map data frames to individual links in the LAG and to convey that

information to the Link Aggregation Partner via Link Aggregation Control Protocol Data Units (LACPDUs)

containing version 2 type/length/values (TLVs). Third, it specified Distributed Resilient Network

Interconnect (DRNI) that allows a LAG to terminate at two or three cooperating Systems so that the LAG

provides resiliency to System-level failures as well as link level failures. A corrigendum, IEEE Std

802.1AX-2014/Cor 1-2017, provided technical and editorial corrections to CSCD.

This revision, IEEE Std 802.1AX-2020, makes significant refinements and simplifications to the Link

Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) as well as to CSCD and DRNI. In LACP, the Periodic state machine

and Transmit state machine are combined to a single machine, and the Mux machine is optimized to reduce

the likelihood of excessive Link Aggregation Control Protocol Data Unit (LACPDU) transmissions. CSCD

is refined to eliminate the TLVs that led to LACPDUs greater than 128 bytes in length. DRNI is significantly

revised and simplified to support a LAG terminating at just two (not three) cooperating Systems.

Every effort has been made to maintain interoperability, without prior configuration, with LACP

implementations conforming to IEEE Std 802.3ad-2000, IEEE Std 802.1AX-2008, or IEEE Std 802.1AX-

2014 and with CSCD implementations conforming to IEEE Std 802.1AX-2014. The changes to DRNI, and

in particular the Distributed Relay Control Protocol (DRCP), are such that an implementation conforming to

this standard will not interoperate with a DRCP implementation conforming to IEEE Std 802.1AX-2014.

The DRCP version number in this standard has been changed to version 2, and care has been taken so that a

DRCP implementation conformant to IEEE Std 802.1AX-2014 will discard version 2 DRCPDUs as invalid

and that implementations of this standard will discard version 1 DRCPDUs.

This standard contains state-of-the-art material. The area covered by this standard is undergoing evolution.

Revisions are anticipated within the next few years to clarify existing material, to correct possible errors, and

to incorporate new related material. Information on the current revision state of this and other IEEE 802

standards may be obtained from
Secretary, IEEE-SA Standards Board
445 Hoes Lane
Piscataway, NJ 08854
USA
Copyright © 2020 IEEE. All rights reserved.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-1AX:2021(E)
Contents

1. Overview............................................................................................................................................ 18

1.1 Scope...................................................................................................................................... 18

1.2 Purpose................................................................................................................................... 18

1.3 State diagram conventions ..................................................................................................... 19

2. Normative references......................................................................................................................... 20

3. Definitions ......................................................................................................................................... 21

4. Acronyms and abbreviations ............................................................................................................. 24

5. Conformance...................................................................................................................................... 25

5.1 Requirements terminology..................................................................................................... 25

5.2 Protocol implementation conformance statement.................................................................. 25

5.3 Link Aggregation................................................................................................................... 25

5.3.2 Link Aggregation options ...................................................................................... 26

5.4 Distributed Resilient Network Interconnect (DRNI)............................................................. 26

5.4.2 DRNI options......................................................................................................... 27

6. Link Aggregation............................................................................................................................... 28

6.1 Overview................................................................................................................................ 28

6.1.1 Goals and objectives .............................................................................................. 28

6.1.2 Positioning of Link Aggregation within the IEEE 802 architecture...................... 29

6.1.3 Protocol Parser/Multiplexer................................................................................... 29

6.1.3.1 Protocol Parser state diagram ................................................................ 30

6.2 Link Aggregation operation................................................................................................... 31

6.2.1 Principles of Link Aggregation.............................................................................. 33

6.2.2 Service interfaces................................................................................................... 34

6.2.3 Frame Collector ..................................................................................................... 34

6.2.3.1 Frame Collector state diagram............................................................... 35

6.2.4 Frame Distributor................................................................................................... 36

6.2.4.1 Frame Distributor state diagram ............................................................ 36

6.2.5 Marker Generator/Receiver (optional)................................................................... 37

6.2.6 Marker Responder.................................................................................................. 38

6.2.7 Aggregator Parser/Multiplexer .............................................................................. 38

6.2.7.1 Aggregator Parser/Multiplexer state diagrams ...................................... 38

6.2.8 Aggregator ............................................................................................................. 42

6.2
...

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