Safety of toys - Interpretations - Part 1: Replies to requests for interpretation of EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 and EN 71-14

The purpose of this Technical Report is to provide replies to requests for interpretations of EN 71-1:2014, Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties, EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, Safety of toys - Part 2: Flammability, EN 71 8:2011, Safety of toys - Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use and EN 7- 14:2014, Safety of toys - Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use.

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Interpretationen - Teil 1: Antworten auf Anfragen zur Interpretation von EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 und EN 71-14

Sécurité des jouets - Interprétations - Partie 1: Réponses aux demandes d’interprétation de EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 et EN 71-14

Varnost igrač - Razlaga - 1. del: Odgovori na zahteve po razlagi standardov EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 in EN 71-14

Namen tega tehničnega poročila je zagotoviti odgovore na zahteve po interpretaciji standarda EN 71-1:2014, Varnost igrač – 1. del: Mehanske in fizikalne lastnosti, EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, Varnost igrač – 2. del: Vnetljivost, EN 71 8:2011, Varnost igrač – 8. del: Igrače za prostočasne aktivnosti za domačo uporabo in EN 7-14:2014, Varnost igrač – 14. del: Trampolini za domačo uporabo.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Public Enquiry End Date
14-Mar-2017
Publication Date
07-Jun-2017
Withdrawal Date
13-Jun-2021
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
06-May-2021
Due Date
29-May-2021
Completion Date
14-Jun-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TP CEN/TR 15371-1:2017
01-julij-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST-TP CEN/TR 15371-1:2016

9DUQRVWLJUDþ5D]ODJDGHO2GJRYRULQD]DKWHYHSRUD]ODJLVWDQGDUGRY(1

(1(1LQ(1

Safety of toys - Interpretations - Part 1: Replies to requests for interpretation of EN 71-1,

EN 71-2, EN 71-8 and EN 71-14
Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Interpretationen - Teil 1: Antworten auf Anfragen zur
Interpretation von EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 und EN 71-14

Sécurité des jouets - Interprétations - Partie 1: Réponses aux demandes d’interprétation

de EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 et EN 71-14
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TR 15371-1:2017
ICS:
97.200.50 ,JUDþH Toys
SIST-TP CEN/TR 15371-1:2017 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TP CEN/TR 15371-1:2017
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SIST-TP CEN/TR 15371-1:2017
CEN/TR 15371-1
TECHNICAL REPORT
RAPPORT TECHNIQUE
May 2017
TECHNISCHER BERICHT
ICS 97.200.50 Supersedes CEN/TR 15371-1:2015
English Version
Safety of toys - Interpretations - Part 1: Replies to requests
for interpretation of EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 and EN 71-

Sécurité des jouets - Interprétations - Partie 1: Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Interpretationen - Teil 1:

Réponses aux demandes d'interprétation de EN 71-1, Antworten auf Anfragen zur Interpretation von EN 71-

EN 71-2, EN 71-8 et EN 71-14 1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 und EN 71-14

This Technical Report was approved by CEN on 18 April 2017. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 52.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TR 15371-1:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

0 Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................... 6

0.1 Interpretations and no-action decisions ................................................................................................ 6

0.2 Requests for interpretation ......................................................................................................................... 6

0.3 Answers to requests for interpretations ................................................................................................ 7

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8

2 EN 71-1:2014, Safety of toys – Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties .............................. 8

2.1 3.5 Ball (interpretation) ............................................................................................................................... 8

2.2 3.12 Cord (no action decision) ................................................................................................................ 10

2.3 3.30 F uzz (no action decision) ................................................................................................................ 10

2.4 3.33 Large and bulky toy (interpretation) .......................................................................................... 11

2.5 3.47 and and 3.48 Projectile toys (no action decision) .................................................................. 13

2.6 3.47, 3.48 and 7.7 Projectile toys (no action decision) ................................................................... 13

2.7 4.3 Flexible plastic sheeting (no action decision) ............................................................................ 14

2.8 4.4 Toy bags (no action decision) ........................................................................................................... 15

2.9 4.5 Glass (no action decision) .................................................................................................................. 16

2.10 4.9 Protruding parts (interpretation) .................................................................................................. 16

2.11 4.10.1 c) folding and sliding mechanisms (no action decision) .................................................. 17

2.12 4.10.3 Hinges and rationale A.13 (interpretation) .......................................................................... 18

2.13 4.11 Mouth-actuated toys and other toys intended to be put in the mouth

(interpretation) ............................................................................................................................................ 18

2.14 4.14.2 Masks and helmets (no action decision) ................................................................................ 19

2.15 4.15.1.2 Warnings and instructions for use (no action decision) ............................................... 20

2.16 4.15.1.4 Stability (interpretation) .......................................................................................................... 21

2.17 4.15.1.4; 8.23.1 Stability (interpretation) ........................................................................................... 21

2.18 4.15.1.6 c) Transmission and wheel arrangement (no action decision) .................................. 24

2.19 4.15.1.6 d) Transmission and wheel arrangement (no action decision) ................................. 25

2.20 4.15.5.7 Toy scooters – protruding parts (interpretation) ........................................................... 26

2.21 4.17 Projectiles (no action decision)..................................................................................................... 26

2.22 4.18 Aquatic toys and inflatable toys (no action decision) ........................................................... 28

2.23 4.18 Aquatic toys and inflatable toys (interpretation) ................................................................... 29

2.24 4.19 Percussion caps (no action decision) .......................................................................................... 29

2.25 4.20 Acoustics (Re: percussion toys) (no action decision) ............................................................ 29

2.26 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 30

2.27 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 31

2.28 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 32

2.29 4.20 Acoustics (no action decision) ....................................................................................................... 33

2.30 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 34

2.31 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 34

2.32 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 35

2.33 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 35

2.34 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 37

2.35 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 37

2.36 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 38

2.37 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 39

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2.38 Clause 5 Toys intended for children under 36 months (re: inflatable toys)

(interpretation) ............................................................................................................................................. 40

2.39 5.1 General requirements (re: small parts) (interpretation) ....................................................... 41

2.40 5.1 General requirements (re: small parts) (interpretation) ....................................................... 41

2.41 5.1 General requirements (re: fuzz) (no action decision) ............................................................. 41

2.42 5.1 General requirements (re: plastic whiskers) (interpretation)............................................. 42

2.43 5.1 General requirements (no action decision) ................................................................................. 42

2.44 5.1 General requirements (no action decision) ................................................................................. 43

2.45 5.1 General requirements (no action decision) ................................................................................. 44

2.46 5.1 General requirements (interpretation) ........................................................................................ 44

2.47 5.1 e) General requirements (re: glued wooden toys) (no action decision) ........................... 46

2.48 5.1 e) General requirements (re: varnish) (interpretation) ......................................................... 46

2.49 5.2 Soft-filled toys and soft-filled parts of a toy (no action decision) ........................................ 46

2.50 5.4 Cords, chains and electrical cables in toys (no action decision) .......................................... 47

2.51 5.4 Cords, chains and electrical cables in toys (interpretation) .................................................. 48

2.52 5.4 g) Cords, chains and electrical cables in toys (interpretation) ............................................. 49

2.53 5.7 Glass and porcelain (interpretation) ............................................................................................. 51

2.54 5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (re: accessibility) (interpretation) ...................................... 52

2.55 5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (interpretation) .......................................................................... 52

2.56 5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (re: squeeze toys) (no action decision) .............................. 52

2.57 5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (interpretation) .......................................................................... 53

2.58 5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (no action decision) .................................................................. 53

2.59 5.10 Small balls (no action decision) ..................................................................................................... 54

2.60 5.12 Hemispheric-shaped toys (no action decision) ........................................................................ 57

2.61 Clause 6 Packaging (no action decision) .............................................................................................. 58

2.62 7.1 Warnings, markings and instructions for use – General (no action decision) ................ 58

2.63 7.1 Warnings, markings and instructions for use – General (no action decision) ................ 59

2.64 7.2 Toys not intended for children under 36 months and 7.3 latex balloons (re:

warning) (no action decision) .................................................................................................................. 60

2.65 7.12 Liquid filled teethers (interpretation) ........................................................................................ 60

2.66 8.4.2.2 Tension test - Seams and materials (interpretation) ........................................................ 61

2.67 8.4.2.2 Tension test - Seams and materials (interpretation) ........................................................ 61

2.68 8.5 Drop test and 8.7 Impact test (interpretation) ........................................................................... 62

2.69 8.13 Flexibility of metallic wires (no action decision) .................................................................... 63

2.70 8.18.2.b) Folding or sliding mechanisms – Toy pushchairs and perambulators

(interpretation) ............................................................................................................................................. 63

2.71 8.23.1 Stability – Toys intended to bear the mass of a child (no action decision) ................ 63

2.72 8.25.1.1 Plastic sheeting - apparatus (interpretation).................................................................... 64

2.73 8.28.2 Test procedures (re: acoustics) (no action decision) ......................................................... 66

2.74 8.28.2.1.3, 8.28.2.2.3, 8.28.2.3.3, 8.28.2.11.3 Operating conditions and

measurements (re: acoustics) (interpretation) ................................................................................ 67

2.75 8.28.2.2.3, 8.28.2.5.3 Operating conditions and measurements (re: acoustics) (no

action decision) ............................................................................................................................................. 67

2.76 8.28.2.7.3 Operating conditions and measurements (re: acoustics) (interpretation) ........ 68

2.77 8.28.2.9.3 Operating conditions and measurements (re: acoustics) (no action

decision)........................................................................................................................................................... 68

2.78 8.28.2.11 Voice toys (re: acoustics) (Interpretation) ...................................................................... 69

2.79 8.28.2.11.4 Voice toys – measurement results (interpretation) ................................................. 71

2.80 General interpretation and guidance document for the application of the acoustic

requirements from EN 71-1:2014........................................................................................................... 72

2.80.1 Acoustic interpretations ............................................................................................................................ 72

2.80.2 Explanation of requirements for time-averaged sound ................................................................. 72

2.80.3 Explanation of requirements for peak sound..................................................................................... 77

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2.80.4 Particular cases ............................................................................................................................................. 78

3 EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, Safety of toys — Part 2: Flammability .................................................. 78

3.1 Applicability of Subclauses 4.1 to 4.2.5 ................................................................................................ 78

3.2 4.2.2 Beards, moustaches, wigs etc., ... (interpretation) ................................................................ 85

3.3 4.2.5 Flowing elements of toys ... and 4.3 Toy disguise costumes ... (interpretation) ......... 85

3.4 4.3 Toys disguise costumes and toys intended to be worn by a child in play

(interpretation) ............................................................................................................................................ 86

3.5 4.4 Toys intended to be entered by a child (interpretation) ........................................................ 86

3.6 5.4.1 Preparation of test sample (no action decision) .................................................................... 88

3.7 5.4.1 Preparation of test sample (interpretation) ........................................................................... 89

3.8 5.4.1 Preparation of test sample (interpretation) ........................................................................... 90

4 EN 71-8:2011, Safety of toys — Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use ..................................... 91

4.1 3.7 Forced movement (no action decision) ........................................................................................ 91

4.2 4.2.1 Barriers and handrails preventing the child from falling down (no action

decision) .......................................................................................................................................................... 91

4.3 4.3.1 Head and neck entrapment ........................................................................................................... 92

4.4 4.3.1 a) Head and neck entrapment (no action decision) .............................................................. 92

4.5 4.3.2 Entrapment of clothing and hair (no action decision) ......................................................... 92

4.6 4.6.7 Suspension connectors and swing devices (no action decision) ...................................... 93

4.7 4.6.8.3 Geometry and design of swing elements (no action decision) ...................................... 95

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European foreword

This document (CEN/TR 15371-1:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 52 “Safety

of toys”, the secretariat of which is held by DS.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document supersedes CEN/TR 15371-1:2015.

CEN/TR 15371, Safety of toys — Interpretations, is currently composed with the following parts:

— Part 1: Replies to requests for interpretation of EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 and EN 71-14;

— Part 2: Replies to requests for interpretation of the chemical standards in the EN 71-series.

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0 Introduction
0.1 Interpretations and no-action decisions

This Technical Report contains replies to requests for interpretations concerning the understanding of

clauses in EN 71-1:2014, EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, EN 71-8:2011 and EN 71-14:2014. The replies

concern those requests that have resulted in an interpretation or a decision that no action is required as

the standard is sufficiently clear.

An interpretation does not have the same status as the text of the standard, nor can it overrule the text

of the standard. However, following an interpretation should give assurance that the relevant clause of

the standard has been correctly applied. An interpretation should only be regarded as a clarification of

the meaning of the standard such that stakeholders can apply it correctly in a conformity assessment.

An interpretation is not an assessment of the requirement in the standard - it is only a strict

interpretation of the meaning of the text.
Disclaimer:

The interpretations have been derived by expert groups of CEN/TC 52. The information contained

herein is for guidance only and does not reflect the formal approval by CEN or CEN member bodies. It

should be noted that the interpretations are neither part of any standard nor have been referenced in

the Official Journal of the European Union.
0.2 Requests for interpretation

Requests for interpretations may be submitted by a CEN member body through its national committee

or by a CEN/TC 52 liaison (but not directly by an individual or a company) - in accordance with the

interpretation protocols agreed by CEN/TC 52. The requests are then channelled to the relevant

CEN/TC 52 working party, which will then deal with the request.
A request for an interpretation may lead to:
a) An interpretation of the standard:

This should reflect a reasonable interpretation of how the standard should be used, taking into

account:
1) the wording of the standard;
2) the rationale of the standard;
3) the history of the standard.
b) A no-action decision:

This is applicable when it is agreed that the standard appropriately specifies how a toy shall be

assessed.
c) A proposal for an amendment of the standard:
This is applicable when it is agreed that the standard is deficient in some way.

NOTE Interpretation and no-action decisions are published in the CEN/TR 15371 series, which will be

updated on a regular basis.
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Proposals for amendments will be progressed as new work item proposals in accordance with CEN

rules.
0.3 Answers to requests for interpretations

Since requests for interpretations are submitted through a CEN member body or a CEN/TC 52 liaison, it

is assumed that they will keep themselves informed about decisions concerning the request and its

progress and will themselves inform the originator of the request as appropriate.

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1 Scope

The purpose of this Technical Report is to provide replies to requests for interpretations of

EN 71-1:2014, Safety of toys — Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties, EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014,

Safety of toys — Part 2: Flammability, EN 71-8:2011, Safety of toys — Part 8: Activity toys for domestic

use and EN 71-14:2014, Safety of toys — Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use.
2 EN 71-1:2014, Safety of toys – Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties
2.1 3.5 Ball (interpretation)
Question
The definition of a ball according to Clause 3.5 is:

“Spherical, ovoid or ellipsoidal object, usually but not always designed or intended to be thrown, hit

kicked, rolled, dropped or bounced”.

There is an additional note explaining the ball definition includes multisided objects formed by at least

48 connecting planes into a generally spherical, ovoid or ellipsoidal shape.

What about spherical, ovoid or ellipsoidal objects having small protrusions or projections?

See below some examples of toys intended for children under 3 years of age that have a generally

spherical, ovoid or ellipsoidal shape but in addition have protrusions or projections.

Should they be considered as balls?
a) b)
Figure 1

Ratio: minor/major axes = 90 % (green protrusion not counted) or 97,5 % (green protrusion counted)

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Figure 2

Ratio: minor/major axes = 87 % (green protrusion not counted) or 75,5 % (green protrusion counted)

Figure 3

Ratio: minor/major axes = 74 % (yellow ends elements considered to be part of the whole shape)

Reply

The three toys as presented here would fall under the definition of balls and are subject to the

requirements for small balls per EN 71-1. In the case of the tomato and purple strawberry the

protrusions are on one side only and they are small. They appear to make no difference in the

assessment of the ratio between minor and major dimensions mentioned in the informative annex. For

the lemon shape the small end elements are considered to be part of the overall ellipsoidal shape. This

interpretation is only valid for the toys evaluated under this request.
REQ 156-15 (NEN, Netherlands)
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2.2 3.12 Cord (no action decision)
Question
The question relates to 3.12 “cord” of EN 71-1.
The standard defines cord as:

“length of flexible textile or non-textile material including elastic material, monofilament polymeric

material, tape, ribbon, rope, strap, woven and twisted material and string as well as certain weak and

long springs”

Soft filled parts of a soft filled toy are not included by the definition of cord. Therefore, the requirements

of 5.4 shall not be applied to those parts.

In the example provided, the tail of Figure 1 and the toy of Figure 3 are soft filled, while the tail of

Figure 2 is not soft filled, therefore 5.4 is applicable only to the tail of Figure 2. Is it correct?

Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6
Reply

Standard is clear. Soft-filled parts of toys are not cords as defined in the standard. The tail of the toy in

Figure 2 is considered a cord because there is not stuffing material inside.
REQ 104-12 (UNI, Italy)
2.3 3.30 F uzz (no action decision)
Question
The question relates to 3.30 “fuzz” of EN 71-1.

Some soft filled toys may have fur with long hairs, even longer than 50 mm. We do know that such hairs

are not to be considered as monofilament fibres.

If the toy loses these hairs when pet (as per foreseeable use), as in the attached picture, even in great

amount, is it correct to consider these hairs included in the definition of fuzz, therefore excluding them

from the requirements of 5.1?
Figure 7 Figure 8
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Reply

Standard is clear. It is correct to consider the described fibres as fuzz (which is excluded from 5.1

requirements).
REQ 105-12 (UNI, Italy)
2.4 3.33 Large and bulky toy (interpretation)
Question

How do you measure the volume of large and bulky toys as defined in 3.33 of EN 71-1:2014?

Here are two possible ways. Option A or Option B (see drawings below)?
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OPTION A: GLOBAL VOLUME CALCULATION
OPTION B : follow the shape to calculate volume
Toy 1
Interpretation

The volume is considered to be smallest imaginary box that would contain the toy after having removed

minor appendages which actually is option A above.
Minor appendages would be the wooden elements on the sides of toy 1.
REQ 134-13 (BSI, United Kingdom)
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2.5 3.47 and and 3.48 Projectile toys (no action decision)
Question
EN 71-1 has the below definitions of projectiles with or without stored energy:
3.47
projectile toy with stored energy

toy with a projectile propelled by means of a discharge mechanism capable of storing and releasing

energy
3.48
projectile toy without stored energy
toy with a projectile discharged by the energy imparted by a child

An example - a toy where the energy is imparted by e.g. a spring or an elastic band and the launching is

entirely controlled by the child, as the toy has no mechanism for holding back the projectile and storing

the energy for a prolonged time. Such a toy could be interpreted not to be included in 3.48. However,

the toy is obviously also not within 3.47 because we interpret 3.47 so that the toy shall be capable to

accumulate and store the energy for a prolonged period of time without involvement of a child.

We would like to have a confirmation that a projectile toy, which cannot accumulate and store energy is

within 3.48 even if a spring is used in launching the projectile.
Figure 9
Reply

Standard is clear. In this case, the energy is not stored and released by a discharge mechanism but the

energy is imparted by the user. In consequence, this toy is regarded as a “projectile toy without stored

energy”
REQ 064-06 (DS, Denmark)
2.6 3.47, 3.48 and 7.7 Projectile toys (no action decision)
Question

Even if we are aware of the ongoing discussion about the revision on projectiles requirements, we ask

to give an official interpretation of the following issue to interpret correctly the current version of the

standard.

a) EN 71-1 defines as projectile an “object intended to be launched into free flight or a trajectory in the

air”
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1) does this include toys like boomerang or frisbee?

2) does this include small toys designed in such a way that hitting their base, they make a little

jump, rotating on themselves? (to figure them think about a spoon on a table: hitting its

extremity you can have it make this kind of jump)
3) does it include objects launched by catapult toys?

b) If a toy has a spring or an elastic band, but no mechanism to hold the projectile in the “charged”

condition (this means that as soon as you release the projectile, it is launched, like in a bow), is it

considered “projectile toy with stored energy” (the spring and elastic are conside

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

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