Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and interactive services -- Part 1: System performance of forward paths (IEC 60728-1:2014)

Standard is applicable to any cable network (including individual receiving systems) having in the forward path a coaxial cable output and primarily intended for television and sound signals operating between about 30 MHz and 3 000 MHz. This part of IEC 60728 specifies the basic methods of measurement of the operational characteristics of cable network having coaxial cable outputs in order to assess the performance of these systems and their performance limits.

Kabelnetze für Fernsehsignale, Tonsignale und interaktive Dienste - Teil 1: Systemanforderungen in Vorwärtsrichtung (IEC 60728-1:2014)

Réseaux de distribution par câbles pour signaux de télévision, signaux de radiodiffusion sonore et services interactifs - Partie 1: Caractéristiques des systèmes de voie directe (CEI 60728-1:2014)

No scope available

Kabelska omrežja za televizijske in zvokovne signale ter interaktivne storitve - 1. del: Lastnosti sistema za naprejšnje poti (IEC 60728-1:2014)

Standard se uporablja za katero koli kabelsko omrežje (vključno s posamičnimi sistemi za sprejem), ki ima v naprejšnji poti koaksialni kabelski izhod ter je namenjeno za televizijske in zvokovne signale s frekvenco med približno 30 MHz in 3000 MHz. Ta del standarda IEC 60728 določa osnovne metode merjenja obratovalnih značilnosti kabelskega omrežja s koaksialnimi kabelskimi izhodi, da bi se ocenile lastnosti teh sistemov ter omejitve njihovega delovanja.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
12-Oct-2014
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
05-Sep-2014
Due Date
10-Nov-2014
Completion Date
13-Oct-2014

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 60728-1:2014
01-december-2014
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 60728-1:2008
SIST EN 60728-1-2:2009

Kabelska omrežja za televizijske in zvokovne signale ter interaktivne storitve - 1.

del: Lastnosti sistema za naprejšnje poti (IEC 60728-1:2014)

Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and interactive services -- Part 1:

System performance of forward paths (IEC 60728-1:2014)
Kabelnetze für Fernsehsignale, Tonsignale und interaktive Dienste - Teil 1:
Systemanforderungen in Vorwärtsrichtung (IEC 60728-1:2014)

Réseaux de distribution par câbles pour signaux de télévision, signaux de radiodiffusion

sonore et services interactifs - Partie 1: Caractéristiques des systèmes de voie directe

(CEI 60728-1:2014)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 60728-1:2014
ICS:
33.060.40 Kabelski razdelilni sistemi Cabled distribution systems
SIST EN 60728-1:2014 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 60728-1:2014
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 60728-1:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 60728-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
August 2014
ICS 33.060.40 Supersedes EN 60728-1:2008
English Version
Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and
interactive services - Part 1: System performance of forward
paths
(IEC 60728-1:2014)

Réseaux de distribution par câbles pour signaux de Kabelnetze für Fernsehsignale, Tonsignale und interaktive

télévision, signaux de radiodiffusion sonore et services Dienste - Teil 1: Systemanforderungen in Vorwärtsrichtung

interactifs - Partie 1: Caractéristiques des systèmes de voie (IEC 60728-1:2014)
directe
(CEI 60728-1:2014)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2014-06-27. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2014 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 60728-1:2014 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 60728-1:2014
EN 60728-1:2014 - 2 -
Foreword

The text of document 100/2269/FDIS, future edition 5 of IEC 60728-1, prepared by Technical Area 5

“Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and interactive services” of IEC/TC 100 “Audio,

video and multimedia systems and equipment" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and

approved by CENELEC as EN 60728-1:2014.
The following dates are fixed:
• latest date by which the document has to be (dop) 2015-03-27
implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
(dow) 2017-06-27
• latest date by which the national
standards conflicting with the
document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 60728-1:2008.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such

patent rights.

For this European Standard the informative Annex K of IEC 60728-1:2014 shall be disregarded and

has been replaced by the informative Annex ZB “A-deviations”.
Annexes ZA and ZB have been added by CENELEC.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 60728-1:2014 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 60728 Series NOTE Harmonized as EN 60728 Series (not modified).
IEC 61169-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61169-2 (not modified).
IEC 61169-24 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61169-24 (not modified).
CISPR 16-1 Series NOTE Harmonized as EN 55016-1 Series (not modified).
ISO/IEC 13818 Series NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO/IEC 13818 Series (not modified).
ISO/IEC 13818-3 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO/IEC 13818-3 (not modified).
Withdrawn.
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SIST EN 60728-1:2014
- 3 - EN 60728-1:2014
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant

EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
Characteristics of DAB receivers EN 50248 2001
IEC 60050-705 - International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - -
(IEV) -
Chapter 705: Radio wave propagation
IEC 60050-712 1992 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - -
(IEV) -
Chapter 712: Antennas
IEC 60050-725 - International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - -
(IEV) -
Chapter 725: Space radiocommunications
IEC 60728-1-1 - Cable networks for television signals EN 60728-1-1 -
sound signals and interactive services -
Part 1-1: RF cabling for two way home
networks
IEC 60728-1-2 - Cable networks for television signals, EN 60728-1-2 -
sound signals and interactive services -
Part 1-2: Performance requirements or
signals delivered at the system outlet in
operation
IEC 60728-2 - Cable networks for television signals, EN 50083-2 -
sound signals and interactive services -
Part 2: Electromagnetic compatibility for
equipment
IEC 60728-3 2010 Cable networks for television signals, EN 60728-3 2011
sound signals and interactive services -
Part 3: Active wideband equipment for
cable networks
IEC 60728-5 - Cable networks for television signals, EN 60728-5 -
sound signals and interactive services -
Part 5: Headend equipment
IEC 60728-10 - Cable networks for television signals, EN 60728-10 -
sound signals and interactive services -
Part 10: System performance of return
paths
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 60728-1:2014
EN 60728-1:2014 - 4 -
IEC 60728-11 - Cable networks for television signals, EN 60728-11 -
sound signals and interactive services -
Part 11: Safety
IEC 60728-12 - Cabled distribution systems for television EN 50083-8 -
and sound signals -
Part 12: Electromagnetic compatibility of
systems
IEC 60966-2-4 - Radio frequency and coaxial cable EN 60966-2-4 -
assemblies -
Part 2-4: Detail specification for cable
assemblies for radio and TV receivers -
Frequency range 0 MHz to 3 000 MHz,
IEC 61169-2 connectors
IEC 60966-2-5 - Radio frequency and coaxial cable EN 60966-2-5 -
assemblies -
Part 2-5: Detail specification for cable
assemblies for radio and TV receivers -
Frequency range 0 MHz to 1 000 MHz,
IEC 61169-2 connectors
IEC 60966-2-6 - Radio frequency and coaxial cable EN 60966-2-6 -
assemblies -
Part 2-6: Detail specification for cable
assemblies for radio and TV receivers -
Frequency range 0 MHz to 3 000 MHz,
IEC 61169-24 connectors
ISO/IEC 13818-1 2007 Information technology - Generic coding of - -
moving pictures and associated audio
information: Systems
ISO/IEC 13818-4 Information technology - Generic coding of
moving pictures and associated audio
information -
Part 4: Conformance testing
ISO/IEC 14496-1 - Information technology - Coding of audio- - -
visual objects -
Part 1: Systems
ITU-R - Planning standards for terrestrial FM sound - -
Recommendation broadcasting at VHF
BS.412-9
ITU-R Minimum field strengths for which
Recommendation protection may be sought in planning an
BT.417-4 analogue terrestrial television service
ITU-R - Conventional analogue television systems - -
Recommendation
BT.470-7
ITU-R - Methodology for the subjective assessment - -
Recommendation of the quality of television pictures
BT.500-11
ITU-T - Transmission performance of television - -
Recommendation circuits designed for use in international
J.61 connections
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SIST EN 60728-1:2014
- 5 - EN 60728-1:2014
ETSI EN 300 421 - Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB): Framing - -
structure, channel coding and modulation
for 11/12 GHz satellite services
ETSI EN 300 429 - Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB): Framing - -
structure, channel coding and modulation
for cable systems
ETSI EN 300 468 - Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); - -
Specification for Service Information (SI) in
DVB systems
ETSI EN 300 473 - Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB): Satellite - -
Master Antenna Television (SMATV)
distribution systems
ETSI EN 300 744 - Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB): Framing - -
structure, channel coding and modulation
for digital terrestrial television
ETSI EN 302 2013 Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Second - -
307/V1.3.1 generation framing structure, channel
coding and modulation systems for
Broadcasting, Interactive Services, News
Gathering and other broadband satellite
applications (DVB-S2)
ETSI ETS 300 784 - Satellite Earth Stations and Systems - -
(SES);Television Receive-Only (TVRO)
satellite earth stations operating in the
11/12 GHz frequency bands
ETSI TS 101 211 - Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); - -
Guidelines on implementation and usage
of Service Information (SI)
ETSI TS 102 831 2012 Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); - -
V1.2.1 Implementation guidelines for a second
generation digital terrestrial television
broadcasting system (DVB-T2)
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SIST EN 60728-1:2014
EN 60728-1:2014 - 6 -
Annex ZB
(informative)
A-deviations

A-deviation: National deviation due to regulations, the alteration of which is for the time being outside

the competence of the CENELEC national member.
This European Standard does not fall under any Directive of the EC.

In the relevant CENELEC countries these A-deviations are valid instead of the provisions of the

European Standard until they have been removed.
Clause Deviation
3.1.58 Norway

According to Regulations on Electronic Communications Networks and Services (Ecom

Regulations) laid down by the Norwegian Ministry of Transport and Communications on 16

February 2004, the following applies:

When installing coaxial cable-based networks, the part of the network to which the end-user

is connected shall be placed in a star structure. It is not permitted to insert receiver

connections into the connection between the star points.
5.4.1 Netherlands

(Dutch Technical Regulations for CATV networks (Technische Voorschriften voor Centrale

Antenne Inrichtingen, 3e uitgave), 21 December 1977, which are valid for CATV networks in

accordance with Article 21 of the Dutch Telecommunications law (Stb. 1988, 520))

Replace by/add the following “minimum and maximum carrier levels” regulation as indicated

in Table ZB.1.
Table ZB.1 – Carrier signal levels at any system outlet
FM sound mono: 80 dB(µV)
max

(measured in accordance with CISPR 16-1 [4] (quasi-peak measurement within 120 kHz

bandwidth))
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SIST EN 60728-1:2014
- 7 - EN 60728-1:2014
5.6.2 Netherlands

(Dutch Technical Regulations for CATV networks (Technische Voorschriften voor Centrale

Antenne Inrichtingen, 3e uitgave), 21 December 1977, which are valid for CATV networks in

accordance with Article 21 of the Dutch Telecommunications law (Stb. 1988, 520))

Add the group delay response curve valid for PAL with FM-FM sound (Clause 5.4.1), as

shown in Figure ZB.1.
Group delay
+400
+150
+100
–100
–150
–400
0 1 2 3 4 5
–0,25 4,43 5,35 5,9
Frequency MHz
IEC 1463/07
Figure ZB.1 – Mask group delay characteristic for PAL signals
with FM-FM sound
5.9.1 Netherlands

(Dutch Technical Regulations for CATV networks (Technische Voorschriften voor Centrale

Antenne Inrichtingen, 3e uitgave), 21 December 1977, which are valid for CATV networks in

accordance with Article 21 of the Dutch Telecommunications law (Stb. 1988, 520))

Replace by/add the following “single-frequency interference” regulation as indicated in

Table ZB.2.
Table ZB.2 – Single-frequency interference
AM-VSB-PAL-signals: C/I ≥ 60 dB (measured in a bandwidth of 300 kHz)
For signals outside used TV C/I ≥ 40 dB
channels:
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SIST EN 60728-1:2014
EN 60728-1:2014 - 8 -
5.10.2 Netherlands

(Dutch Technical Regulations for CATV networks (Technische Voorschriften voor Centrale

Antenne Inrichtingen, 3e uitgave), 21 December 1977, which are valid for CATV networks in

accordance with Article 21 of the Dutch Telecommunications law (Stb. 1988, 520))

Replace the requirements for “echoes in television channels, PAL-SECAM standards” by the

“requirement for echo loss in relation to the time delay of the reflected signal for AM-PAL-TV

and FM-radio” (Figure ZB.2).
Reflections admissible
Reflections inadmissible
10 100 1 000 10 000
Time delay (ns)
IEC 1468
Figure ZB.2 – Requirement for echo loss in relation to the time delay
of the reflected signal
5.12.1 Denmark

(Danish technical regulations for CATV-networks, which are applicable to those networks in

accordance with national legislation act. nr; 277 of June 1995, given by the Ministry of

Research)

Add the requirement for “decoding margin” being “the decoding margin must be 40 %, when

the margin is a minimum of 70 % at the receiving antenna”.
5.14.3 Netherlands

(Dutch Technical Regulations for CATV networks (Technische Voorschriften voor Centrale

Antenne Inrichtingen, 3e uitgave), 21 December 1977, which are valid for CATV networks in

accordance with Article 21 of the Dutch Telecommunications law (Stb. 1988, 520))
Add the requirement for “adjacent channel spacing” by ≥ 400 kHz.
__________
Echo-loss (dB)
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SIST EN 60728-1:2014
IEC 60728-1
Edition 5.0 2014-05
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and interactive services –
Part 1: System performance of forward paths
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
PRICE CODE
ICS 33.060.40 ISBN 978-2-8322-1619-4

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 60728-1:2014
– 2 – IEC 60728-1:2014 © IEC 2014
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ......................................................................................................................... 10

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 12

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 13

2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 13

3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviations ............................................................... 15

3.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................... 15

3.2 Symbols ........................................................................................................... 27

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................... 29

4 Methods of measurement at system outlet ..................................................................... 31

4.1 Performance limits ........................................................................................... 31

4.2 Mutual isolation between system outlets .......................................................... 33

4.2.1 Overview ........................................................................................ 33

4.2.2 Equipment required ........................................................................ 33

4.2.3 Connection of the equipment .......................................................... 34

4.2.4 Measurement procedure ................................................................. 34

4.2.5 Presentation of the results .............................................................. 35

4.3 Amplitude response within a channel ............................................................... 35

4.3.1 Overview ........................................................................................ 35

4.3.2 Equipment required ........................................................................ 35

4.3.3 Connection of the equipment .......................................................... 35

4.3.4 Measurement procedure ................................................................. 36

4.3.5 Presentation of the results .............................................................. 37

4.4 Chrominance-luminance gain and delay inequalities ........................................ 38

4.4.1 Overview ........................................................................................ 38

4.4.2 Equipment required ........................................................................ 39

4.4.3 Connection of the equipment .......................................................... 39

4.4.4 Measurement procedure ................................................................. 39

4.4.5 Presentation of the results .............................................................. 40

4.5 Non-linear distortion......................................................................................... 41

4.5.1 General .......................................................................................... 41

4.5.2 Intermodulation ............................................................................... 41

4.5.3 Composite beat .............................................................................. 41

4.5.4 Composite crossmodulation ............................................................ 45

4.5.5 Intermodulation noise ..................................................................... 46

4.5.6 Hum modulation of carriers ............................................................. 46

4.5.7 Differential gain and phase ............................................................. 51

4.6 Carrier-to-noise ratio ........................................................................................ 56

4.6.1 Overview ........................................................................................ 56

4.6.2 Equipment required ........................................................................ 56

4.6.3 Connection of the equipment .......................................................... 56

4.6.4 Measurement set-up ....................................................................... 57

4.6.5 Measurement procedure ................................................................. 57

4.6.6 Presentation of the results .............................................................. 58

4.7 Echoes ............................................................................................................ 58

4.7.1 Overview ........................................................................................ 58

4.7.2 Equipment required ........................................................................ 59

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SIST EN 60728-1:2014
IEC 60728-1:2014 © IEC 2014 – 3 –

4.7.3 Connection of the equipment .......................................................... 59

4.7.4 Measurement procedure ................................................................. 59

4.7.5 Presentation of the results .............................................................. 60

4.8 AM-VSB television, FM radio and FM television signal level ............................. 60

4.8.1 General .......................................................................................... 60

4.8.2 Definitions for NTSC, PAL and SECAM systems ............................. 60

4.8.3 Equipment required ........................................................................ 60

4.8.4 Measurement procedure ................................................................. 60

4.8.5 Presentation of the results .............................................................. 61

4.9 Data echo rating and data delay inequality ....................................................... 61

4.10 Interference in FM sound radio channels .......................................................... 61

4.11 Methods of measurement for digitally modulated signals .................................. 61

4.11.1 Overview ........................................................................................ 61

4.11.2 Basic assumptions and measurement interfaces ............................. 62

4.11.3 Signal level for digitally modulated signals ...................................... 65

4.11.4 RF signal-to-noise ratio S /N for digitally modulated
D,RF

signals ............................................................................................ 66

4.11.5 Bit error ratio (BER) ........................................................................ 68

4.11.6 BER versus E /N or C/N ............................................................... 69

b 0

4.11.7 Noise margin .................................................................................. 73

4.11.8 Modulation error ratio (MER) .......................................................... 74

4.11.9 Phase jitter ..................................................................................... 76

4.11.10 Phase noise of an RF carrier .......................................................... 79

5 Performance requirements at system outlet ................................................................... 82

5.1 General ............................................................................................................ 82

5.2 Impedance ....................................................................................................... 82

5.3 Requirements at the terminal input ................................................................... 82

5.3.1 General .......................................................................................... 82

5.3.2 Signal level ..................................................................................... 83

5.3.3 Other parameters ........................................................................... 83

5.4 Carrier levels at system outlets ........................................................................ 83

5.4.1 Minimum and maximum carrier levels ............................................. 83

5.4.2 Carrier level differences .................................................................. 85

5.5 Mutual isolation between system outlets .......................................................... 86

5.5.1 Isolation between two subscribers .................................................. 86

5.5.2 Isolation between individual outlets in one household ..................... 86

5.5.3 Isolation between forward and return path ...................................... 86

5.6 Frequency response within a television channel at any system outlet ............... 87

5.6.1 Amplitude response ........................................................................ 87

5.6.2 Group delay .................................................................................... 87

5.7 Long-term frequency stability of distributed carrier signals at any system

outlet ............................................................................................................... 88

5.8 Random noise .................................................................................................. 89

5.9 Interference to television channels ................................................................... 91

5.9.1 Single-frequency interference ......................................................... 91

5.9.2 Single-channel intermodulation interference ................................... 92

5.9.3 Multiple frequency intermodulation interference .............................. 92

5.9.4 Intermodulation noise ..................................................................... 92

5.9.5 Cross-modulation ........................................................................... 93

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SIST EN 60728-1:2014
– 4 – IEC 60728-1:2014 © IEC 2014

5.10 Video baseband requirements .......................................................................... 93

5.10.1 Differential gain and phase in any television channel ...................... 93

5.10.2 Echoes ........................................................................................... 93

5.11 Hum modulation of carriers in television channels ............................................ 93

5.12 Requirements for data signal transmission ....................................................... 94

5.12.1 Data signals carried in the structure of a television signal ............... 94

5.12.2 Data signals other than those carried within the structure of a

television signal .............................................................................. 94

5.13 Digitally modulated signals – Additional performance requirements ................. 94

5.13.1 DVB (PSK, QAM, OFDM) performance ........................................... 94

5.13.2 NICAM performance ....................................................................... 96

5.13.3 DAB performance ........................................................................... 96

5.14 FM sound radio – Additional performance requirements ................................... 97

5.14.1 Amplitude response within an FM channel ...................................... 97

5.14.2 Phase response within an FM channel ............................................ 97

5.14.3 Interference within an FM channel .................................................. 97

5.14.4 AM hum modulation on FM sound carriers ...................................... 97

5.14.5 Echoes within an FM channel ......................................................... 97

6 Performance requirements at receiving antennas .......................................................... 97

6.1 General ............................................................................................................ 97

6.2 Method of measurement of field strength ......................................................... 98

6.2.1 Overview ........................................................................................ 98

6.2.2 Equipment required ........................................................................ 98

6.2.3 Connection of the equipment .......................................................... 98

6.2.4 Measurement procedure ................................................................. 98

6.2.5 Presentation of the results ............................................................ 100

6.3 Requirements ................................................................................................ 100

6.3.1 General ........................................................................................ 100

6.3.2 Field strength requirements .......................................................... 100

6.3.3 Quality of received signals ............................................................ 102

6.3.4 Safety ........................................................................................... 106

6.3.5 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) ............................................ 107

6.4 Interference reduction .................................................................................... 107

6.4.1 General ........................................................................................ 107

6.4.2
...

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