Spectator facilities - Part 1: General characteristics for spectator viewing area

This European Standard specifies design and management requirements for spectator facilities at permanent or temporary entertainment venues including sport stadia, sport halls, indoor and outdoor facilities for the purpose of enabling their functionality.
This European Standard is not applicable to other permanent venues such as theatres, cinemas, opera houses, auditoriums, lecture halls and similar places where persons congregate.
NOTE   Provisions for media facilities are not included in this standard.

Zuschaueranlagen - Teil 1: Allgemeine Merkmale für Zuschauerplätze

Diese Europäische Norm legt Konstruktions  und Managementanforderungen an Zuschaueranlagen für ortsfeste oder provisorische Veranstaltungsorte wie Stadien, Sporthallen sowie Anlagen in Gebäuden und im Freien fest, um deren Funktionalität sicherzustellen.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für andere ortsfeste Veranstaltungsorte wie Theater, Kinos, Opernhäuser, Aulas, Hörsäle und ähnliche Stätten, an denen Menschen zusammenkommen.
ANMERKUNG   Bestimmungen für mediale Anlagen sind nicht in dieser Norm enthalten.

Installations pour spectateurs - Partie 1 : Caractéristiques générales des espaces d'observation pour spectateurs

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences de conception et de gestion relatives aux installations pour spectateurs dans des lieux de divertissement permanents ou temporaires, y compris les stades sportifs, les salles de sport, les installations intérieures et extérieures, l’objectif étant d’en assurer la fonctionnalité.
D’autres lieux permanents comme les théâtres, les salles de cinéma, les opéras, les amphithéâtres et autres salles similaires où des personnes se rassemblent sont exclus de la présente Norme européenne.
NOTE   La présente norme ne traite pas des installations pour les médias.

Prostori za gledalce - 1. del: Splošne značilnosti za vidno polje gledalcev

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve glede načrtovanja in upravljanja prostorov za gledalce na trajnih ali začasnih prireditvenih prizoriščih, vključno s športnimi stadioni, športnimi dvoranami ter drugimi notranjimi in zunanjimi prostori, za namene zagotavljanja njihove funkcionalnosti.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za druga trajna prizorišča, kot so gledališča, kinodvorane, operne hiše, avditoriji, predavalnice in druga podobna mesta, kjer se zbirajo ljudje.
OPOMBA:   Določbe za medijske objekte niso vključene v ta standard.

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Zuschaueranlagen - Teil 1: Allgemeine Merkmale für ZuschauerplätzeInstallations pour spectateurs - Partie 1 : Caractéristiques générales des espaces d'observation pour spectateursSpectator facilities - Part 1: General characteristics for spectator viewing area97.220.10Športni objektiSports facilities97.200.10Gledališka, odrska in studijska oprema ter delovne postajeTheatre, stage and studio equipment91.040.10Javne stavbePublic buildingsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13200-1:2019SIST EN 13200-1:2019en,fr,de01-maj-2019SIST EN 13200-1:2019SLOVENSKI

SIST EN 13200-1:2019

EN 13200-1
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{ yä t t rä s r Supersedes EN
s u t r ræ sã t r s tEnglish Version
Spectator facilities æ Part
sã General characteristics for spectator viewing area Installations pour spectateurs æ Partie
s ã Caractéristiques générales des espaces d 5observation pour spectateurs
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sã Allgemeine Merkmale für Zuschauerplätze This European Standard was approved by CEN on
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egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä
translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
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t r s { CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN
s u t r ræ sã t r s { ESIST EN 13200-1:2019

EN 13200-1:2019 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword . 3 Introduction . 4 1 Scope . 5 2 Normative references . 5 3 Terms and definitions . 5 4 Materials and technical installations . 7 4.1 General . 7 4.2 Structures, finishes and furniture . 7 4.3 Electrical installations . 8 4.4 Spectator control devices . 8 4.5 Public address announcements . 9 4.5.1 General . 9 4.5.2 Public address announcement and systems . 9 4.6 Auxiliary power . 10 4.7 Scoreboards and video screens . 10 4.8 Orientation system . 10 5 Viewing area . 11 5.1 General requirements . 11 5.2 Requirements for seating places . 11 5.2.1 General . 11 5.2.2 Seating places with individual seats . 11 5.2.3 Seating places with benches . 14 5.2.4 Seating places provided by steps . 16 5.3 Requirements for standing places . 16 5.3.1 Standing places provided by steps . 16 5.3.2 Standing places provided by slope . 17 5.4 Places for spectators with special needs . 18 6 Determination of design capacity for viewing area . 19 6.1 Standing places . 19 6.2 Seating places . 19 7 Flow capacity of exit from viewing area . 20 8 Loads and other dynamic actions . 20 9 Sightline . 20 Annex A (informative)
Example of spectator facility . 23 Annex B (informative)
Largest distance of vision . 25 Annex C (informative)
Classification of sports areas and criteria for determination of groups . 27 Annex D (informative)
Roof coverings of stands . 30 Annex E (informative)
Flow capacity from exit from viewing area . 31 Bibliography . 32 SIST EN 13200-1:2019

EN 13200-1:2019 (E) 3 European foreword This document (EN 13200-1:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 315 “Spectator facilities”, the secretariat of which is held by UNI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2019. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 13200-1:2012. The following significant changes have been made to the previous edition: a) editorial changes of the text; b) all drawings has been checked in order to improve clarity and comprehension; c) In 5.2 “Requirements for seating places” a clarification has been made on clear width for the row passage with tip-up seats; d) 5.4 “Places for spectators with special needs” has been improved. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 13200-1:2019

EN 13200-1:2019 (E) 4 Introduction This document has been prepared in order to specify the general design criteria for spectator facilities, with the purpose of enabling their functionality. Within this document, minimum and recommended values for dimensions are occasionally presented. Attention is drawn to the fact that in certain countries additional/different requirements may be applicable due to existing national regulations or equivalent. In certain countries, the minimum number of spectators is related to the application of this document. SIST EN 13200-1:2019

EN 13200-1:2019 (E) 5 1 Scope This document specifies design and management requirements for spectator facilities at permanent or temporary entertainment venues including sport stadia, sport halls, indoor and outdoor facilities for the purpose of enabling their functionality. This document is not applicable to other permanent venues such as theatres, cinemas, opera houses, auditoriums, lecture halls and similar places where persons congregate. NOTE Provisions for media facilities are not included in this document. 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 1991-1-1, Eurocode 1: Actions on structures - Part 1-1: General actions - Densities, self-weight, imposed loads for buildings 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp 3.1 spectator facility area of congregation comprising an activity area, a viewing area and a service area Note 1 to entry: A spectator facility includes all the spaces where the public assembles, indoors or outdoors, permanently or temporarily, views sports, entertainment or miscellaneous events (see Annex A). 3.2 activity area area where the event takes place 3.3 viewing area area from which the spectators view the event Note 1 to entry: The viewing area includes stands for spectators seated, standing and with special needs, passageways and gangways necessary for circulation, vomitories for entry and exit. 3.4 service area area where publically accessible utilities are found Note 1 to entry: The service area includes toilets, first aid, cafeterias, souvenirs shop, including passages, concourses, ramps and stairs between the viewing area and the external area (see Annex A). SIST EN 13200-1:2019

EN 13200-1:2019 (E) 6 3.5 place space in the viewing area needed for a safe and good view of the event taking place, which is for a spectator who is sitting or standing or a wheelchair user 3.6 vomitory element of passage that provides entry to or exit from the viewing area 3.7 stand structure providing a viewing area 3.8 sector unit of the viewing area comprising one or more similar blocks 3.9 block unit of the viewing area comprising a number of rows between rear and/or front gangways and one or two lateral passageways 3.10 row line of a number of similar and adjacent places for spectators that are laterally spaced 3.11 passageway access route to a sector or block Note 1 to entry: A passageway, on level ground, slope or stair, includes vomitory and gangway. 3.12 sightline line joining the eye of a spectator and the point of interest on the activity area without optical interruption 3.13 point of interest point on the activity area from which the sightline is linked to the eye point 3.14 design capacity total number of spectators for which a spectator facility or some division of a spectator facility (block or sector) is designed 3.15 flow capacity number of spectators that can safely pass through a given width of a space in a specified time 3.16 viewing slope non-stepped sloping area providing standing accommodation for the spectator SIST EN 13200-1:2019

EN 13200-1:2019 (E) 7 3.17 place of safety place where a person is no longer in danger from fire or other emergencies 3.18 external area place external to the activity area, viewing area and service area intended to be used as public road, parking and passages for spectators 3.19 indoor facility facility in which both the activity area and viewing area are covered and enclosed 3.20 outdoor facility open facility or uncovered activity area 4 Materials and technical installations 4.1 General The materials and technical installations shall be made in accordance with the law in force in each country and shall take into account the applicable European Standards. 4.2 Structures, finishes and furniture Fire resistance requirements of structural elements should be assessed in accordance with the requirements and test procedures established by the regulations in force in each country, regardless of the type of material structural elements are made of (e.g. concrete, clay, steel, solid wood, laminated timber, composite members). The size, thickness and protections of the above-mentioned types of materials and the classification of the premises according to fire load should be determined in accordance with the tables and methods specified by the regulations in force in each country. The applicable European standards shall also be taken into account. Passages, stairs and steps of outdoor facilities shall be free from stagnation in case of rain and provide appropriate slip resistance. NOTE The pavements of outdoor sports facilities do not require classification for the purposes of reaction to fire. Chairs and other upholstered furniture shall belong to reaction to fire class 1 IM, whereas seats that are neither upholstered nor coated, and that are made of rigid combustible materials, shall belong to a reaction to fire class not higher than 2. In indoor facilities where the viewing area is extended to the activity area, reaction to fire classification of pavements is needed. If the pavements are made of combustible materials, they shall clearly be counted within fire load for the assessment of the fire resistance requirements of structural elements of sports facilities. If devices are provided for actual improvement of overall safety conditions of indoor facilities and of indoor premises in outdoor facilities, such as effective gas evacuation systems installed with automatic fire detection systems and/or automatic sprinkler systems, the use of materials that belong to higher reaction to fire classes may be permitted. SIST EN 13200-1:2019

EN 13200-1:2019 (E) 8 4.3 Electrical installations For the purposes of fire prevention, electrical installations: — shall not be a cause of fire or explosion; — shall neither keep the fire alight nor be a propagate way of spreading fire. The fire behaviour of structural members shall be compatible with the specific intended use of each of the premises; — shall be divided so that possible failures do not bring the entire system out of order; — shall have switching devices located in “protected” positions and shall be provided with clear indications of the relevant circuits. The following safety equipment shall be provided: — lighting installation; — alarm system; — detection system; — fire-extinguishing systems. Safety electrical power supply shall be automatic with short interruption (< 0,5 sec) for signalling systems, alarm systems and lighting installations and with average interruption (< 15 sec) for water firefighting systems. Battery chargers shall be automatic and shall be capable of being fully charged within 12 h. The safety electrical power supply endurance shall allow safe conduct of rescue and turning off operations for the necessary time. The minimum endurance is established for each plant as follows: — indication and alarm system: 30 min; — emergency lighting: 60 min; — water firefighting systems: 60 min. Indoor facilities, outdoor facilities intended for night use and indoor premises of outdoor sport facilities shall be equipped with emergency lighting. The emergency lighting shall ensure a lighting level not lower than 5 lx 1 m above the floor along exit routes; self-powered lamps that can ensure functioning for at least 1 h are allowed. If an event takes place after sunset or lasts beyond sunset, spectator areas shall be fitted with lighting. Indoor spectator facilities and spectator viewing areas shall be fitted with lighting. For visual comfort of spectators rather than safety or emergency reasons, the lighting level shall be at least 10 lx. NOTE For more information about lighting, see EN 12193 and EN 1838. 4.4 Spectator control devices Where provided, a closed circuit television system (CCTV) shall allow the observation of the viewing area, service area and passageways of the facility, from a dedicated and attended room, as well as registration of relevant images. The system shall also allow the recognition of an individual spectator during night-time events. SIST EN 13200-1:2019

EN 13200-1:2019 (E) 9 In general, a video surveillance installation that is capable of managing and controlling the flow of spectators inside and outside a sports facility implies the structural analysis of the sports facility. Cameras for the protection of fan passageways and entrance/exit areas shall be deployed so that movements of people near the perimeter fence are always under control. The number of cameras varies depending on the type of installation. The key requirement is to cover the entire viewing area. CCTV may be extended to service and external areas. An essential feature is the capability of the system to monitor real-time incidents that occur on the grandstands and outside, with a resolution that allows authorities to identify the responsible people. The cameras shall be placed on secure vibration-free points that are inaccessible to the public. In case of rotating cameras the speed of operation and then the rotation shall be controlled to allow a 180° reorientation in few seconds. 4.5 Public address announcements 4.5.1 General Concerning the public address system, it is important to ensure that the sound levels are suitably adjusted to take account of any changes during an event. This can be achieved automatically by the installation of an ambient noise sensing system. Where such a system is installed, it is important that it be fail-safe at maximum power. Consideration shall be given to occupational health hazards caused by excessive noise. 4.5.2 Public address announcement and systems It is essential that event holders facilitate spectator safety and that security authorities are capable of communicating clearly with spectators inside and outside the spectator facilities by means of a sufficiently powerful and reliable public address system. Such a system shall: — have its control centre located in, or immediately adjacent to, the spectator facilities control room, in a position where the operator has CCTV coverage of the spectator facility; — be capable of addressing messages exclusively to individual sectors of the spectator facilities, including banks of turnstiles, internal rooms, hospitality suites and blocks of seating; — be capable of having its volume automatically increased to guarantee that messages will always be audible to spectators even when sudden increases in the crowd noise level occur. NOTE For example the scoring of a goal during the delivery of a safety message would cause the volume level of the system to instantly and automatically rise above the surge in crowd noise levels. — have an override which shall permit the spectator facilities controller to cut in to any separate sound in the event of an emergency; — have an emergency, alternative power supply which shall ensure that the system remained operative without interruption in the event of a power failure for a minimum period of three hours. SIST EN 13200-1:2019

EN 13200-1:2019

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