Child use and care articles - Guidelines for the safety of children’s slings

This Technical Report covers a product which is designed to carry a child solely on the carer’s torso, which does
not have integrated openings for the child’s limbs and is designed to allow the carer a hands-free operation when
standing and/or walking.
An integrated leg opening is an opening for the child’s legs which exists in the product prior to installation on the
carer’s torso. A leg opening which is formed when the carer wears the product is not an integrated opening.
Children’s slings are not covered by EN 13209-1 and EN 13209-2.

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Leitfaden zur Sicherheit von Babytragetüchern

Articles de puériculture - Lignes directrices pour la sécurité des écharpes porte-enfants

Le présent Rapport technique concerne un produit qui est conçu pour porter un seul enfant contre le buste de l’adulte porteur, qui n’est pas muni d’ouvertures intégrées pour laisser passer les membres de l’enfant et qui est conçu pour permettre à l’adulte porteur de garder les mains libres en position debout et/ou de marche.
On désigne par « ouverture intégrée pour les jambes » une ouverture permettant de faire passer les jambes de l’enfant qui est présente dans le produit avant l’installation sur le buste de l’adulte porteur. Une ouverture pour les jambes qui est formée lorsque l’adulte porteur porte le produit n’est pas une ouverture intégrée.
Les écharpes porte-enfants ne sont pas couvertes par l’EN 13209-1 et -2.

Izdelki za otroke - Smernice za varnost cul za nošenje otrok

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
08-Apr-2015
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
17-Mar-2015
Due Date
22-May-2015
Completion Date
09-Apr-2015

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TP CEN/TR 16512:2015
01-maj-2015
Izdelki za otroke - Smernice za varnost cul za nošenje otrok
Child use and care articles - Guidelines for the safety of children’s slings

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Leitfaden zur Sicherheit von Babytragetüchern

Articles de puériculture - Lignes directrices pour la sécurité des écharpes porte-enfants

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TR 16512:2015
ICS:
97.190 Otroška oprema Equipment for children
SIST-TP CEN/TR 16512:2015 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TP CEN/TR 16512:2015
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SIST-TP CEN/TR 16512:2015
TECHNICAL REPORT
CEN/TR 16512
RAPPORT TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHER BERICHT
February 2015
ICS 97.190
English Version
Child use and care articles - Guidelines for the safety of
children's slings

Articles de puériculture - Lignes directrices pour la sécurité Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Leitfaden zur

des écharpes porte-enfants Sicherheit von Babytragetüchern

This Technical Report was approved by CEN on 9 September 2014. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 252.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TR 16512:2015 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST-TP CEN/TR 16512:2015
CEN/TR 16512:2015 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 3

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 4

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 5

3 Chemical hazards ................................................................................................................................. 5

4 Thermal hazards ................................................................................................................................... 5

5 Choking and ingestion hazards .......................................................................................................... 6

6 Entrapment hazards for fingers in mesh ............................................................................................ 6

7 Entanglement hazards .......................................................................................................................... 6

8 Suffocation hazards .............................................................................................................................. 6

9 Structural integrity ................................................................................................................................ 7

10 Product information .............................................................................................................................. 7

10.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 7

10.2 Marking .................................................................................................................................................. 7

10.3 Purchase information ........................................................................................................................... 7

10.4 Instructions for use .............................................................................................................................. 7

10.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 7

10.4.2 Instructions for use .............................................................................................................................. 8

10.4.3 Additional information .......................................................................................................................... 8

Annex A (normative) Requirements and test methods which can be used to assess the safety of

children’s slings .................................................................................................................................... 9

A.1 Chemical hazards ................................................................................................................................. 9

A.1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 9

A.1.2 Test methods for determining levels of chemicals in coatings and finishes ................................. 9

A.1.3 Requirements and test methods for formaldehyde .......................................................................... 9

A.2 Thermal hazards ................................................................................................................................. 10

A.2.1 Requirements and test method for flammability ............................................................................. 10

A.2.2 Requirements and test method for surface flash ............................................................................ 10

A.3 Choking and ingestion hazards ........................................................................................................ 10

A.3.1 Requirements for small components ............................................................................................... 10

A.3.2 Test methods and equipment ............................................................................................................ 10

A.4 Entrapment hazards for fingers in mesh .......................................................................................... 12

A.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 12

A.4.2 Test method ......................................................................................................................................... 12

A.5 Entanglement hazards ........................................................................................................................ 12

A.5.1 Requirements for entanglement hazards ......................................................................................... 12

A.5.2 Test methods for entanglement hazards .......................................................................................... 12

A.6 Suffocation hazards — Requirements for packaging ..................................................................... 13

A.7 Structural integrity .............................................................................................................................. 14

A.7.1 Static strength ..................................................................................................................................... 14

A.7.2 Durability .............................................................................................................................................. 14

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 17

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CEN/TR 16512:2015 (E)
Foreword

This document (CEN/TR 16512:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 252 "Child use and

care articles", the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

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CEN/TR 16512:2015 (E)
Introduction

This Technical Report has been produced to provide safety guidance for designers, manufacturers, suppliers

and users of slings which are products designed to carry a child solely on the carer’s torso.

Slings are similar to soft carriers which are also designed to carry a child on the carer’s torso, the main

differences are that slings do not have integral openings for the child’s limbs and form their structure only when

attached to the carer’s torso. Slings consist of a variety of designs ranging from a hammock shaped product

suspended on the carer’s torso to a length of material wrapped around the carer’s body. Because of this wide

variety of designs, which in many cases can result in an unstructured product, it has proven very difficult to draft

a safety standard similar to that for EN 13209-2, Child use and care articles — Baby carriers — Safety

requirements and test methods — Part 2: Soft carrier.

These guidelines have been drafted to address potential hazards associated with slings. Where there are similar

hazards to those associated with soft carriers, these have been identified. Any requirements and test methods

which are given in EN 13209-2 and are appropriate to slings are detailed in Annex A. Any other requirements

and test methods from other standards which are also appropriate to slings have also been included in Annex A.

The bibliography contains a list of standards that have been considered when drafting this Technical Report.

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CEN/TR 16512:2015 (E)
1 Scope

This Technical Report covers a product which is designed to carry a child solely on the carer’s torso, which does

not have integrated openings for the child’s limbs and is designed to allow the carer a hands-free operation when

standing and/or walking.

An integrated leg opening is an opening for the child’s legs which exists in the product prior to installation on the

carer’s torso. A leg opening which is formed when the carer wears the product is not an integrated opening.

Children’s slings are not covered by EN 13209-1 and EN 13209-2.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable

for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition

of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 71-1, Safety of toys — Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties
EN 71-3, Safety of toys — Part 3: Migration of certain elements

EN 13209-2, Child use and care articles — Baby carriers — Safety requirements and test methods — Part 2:

Soft carrier

EN ISO 14184-1, Textiles — Determination of formaldehyde — Part 1: Free and hydrolysed formaldehyde (water

extraction method) (ISO 14184-1)
3 Chemical hazards

Harmful toxic chemicals can enter a child’s body by ingestion and inhalation. Information detailing chemical

hazards and their risk to young children can be found in CEN/TR 13387:2004, Clause 2.

The chemical hazards and risks for a sling are very similar to those of a soft carrier. Subclause A.1.1 states the

requirements given in EN 13209–2, which are used to address the hazards related to the ingestion of harmful

chemicals by a child. Subclause A.1.2 references the test method which is used to determine the toxic content of

these chemicals.

EN 13209-2 does not address the hazard of inhalation of formaldehyde. As slings may envelop the child, the

level of formaldehyde in the materials used should be controlled. Subclause A.1.3 references the standard which

details the requirements and test methods for the assessment of the level of formaldehyde.

4 Thermal hazards

Thermal hazards include hazards associated with flammability, the burning characteristics of materials and

overheating (hyperthermia) or exposure of a child to very low temperatures (hypothermia).

As slings may be used by the carer in and around the home, possibly near a naked flame, the flammability of the

materials used in slings and their burning characteristics should be controlled. Subclause A.2.1 gives the

requirements for the rate of spread of the flame and references the standard which details the test method.

Materials with a surface pile may be subject to surface flash which could occur if cigarette ash or a spark lands

on the sling. Subclause A.2.2 references the standard which details the requirements and test methods to

assess surface flash.

Overheating or hyperthermia, is a rise in the child’s core temperature. This could occur if the child becomes too

hot particularly in a sling which encompasses the child’s body. Consideration should be given to the type of

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CEN/TR 16512:2015 (E)

material used for the sling and to the product information which should alert the carer to the potential hazard of

the child becoming too hot.

The lowering of the child’s body temperature, hypothermia, is less likely to be a hazard.

5 Choking and ingestion hazards

Both choking and ingestion hazards can occur if a child puts small objects into their mouth and either attempts to

swallow them or actually swallows them.

Choking occurs when a child’s internal airways become blocked and their breathing is impeded. This is a serious

hazard as air cannot pass into a child’s lungs and irreversible brain damage can occur.

Ingestion of small objects which pass into the child’s stomach can cause internal blockages.

Where possible it is preferable to avoid the use of small objects attached to the sling. If however small objects

are used, they should be firmly attached to the product and there should be no possibility of them detaching

and/or breaking into small pieces.

Choking and ingestion hazards have been addressed for soft carriers. Clause A.3 gives the requirements and

test methods detailed in EN 13209–2 which are used to address these hazards.
6 Entrapment hazards for fingers in mesh

If a child’s finger becomes stuck in an opening, the flow of blood to the finger may be reduced. Slings should be

designed to eliminate openings in mesh where fingers could be trapped.

Clause A.4 gives the requirements and test method to address the hazards associated with the entrapment of a

child’s finger in mesh.
7 Entanglement hazards
If a child becomes entangled in a product, strangulation can occur.

Any cords, ribbons or similar parts should have their length limited so that they cannot encircle a child’s neck.

Clause A.5 gives the requirements and test method for the determination of the safety of the length of cords

Any loops should be sufficiently small so that they cannot pass over the child’s head. Clause A.5 gives the

requirements and a test method t
...

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