This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the vapour pressure, exerted in vacuo, by volatile, low viscosity petroleum products, components, ethanol blends up to 85 % (V/V), and feedstocks using a variable volume chamber. A dry vapour pressure equivalent (DVPE) is calculated from the vapour pressure.
The conditions used in the test described in this standard are a vapour-to-liquid ratio of 4:1 and a test temperature of 37,8 °C.
The equipment is not wetted with water during the test, and the method described is therefore suitable for testing samples with or without oxygenates; no account is taken of dissolved water in the sample.
This procedure calculates the partial pressure of the air dissolved in the test portion during the triple expansion process. It is suitable for samples with a DVPE between 13,7 kPa and 98,3 kPa; vapour pressures outside this range can be measured but the precision has not been determined.
This document is applicable to fuels containing oxygenated compounds up to the limits stated in the relevant Council Directive 85/536/EEC [6], and for ethanol-fuel blends up to 85 % (V/V) ethanol.
NOTE   For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms "% (m/m)" and "% (V/V)" are used to represent the mass and volume fractions respectively.
WARNING - The use of this Standard can involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This Standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of users of this standard to take appropriate measures to ensure the safety and health of personnel prior to application of the standard, and fulfil statutory and regulatory requirements for this purpose.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the air saturated vapour pressure (ASVP) (total vapour pressure), exerted in vacuo, by volatile, low viscosity petroleum products, components, ethanol blends up to 85 % (V/V), and feedstocks containing air. A dry vapour pressure equivalent (DVPE) can be calculated from the air containing vapour pressure (ASVP) measurement.
The conditions used in the test described in this standard are a vapour-to-liquid ratio of 4:1 and a test temperature of 37,8 °C.
The equipment is not wetted with water during the test, and the method described is therefore suitable for testing samples with or without oxygenates; no account is taken of dissolved water in the sample.
This method described is suitable for testing air saturated samples with a DVPE between 15,5 kPa and 106,0 kPa; vapour pressures outside this range can be measured but the precision has not been determined.
This document is applicable to fuels containing oxygenated compounds up to the limits stated in the relevant Council Directive 85/536/EEC [10], and for ethanol-fuel blends up to 85 % (V/V) ethanol.
NOTE   For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms "% (m/m)" and "% (V/V)" are used to represent the mass and volume fractions respectively.
WARNING - The use of this standard can involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of users of this standard to take appropriate measures to ensure the safety and health of personnel prior to application of the standard, and fulfil statutory and regulatory requirements for this purpose.

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petroleum products at elevated temperatures.
The conditions used in the test described in this standard are a vapour to liquid ratio of 3:2 and an initial injection temperature of 37,8 °C or 30,0 °C.
The method described is suitable for testing air-saturated samples that exert an air-saturated vapour pressure of between 9 kPa and 500 kPa at temperatures between 40 °C and 100 °C.
This European Standard is applicable to fuels containing oxygenated compounds up to the limits stated in the relevant EC Directive 85/536/EEC [3].
NOTE 1   If a sample injection is into a test chamber which is raised to 37,8 °C and the vapour to liquid ratio is 4:1, the initial measurement corresponds with the measurement in Part 1 of this standard.
NOTE 2   For the purposes of this European Standard, the term % (V/V) is used to represent the volume fraction.
WARNING - Use of this standard may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the vapour pressure, exerted in vacuo, by volatile, low viscosity petroleum products, components, ethanol blends up to 85 % (V/V), and feedstocks using a variable volume chamber. A dry vapour pressure equivalent (DVPE) is calculated from the vapour pressure.
The conditions used in the test described in this document are a vapour-to-liquid ratio of 4:1 and a test temperature of 37,8 °C.
The equipment is not wetted with water during the test, and the method described is therefore suitable for testing samples with or without oxygenates; no account is taken of dissolved water in the sample.
This procedure calculates the partial pressure of the air dissolved in the test portion during the triple expansion process. It is suitable for samples with a DVPE between 15,7 kPa and 97,6 kPa; vapour pressures outside this range can be measured but the precision has not been determined.
This document is applicable to fuels containing oxygenated compounds up to the limits stated in the relevant Council Directive 85/536/EEC [6], and for ethanol-fuel blends up to 85 % (V/V) ethanol.
NOTE   For the purposes of this document, the terms "% (m/m)" and "% (V/V)" are used to represent the mass and volume fractions respectively.
WARNING - The use of this document can involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This document does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of users of this document to take appropriate measures to ensure the safety and health of personnel prior to application of the standard, and to determine the applicability of any further restrictions for this purpose.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the air saturated vapour pressure (ASVP) (total vapour pressure), exerted in vacuo, by volatile, low viscosity petroleum products, components, ethanol blends up to 85 % (V/V), and feedstocks containing air. A dry vapour pressure equivalent (DVPE) can be calculated from the air containing vapour pressure (ASVP) measurement.
The conditions used in the test described in this document are a vapour-to-liquid ratio of 4:1 and a test temperature of 37,8 °C.
The equipment is not wetted with water during the test, and the method described is therefore suitable for testing samples with or without oxygenates; no account is taken of dissolved water in the sample.
The method described is suitable for testing air saturated samples with a DVPE between 15,5 kPa and 106,0 kPa; vapour pressures outside this range can be measured, but the precision has not been determined.
This document is applicable to fuels containing oxygenated compounds up to the limits stated in the relevant Council Directive 85/536/EEC [10], and for ethanol-fuel blends up to 85 % (V/V) ethanol.
NOTE   For the purposes of this document, the terms “% (m/m)” and “% (V/V)” are used to represent the mass and volume fractions, respectively.
WARNING - The use of this document can involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This document does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of users of this document to take appropriate measures to ensure the safety and health of personnel prior to application of the document, and to determine the applicability of any other restrictions for this purpose.

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This Technical Report is not intended to be a comprehensive manual on flash point tests and the interpretation of test results, however it covers the key aspects on these subjects.
The flash point test can be summarised as a procedure where a test portion is introduced into a temperature controlled test cup and an ignition source is applied to the vapours produced by the test portion to determine if the vapour / air mixture is flammable or at what temperature the vapour / air mixture is flammable.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the total pressure, exerted in vacuo, by volatile, low viscosity petroleum products, components, and feedstocks containing air. A dry vapour pressure equivalent (DVPE) can be calculated from the air containing vapour pressure (ASVP) measurement.
The conditions used in the test described in this standard are a vapour-to-liquid ratio of 4:1 and a test temperature of 37,8 °C.
For referee testing the requirement to employ 1 l sample containers is mandatory. However, due to sample container size restrictions in taking automatic samples from vapour-locks either onboard a ship or from some land based storage tanks, the precision for 250 ml containers forms part of this standard and shall be used for referee purposes.
NOTE 1   This standard states precision for both 1 l and 250 ml sample containers. Annex A provides information on the precision values when using 50 ml at 37,8 °C or using 1 l samples at a test temperature of 50,0 °C.
The equipment is not wetted with water during the test, and the method described is therefore suitable for testing samples with or without oxygenates; no account is taken of dissolved water in the sample.
This method described is suitable for testing air-saturated samples that exert an air-saturated vapour pressure of between 9,0 kPa and 150,0 kPa at 37,8 °C.
This document is applicable to fuels containing oxygenated compounds up to the limits stated in the relevant EC Directive 85/536/EEC [4].
NOTE 2   For the purposes of this European Standard, the term "% (m/m)"and “% (V/V)” are used to represent the mass, respectively the volume fraction.
WARNING  Use of this standard may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulator

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of absolute vapour pressure of liquid petroleum products at elevated temperatures. The conditions used in the test described in this standard are a vapour to liquid ratio of 3:2 and an initial injection temperature of 37,8°C or 31,0°C. The method described is suitable for testing air-saturated samples that exert an air  saturated vapour pressure of between 50 kPa and 500 kPa at temperatures between 40°C and 100°C.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the total pressure, exerted in vacuo, by volatile, low viscosity petroleum products, components, and feedstocks containing air. An equivalent dry vapour pressure can be calculated from the air containing vapour pressure (ASVP) measurement. The conditions used in the test described in this standard are a vapour-to-liquid ratio of 4:1, a sample size of 1 l, and a test temperature of 37,8°C. Note 1 See annex A for information on the precision values when using 50 ml samples or using a test temperature of 50,0°C.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the absolute vapour pressure of volatile crude oil and volatile non-viscous petroleum products, with vapour pressures below 180 kPa. This method is applicable to fuels containing oxygenated compounds up to the limits stated in Annex A, column A of this standard. The method is also applicable to fuels containing up to 2,8 % m/m total oxygen, if due to ethers only.

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