Primary batteries - Part 6: Guidance on environmental aspects (IEC 60086-6:2020)

EN-IEC 60086-6 applies to all chemistries of portable primary cells and batteriesstandardized in the 60086 series.The purpose of this document is to provide guidance on the proper scientific protocols fortesting the environmental performance of batteries; the symbols used to convey messages forcollection, recycling, or other ideas; and the aspects and functional unit(s) to be included inassessing the environmental impact of batteries with modern life-cycle analysis techniques.

Primärbatterien - Teil 6: Leitfaden zu Umweltaspekten (IEC 60086-6:2020)

Piles électriques - Partie 6: Recommandation sur les aspects liés à l'environnement (IEC 60086-6:2020)

IEC 60086-6:2020 s'applique à toutes les compositions chimiques présentes dans les piles électriques et éléments portables normalisés dans la série IEC 60086. Le présent document a pour but de fournir des recommandations sur les protocoles scientifiques corrects pour les essais sur les performances environnementales des piles, sur les symboles des messages relatifs à la collecte, au recyclage et autres opérations, et sur les aspects et les unités fonctionnelles à prendre en compte lors de l'évaluation de l'impact sur l'environnement des piles par des techniques modernes d'analyse du cycle de vie.

Primarne baterije - 6. del: Navodilo glede okoljskih vidikov (IEC 60086-6:2020)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
29-Apr-2020
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
22-Apr-2020
Due Date
27-Jun-2020
Completion Date
30-Apr-2020

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020 - BARVE na PDF-str 20,29
English language
36 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
01-junij-2020
Primarne baterije - 6. del: Navodilo glede okoljskih vidikov (IEC 60086-6:2020)

Primary batteries - Part 6: Guidance on environmental aspects (IEC 60086-6:2020)

Primärbatterien - Teil 6: Leitfaden zu Umweltaspekten (IEC 60086-6:2020)

Piles électriques - Partie 6: Recommandation sur les aspects liés à l'environnement (IEC

60086-6:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 60086-6:2020
ICS:
29.220.10 Primarni členi in baterije Primary cells and batteries
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 60086-6
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2020
ICS 29.220.10
English Version
Primary batteries - Part 6: Guidance on environmental aspects
(IEC 60086-6:2020)

Piles électriques - Partie 6: Recommandation sur les Primärbatterien - Teil 6: Leitfaden zu Umweltaspekten

aspects liés à l'environnement (IEC 60086-6:2020)
(IEC 60086-6:2020)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2020-03-13. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 60086-6:2020 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
EN IEC 60086-6:2020 (E)
European foreword

The text of document 35/1436/FDIS, future edition 1 of IEC 60086-6, prepared by IEC/TC 35 "Primary

cells and batteries" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as

EN IEC 60086-6:2020.
The following dates are fixed:

• latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national (dop) 2020-12-13

level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement

• latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the (dow) 2023-03-13

document have to be withdrawn

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 60086-6:2020 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards

indicated:
ISO 14040:2006 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 14040:2006 (not modified)
IEC 62321 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN 62321 (series)
IEC 62321-4:2013 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62321-4:2014 (not modified)
IEC 62321-5:2013 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62321-5:2014 (not modified)
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
EN IEC 60086-6:2020 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant

EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60086-1 2015 Primary batteries - Part 1: General EN 60086-1 2015
ASTM D 93-79 - Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by - -
or D 93-80 Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
ASTM D 3278-78 - Standard Test Methods for Flash Point of - -
Liquids by Small Scale Closed-Cup
Apparatus
EPA Publication - Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, - -
SW-846, Method Physical/Chemical Methods
1110A
EPA Publication - Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, - -
SW-846, Method Physical/Chemical Methods
1311
EPA Publication - Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, - -
SW-846, Method Physical/Chemical Methods
9040C
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
IEC 60086-6
Edition 1.0 2020-02
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Primary batteries –
Part 6: Guidance on environmental aspects
Piles electriques –
Partie 6: Recommandation sur les aspects liés à l'environnement
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 29.220.10 ISBN 978-2-8322-7810-9

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
– 2 – IEC 60086-6:2020 © IEC 2020
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 8

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 8

4 General considerations .................................................................................................. 10

4.1 Overview .............................................................................................................. 10

4.2 General ................................................................................................................. 10

4.3 Intent of this document ......................................................................................... 10

4.4 Battery selection ................................................................................................... 10

4.5 Collection rate ...................................................................................................... 11

5 Requirements and recommendations for the environment .............................................. 11

5.1 Overview .............................................................................................................. 11

5.2 General ................................................................................................................. 11

5.3 Requirements and recommendations in regards to heavy metals .......................... 11

5.4 Disassembly method ............................................................................................. 12

5.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 12

5.4.2 Sorting components ....................................................................................... 12

5.4.3 Outline of disassembly procedure .................................................................. 13

5.4.4 Qualifications for disassembly ....................................................................... 13

5.5 Sample preparation and analysis method .............................................................. 13

5.6 Marking ................................................................................................................. 13

6 Disposal of battery......................................................................................................... 14

6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 14

6.2 Confirmation of characteristics of hazardous waste ............................................... 14

6.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 14

6.2.2 Toxicity .......................................................................................................... 14

6.2.3 Ignitability ...................................................................................................... 14

6.2.4 Reactivity ...................................................................................................... 15

6.2.5 Corrosivity ..................................................................................................... 15

6.3 Control of hazardous waste................................................................................... 15

7 Environmental considerations ........................................................................................ 16

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 16

7.2 Environmental assessment ................................................................................... 16

7.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 16

7.2.2 Reduction ...................................................................................................... 16

7.2.3 Reuse ............................................................................................................ 16

7.2.4 Recycling ....................................................................................................... 16

7.2.5 Raw material usage ....................................................................................... 17

7.2.6 Manufacturing ................................................................................................ 17

7.3 Packaging considerations ..................................................................................... 18

7.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 18

7.3.2 Maintain safety and quality ............................................................................ 18

7.3.3 Convey required information that is both regulated and voluntary .................. 18

8 Identifying product environmental aspects using a systematic approach ........................ 18

9 Life cycle assessment ................................................................................................... 18

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
IEC 60086-6:2020 © IEC 2020 – 3 –

Annex A (informative) Battery specific laws and regulations ................................................. 19

A.1 General ................................................................................................................. 19

A.2 Minamata Convention on Mercury ......................................................................... 19

A.3 Africa – Tunisia ..................................................................................................... 19

A.4 Asia ...................................................................................................................... 20

A.4.1 China ............................................................................................................. 20

A.4.2 Chinese Taiwan (Province of China) .............................................................. 21

A.4.3 Japan ............................................................................................................ 21

A.4.4 Korea, Republic of ......................................................................................... 22

A.5 Europe .................................................................................................................. 23

A.5.1 EU ................................................................................................................. 23

A.5.2 Norway .......................................................................................................... 23

A.5.3 Switzerland .................................................................................................... 24

A.6 Latin America ........................................................................................................ 24

A.6.1 Argentina ....................................................................................................... 24

A.6.2 Brazil ............................................................................................................. 24

A.6.3 Colombia ....................................................................................................... 25

A.6.4 Costa Rica ..................................................................................................... 25

A.7 North America ....................................................................................................... 26

A.7.1 Canada .......................................................................................................... 26

A.7.2 United States of America ............................................................................... 26

Annex B (informative) Global regulations not applicable to batteries .................................... 28

B.1 General ................................................................................................................. 28

B.2 WEEE Directive 2012/19/EU ................................................................................. 28

B.3 EuP Directive 2005/32/EC..................................................................................... 28

B.4 ErP 2009/125/EC .................................................................................................. 28

B.5 PVC and Halogens per IEC 61249-2-21 ................................................................ 29

B.6 Directive 2005/84/EC Phthalate Directive .............................................................. 29

B.7 ELV Directive 2012/19/EU..................................................................................... 29

Annex C (informative) Compliance Checklist ........................................................................ 30

C.1 General ................................................................................................................. 30

Annex D (informative) Basel Convention .............................................................................. 31

D.1 General ................................................................................................................. 31

D.2 Classification of hazardous wastes ....................................................................... 31

D.3 Hazardousness of primary batteries ...................................................................... 31

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 33

Figure 1 – Crossed-out wheeled bin ...................................................................................... 14

Figure A.1 – Chinese Taiwan (Province of China) collection symbol...................................... 21

Figure A.2 – The symbol of KC mark ..................................................................................... 22

Figure A.3 – Crossed-out wheeled bin .................................................................................. 23

Figure A.4 – The symbols for collection of batteries .............................................................. 25

Figure A.5 – The symbols for collection and recycling of batteries ........................................ 25

Table 1 – Actual condition of hazardous substances in batteries ........................................... 12

Table A.1 – Products subject to Article 4, paragraph 1 .......................................................... 19

Table A.2 – GB 24428-2009 .................................................................................................. 20

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
– 4 – IEC 60086-6:2020 © IEC 2020

Table A.3 – GB 24427-2009 .................................................................................................. 21

Table A.4 – Target and restriction (Chinese Taiwan Province of China) ................................ 21

Table A.5 – Target and restriction of Mercury (Japan) ........................................................... 22

Table C.1 – Compliance Checklist ........................................................................................ 30

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
IEC 60086-6:2020 © IEC 2020 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
PRIMARY BATTERIES –
Part 6: Guidance on environmental aspects
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 60086-6 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 35:

Primary cells and batteries.
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
35/1436/FDIS 35/1440/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in

the report on voting indicated in the above table.

This document has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all parts in the IEC 60086 series, published under the general title Primary batteries,

can be found on the IEC website.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
– 6 – IEC 60086-6:2020 © IEC 2020

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct

understanding of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a

colour printer.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
IEC 60086-6:2020 © IEC 2020 – 7 –
INTRODUCTION

Every product has some effect on the environment during its manufacture, distribution, use,

and disposal. These effects can range from slight to significant; they can be short-term or

long-term; and they can occur at the global, regional, or local level. Provisions in battery

standards can significantly influence the extent of these environmental effects.

Environmental stewardship in the battery industry embraces a multiplicity of activities, from

design, manufacturing, transportation, storage, and recycling, to disposal of the batteries.

There are often questions on the applicability of regulations to batteries. This document

provides guidance on regulations applicable and not applicable to batteries, as well as

procedures for measuring environmental characteristics.
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
– 8 – IEC 60086-6:2020 © IEC 2020
PRIMARY BATTERIES –
Part 6: Guidance on environmental aspects
1 Scope

This part of IEC 60086 applies to all chemistries of portable primary cells and batteries

standardized in the 60086 series.

The purpose of this document is to provide guidance on the proper scientific protocols for

testing the environmental performance of batteries; the symbols used to convey messages for

collection, recycling, or other ideas; and the aspects and functional unit(s) to be included in

assessing the environmental impact of batteries with modern life-cycle analysis techniques.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their

content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition

cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including

any amendments) applies.
IEC 60086-1:2015, Primary batteries-Part 1: General

ASTM Standard D 93-79 or D 93-80, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens

Closed Cup Tester

ASTM Standard D 3278-78, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by Small Scale

Closed-Cup Apparatus

United States EPA Publication SW–846, Method 1110A ‘‘Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste,

Physical/Chemical Methods”

United States EPA Publication SW–846, Method 1311 “Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste,

Physical/Chemical Methods”

United States EPA Publication SW–846, Method 9040C ‘‘Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste,

Physical/Chemical Methods’’
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
cadmium free

battery that contains less than 20 parts per million cadmium per the weight of the entire

battery
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
IEC 60086-6:2020 © IEC 2020 – 9 –
3.2
environmental impact assessment (EIA)

process to determine the magnitude and significance of environmental impacts within the

confines of the goals, scope, and objective defined in the life cycle assessment
3.3
end of life (EOL)
state of a product when it is finally removed from use
3.4
input fraction
mass of collected waste batteries entering the recycling process
3.5
life cycle

consecutive and interlinked stages, and all directly associated significant inputs and outputs,

of a system from the extraction or exploitation of natural resources to the final disposal of all

materials as irretrievable wastes or dissipated energy
3.6
mercury free

battery that contains less than 5 parts per million mercury per the weight of the entire battery

3.7
"natural" environment

(hereafter referred to as environment) attributes that affect quality of life, such as water, air,

and soil quality; conservation of energy and materials; and avoidance of wastes
3.8
output fraction

mass of materials produced from the input fraction as a result of the recycling process,

without undergoing further treatment, that have ceased to be waste or that will be used for

their original purpose or for other purposes, but excluding energy recovery
3.9
preparation for recycling

treatment of waste batteries prior to any recycling process, which includes but is not limited to

storage, handling, dismantling of battery packs, or separation of fractions that are not part of

the battery itself
3.10
recycling

reprocessing in a production process of waste materials for their original purpose or other

purposes, but excluding energy recovery
3.11
recyclability

property of a substance or a material and parts made thereof that makes it possible to be

recycled
3.12
recycling efficiency

ratio obtained by dividing the mass of output fractions accounting for recycling by the mass of

the waste batteries input fraction expressed as a percentage, to the highest degree that is

technically feasible while avoiding excessive costs
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60086-6:2020
– 10 – IEC 60086-6:2020 © IEC 2020
3.13
toxicity
degree to which a particular substance is harmful to health
4 General considerations
4.1 Overview

This document takes into account environmental aspects and considerations as follows.

4.2 General

Attempts to address a given environmental effect might have consequences at any or all of

the stages of a battery's life cycle. Nevertheless, a battery's environmental effects should be

considered when standards are developed. Provisions in standards should reflect generally

accepted environmental improvement strategies, including pollution prevention and resource

conservation.
4.3 Intent of this document

Requirements should reflect generally accepted environmental regulations or national laws

and should not reflect environmental improvement strategies of specific countries or regions.

A review of environmental aspects in battery standards should be considered when innovative

technology provides environmental benefits.

Provisions in standards that are too prescriptive might stifle innovation and environmental

improvements. Consideration about such negative effect is necessary for amendment of

standard.
4.4 Battery selection

Whether or not the selection of the electrochemical system is considered to be on

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.