Railway applications - Braking - Passenger coach test procedure

This European Standard specifies test methods and acceptance criteria for a brake system used in passenger coaches and driving trailers for use in general operation.

Bahnanwendungen - Bremsen - Prüfverfahren für Reisezugwagen

Diese Europäische Norm legt Prüfverfahren und Akzeptanzkriterien für ein Bremssystem von Reisezugwagen und Steuerwagen für den freizügigen Fahrbetrieb fest.

Applications ferroviaires - Freinage - Procédure d'essai des voitures voyageurs

La présente norme européenne spécifie les méthodes d'essai et les critères d'acceptation applicables à un système de freinage installé dans les voitures voyageurs et les voitures de réversibilité destinées à une exploitation conventionnelle.

Železniške naprave - Zavore - Postopki preskušanja potniških vagonov

Ta evropski standard določa preskusne metode in merila sprejemljivosti za zavorni sistem potniških vagonov in vlečnih prikolic, ki so namenjeni splošni uporabi.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
15-Feb-2017
Publication Date
03-Sep-2018
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
26-Jul-2018
Due Date
30-Sep-2018
Completion Date
04-Sep-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 17065:2018
01-oktober-2018
Železniške naprave - Zavore - Postopki preskušanja potniških vagonov
Railway applications - Braking - Passenger coach test procedure
Bahnanwendungen - Bremsen - Prüfverfahren für Reisezugwagen
Applications ferroviaires - Freinage - Procédure d'essai des voitures voyageurs
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 17065:2018
ICS:
45.040 Materiali in deli za železniško Materials and components
tehniko for railway engineering
45.060.01 Železniška vozila na splošno Railway rolling stock in
general
SIST EN 17065:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 17065:2018
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SIST EN 17065:2018
EN 17065
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
June 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 45.060.01
English Version
Railway applications - Braking - Passenger coach test
procedure

Applications ferroviaires - Freinage - Procédure d'essai Bahnanwendungen - Bremsen - Prüfverfahren für

des voitures voyageurs Reisezugwagen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 15 February 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 17065:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 17065:2018
EN 17065:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Symbols and abbreviations ......................................................................................................................... 6

5 Requirements on the test execution ........................................................................................................ 7

5.1 Test specification ............................................................................................................................................ 7

5.2 Documentation ................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.3 Test conditions ................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.3.1 Test bench and test equipment .................................................................................................................. 8

5.3.2 Weather conditions ........................................................................................................................................ 8

5.3.3 Energy supply ................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.3.4 Load conditions ................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.4 Test report ......................................................................................................................................................... 9

6 Tests ..................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.1 Check of the brake equipment.................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 Test of tightness of pneumatic system ................................................................................................. 11

6.2.1 Tightness when the brake is isolated ................................................................................................... 11

6.2.2 Tightness when the brake is in service and released ..................................................................... 11

6.2.3 Tightness in emergency braking ............................................................................................................ 11

6.3 Tests of the pneumatic brake .................................................................................................................. 12

6.3.1 Build up and release times and maximum brake cylinder pressures ...................................... 12

6.3.2 Brake cylinder pressure during full service brake application .................................................. 13

6.3.3 Graduable application and release ........................................................................................................ 13

6.3.4 Manual release valve .................................................................................................................................. 13

6.3.5 Test of self-adjusting load-proportional brake system .................................................................. 14

6.4 Test of brake indicators ............................................................................................................................. 14

6.5 Test of EP assist ............................................................................................................................................. 14

6.5.1 Test of the pneumatic part of EP assist ................................................................................................ 14

6.5.2 Test of the electric part of EP assist ....................................................................................................... 15

6.6 Test of passenger alarm system (PAS) ................................................................................................. 15

6.6.1 Test of venting capacity ............................................................................................................................. 15

6.6.2 Test of reactions on PAS signals .............................................................................................................. 15

6.7 Test of the magnetic track brake (MTB) .............................................................................................. 16

6.7.1 Vehicle implementation test .................................................................................................................... 16

6.7.2 Functional test ............................................................................................................................................... 16

6.8 Test of parking brake ................................................................................................................................. 17

6.9 Evaluation of brake performance .......................................................................................................... 17

6.10 Tests of WSP ................................................................................................................................................... 17

6.11 Test of thermal capacity ............................................................................................................................ 18

6.11.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

6.11.2 Stopping braking .......................................................................................................................................... 18

6.11.3 Drag braking .................................................................................................................................................. 18

6.12 Additional tests for driving trailers ....................................................................................................... 19

6.12.1 Tests of brake pipe pressure control system (driver’s brake valve) ........................................ 19

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EN 17065:2018 (E)

6.12.2 Test of sanding device ................................................................................................................................. 22

6.12.3 Test of EP assist control system .............................................................................................................. 22

6.12.4 Test of passenger alarm control system ............................................................................................... 22

6.12.5 Tests of emergency brake devices .......................................................................................................... 23

6.12.6 Check of pressure indicators on driver's desk ................................................................................... 24

6.12.7 Test of direct brake ...................................................................................................................................... 24

6.12.8 Test of co-operation between automatic brake, direct brake and/or other brake

systems ............................................................................................................................................................. 24

Annex A (normative) Overview of the tests ....................................................................................................... 25

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC aimed to be covered ............................................... 27

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 29

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SIST EN 17065:2018
EN 17065:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 17065:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway

applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2018, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2018.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC.

For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 17065:2018
EN 17065:2018 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies test methods and acceptance criteria for a brake system used in passenger

coaches including driving trailers for use in general operation.

This document is applicable to all new passenger coaches including driving trailers, which are designed

for general operation in the European conventional rail system network in accordance with EN 14198.

This document does not cover the homologation tests of any brake component.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 14198, Railway applications — Braking — Requirements for the brake system of trains hauled by

locomotives
EN 14478, Railway applications — Braking — Generic vocabulary

EN 14531-1, Railway applications — Methods for calculation of stopping and slowing distances and

immobilization braking — Part 1: General algorithms utilizing mean value calculation for train sets or

single vehicles

EN 14531-2, Railway applications — Methods for calculation of stopping and slowing distances and

immobilization braking — Part 2: Step by step calculations for train sets or single vehicles

EN 14601, Railway applications — Straight and angled end cocks for brake pipe and main reservoir pipe

EN 15220, Railway applications — Brake indicators
EN 15595, Railway applications — Braking — Wheel slide protection

EN 15877-2:2013, Railway applications — Markings of railway vehicles — Part 2: External markings on

coaches, motive power units, locomotives and on track machines

EN 16207, Railway applications — Braking — Functional and performance criteria of Magnetic Track

Brake systems for use in railway rolling stock
EN 16334, Railway applications — Passenger Alarm System — System requirements
prEN 16834, Railway applications — Braking — Brake performance
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 14478 and EN 14198 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
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SIST EN 17065:2018
EN 17065:2018 (E)
3.1
testing institute
test organization in accordance with EN ISO/IEC 17025
3.2
type test

test of one or more devices, system or complete vehicle demonstrating that the design meets the

required specifications and the relevant standards
3.3
routine test

vehicle test that is performed during or after manufacture to confirm conformity to specified criteria

3.4
minimum load
load condition “design mass in working order” as defined in EN 14198
3.5
normal load
load condition “design mass under normal payload” as defined in EN 14198
3.6
maximum braking load

load condition lower or equal to “design mass under exceptional payload” as defined in EN 14198

4 Symbols and abbreviations

For the purposes of this document, the symbols and abbreviations given in Table 1 apply.

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EN 17065:2018 (E)
Table 1 — Symbols and abbreviations
Symbol Designation Unit
p Pressure in brake pipe bar
p Pressure in brake cylinder bar
p Brake cylinder pilot pressure bar
p Pressure in main reservoir pipe bar
MRP
p Pressure in auxiliary reservoir bar
p Output pressure from load sensor (pneumatic load signal) bar
t Corrected release time s
cd,corr
tcd,meas Measured release time s
U Nominal voltage V
nom
V Given brake cylinder pilot volume l
Additional brake cylinder pilot volume caused by the measurement
V l
P,me
equipment
η Static efficiency of brake rigging in the tests -
stat test
λ Brake weight percentage %
BP brake pipe
ETCS European train control system
EP Electro-pneumatic brake (EP assist)
G Brake mode G or brake position G
+Mg brake position with MTB (P+Mg, R+Mg)
MRP Main reservoir pipe
MTB Magnetic track brake
P Brake mode P or brake position P
PAS Passenger alarm system
Brake position with high brake performance (λ > 125 %); for details
R,
see EN 14198
WSP Wheel slide protection
5 Requirements on the test execution
5.1 Test specification

The tests defined in this document shall be carried out in accordance with Annex A and the results shall

be used to verify whether the brake system of the passenger coach complies with the requirements of

EN 14198 and the other specified requirements.

This document defines the static and dynamic tests during type and routine test phases. The type tests

shall be performed by a testing institute. There are type and routine tests:
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EN 17065:2018 (E)
— with a single vehicle;
— with a train set to check the required functions on the train level.

The tests are described in Clause 6. An overview of all tests and their determination as type test and/or

routine test is given in Table A.1 and Table A.2. This list of tests shall only be considered as a basis for

setting up the dedicated test specification for a given passenger coach.
5.2 Documentation

As a minimum, it shall be possible, whilst using the documentation of both the test and the vehicle, to

determine the relationship with the following when considering any particular measurement or check:

— brake mode and method of control;

— software versions of all brake-relevant components (WSP systems, brake modules, etc.);

— load conditions;

— type and batch numbers of the friction materials (brake blocks, brake pads, etc.) and results of

bench tests in dry and wet conditions unless the friction materials are approved for general

operation;
— brake calculation in accordance with EN 14531-1 or EN 14531-2;
— diameter of wheels.
5.3 Test conditions
5.3.1 Test bench and test equipment

The control of the BP pressure shall be done by a driver’s brake valve or an equivalent device, which

can control the BP pressure as required.
5.3.2 Weather conditions
Regarding the weather conditions, the tests shall be performed:
— in accordance with EN 15595 in case of tests of WSP,
— for all other tests in accordance with prEN 16834.
5.3.3 Energy supply

Each test shall start from the following pressure values (operating pressure for the MRP, normal

working pressure for the BP):
— a pressure in the range of 6 bar ≤ p ≤ 10 bar;
MRP
— p = (5 ± 0,05) bar.

The voltage of the battery for the supply of brake devices and the WSP shall be in the range of

U = U ± 20 % during the tests.
test nom

For WSP tests, the installation of an additional reservoir to feed the auxiliary reservoir is recommended.

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EN 17065:2018 (E)
5.3.4 Load conditions

All static tests shall be performed under minimum load. Additionally, the test specified in 6.3.5 shall be

performed by simulation in different load conditions. Tests of WSP shall be performed in accordance

with EN 15595.
The slip tests shall be performed in accordance with prEN 16834.
5.4 Test report
The test report of type test shall be elaborated by the testing institute.

If routine test is not performed by a testing institute, the report of routine test shall at least include:

— date and location of the test;
— identification and type of the tested vehicle;

— identification of brake equipment (type, part number and serial numbers of relevant components);

— test results and the associated records. Each record shall include:
— date;
— identification and type of the tested vehicle;
— name of the test performed and reference paragraph in the test specification;
— name and scale for all the recorded parameters;
— results;
— identification of the different charts;
— signature of the responsible person;

— table listing all the adjustable parameter settings of the tests (choke diameters, software

configuration, etc.);
— conclusion of the tests.
6 Tests
6.1 Check of the brake equipment

The markings and the brake equipment shall correspond to the passenger coach documentation

(technical description, type drawing, pneumatic scheme, parts list, etc.).
The following external and internal markings shall be checked:
— serial number of the tested vehicle;
— vehicle number (see EN 15877-2:2013, 4.5.2);
— table of weights (see EN 15877-2:2013, 4.5.4.1);
— type of brake (see EN 15877-2:2013, 4.5.9);
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EN 17065:2018 (E)
— calculated brake weights (see EN 15877-2:2013, 4.5.10);
— passenger alarm device (see EN 16334);
— end cocks (see EN 14601).

The following brake equipment, if part of the system, shall be checked for consistence with the vehicle's

documentation regarding type, part number and serial number or batch number where applicable. For

electronic devices that run a software, the software version shall be listed. The information shall be

recorded for:
— distributor valve(s);
— relay valve(s);
— air reservoir(s);
— emergency brake device(s);
— friction material (brake pads and/or brake blocks);
— brake discs;
— WSP system;
— MTB;
— EP assist;
— brake pipe pressure control system.

The conformity of used components with relevant vehicle documentation shall be checked.

Furthermore, the following shall be checked:
— the function of all cut-off, isolating and change-over devices;

— position of end cocks, latching of both open and closed position and movability of the handle;

— installation of brake couplings;

— the integration of mechanical part of brake into the bogie (visual inspection);

— the position of brake pads relative to the brake discs and/or brake blocks to the wheels;

— the continuity of the BP and of the MRP;
— the continuity and couplings of the electrical connections;
— the current wheel diameter(s).

The markings and the brake equipment of the passenger coach are satisfactory when corresponding to

related documentation (type plan, pneumatic and electric schemes, etc.). The installation of the brake

system parts in the vehicle (e.g. installation position, movements and clearances of flexible connections,

etc. and safety features as defined in the installation documentation) shall be verified.

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6.2 Test of tightness of pneumatic system
6.2.1 Tightness when the brake is isolated

The brake is isolated. The auxiliary devices supplied by the MRP shall be connected, but not in

operation during the test sequence. All end cocks are open and blind brake coupling shall be connected

(except the supply side).
The MRP is filled to the operating pressure (see 5.3.3).

When the pressure in the MRP has stabilized, the MRP of the tested coach shall be isolated by closing of

the supply input. Tightness of the MRP shall be checked for 3 min.

Vent the MRP and connect the supply to the BP. Fill the BP to the normal working pressure (see 5.3.3).

When the pressure in the BP has stabilized, the supply of BP shall be isolated by closing the supply

input. Tightness of the BP shall be checked for 3 min.
Pass/fail criteria:
— The pressure drops shall be in the range of:
— Δp ≤ 0,2 bar / 3 min for the MRP;
MRP
— Δp ≤ 0,1 bar / 3 min for the BP.
6.2.2 Tightness when the brake is in service and released

The MRP shall be vented. The brake is in “on” position. All end cocks on the BP are open and blind brake

coupling shall be connected (except the supply side).

Fill the BP to the normal working pressure (see 5.3.3). When the pressure in the BP has stabilized, the

BP is isolated from the supply. Tightness of the BP shall be checked for minimum 3 min.

Pass/fail criteria:
— The pressure drop shall be in the range of Δp ≤ 0,1 bar / 3 min.
6.2.3 Tightness in emergency braking

After an emergency braking, there is not to occur any significant leakage affecting maximum output

pressure p

The MRP shall be vented. The pressure in BP shall be stabilized at normal working pressure (see 5.3.3).

An emergency brake application shall be initiated.

The pressure in the brake cylinders and in the auxiliary reservoir shall be checked for 10 min. The

measurement of time starts when the maximum brake cylinder pressure has stabilized.

Pass/fail criteria:
— The pressure deviations shall be in the range of:
— Δp ≤ 0,2 bar / 10 min for the auxiliary reservoir;
+0,2
— Δp ≤ ( ) bar / 10 min for the brake cylinder.
−0,15
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EN 17065:2018 (E)
6.3 Tests of the pneumatic brake
6.3.1 Build up and release times and maximum brake cylinder pressures
The test shall be performed in each brake position.

The maximum brake cylinder pressure and resulting static brake force (force on brake pads and/or

brake blocks) shall be measured for each brake position as defined in brake calculation. The static brake

force shall be measured at least at one brake unit of each actuator type. Apply three emergency brake

applications and releases before measuring the static brake force.

During measurement of the release time the measuring equipment shall keep the alteration of the given

brake cylinder pilot volume V to a minimum. The additional brake cylinder pilot volume caused by the

measurement equipment V shall not exceed a value of 20 % of the given brake cylinder pilot

P,me

volume V . The measured release time t shall be corrected in accordance with the volume relations

P cd,meas
during measurement as specified in Formula (1):
tt × (1)
cd,corr cd,meas
VV+
P P,me
where
t is the corrected release time;
cd,corr
t is the measured release time;
cd,meas
V is the given brake cylinder pilot volume;

V is the additional brake cylinder pilot volume caused by the measurement equipment.

P,me

Increase the pressure in the BP to normal working pressure (see 5.3.3). Allow time for charging and

stabilization of the pressure in the auxiliary reservoir. The MRP shall be vented.

Activate an emergency brake application. The build-up time is measured from the start of the increase

of the brake cylinder pressure to 95 % of the maximum brake cylinder pressure p . The maximum

Cmax

brake cylinder pressure and resulting static brake force or brake pad force shall be measured after

stabilization.

Increase the pressure in the BP to normal working pressure (see 5.3.3). The release time is measured

from the start of the decrease of the brake cylinder pilot pressure to 0,4 bar.
Pass/fail criteria:
— The build-up times shall be in the range of:

— 3 s to 5 s in brake position P and/or R; when the variable load relay valve is used, the upper

limit is 6 s;
— 18 s to 30 s in brake position G.

— The corrected release time t derived from the release time measured on brake cylinder pilot

cd,corr
volume shall be in the range of:
— 15 s to 20 s in brake position P and/or R;
— 45 s to 60 s in brake position G.
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EN 17065:2018 (E)

The maximum brake cylinder pressures and brake forces (force on brake pads and/or brake blocks) for

each brake position are defined in brake calculation:

— The maximum values of brake cylinder pressures, which are given in the brake calculation for each

+0,2

brake position, shall be achieved with an accuracy of ( ) bar and the maximum value of

−0,15
pressure in brake cylinder pilot volume shall be p = (3,8 ± 0,1) bar.
6.3.2 Brake cylinder pressure during full service brake application
The test shall be performed in each brake position.

When the pressure in BP drops by (1,6 + 0,2) bar at a gradient not slower than 0,6 bar in 6 s and not

faster than 1,8 bar in 6 s, the maximum pressure in the brake cylinder shall be achieved.

Increase the pressure in the BP to normal working pressure (see 5.3.3). The full service braking is

applied and the maximum pressure in the brake cylinder is measured after pressure stabilization.

Pass/fail criteria:

— The brake cylinder pressure shall achieve the value according to brake calculation with an accuracy

+0,2
of ( ) bar.
−0,15
6.3.3 Graduable application and release
The test shall be performed in each brake position.
Increase the pressure in the BP to normal working pressure (see 5.3.3). Apply t
...

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