ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services - Part 31: Specific conditions for equipment in the 9 kHz to 315 kHz band for Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implants (ULP-AMI) and related peripheral devices (ULP-AMI-P) - Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU

The present document together with ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1] covers the assessment of all radio transceivers associated
with inductive Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implant (ULP-AMI) transmitters and receivers operating in the range
from 9 kHz to 315 kHz and any associated external radio apparatus (ULP-AMI-Ps) transmitting in the frequency range
of 9 kHz to 315 kHz including external programmers and patient related telecommunication devices in respect of
ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC). Non-radio parts of the above equipment may be covered by other directives
and/or standards when applicable.
Technical specifications related to the antenna port and emissions from the enclosure port of the radio systems of these
devices are not included in the present document. Such technical specifications are found in the relevant product
standards for the effective use of the radio spectrum.
The present document specifies the applicable test conditions, performance assessment, and performance criteria for
assessment of the radio communications link for ULP-AMI and ULP-AMI-Ps.
In case of differences (for instance concerning special conditions, definitions, abbreviations) between the present
document and ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], the provisions of the present document take precedence.
The environmental classification and the emission and immunity requirements used in the present document are as
stated in the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], except for any special conditions included in the present document.
The present document, together with ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], contains requirements to demonstrate an adequate level of
electromagnetic compatibility as set out in Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1].

Standard elektromagnetne združljivosti (EMC) za radijsko opremo in storitve - 31. del: Posebni pogoji za opremo za aktivne medicinske vsadke ultra majhnih moči (ULP-AMI) in pripadajoče periferne naprave (ULP-AMI-P), ki delujejo v frekvenčnem pasu od 9 kHz do 315 kHz - Harmonizirani standard, ki zajema bistvene zahteve člena 3.1(b) direktive 2014/53/EU

Ta dokument skupaj s standardom ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1] obravnava oceno vseh radijskih oddajno-sprejemnih naprav, povezanih z indukcijskimi oddajniki in sprejemniki aktivnih medicinskih vsadkov ultra majhnih moči (ULP-AMI), ki delujejo v območju od 9 kHz do 315 kHz, ter katerimi koli pripadajočimi perifernimi napravami (ULP-AMI-P), ki oddajajo v frekvenčnem območju od 9 kHz do 315 kHz, vključno z napravami za programiranje in telekomunikacijskimi napravami za bolnike, v zvezi z elektromagnetno združljivostjo (EMC). Dele zgornje opreme, ki niso radijski, lahko obravnavajo druge uredbe in/ali standardi, če je to ustrezno.
Ta dokument ne vključuje tehničnih specifikacij v zvezi z antenskim vhodom in sevanjem iz vhoda na ohišju radijskih sistemov teh naprav. Take tehnične specifikacije so navedene v ustreznem standardu za izdelek na področju učinkovite uporabe radijskega spektra.
Ta dokument določa veljavne preskusne pogoje, oceno zmogljivosti in kriterije zmogljivosti za povezavo radijske komunikacije za aktivne medicinske vsadke ultra majhnih moči in pripadajoče periferne naprave.
Če se ta dokument in standard ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1] razlikujeta (na primer glede posebnih pogojev, opredelitev, kratic), imajo prednost določbe tega dokumenta.
Okoljska razvrstitev ter zahteve glede sevanja in odpornosti iz tega dokumenta so navedene v standardu ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], razen posebnih pogojev iz tega dokumenta.
Ta dokument skupaj s standardom ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1] vključuje zahteve, s katerimi se dokazuje ustrezna raven elektromagnetne združljivosti, kot je določena v direktivi 2014/53/EU [i.1].

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
19-Jun-2017
Publication Date
14-Apr-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
15-Apr-2019
Due Date
20-Jun-2019
Completion Date
15-Apr-2019

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ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04) - ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 31: Specific conditions for equipment in the 9 kHz to 315 kHz band for Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implants (ULP-AMI) and related peripheral devices (ULP-AMI-P); Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU
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ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)
HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD
ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
standard for radio equipment and services;
Part 31: Specific conditions for equipment
in the 9 kHz to 315 kHz band for
Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implants (ULP-AMI)
and related peripheral devices (ULP-AMI-P);
Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements
of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)
Reference
REN/ERM-EMC-376
Keywords
EMC, harmonised standard, LF, radio, regulation,
short range
ETSI
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The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
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GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 6

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 6

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 7

3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................... 7

3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 7

3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Test conditions ......................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 Arrangements for test signals ............................................................................................................................. 8

4.2.0 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2.1 Arrangements for test signals at the input of transmitters ............................................................................. 8

4.2.2 Arrangements for test signals at the RF output of transmitters ..................................................................... 9

4.2.2.1 General .................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.2.2 ULP-AMI transmitters ............................................................................................................................ 9

4.2.2.3 ULP-AMI-P transmitters ......................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.3 Arrangements for test signals at the RF input of receivers ........................................................................... 9

4.2.4 Arrangements for test signals at the output of receivers ............................................................................... 9

4.2.5 Arrangements for testing transmitter and receiver together (as a system: ULP-AMI together with an

associated ULP-AMI-P) ............................................................................................................................... 9

4.3 RF exclusion band of radio equipment ............................................................................................................. 10

4.3.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 10

4.3.1 Exclusion bands for receiver ....................................................................................................................... 10

4.3.2 Exclusion band for transmitters .................................................................................................................. 10

4.4 Narrow band responses of receivers or receivers which are part of transceivers ............................................. 10

4.5 Normal test modulation .................................................................................................................................... 10

5 Performance assessment ......................................................................................................................... 10

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 10

5.2 Equipment which can provide a continuous communication link .................................................................... 11

5.3 Equipment which does not provide a continuous communication link ............................................................ 11

5.4 Ancillary equipment ......................................................................................................................................... 11

5.5 Equipment classification .................................................................................................................................. 11

6 Performance criteria ............................................................................................................................... 11

6.1 Classification of ULP-AMI and ULP-AMI-P .................................................................................................. 11

6.2 General performance criteria ............................................................................................................................ 12

6.3 Performance criteria and table .......................................................................................................................... 12

6.4 Performance criteria for continuous phenomena applied to transmitters ......................................................... 13

6.5 Performance criteria for transient phenomena applied to transmitters ............................................................. 13

6.6 Performance criteria for continuous phenomena applied to receivers .............................................................. 14

6.7 Performance criteria for transient phenomena applied to receivers .................................................................. 14

7 Applicability overview ........................................................................................................................... 14

7.1 EMC emission .................................................................................................................................................. 14

7.1.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 14

7.1.2 Special conditions ....................................................................................................................................... 14

7.2 Immunity .......................................................................................................................................................... 14

7.2.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 14

7.2.2 Special conditions ....................................................................................................................................... 15

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)

Annex A (informative): Relationship between the present document and the essential

requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU ......................................................... 18

Annex B (informative): Test fixture for ULP-AMI (Simulated man) ............................................... 20

Annex C (informative): Simultaneous testing of ULP-AMI/ULP-AMI-P and parts covered by

AIMD .............................................................................................................. 22

Annex D (informative): Change History .............................................................................................. 23

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 24

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

Foreword

This Harmonised European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Electromagnetic

compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM).

The present document has been prepared under the Commission's standardisation request C(2015) 5376 final [i.4] to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to the essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU on the harmonisation

of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing

Directive 1999/5/EC [i.1].

Once the present document is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive, compliance with

the normative clauses of the present document given in table A.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of the present

document, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that Directive and associated

EFTA regulations.

The present document is part 31 of a multi-part deliverable. Full details of the entire series can be found in part 1 [1].

National transposition dates
Date of adoption of this EN: 20 June 2017
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 31 July 2019
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 31 January 2020
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 31 January 2021
Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)
1 Scope

The present document together with ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1] covers the assessment of all radio transceivers associated

with inductive Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implant (ULP-AMI) transmitters and receivers operating in the range

from 9 kHz to 315 kHz and any associated external radio apparatus (ULP-AMI-Ps) transmitting in the frequency range

of 9 kHz to 315 kHz including external programmers and patient related telecommunication devices in respect of

ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC). Non-radio parts of the above equipment may be covered by other directives

and/or standards when applicable.

Technical specifications related to the antenna port and emissions from the enclosure port of the radio systems of these

devices are not included in the present document. Such technical specifications are found in the relevant product

standards for the effective use of the radio spectrum.

The present document specifies the applicable test conditions, performance assessment, and performance criteria for

assessment of the radio communications link for ULP-AMI and ULP-AMI-Ps.

In case of differences (for instance concerning special conditions, definitions, abbreviations) between the present

document and ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], the provisions of the present document take precedence.

The environmental classification and the emission and immunity requirements used in the present document are as

stated in the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], except for any special conditions included in the present document.

The present document, together with ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], contains requirements to demonstrate an adequate level of

electromagnetic compatibility as set out in Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1].
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are specific, identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number. Only the cited

version applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ETSI EN 301 489-1 (V2.2.0) (03-2017): "ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for

radio equipment and services; Part 1: Common technical requirements; Harmonised Standard

covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU and the essential

requirements of article 6 of Directive 2014/30/EU".

[2] ETSI EN 302 195 (V2.1.1) (06-2016): "Short Range Devices (SRD); Ultra Low Power Active

Medical Implants (ULP-AMI) and accessories (ULP-AMI-P) operating in the frequency range

9 kHz to 315 kHz Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the

Directive 2014/53/EU".

[3] CENELEC EN 61000-4-5 (2014): "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-5: Testing and

measurement techniques - Surge immunity test".
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
7 ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the council of 16 April 2014 on the

harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of

radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC.

[i.2] Camelia Gabriel: "Compilation of the dielectric properties of body tissues at RF and Microwave

Frequencies", Physics Department, Kings College, London WC2R 2LS, UK.
[i.3] Void.

[i.4] Commission Implementing Decision C(2015) 5376 final of 4.8.2015 on a standardisation request

to the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation and to the European

Telecommunications Standards Institute as regards radio equipment in support of Directive

2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council.
3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of the present document, the terms and definitions given in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], ETSI

EN 302 195 [2], Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] and the following apply, unless otherwise ascribed herein:

emission bandwidth: bandwidth between two points that are 20 dB down on either side of the frequency with the

maximum level in the modulation envelope

environmental profile: range of environmental conditions under which equipment within the scope of the present

document is required to comply with the provisions of the present document

H-field test antenna: electrically screened loop or equivalent antenna, with which the magnetic component of the field

can be measured

life supporting equipment: equipment or system that includes at least one function that is intended to actively keep

alive or resuscitate patients and the failure of which is likely to lead to serious injury or death of a patient

non-radio part: those portions of a device not used for communication via electromagnetic waves

radio part: that portion of a device used for communication via electromagnetic waves

Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implant (ULP-AMI): radio part of an active medical implant

Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implant Peripheral device (ULP-AMI-P): radio part of equipment outside the

human body, including body worn devices and monitors, used to program and/or control or receive data from an

ULP-AMI
3.2 Symbols

For the purposes of the present document, the symbols given in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], ETSI EN 302 195 [2] and

Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] apply.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
8 ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)
3.3 Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], ETSI EN 302 195 [2],

Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] and the following apply, unless otherwise ascribed herein:

AC Alternating Current
AIMD Active Implantable Medical Device
AMI Active Medical Implant
DC Direct Current
EMC ElectroMagnetic Compatibility
EUT Equipment Under Test
ISM Industria, Scientific and Medical
RF Radio Frequency
ULP-AMI Ultra Low Power-Active Medical Implant
ULP-AMI-P Ultra Low Power-Active Medical Implant Peripheral device
4 Test conditions
4.1 General

For the purposes of the present document, the test conditions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4 shall apply as

appropriate. Further product related test conditions for equipment covered by the scope of the present document are

specified herein.

For emission and immunity tests the normal test modulation, test arrangements, etc., as specified in the present

document, clauses 4.1 to 4.5 shall apply.

Whenever the Equipment Under Test (EUT) is provided with a detachable antenna, the EUT shall be tested with the

antenna fitted in a manner typical of normal intended use, unless otherwise specified. If the EUT can be used with

several types of antenna the test shall be repeated for each type of antenna.

Active Medical Implant inductive devices are designed to be implanted within a human body. These radio systems are

isolated from disturbances by the surrounding body tissue. In order to adequately assess the EMC characteristics of

active medical implants devices as they are intended to be used, the use of a simulated man is permitted. See annex B

for additional details. The provisions of annex B are intended to provide an operational environment that simulates, to

the extent possible, actual usage conditions for internal implanted devices. It may be necessary to use this or another

appropriate special fixture when making emission measurements and immunity tests with radiated RF fields.

4.2 Arrangements for test signals
4.2.0 General
The provisions of the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2 shall apply.
4.2.1 Arrangements for test signals at the input of transmitters

The provisions of the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.1 shall apply with the following modifications:

• The transmitter shall be modulated with normal test modulation as specified for that type of equipment

(clause 4.5). Where transmitters do not have a modulation input port, the internal equipment modulation shall

be used.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
9 ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)
4.2.2 Arrangements for test signals at the RF output of transmitters
4.2.2.1 General

The provisions of the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.2 shall apply with the following modification:

• The manufacturer may provide a suitable companion receiver or another device that can be used to set up a

communications link and/or to receive messages.
4.2.2.2 ULP-AMI transmitters
For ULP-AMI transmitters the test fixture described in annex B may be used.

The manufacturer shall provide a suitable receiver or alternate technique that can be used to monitor the medical

implant communications link.
4.2.2.3 ULP-AMI-P transmitters

The provisions of the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.2 shall apply with the following modifications:

• ULP-AMI-Ps are designed to be used external to a human body;

• the manufacturer shall provide a suitable receiver or alternate technique that can be used to monitor the

medical implant communications link.
4.2.3 Arrangements for test signals at the RF input of receivers

The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.3 shall apply with the following modifications:

• the wanted RF input signal, coupled to the receiver, shall be modulated with normal test modulation as

specified for that type of equipment (clause 4.5);

• the level of the wanted RF input signal shall be sufficiently above the threshold sensitivity level to provide

reliable communication of the receiver, but in all cases it shall be below the overload characteristics of the

receiver;

• the manufacturer shall provide a suitable transmitter that can be used to set up the medical implant

communications link if needed.
4.2.4 Arrangements for test signals at the output of receivers

The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.4 shall apply with the following modification, if appropriate:

If direct access to the receiver output of the ULP-AMI and associated ULP-AMI-P is not possible, then the

manufacturer shall provide the method by which the receiver's functionality can be monitored during the immunity

tests.
4.2.5 Arrangements for testing transmitter and receiver together
(as a system: ULP-AMI together with an associated ULP-AMI-P)

The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.5 shall apply with the following modification:

• The transmitter of an ULP-AMI and the receiver of an associated ULP-AMI-P or the receiver of an ULP-AMI

and the transmitter of an associated ULP-AMI-P may be tested together, if appropriate and agreed by the

manufacturer and the test laboratory (size of devices, etc.).

In this case both EUTs shall be located in their respective test environment and exposed simultaneously to the EMC

phenomena.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
10 ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)
4.3 RF exclusion band of radio equipment
4.3.0 General

The emission measurement and immunity test exclusions are referred to as "exclusion bands" and are defined in the

clauses 4.3.1 and 4.3.2.

The frequency, on which the EUT is intended to operate, shall be excluded from conducted and radiated RF immunity

tests.

The frequency on which the transmitter part of the EUT is intended to operate shall be excluded from emission

measurements when performed in transmit mode of operation.

During emission measurements, a frequency exclusion band does not apply for the receiver part of ULP-AMIs and/or

associated ULP-AMI-Ps.
4.3.1 Exclusion bands for receiver

No measurements for conducted and radiated RF immunity test shall be performed below 315 kHz.

Table 1: Void
4.3.2 Exclusion band for transmitters

For wide band transmitters, i.e. transmitters in a non-channelized frequency band, the exclusion band is twice the

intended operating frequency band (i.e. 315 kHz or less) centred on the centre frequency of the intended operating

frequency band.

In case the receiver and transmitter are tested together as a system (see clause 4.2.5) the exclusion band defined for

receiver or the exclusion band defined for transmitters shall be used, whichever is greater.

4.4 Narrow band responses of receivers or receivers which are
part of transceivers
The provision of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.4 shall apply.
4.5 Normal test modulation

The RF carrier shall be modulated with a test signal that produces specific selective messages or commands as stated by

the manufacturer, representing a practical selection of usable selective messages/commands. The manufacturer shall

declare the format of the modulation signal and any error detection and correction involved. Where transmitters do not

have a modulation input port, the internal equipment modulation is used.
5 Performance assessment
5.1 General
The provision of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 5.1 shall apply.

The manufacturer shall at the time of submission of the device(s) for test, supply the necessary general information as

requested in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 5.1. Additionally he shall supply the following product-related information:

• the class of the device selected by the manufacturer according to table 2 (see clause 6.1).

The performance assessment is dependent on whether the type of device is an ULP-AMI or an ULP-AMI-P.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
11 ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)
For both types of devices the performance assessment is based on:
• the maintenance of function(s);
• the way an eventual loss of function(s) can be recovered;
• the unintentional behaviour of the EUT.

For both types of devices it shall be possible to assess the performance by monitoring the intended functions before,

during and after the tests.
5.2 Equipment which can provide a continuous communication
link
The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 5.2 shall apply.
5.3 Equipment which does not provide a continuous
communication link
The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 5.3 shall apply.
5.4 Ancillary equipment
The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 5.4 are
...

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services - Part 31: Specific conditions for equipment in the 9 kHz to 315 kHz band for Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implants (ULP-AMI) and related peripheral devices (ULP-AMI-P) - Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU33.100.01Elektromagnetna združljivost na splošnoElectromagnetic compatibility in general33.060.20Sprejemna in oddajna opremaReceiving and transmitting equipment11.040.40Implantanti za kirurgijo, protetiko in ortetikoImplants for surgery, prosthetics and orthoticsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)SIST EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1:2019en01-junij-2019SIST EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1:2019SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1:2019

ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04) ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 31: Specific conditions for equipment in the 9 kHz to 315 kHz band for Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implants (ULP-AMI) and related peripheral devices (ULP-AMI-P); Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU

HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD SIST EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1:2019
ETSI ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)2

Reference REN/ERM-EMC-376 Keywords EMC, harmonised standard, LF, radio, regulation, short range ETSI 650 Route des Lucioles F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE

Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00
Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16

Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88

Important notice The present document can be downloaded from: http://www.etsi.org/standards-search The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the prevailing version of an ETSI deliverable is the one made publicly available in PDF format at www.etsi.org/deliver. Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status. Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at https://portal.etsi.org/TB/ETSIDeliverableStatus.aspx If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services: https://portal.etsi.org/People/CommiteeSupportStaff.aspx Copyright Notification No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI. The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI. The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.

© ETSI 2019. All rights reserved.

DECTTM, PLUGTESTSTM, UMTSTM and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members. 3GPPTM and LTETM are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners. oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the oneM2M Partners. GSM® and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association. SIST EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1:2019

ETSI ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)3 Contents Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5 Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5 Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 6 2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 6 2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 6 2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 7 3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................... 7 3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................................... 7 3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 7 3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 8 4 Test conditions ......................................................................................................................................... 8 4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................... 8 4.2 Arrangements for test signals ............................................................................................................................. 8 4.2.0 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 8 4.2.1 Arrangements for test signals at the input of transmitters ............................................................................. 8 4.2.2 Arrangements for test signals at the RF output of transmitters ..................................................................... 9 4.2.2.1 General .................................................................................................................................................... 9 4.2.2.2 ULP-AMI transmitters ............................................................................................................................ 9 4.2.2.3 ULP-AMI-P transmitters ......................................................................................................................... 9 4.2.3 Arrangements for test signals at the RF input of receivers ........................................................................... 9 4.2.4 Arrangements for test signals at the output of receivers ............................................................................... 9 4.2.5 Arrangements for testing transmitter and receiver together (as a system: ULP-AMI together with an associated ULP-AMI-P) ............................................................................................................................... 9 4.3 RF exclusion band of radio equipment ............................................................................................................. 10 4.3.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 10 4.3.1 Exclusion bands for receiver ....................................................................................................................... 10 4.3.2 Exclusion band for transmitters .................................................................................................................. 10 4.4 Narrow band responses of receivers or receivers which are part of transceivers ............................................. 10 4.5 Normal test modulation .................................................................................................................................... 10 5 Performance assessment ......................................................................................................................... 10 5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 10 5.2 Equipment which can provide a continuous communication link .................................................................... 11 5.3 Equipment which does not provide a continuous communication link ............................................................ 11 5.4 Ancillary equipment ......................................................................................................................................... 11 5.5 Equipment classification .................................................................................................................................. 11 6 Performance criteria ............................................................................................................................... 11 6.1 Classification of ULP-AMI and ULP-AMI-P .................................................................................................. 11 6.2 General performance criteria ............................................................................................................................ 12 6.3 Performance criteria and table .......................................................................................................................... 12 6.4 Performance criteria for continuous phenomena applied to transmitters ......................................................... 13 6.5 Performance criteria for transient phenomena applied to transmitters ............................................................. 13 6.6 Performance criteria for continuous phenomena applied to receivers .............................................................. 14 6.7 Performance criteria for transient phenomena applied to receivers .................................................................. 14 7 Applicability overview ........................................................................................................................... 14 7.1 EMC emission .................................................................................................................................................. 14 7.1.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 14 7.1.2 Special conditions ....................................................................................................................................... 14 7.2 Immunity .......................................................................................................................................................... 14 7.2.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 14 7.2.2 Special conditions ....................................................................................................................................... 15 SIST EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1:2019

ETSI ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)4 Annex A (informative): Relationship between the present document and the essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU ......................................................... 18 Annex B (informative): Test fixture for ULP-AMI (Simulated man) ............................................... 20 Annex C (informative): Simultaneous testing of ULP-AMI/ULP-AMI-P and parts covered by AIMD .............................................................................................................. 22 Annex D (informative): Change History .............................................................................................. 23 History .............................................................................................................................................................. 24

SIST EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1:2019

ETSI ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)5 Intellectual Property Rights Essential patents IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web server (https://ipr.etsi.org/). Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document. Trademarks The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners. ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks. Foreword This Harmonised European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM). The present document has been prepared under the Commission's standardisation request C(2015) 5376 final [i.4] to provide one voluntary means of conforming to the essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC [i.1]. Once the present document is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive, compliance with the normative clauses of the present document given in table A.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of the present document, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that Directive and associated EFTA regulations. The present document is part 31 of a multi-part deliverable. Full details of the entire series can be found in part 1 [1].

National transposition dates Date of adoption of this EN: 20 June 2017 Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 31 July 2019 Date of latest publication of new National Standard or endorsement of this EN (dop/e):

31 January 2020 Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 31 January 2021

Modal verbs terminology In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and "cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of provisions). "must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation. SIST EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1:2019

ETSI ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)6 1 Scope The present document together with ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1] covers the assessment of all radio transceivers associated with inductive Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implant (ULP-AMI) transmitters and receivers operating in the range from 9 kHz to 315 kHz and any associated external radio apparatus (ULP-AMI-Ps) transmitting in the frequency range of 9 kHz to 315 kHz including external programmers and patient related telecommunication devices in respect of ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC). Non-radio parts of the above equipment may be covered by other directives and/or standards when applicable. Technical specifications related to the antenna port and emissions from the enclosure port of the radio systems of these devices are not included in the present document. Such technical specifications are found in the relevant product standards for the effective use of the radio spectrum. The present document specifies the applicable test conditions, performance assessment, and performance criteria for assessment of the radio communications link for ULP-AMI and ULP-AMI-Ps. In case of differences (for instance concerning special conditions, definitions, abbreviations) between the present document and ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], the provisions of the present document take precedence. The environmental classification and the emission and immunity requirements used in the present document are as stated in the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], except for any special conditions included in the present document. The present document, together with ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], contains requirements to demonstrate an adequate level of electromagnetic compatibility as set out in Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1]. 2 References 2.1 Normative references References are specific, identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number. Only the cited version applies. Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/. NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee their long term validity. The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document. [1] ETSI EN 301 489-1 (V2.2.0) (03-2017): "ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 1: Common technical requirements; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU and the essential requirements of article 6 of Directive 2014/30/EU". [2] ETSI EN 302 195 (V2.1.1) (06-2016): "Short Range Devices (SRD); Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implants (ULP-AMI) and accessories (ULP-AMI-P) operating in the frequency range 9 kHz to 315 kHz Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU". [3] CENELEC EN 61000-4-5 (2014): "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-5: Testing and measurement techniques - Surge immunity test". SIST EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1:2019

ETSI ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)7 2.2 Informative references References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee their long term validity. The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the user with regard to a particular subject area. [i.1] Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the council of 16 April 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC. [i.2] Camelia Gabriel: "Compilation of the dielectric properties of body tissues at RF and Microwave Frequencies", Physics Department, Kings College, London WC2R 2LS, UK. [i.3] Void. [i.4] Commission Implementing Decision C(2015) 5376 final of 4.8.2015 on a standardisation request to the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation and to the European Telecommunications Standards Institute as regards radio equipment in support of Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council. 3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations 3.1 Definitions For the purposes of the present document, the terms and definitions given in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], ETSI EN 302 195 [2], Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] and the following apply, unless otherwise ascribed herein: emission bandwidth: bandwidth between two points that are 20 dB down on either side of the frequency with the maximum level in the modulation envelope environmental profile: range of environmental conditions under which equipment within the scope of the present document is required to comply with the provisions of the present document H-field test antenna: electrically screened loop or equivalent antenna, with which the magnetic component of the field can be measured life supporting equipment: equipment or system that includes at least one function that is intended to actively keep alive or resuscitate patients and the failure of which is likely to lead to serious injury or death of a patient non-radio part: those portions of a device not used for communication via electromagnetic waves radio part: that portion of a device used for communication via electromagnetic waves Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implant (ULP-AMI): radio part of an active medical implant Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implant Peripheral device (ULP-AMI-P): radio part of equipment outside the human body, including body worn devices and monitors, used to program and/or control or receive data from an ULP-AMI 3.2 Symbols For the purposes of the present document, the symbols given in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], ETSI EN 302 195 [2] and Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] apply. SIST EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1:2019

ETSI ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)8 3.3 Abbreviations For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], ETSI EN 302 195 [2], Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] and the following apply, unless otherwise ascribed herein: AC Alternating Current AIMD Active Implantable Medical Device AMI Active Medical Implant DC Direct Current EMC ElectroMagnetic Compatibility EUT Equipment Under Test ISM Industria, Scientific and Medical RF Radio Frequency ULP-AMI Ultra Low Power-Active Medical Implant ULP-AMI-P Ultra Low Power-Active Medical Implant Peripheral device 4 Test conditions 4.1 General For the purposes of the present document, the test conditions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4 shall apply as appropriate. Further product related test conditions for equipment covered by the scope of the present document are specified herein. For emission and immunity tests the normal test modulation, test arrangements, etc., as specified in the present document, clauses 4.1 to 4.5 shall apply. Whenever the Equipment Under Test (EUT) is provided with a detachable antenna, the EUT shall be tested with the antenna fitted in a manner typical of normal intended use, unless otherwise specified. If the EUT can be used with several types of antenna the test shall be repeated for each type of antenna. Active Medical Implant inductive devices are designed to be implanted within a human body. These radio systems are isolated from disturbances by the surrounding body tissue. In order to adequately assess the EMC characteristics of active medical implants devices as they are intended to be used, the use of a simulated man is permitted. See annex B for additional details. The provisions of annex B are intended to provide an operational environment that simulates, to the extent possible, actual usage conditions for internal implanted devices. It may be necessary to use this or another appropriate special fixture when making emission measurements and immunity tests with radiated RF fields. 4.2 Arrangements for test signals 4.2.0 General The provisions of the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2 shall apply. 4.2.1 Arrangements for test signals at the input of transmitters The provisions of the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.1 shall apply with the following modifications: • The transmitter shall be modulated with normal test modulation as specified for that type of equipment (clause 4.5). Where transmitters do not have a modulation input port, the internal equipment modulation shall be used. SIST EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1:2019

ETSI ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)9 4.2.2 Arrangements for test signals at the RF output of transmitters 4.2.2.1 General The provisions of the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.2 shall apply with the following modification: • The manufacturer may provide a suitable companion receiver or another device that can be used to set up a communications link and/or to receive messages. 4.2.2.2 ULP-AMI transmitters For ULP-AMI transmitters the test fixture described in annex B may be used. The manufacturer shall provide a suitable receiver or alternate technique that can be used to monitor the medical implant communications link. 4.2.2.3 ULP-AMI-P transmitters The provisions of the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.2 shall apply with the following modifications: • ULP-AMI-Ps are designed to be used external to a human body; • the manufacturer shall provide a suitable receiver or alternate technique that can be used to monitor the medical implant communications link. 4.2.3 Arrangements for test signals at the RF input of receivers The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.3 shall apply with the following modifications: • the wanted RF input signal, coupled to the receiver, shall be modulated with normal test modulation as specified for that type of equipment (clause 4.5); • the level of the wanted RF input signal shall be sufficiently above the threshold sensitivity level to provide reliable communication of the receiver, but in all cases it shall be below the overload characteristics of the receiver; • the manufacturer shall provide a suitable transmitter that can be used to set up the medical implant communications link if needed. 4.2.4 Arrangements for test signals at the output of receivers The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.4 shall apply with the following modification, if appropriate: If direct access to the receiver output of the ULP-AMI and associated ULP-AMI-P is not possible, then the manufacturer shall provide the method by which the receiver's functionality can be monitored during the immunity tests. 4.2.5 Arrangements for testing transmitter and receiver together (as a system: ULP-AMI together with an associated ULP-AMI-P) The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.5 shall apply with the following modification: • The transmitter of an ULP-AMI and the receiver of an associated ULP-AMI-P or the receiver of an ULP-AMI and the transmitter of an associated ULP-AMI-P may be tested together, if appropriate and agreed by the manufacturer and the test laboratory (size of devices, etc.). In this case both EUTs shall be located in their respective test environment and exposed simultaneously to the EMC phenomena. SIST EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1:2019

ETSI ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)10 4.3 RF exclusion band of radio equipment 4.3.0 General The emission measurement and immunity test exclusions are referred to as "exclusion bands" and are defined in the clauses 4.3.1 and 4.3.2. The frequency, on which the EUT is intended to operate, shall be excluded from conducted and radiated RF immunity tests. The frequency on which the transmitter part of the EUT is intended to operate shall be excluded from emission measurements when performed in transmit mode of operation. During emission measurements, a frequency exclusion band does not apply for the receiver part of ULP-AMIs and/or associated ULP-AMI-Ps. 4.3.1 Exclusion bands for receiver No measurements for conducted and radiated RF immunity test shall be performed below 315 kHz. Table 1: Void 4.3.2 Exclusion band for transmitters For wide band transmitters, i.e. transmitters in a non-channelized frequency band, the exclusion band is twice the intended operating frequency band (i.e. 315 kHz or less) centred on the centre frequency of the intended operating frequency band. In case the receiver and transmitter are tested together as a system (see clause 4.2.5) the exclusion band defined for receiver or the exclusion band defined for transmitters shall be used, whichever is greater. 4.4 Narrow band responses of receivers or receivers which are part of transceivers The provision of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.4 shall apply. 4.5 Normal test modulation The RF carrier shall be modulated with a test signal that produces specific selective messages or commands as stated by the manufacturer, representing a practical selection of usable selective messages/commands. The manufacturer shall declare the format of the modulation signal and any error detection and correction involved. Where transmitters do not have a modulation input port, the internal equipment modulation is used. 5 Performance assessment 5.1 General The provision of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 5.1 shall apply. The manufacturer shall at the time of submission of the device(s) for test, supply the necessary general information as requested in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 5.1. Additionally he shall supply the following product-related information: • the class of the device selected by the manufacturer according to table 2 (see clause 6.1). The performance assessment is dependent on whether the type of device is an ULP-AMI or an ULP-AMI-P. SIST EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1:2019

ETSI ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.1 (2019-04)11 For both types of devices the performance assessment is based on: • the maintenance of function(s); • the way an eventual loss of function(s) can be recovered; • the unintentional behaviour of the EUT. For both types of devices it shall be possible to assess the performance by monitoring the intended functions before, during and after the tests. 5.2 Equipment which can provide a continuous communi

...

Draft ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.0 (2017-03)
HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD
ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
standard for radio equipment and services;
Part 31: Specific conditions for equipment
in the 9 kHz to 315 kHz band for
Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implants (ULP-AMI)
and related peripheral devices (ULP-AMI-P);
Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements
of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 Draft ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.0 (2017-03)
Reference
REN/ERM-EMC-376
Keywords
EMC, harmonised standard, LF, radio, regulation,
short range
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the only prevailing document is the

print of the Portable Document Format (PDF) version kept on a specific network drive within ETSI Secretariat.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

https://portal.etsi.org/TB/ETSIDeliverableStatus.aspx

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

https://portal.etsi.org/People/CommiteeSupportStaff.aspx
Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying

and microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2017.
All rights reserved.
TM TM TM

DECT , PLUGTESTS , UMTS and the ETSI logo are Trade Marks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP and LTE™ are Trade Marks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

GSM® and the GSM logo are Trade Marks registered and owned by the GSM Association.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 Draft ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.0 (2017-03)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 6

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 6

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 7

3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................... 7

3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 7

3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Test conditions ......................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 Arrangements for test signals ............................................................................................................................. 8

4.2.0 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2.1 Arrangements for test signals at the input of transmitters ............................................................................. 8

4.2.2 Arrangements for test signals at the RF output of transmitters ..................................................................... 9

4.2.2.1 General .................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.2.2 ULP-AMI transmitters ............................................................................................................................ 9

4.2.2.3 ULP-AMI-P transmitters ......................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.3 Arrangements for test signals at the RF input of receivers ........................................................................... 9

4.2.4 Arrangements for test signals at the output of receivers ............................................................................... 9

4.2.5 Arrangements for testing transmitter and receiver together (as a system: ULP-AMI together with an

associated ULP-AMI-P) ............................................................................................................................... 9

4.3 RF exclusion band of radio equipment ............................................................................................................. 10

4.3.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 10

4.3.1 Exclusion bands for receiver ....................................................................................................................... 10

4.3.2 Exclusion band for transmitters .................................................................................................................. 10

4.4 Narrow band responses of receivers or receivers which are part of transceivers ............................................. 10

4.5 Normal test modulation .................................................................................................................................... 10

5 Performance assessment ......................................................................................................................... 10

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 10

5.2 Equipment which can provide a continuous communication link .................................................................... 11

5.3 Equipment which does not provide a continuous communication link ............................................................ 11

5.4 Ancillary equipment ......................................................................................................................................... 11

5.5 Equipment classification .................................................................................................................................. 11

6 Performance criteria ............................................................................................................................... 11

6.1 Classification of ULP-AMI and ULP-AMI-P .................................................................................................. 11

6.2 General performance criteria ............................................................................................................................ 12

6.3 Performance criteria and table .......................................................................................................................... 12

6.4 Performance criteria for continuous phenomena applied to transmitters ......................................................... 13

6.5 Performance criteria for transient phenomena applied to transmitters ............................................................. 13

6.6 Performance criteria for continuous phenomena applied to receivers .............................................................. 14

6.7 Performance criteria for transient phenomena applied to receivers .................................................................. 14

7 Applicability overview ........................................................................................................................... 14

7.1 EMC emission .................................................................................................................................................. 14

7.1.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 14

7.1.2 Special conditions ....................................................................................................................................... 14

7.2 Immunity .......................................................................................................................................................... 14

7.2.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 14

7.2.2 Special conditions ....................................................................................................................................... 15

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 Draft ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.0 (2017-03)

Annex A (informative): Relationship between the present document and the essential

requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU ......................................................... 18

Annex B (informative): Test fixture for ULP-AMI (Simulated man) ............................................... 20

Annex C (informative): Simultaneous testing of ULP-AMI/ULP-AMI-P and parts covered by

AIMD .............................................................................................................. 22

Annex D (informative): Change History .............................................................................................. 23

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 24

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 Draft ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.0 (2017-03)
Intellectual Property Rights

IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Foreword

This draft Harmonised European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Electromagnetic

compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM), and is now submitted for the combined Public Enquiry and Vote

phase of the ETSI standards EN Approval Procedure.

The present document has been prepared under the Commission's standardisation request C(2015) 5376 final [i.4] to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to the essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU on the harmonisation

of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing

Directive 1999/5/EC [i.1].

Once the present document is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive, compliance with

the normative clauses of the present document given in table A.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of the present

document, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that Directive and associated

EFTA regulations.

The present document is part 31 of a multi-part deliverable. Full details of the entire series can be found in part 1 [1].

Proposed national transposition dates
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 3 months after ETSI publication
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 6 months after doa

Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 18 months after doa

Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
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6 Draft ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.0 (2017-03)
1 Scope

The present document together with ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1] covers the assessment of all radio transceivers associated

with inductive Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implant (ULP-AMI) transmitters and receivers operating in the range

from 9 kHz to 315 kHz and any associated external radio apparatus (ULP-AMI-Ps) transmitting in the frequency range

of 9 kHz to 315 kHz including external programmers and patient related telecommunication devices in respect of

ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC). Non-radio parts of the above equipment may be covered by other directives

and/or standards when applicable.

Technical specifications related to the antenna port and emissions from the enclosure port of the radio systems of these

devices are not included in the present document. Such technical specifications are found in the relevant product

standards for the effective use of the radio spectrum.

The present document specifies the applicable test conditions, performance assessment, and performance criteria for

assessment of the radio communications link for ULP-AMI and ULP-AMI-Ps.

In case of differences (for instance concerning special conditions, definitions, abbreviations) between the present

document and ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], the provisions of the present document take precedence.

The environmental classification and the emission and immunity requirements used in the present document are as

stated in the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], except for any special conditions included in the present document.

The present document, together with ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], contains requirements to demonstrate an adequate level of

electromagnetic compatibility as set out in Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1].
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are specific, identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number. Only the cited

version applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ETSI EN 301 489-1 (V2.2.0) (03-2017): "ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for

radio equipment and services; Part 1: Common technical requirements; Harmonised Standard

covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU and the essential

requirements of article 6 of Directive 2014/30/EU".

[2] ETSI EN 302 195 (V2.0.1) (03-2016): "Short Range Devices (SRD); Ultra Low Power Active

Medical Implants (ULP-AMI) and accessories (ULP-AMI-P) operating in the frequency range

9 kHz to 315 kHz Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the

Directive 2014/53/EU".

[3] CENELEC EN 61000-4-5 (2014): "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-5: Testing and

measurement techniques - Surge immunity test".
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7 Draft ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.0 (2017-03)
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the council of 16 April 2014 on the

harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of

radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC.

[i.2] Camelia Gabriel: "Compilation of the dielectric properties of body tissues at RF and Microwave

Frequencies", Physics Department, Kings College, London WC2R 2LS, UK.
[i.3] Void.

[i.4] Commission Implementing Decision C(2015) 5376 final of 4.8.2015 on a standardisation request

to the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation and to the European

Telecommunications Standards Institute as regards radio equipment in support of Directive

2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council.
3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of the present document, the terms and definitions given in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], ETSI

EN 302 195 [2], Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] and the following apply, unless otherwise ascribed herein:

emission bandwidth: bandwidth between two points that are 20 dB down on either side of the frequency with the

maximum level in the modulation envelope

environmental profile: range of environmental conditions under which equipment within the scope of the present

document is required to comply with the provisions of the present document

H-field test antenna: electrically screened loop or equivalent antenna, with which the magnetic component of the field

can be measured

life supporting equipment: equipment or system that includes at least one function that is intended to actively keep

alive or resuscitate patients and the failure of which is likely to lead to serious injury or death of a patient

non-radio part: those portions of a device not used for communication via electromagnetic waves

radio part: that portion of a device used for communication via electromagnetic waves

Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implant (ULP-AMI): radio part of an active medical implant

Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implant Peripheral device (ULP-AMI-P): radio part of equipment outside the

human body, including body worn devices and monitors, used to program and/or control or receive data from an

ULP-AMI
3.2 Symbols

For the purposes of the present document, the symbols given in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], ETSI EN 302 195 [2] and

Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] apply.
ETSI
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8 Draft ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.0 (2017-03)
3.3 Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], ETSI EN 302 195 [2] and

Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] and the following apply, unless otherwise ascribed herein:

AC Alternating Current
AIMD Active Implantable Medical Device
AMI Active Medical Implant
DC Direct Current
EMC ElectroMagnetic Compatibility
EUT Equipment Under Test
ISM Industria, Scientific and Medical
RF Radio Frequency
ULP-AMI Ultra Low Power-Active Medical Implant
ULP-AMI-P Ultra Low Power-Active Medical Implant Peripheral device
4 Test conditions
4.1 General

For the purposes of the present document, the test conditions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4 shall apply as

appropriate. Further product related test conditions for equipment covered by the scope of the present document are

specified herein.

For emission and immunity tests the normal test modulation, test arrangements, etc., as specified in the present

document, clauses 4.1 to 4.5 shall apply.

Whenever the Equipment Under Test (EUT) is provided with a detachable antenna, the EUT shall be tested with the

antenna fitted in a manner typical of normal intended use, unless otherwise specified. If the EUT can be used with

several types of antenna the test shall be repeated for each type of antenna.

Active Medical Implant inductive devices are designed to be implanted within a human body. These radio systems are

isolated from disturbances by the surrounding body tissue. In order to adequately assess the EMC characteristics of

active medical implants devices as they are intended to be used, the use of a simulated man is permitted. See annex B

for additional details. The provisions of annex B are intended to provide an operational environment that simulates, to

the extent possible, actual usage conditions for internal implanted devices. It may be necessary to use this or another

appropriate special fixture when making emission measurements and immunity tests with radiated RF fields.

4.2 Arrangements for test signals
4.2.0 General
The provisions of the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2 shall apply.
4.2.1 Arrangements for test signals at the input of transmitters

The provisions of the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.1 shall apply with the following modifications:

• The transmitter shall be modulated with normal test modulation as specified for that type of equipment

(clause 4.5). Where transmitters do not have a modulation input port, the internal equipment modulation shall

be used.
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9 Draft ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.0 (2017-03)
4.2.2 Arrangements for test signals at the RF output of transmitters
4.2.2.1 General

The provisions of the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.2 shall apply with the following modification:

• The manufacturer may provide a suitable companion receiver or another device that can be used to set up a

communications link and/or to receive messages.
4.2.2.2 ULP-AMI transmitters
For ULP-AMI transmitters the test fixture described in annex B may be used.

The manufacturer shall provide a suitable receiver or alternate technique that can be used to monitor the medical

implant communications link.
4.2.2.3 ULP-AMI-P transmitters

The provisions of the ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.2 shall apply with the following modifications:

• ULP-AMI-Ps are designed to be used external to a human body;

• the manufacturer shall provide a suitable receiver or alternate technique that can be used to monitor the

medical implant communications link.
4.2.3 Arrangements for test signals at the RF input of receivers

The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.3 shall apply with the following modifications:

• the wanted RF input signal, coupled to the receiver, shall be modulated with normal test modulation as

specified for that type of equipment (clause 4.5);

• the level of the wanted RF input signal shall be sufficiently above the threshold sensitivity level to provide

reliable communication of the receiver, but in all cases it shall be below the overload characteristics of the

receiver;

• the manufacturer shall provide a suitable transmitter that can be used to set up the medical implant

communications link if needed.
4.2.4 Arrangements for test signals at the output of receivers

The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.4 shall apply with the following modification, if appropriate:

If direct access to the receiver output of the ULP-AMI and associated ULP-AMI-P is not possible, then the

manufacturer shall provide the method by which the receiver's functionality can be monitored during the immunity

tests.
4.2.5 Arrangements for testing transmitter and receiver together
(as a system: ULP-AMI together with an associated ULP-AMI-P)

The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.2.5 shall apply with the following modification:

• The transmitter of an ULP-AMI and the receiver of an associated ULP-AMI-P or the receiver of an ULP-AMI

and the transmitter of an associated ULP-AMI-P may be tested together, if appropriate and agreed by the

manufacturer and the test laboratory (size of devices, etc.).

In this case both EUTs shall be located in their respective test environment and exposed simultaneously to the EMC

phenomena.
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10 Draft ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.0 (2017-03)
4.3 RF exclusion band of radio equipment
4.3.0 General

The emission measurement and immunity test exclusions are referred to as "exclusion bands" and are defined in the

clauses 4.3.1 and 4.3.2.

The frequency, on which the EUT is intended to operate, shall be excluded from conducted and radiated RF immunity

tests.

The frequency on which the transmitter part of the EUT is intended to operate shall be excluded from emission

measurements when performed in transmit mode of operation.

During emission measurements, a frequency exclusion band does not apply for the receiver part of ULP-AMIs and/or

associated ULP-AMI-Ps.
4.3.1 Exclusion bands for receiver

No measurements for conducted and radiated RF immunity test shall be performed below 315 kHz.

Table 1: Void
4.3.2 Exclusion band for transmitters

For wide band transmitters, i.e. transmitters in a non-channelized frequency band, the exclusion band is twice the

intended operating frequency band (i.e. 315 kHz or less) centred on the centre frequency of the intended operating

frequency band.

In case the receiver and transmitter are tested together as a system (see clause 4.2.5) the exclusion band defined for

receiver or the exclusion band defined for transmitters shall be used, whichever is greater.

4.4 Narrow band responses of receivers or receivers which are
part of transceivers
The provision of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 4.4 shall apply.
4.5 Normal test modulation

The RF carrier shall be modulated with a test signal that produces specific selective messages or commands as stated by

the manufacturer, representing a practical selection of usable selective messages/commands. The manufacturer shall

declare the format of the modulation signal and any error detection and correction involved. Where transmitters do not

have a modulation input port, the internal equipment modulation is used.
5 Performance assessment
5.1 General
The provision of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 5.1 shall apply.

The manufacturer shall at the time of submission of the device(s) for test, supply the necessary general information as

requested in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 5.1. Additionally he shall supply the following product-related information:

• the class of the device selected by the manufacturer according to table 2 (see clause 6.1).

The performance assessment is dependent on whether the type of device is an ULP-AMI or an ULP-AMI-P.

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11 Draft ETSI EN 301 489-31 V2.2.0 (2017-03)
For both types of devices the performance assessment is based on:
• the maintenance of function(s);
• the way an eventual loss of function(s) can be recovered;
• the unintentional behaviour of the EUT.

For both types of devices it shall be possible to assess the performance by monitoring the intended functions before,

during and after the tests.
5.2 Equipment which can provide a continuous communication
link
The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 5.2 shall apply.
5.3 Equipment which does not provide a continuous
communication link
The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 5.3 shall apply.
5.4 Ancillary equipment
The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 5.4 are not applicable.
5.5 Equipment classification

The provisions of ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], clause 5.5 shall apply with the following modifications.

For the purpose of EMC performance assessment in the present document, the radio devices/equipment and/or

associated ancillary devices/equipment shall be classified into one of the followin

...

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