Sanitary appliances - Wash basins - Functional requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies the functional characteristics and test methods for wash basins for domestic purposes.
NOTE 1   For the purposes of this standard the term "domestic purposes" includes use in hotels, accommodation for students, hospitals and similar buildings, except when special medical provisions are required.
NOTE 2   All drawings are examples only. The shape of the appliance is left to the discretion of the manufacturer.

Sanitärausstattungsgegenstände - Waschbecken - Funktionsanforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm legt Funktionseigenschaften und Prüfverfahren für Waschbecken für den Haus¬gebrauch fest.
ANMERKUNG 1   Der Begriff für den "Hausgebrauch" in dieser Norm schließt die Verwendung in Hotels, Studentenwohnheimen, Krankenhäusern und ähnlichen Einrichtungen ein; ausgenommen ist die medizinische Verwendung.
ANMERKUNG 2   Alle Bilder sind nur beispielhaft. Die endgültige Form des Gegenstandes bleibt dem Ermessen des Herstellers überlassen.

Appareils sanitaires - Lavabos - Exigences fonctionnelles et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne détermine les caractéristiques fonctionnelles et les méthodes d’essai applicables aux lavabos à usage domestique.
NOTE 1   Pour les besoins de la présente norme, l’expression « à usage domestique » comprend les utilisations dans les hôtels, les logements d’étudiants, les hôpitaux et bâtiments similaires, sauf lorsque des dispositions médicales spéciales sont requises.
NOTE 2   Tous les schémas ne sont donnés qu’à titre d’exemples. La forme de l’appareil est laissée au choix du fabricant.

Sanitarna oprema - Umivalniki - Funkcionalne zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa funkcionalne karakteristike in preskusne metode za umivalnike za domačo uporabo.
OPOMBA 1: Za namene tega standarda izraz »domača uporaba« vključuje uporabo v hotelih, namestitvah za študente, bolnišnicah in podobnih stavbah, razen če so potrebna posebna medicinska določila.
OPOMBA 2: Vse risbe so samo primeri. Odločitve glede oblike opreme so prepuščene proizvajalcu.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
07-Nov-2018
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
05-Nov-2018
Due Date
10-Jan-2019
Completion Date
08-Nov-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Sanitarna oprema - Umivalniki - Funkcionalne zahteve in preskusne metodeSanitärausstattungsgegenstände - Waschbecken - Funktionsanforderungen und PrüfverfahrenAppareils sanitaires - Lavabos - Exigences fonctionnelles et méthodes d'essaiSanitary appliances - Wash basins - Functional requirements and test methods91.140.70Sanitarne napraveSanitary installationsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14688:2015+A1:2018SIST EN 14688:2015+A1:2018en,fr,de01-december-2018SIST EN 14688:2015+A1:2018SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 14688:20151DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 14688:2015+A1:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 14688:2015+A1
October
t r s z ICS
{ sä s v rä y r English Version

Sanitary appliances æ Wash basins æ Functional requirements and test methods Appareils sanitaires æ Lavabos æ Exigences fonctionnelles et méthodes d 5essai

Sanitärausstattungsgegenstände æ Waschbecken æ Funktionsanforderungen und Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s { June
t r s w and includes Amendment
s approved by CEN on
s v April
t r s zä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s v x z zã t r s w ªA sã t r s z ESIST EN 14688:2015+A1:2018

EN 14688:2015+A1:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 4 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 4 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 4 4 !Characteristics" .................................................................................................................................... 7 4.1 Load resistance ................................................................................................................................................ 7 4.2 Draining of water ............................................................................................................................................ 7 4.3 Resistance to temperature changes ......................................................................................................... 7 4.4 Resistance to chemicals and staining agents ........................................................................................ 7 4.5 Surface stability ............................................................................................................................................... 7 4.6 Cleanability ........................................................................................................................................................ 7 4.7 Protection against overflowing .................................................................................................................. 7 4.8 Durability ........................................................................................................................................................... 8 5 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................... 8 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8 5.2 Load resistance ................................................................................................................................................ 8 5.3 Draining of water ......................................................................................................................................... 10 5.4 Resistance to temperature changes ...................................................................................................... 10 5.5 Resistance to chemicals and staining agents ..................................................................................... 11 5.6 Resistance to scratching ............................................................................................................................ 13 5.7 Resistance to abrasion ............................................................................................................................... 15 5.8 Cleanability ..................................................................................................................................................... 17 5.9 Determination of flow rate of overflow ............................................................................................... 17 6 Dangerous substances ................................................................................................................................ 17 7 Marking and product designation .......................................................................................................... 17 8 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance – AVCP............................................ 19 8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19 8.2 Type testing .................................................................................................................................................... 19 8.3 Factory production control (FPC) .......................................................................................................... 20 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship of this European Standard with Regulation (EU) No. 305/2011 ................................................................................................................................................. 22 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 24

SIST EN 14688:2015+A1:2018

EN 14688:2015+A1:2018 (E) 3 European foreword This document (EN 14688:2015+A1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 163 “Sanitary appliances”, the secretariat of which is held by UNI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2019 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by July 2020. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 14 April 2018.

This document supersedes !EN 14688:2015". The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !".

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. For relationship with EU Construction Products Regulation, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. !The main changes introduced in EN 14688 were the following: a) introduction of a new Annex ZA in accordance with the latest template (in the format of TF N 678 rev 1 of 2015-06-02); b) modification of the marking of products;

c) modification of the clause “Test samples, testing and compliance criteria”; d) editorial modifications as agreed between representatives of EU/DG Growth, CEN/TC 163 and FECS on 2016-07-07 in Brussels for citation of standard in OJEU." According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 14688:2015+A1:2018

EN 14688:2015+A1:2018 (E) 4 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the functional !characteristics" and test methods for wash basins for domestic purposes. NOTE 1 For the purposes of this standard the term “domestic purposes” includes use in hotels, accommodation for students, hospitals and similar buildings, except when special medical provisions are required. NOTE 2 All drawings are examples only. The shape of the appliance is left to the discretion of the manufacturer. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN ISO 6506-1, Metallic materials - Brinell hardness test - Part 1: Test method (ISO 6506-1) ISO 9352, Plastics - Determination of resistance to wear by abrasive wheels 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 wash basin sanitary appliance primarily intended for washing the upper parts of the body, with one or more bowls, each with a waste outlet hole, with or without overflow and with or without taphole(s) Note 1 to entry: The various types of wash basins are differentiated by the methods of mounting. The main types are given in the definitions that follow. 3.1.1 wall-hung wash basin wash basin attached directly to a wall Note 1 to entry: See Figures 1 and 2.

Figure 1 — Wall-hung wash basin with overflow
Figure 2 — Wall-hung wash basin without overflow SIST EN 14688:2015+A1:2018

EN 14688:2015+A1:2018 (E) 5 3.1.2 bracket-mounted wash basin wash basin supported on brackets which are fixed to a wall Note 1 to entry: See Figure 3.

Figure 3 — Bracket-mounted wash basin 3.1.3 pedestal wash basin wash basin supported by a floor mounted pedestal

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 4.

Figure 4 — Pedestal wash basin 3.1.4 vanity wash basin wash basin installed into a vanity top

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 5. Note 2 to entry: The bowl(s) may be mounted in different ways: a) the rim of the wash basin rests on the vanity top (inset wash basin); b) the front of the basin protrudes beyond the front edge of the vanity top (semi-recessed wash basin); c) the rim of the wash basin butts against the underside of the vanity top (wash basin mounted beneath a vanity top); d) the bottom of the wash basin rests on the vanity top (vessel wash basin). SIST EN 14688:2015+A1:2018

EN 14688:2015+A1:2018 (E) 6

Figure 5 — Vanity top wash basins 3.1.5 corner wash basin wash basin intended to be installed in a 90° wall corner and to be attached to both walls 3.2 handrinse basin wash basin with a width of

¶ 530 mm, intended for hand washing only 3.3 multi-layer wash basin wash basin consisting of two or more layers of material 3.4 product type !set of representative performance levels or classes of a construction product, in relation to its essential characteristics, produced using a given combination of raw materials or other elements in a specific production process Note 1 to entry: The definition is taken from Regulation (EU) No. 305/2011." SIST EN 14688:2015+A1:2018

EN 14688:2015+A1:2018 (E) 7 4

!Characteristics" 4.1 Load resistance When tested in accordance with 5.2, wall-hung wash basins shall not crack, be broken or show permanent distortion. 4.2 Draining of water When tested in accordance with 5.3, all water shall drain away. 4.3 Resistance to temperature changes When wash basins are tested in accordance with 5.4, they shall not show defects, such as cracks or delamination which influences the intended use. Experience has shown that wash basins made of glazed ceramics, stainless steel, enamelled steel and glass comply with this requirement. 4.4 Resistance to chemicals and staining agents When used as intended, any functional surface shall be resistant to household chemicals and cleansing agents recommended by the manufacturer. When tested in accordance with 5.5, wash basins shall not show any permanent surface deterioration, such as stains or deterioration not removable with water or abrasive agent. Experience has shown that wash basins made of glazed ceramics, stainless steel and enamelled steel comply with this requirement. 4.5 Surface stability This requirement is applicable only to multi-layer wash basins to ensure the stability of the top layer. When tested in accordance with 5.6, any scratch shall not exceed 0,1 mm and/or the total depth of the top layer whichever is the least. When tested in accordance with 5.7, the top layer of the test specimen shall not be abraded through. Experience has shown that wash basins made of glazed ceramics and enamelled steel comply with these requirements. 4.6 Cleanability When tested in accordance with 5.8, wash basins shall have smooth and readily cleansed non-absorbent functional surfaces which are free from acute internal corners which would be difficult to clean, i.e. surfaces intended to or likely to come into contact with water during use. Experience has shown that wash basins manufactured from plastics materials, enamelled steel/cast iron, stainless steel, glazed ceramics and glass, designed and constructed without acute internal corners, satisfy this requirement. 4.7 Protection against overflowing 4.7.1 Wash basins with overflow Every wash basin shall be protected against overflowing. When tested in accordance with 5.9, the flow rate of a single overflow shall not be less than the values given in Table 1. SIST EN 14688:2015+A1:2018

EN 14688:2015+A1:2018 (E) 8 Table 1 — Flow rates of overflow Overflow !types" Overflow rate l/s CL 25 0,25 CL 20 0,20 CL 15 0,15 CL 10 0,10 CL 00 See 4.7.2.

In two-bowl wash basins, it is permitted to have only one overflow, if the overflowing from one bowl to the other is ensured. 4.7.2 Wash basins without overflow A wash basin with a non-closable outlet or a floor gully may also be used as a protection against overflowing. In this case the wash basin is considered to be !type" CL 00. 4.8 Durability Products conforming with the !characteristics" of 4.1 to 4.7 are deemed to be durable. 5 Test methods 5.1 General All tests may be carried out on the same sample wash basin. 5.2 Load resistance — Install the wash basin to be tested in a horizontal position in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions onto smooth surface(s) with a layer of mortar or other facing material used for pointing between the back of wash basin and the smooth surface. — Gradually apply a force of (1,50 ± 0,01) kN on top of a wooden beam with a cross section of 100 mm x 100 mm positioned in accordance with Figure 6. Allow the force to remain in position for a period of 1 h. SIST EN 14688:2015+A1:2018

EN 14688:2015+A1:2018 (E) 9

Key a) installation of wash basins 3 compensation layer b) testing a “standard-type” wash basin 4 wall c) testing a two-bowl wash basin 5 threaded rod, nut and flexible washer (maximum torque 5 Nm) d) testing a non-symmetrical wash basin 6 geometric centre of bowl e) testing a corner wash basin 7 geometric centre of the left bowl 1 force (1,50 ± 0,01) kN 8 geometric centre of the right bowl 2 wooden beam with cross-section

100 mm x 100 mm of adequate length 9 centre of the contact area from exterior edge of wash basin through the geometric centre(s) of the bowl(s)

10 load point Figure 6 — Test arrangements — Record any failure to comply with 4.1. Distortions at the points of direct loading shall not constitute a failure. SIST EN 14688:2015+A1:2018

EN 14688:2015+A1:2018 (E) 10 5.3 Draining of water — Install the wash basin horizontally in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions. The wash basin shall be cleaned with cleansing agents recommended by the manufacturer and afterwards shall be rubbed dry. — Pour not less than 1 l water evenly around the upper inside edge of the bowl(s). — Visually examine whether the water has drained to the waste outlet hole(s). Water remaining due to surface tension is permitted. 5.4 Resistance to temperature changes 5.4.1 Test apparatus 5.4.1.1 A hot water supply, capable of delivering water at a temperature of (70 ± 2)°C at the outlet of the discharge pipe. 5.4.1.2 A cold water supply, capable of delivering water at a temperature of (15 ± 2)°C at the outlet of the discharge pipe. 5.4.1.3 A discharge pipe with an internal diameter of 10 mm for delivering the hot and the cold water. 5.4.1.4 Means of supporting the wash basin to be tested in a horizontal position. No stress shall be exerted on the wash basin. 5.4.1.5 A thermometer, capable of measuring temperatures between 0 °C and 100 °C with an accuracy of ± 1 °C at the measured temperature. 5.4.1.6 A flow meter, capable of measuring a flow rate of (0,1 ± 0,01) l/s. 5.4.2 Procedure a) The waste outlet hole shall be open during the test. b) The water supply shall be arranged as described below: 1) the water impinges on the bottom of bowl at any point on a diameter of (110 ± 5) mm around the waste outlet hole; 2) the outlet of the discharge pipe is to be positioned (80 ± 5) mm above the point of impingement. c) Discharge hot water for a period of (90 ± 1) s at a flow rate of (0,1 ± 0,01) l/s. d) Stop the flow for a period of (30 ± 1) s. e) Discharge cold water for a period of (90 ± 1) s at a flow rate of (0,1 ± 0,01) l/s. f) Stop the flow rate for a period of (30 ± 1) s. g) Repeat this procedure 1 000 times without interruption. h) The internal surface(s) of the bowl(s) shall be wiped dry. i) Verify that the requirements of 4.3 are satisfied by visual inspection with the naked eye, at a distance of 600 mm and illumination by cool neon light of 150 lx, measured at the surface of the wash basin. SIST EN 14688:2015+A1:2018

EN 14688:2015+A1:2018 (E) 11 5.5 Resistance to chemicals and staining agents 5.5.1 Test apparatus and chemicals 5.5.1.1 Chemicals and staining agents: The list of chemicals and staining agents is given in Table 2. Each solution shall be prepared immediately before use with deionized water, and applied at a temperature of (23 ± 5) °C. Table 2 — Chemicals Family Product Acids Acetic acid (CH3COOH), 10 % V/V Alkalines Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), 5 % m/m Alcohols Ethanol (C2H5OH), 70 % V/V Bleaches Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), 5 % active Chlorine (Cl2)a Staining agents Methylene blue, 1 % m/m Salts Sodium chloride (NaCl), 170 g/l, diluted to 50 % a The specified bleach may be replaced by sodium percarbonate (2 Na2CO3

® 3 H2O2) prepared as follows: Dissolve 1 g of a commercially available powdery bleach based on sodium percarbonate containing 15 % to 30 % of the active component in 100 ml of deionized water at room temperature.

5.5.1.2 Borosilicate watch glasses: 40 mm nominal diameter. 5.5.1.3 Pipettes. 5.5.1.4 Cleaning device. The cleaning device is shown in Figure 7. It incorporates a synthetic flexible open cell foam disc of 75 mm diameter and 15 mm thickness. It is driven by means of a square axle which loosely fits into the device. Any rotating device having a mass of (1 000 ± 50) g can be used. 5.5.1.5 12 h-alumina (suspension of aluminium oxide (Al2O3) in water)1).

1) A suitable product is available form MERCK Eurolab-Prolabo, 54 rue Roger Salengro, 94126 Fortenay sous Bois CEDEX, France, as DURMAXTM under product description No 20993. This information is given for the convenience of users of this standard and does not constitute an endorsement of the product by CEN. SIST EN 14688:2015+A1:2018

EN 14688:2015+A1:2018 (E) 12
Key 1
square axle, a = b – 1 mm 2

foam a inner dimension b outer dimension Figure 7 — Cleaning device 5.5.2 Test specimens Carry out the tests on the bottom, and on a flat part of the wall of the wash basin or on test specimens (100 ± 5) mm x (100 ± 5) mm cut from these areas. 5.5.3 Procedure a) Select a test area. b) Use each test area for only one reagent. Clean the test area thoroughly with hot soapy water then dry with a clean dry cloth. c) At each test area, deposit a drop of the test solution. Cover the drop with a watch glass concave side downwards. The drop size shall be determined in order to be completely covered by the watch

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