Road marking materials - Road trials

This document specifies the requirements for conducting road trials for road marking materials intended for use in both permanent and temporary road marking. Details are given for test sites, for the application of road marking materials on the test sites, for the parameters to be measured and the frequency of the measurements and for the presentation of the results in the form of a test report.

Straßenmarkierungsmaterialien - Feldprüfungen

Dieses Dokument legt die Anforderungen für die Durchführung von Feldprüfungen mit Straßenmarkierungsmaterialien fest, die sowohl für den dauerhaften als auch für vorübergehenden Einsatz vorgesehen sind. Es enthält Einzelheiten zu Prüffeldern, zur Applikation des Straßenmarkierungsmaterials auf den Prüffeldern, zu den zu messenden Parametern, zur Häufigkeit der Messungen und zur Darstellung der Ergebnisse in Form eines Prüfberichtes.

Produits de marquage routier - Essais routiers

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences pour la conduite des expérimentations sur chaussée pour les produits de marquage routier destinés à une utilisation aussi bien permanente que temporaire. Des détails sont donnés pour les sites d’essai, l’application des produits sur ces sites, les paramètres à mesurer et la fréquence des mesurages ainsi que la présentation des résultats sous forme d’un rapport d’essai.

Materiali za označevanje vozišča - Terenski preskusi

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
14-Feb-2019
Publication Date
15-Nov-2020
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
12-Nov-2020
Due Date
17-Jan-2021
Completion Date
16-Nov-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1824:2020
01-december-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 1824:2011
Materiali za označevanje vozišča - Terenski preskusi
Road marking materials - Road trials
Straßenmarkierungsmaterialien - Feldprüfungen
Produits de marquage routier - Essais routiers
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1824:2020
ICS:
93.080.20 Materiali za gradnjo cest Road construction materials
SIST EN 1824:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 1824:2020
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SIST EN 1824:2020
EN 1824
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
November 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 93.080.20 Supersedes EN 1824:2011
English Version
Road marking materials - Road trials

Produits de marquage routier - Essais routiers Straßenmarkierungsmaterialien - Feldprüfungen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 3 August 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1824:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 1824:2020
EN 1824:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Test sites and conditions .............................................................................................................................. 7

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.2 Test sites characteristics and location .................................................................................................... 7

4.3 Climatic conditions and classes .................................................................................................................. 7

Table 1 — Test Field climatic classes ..................................................................................................................... 7

4.4 Road surface conditions and classes ........................................................................................................ 7

Table 2 — Test field roughness classes ................................................................................................................. 8

4.5 Roll-over classes .............................................................................................................................................. 8

Table 3 — Roll-over classes ....................................................................................................................................... 9

4.6 Studded tyres .................................................................................................................................................... 9

5 Organization of road trials ........................................................................................................................... 9

5.1 Duration .............................................................................................................................................................. 9

5.2 Transverse and longitudinal application patterns .......................................................................... 10

5.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 10

5.2.2 Transverse pattern ...................................................................................................................................... 10

Figure 1 — Example of a transverse pattern showing a measurement column .................................. 10

5.2.3 Longitudinal pattern ................................................................................................................................... 10

Figure 2 — Example of a longitudinal pattern showing a measurement column ............................... 11

6 Application of road markings .................................................................................................................. 11

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11

6.2 Periods for application ............................................................................................................................... 12

6.3 Conditions suitable for application ....................................................................................................... 12

6.4 Technical specification for application ................................................................................................ 12

6.5 Sampling and measurements ................................................................................................................... 13

6.5.1 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 13

6.5.2 Measurement of drying time and weather conditions.................................................................... 13

6.5.3 Determination of the useful rate(s) of application and the rate(s) of consumption

during application ........................................................................................................................................ 13

7 Measurements related to performance ............................................................................................... 14

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

7.2 Parameters ..................................................................................................................................................... 14

7.3 Measurement areas ..................................................................................................................................... 14

7.3.1 Roll-over classes ........................................................................................................................................... 14

7.3.2 Position ............................................................................................................................................................ 14

7.4 Direction of measurements ...................................................................................................................... 15

7.5 Number of measurements in the measurement area ..................................................................... 15

7.6 Periodicity of measurements ................................................................................................................... 15

Table 4 — Periodicity of measurements ............................................................................................................ 16

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SIST EN 1824:2020
EN 1824:2020 (E)

8 Individual test report for road marking ............................................................................................... 16

Annex A (normative) Köppen classification..................................................................................................... 17

A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

A.2 Step 1: Determine whether a climate is arid/semiarid (climate B) ........................................... 17

Table A.1 — Rainfall distribution.......................................................................................................................... 17

A.3 Step 2: If not a B Climate, identify the climate as A, C, D or E according to temperature

data .................................................................................................................................................................... 17

A.4 Step 3: After identifying A, Bs, Bw, C, D or E, determine the climate subcategories ............. 18

A.4.1 A climates ........................................................................................................................................................ 18

A.4.2 B climates ........................................................................................................................................................ 18

A.4.3 C or D climates ............................................................................................................................................... 18

A.4.4 E climates ......................................................................................................................................................... 18

A.5 Step 4: For C and D climates, determine a third letter .................................................................... 18

Annex B (normative) Measurement of the distribution of wheel passages and the

percentage of heavy vehicles .................................................................................................................... 19

B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

B.2 Definitions ....................................................................................................................................................... 19

Figure B.1 — Illustration of definitions .............................................................................................................. 20

B.3 Principles ......................................................................................................................................................... 20

B.4 Wheel counting measurement system .................................................................................................. 20

B.5 Determination of the number of wheel passages ............................................................................. 21

B.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 21

B.5.2 Determination of the transversal relative wheel passages distribution for one day .......... 21

B.5.3 Determination of the number of wheel passages during ΔT ......................................................... 21

Figure B.2 — Example of number of wheel passages derived during ΔT for light, heavy and all

vehicles ............................................................................................................................................................. 22

B.5.4 Determination of the percentage of heavy vehicles ......................................................................... 23

B.5.5 Determination of roll over classes ......................................................................................................... 23

Annex C (normative) Determination of the rate of application and the rate of consumption of

materials during application .................................................................................................................... 24

C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 24

C.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 24

C.3 Determination of the rate of consumption during application .................................................... 24

C.4 Determination of the useful rate of application ................................................................................ 25

C.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25

C.4.2 Drop-on/other material ............................................................................................................................. 25

C.4.3 Multiple drop-on and other materials .................................................................................................. 25

C.4.4 Determination of the rate of application of the road marking and its components ............ 25

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SIST EN 1824:2020
EN 1824:2020 (E)

C.5 Expression of results ................................................................................................................................... 26

Annex D (normative) Drying time determination ......................................................................................... 27

Annex E (normative) Meteorological determinations during application ........................................... 28

E.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 28

E.2 Road surface temperature ........................................................................................................................ 28

E.3 Temperature and relative humidity of the air .................................................................................. 28

E.4 Dew point ........................................................................................................................................................ 28

Table E.1 — Determination of the dew point ................................................................................................... 29

E.5 Wind speed ..................................................................................................................................................... 29

Annex F (normative) Removability ..................................................................................................................... 30

F.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 30

F.2 Assessment of removability ..................................................................................................................... 30

Annex G (normative) Determination of cover index .................................................................................... 31

G.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 31

G.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 31

Figure G.1 — Example of a reference grid frame consisting of 12 squares ........................................... 31

G.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 32

G.4 Evaluation ....................................................................................................................................................... 32

Table G.1 — Assessment of rating of grid squares ......................................................................................... 32

Table G.2 — Specimen cover index ...................................................................................................................... 32

Annex H (informative) Model of test report .................................................................................................... 33

Table H.1 — Model of test report .......................................................................................................................... 34

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 35

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SIST EN 1824:2020
EN 1824:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1824:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 226 “Road

equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2021, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by May 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 1824:2011.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,

Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,

Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
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SIST EN 1824:2020
EN 1824:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies the requirements for conducting road trials for road marking intended for use in

both permanent and temporary road marking. Details are given for test sites, for the application of road

marking materials on the test sites, for the parameters to be measured and the frequency of the

measurements and for the presentation of the results in the form of a test report.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 1436, Road marking materials - Road marking performance for road users and test methods

EN 13036-1, Road and airfield surface characteristics - Test methods - Part 1: Measurement of pavement

surface macrotexture depth using a volumetric patch technique
3 Terms and definitions
For the purpose of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
roll-over class

number of wheel passages over a point of a road surface within a specified period of time

3.2
useful rate of application

quantity, expressed in g × m , of base material and/or drop-on and/or other materials which have

adhered to the road surface, when lines are done
3.3
rate of consumption during application

quantity, expressed in g × m , of drop-on or injection materials at the exit of the guns of the application

equipment
3.4
percentage of heavy vehicles

ratio between the number of heavy vehicles and the number of all vehicles circulating on the test site

3.5
road marking assembly

assembly composed of base road marking material together with the precise application instructions and

designs including the identification of the manufacturer, dosages, types and proportions of additional

materials (drop-on or other) needed to build up the applied road marking, every change to which is a new

assembly
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SIST EN 1824:2020
EN 1824:2020 (E)
4 Test sites and conditions
4.1 General

Test sites shall be arranged at suitable locations in accordance with 4.2 to 4.5. The test results may depend

on test field location, climate, road surface and traffic which shall be described according to 4.2 to 4.6.

4.2 Test sites characteristics and location

The test site shall be located in an area which belongs to one of the climatic classes defined in 4.3.

The test site shall consist of a field, where the road markings are to be applied. The roads used for test sites

should be straight and flat and without junctions, substantial obstacles to daylight, sources of frequent dirt

(quarries, field exits, etc.) or tracked vehicles.

NOTE It is useful to have additional areas at the roadsides and/or at both ends in order to allow safe working

conditions and convenient operation of application with road marking equipment.

The percentage of heavy vehicles on the test site shall be 5 % to 25 % of all vehicles.

The location of the test site shall be indicated in the test report.
4.3 Climatic conditions and classes

Climatic classes (see Table 1) are defined according to the Köppen classification and the use of winter

maintenance.
Köppen classification shall be determined according to Annex A.

Winter maintenance is defined by the number of times that snowplough have operated on the test field

during the road trials. Winter maintenance is applicable if this number is equal to or greater than 20 and

shall be considered only for the Köppen zone Cfb.
Table 1 — Test Field climatic classes
Climatic Class Climatic zone according to Köppen
Dfc
C2 Cfb without Winter maintenance
Cfb with Winter maintenance
C3 Dfb
Dsb
Csa
Bsh
Cfa
Csb
4.4 Road surface conditions and classes

Road trials shall be carried out on asphaltic road surfaces of an age of 1 year or more, which are in good

condition and not in need of repair for the duration of the road trials and are not damaged by the presence

of wheel tracks, fissures, cracks or similar.
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SIST EN 1824:2020
EN 1824:2020 (E)

NOTE 1 Road trials on cement concrete surfaces do not give repeatable results because of on-going chemical

reactions.

At the commencement of a road trial, a road surface report of the road trial shall be available. The test

surface report shall include a general description of the road surface and an account of the texture depth

(MTD: mean texture depth), determined in accordance with EN 13036-1.

The MTD shall be measured at several locations on the test field. The number of measurements depends

on the test field length. Measurements shall be carried out, at least, at three transversal locations and

repeated every 30 m on the test field. The transversal measurements locations are in the centre of the

carriageway, near the right and left edge line.

The average mean texture depth is derived from these measurements. The standard deviation shall be

within the limits specified in EN 13036-1.

NOTE 2 The depth of pavement surface macrotexture can be determined by measuring the profile of a surface and

calculating the texture depth from this profile in accordance with EN ISO 13473-1. (MPD: mean profile depth, resp.

ETD: estimated texture depth). Depending to the averaged measured texture depth, the test field roughness is

described in term of roughness class according to Table 2.
Table 2 — Test field roughness classes
Average depth of pavement surface
Roughness class
macrotexture (MTD, ETD)
RG1 ≤ 0,60 mm
RG2 > 0,60 mm and ≤ 0,90 mm
RG3 > 0,90 mm and ≤ 1,20 mm
RG4 > 1,20 mm

NOTE 3 The texture depth has an influence on the result of road trials, at least for materials applied in thin layers.

4.5 Roll-over classes

The volume of traffic shall be such as to ensure that one or more measurement areas with the desired roll-

over class can be selected (see 7.3).

At the termination of a road trial, a traffic report for the duration of the road trial should be made available.

The traffic report shall include the roll-over classes according to Table 3, determined on the measurement

area(s) in accordance with Annex B.
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SIST EN 1824:2020
EN 1824:2020 (E)
Table 3 — Roll-over classes
Roll-over class Number of wheel passages
T0 ≤ 50 000
T1 Between 50 000 and 60 000
T2 100 000 (±20 000)
P0 ≤ 50 000
P1 Between 50 000 and 60 000
P2 100 000 (±20 000)
P3 200 000 (±40 000)
P4 500 000 (±100 000)
P5 1 000 000 (±200 000)
P5.5 1 500 000 (±150 000)
P6 2 000 000 (±200 000)
P7 4 000 000 (±400 000)
NOTE The roll-over classes T0, T1 and T2 are for materials intended for
temporary road markings, while the roll-over classes P0 to P7 are for materials
intended for permanent road markings.

The traffic report should further include the percentage of heavy vehicles together with an indication of

the counting method used.

A vehicle is considered a heavy vehicle if its maximum gross mass is above 7 500 kg.

4.6 Studded tyres

From general experience, the use of studded tyres can be relevant to the erosion of road markings. For

road trial sites where studded tyres are used, this shall be indicated on the test report. When available, the

percentage of vehicles with studded tyres shall be indicated in the report.

A test period during which studded tyres are used shall end with the summer period in order to allow for

the recovery of the road marking performance.
5 Organization of road trials
5.1 Duration

A road trial shall include at least one full climatic cycle of one year for materials intended for permanent

road marking and up to 6 months for materials intended for temporary road marking. In order to be able

to organize road trials on a yearly basis on the same road site, the minimum duration may be reduced to

10 months (provided that the winter period is included in these 10 months). The test reports shall always

precise the duration of the road trials.
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SIST EN 1824:2020
EN 1824:2020 (E)
5.2 Transverse and longitudinal application patterns
5.2.1 General

Road markings shall be applied in patterns of lines either transverse or longitudinal to the road.

When a long (more than 40 cm) measurement area is necessary, the transverse pattern cannot be used.

When both the transverse and longitudinal patterns are used on the same test site, they shall be used on

separate parts of that test site.
5.2.2 Transverse pattern

At least three lines shall be applied for each road marking. The distance between two adjacent lines should

be at least 0,35 m and the width at least 0,15 m as shown in Figure 1. The application can be done across

one or two lanes.
NOTE Lines of the same material need not be adjacent.
Dimensions in metres
Key
1 edge line 5 measurement area
2 Lane 2 6 axis of measurement column
3 Lane 1 7 measurement column
4 road marking in test 8 measurement points for determination of the
number of wheel passages
Figure 1 — Example of a transverse pattern showing a measurement column
5.2.3 Longitudinal pattern

Lines are applied in transverse rows and longitudinal columns. For each of the road marking there shall

be one line in each column containing measurement areas (see 7.3.2.3).

The lines should be at least 0,13 m wide and at least 1 m long as shown in Figure 2. Unmarked space

between the lines is a minimum of 0,5 m in the longitudinal direction.
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SIST EN 1824:2020
EN 1824:2020 (E)
Dimensions in metres
Key
1 6 columns 6 axis of measurement column
2 4 rows 7 Measurement column
3 centre line 8 Measurement areas
4 Lane 1 9 Measurement point for the determination of
the number of wheel passages
5 edge line
Figure 2 — Example of a longitudinal pattern showing a measurement column
...

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