Fibre-cement profiled sheets and fittings - Product specification and test methods

This document specifies the technical requirements and establishes methods of control and test as well as acceptance conditions for fibre-cement profiled sheets and their fibre-cement fittings for one or more of the following uses: - roofing; - internal wall finishes; - external wall and ceiling finishes.

Faserzement-Wellplatten und dazugehörige Formteile - Produktspezifikation und Prüfverfahren

Dieses Dokument legt die technischen Anforderungen an und die Verfahren zur Kontrolle und Prüfung sowie die Abnahmebedingungen für Faserzement-Wellplatten und dazugehörige Faserzement-Formteile für einen oder mehrere der folgenden Verwendungszwecke fest:
-   Bedachungen;
-   Innenwandverkleidungen;
-   Außenwand- und Deckenverkleidungen.
Für die Anwendung dieses Dokumentes werden Faserzement-Wellplatten nach ihrer Wellenhöhe und ihren mechanischen Eigenschaften klassifiziert.
Dieses Dokument erstreckt sich auf Faserzement-Wellplatten mit oder ohne werksmäßig aufgebrachte(r) Beschichtung, die mit Fasern unterschiedlicher Art, wie in 5.1.1 festgelegt, bewehrt sind.
Diese Norm enthält keine Berechnungen zu Bauleistungen, Anforderungen an die Ausführung, Verlegever-fahren, Windsogsicherheit oder Regensicherheit der verlegten Produkte.
ANMERKUNG   Einige dieser Anforderungen können nach Abstimmung zwischen Hersteller und Abnehmer auf gekrümmte Wellplatten angewendet werden.

Plaques profilées en fibres-ciment et accessoires - Spécifications du produit et méthodes d'essai

Le présent document spécifie les exigences techniques et établit les méthodes de contrôle et d'essai ainsi que les conditions de réception des plaques profilées en fibres-ciment et de leurs accessoires en fibres-ciment utilisés pour un ou plusieurs usages suivants :
-   la toiture ;
-   la finition des murs intérieurs ;
-   la finition des murs extérieurs et des plafonds.
Pour les besoins du présent document, les plaques profilées en fibres-ciment ont été classées en fonction de leur hauteur d'onde et de leurs caractéristiques mécaniques.
Le présent document s'applique aux plaques profilées en fibres-ciment renforcées à l'aide de fibres de types différents, telles que spécifiées en 5.1.1, avec ou sans revêtement appliqué en usine.
Le présent document n'inclut pas les calculs relatifs aux travaux, aux exigences de conception, aux techniques de pose, aux soulèvements par le vent ou à l'étanchéité à la pluie des produits déjà posés.
NOTE   Certaines de ces exigences peuvent être appliquées aux plaques cintrées, après accord entre le fabricant et l'acheteur.

Vlaknato-cementne valovite strešne plošče in fazonski kosi - Specifikacija za izdelek in preskusne metode

Ta dokument določa tehnične zahteve in metode za nadzor ter preskusne metode in pogoje za sprejem za vlaknato-cementne valovite strešne plošče ter njihove vlaknato-cementne fazonske kose za eno ali več navedenih vrst uporabe: – prekrivanje streh; – zaključke notranjih sten; – zaključke zunanjih sten in stropov.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Public Enquiry End Date
24-Dec-2010
Publication Date
04-Mar-2013
Withdrawal Date
18-Oct-2015
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
16-Oct-2015
Due Date
08-Nov-2015
Completion Date
19-Oct-2015

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 494:2013
01-april-2013
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 494:2005+A3:2007
9ODNQDWRFHPHQWQHYDORYLWHVWUHãQHSORãþHLQID]RQVNLNRVL6SHFLILNDFLMD]D
L]GHOHNLQSUHVNXVQHPHWRGH

Fibre-cement profiled sheets and fittings - Product specification and test methods

Faserzement-Wellplatten und dazugehörige Formteile - Produktspezifikation und
Prüfverfahren

Plaques profilées en fibres-ciment et accessoires - Spécifications du produit et méthodes

d'essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 494:2012
ICS:
91.060.20 Strehe Roofs
91.100.40 &HPHQWQLL]GHONLRMDþDQL] Products in fibre-reinforced
YODNQL cement
SIST EN 494:2013 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 494:2013
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SIST EN 494:2013
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 494
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
October 2012
ICS 91.100.40 Supersedes EN 494:2004+A3:2007
English Version
Fibre-cement profiled sheets and fittings - Product specification
and test methods

Plaques profilées en fibres-ciment et accessoires - Faserzement-Wellplatten und dazugehörige Formteile -

Spécifications du produit et méthodes d'essai Produktspezifikation und Prüfverfahren

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 11 August 2012.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 494:2012: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 494:2013
EN 494:2012 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................5

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................5

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................6

4 Symbols and abbreviations ..................................................................................................................7

5 Product requirements ...........................................................................................................................8

5.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................8

5.1.1 Composition ...........................................................................................................................................8

5.1.2 Appearance and finish ..........................................................................................................................8

5.2 Dimensions and tolerances ..................................................................................................................9

5.2.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................9

5.2.2 Categorisation by height of profile ......................................................................................................9

5.2.3 Thickness ...............................................................................................................................................9

5.2.4 Tolerances on nominal dimensions.................................................................................................. 10

5.3 Physical requirements and characteristics for fibre-cement profiled sheets .............................. 11

5.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.3.2 Apparent density................................................................................................................................. 11

5.3.3 Mechanical characteristics ................................................................................................................ 11

5.3.4 Water impermeability ......................................................................................................................... 13

5.4 Durability requirements ..................................................................................................................... 13

5.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 13

5.4.2 Freeze-thaw ......................................................................................................................................... 13

5.4.3 Heat-rain .............................................................................................................................................. 13

5.4.4 Warm water .......................................................................................................................................... 14

5.4.5 Soak-dry ............................................................................................................................................... 14

5.5 Summary of characteristics and classification ............................................................................... 14

5.5.1 Summary of characteristics ............................................................................................................... 14

5.5.2 Classification ....................................................................................................................................... 14

5.6 Fire and safety ..................................................................................................................................... 15

5.6.1 External fire performance .................................................................................................................. 15

5.6.2 Reaction to fire .................................................................................................................................... 15

5.6.3 Release of dangerous substances .................................................................................................... 15

5.7 Product information............................................................................................................................ 15

6 Evaluation of conformity .................................................................................................................... 16

6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 16

6.2 Initial Type testing .............................................................................................................................. 16

6.3 Factory Production Control (FPC) .................................................................................................... 17

6.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 17

6.3.2 Acceptance tests ................................................................................................................................ 17

6.3.3 Equipment ........................................................................................................................................... 18

6.3.4 Raw materials and components ........................................................................................................ 19

6.3.5 Product testing and evaluation ......................................................................................................... 19

6.3.6 Non-conforming products ................................................................................................................. 19

6.4 Inspection of a consignment of finished products ......................................................................... 19

7 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 19

7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 19

7.2 Dimensional tests ............................................................................................................................... 19

7.2.1 Dimensional tests for sheets ............................................................................................................. 19

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SIST EN 494:2013
EN 494:2012 (E)

7.2.2 Dimensional tests for fittings ............................................................................................................. 22

7.3 Tests for physical performance and characteristics ....................................................................... 22

7.3.1 Apparent density ................................................................................................................................. 22

7.3.2 Mechanical characteristics ................................................................................................................. 23

7.3.3 Water impermeability .......................................................................................................................... 27

7.3.4 Warm water .......................................................................................................................................... 27

7.3.5 Soak-dry ............................................................................................................................................... 28

7.4 Tests for climatic performance .......................................................................................................... 30

7.4.1 Freeze-thaw .......................................................................................................................................... 30

7.4.2 Heat-rain ............................................................................................................................................... 31

7.4.3 Freeze-thaw test for fittings................................................................................................................ 32

7.5 Test for fire performance .................................................................................................................... 33

7.5.1 Test for external fire performance ..................................................................................................... 33

7.5.2 Test for reaction to fire ....................................................................................................................... 33

8 Marking, labelling and packaging ...................................................................................................... 38

Annex A (normative) Figures ........................................................................................................................... 40

Annex B (normative) Consignment inspection sampling ............................................................................. 52

Annex C (normative) Statistical method for determining the corresponding wet values or revised

dry specifications for the breaking load and/or bending moment when carrying out the

dry method of test for quality control purposes .............................................................................. 53

C.1 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................. 53

C.2 Determination of the correlation between the results of testing wet and dry specimens ........... 53

C.3 Determination of the regression line ................................................................................................. 54

C.4 Determination of a value for wet testing from an obtained value for dry testing ......................... 54

C.5 Determination of the minimum value specified for dry testing x corresponding to the

std

minimum value specified for wet testing in this document y .................................................... 55

std

Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of the EU

Construction Products Directive ....................................................................................................... 57

ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics ................................................................................................... 57

ZA.2 Procedure for the attestation of conformity of fibre cement profiled sheets and fittings ........... 59

ZA.2.1 Systems of attestation of conformity ................................................................................................ 59

ZA.2.2 EC Declaration of conformity ............................................................................................................. 62

ZA.3 CE marking ........................................................................................................................................... 64

Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 66

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SIST EN 494:2013
EN 494:2012 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 494:2012) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 128 "Roof covering

products for discontinuous laying and products for wall cladding", the secretariat of which is held by NBN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the

latest by April 2013.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 494:2004+A3:2007.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA which is an integral part of this document.

In comparison to the previous edition, the following paragraphs have been changed or added: 3.10, 3.11,5.1.1,

Table 2, 5.3.3.1, 5.3.3.4, 5.6.3, Table 6, 6.3.2, 7.4.2.1 and Annex ZA.

A distinction has been made between product appraisal (type tests) and routine quality control requirements

(acceptance tests).

The performance of a roof or another building part constructed with these products depends not only on the

properties of the product as required by this document, but also on the design, construction and installation of

the components as a whole in relation to the environment and conditions of use.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

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SIST EN 494:2013
EN 494:2012 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the technical requirements and establishes methods of control and test as

well as acceptance conditions for fibre-cement profiled sheets and their fibre-cement fittings for one or more of

the following uses:
 roofing;
 internal wall finishes;
 external wall and ceiling finishes.

For the purpose of this European Standard, fibre-cement profiled sheets are classified according to their

height of corrugation and their mechanical characteristics.

This European Standard covers fibre-cement profiled sheets reinforced with fibres of different type as

specified in 5.1.1, with and without factory applied coating.

This European Standard does not include calculations with regard to works, design requirements, installation

techniques, wind uplift or rain proofing of the installed sheets.

NOTE Some of these requirements can be applied, after agreement, to curved sheets for specific applications.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,

the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 197-1, Cement — Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for common cements

CEN/TS 1187 Test methods for external fire exposure to roofs

EN 13501-1, Fire classification of construction products and building elements — Part 1: Classification using

test data from reaction to fire tests

EN 13501-5, Fire classification of construction products and building elements — Part 5: Classification using

data from external fire exposure to roofs tests

EN 13823, Reaction to fire tests for building products — Building products excluding floorings exposed to the

thermal attack by a single burning item
EN 15057, Fibre cement profiled sheets — Impact resistance test method

EN ISO 1716, Reaction to fire tests for products — Determination of the gross heat of combustion (calorific

value) (ISO 1716)

ISO 2602, Statistical interpretation of test results — Estimation of the mean — Confidence interval

ISO 2859-1, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes — Part 1: Sampling schemes indexed by

acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection

ISO 3951-1, Sampling procedures for inspection by variables — Part 1: Specification for single sampling plans

indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection for a single quality characteristic and a

single AQL
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SIST EN 494:2013
EN 494:2012 (E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
profiled sheet

component the cross section of which consists of corrugations as in the examples shown in Figures A.1 to A.7

Note 1 to entry: The corrugations are defined by their pitch a and their height h.

3.2
acceptance test

test to establish whether a batch of sheets, drawn either from continuous production or from a consignment,

conforms to a specification

Note 1 to entry: Test methods and specification limit values are specified in this document. Sampling levels and

acceptance criteria are given in 6.3.2.
3.3
type test

test carried out to demonstrate conformity with the requirements of this document or for the approval of a new

product and/or when a fundamental change is made in formulation and/or method of manufacture, the effects

of which cannot be predicted on the basis of previous experience

Note 1 to entry: The test is performed on the as delivered product, but is not required for each production batch.

3.4
acceptable quality level (AQL)

quality level which in a sampling plan corresponds to a specified, relatively high probability of acceptance

Note 1 to entry: It is the maximum percent defective (or maximum number of defects per 100 units) that for purposes

of sampling inspection can be considered satisfactory as a process average.

Note 2 to entry: A sampling scheme with an AQL of 4 % means that batches containing up to 4 % defective items

have a high probability of acceptance.
3.5
as delivered

same condition as the producer intends to supply the product after completing all aspects of the process

including maturing and, when appropriate, painting
3.6
short sheet
sheet having a length less than or equal to 0,9 m
3.7
long sheet
sheet having a length greater than 0,9 m
3.8
upper face
face normally exposed to the weather
3.9
under face
reverse of the upper face
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SIST EN 494:2013
EN 494:2012 (E)
3.10
N.T.

fibre-cement slates and fittings of type NT cover products made using a non-asbestos technology

3.11
ambient laboratory conditions

ambient laboratory conditions are a temperature of (23 ± 5) °C and a relative humidity of (50 ± 20) %

4 Symbols and abbreviations
a 1. pitch of the corrugations in millimetres
2. one of the coefficients of the regression line (Annex C)

b 1. dimension of the specimen parallel to the supports in either the breaking load test or the bending

moment test in millimetres
2. one of the coefficients of the regression line (Annex C)
d apparent density of the sheet in grams per cubic centimetres
e thickness of the sheet in millimetres

f increase in deflection between applying 20 % and 70 % of the specified load in the breaking load test

in millimetres

F load at rupture from either the breaking load test or the bending moment test in newtons

F load at rupture per metre width from the breaking load test in newtons
h height of the corrugations in millimetres
h height of the edge of the descending corrugation in millimetres
h height of the edge of the ascending corrugation in millimetres
l length of the sheet in millimetres

l clear span between the supports in the breaking load test or span between the centre of the supports

in the bending moment test in millimetres

L upper estimate of the mean breaking load or bending moment at 95 % confidence level

L lower estimate of the mean breaking load or bending moment at 95 % confidence level

m mass of the specimen after drying in grams

M bending moment at rupture per metre length from the bending moment test in newton metres per

metre
R ratio of estimate L to estimate L
L 2 1
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SIST EN 494:2013
EN 494:2012 (E)
s standard deviation of the specimens with mean X
1 1
s standard deviation of the specimens with mean X
2 2
V volume of the test specimen in cubic centimetres
x actual result obtained when dry testing
w width of the sheet in millimetres

X mean value of the test results (bending strength or bending moment) of the control specimens (first

lot) for a type test

X mean value of the test results (bending strength or bending moment) of the specimens after a type

test

x minimum value to be used as the specification for the dry method of test. This value is calculated at

std

the 97,5 % lower confidence level from the value y specified for the wet method of test in this

std
document

y value calculated from the value obtained from a specimen tested dry, which is the estimate at the

97,5 % lower confidence level of the value expected from a specimen tested wet
y minimum value specified in the standard for wet testing
std
5 Product requirements
5.1 General
5.1.1 Composition

Fibre-cement profiled sheets and fittings shall consist of cement or other pozzolanic material reinforced by

fibres. The cement shall comply with EN 197-1 or an agreed technical specification.

This European Standard covers fibre-reinforced cement profiled sheets and fittings of type NT.

The reinforcing fibres shall be one or more of the following forms:
 discrete elements randomly dispersed;
 continuous strands or tapes;
 nets or webs.

Process aids, fillers and pigments which are compatible with the composite may be added.

5.1.2 Appearance and finish

The sheets may be left with their natural colour, or colouring matters may be added in the composition; they

may also receive adherent coloured or uncoloured coatings on their surface.
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SIST EN 494:2013
EN 494:2012 (E)

Variations of the surface appearance, which do not impair the characteristics of the sheets as defined in this

document, are permitted.

On exposure, the surface and/or its coating will be affected by weathering which may vary with site, location,

aspect, pitch of roof and duration of exposure. Any deterioration in this respect shall not detract from the

minimum mechanical and physical characteristics as specified in this document or from the function of the

sheet as a durable element.
Edges shall be straight and clean.

Sheets may have mitred or pre-mitred corner(s) and/or may be predrilled for fixing.

The fittings shall have a general appearance and finish compatible with the sheets with which they are to be

used. They may be supplied with holes for fixing.
5.2 Dimensions and tolerances
5.2.1 General
The manufacturer shall specify the nominal dimensions.
NOTE See 5.7 for designation and information.

Fittings shall have nominal dimensions and shapes determined by the manufacturer and appropriate to the

corresponding corrugated section sheets.
5.2.2 Categorisation by height of profile

The sheets are divided into five categories, depending on the nominal height of the corrugations, according to

Table 1 (examples of profiles are shown in Figures A.1 to A.7).
Table 1 — Categorisation by height of profile
Category
(mm)
A 15 to 30
B 25 to 45
C 40 to 80
D 60 to 120
E 90 to 150
5.2.3 Thickness
The thickness of the sheets shall either:

 be approximately constant across the width of the profile, as shown in Figure A.8a, or

 vary regularly from the crowns and valleys to the flanks of the corrugations, as shown in Figure A.8b.

When measured in accordance with 7.2.1.3, the minimum individual thickness for each category shall be as

specified in Table 2.
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SIST EN 494:2013
EN 494:2012 (E)
Table 2 — Minimum individual thickness
Minimum individual thickness
(mm)
Category
(mm)
A 15 to 30 4,0
B 25 to 45 5,0
C 40 to 80 5,2
D 60 to 120 5,5
E 90 to 150 6,0

NOTE A special Class Z is allowed in Category A with a minimum individual thickness of 3,5 mm.

5.2.4 Tolerances on nominal dimensions
5.2.4.1 Profiled sheets

When measured in accordance with 7.2, the allowable dimensional variations shall be as follows:

a) on the pitch a:
Tolerances
± 1,5 mm
a ≤ 75 mm
± 2,0 mm
75 mm < a ≤ 180 mm
± 2,5 mm
180 mm < a ≤ 260 mm
± 3,0 mm
260 mm < a
b) on the height h:
Tolerances
± 2,0 mm
15 mm ≤ h ≤ 45 mm
± 3,0 mm
45 mm ≤ h ≤ 150 mm
c) on the length l : ± 10 mm;
+10
d) on the width w : mm
−5 ;
e) on nominal thickness e:

The average thickness measured in accordance with 7.2.1.3 shall be within ± 10 % and not more than

± 0,6 mm of the nominal thickness.
f) on the squareness of the sheet:
Out of squareness ≤ 6,0 mm.
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SIST EN 494:2013
EN 494:2012 (E)
g) on the height of edges:

This tolerance applies only for sheets having a rising edge on one side and a descending edge on the

other side, and where it is required by the installation technique in order to ensure weather tightness

and/or geometrical fit.

The producer shall use the tolerances specified in installation standards or regulations, or if none are given,

he shall specify them in his literature.
5.2.4.2 Fittings

When measured in accordance with 7.2, the tolerances on nominal dimensions shall be as follows:

a) on length and width ± 10 mm;
b) on the average thickness ± 1 mm.
5.3 Physical requirements and characteristics for fibre-cement profiled sheets
5.3.1 General

Mechanical and material properties are determined for products as delivered, whenever practical. The results

shall be identified as applying to coated or uncoated products.
NOTE See 6.3 for statistical interpretation.
5.3.2 Apparent density

The manufacturer’s literature shall specify the minimum apparent density of the sheets. The sheet shall have

an apparent density equal to or greate
...

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