Industrial communication networks - Wireless communication network and communication profiles - WIA-PA (IEC 62601:2015)

This International Standard specifies the system architecture and the communication protocol
of Wireless networks for Industrial Automation – Process Automation (WIA-PA) that is built on
IEEE STD 802.15.4-2011.

Industrielle Kommunikationsnetze - Kommunikationsnetze und Kommunikationsprofile - WIA-PA (IEC 62601:2015)

Réseaux industriels de communication - Réseau de communications sans fil et profils de communication - WIA-PA (IEC 62601:2015)

L'IEC 62061:2015 spécifie l'architecture système et le protocole de communication de réseaux sans fil pour automation industrielle - automation dans les processus (WIA-PA, Wireless network for Industrial Automation - Process Automation) exploitant la norme IEEE STD 802.15.4-2011. Cette deuxième édition annule et remplace la première édition parue en 2011. Cette édition constitue une révision technique. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente:
- remplacement de l'IEEE 802.15.4-2006 par l'IEEE 802.15.4-2011 et ajout de modification commune pour les profils MAC et PHY de l'IEEE 802.15.4-2011 et les références relatives à l'IEEE 802.15.4-2011;
- ajout de modifications communes pour l'adoption régionale et ajout de l'Annexe D et de l'Annexe E;
- suppression des services de gestion MAC étendus et ajout de deux services de gestion DLSL;
- ajout de diagramme d'états spécifiques aux couches DLSL et NL;
- unification de la représentation du format de trame et du format de paquet;
- modification du format de définition des types de données;
- ajout d'une description détaillée des technologies pour une meilleure compréhension;
- fourniture d'un support pour les modes CCA 1, 2 et 3. L'Annexe E énumère tous les articles traitant des différences à caractère moins permanent inhérentes à certains pays, concernant le sujet de la présente norme.

Industrijska komunikacijska omrežja - Brezžično komunikacijsko omrežje in komunikacijski profili - WIA-PA (IEC 62601:2015)

Ta mednarodni standard določa arhitekturo sistema in komunikacijski protokol brezžičnih omrežij za industrijsko avtomatizacijo – avtomatizacija procesov (WIA-PA), izdelana na podlagi standarda IEEE STD 802.15.4-2011.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
04-Jul-2016
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
14-Apr-2016
Due Date
19-Jun-2016
Completion Date
05-Jul-2016

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 62601:2016
01-september-2016
,QGXVWULMVNDNRPXQLNDFLMVNDRPUHåMD%UH]åLþQRNRPXQLNDFLMVNRRPUHåMHLQ
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Industrial communication networks - Wireless communication network and
communication profiles - WIA-PA (IEC 62601:2015)

Industrielle Kommunikationsnetze - Kommunikationsnetze und Kommunikationsprofile -

WIA-PA (IEC 62601:2015)

Réseaux industriels de communication - Réseau de communications sans fil et profils de

communication - WIA-PA (IEC 62601:2015)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 62601:2016
ICS:
25.040.40 Merjenje in krmiljenje Industrial process
industrijskih postopkov measurement and control
35.100.05 9HþVORMQHXSRUDEQLãNH Multilayer applications
UHãLWYH
35.240.50 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in industry
industriji
SIST EN 62601:2016 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 62601:2016
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SIST EN 62601:2016
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 62601
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2016
ICS 25.040.40; 35.100.05
English Version
Industrial networks - Wireless communication network and
communication profiles - WIA-PA
(IEC 62601:2015)

Réseaux industriels - Réseau de communications sans fil et Industrielle Kommunikationsnetze - Kommunikationsnetze

profils de communication - WIA-PA und Kommunikationsprofile - WIA-PA
(IEC 62601:2015) (IEC 62601:2015)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2016-01-13. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 62601:2016 E
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SIST EN 62601:2016
EN 62601:2016
European foreword

The text of document 65C/821/FDIS, future edition 2 of IEC 62601, prepared by SC 65C “Industrial

networks” of IEC/TC 65 “Industrial process measurement, control and automation" was submitted to

the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN 62601:2016.
The following dates are fixed:
• latest date by which the document has to be (dop) 2016-10-13
implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
(dow) 2019-01-13
• latest date by which the national
standards conflicting with the
document have to be withdrawn

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such

patent rights.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62601:2015 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 61804-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61804-2.
IEC 61499-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61499-1.
IEC 61499-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61499-2.
ISO 3166-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 3166-1.
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SIST EN 62601:2016
EN 62601:2016
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant

EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
ISO/IEC 9899 - Information technology - Programming - -
languages - C
ISO 3166-1 - Codes for the representation of names EN ISO 3166-1 -
of countries and their subdivisions -
Part 1: Country codes
IEEE 802.15.4 2011 IEEE Standard for Local and metropolitan - -
area networks -
Part 15.4: Low-Rate Wireless Personal
Area Networks (LR-WPANs)
Superseded by IEEE 802.15.4-2015.
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SIST EN 62601:2016
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SIST EN 62601:2016
IEC 62601
Edition 2.0 2015-12
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Industrial networks – Wireless communication network and communication
profiles – WIA-PA
Réseaux industriels – Réseau de communications sans fil et profils de
communication – WIA-PA
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 25.040.40 ; 35.100.05 ISBN 978-2-8322-3040-4

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
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SIST EN 62601:2016
– 2 – IEC 62601:2015 © IEC 2015
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ......................................................................................................................... 13

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 15

2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 15

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ............................................................................. 15

3.1 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................ 15

3.2 Abbreviations ........................................................................................................ 19

4 Definition of data types .................................................................................................. 21

5 WIA-PA overview ........................................................................................................... 22

5.1 Device types ......................................................................................................... 22

5.2 Network topology .................................................................................................. 22

5.3 Protocol architecture ............................................................................................. 24

5.4 Interconnection ..................................................................................................... 25

6 System management ..................................................................................................... 26

6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 26

6.2 Framework of system management ....................................................................... 27

6.3 Joining process ..................................................................................................... 28

6.3.1 Provisioning process ..................................................................................... 28

6.3.2 Joining process of routing device ................................................................... 29

6.3.3 Joining process of field device ....................................................................... 30

6.3.4 Addressing and address assignment.............................................................. 31

6.4 Virtual Communication Relationship (VCR) ........................................................... 32

6.4.1 Definition ....................................................................................................... 32

6.4.2 Protocol support for VCR ............................................................................... 33

6.4.3 VCR establishment ........................................................................................ 33

6.4.4 VCR release .................................................................................................. 34

6.5 Routing configuration and communication resource allocation ............................... 34

6.5.1 Routing configuration ..................................................................................... 34

6.5.2 Framework of communication resource allocation .......................................... 34

6.5.3 DLPDU priority and scheduling rules ............................................................. 35

6.5.4 Communication resource allocation to routing device ..................................... 35

6.5.5 Communication resource allocation to field device ......................................... 37

6.6 Aggregation and disaggregation ............................................................................ 39

6.6.1 Aggregation ................................................................................................... 39

6.6.2 Disaggregation .............................................................................................. 41

6.6.3 An example of the two level aggregation process .......................................... 41

6.6.4 Management of aggregation and disaggregation objects ................................ 43

6.7 Performance monitoring ........................................................................................ 45

6.7.1 Path failure report .......................................................................................... 45

6.7.2 Device status report ....................................................................................... 45

6.7.3 Channel condition report ................................................................................ 46

6.8 Leaving process .................................................................................................... 46

6.8.1 General ......................................................................................................... 46

6.8.2 Leaving process of routing device .................................................................. 46

6.8.3 Leaving process of field device ...................................................................... 48

6.9 Management information base and services .......................................................... 49

6.9.1 Management information base ....................................................................... 49

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6.9.2 MIB services .................................................................................................. 63

7 Physical layer ................................................................................................................ 65

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 65

7.2 General requirements based on IEEE STD 802.15.4-2011 .................................... 66

7.3 Additional requirements ........................................................................................ 67

7.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 67

7.3.2 Frequency allocations .................................................................................... 67

7.3.3 Channel numbers and frequency assignments ............................................... 67

7.3.4 Radio transceivers ......................................................................................... 67

7.3.5 Unspecified or improved required radio performance ..................................... 67

7.3.6 Transmit power .............................................................................................. 68

7.3.7 Output power control ..................................................................................... 68

7.3.8 Receiver sensitivity ........................................................................................ 68

7.3.9 PHY PIB attributes ......................................................................................... 68

8 Data link layer ............................................................................................................... 69

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 69

8.2 Protocol stack ....................................................................................................... 69

8.3 MAC overview and function extension ................................................................... 70

8.3.1 MAC overview ............................................................................................... 70

8.3.2 General requirements based on IEEE STD 802.15.4-2011 ............................. 70

8.3.3 MAC function extension ................................................................................. 73

8.4 DLSL function description ..................................................................................... 74

8.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 74

8.4.2 Coexistence ................................................................................................... 75

8.4.3 Timeslot communication ................................................................................ 75

8.4.4 WIA-PA superframe ....................................................................................... 76

8.4.5 Frequency hopping ........................................................................................ 76

8.4.6 Transmission of long cycle data ..................................................................... 78

8.4.7 Retry strategy ................................................................................................ 79

8.4.8 Management service ...................................................................................... 79

8.4.9 Radio link quality and channel condition measurement .................................. 79

8.4.10 Security ......................................................................................................... 80

8.4.11 Country code ................................................................................................. 80

8.4.12 DLSL state machine ...................................................................................... 80

8.5 Data link sub-layer data services .......................................................................... 86

8.5.1 General ......................................................................................................... 86

8.5.2 DLDE-DATA.request ...................................................................................... 86

8.5.3 DLDE-DATA.confirm ...................................................................................... 87

8.5.4 DLDE-DATA.indication .................................................................................. 88

8.5.5 Time sequence of DLSL data service ............................................................. 89

8.6 Data link sub-layer management services ............................................................. 90

8.6.1 General ......................................................................................................... 90

8.6.2 Network discovery services ........................................................................... 90

8.6.3 Device joining services .................................................................................. 92

8.6.4 Device leaving services ................................................................................. 94

8.6.5 DLME-CHANNEL-CONDITION.indication ....................................................... 96

8.6.6 DLME-NEIGHBOUR-INFO.indication ............................................................. 96

8.6.7 DLME-COMM-STATUS.indication .................................................................. 97

8.6.8 Keep-alive services ....................................................................................... 97

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8.6.9 Time synchronization services ....................................................................... 98

8.7 DLSL frame formats .............................................................................................. 99

8.7.1 General frame format ..................................................................................... 99

8.7.2 Date frame format ........................................................................................ 100

8.7.3 Command frame format ............................................................................... 100

9 Network layer .............................................................................................................. 102

9.1 General ............................................................................................................... 102

9.2 Protocol stack ..................................................................................................... 102

9.3 Function description ............................................................................................ 103

9.3.1 General ....................................................................................................... 103

9.3.2 Addressing .................................................................................................. 103

9.3.3 Routing ........................................................................................................ 104

9.3.4 Packet lifecycle management ...................................................................... 104

9.3.5 Joining and leaving network of device .......................................................... 104

9.3.6 End-to-end network performance monitoring ................................................ 105

9.3.7 Fragmentation and reassembly .................................................................... 105

9.3.8 Network layer state machine ........................................................................ 105

9.4 Network layer data services ................................................................................ 110

9.4.1 General ....................................................................................................... 110

9.4.2 NLDE-DATA.request .................................................................................... 110

9.4.3 NLDE-DATA.confirm .................................................................................... 111

9.4.4 NLDE-DATA.indication ................................................................................ 111

9.4.5 Time sequence of NL data services ............................................................. 112

9.5 Network layer management services ................................................................... 112

9.5.1 General ....................................................................................................... 112

9.5.2 Network communication status report services ............................................ 112

9.5.3 Network joining services .............................................................................. 115

9.5.4 Networkleaving services .............................................................................. 120

9.5.5 Cluster member report services ................................................................... 124

9.5.6 Neighbour information report services ......................................................... 126

9.5.7 Route allocation services ............................................................................. 128

9.5.8 Communication resource allocation services................................................ 134

9.5.9 Aggregation and disaggregation services..................................................... 150

9.5.10 Device status report services ....................................................................... 151

9.5.11 Channel condition report services ................................................................ 153

9.5.12 Failure path report services ......................................................................... 155

9.5.13 Network attribute getting services ................................................................ 156

9.5.14 Network attribute setting services ................................................................ 160

9.6 Network layer packet formats .............................................................................. 163

9.6.1 Common packet format ................................................................................ 163

9.6.2 Data packet format ...................................................................................... 164

9.6.3 Aggregated packet format ............................................................................ 165

9.6.4 Command packet format .............................................................................. 165

10 Application layer .......................................................................................................... 182

10.1 Overview............................................................................................................. 182

10.1.1 General ....................................................................................................... 182

10.1.2 AL structure ................................................................................................. 182

10.1.3 Functions of UAP ......................................................................................... 182

10.1.4 Functions of ASL ......................................................................................... 183

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10.2 UAP .................................................................................................................... 183

10.2.1 General ....................................................................................................... 183

10.2.2 UAO ............................................................................................................ 183

10.2.3 Method definition ......................................................................................... 184

10.3 Application sub-layer .......................................................................................... 188

10.3.1 General ....................................................................................................... 188

10.3.2 Application sub-layer data entity .................................................................. 188

10.4 Application sub-layer packet formats ................................................................... 193

10.4.1 General ....................................................................................................... 193

10.4.2 ASL general packet format .......................................................................... 193

10.4.3 Packet formats ............................................................................................ 195

11 Security ....................................................................................................................... 196

11.1 General ............................................................................................................... 196

11.2 Security management framework ........................................................................ 197

11.3 Secure communication protocol stack ................................................................. 198

11.3.1 General ....................................................................................................... 198

11.3.2 Data link sub-layer security .......................................................................... 199

11.3.3 Application sub-layer security ...................................................................... 200

11.4 Key management ................................................................................................ 201

11.4.1 Key type ...................................................................................................... 201

11.4.2 Key distribution ............................................................................................ 202

11.4.3 Key update .................................................................................................. 202

11.4.4 Key status ................................................................................................... 202

11.5 Secure joining process ........................................................................................ 203

11.5.1 Secure joining process of a new WIA-PA device .......................................... 203

11.5.2 Device security material getting services ..................................................... 204

11.6 Secure transportation .......................................................................................... 211

11.6.1 Process of secure transportation from field device to host configuration

computer ..................................................................................................... 211

11.6.2 Process of secure transportation from host configuration computer to

field device .................................................................................................. 212

Annex A (informative) Security strategy for WIA-PA network .............................................. 213

A.1 Risk analysis for WIA-PA network ....................................................................... 213

A.2 Security principles for WIA-PA network ............................................................... 213

A.3 Security objectives for WIA-PA network .............................................................. 213

A.4 Graded and layered security system ................................................................... 213

Annex B (informative) Format description .......................................................................... 215

B.1 Time sequence diagram ...................................................................................... 215

B.2 Packet or frame format ....................................................................................... 215

Annex C (informative) Example of UAO ............................................................................. 217

C.1 General ............................................................................................................... 217

C.2 Analog input object ............................................................................................. 217

C.2.1 Overview ..................................................................................................... 217

C.2.2 Class attribute of AIO .................................................................................. 217

C.2.3 Instance attribute of AIO .............................................................................. 217

Annex D (informative) Country-specific and region-specific provisions ............................... 219

Annex E (informative) Regional modification for compliance with ETSI standards .............. 220

E.1 General ............................................................................................................... 220

E.2 Compliance with EN 300 440-2 V1.4.1 ................................................................ 220

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E.3 Compliance with EN 300 328 V1.8.1 .....................................................

...

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