Child care articles - Reclined cradles

This standard specifies safety requirements and the corresponding test methods for fixed or folding reclined cradles intended for children up to 6 months and or up to a weight of 9 kg.

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Kinderliegesitze

Diese Norm legt Sicherheitsanforderungen und die entsprechenden Prüfverfahren für feststehende oder zusammenklappbare Kinderliegesitze mit verstellbarer Rückenlehne fest, die für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder bis zu einem Alter von 6 Monaten oder bis zu einem Körpergewicht von 9 kg bestimmt sind.

Articles de puériculture - Transats

La présente Norme européenne prescrit les exigences de sécurité et les méthodes d'essai correspondantes relatives aux transats fixes ou pliants destinés aux enfants âgés au plus de 6 mois et/ou pesant jusqu'a 9 kg.

Izdelki za otroke - Sklopne zibelke

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Izdelki za otroke - Sklopne zibelkeArtikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - KinderliegesitzeArticles de puériculture - TransatsChild care articles - Reclined cradles97.190Otroška opremaEquipment for childrenICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12790:2002SIST EN 12790:2003en01-maj-2003SIST EN 12790:2003SLOVENSKI

SIST EN 12790:2003

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 12790October 2002ICS 97.190English versionChild care articles - Reclined cradlesArticles de puériculture - TransatsArtikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - KinderliegesitzeThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 February 2002.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36
B-1050 Brussels© 2002 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 12790:2002 ESIST EN 12790:2003

EN 12790:2002 (E)2ContentsForeword.31Scope.42Normative references.43Terms and definitions.44Properties of materials.64.1Chemical properties.64.2Surface flash.65Construction.65.1General.65.2Openings within the protected volume.75.3Edges, points and corners.75.4Small parts.85.5Cords, strings and other narrow fabrics.95.6Moving parts within the protected volume.95.7Springs.95.8Locking and reclining mechanism(s).95.9Angle and height of child support.105.10Stability.105.11Static strength.105.12Dynamic strength of the carrying handles.105.13Slippage of the reclined cradle.105.14Restraint system.105.15Marking.116Test methods.116.1Test method for springs.116.2Test method for locking mechanisms.116.3Test method for reclining mechanism.116.4Test method for stability.156.5Test method for static strength.156.6Test method for dynamic strength of the carrying handles.156.7Test method for slippage of the reclined cradle.166.8Test method for the slippage of the restraint system.176.9Test method for the strength of restraint system.176.10Durability for marking.177Product information.177.1General.177.2Marking of the product.187.3Purchase information.187.4Instructions for use.188Non-permeable packaging.19Annex A (normative)
Test masses.20Annex B (informative)
A-deviations.22Annex C (normative)
Test mass C.23SIST EN 12790:2003

EN 12790:2002 (E)3ForewordThis document (EN 12790:2002) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 252 “Child and use carearticles”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text orby endorsement, at the latest by April 2003, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest byApril 2003.This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the EuropeanFree Trade Association.According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the followingcountries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland,France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain,Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.SIST EN 12790:2003

EN 12790:2002 (E)41 ScopeThis standard specifies safety requirements and the corresponding test methods for fixed or folding reclinedcradles intended for children up to 6 months and or up to a weight of 9 kg.2 Normative referencesThis standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These normativereferences are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For datedreferences, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this standard only whenincorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred toapplies.EN 71-1, Safety of toys - Part 1 : Mechanical and physical properties.EN 71-2, Safety of toys - Part 2 : Flammability.EN 71-3, Safety of toys - Part 3 : Migration of certain elements.EN 438-1, Decorative high-pressure laminates (HPL) - Sheets based on thermosetting resins –Part 1 : Specifications (ISO 4586-1:1987, modified).ISO 48, Rubber, vulcanised or thermoplastic - Determination of hardness (Hardness between 10 IRHD and100 IRHD)3 Terms and definitionsFor the purposes of this standard, the following terms and definitions apply.3.1reclined cradledevice intended for accommodate a child in a reclined position. It can be either a static, rocker or bouncer type orany combination of these. These may have adjustable backs3.1.1staticarticle that does not bounce or rock3.1.2rocker3.1.3bouncerarticle that allows the child to bounce due to
the elasticity of the frame or other mechanical action, if spring3.2restraint systemsystem used for maintaining the child in the reclined cradle3.3crotch strapcomponent part of restraint system intended for positioning between the child’s legs in order to prevent it fromsliding out of the reclined cradle3.4carrying handlecomponent parts allowing the reclined cradle to be carried by handSIST EN 12790:2003

EN 12790:2002 (E)53.5junction linea) the intersection of the seat and the back, (see Figure 1a)KeyL)Junction lineFigure 1a – Determination of the junction lineb) when the seat is in the form of hammock, then a theoretical junction line, "L", is determined as shown infigure 1b).KeyL)Junction lineFigure 1b - Determination of the junction line for reclined cradles in form of hammock3.6folding mechanismmechanism intended to fold the reclined cradle3.7locking mechanismmechanism intended to prevent inadvertent folding3.8reclining mechanismmechanism intended to modify the inclination of the back or of the cradle3.9protected volumeThe protected volume is that volume as defined by the following procedure :SIST EN 12790:2003

EN 12790:2002 (E)6¾ place the test mass C device, see annex C, in the centre of the reclined cradle, its lower edge on the junctionline with the ball chain at the top and to the right side. If the reclined cradle is adjustable it shall be adjusted tothe most reclined position, as shown in figure 2 ;¾ the test device shall be restrained in position by the restraint system ;¾ the outer limit of the protected volume is defined by the outside of the ball at the end of the chain when movedin all directions while keeping the chain taught. All that volume between this outer limit and the reclined cradleis the protected volume ;¾ the measurement shall be repeated first with the test device positioned to the left side. Then repeat themeasurement on both sides with the reclined cradle adjusted to the most up right position.4 Properties of materials4.1 Chemical propertiesThe surface of any parts, plastic coatings or finishes shall comply with EN 71-3.4.2 Surface flashThere shall be no parts of the reclined cradle that can give rise to surface flash (as e.g. plush surfaces), whentested in accordance with EN 71-2.5 Construction5.1 GeneralIf not otherwise stated, all forces shall have an accuracy of ± 5 %, all masses an accuracy of ± 0,5 % ,alldimensions an accuracy of ± 0,5 mm and all angles ± 0,5°.Where the test masses in annex A are used, they shall be positioned in the reclined cradle as shown in figure 2and retained by the restraint system.The following requirements shall be fulfilled both before and after washing or cleaning and drying the fabrics twicein accordance with the manufacturers instructions. Any resulting shrinkage in the fabric covering materials shall notprevent them from being refitted, if removable, and shall not show any damage to the seams or fabrics that mayimpair the reclined cradles performance during testing.SIST EN 12790:2003

EN 12790:2002 (E)7KeyL)Junction lineFigure 2 - Positioning of the test mass5.2 Openings within the protected volumeThe reclined cradles shall have no open ended tubes in which a child’s finger can be trapped.There shall be no holes, openings or gaps with a width greater than 5 mm and less than 12 mm unless the depth ofpenetration is less than 10 mm on the support surface for the child.Holes, openings and gaps shall be measured using the cone applying a force of up to 30 N to the 5 mm cone andup to 5 N to the 12 mm cone.Test mass C given in annex C shall be placed in the product so that its base is flush with the junction line and in themiddle of the width before the holes, openings and gaps are measured.The assessment shall be undertaken with the product in a fixed position of use.Fastenings or restraint systems should be in the closed position when the product is assessed.5.3 Edges, points and cornersAll accessible edges, corners and protruding parts shall be designed so as to reduce the risk of inflicting wounds.Accessible edges and corners shall either comply with the examples given in figures 3a), 3b) or 3c), or if arisingfrom a wall thickness smaller than 4 mm, with one of the following requirements :¾ be chamfered or rounded ;¾ be folded, rolled or spiralled as shown in figure 3d) ;¾ be protected with a plastic coating or other adequate means as shown in figure 3e).All surfaces shall be smooth and free from burrs.SIST EN 12790:2003

EN 12790:2002 (E)8Dimensions are in millimetresFigure 3 - Examples for minimum radii of edges and cornersThe minimum radii shown in figure 3 do no apply to small components such as hinges, brackets and catches.5.4 Small partsIn order to avoid ingestion or inhalation of small objects, components intended to be removed by the child shall not,whatever their position, fit wholly within the small parts cylinder specified in EN 71-1 (see Figure 4).Non-detachable components, parts which are not intended to be removed, shall comply with one of the following :a) the components shall be so embedded that the child cannot grip them with its teeth or fingers (feeler gaugetest in EN 71-1 needs to be included to assess grippability) ;b) the components shall be so fixed to the product that they cannot become detached when tested in accordancewith the torque test and tension test from EN 71-1 ;c) any components which become detached when tested to b) above shall not fit wholly within the abovespecified cylinder in any orientation (see Figure 4).SIST EN 12790:2003


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