Connectors for electronic equipment - Quality assessment requirements -- Part 1: Generic specification

This part of IEC 62197 establishes uniform testing requirements to support quality assessment procedures for connectors. This part of IEC 62197 is applicable to a family of connectors for use in electronic and electrical equipment; connectors designed for use at radio frequencies are not covered.

Steckverbinder für elektronische Einrichtungen - Qualitätsbewertungsanforderungen -- Teil 1: Fachgrundspezifikation

Connecteurs pour équipements électroniques - Exigences d'assurance de la qualité -- Partie 1: Spécification générique

Etablit des exigences d'essai uniformes pour les procédures d'assurance de la qualité des connecteurs. Est applicable à une famille de connecteurs destinés à être utilisés dans des équipements électriques et électroniques; ne couvre pas les connecteurs conçus pour être utilisés aux fréquences radioélectriques.

Konektorji za elektronsko opremo – Zahteve za ocenjevanje kakovosti – 1. del: Rodovna specifikacija (IEC 62197-1:2006)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Sep-2006
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Oct-2006
Due Date
01-Oct-2006
Completion Date
01-Oct-2006

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SLOVENSKI SIST EN 62197-1:2006
STANDARD
oct 2006
Konektorji za elektronsko opremo – Zahteve za ocenjevanje kakovosti – 1.
del: Rodovna specifikacija (IEC 62197-1:2006)
Connectors for electronic equipment – Quality assessment requirements – Part 1:
Generic specification (IEC 62197-1:2006)
ICS 31.220.10 Referenčna številka
SIST EN 62197-1:2006(en)

© Standard je založil in izdal Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje ali kopiranje celote ali delov tega dokumenta ni dovoljeno

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 62197-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
June 2006
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 31.220.10
English version
Connectors for electronic equipment -
Quality assessment requirements
Part 1: Generic specification
(IEC 62197-1:2006)
Connecteurs pour équipements Steckverbinder für elektronische
électroniques - Einrichtungen -
Exigences d'assurance de la qualité Qualitätsbewertungsanforderungen
Partie 1: Spécification générique Teil 1: Fachgrundspezifikation
(CEI 62197-1:2006) (IEC 62197-1:2006)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2006-05-01. CENELEC members are bound to comply

with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard

the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on

application to the Central Secretariat or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified

to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, the Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 35, B - 1050 Brussels

© 2006 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 62197-1:2006 E
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
EN 62197-1:2006 - 2 -
Foreword

The text of document 48B/1622/FDIS, future edition 1 of IEC 62197-1, prepared by SC 48B, Connectors,

of IEC TC 48, Electromechanical components and mechanical structures for electronic equipment, was

submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and was approved by CENELEC as EN 62197-1 on

2006-05-01.
The following dates were fixed:
– latest date by which the EN has to be implemented
at national level by publication of an identical
national standard or by endorsement (dop) 2007-02-01
– latest date by which the national standards conflicting
with the EN have to be withdrawn (dow) 2009-05-01
Annex ZA has been added by CENELEC.
__________
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62197-1:2006 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.
__________
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
- 3 - EN 62197-1:2006
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD

applies.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60050-581 1978 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - -
(IEV) -
Chapter 581: Electromechanical components
for electronic equipment
IEC 60068-1 1988 Environmental testing - EN 60068-1 1994
+ corr. October 1988 Part 1: General and guidance
IEC 60410 1973 Sampling plans and procedures for inspection - -
by attributes
IEC 60512 Series Connectors for electronic equipment - Tests EN 60512 Series
and measurements
IEC 61076-1 2006 Connectors for electronic equipment - EN 61076-1 2006
Product requirements -
Part 1: Generic specification
IEC/TR 62225 2001 Guidance on terms for connectors and - -
mechanical structures in electronic equipment
IEC Guide 102 1996 Electronic components - Specification - -
structures for quality assessment
(Qualification approval and capability
approval)
IEC QC 001002-2 - IEC Quality Assessment System for - -
Electronic Components (IECQ) - Rules of
Procedure -
Part 2: Documentation
IEC QC 001002-3 - IEC Quality Assessment System for - -
Electronic Components (IECQ) - Rules of
Procedure -
Part 3: Approval procedures
IEC QC 210000 - Technology Approval Schedules - - -
Requirements under the IECQ Quality
Assessment System for Electronic
Components (IECQ)
EN 60068-1 includes A1 to IEC 60068-1.
Undated reference.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
EN 62197-1:2006 - 4 -
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
ISO 2859-1 - Sampling procedures for inspection by - -
attributes -
Part 1: Sampling schemes indexed by
acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot
inspection
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
NORME CEI
INTERNATIONALE
IEC
62197-1
INTERNATIONAL
Première édition
STANDARD
First edition
2006-04
Connecteurs pour équipements électroniques –
Exigences d'assurance de la qualité –
Partie 1:
Spécification générique
Connectors for electronic equipment –
Quality assessment requirements –
Part 1:
Generic specification
 IEC 2006 Droits de reproduction réservés  Copyright - all rights reserved

Aucune partie de cette publication ne peut être reproduite ni No part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any

utilisée sous quelque forme que ce soit et par aucun procédé, form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including

électronique ou mécanique, y compris la photocopie et les photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from

microfilms, sans l'accord écrit de l'éditeur. the publisher.

International Electrotechnical Commission, 3, rue de Varembé, PO Box 131, CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland

Telephone: +41 22 919 02 11 Telefax: +41 22 919 03 00 E-mail: inmail@iec.ch Web: www.iec.ch

CODE PRIX
PRICE CODE
Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
International Electrotechnical Commission
МеждународнаяЭлектротехническаяКомиссия
Pour prix, voir catalogue en vigueur
For price, see current catalogue
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
62197-1  IEC:2006 – 3 –
CONTENTS

FOREWORD...........................................................................................................................5

INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................9

1 General ..........................................................................................................................19

1.1 Scope....................................................................................................................19

1.2 General considerations relating to specifications ...................................................19

1.3 Normative references ............................................................................................21

1.4 Performance characteristics ..................................................................................21

2 Technical information .....................................................................................................23

2.1 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................23

2.2 System of levels ....................................................................................................25

2.3 Statistical process control......................................................................................25

2.4 Assessment of outgoing non conforming values in ppm .........................................25

2.5 Process capability .................................................................................................27

2.6 Definition of C and C ........................................................................................29

P PK

2.7 Relation between C and number of non conforming (defective) parts .................31

2.8 Typical minimum values for C and C ................................................................31

P PK

2.9 Implementation of statistical process control .........................................................33

3 Quality assessment procedures......................................................................................33

3.1 Quality assessment definitions ..............................................................................33

3.2 Qualification Approval (QA) ...................................................................................35

3.3 Capability Approval (CA) .......................................................................................35

3.4 Technology Approval (TA) .....................................................................................37

4 Test and test schedules..................................................................................................37

4.1 General aspects ....................................................................................................37

4.2 Test schedules ......................................................................................................39

Annex A (informative) Further information and practical figures concerning process

measures indices..................................................................................................................41

Annex B (normative) Quality assessment procedures ..........................................................45

Figure 1 – Actual detail specification structure ......................................................................11

Figure 2 – New documentation structure for specifications drafted in SC 48B –

Separation of product and quality assessment requirement...................................................13

Table 1 – Typical values for non-conformance levels ............................................................27

Table 2 – Process capability cases .......................................................................................29

Table 3 – C -values as function of good/defective parts......................................................31

Table 4 – Typical minimum values ........................................................................................31

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
62197-1  IEC:2006 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
CONNECTORS FOR ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT–
QUALITY ASSESSMENT REQUIREMENTS –
Part 1: Generic specification
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC provides no marking procedure to indicate its approval and cannot be rendered responsible for any

equipment declared to be in conformity with an IEC Publication.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 62197-1 has been prepared by subcommittee 48B: Connectors, of

IEC technical committee 48: Electromechanical components and mechanical structures for

electronic equipment.
This standard shall be used in conjunction with IEC 61076-1:2006.
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
48B/1622/FDIS 48B/1672/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
62197-1  IEC:2006 – 7 –

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the maintenance result date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in

the data related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be

• reconfirmed;
• withdrawn;
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
62197-1  IEC:2006 – 9 –
INTRODUCTION

The objective of this work is to update the quality assessment procedures of the connector

specifications to the current state of the art industrial procedures.

At the time of publication, all the connector detail specifications dealt with by subcommittee

48B of the IEC were built as described in Figure 1 with 5 major chapters.

The most significant out of date procedures relate to the lot-by-lot tests with different

inspection levels and acceptance quality level and to the periodic tests with permitted number

of defectives.

It was felt necessary to introduce the capability and the technology approval together with the

basic design parameters of statistical process control as a feed back system to have a

continuous control of the quality during the various steps of manufacture.

It was also felt appropriate to split the current documentation structure into two separate

structures of documents which, in the day to day use of specifications, satisfy most users, see

Figure 2.
The documentation system will be split into two parts:
• Product requirements
• Quality assessment requirements

The structure for the Product Specification contains characteristics, dimensions, performance

requirements and test schedules.

The structure for the quality assessment specification contains the requirements to obtain

Qualification Approval (QA) for a given performance level (per environment category),

Capability Approval (CA) per family of connectors or Technology Approval (TA) comprising all

relevant technologies for connector production.

Capability Approval or Technology Approval combined with statistical process control

parameters are intending to replace lot-by-lot and periodic tests.

To fully certify a product, a combination of the two structures will have to be selected by the

user, keeping in mind that in the statistical process control, key characteristics shall be

agreed between manufacturer and user.

A generic product specification with a 4 level structure consists of a generic, a sectional, a

blank detail and a detail specification.

From this, it can be concluded that two generic specifications are being circulated, one

document for the product aspects and a second one for the quality aspects.

The sectional specifications will be presented at the product level per family of connectors, for

example printed board connectors, circular connectors, rectangular connectors, etc.

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
62197-1  IEC:2006 – 11 –

At the quality assessment level, Annex B deals with qualification approval in B.2, capability

approval in B.3 and technology approval in B.4.
Interface
dimensions
Test schedule
(= performance
requirements) with
different performance
levels (PL)
Qualification approval
test schedule
with different
performance levels
Lot-by-lot tests
with different
assessment levels
Periodic tests
with different
assessment level
with permitted no.
of defectives
IEC 481/06
Figure 1 – Actual detail specification structure
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
62197-1  IEC:2006 – 13 –
Detail product Detail product Detail product
specification specification specification
IEC 61076-2-1xx IEC 61076-3-1xx IEC 61076-4-1xx
IEC 61076-2-1xy IEC 61076-3-1x y IEC 61076-4-1xy
Blank detail Blank detail Blank detail
specification specification specification
IEC 61076-2-001 IEC 61076-3-001 IEC 61076-4-001
Sectional product Sectional product Sectional product
specification specification specification
circular connectors rectangular connectors printed board connectors
IEC 61076-2 IEC 61076-3 IEC 61076-4
Connectors for electronic equipment –
Generic product specification – IEC 61076-1
Definitions and requirements for:
• characteristics
• dimensions
Product
• performance requirements
requirements
• test schedules
Quality Connectors for electronic equipment –
assessment
Quality assessment requirements –
requirements
Generic quality specification – IEC 62197-1
Definitions and requirements for:
• qualification approval
• capability approval with Statistical Process Control (SPC)
• technology approval with Statistical Process Control (SPC)
Annex B : Quality assessment procedures
Clause B.2 : Qualification approval
Clause B.3 : Capability approval
Clause B.4 : Technology approval
Blank detail Blank det ail Blank detail
specification specification specification
Circular connectors Rectangular connectors Printer bord connectors
IEC 62197-2-001 IEC 62197-3-001 IEC 62197-4-001
Detail quality Detail quality Detail quality
specification specification specification
IEC 62197-2-1xx IEC 62197-3-1xx IEC 62197-4-1xx
IEC 62197-2-1xy IEC 62197-3-1xy IEC 62197-4-1xy
IEC 482/06

NOTE Detail and blank detail specifications for the same connector will have publication numbers with identical

terminations in the 61076 and 62197 series; for instance IEC 61076-4-100 and IEC 62197-4-100 are associated

with the same connector.
Figure 2 – New documentation structure for specifications drafted in SC 48B –
Separation of product and quality assessment requirement
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
62197-1  IEC:2006 – 15 –

The objective of this 2 Edition is to review and update the actual connector specifications

containing product and quality assessment requirements.

Today, all the connector detail specifications dealt with by Subcommittee 48B of the

International Electrotechnical Commission are prepared as described in figure 1 with 5 major

chapters.

The most significant out of date procedures relate to the lot-by-lot tests with different

inspection levels and acceptance quality level and to the periodic tests with permitted number

of defectives.

To update the document to reflect modern practices it was necessary to introduce the

capability and the technology approval together with the basic design parameters of statistical

process control as a feed back system to have a continuous quality control during various

steps of manufacture.

It was also felt appropriate to split the current documentation into two separate structures of

documents which, in the day-to-day use of specifications, satisfy most users, see illustration

in Figure 2.

This offers the user the option to acquire products with and without certification. It is obvious

that the industry needs to get separate information on dimensions, performance requirements

and basic design parameters.
The two separate documents are:
– Product requirements
– Quality assessment requirements

The Product Specification contains characteristics, dimensions, performance requirements

and test schedules. The relevant document is:
IEC 61076-1 (Ed. 2)
Connectors for electronic equipment – Product requirements –
Part 1: Generic Specification

The Quality Assessment Specification contains the requirements to obtain Qualification

Approval (QA) for a given performance level (per environment category), Capability Approval

(CA) per family of connectors or Technology Approval (TA) comprising all relevant

technologies for connector production.

Capability Approval or Technology Approval combined with statistical process control

parameters are intending to replace lot-by-lot and periodic tests. The relevant document is:

IEC 62197-1
Connectors for electronic equipment – Quality assessment requirements –
Part 1: Generic Specification

To specify a fully certified product, a combination of specifications from both structures shall

be required.

The 4 level document structure adopted by SC48B consists of a Generic, a Sectional, a Blank

Detail and Detail Specifications.
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
62197-1  IEC:2006 – 17 –

To maintain this 4 level structure, two Generic Specifications are being circulated, one

document for the product aspects and a second one for the quality aspects.

The Sectional Specifications will be presented at the product level per family of connectors

e.g. printed board connectors, circular connectors, rectangular connectors, etc.

At the quality assessment level Annex B of IEC 62197-1 is dealing with Qualification Approval

B.2, Capability Approval B.3 and Technology Approval B.4.
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
62197-1  IEC:2006 – 19 –
CONNECTORS FOR ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT–
QUALITY ASSESSMENT REQUIREMENTS –
Part 1: Generic specification
1 General
1.1 Scope

This part of IEC 62197 establishes uniform testing requirements to support quality

assessment procedures for connectors.

This part of IEC 62197 is applicable to a family of connectors for use in electronic and

electrical equipment; connectors designed for use at radio frequencies are not covered.

1.2 General considerations relating to specifications

This generic quality specification contains, or gives reference to, the terms, definitions,

symbols, test methods and information relating to the inspection particular to connectors.

It shall be used in conjunction with relevant levels of specifications, with reference to IEC

Guide 102, if applicable.

In the event of conflict, the requirements of the Detail Quality Specification prevail.

1.2.1 Detail Quality Specifications

Quality sectional specifications are not existent and appropriate for this document structure.

In place of sectional specifications, the Quality assessment procedures as described in

Clauses B.2, B.3 and B.4 are applied.

If applicable, it shall contain a list of all test methods and sequences, severities and preferred

values for characteristics, which could be applicable to that subfamily.

The contents shall be derived from IEC 62197-1 and the detail product specification, if

appropriate.

In the event of conflict, the requirements of the detail quality specification prevail.

1.2.2 Blank detail quality specification (if applicable)

Guidance to prepare the appropriate detail quality specifications shall be given in a blank

detail quality specification, prescribing the layout to be adopted and the information to be

given, thus ensuring a uniform presentation.

Its content shall be derived from IEC 62197-1 and shall list parameters of the subject

connector subfamily and a selection of the technical criteria necessary and sufficient to

assess quality of the connector type and considered to be complete and sufficient for control

purposes
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
62197-1  IEC:2006 – 21 –
1.2.3 Detail Quality Specification (if applicable)

Detail Quality Specifications shall give directly, or by making reference to other normative

documents, all information necessary to describe the qualification approval parameters for a

given connector or range of connectors completely.

Their contents shall be derived from IEC 62197-1 and shall list parameters of the subject

connector subfamily and a selection of the technical criteria necessary and sufficient to

assess quality of the connector type and be considered to be complete and sufficient for

control purposes
1.3 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document.

For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition

of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

IEC 60050(581):1978, International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) – Chapter 581: Electro-

mechanical components for electronic equipment
IEC 60068-1:1988, Environmental testing – Part 1: General and guidance
IEC 60410:1973, Sampling plans and procedures for inspection by attributes

IEC 60512 (all parts), Connectors for electronic equipment – Tests and measurements

IEC 61076-1:2006, Connectors – Product requirements – Part 1: Generic specification

IEC 62225:2001, Guidance on terms for connectors and mechanical structures in electronic

equipment

IEC Guide 102:1996, Electronic components – Specification structures for quality assessment

(Qualification approval and capability approval)

QC 001002-2: IEC Quality Assessment System for Electronic Components (IECQ) – Rules of

procedure – Part 2: Documentation

QC 001002-3: IEC Quality Assessment System for Electronic Components (IECQ) – Rules of

procedure – Part 3: Approval procedures
QC 210000: Technology Approval Schedules – Requirements under the IECQ

ISO 2859-1: Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes – Part 1: Sampling schemes

indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection
1.4 Performance characteristics

For details about performance characteristics such as operating environment, see 1.4 of

IEC 61076-1:2006.
Characteristics

For details of electrical and mechanical characteristics, see 1.4.2 and 1.4.3 of IEC 61076-1:

2006.
Compatibility
See for details of compatibility, 1.4.5 of IEC 61076-1:2006.
---------------------- Page: 16 ----------------------
62197-1  IEC:2006 – 23 –
2 Technical information
2.1 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in IEC 60050(581) and

IEC 62225, as well as the following, apply
2.1.1
process

combination of people, equipment, materials, methods and environment that work together to

produce output – a given product or a service
NOTE A key tool for managing processes is statistical process control.
2.1.2
characteristic

distinguishing feature of a process or its output on which variables or attributes data can be

collected
NOTE 1 Process characteristics are for example temperatures, cycle times.

NOTE 2 Action on the process needs to be taken to prevent the important characteristics from varying too far

from their target values.
2.1.3
target values

target values for the characteristics are the values, which result in the most productive

operation of the process and are monitored
2.1
...

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